Introduction to Research Methods
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Introduction to Research Methods

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The difference between a search system and a database; How to formulate

The difference between a search system and a database; How to formulate
a basic search strategy; truncation; boolean operators; wildcards


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Introduction to Research Methods Introduction to Research Methods Presentation Transcript

  • Intro to Research Methods Dos and Don’ts
  • Search Systems vs. Databases
    • Search System: a Web interface or platform developed by a vendor with various features for searching a database
    • Databases: subject-specific depositories of information, sometimes contained in search systems and sometimes free standing
  • The Shopping Analogy
    • You can go to the Coach store & buy a purse OR
    • You can go to Saks & buy a Coach purse
  • The Shopping Analogy
    • DATABASES (CINAHL, MEDLINE) are like brand name items
    • SEARCH SYSTEMS are like department stores
  • Therefore…
    • The next time you need to ‘shop’ for some
    • articles, remember, there are different ‘stores’ to browse.
    available in available in
  • Constructing a search
    • Identify your search topic-what do you need?
    • “ I need articles about stuttering and assessment”
    • Break your search into simple phrases
    • stuttering / assessment
    • Connect your phrases with Boolean Operators
    • stuttering AND assessment
    • http://www.internettutorials.net/boolean.html
    • Apply limits
    • date ranges, research articles, age groups, full text
    • Scan & mark the articles you want for later
    • CLIPBOARD (PubMed) & Folder (EbscoHost)
  • Other tips
    • Consider using TRUNCATION
      • Shortens a keyword so that it will match with all terms starting with the same stem.
      • librar* will match with library, libraries, librarian, librarianship, etc.
      • Ebsco & PubMed truncator: * (asterisk)
      • Truncation handout:
      • http://www.lsuhsc.edu/no/library/services/reference/truncation.pdf
    • Keep away from sentences and prepositions!
      • Databases & search systems don’t like the words ‘in, to, for, by’ etc.
      • – Try AND OR NOT instead