2009 Face Conference Ny Zhu
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2009 Face Conference Ny Zhu

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2009 Face Conference Ny Zhu 2009 Face Conference Ny Zhu Presentation Transcript

  • Preventing Fatal Injuries to Tree Workers in New York State NY FACE
  • NYS Tree Work Fatalities  2002: 12 18 16  2003: 9 14 2004: 5 12  10  2005: 8 8 6  2006: 8 4 2  2007: 10 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008  2008: 17
  • What caused the spike?  Energy crisis  NYDEC fire wood regulation to protect forests against non-native insects  Prohibit imports  Restrict intra-state transportation  Use local source (50 miles)  Weather View slide
  • NY FACE Previous Efforts in Prevention of Logging Injuries  Two FACE reports  One FACE fact sheet  Dissemination of Logging Field Guide (WV FACE) through New York Logging Training View slide
  • NY FACE Efforts  Developed Logging Safety-A Field Guide  Partnered with New York State Office of Parks Recreation and Historical Preservation (NY Parks)  Pilot tested the Field Guide  Evaluate the effectiveness/usefulness of the Guide
  • • Game of Logging Developed in the 1960’s by Soren Eriksson, a Swedish logger turned training instructor Teaches safety, productivity, conservation and cutting techniques Instructor: Bill Lindloff Train approximately 800 people annually Employees and employers Property/land owners Loggers, landscapers, and forest workers (public)
  • Pilot-testing the Field Guide through NYS Parks  NY Parks provided its field employees with GOL I and II  GOL instructor used the Field Guide as classroom training material  NY FACE developed survey questionnaires to assess the usefulness/effectiveness of the Field Guide
  • NY Parks Evaluation  Pre: n=61 and Post n= 73  39% reported being involved in a “near miss” and 24% had tree work related injuries  Trainees gained critical injury prevention knowledge through the training  The Field Guide helped the trainees understand the subject matter:  62% Strongly Agree  37% Agree
  • Partner with GOL  800 trainees a year  Disseminate the Field Guide to the trainees  Use the Field Guide as classroom teaching material  Assist in evaluation
  • To Evaluate or Not to Evaluate?  Goals  Reduced fatalities  Reduced injuries  Behavioral changes *  Knowledge changes *  Field Guide being widely used *
  • Prevent Death and Injuries to Workers of Ski Facilities in New York
  • Industry Characteristics  New York has the largest number of ski centers (49) in the US  Seasonal employment of 16,500 (86% of the payroll in the winter season) in New York
  • Work Force Characteristics  Younger  Seasonal  Part-time  Majority non-skiers or non-boarders  Both management and workers assume/ accept risk/ injury as part of the job  Suspicious about government regulations
  • Typical Operations in a Ski Resort/Area  Ski school  Ski patrol  Lift operation  Lift maintenance  Snow making  Snow grooming  Cafeteria  Guest service
  • Occupational Hazards  Slips and falls on icy  Chemical exposures to surface snowmaking additives  Frost bite/hypothermia  Compressed air  Logging hazards  Pressurized water  Muscle strains and sprains  Electrical  Mobile vehicles  Confined space  Trenching  Overhead hazards
  • Fatal Cases in Ski Resorts/Areas  Two employees fell into a 20 foot cavity over a volcanic fumarole that was covered by snow and a third employee attempting to rescue them died from lack of oxygen (CA)  A worker was engulfed by water in a snow making pit (CO)  A worker died after being severely injured while working on a chair lift (Alberta, Canada)
  • Fatal Cases in New York  In 2007, a 63 year-old employee at a ski resort was killed after his clothing was caught by a snowblower and pulled into the machine.  In 2008, a 44-year-old electrician accidentally touched a high-voltage transformer and was electrocuted at a ski area.
  • Safety Regulations for Ski Facilities  Chapter 296-59 WAC “Ski Area Facilities and Operations” by Washington State Department of Labor and Industries :  Ski lift facilities and structures  Ski lift operations  Ski lift aerial work platforms  Ski lift machinery guarding
  • NY FACE Partner: Ski Areas of New York (SANY)  Represents 41 (86%) ski facilities in New York  Three are state facilities  Provides workers’ compensation program for some of (approx. 80%) the SANY members
  • 1,600 ft. vertical drop Peak employment 2,000
  • Snowmaking Department  Snowmaking:  1,000 guns  200-300 guns on a run (every 10 ft.)  Two workers take care of a run  Compressor (nine 1930 models) maintenance  Trail maintenance (tree work)  Building new trails/runs (excavating and trenching hazards)
  • Snowmaking Department Injury Data (1998-2009)  Injuries by age groups:  < 30: 44%  30-39: 22%  40-49: 24%  50-59: 5%  > 60: 2 %
  • Snowmaking Department Injury Data (1998-2009)  Injuries by Causes  Slip and fall: 38%  Lift/push/pull: 18%  Hit by: 15%  Motor vehicle: 11%  Injuries by Objects  Snowmaking equipment: 22%  Icy/snowy surface: 12%  Snowmobile: 10%
  • NY FACE-SANY Project  Conduct site visits  Review and analyze SANY injury data  Target specific operations/departments  Survey department managers  Develop operation specific safety recommendations, and hazard alert  Develop comprehensive employee training manuals  Develop comprehensive safety programs for high risk departments  Evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention