2009 Face Conference Mi Chester

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2009 Face Conference Mi Chester

  1. 1. Michigan's Focus on Fatal Falls: Factors, Fixes, and Follow-up Debra Chester, MS MSU Department of Medicine
  2. 2. MIFACE Investigation 06MI117 63 years old Installing siding on dormer Used two 2-inch screws instead of 16d nails in roof brackets North bracket failed or fell from ladder 9-foot fall from roof edge Died 2 weeks later
  3. 3. Factors Inadequate knowledge – Did not use correct roof brackets – Did not anchor appropriately – Did not follow “best safe work practice” No fall protection No employee training – Scaffold (bracket spacing > 8 ft, 2x6 inch planks on side) – Ladder (ladder not used properly) No Safety Program
  4. 4. Work-Related Fatal Falls in Michigan, 2001-2006 Overview – 2001 to 2006: 875 work- related deaths – 125 (14.3%) of 875 work- related deaths attributable to falls – 75 (60%) of 125 work- related fatal falls occurred in Construction (NAICS 23)
  5. 5. Number of Fatal Falls in Michigan, 2001-2006 Construction 75 Manufacturing 11 Agriculture 8 Transportation/Warehousing 8 Arts/Enterainment/Recreation 4 Retail Trade 4 Educational Services 3 Admin/Support/Waste 3 Wholesale Trade 2 Accomm/Food Service 2 Prof/Scient/Tech Services 1 Finance/Insurance 1 Mining 1 Public Administration 1 Health Care/Social Assist 1 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
  6. 6. Age at Time of Fatal Fall, Michigan, 2001-2006 25 23 20 Number of Deaths 20 16 15 11 11 10 10 9 8 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 0 0 0 0-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 Construction Non-Construction
  7. 7. Height of Fatal Fall, Michigan, 2001-2006 25 21 19 20 17 Number of Falls 15 13 13 9 10 8 7 4 4 5 5 3 2 0 <10' 10'- 19' 20'- 29' 30'- 39' 40'- 49' 50 - 100+' UNK 100' Construction Non-Construction
  8. 8. Construction Characterization of Fatal Falls, Michigan, 2001-2006 1% 12% 7% Construction of Buildings Heavy and Civil Engineering Specialty Trade Unknown 80%
  9. 9. Fatal Falls by Specialty Trades, Michigan, 2001-2006 Roofers 20 StrucSteel/Precast Conc 9 Painters 7 Framing 6 Other Contractors 4 Masonry 4 Plumbing/HVAC 4 Siding 2 Electricians 2 Poured Concrete 1 Finish Carpenter 1 0 5 10 15 20 25 Number of Falls
  10. 10. Fatal Falls… What Did They Fall From? Michigan, 2001-2006 Roof Edge 19 Scaffold/Ladder 18 Others 6 Vehicle/Mach/Equip 8 Structural Steel 8 UNK 3 Unguarded Roof Opening 3 Ground/Floor 2 Cell Phone Tower 2 Wood Framing 2 Water Tower 2 Skylight 2 0 5 10 15 20 Number of Falls
  11. 11. N u m b er o f D eath s 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Ja nu ar y 4 Fe br ua r y 5 M ar ch 4 Ap r il 4 M ay 8 Ju ne 7 Ju ly Month 5 Au gu Se st 7 pt e m be r 8 Oc to be r Michigan, 2001-2006 No Fatal Falls by Month, 14 ve m be r 5 De ce m be r 4
  12. 12. Construction Fatal Falls in Michigan, 2001-2006 Race: – Black: 2 individuals – White: 73 individuals Ethnicity - Hispanic: 6 individuals Gender: – Male: 75 individuals 38 deaths: able to identify if member of a construction union and if firm had written safety program. – 5 individuals were union members – 15 firms had written program
  13. 13. We Know What Works
  14. 14. Three Workers Hang Off High Rise for an Hour After Scaffold Drops Two workers hang outside the 31-story M&I Plaza building Downtown as a firefighter descends to rescue them. They and a third worker were stranded when a scaffold collapsed as they put up a sign on the 28th floor. - MIKE FENDER / The Star IndyStar.com. Posted 8/15/08. http://www.indystar.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080815/LOCAL18/808150466
  15. 15. Fixes Are Available Internet Fall Protection Plans: – http://erd.dli.mt.gov/safetyhealth/brochures/fallprotect planres.pdf – http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_doc ument?p_id=10927&p_table=STANDARDS Guide to Developing a Fall Protection Program – http://www.doa.state.wi.us/docview.asp?docid=667
  16. 16. Fixes Continuing education of construction contractors Oversight by general contractors Subcontractors safety program/employee training requirement Courage to call out fellow workers about unsafe work practices Contractor trade groups educate public about value of safety programs, builder designations, etc vs. low bid
  17. 17. Follow-up New Michigan Legislation (PA 155-158 of 2007) – Require residential builder and maintenance/alteration contractor to meet continuing competency (CC) requirements. 60 hours pre-licensure coursework Current license holders have varying CC requirements
  18. 18. Follow-up New Technology – NIOSH newly developed guard rail system Educational Outreach to employers who hire non/limited-English speaking workers – MIOSHA new job postings – desirable qualification is bi-lingual ability – MIOSHA trying to translate more educational materials – budget constraints limiting effort – OSHA Compliance Assistance – Hispanic Workers
  19. 19. Fixes Continuing education of construction contractors Oversight by general contractors Subcontractors safety program/employee training requirement Courage to call out fellow workers about unsafe work practices Contractor trade groups educate public about value of safety programs, builder designations, etc vs. low bid
  20. 20. Follow-up MIOSHA Enforcement of Multi-employer Worksites Instruction – July 31, 2007 Clarified guidelines for conducting MIOSHA compliance inspections at multi-employer worksites – Identified: Creating contractor – caused hazardous condition Exposing contractor – own employees are exposed Correcting contractor – responsible for correcting hazard Controlling contractor – general supervisory authority
  21. 21. Follow-up MIOSHA Falls Prevention Outreach Initiative – 8500 letters and educational materials sent identified as having work activities in which employees may be exposed to fall hazards 5000 to construction employers 3500 to manufacturing employers – Objectives Highlight the seriousness of fall protection increase awareness of fall hazards within these industries highlight the need for appropriate fall protection help ensure that employees receive the appropriate training required by the MIOSHA Fall Protection Safety standards.
  22. 22. MIFACE Investigation 07MI172 34 years old Working for friend who owned roofing business Roofing activities Unwitnessed fall Not using fall protection Died 5 days after incident
  23. 23. Follow-up MIFACE Outreach – MIFACE Investigation Report 07MI172 citing the MIOSHA multi-employer worksite document will be sent to all general contractors, home builder associations, and over 1200 roofing contractors in MI – MIFACE will conduct a phone survey to follow-up with representative number of companies to gather additional information
  24. 24. Fixes Continuing education of construction contractors Oversight by general contractors Subcontractors safety program/employee training should be required Courage to call out fellow workers about unsafe work practices Contractor trade groups educate public about value of safety programs, builder designations, etc vs. low bid
  25. 25. MIFACE Investigation 01MI094 31 years old Painting under bridge Unsecured in lift basket Basket not properly placed on forks of rough terrain forklift
  26. 26. Safety Culture Management looks the other way when unsafe actions are used Fellow employees look the other way when unsafe actions are used Who wants to correct the unsafe actions of “experienced” employees? But everyone wants a safe workplace…
  27. 27. Fixes Continuing education of construction contractors Oversight by general contractors Subcontractors safety program/employee training should be required Courage to call out fellow workers about unsafe work practices Contractor trade groups educate public about value of safety programs, builder designations, etc vs. low bid
  28. 28. Follow-up Collaborated with MAHB to secure grant funding to develop construction standard/employee training CD/DVD Unsuccessful grant, but MAHB entered an alliance agreement with MIOSHA – Outcomes: CET promotion Increased awareness of: – How to develop H&S programs – MIOSHA Construction S&H standards – How regulations apply to residential construction Co-sponsorship of MIOSHA workshops Amicable working relationship
  29. 29. Questions?

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