OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY IN RENEWABLE
ENERGY

FACE Conference 2009       OHSU, Portland, OR



GARY LeMOINE, ENVIRONME...
Wind Energy Growing Quickly




                      CPETITIVE
Minimal Impacts to Landowner




                       CPETITIVE
US Wind Market Growth Potential:
20% Wind Scenario by 2030




AWEA 2007 report
20% Wind Job Benefits




From AWEA report for 2007
US Wind Safety Challenges: Significant


• Maintaining the Health & Safety of all persons during this growth -
  In 2007: ...
Wind Plant Siting Issues

• No national wind siting regulations yet
• State, County, Federal property
  siting requirement...
Challenges in Wind Construction

•   New contractors entering arena
•   Less Experience with dilution amongst contractors
...
Solution: Construction Bid
Cycle must include Safety

                                           Contractor
              ...
Construction



               CPETITIVE
Construction: civil & tower assembly
projects
                                   •Projects on leased land, farms
         ...
Driving Safety
Operations & Maintenance




                           CPETITIVE
Wind Ops Example Programs
Meet or Exceed Regulations
 •   MANAGEMENT/ EMPLOYEE RESP              •OCCUPATIONAL      HEALTH...
Do You have Appropriate Employee EHS
Training & Qualification Programs?

                           Are Employees Qualifie...
LOCK OUT / TAG OUT
Wind Turbine Hazardous Energy


                          Mechanical: Wind, Wind, Wind
                ...
Wind Turbine Collapse from Overspeed
Enclosed / Confined Spaces – Evaluate
Turbines for Regulatory Compliance

                          Possible Hazard Assess...
Ergonomics, Fitness for Duty
How Fit is your Workforce?
•   Tower Jobs Physically Demanding, 1-3
    climbs/day 60-80 mete...
Consider Developing a “Fit for Duty”
  Program
• FFD program requires work analysis by medical professional to establish p...
Wind FIRST AID & AEDs
First Aid Hazard Assessment- Wind examples
•Back/upper limbs sprains and strains – lifting related
•...
Public Safety
  Access to Wind Plants,
 High Curiosity Factor
 create Risk for:
      Public Safety
      Vandalism
 Lando...
Want More – AWEA Safety Committee


• AWEA Wind Power Health & Safety Workshop, September 16 - 17, 2009,
  Snowbird, UT ex...
Everyone Goes Home Safe &
We Don’t Harm the Environment


Questions??????????

Thank You
Contact Information:
Gary LeMoine...
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2009 Face Conference Energy Le Moine

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2009 Face Conference Energy Le Moine

  1. 1. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY IN RENEWABLE ENERGY FACE Conference 2009 OHSU, Portland, OR GARY LeMOINE, ENVIRONMENT HEALTH SAFETY – USA & Canada
  2. 2. Wind Energy Growing Quickly CPETITIVE
  3. 3. Minimal Impacts to Landowner CPETITIVE
  4. 4. US Wind Market Growth Potential: 20% Wind Scenario by 2030 AWEA 2007 report
  5. 5. 20% Wind Job Benefits From AWEA report for 2007
  6. 6. US Wind Safety Challenges: Significant • Maintaining the Health & Safety of all persons during this growth - In 2007: 5,244 MW added, Cumulative over 16,800 MW • Supporting responsible, consistent, regulatory compliant industry that encourages a proactive safety culture amongst wind companies • Working cooperatively with regulators like OSHA and stakeholders on safety and regulatory issues that integrates engineering safety solutions with advancing technology • Laying the Groundwork for the Health & Safety of future US workforce – 150,000 employees
  7. 7. Wind Plant Siting Issues • No national wind siting regulations yet • State, County, Federal property siting requirements vary WA has State Siting guidelines as example Turbine Setbacks vary from roads/homes Community Noise stds, Flicker shadow • FAA - Radar, DOD concerns • Potential Endangered Species, Migratory Bird, Eagle Acts: (Birds, Bats, other species) Requirements for pre-post construction avian studies Risk varies region to region, solutions vary
  8. 8. Challenges in Wind Construction • New contractors entering arena • Less Experience with dilution amongst contractors • New turbine suppliers, designs, new technology • Challenging Logistics and site conditions in many cases • Aggressive industry growth and challenging construction schedules
  9. 9. Solution: Construction Bid Cycle must include Safety Contractor Project Mgmt: Pre-Qualification: •Engineering • Experience •Commercial • Safety Begin Construction- •Contractor Project Kickoff •Prepares Bid includes safety including Safety Project Mgmt: • Rev/Select Bid • Negotiate Contract & Safety requirements
  10. 10. Construction CPETITIVE
  11. 11. Construction: civil & tower assembly projects •Projects on leased land, farms •Construct Gravel access roads •Excavate, Reinforced concrete foundations constructed •Tower components delivered, CPETITIVE assembled, commissioned •Substation, collection system EHS Issues •Traffic, heavy equipment safety •Crane critical lifting plans •Fall hazards •Tool use, ergonomic concerns •Crop damage, range fire safety •Weather, ESA Impacts
  12. 12. Driving Safety
  13. 13. Operations & Maintenance CPETITIVE
  14. 14. Wind Ops Example Programs Meet or Exceed Regulations • MANAGEMENT/ EMPLOYEE RESP •OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH • SAFETY & HEALTH COMMITTEES • Hazard Communication • EDUCATION AND TRAINING • Ergonomics / Lifting • Qualifications and Proficiency • Fitness for Duty • Regulatory required training • Hearing Conservation • RISK MANAGEMENT •CONFINED SPACE • Manufacturer's O&M Procedures •VEHICLE SAFETY • Job Safety Analysis •PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIP • ELECTRICAL SAFETY •CHEMICAL SPILLS • LOCKOUT/TAGOUT • Clean up and Disposal • FIRE PROTECTION • Reporting • Hot Work Procedures •MATERIAL HANDLING • Fire Extinguishers •THIRD PARTY SAFETY ISSUES • Site Fire Safety • Visitors and Site Orientation • FALL PROTECTION •CONTRACTORS & SUPPLIERS • Climbing for 3rd parties •PUBLIC SAFETY • Rescue from Heights •SITE SECURITY • EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS •HAZARDOUS WEATHER CONDITIONS • First Aid/CPR/AED/BBP •CONFINED SPACE •AVIAN/ ENDANGERED SPECIES
  15. 15. Do You have Appropriate Employee EHS Training & Qualification Programs? Are Employees Qualified for Work they do? • Fall Protection & Rescue • Technical Training on Equipment, O&M or Commissioning Procedures • Electrical Hazard ID & Controls (1910.269) • LOTO • First Aid/ CPR • Hot /cold weather Documented training records are Important
  16. 16. LOCK OUT / TAG OUT Wind Turbine Hazardous Energy Mechanical: Wind, Wind, Wind Rotor Lock, Drives, Gears Electrical: Generators Converter Cabinets Transformers Hydraulic Etc
  17. 17. Wind Turbine Collapse from Overspeed
  18. 18. Enclosed / Confined Spaces – Evaluate Turbines for Regulatory Compliance Possible Hazard Assessment areas • Hub Entry - Control Hazardous Energy prior to entry: (Wind), Electrical, Mechanical, Hydraulic • Atmospheric Evaluations- Blade Entry past hatch, some hubs, extensive Hot Work & Chemical use with limited ventilation • Hot Work – Fire & smoke issues, escape
  19. 19. Ergonomics, Fitness for Duty How Fit is your Workforce? • Tower Jobs Physically Demanding, 1-3 climbs/day 60-80 meter towers • Many of today’s installed turbines difficult to work on • Heavy Components, tools • Lifts into truck: 25 - 40+ # tool bags, tower rescue bag • From Truck to base of tower: Oil pump 25-30# • Torque wrench/pump: 71# • Lifts in nacelle • Many work positions cramped or awkward postures
  20. 20. Consider Developing a “Fit for Duty” Program • FFD program requires work analysis by medical professional to establish physical demands for job which are then evaluated by appropriate exam, ex: firefighter • Wind Operations Jobs are Physically Demanding. Reduces chance of injuries by being proactive in matching demands with physical capacities • Allows Employees to enjoy greater health throughout working years and into retirement • Supports Proactive Safety & Health Culture – Gives Employees Wake-up call and coaching on their health More Reasons For “Fit for Duty” Program • Good Job Descriptions & Physical Capacity Requirements assist Dr in Return to Work • ***Helps Support the Ergonomics Program • Lack of Fitness is a Significant Contributing Factor to Injuries in many Companies • Support for Ongoing Fitness
  21. 21. Wind FIRST AID & AEDs First Aid Hazard Assessment- Wind examples •Back/upper limbs sprains and strains – lifting related •Eye injuries – chemicals, particles from tool use •Heat Exhaustion, hypothermia, frostbite - weather related •Chemical burns: battery acid or strong cleaners CPETITIVE •Cuts/Abrasions: Sharp edges, tool injuries, Equip handling First Aid Plan, Important features •Speed of response & availability of FA Supplies in Towers •Because of crew makeup and typical remoteness, all field staff should be trained in First Aid/CPR/BBP •Number of companies have AEDs on site
  22. 22. Public Safety Access to Wind Plants, High Curiosity Factor create Risk for: Public Safety Vandalism Landowners /permit / access requirements may increase public safety issues Reduced Signage - Keep Out, Safety Warnings Reduced or Limited Fencing Recreational area plants increase public access: snowmobiling, 4 wheelers, motorcycles
  23. 23. Want More – AWEA Safety Committee • AWEA Wind Power Health & Safety Workshop, September 16 - 17, 2009, Snowbird, UT expecting 400 attendees by leading industry topics, experts • AWEA Health & Safety Committee provides networking, subcommittees actively looking at topics in constructions, operations, designs and standards, vendor issues • About 100 Committee members from AWEA member companies: owners, manufacturers, suppliers, consultants, contractors, other vendors involved • Michele Myers is the AWEA Health & Safety Manager • Europeans are engaging in similar activities as AWEA, similar topics
  24. 24. Everyone Goes Home Safe & We Don’t Harm the Environment Questions?????????? Thank You Contact Information: Gary LeMoine, MSPH, JD, CIH, CSP Director - Environment Health Safety Security, USA & CANADA IBERDROLA RENEWABLES 1125 NW Couch, Suite 700, Portland, OR 97209 (503) 796-7736 gary.lemoine@iberdrolausa.com
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