Teaching comprehension
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Teaching comprehension

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Teaching comprehension strategies and skills is needed for learners to become successful readers. While it is important to teach them to all emergent readers, it's extremely important to teach them ...

Teaching comprehension strategies and skills is needed for learners to become successful readers. While it is important to teach them to all emergent readers, it's extremely important to teach them explicitly to English language learners and struggling readers.

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Teaching comprehension Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Teaching Comprehension
    Zoila P. Carrion
    M. Ed
    M.A. Linguistics
    Reading Specialist
  • 2. For students to be able to understand what they read, they need to be taught comprehension strategies and skills.
    While all learners benefit from them, English language learners (ELLs) and struggling readers profit the most from being taught these strategies explicitly.
    www.mrscarrion.webs.com
  • 3. 7 steps to success
    Introduce the strategy.
    Define and explain it.
    Model it!
    Do it with your students.
    Ask them to use the strategy with a partner or in a small group.
    Ask them to use the strategy on their own.
    Repeat these steps as often as needed.
    www.mrscarrion.webs.com
  • 4. The following are the most important metacognitive strategies and skills that all learners need to master in order to become successful readers.
    Teach them relentlessly!
    Teach them even if learners don’t have enough language or decoding skills.
    www.mrscarrion.webs.com
  • 5. Cause and Effect
    why it happens
    what happens
    www.mrscarrion.webs.com
  • 6. www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    Problem and Solution
  • 7. www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    Characters and Setting
  • 8. www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    Story Structure
    End
    Middle
    Beginning
  • 9. www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    Sequence of Events
    Next
    First
    Then
    Last
  • 10. www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    Camping
    Author’s Purpose
    inform
    entertain
    persuade
  • 11. www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    Main Idea and Details
  • 12. www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    Make Predictions
    ?
  • 13. www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    Compare and Contrast
    same
    different
  • 14. www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    Inference
  • 15. www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    Drawing Conclusions
  • 16. Fantasy and Reality
    www.mrscarrion.webs.com
  • 17. Classify and Categorize
    www.mrscarrion.webs.com
  • 18. Use Illustrations
    www.mrscarrion.webs.com
  • 19. Story Structure
    www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    character
    setting
    plot
  • 20. Sequence
    www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    Events happen in a certain order.
    Last
    First
    Next
  • 21. Text Structure
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    Information is organized in a way that readers can understand and learn from the reading.
    compare
    and contrast
    describe
  • 22. Summarize
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    Tell in your own words the most important parts of what you read.
  • 23. Retell
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    Give lots of details about what you read.
    Setting
    Sequence of Events
    Characters
  • 24. Visualize
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    Create pictures in your mind about what you are reading. Use the text and your own knowledge about the topic to visualize the text.
  • 25. Generate Questions
    www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    Ask questions about what you just read.
    Who?
    When?
    What?
    How?
    Where?
    Why?
  • 26. Monitor Comprehension
    www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    Ask yourself if what you are reading makes sense. If it does not make sense, re-read it. Use illustrations and other graphics to help you.
    Oh, I see!
  • 27. Analyze the Text/Plot
    www.mrscarrion.webs.com
    Is there a problem? A hypothesis?
    What is the problem/ hypothesis?
    How did it happen? Why?
    Who is doing it?
    How will they solve the problem?