• Like
Gender Inequalities Presentation
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Gender Inequalities Presentation

  • 7,756 views
Published

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
7,756
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
105
Comments
2
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Globalization’s Effects on Labor
    Inequalities
  • 2. To determine the effects of globalization on the gender inequalities within the work force.
    Focus
  • 3. Definition:
    Globalization
    Exports
    Imports
    United States
    England
  • 4. Cultures
    United States
    China
    Mexico
  • 5. America
  • 6. Mainstream
    Developed Countries
    High concentration of females in global service sector
    Causes
    Higher education
    Increased fertility rates
  • 7. Gender Inequalities
    Median annual salary
    Men = $26,500Women = $19,500
    Women are cheaper, which increases their chances to be hired.
    Service Sector
  • 8. Gender
    Labor Force
    My Ethnography
    Inequalities
    Globalization
  • 9. Traditional Western* Gender Stereotypes (Macionis 2001)
    Feminine TraitsMasculine Traits
    -Submissive -Dominant
    -Dependent -Independent
    -Unintelligent -Intelligent
    -Emotional -Rational
    -Receptive -Assertive
    -Intuitive -Analytical
    -Weak -Strong
    -Timid -Brave
    -Content -Ambitious
    -Passive -Active
    -Cooperative -Competitive
    -Sensitive -Insensitive
    -Sex object -Sexually aggressive
    -Attractive due to physical appearance -Attractive due to achievement
    * “The West” refers generally to the cultures and peoples of Europe, North and South America, Australia and New Zealand
    This chart was used to help with the observations of my ethnography
  • 10. The Factory
    Observations in Assembly
    Men
    Hard manual labor
    Management/Supervisors
    Women
    Involved in Manual Labor
    Few management positions
    Generally Equal Wages
  • 11. The Factory
    Observations in Main Office
    Men
    Higher positions
    Salesmen were all men
    International Sales
    Contrasts with stereotype since females are more social
    Men = Assertive
    Women
    Secretarial positions
  • 12. The Bank
    Findings
    Management
    Men = Majority
    Women were present
    Had five or less individuals, which compared to men was small
    Women
    Repetitive jobs
    Folding statements, verifying CDs, etc.
  • 13. The Bank
    Findings….Continued
    Tellers
    All women
    Job requires social skills and a receptive nature, both of which are common female stereotypes.
  • 14. Conclusions
    Men and women are typically put into careers that fit the stereotypes defined by Macionis
    Therefore American culture is biased to a degree
    America culture seems to influence gender inequalities substantially more when compared to globalization
    We have been taught these biased views
  • 15. China
  • 16. Work Force
    Study by Shu, Zhu, and Zhang
    Surveyed 19,499 individuals
    Findings
    Gap of 24 percent between genders.
    This gap was present in areas that have yet to be influenced by globalization
    Chinese that were employed by foreign industries were making 34 percent more when compared to the private sector
    Conclusions
    Women are frequent employees of foreign industries
    Export-oriented industries
  • 17. Work Force
    Females
    Provide a large percentage of Chinese labor
    Occupied careers pertain to international production and commerce
    Positive of globalization
  • 18. Work Force
    Developed Countries
    China
    Globalization moves women into the industrial sector
    Approximately 80 percent of the workers that make up these factories are younger women
    Increases the overall number of women in the work force
  • 19. Industry: Wage Comparison
    Number of Yuan
  • 20. Conlcusions
    Globalization changes the status of current jobs
    Creates new jobs and thus rearranging the market
    However, higher jobs are often given to men
    Chinese culture influences gender job opportunities
    Therefore, gender inequalities can be blamed on culture
    Chinese Labor Market
  • 21. Mexico
  • 22. Labor Market
    Study
    Observing two different globalized industries in Mexico
    Tourism
    Cancun
    Global Assembly
    Cuidad Juarez
  • 23. Tourism
    Globalization
    Positives
    Encourages job opportunities for the locals
    Predominantly women
    Negatives
    Low pay
    Require few/no skills
    Available only during certain seasons
  • 24. Global Assembly
    Globalization
    Cuidad Juarez
    Provides jobs for 54 percent of the women’s labor force
    Similar positives and negatives when compared to Cancun
  • 25. Percentage of the Hispanic Female Work Force in each Sector
  • 26. Percentage of the Hispanic Male Work Force in each Sector
  • 27. Global Industries Effects
    Income
    Median income for females was only slightly higher in Cuidad Juarez when compared to Cancun
    Income inequality was lower in both cities when compared to the national average
    The number of women in the work force increased from 33.1 percent to 38 percent over 6 years
    Female’s earnings increased as well by 8.1 percent
  • 28. Globalization does influence gender inequalities, but not always negatively
    It promotes females in the labor market
    Pays higher wages for men and women
    Provides more job opportunities for both genders
    Conclusions
  • 29. Overall Results
  • 30. Increase of women in the work force
    Increase in wages
    GlobalizationPositives
    Technological advances
    Workers gain more skills
  • 31. Makes women cheap labor sources
    Younger generation replaces older because of technology
    Globalization Negatives
  • 32. Conclusions
    Globalization’s positive effects on these cultures outweighs any negative
    Inequalities were present in each culture, however these were not caused by globalization
    Culture bias was the reason for these inequalities
    Women and men are given different educational and developmental opportunities