HAND OUTS <ul><li>COURSE PACK </li></ul><ul><li>COURSE OUTLINE </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTIONAIRE </li></ul><ul><li>OPIONION P...
    INTR 301-US FOREIGN POLICY PROF JOHN STREMLAU CB 116 – 717-4381   ARE THE AMERICAN’S CRAZY WHAT SHOULD SA DO
COURSE SAFTEY TIPS <ul><li>BEWARE OF THE LECTURER IR IS NEVER VALUE FREE  </li></ul><ul><li>LECTURER HAS A PAST! </li></ul...
COURSE TOPICS <ul><li>INTRODUCTION – GLOBAL CONTEXT </li></ul><ul><li>USFP HISTORY -- DOMESTIC ROOTS </li></ul><ul><li>NAT...
COURSE READINGS <ul><li>HOW TO USE COURSE PACK </li></ul><ul><li>LIBRARY RESERVE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JENTLESON (2000) </...
ESSAYS <ul><li>AVOID PROBLEMS OF LAST TERM </li></ul><ul><li>TOPICS  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US GOAL OF PROMOTING FREEDOM? <...
DOES THE US MATTER TO SA? HOW MUCH?? <ul><li>US MILITARY 50% OF WORLD’S </li></ul><ul><li>US ECONOMY 20% OF WORLD’S </li><...
DOES SA MATTER TO US?  HOW MUCH? <ul><li>REGIONAL STRATEGIC PARTNER? </li></ul><ul><li>BIG EMERGING MARKET? </li></ul><ul>...
FOREIGN POLICY CHOICES <ul><li>SA HAS CHOICES – REAL BUT LIMITED </li></ul><ul><li>MADIBA’S CLOCK – 2:50 FOR 3:00PM  </li>...
NEW GLOBAL CONTEXT 3 BIG CHANGES  <ul><li>END OF THE COLD WAR </li></ul><ul><li>ASIANIZATION OF GLOBALIZATION </li></ul><u...
1 PARADOX OF PEACE  <ul><li>MAJOR POWERS AT PEACE </li></ul><ul><li>MOST 193 SOVEREIGN STATES AT PEACE </li></ul><ul><li>W...
2. PARADOX OF POWER <ul><li>US SOLE SUPERPOWER </li></ul><ul><li>19 GUYS WITH BOX CUTTERS TAKE DOWN WORLD TRADE CENTER 911...
3. PARADOX OF PROSPERITY  <ul><li>2004 MOST PROSPEROUS IN HISTORY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GLOBAL GROWTH UP 4% </li></ul></ul...
4. PARADOX OF PLURALISM <ul><li>SPREAD OF DEMOCRACY GOOD FOR PEACE AND US INTERESTS </li></ul><ul><li>ACCOUNTABLE GOVERNAN...
5. PARADOX OF PIETY <ul><li>ALL MAJOR RELIGIONS PREACH PEACE AND EQUALITY </li></ul><ul><li>EXTREMISM & CONFLICTS RISING <...
6. PARADOX OF PERIPHERY <ul><li>SA AT TIP OF AFRICA </li></ul><ul><li>ONE OF 5 FOR G8 – UN SEC COUNCIL? </li></ul><ul><li>...
FOREIGN POLICY CHOICES JENTLESON’s  4 P’S <ul><li>PEACE (LIBERAL INTERNATIONALISM) </li></ul><ul><li>POWER (REALISM) </li>...
ESSAY TOPICS (THINK BEFORE WRITING)   <ul><li>FREEDOM </li></ul><ul><li>MILITARY  </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA </li></ul><ul><l...
FREEDOM <ul><li>IN TENSION WITH OTHER GOALS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>POWER (COLD WAR/WAR ON TERROR) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
MILITARY TOOL <ul><li>MILITARY INSTRUMENT (THREAT-USE) </li></ul><ul><li>LAST RESORT? </li></ul><ul><li>WITH OTHER TOOLS (...
CHINA <ul><li>MY HONS THESIS  </li></ul><ul><li>US LOSS IN VIETNAM – GAINS CHINA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(IRAQ - IRAN) </li>...
COURSE READINGS  WEEK 1 <ul><li>HAASS – “THE OPPORTUNITY” </li></ul><ul><li>GADDIS – “SURPRISE” </li></ul><ul><li>NYE – “S...
US FOREIGN POLICY PRIORTIES <ul><li>IRAQ (MIDDLE EAST) </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>C...
WHO MAKES POLICY <ul><li>THE PRESIDENT </li></ul><ul><li>MEMBERS OF HIS NATIONAL SECURITY TEAM  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VICE...
WHO INFLUENCES FOREIGN POLICY <ul><li>SPECIAL INTERESTS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ECONOMIC (BUSINESS, LABOR) </li></ul></ul><u...
PREVIEW OF WEEK 2 HISTORY - DOMESTIC ROOTS <ul><li>DECLARATION INDEPENDENCE 1776 </li></ul><ul><li>AMERICAN CIVIL WAR 1860...
POWER AND LEGITIMACY <ul><li>IRAQ SHOWS LIMITS TO POWER AND IMPORTANCE OF LEGITIMACY </li></ul><ul><li>IRAQ WAR 90-91 AND ...
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Iraq 7

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Iraq 7

  1. 1. HAND OUTS <ul><li>COURSE PACK </li></ul><ul><li>COURSE OUTLINE </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTIONAIRE </li></ul><ul><li>OPIONION PIECES </li></ul>
  2. 2. INTR 301-US FOREIGN POLICY PROF JOHN STREMLAU CB 116 – 717-4381 ARE THE AMERICAN’S CRAZY WHAT SHOULD SA DO
  3. 3. COURSE SAFTEY TIPS <ul><li>BEWARE OF THE LECTURER IR IS NEVER VALUE FREE </li></ul><ul><li>LECTURER HAS A PAST! </li></ul><ul><li>US IS COMPLEX, LIKE SA -- A “UNIVERSAL NATION” </li></ul><ul><li>FOREIGN POLICY IS ABOUT INTERACTION OF PEOPLE AND IDEAS – FOR GOOD & ILL </li></ul>
  4. 4. COURSE TOPICS <ul><li>INTRODUCTION – GLOBAL CONTEXT </li></ul><ul><li>USFP HISTORY -- DOMESTIC ROOTS </li></ul><ul><li>NATIONAL SECURITY DOCTRINE </li></ul><ul><li>GLOBALIZATION – ECONOMICS </li></ul><ul><li>ROLE OF VALUES – DEMOCRACY </li></ul><ul><li>WHO MAKES USFP & HOW? </li></ul><ul><li>US AFRICA POLICY & SOUTH AFRICA </li></ul>
  5. 5. COURSE READINGS <ul><li>HOW TO USE COURSE PACK </li></ul><ul><li>LIBRARY RESERVE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JENTLESON (2000) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AMERICA AND THE WORLD (2002) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CENTRIFUGAL AMERICA (ECONOMIST SURVEY – JULY 16-22 2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>INTERNET </li></ul><ul><li>MEDIA </li></ul>
  6. 6. ESSAYS <ul><li>AVOID PROBLEMS OF LAST TERM </li></ul><ul><li>TOPICS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US GOAL OF PROMOTING FREEDOM? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US USE OF MILITARY INSTRUMENT? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US HANDLING OF CHINA? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WILL DISCUSS WEDNESDAY </li></ul>
  7. 7. DOES THE US MATTER TO SA? HOW MUCH?? <ul><li>US MILITARY 50% OF WORLD’S </li></ul><ul><li>US ECONOMY 20% OF WORLD’S </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WAL-MART $288BN – SA GDP $213BN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SA-US TRADE SURPLUS $2.9BN (US DEVELOPMENT AID TO AFRICA $2BN) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US CULTURAL INFLUENCE? </li></ul><ul><li>US SUPPLIER OF EXPERTISE? </li></ul><ul><li>US-SA’s NEPAD PARTNER? </li></ul><ul><li>US- SA’S AFRICA PEACE PARTNER? </li></ul><ul><li>US-SA’s GLOBAL PARTNER? </li></ul>
  8. 8. DOES SA MATTER TO US? HOW MUCH? <ul><li>REGIONAL STRATEGIC PARTNER? </li></ul><ul><li>BIG EMERGING MARKET? </li></ul><ul><li>DEMOCRATIC MODEL? </li></ul><ul><li>SOURCE OF VITAL MINERALS? </li></ul><ul><li>AFRICAN PEACE BUILDER? </li></ul><ul><li>PROMOTER OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND GOOD GOVERNANCE? </li></ul>
  9. 9. FOREIGN POLICY CHOICES <ul><li>SA HAS CHOICES – REAL BUT LIMITED </li></ul><ul><li>MADIBA’S CLOCK – 2:50 FOR 3:00PM </li></ul><ul><li>MADIBA’S REPRIMANDS BILL CLINTON </li></ul><ul><li>MBEKI AS ‘SLAVE TO G8’ </li></ul><ul><li>THINK ZIMBABWE – SA’s CALL </li></ul><ul><li>SA ‘WALKS ON 2 LEGS’ </li></ul><ul><li>SA’s BATS WITH INDIA, BRAZIL, CHINA </li></ul>
  10. 10. NEW GLOBAL CONTEXT 3 BIG CHANGES <ul><li>END OF THE COLD WAR </li></ul><ul><li>ASIANIZATION OF GLOBALIZATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘LIBERAL ORTHODOXY’ PREDOMINANT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SPREAD OF DEMOCRACY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“END OF HISTORY?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SA VALIDATES UNIVERSAL VALUES </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6 PARADOXES (CONTRADICTIONS) </li></ul>
  11. 11. 1 PARADOX OF PEACE <ul><li>MAJOR POWERS AT PEACE </li></ul><ul><li>MOST 193 SOVEREIGN STATES AT PEACE </li></ul><ul><li>WARS WITHIN STATES </li></ul><ul><li>INTERVENTON </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WHEN, HOW, BY WHOM </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>UN ROLE? PEACE BETWEEN NOT IN! </li></ul>
  12. 12. 2. PARADOX OF POWER <ul><li>US SOLE SUPERPOWER </li></ul><ul><li>19 GUYS WITH BOX CUTTERS TAKE DOWN WORLD TRADE CENTER 911 </li></ul><ul><li>UN SECURITY COUNCIL ON IRAQ </li></ul><ul><li>IRAQ AS COLONY OR QUAGMIRE? </li></ul><ul><li>NORTH KOREA? </li></ul><ul><li>IRAN – AXIS OF EVIL OR NEW ALLY? </li></ul><ul><li>ISSUE OF LEGITIMACY? </li></ul>
  13. 13. 3. PARADOX OF PROSPERITY <ul><li>2004 MOST PROSPEROUS IN HISTORY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GLOBAL GROWTH UP 4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>INDIA AND CHINA EMBRACE LIBERALISM </li></ul></ul><ul><li>200 RICHEST PEOPLE =2 BIL. POOR </li></ul><ul><li>AFRICA – ONLY REGION POORER </li></ul><ul><li>INEQUITIES SA MIRROR WORLD </li></ul><ul><li>SA CHALLENGES US TO BE FAIR </li></ul>
  14. 14. 4. PARADOX OF PLURALISM <ul><li>SPREAD OF DEMOCRACY GOOD FOR PEACE AND US INTERESTS </li></ul><ul><li>ACCOUNTABLE GOVERNANCE COMPLICATES FP DECISION-MAKING </li></ul><ul><li>GLOBALIZATION OF POLITICS UNDERMINES SOVEREIGNTY </li></ul><ul><li>MULTIL BATTLES FOR IRAQ </li></ul><ul><li>TERRORISTS DON’T ATTACK US POWER BUT POLITICAL RESOLVE </li></ul>
  15. 15. 5. PARADOX OF PIETY <ul><li>ALL MAJOR RELIGIONS PREACH PEACE AND EQUALITY </li></ul><ul><li>EXTREMISM & CONFLICTS RISING </li></ul><ul><li>CLASH BETWEEN OR AMONG CIVILIZATONS? </li></ul><ul><li>GOD GREATER THAN ANY RELIGION </li></ul>
  16. 16. 6. PARADOX OF PERIPHERY <ul><li>SA AT TIP OF AFRICA </li></ul><ul><li>ONE OF 5 FOR G8 – UN SEC COUNCIL? </li></ul><ul><li>INFLUENCE ON US ROOTED IN RACE? </li></ul><ul><li>MADIBA STILL MATTERS </li></ul><ul><li>GIVES DEMOCRATIC VALUES UNIVERSIAL VALUE </li></ul><ul><li>SHOWS PRINCIPLES AND PROCESS AS IMPORTANT AS RESULT </li></ul>
  17. 17. FOREIGN POLICY CHOICES JENTLESON’s 4 P’S <ul><li>PEACE (LIBERAL INTERNATIONALISM) </li></ul><ul><li>POWER (REALISM) </li></ul><ul><li>PROSPERITY (POLITICAL ECONOMY) </li></ul><ul><li>PRINCIPLES (DEMORACTIC IDEALISM) </li></ul><ul><li>US FOREIGN POLICY CONTRA-DICTIONS ROOTED IN HARD CHOICES </li></ul><ul><li>MULITIPLE THEORIES APPLY </li></ul>
  18. 18. ESSAY TOPICS (THINK BEFORE WRITING) <ul><li>FREEDOM </li></ul><ul><li>MILITARY </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>HOW HAS US FOREIGN POLCY </li></ul><ul><li>TOPIC 1 – PURSUED A KEY GOAL </li></ul><ul><li>TOPIC 2 –USED A KEY POLICY TOOL </li></ul><ul><li>TOPIC 3 –DEALT WITH KEY COUNTRY </li></ul>
  19. 19. FREEDOM <ul><li>IN TENSION WITH OTHER GOALS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>POWER (COLD WAR/WAR ON TERROR) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PROSPERITY (CHINA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PEACE (UN SANCTIONS SA – IRAQ?) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BEWARE OF HARD CASES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CHILE (ALLENDE – PINOCHET) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CUBA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PALESTINE/ISRAEL </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US POLICY TOWARD SOUTH AFRICA/AFRICA? </li></ul>
  20. 20. MILITARY TOOL <ul><li>MILITARY INSTRUMENT (THREAT-USE) </li></ul><ul><li>LAST RESORT? </li></ul><ul><li>WITH OTHER TOOLS (SANCTIONS, DIPLOMACY – QUIET/LOUD, AID/LOAN) </li></ul><ul><li>UNILATERAL/MULTILATERAL </li></ul><ul><li>LEGITIMACY </li></ul><ul><li>AFGANISTAN, IRAQ…VIETNAM, COLD WAR, WORLD WAR II, RWANDA, KOSOVO </li></ul>
  21. 21. CHINA <ul><li>MY HONS THESIS </li></ul><ul><li>US LOSS IN VIETNAM – GAINS CHINA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(IRAQ - IRAN) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1989 STUDENT UPRISING –FREEDOM </li></ul><ul><li>TRADE, INVESTMENT, US TREASURY </li></ul><ul><li>2002 – STRATEGIC RIVAL OR ALLY? </li></ul><ul><li>ASIAN REALIGNMENT – INDIA, CHINA, JAPAN, KOREA </li></ul>
  22. 22. COURSE READINGS WEEK 1 <ul><li>HAASS – “THE OPPORTUNITY” </li></ul><ul><li>GADDIS – “SURPRISE” </li></ul><ul><li>NYE – “SOFT POWER” </li></ul><ul><li>FRIEDMAN – “FLAT WORLD” </li></ul><ul><li>CIA -2020 PROJECT </li></ul><ul><li>LEGITIMACY (TUCKER & KAGAN) </li></ul><ul><li>BOOKHEISER – BUSH </li></ul><ul><li>TEXT BOOKS IN LIBRARY </li></ul>
  23. 23. US FOREIGN POLICY PRIORTIES <ul><li>IRAQ (MIDDLE EAST) </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>CANADA, MEXICO, SOUTH AMERICA </li></ul><ul><li>EUROPE (RUSSIA) </li></ul><ul><li>NON PROLIFERATION </li></ul><ul><li>TRADE </li></ul><ul><li>AFRICA </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIORNMENT </li></ul><ul><li>UNITED NATIONS </li></ul>
  24. 24. WHO MAKES POLICY <ul><li>THE PRESIDENT </li></ul><ul><li>MEMBERS OF HIS NATIONAL SECURITY TEAM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VICE-PRESIDENT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SECRETARY OF DEFENSE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SECRETARY OF STATE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DIRECTOR OF INTELLIGENCE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONGRESS </li></ul>
  25. 25. WHO INFLUENCES FOREIGN POLICY <ul><li>SPECIAL INTERESTS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ECONOMIC (BUSINESS, LABOR) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ADVOCACY GROUPS (NGOs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ETHNIC BLOCKS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OTHER GOVERNMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>MEDIA </li></ul><ul><li>PUBLIC OPINION </li></ul>
  26. 26. PREVIEW OF WEEK 2 HISTORY - DOMESTIC ROOTS <ul><li>DECLARATION INDEPENDENCE 1776 </li></ul><ul><li>AMERICAN CIVIL WAR 1860s </li></ul><ul><li>WORLD WAR I 1918 </li></ul><ul><li>ISOLATIONIMS 1920s </li></ul><ul><li>WORLD WAR II 1940s </li></ul><ul><li>ERA OF CONTAINMENT </li></ul><ul><li>WAR ON TERROR </li></ul>
  27. 27. POWER AND LEGITIMACY <ul><li>IRAQ SHOWS LIMITS TO POWER AND IMPORTANCE OF LEGITIMACY </li></ul><ul><li>IRAQ WAR 90-91 AND 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>KOSOVO 1998/99 </li></ul><ul><li>PEW SURVEYS SHOW US LOSING LEGITIMACY AROUND THE WORLD </li></ul><ul><li>UNILATERALISM VS MULTILATERALISM </li></ul><ul><li>COALITIONS OF THE WILLING (COWS) </li></ul>

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