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  • twitter related to my final paper
  • Frame to understand relation between representation and identity Since last years the rise of internet and easy-to-use software has changed the production, distribution, Perception usage of media contents. Culture= shared meanings „ Everything is mediated“ Livingstone, 2008; cf. Thompson, 1995 And users not only have the possibility to create their own culture but also their own identity.
  • cf. Askew, 2002; Thompson, 1995 And above all
  • deals with one main question: ”What are you doing?”. u do not have to allow someone follow one One-to-many communication only personal relevant publish and receive his messages via website, IRC or mobile technology. But why?
  • And to All that twitter can used for
  • Creation and extension of identity through media So you are now able to construct your own digital identity due to you have many possibilies… facebook,youtube,twitter one mouse click
  • This emerges into a new identity concept In former times understanding of identity was chracterized by persistence and unity - Nowadays: permanently change and diversity getting more important … And believe me or not: Almost everyone of us (except frederico i think) already has such a digital identity
  • Finally: Distances in space are getting closer it is digital: 1 or 0 You are in Facebook or you are not. It is that simple. The same thing with twitter: Avaiable 24 hours a day / 7 days a week -Until you delete your profile
  • “ consumers envision a liberated public sphere, free of network controls, in a decentralized media environment.“

Transcript

  • 1. Living Online http://www.slideshare.net/learningsolutions/living-online
  • 2. Youth culture , self-representation and digital identity
  • 3.
    • How are existing social formations transformed?
    • What new forms of social interaction have media technologies enabled?
    • How are conceptions of space and time altered through engaged with media?
    Main questions:
  • 4. The circle of culture cf. Hall, 1997
  • 5. How are existing social formations transformed?
      • „ Computer-based technologies enable the pro- cessing of more communication, in less time, across larger distances.“ Stalder, 2006
    „ Media technologies do not mediate between themselves and people. Rather, they mediate between people […]“ Askew, 2002
  • 6.
    • online media are especially suitable to construct and develop several identities of the self Turkle, 1998
    • the mobile phone has become a central device in the construction of young peoples individual identity Castells,Fernandez-Ardevol, Linchuan Qiu & Sey, 2006
    What new forms of social interaction have media technologies enabled?
  • 7. … using Twitter
    • For what porpuse you can use twitter?
    • Personal updates
    • Sharing links
    • Spreading ideas
    • Two levels of representation:
    • Personal events through „own“ specific language:
      • Short messages – only 140 characters
      • Messages are public
    • Constructing own images
  • 8.
    • Symbolic self-completion Wicklund & Gollwitzer, 1982
      • assumption: everyone pursuits to a definition of himself
      • until reached this self image there is tension
      • Individuals try to balancing a self-deficit
      • through symbolic things or actions
    • Impression management Mummendey, 1995
      • A reaction of a specific audience is expected and a feedback necessary
      • Aims: acceptance and sympathy & avoid of
      • refusal to encourage own self-confidence
    Possible motives for usage…
  • 9.
    • Personal Identity
      • sense of being an unique individual
    • Social Identity
      • results from being member of a group
      • In former times: nationality, race, gender, occupation,
      • sport club
      • Mediatization of the self
        • diversity of interest groups in online social networks
        • easy transition between those communities
    The modern identity concept cf. Tafjel, 1978; Turkle,1998; Utz, 2002
  • 10.
    • a person has not just one a stable and homogeneous identity
    • Identity consists of several fragments that permanently change
    • multiple, but coharent Turkle,1998
    • a live-long developing and new conceptualized patchwork Döring, 1999
    Digital Identity
  • 11.
    • Thompson, 1995; Askew 2002
    How are conceptions of space and time altered through engaged with media?
  • 12.
    • ICT enable more communication, in less time, across larger distances
    • online media are especially suitable to construct and develop several identities of the self
    • Mobile devices are very important for the youths identity
    • Twitter could be a useful tool to create and play with your own identity
    Conclusions
  • 13. Discussion
    • Do you use Twitter or the Facebook status bar?
    • Have you one or several fake online identities?
    • Twitter messages are public but are they relevant for the Public Sphere?
  • 14. References Askew, K. (2002).Introduction, in The Anthropology of media, A reader, ed. By Kelly Askew & Richard R. Wilk, Malden Ma & Oxford UK: Blackwell. Castells, M., Fernandez-Ardevol, M., Linchuan Qiu, J. & Sey, A. (2006).Mobile Communication and Society: A Global Perspective, Cambridge: MIT Press. Ginsburg, F. ( 2002). Fieldwork at the Movies: Anthropology and Media, in Exotic No More: Anthropology on the Front Lines, ed. Jeremy MacClancy, Univ. of Chicago Press, pp. 359–376. Hall, S. (1997). Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices London: SAGE Publications. Jenkins, H. (2006). Convergence Culture- Where Old and New Media Collide. New York: New York University Press.
  • 15. References Lull, J. (2007). Culture-on-Demand: Communication in a Crisis World. Boston: Blackwell Publishing. Micek, D., & Whitlock,W. (2008). Twitter Revolution: How Social Media and Mobile Marketing Is Changing the Way We Do Business & Market Online. Las Vegas: Xeno Press. Palfrey, J., & Gasser, U. (2008). Born Digital. New York: Basic Books .   Stalder, F. (2006). Manuel Castells -The Theory of the Network Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.   Tajfel, H. (1978). Differentiation between social groups. London: Academic Press. Thompson, J. (1995). The Media and Modernity: A social Theory of the Media, Stanford: University Press. Tomlinson, J. (2007). The Culture of Speed- The Coming of Immediacy. London: SAGE Publications.
  • 16. References Turkle, S. (1998). Leben im Netz. Hamburg: Rowohlt. Utz, S. (2002). Interaktion und Identität in virtuellen Gemeinschaften. In G. Bente, N. Krämer & A. Petersen (Hrsg.). Virtuelle Realitäten (S.159-180). Göttingen, Bern, Toronto, Seattle: Hogrefe. Wicklund, R.A. &Gollwitzer, P.M. (1982). Symbolic self completion. HIllsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Winter, C. (2003). Die konfliktionäre kommunikative Artikulation von Identität im Kontext der Globalisierung von Medienkulturen. In C. Winter, T. Thomas & A. Hepp (Hrsg.). Medienidentitäten – Identität im Kontext von Globalisierung und Medienkultur (S. 49- 70). Köln: Herbert von Halem. http://technology.inc.com/networking/articles/200809/twitter.html