BIOEUPARKSExploiting the potentialities of solidbiomasses in EU ParksIEE/12/994/SI2.645924Work Package 2: AWARENESS RAISING ANDDEVELOPMENT OF METHODOLOGIES FOR FACINGLOCAL CONFLICTS
Legambiente is an Italian, non-profit association created in 1980 for thesafeguard and the sound management of the environment and for thepromotion of sustainable lifestyle, production systems and use ofresources.Legambiente is the most widespread environmental organisation inItaly, with over 115.000 members and over 2million people involved involunteer activities and campaigns.The activity of Legambiente is based on the work of 1.500 local groupsand co-ordinated through 20 regional committees and a nationalheadquarter in Rome.WHO IS LEGAMBIENTE?NATIONAL HEAD OFFICE in Rome20 REGIONAL COMMITTEESLOCAL GROUPS: over 1500 between local groupsMEMBERS: over 115.000VOLUNTEERS: over a million people involved during Legambienteactivities and campaigns each yearEDITORIAL GROUP “La Nuova Ecologia” (8 magazines and 3websites)STAFF: about 150 employees including permanent and temporarystaff in the Headquarter and the Regional CommitteesNATIONAL HEAD OFFICE in Rome20 REGIONAL COMMITTEESLOCAL GROUPS: over 1500 between local groupsMEMBERS: over 115.000VOLUNTEERS: over a million people involved during Legambienteactivities and campaigns each yearEDITORIAL GROUP “La Nuova Ecologia” (8 magazines and 3websites)STAFF: about 150 employees including permanent and temporarystaff in the Headquarter and the Regional Committees
… gives prior attention to the problems deriving from environment and urbandegradation, to energy issues and the development of the renewable sourcesand to the links between economy and the environment… has a constant interest in educating people on environmental issueshas a strong commitment to the issues of nature conservation and to the policyof protected areas… has a strong involvement in international action and is active in the field ofinternational cooperation… bases their initiatives to safeguard the environment on accurate scientificdata (Scientific Environmentalism)IN ITS WORK LEGAMBIENTE…
Work Package 2: AWARENESS RAISING AND DEVELOPMENT OFMETHODOLOGIES FOR FACING LOCAL CONFLICTSWhy this action? Because the project consider inescapable and indispensable the sharing of objectives and the methodologies to be applied for implement a biomass supply chain in a certain territory with local key actors and citizens.What are the aspects that can affect the realization of the project?lack of transparency in the decision processlow involvement (and information) for localsunderestimation of social effectsenvironmental and health impactpolitical positionsdoubts on private investments on issues directly affecting citizens’ life. What are the strengths that can facilitate the realization of the project? the efficiency and sustainability of the supply biomass chainprovide all the necessary information to all stakeholderstake into account local social, environmental and economic featurescitizens participation during the decision making process and during all key stagesthe definition of guide lines (Memorandum of Understanding) which defines common shared rules and commit all stakeholders to follow these rules.
WHAT 2 Awareness Event per Nature Park, 10 in total 4 Round Tables per Nature Park, 20 Round Tables in total45 Specific Meetings for preparation of Memoranda of Understanding WHERE In each target area, meaning 5 Nature Parks involved.In each target area, meaning 5 Nature Parks involved.In each target area, meaning 5 Nature Parks involved.WHO Events will be organised and managed by Nature Parks representativesRound Tables will be organised and managed by Nature Parks representativesSpecific meetings will be organised and managed by Nature Parks representativesWHY To inform and aware locals on the main features of project.To include in an inclusive approach both the civil society and the supply chain promotersTo develop the Memoranda of UnderstandingWHEN Between 2nd and 4th month of project. Between the 4th to 8th month of projectFrom 6th to 8th month of projectDURATION half day sessions half day sessions 2/3 hours sessionsTARGET local inhabitants, local interests groups, local economic actors and local public actors.Local authorities, Public enterprises, CHP Plants and heat plants owners, Investors, Agricultural enterprises and land owners, Enterprises working in forest management and wood treatment, Transport enterprises, Environmental and citizens’ associations, Financial institutions, ExpertsLocal authorities, Public enterprises, CHP Plants and heat plants owners, Investors, Agricultural enterprises and land owners, Enterprises working in forest management and wood treatment, Transport enterprises, Environmental and citizens’ associations, Financial institutions, ExpertsTHE TOOLS OF THE PROJECT
A CASE STUDY: THE BUONCONVENTO MUNICIPALITY Where: Buonconvento is a village in Siena Province (Tuscany), about 3.300 inhabitants What: Four 999 kW biogas plant The story: After the project was presented to the municipal administration and evaluated by the Technical Office, the City Council decided that that more detailed projects and more precise documentation for the construction of biogas plants were needed. Furthermore the beginning of a heated debate led the Municipality to engage a participatory process involving local citizens and experts.
What were the concerns of the Municipality?The consequences of the plants supply which, coming fromoutside the territory, would have implications on local viability,already characterized as criticalA possible negative impact on landscape, water resources, soilproductiveness and wildlife.What were the concerns of the citizens?Healthy problems: toxic fumes, noxious emissions, pathogenicbacteria etc.The inconvenience caused by bad smells and the visual impact ofpower plants on the territoryA CASE STUDY: THE BUONCONVENTO MUNICIPALITY
Who attended?Jury formed by citizens selected at random among all Buonconventoinhabitants (50 citizens of different ages and professions, either notexperts nor necessarily interested in the subject)Guarantee Body, chaired by the Mayor of Buonconvento andcomposed of representatives from the different points of view withrespect to biogas. One of the tasks of the Body is checking that allopinions will be expressed.Experts chosen in a balanced way between "pro" and “con“The participatory methodologySending a letter and a leaflet to all citizensActivation of a dedicated web site www.biogasparliamone.itTwo workshops with "pro" and “con“ expertsA final phase during which the Jury will express its opinionA public presentation of the resultsA CASE STUDY: THE BUONCONVENTO MUNICIPALITY
The most controversial issues:What is biological in biogas?How much are the biogas incentives and how much will they cost tocitizens?How a biogas plant works?How much is the water and energy consumption?How big, in terms of surface, is a biogas plant?How much "mass" is needed to feed it?How big is the consequence on the agricultural land and what is thepotential impact on crops and landscape?What is the impact on roads and traffic?Does the plant make bad smell and noise?What goes in and what comes out from the furnace?The residual from biogas production can be harmful?What controls are made?What does a «well done biogas» mean?What are the most suitable places for a plant?A CASE STUDY: THE BUONCONVENTO MUNICIPALITY