The Rodopi Mountain RangeNational Park (RMRNP)(GREECE)Presentation by:Stavros Kechagioglou, M.Sc. Wood ΤechnologyForester at Forest Service of DramaVice President of the Management Body of RMRNPskehagio@gmail.com
The significance of RMRNP•The total area of RMRNP is 173,150 ha.•Inside RMRNP can be found all the vegetation zonesof Europe.•Almost 60% of the European species can be methere.Subalpine meadow - FalakroPicea abies - Elatia
The most productive forests of GreeceSpruce forest of Elatia Virgin Forest of FractoPreserved natural monument of Tsichla – Chaidou
Flora of RMRNP (forest species)• Pine forest• Black Pine• Spruce• Beech• Oak• Birch• Alder• Fir
Protected areas of RMRNP• Seven (7) areas integrated into Natura 2000 network• Two (2) SPA• Five (5) SCI• Two (2) Preserved Natural Monuments• Six (6) Wild life Reserves• Three (3) Biogenetic Stocks areasDam of PlatanovrysiLilium rhodopaeumLathraea rhodopaeaAmanita muscaria
Management Bodies of RMRNP and theLegal framework of ProtectionRMRNP managed by the:•Management Body of Rodopi Mountain RangeNational Park (MBRMRNP) and the•Forest Services of Drama and XanthiLegislation framework :•Council Directive 92/43/EEC•Council Directive 2009/147/ΕU•Council Directive 2009/28/ΕC•National Law 3044/2002•National Law 40379/2009
RED 2009/28/ECThe Directive 2009/28/EC :concerns the RMRNP and largelydetermines the countrys policy on Renewable Energy.The commitment by Greece to obtain specific percentagesof the total electricity production from renewable energysources has led to declaration of high interest, regardingthe generation of electricity from renewable sources,mostly hydropower.Number of applications for R.E.SOLAR ENERGYWIND ENERGYHYDRO ENERGY
RED 2009/28/EC• The above demand causes great pressure, which theRMRNP must face sustainably, with the help of theNational Legislation.• According to our experience, the best practice to befollowed, especially in the areas of Network NATURA2000, is to evaluate the regional energy potential ofdifferent forms seperately. This evaluation shouldtake into consideration the consequences on theunder protection object, so that specificenviromental protection guidelines will beformulated in the implementation of the legislation.
Management Plan - AimsConcept of the management plans: sustainablemanagement.Aims:• The protection, the environmental interpretationand conservation of:1) an abundant and significant number of speciesof wild life and their habitats,2) the biodiversity and all the natural processes thatoccur,3) the culture and the history of the area.• Public education and awareness about the harmoniccoexistence of human activity and nature.
Zones of Protection•A zone: Strict nature reserve•B zone: Nature reserve•C zone: Special management area
Timber Production•Αbout 8.000.000 € income by timberproduction.•Wood for heating energy purposes isabout 39% of the total wood volumeproduction.•Seventy (70) and activated moreforestry cooperatives in RMRNP.•About 700 employees.•Average annual timber productionabout 278.000 cubic meters.
Solid biomassAs for the area of RMRNP:• Only 2.7 % of the park is covered by agricultural areas, 12% bygraze land and almost 80% is covered by forest and forestlands. The rest area is covered by water and infrastructures.• From the forest lands only 33% are high productive forests andthe rest are low and medium productive forests.• The forest land presents a stocking of 16.000.000m3.• The annual wood yield is 40.000m3 (26.000 tons) of which the39 % of the forest annual yield is used for heating use withoutchanging the current use of wood.• We consider an annual growth of 7 m3/(ha per year) forconiferous and 3.5 for Mediterranean forests.• For agricultural areas we suppose a straw production of 2000kg/(ha per year) for the wheat and 10000 kg/(ha per year) forcorn corps.• Moreover we estimate that only 50% of the produced biomasscan be used because of technical and logistic problems.• For the biomass we consider a Lower Calorific Value of 3kWh/kg.
In order to calculate the quantity of thermal energy andelectrical energy produced, we assume that:• 0% of the biomass is used in CHP plants in associationwith ORC turbogenerators.• 80% of the biomass is used to feed up heating stovedand manually fed heating plants. We assume 50%efficiency for these systems.• 20% of the biomass is used to feed up new heatingplants – pellets and chips stoves and plants. Weassume 80% efficiency for this plants.Solid biomass