Soomaa  NP  ©  Arne Ader
Paanajärvi NP  ©   Viktor Gritsuk   CHALLENGES, EXAMPLES and many more, Payments for Ecosystem Services in Europe’s wilder...
Oulanka NP  © Kimmo Salminen Presentation outline <ul><li>introduction to PAN Parks Foundation + personal intro </li></ul>...
Wilderness is closer than you think  ...
Borjomi-Kharagauli NP  © Kote Gabrichidze „ ...about 1% of Europe’s territory ...can be called wilderness area” Ladislav M...
Paanajärvi NP  ©Viktor Gritsuk What is PAN Parks? PAN Parks works to  protect Europe’s wilderness ,  the continent’s most ...
©iStock/Graeme Purdy <ul><li>237 000 ha of wilderness </li></ul><ul><li>Wilderness momentum </li></ul><ul><li>European Par...
Network of certified PAN Parks
Archipelago NP  © Seppo Keränen The Million Project To e nsure guaranteed protection of  1 million hectares of wilderness ...
W hat  is  w ilderness? <ul><li>nature is left to develop on its own </li></ul><ul><li>native species, animals roam free <...
Fulufjallet NP  © Vitantonio Dell’Orto What is PAN Parks Wilderness? <ul><li>NO  extractive use  </li></ul><ul><li>such as...
W hat  is PAN Parks Wilderness? ...but v isitors have the opportunity to enjoy PAN Parks Wilderness! Paanajärvi NP  ©Minna...
 
Peneda-Geres NP  © Marcos Veiga Europe’s perceptive wilderness
Archipelago NP  © Janne Gröning European tendencies <ul><li>Threats and Opportunities exist parallel </li></ul><ul><li>wil...
European Wilderness Research Agenda initiated by PAN Parks
Central Balkan NP  © Evgeni Diniev Research database <ul><li>Setting up a searchable, public Wilderness Resource Bank (ana...
Payments for Ecosystem Services Majella NP  ©MNP <ul><li>TEEB report </li></ul><ul><li>introduces the PES term </li></ul><...
Archipelago NP  © Heidi Arponen Challenge 1 <ul><li>How the definition of wilderness applies to the case of indigenous / l...
Paanajärvi NP  © PNP Archives Challenge 2 We are still in a stage in Europe when we need to explain the biodiversity benef...
Hunter/ Gatherers Pre-1900 Utilitarian Natural  Regulation Ecological  Integrity 1900s-1950s 1950s-1990s Post 1990s PROTEC...
Challenge 3 Majella NP  © Bruno D’Amicis <ul><li>How to apply the PES under the current economic structure </li></ul><ul><...
Conflict between indirect (ecocentric) and direct (anthropocentric) interpretation of Ecosystem Services
Retezat NP  © Mihai Moiceanu <ul><li>Based on our current definition </li></ul><ul><li>they are linked to non-use / existe...
Retezat NP  © Mihai Moiceanu Challenge 4 <ul><li>Plenty of examples in Europe linked to direct use values but significant ...
© Gunther Desmedt
© Eki Ollila
Climate Change and Resource Efficiency © Basecamp Oulanka
A short introduction… <ul><li>PAN Village is founded as an initiative from WWF and Molecaten. </li></ul><ul><li>Mission: <...
<ul><li>We need to test and apply various valuation tools </li></ul><ul><li>assessing trade-offs between competing uses of...
<ul><li>Biodiversity haven and beyond.... </li></ul><ul><li>good examples are needed for biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>.....
Borjomi-Kharagauli NP  © Kote Gabrichidze <ul><li>Looking for good examples </li></ul><ul><li>social benefits: youth at ri...
Challenge 7 Retezat NP  ©iStock/Falk Kienas   <ul><li>mainstreaming ecosystem accounting in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>corpo...
Challenge 8 Borjomi-Kharagauli NP  © Kote Gabrichidze Promoting good European examples as role models (after finding them)!
Oulanka NP  © Kimmo Salminen Case studies <ul><li>A study to be finalised by 15 December </li></ul><ul><li>PAN Parks Touri...
Retezat NP  ©iStock/Falk Kienas   Oulanka NP  ©Hannu Hautala Communication <ul><li>More understanding is needed in Europe ...
Rila NP  © Nicolas Cegalerba How to communicate?
Whom to talk to?
How people interact with nature? Wilderness helps to re-establish the lost relation
Show (and not tell) a story!
PAN Parks works to protect Europe’s wilderness, the continent’s most undisturbed areas of nature http://panparks.org http:...
Be part of it!...
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Panparks missoula

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  • Title is flexible if you have a specific purpose BUT stick to 1 line titles if possible
  • Compared to other PAs
  • Here is a taster from our parks, enjoy this short trip through our network
  • However, there is not much left - the remaining pieces of wilderness are often threatened on a daily basis
  • Text same as slide text Raise the question whether there is wilderness in Europe at all The answer is yes
  • When we say undisturbed what do we mean?
  • ... the essential thing, however, is that ...
  • Independently
  • Compared to other PAs
  • Compared to other PAs
  • Compared to other PAs
  • We have to work with already protected improve management effectiveness, involve local communities in the management (visitor management), increase the public support (awareness raising through making visitation possible -&gt; tourism model) and create new funding opportunities for protection (in the current economic decline there are budget cuts and the gap might be filled through tourism related incomes)  
  • We create network: 1.motivate parks to work for reaching our high standards (strict criteria) and thus they improve their managament 2. This way there are areas that serve as best practice examples for other parks – spin-off effect (conferences, spreading knowledge on this)
  • No history of wilderness protection so basically we need to pave the way for the wilderness movement including raising support in Brussels as wilderness management could become an essential tool in biodiversity protection (EU targets, strategies) Of course research is always essential but we are lacking studies/research on wilderness in Europe – facilitating this is another vital task (Think-Tank, institute cooperation)
  • Communications is an essential part of our work to raise professional and public support for wilderness protection. Creating positive protection of wilderness could be the basis of successful protection In order to do this we use the parks of the network as examples of the best of Europe’s wilderness ‘ You can go there and experience wilderness yourself, earn about it in the field’
  • Compared to other PAs
  • What is actually a PAN Park? Wilderness The park as a whole has excellent managemnet techniques (2nd bulletpoint)
  • Compared to other PAs
  • Compared to other PAs
  • Thank you again Hope you are personally is going to spread our message from now on Please join our community page – facebook And sign up for our e-newsletter
  • Here is a taster from our parks, enjoy this short trip through our network
  • Panparks missoula

    1. 1. Soomaa NP © Arne Ader
    2. 2. Paanajärvi NP © Viktor Gritsuk CHALLENGES, EXAMPLES and many more, Payments for Ecosystem Services in Europe’s wilderness areas Zoltán Kun, Executive Director PAN Parks Foundation
    3. 3. Oulanka NP © Kimmo Salminen Presentation outline <ul><li>introduction to PAN Parks Foundation + personal intro </li></ul><ul><li>situation and tendencies in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>the European case of Ecosystem Services linked to wilderness </li></ul><ul><li>questions about how to go forward </li></ul><ul><li>ALL IMAGES from EUROPE </li></ul>
    4. 4. Wilderness is closer than you think ...
    5. 5. Borjomi-Kharagauli NP © Kote Gabrichidze „ ...about 1% of Europe’s territory ...can be called wilderness area” Ladislav Miko, EC DG Environment Wilderness is a scarce resource in Europe! W ilderness in Europe
    6. 6. Paanajärvi NP ©Viktor Gritsuk What is PAN Parks? PAN Parks works to protect Europe’s wilderness , the continent’s most undisturbed areas of natur e
    7. 7. ©iStock/Graeme Purdy <ul><li>237 000 ha of wilderness </li></ul><ul><li>Wilderness momentum </li></ul><ul><li>European Parliament’s special report on wilderness </li></ul><ul><li>European Commission- ‘Agenda for Wilderness’ </li></ul><ul><li>Wilderness in Biodiversity Strategy </li></ul>W hat we have achieved so far
    8. 8. Network of certified PAN Parks
    9. 9. Archipelago NP © Seppo Keränen The Million Project To e nsure guaranteed protection of 1 million hectares of wilderness in Europe by 2015
    10. 10. W hat is w ilderness? <ul><li>nature is left to develop on its own </li></ul><ul><li>native species, animals roam free </li></ul><ul><li>no human intervention </li></ul>Oulanka NP ©Hannu Hautala
    11. 11. Fulufjallet NP © Vitantonio Dell’Orto What is PAN Parks Wilderness? <ul><li>NO extractive use </li></ul><ul><li>such as </li></ul><ul><li>hunting </li></ul><ul><li>fishing </li></ul><ul><li>mining </li></ul><ul><li>l ogging </li></ul><ul><li>grazing </li></ul><ul><li>grass cutting </li></ul><ul><li>road and building construction </li></ul><ul><li>is allowed in PAN Parks wilderness </li></ul>
    12. 12. W hat is PAN Parks Wilderness? ...but v isitors have the opportunity to enjoy PAN Parks Wilderness! Paanajärvi NP ©Minna Koramo
    13. 14. Peneda-Geres NP © Marcos Veiga Europe’s perceptive wilderness
    14. 15. Archipelago NP © Janne Gröning European tendencies <ul><li>Threats and Opportunities exist parallel </li></ul><ul><li>wilderness comes up on the agenda (catch phrase?) </li></ul><ul><li>land abandonment provides opportunity to restore </li></ul><ul><li>wilderness disappears </li></ul><ul><li>restoration is more attractive than protection of existing areas! </li></ul>
    15. 16. European Wilderness Research Agenda initiated by PAN Parks
    16. 17. Central Balkan NP © Evgeni Diniev Research database <ul><li>Setting up a searchable, public Wilderness Resource Bank (analogy to Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute website) </li></ul><ul><li>top 3: PA management, ecosystems, species conservation </li></ul><ul><li>down 3: climate change, ecosystem services, financing wilderness protection </li></ul>
    17. 18. Payments for Ecosystem Services Majella NP ©MNP <ul><li>TEEB report </li></ul><ul><li>introduces the PES term </li></ul><ul><li>PES can be an opportunity to raise additional resources and explain the real values of wilderness beyond biodiversity </li></ul>
    18. 19. Archipelago NP © Heidi Arponen Challenge 1 <ul><li>How the definition of wilderness applies to the case of indigenous / local needs (is it an excuse in Europe?) </li></ul><ul><li>Example 1: Nordic countries </li></ul><ul><li>Example 2: Peneda-Geres, Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Example 3: Retezat, Romania </li></ul>
    19. 20. Paanajärvi NP © PNP Archives Challenge 2 We are still in a stage in Europe when we need to explain the biodiversity benefits of wilderness
    20. 21. Hunter/ Gatherers Pre-1900 Utilitarian Natural Regulation Ecological Integrity 1900s-1950s 1950s-1990s Post 1990s PROTECTED AREA ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT PHILOSOPHY
    21. 22. Challenge 3 Majella NP © Bruno D’Amicis <ul><li>How to apply the PES under the current economic structure </li></ul><ul><li>Example of shorting on biodiversity loss! </li></ul>
    22. 23. Conflict between indirect (ecocentric) and direct (anthropocentric) interpretation of Ecosystem Services
    23. 24. Retezat NP © Mihai Moiceanu <ul><li>Based on our current definition </li></ul><ul><li>they are linked to non-use / existence / bequest values </li></ul><ul><li>re: challenge with the definition! How much are we willing to make a compromise? </li></ul>Classification of Ecosystem Services
    24. 25. Retezat NP © Mihai Moiceanu Challenge 4 <ul><li>Plenty of examples in Europe linked to direct use values but significant lack of role models for paying for indirect or non-extrective values </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: 1. economic valuation of Tatra and Slovensky raj National Parks 2. our Tourism Model </li></ul>
    25. 26. © Gunther Desmedt
    26. 27. © Eki Ollila
    27. 28. Climate Change and Resource Efficiency © Basecamp Oulanka
    28. 29. A short introduction… <ul><li>PAN Village is founded as an initiative from WWF and Molecaten. </li></ul><ul><li>Mission: </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a balance between wilderness conservation and tourism in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Offering tourist accommodations and nature activities in or close to wilderness areas </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulating local economy </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting the PAN Parks Foundation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(joint) promotion of wilderness areas in Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>financial support for wilderness conservation </li></ul></ul>
    29. 30. <ul><li>We need to test and apply various valuation tools </li></ul><ul><li>assessing trade-offs between competing uses of ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>restoration vs cost of in-action </li></ul><ul><li>transboundary services </li></ul>Central Balkan NP ©CBNP Challenge 5
    30. 31. <ul><li>Biodiversity haven and beyond.... </li></ul><ul><li>good examples are needed for biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>...social benefits </li></ul><ul><li>...economic benefits </li></ul>Oulanka NP ©Michael Hennemann Defining the role of wilderness
    31. 32. Borjomi-Kharagauli NP © Kote Gabrichidze <ul><li>Looking for good examples </li></ul><ul><li>social benefits: youth at risk projects </li></ul><ul><li>economic benefits: failure to mobilise the corporate sector </li></ul><ul><li>tax pressure in Europe! </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Nokia in Finland </li></ul><ul><li>Example: pasta factory in Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Sofia vs Rila NP </li></ul>Challenge 6 (re. challenge 2 biodiversity)
    32. 33. Challenge 7 Retezat NP ©iStock/Falk Kienas <ul><li>mainstreaming ecosystem accounting in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>corporate projects to enhance biodiversity protection (how relevant they are for wilderness?) </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Audi in Györ </li></ul>
    33. 34. Challenge 8 Borjomi-Kharagauli NP © Kote Gabrichidze Promoting good European examples as role models (after finding them)!
    34. 35. Oulanka NP © Kimmo Salminen Case studies <ul><li>A study to be finalised by 15 December </li></ul><ul><li>PAN Parks Tourism Model </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>Flood mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon market </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity market </li></ul>
    35. 36. Retezat NP ©iStock/Falk Kienas Oulanka NP ©Hannu Hautala Communication <ul><li>More understanding is needed in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>different target groups (youth!) </li></ul><ul><li>evidences needed </li></ul>
    36. 37. Rila NP © Nicolas Cegalerba How to communicate?
    37. 38. Whom to talk to?
    38. 39. How people interact with nature? Wilderness helps to re-establish the lost relation
    39. 40. Show (and not tell) a story!
    40. 41. PAN Parks works to protect Europe’s wilderness, the continent’s most undisturbed areas of nature http://panparks.org http://facebook.com/panparks http://panparks.org/user/register http://linkedin.com/panparksgroup http://youtube.com/user/PANParks http://storiesofwilderness.panparks.org http://mymillionproject.ning.com [email_address]
    41. 42. Be part of it!...
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