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The civil war

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  • 1. The U.S. Civil War
  • 2. Stephen Arnold Douglas In 1854 Illinois Senator Stephen A. Douglas pushed the Kansas- Nebraska Act through the United States Congress. The act said that residents of the two territories should decide for themselves whether slavery should be legal.
  • 3. President Lincoln Soon after Abraham Lincolns election as president of the United States, seven Southern states seceded from the Union because they feared that Lincoln would abolish slavery. Four more states had followed by the time Lincoln delivered his first inaugural address on March 4, 1861.
  • 4. U.S. in 1861 before Civil War
  • 5. Civil War Begins South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union on December 20, 1860. It was also the site of the first battle of the American Civil War. On April 12, 1861, Confederate artillery shelled Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor.
  • 6. Jefferson Davis During the American Civil War (1861-1865), Jefferson Davis served as the president of the Confederate States of America. Davis was a pro-slavery advocate who initially opposed secession. However, when his state withdrew from the Union, he resigned from the U.S. Senate to support the South.
  • 7. Giant Mobile Mortar Confederate troops pose with a giant flatcar-mounted mortar. Railroads greatly increased the ability of both sides to transport troops, supplies, and weapons during the American Civil War (1861-1865).
  • 8. Confederate Currency The Confederate States of America issued its own paper currency throughout the American Civil War (1861-1865). Shown here are Confederate bills ranging in value from 5 to 100 dollars.
  • 9. Stonewall Jackson One of the most famous generals of the American Civil War (1861-1865), Thomas Jonathan Jackson served under Confederate General Robert E. Lee. During the First Battle of Bull Run, or Manassas, Jackson’s brigade was victorious though it faced overwhelming odds.
  • 10. Robert E. Lee Robert E. Lee was a brilliant general who commanded the Confederate Army during the American Civil War (1861-1865). He was known for his leadership, dignity, and calm manner, even in times of stress.
  • 11. Monitor and Virginia Ironclad ships Monitor and Virginia fire cannonades at one another at point-blank range during the historic battle of Hampton Roads in March, 1862. The Union Monitor was smaller and lighter than its Confederate counterpart. The battle was considered a draw.
  • 12. Union Battery near Yorktown, Virginia Union General George B. McClellan occupied Yorktown, Virginia, in May 1862. Northern forces built batteries and earthworks such as the one pictured here to protect their armies. McClellan used the Yorktown area to prepare a planned march on Richmond, the Confederate capital.
  • 13. Abraham Lincoln at Antietam After the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln visited Union commanders on the battlefield. The battle marked the bloodiest one-day battle of the American Civil War— casualties from both sides mounted to about 23,000. In the end, however, the Union army emerged victorious.
  • 14. George Brinton McClellan A brilliant strategist, organizer, and trainer of troops during the American Civil War (1861-1865), General George McClellan was praised as a “young Napoleon.” However, his timidity on the battlefield caused President Abraham Lincoln to replace him as leader of the Union forces.
  • 15. Union Casualties at Gettysburg During the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg began on July 1, 1863, when a Confederate brigade searching for a badly needed supply of shoes in the small town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, ran into Union cavalry. After the three days of battle were over, Union forces claimed victory, although both sides suffered heavy casualties.
  • 16. Union General Ulysses S. Grant During the American Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant was one of the Union Army’s most successful generals. President Abraham Lincoln selected Grant to lead the Union forces on March 9, 1864, following a string of unsuccessful commanders.
  • 17. Atlanta in the American Civil War This photograph depicts Atlanta’s Peachtree Street after the Union army under General William Sherman took the city on September 2, 1864, during the American Civil War. Sherman burned the city two months later before embarking on his march to the sea.
  • 18. American Civil War Destruction In 1864, during the American Civil War, Union troops led by General William T. Sherman captured Atlanta, Georgia. From there, Sherman split his forces and marched them in a parallel route southeast to the Atlantic Ocean and then through South Carolina. Along the way, Sherman’s troops destroyed everything in their path, including civilian property that could be of use to the Confederates.
  • 19. William Tecumseh Sherman One of the Union’s best generals during the American Civil War (1861-1865), William T. Sherman marched an army through the South, destroying the last of the South’s economic resources. Because he waged an economic war against civilians, he has been called the first modern general.
  • 20. Siege of Petersburg In 1864, Northern troops tried to capture Petersburg, Virginia, during the American Civil War. After being defeated in battle, they surrounded the city, blocking food and supplies from entering. Almost a year later, the city surrendered in April 1865. Here, Northern soldiers sit in the trenches surrounding Petersburg.
  • 21. Andersonville Prison, Georgia Prisoners of war of both sides suffered greatly. In the Confederate prison at Andersonville, more than 13,700 Union soldiers died of starvation and disease out of almost 50,000 men.
  • 22. Company E: 4th U.S. Colored Infantry Virtually all black soldiers fought on the side of the Union during the American Civil War (1861-1865). They served in segregated all-black units, like the one pictured here, and fought in nearly 500 engagements.
  • 23. Surrender at Appomattox Court House On April 9, both generals met at a private home in the small town of Appomattox Court House. Grant offered generous terms, which Lee graciously accepted. With that, the American Civil War ended.
  • 24. Assassination of Abraham Lincoln President Abraham Lincoln was shot in Ford’s Theater, Washington DC, on April 14, 1865 by John Wilkes Booth, a Southern sympathizer. Lincoln was taken to a boarding house across the street. Doctors worked on him throughout the night but Lincoln died the next morning.