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Happed (2)
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Happed (2)

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Transcript

  • 1. Happed
  • 2. Happed on ained, mis annavad lahusesse vesinikioone.
    Happed koosnevad:
    • vesinikioonidest
    • 3. happeanioonidest
    Happeaniooni laeng võrdub vesiniku aatomite arvuga happe molekulis.
  • 4. Hapete liigitus
    Hapete liigitamine vesiniku aatomite arvu järgi:
    • Üheprootonilised happed (HCl)
    • 5. Mitmeprootonilised happed (H2SO4)
  • Hapete liigitus
    Hapete liigitamine hapniku sisalduse järgi:
    • Hapnikhapped (HNO3)
    • 6. Hapnikku mittesisaldavad happed (H2S)
  • Hapete liigitus
    Hapete liigitamine tugevuse järgi:
    • Tugevad happed (HNO3, H2SO4)
    • 7. Nõrgad happed (H2S, H2CO3)