Comparative and superlative of adjectives
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Comparative and superlative of adjectives






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    Comparative and superlative of adjectives Comparative and superlative of adjectives Presentation Transcript

    • Mrs. FB Kh The Comparative And Superlative Of Adjectives
    • What is an adjective
    • There are two types of adjectives Regular adjectives Irregular adjectives
    • Regular adjectives are divided into two groups Short adjectives Contain One syllable Long adjectives Contain two or more syllables
    • What is a syllable A syllable is the sound of a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) that is created when pronouncing a word. The number of times that you hear the sound of a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) is equal to the number of syllables the word has.
    • big fast One syllable One syllable One vowel sound /i/ One vowel sound /æ/ modern /Ↄ/ /ə / Two syllables happy /æ/ /i/ Two syllables important horrible /Ↄ/ /ə / /Ↄ/ /ə / /ə / /i/ Three syllables Three
    • Making Comparisonsof There are two forms comparisons The comparative The superlative
    • There are three forms of the comparative The The The comparativ comparativ comparative of e of e of superiority inferiority equality Less….. than as……… as than more … than
    • The Comparative of Superiority Is used to compare between two items: people, animals, places or objects to say that one item has a LARGER amount of quality than the other
    • The Comparativ e of Short Adjectives
    • For 1-syllable adjectives, JUST add “er” to the Joe Tom end. oe is a smart J boy. BUT Tom is smarter than Joe.
    • Adjective Comparative Clean Cleaner New Newer Cheap Cheaper Tall Taller
    • If the 1-syllable adjective ends with the letter “e,” JUST add “r” to the end. Examples: nice------ nicer / wise----wiser Algeria is larger than Egypt.
    • If the 1-syllable adjective has a C-V-C pattern, consonant vowel consonant Double the consonant and add “er.”  July is hotter than June.
    • For adjectives with two syllables, ending in – y, DROP the “y” and add “ier.” pretty--Who is prettier prettier Aishwaria Rai or Katrina
    • Adjective Comparative Happy Happier Funny Funnier Dirty Dirtier Healthy Healthier
    • The Comparative of Long Adjectives
    • For adjectives that are 2 or more syllables, use “ more ” + the adjective to make the comparative form. Example: Adjective--comfortable How many syllables m (p)fə(rtək ə that it ə contain? 1 b2 l 3 4 Travelling by plane is more comfortable than travelling by
    • Adjective Comparative Valauble more valuable Beautiful more beautiful Expensive more expensive Active more active Famous more famous
    • The Comparative of Irregular Adjectives
    • Irregular Comparatives Good is an irregular adjective. In the comparative form, it changes into BETTER Sarah’s grades are better than Mark’s
    • Adjectives Comparatives Good Bad Far Old Much Better Worse Farther / further Older/ elder More ( uncountable nouns) Many More (countable nouns)
    • The Superlative of Adjectives
    • The superlative is used to compare one item to more than two items: (people, animals, places or objects) to say that one item has the largest amount of quality than all the other items.
    • The Superlative of Short Adjectives
    • For a one-syllable word, add the suffix –est to the word Long-the longest / Sweet- the sweetest Cool- the coolest / Rich- the richest Smart- the smartest Often times it is necessary to double the final consonant. Big – the biggest Hot- the hottest Fat- the fattest
    • If the one syllable word ends with an “e” you only need to add an Fine- the finest Nice- the nicest Simple- the simplest st . If a two-syllable word ends with a “y” then change the “y” into “i” and add -est. Funny- the funniest Happy-the happiest
    • The Superlative of Long Adjectives
    • Words that contain two or three syllables are preceded by the word most Beautiful- the most beautiful Famous- the most famous Dangerous- the most dangerous The peacock is the most beautiful bird in the world.
    • The Superlative of Irregular Adjectives
    • Messi is Ronaldo is better better than them than all. Ribery. He is the best. Ribery is a good footballer.
    • There are some adjectives that have irregular forms meaning that the superlative can’t be formed by adding the suffix -est or by using the word most . Good----------- the best Bad----------------the worst Far-----the farthest / the furthest Old-----the oldest / the eldest