UAV History• Early UAV developed during WW1 – Cruise missile named, “The Bug”• Redesigned by Germans in WW2 – V-1 Buzz Bomb• Modernized with GPS
UAV Advantages• No pilot = Less diplomatic endangerment – Francis Gary Powers’ crash caused political tension
UAV Advantages• No pilot = Lives saved – Gen. Mohammed Farah Aidid prevented lives lost in Bosnia
UAV Advantages• Fraction of manned aircraft, production and maintenance costs – Eliminates pilot costs
UAV Advantages• No human factor = increased performance – Flight endurance – Maneuverability limited by design, not pilot
Why use human pilots? Missions aren’t always straight forward
Important Pilot Qualities•Adaptability •Intuitiveness
Adaptability• Capt. Ron Garan changed mission objective to adapt to circumstances
Intuitiveness• Capt. Landis Cook prevented friendly fire on allied tanks
What’s Next? Autonomy“The unmanned system’s own ability of sensing, perceiving, analyzing,communicating, planning, decision-making, and acting, to achieve its goalsas assigned by its human operator(s) through designed human-robotinteractions”–ALFUS Working Group
Bibliography• Army Unmanned Aircraft System Operations. 2008. PDF file. This document is in pdf form. The file is a document created by the Department of the Army Headquarters covering all elements of unmanned aircraft systems used in the military as of 2008.I found the information helpful as an overview all unmanned system elements. The information is reliable due to its origin of creation.• Dept. of Defense. Unmanned Systems Roadmap 2007=2032. Federation of American Scientists. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2012. <http://www.fas.org/irp/ program/collect/usroadmap2007.pdf>. This is a pdf document of a Deparment of Defense publication addressing the future plans of unmanned aircraft systems from the year 2007-2032. The document helped me understand the militarys future plans relating to unmanned systems.• Nolan, Robert. The Pilotless Air Force? A Look at Replacing Human Operatiors with Advanced Technology. 1997. PDF file. This report was in a pdf format. It gave me information on the history of unmanned aircraft systems and how they compare to human piloted aircraft.The source was very useful and its reliable because of its direct connection to the Air Command and Staff College.The age of the information does limit its usefulness mainly to past events.
Bibliography cont.• Phillips, Adrian. "A Secure Group Communication Architecture for a Swarm of Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles." MS thesis. Air Force Institute of Technology, 2008. PDF file. This thesis was in the form of a pdf. The information gave me specific information on the topic of unmanned system autonomy. Because of the origin of the paper, the information is highly reliable.The age of the information does not affect its reliability.
Image Citation• Sitting in cockpit. 28 May 2008. Personal photograph by author.• Standing infront of F-22 Raptor. 17 July 2011. Personal photograph by author.• Standing next to Predator. 17 July 2011. Personal photograph by author.• UAV Swarm. N.d. New Scientist. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2012. <http://www.newscientist.com/blog/invention/uploaded_images/ swarm-720004.jpg>.• Francis Gary Powers. N.d. European American Evangelistic Crusades. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2012. <http://www.eaec.org/newsletters/2004/ NL2004Feb.htm>.• Hal 9000. N.d. Netbrawl. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2012. <http://www.netbrawl.com/matchup.php?mid=11131&bracketid=497>.• I, Robot,VIKI. N.d. Review JPEG Warehouse 6. Tripod, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2012. <http://reviewsjpegs6.tripod.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/ V.I.K.I.jpg>.