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UNDERSTANDING PAST TENSES By Group 2 1. DINA NOFIRNA 2. SUCI RAHMADANI 3. OSNA MARIA 4. NELVIRA AURRIA
Past Tense The simple past tense is used to talk abouta completed action or state that occurred in thepast. Past tense is used to express an old worldaction that happened.
We use the past tense to talk about : Something that happened once in the pastExample : 1. I met my wife in 1983. 2. We went to Spain for our holidays. 3. They got home very late last night. Something that happened again and again in the pastExample : 1. When I was a boy, I walked a mile to school everyday. 2. We swam a lot while we were on holiday. 3. They always enjoyed visiting their friends.
For more on these questions see question formsWe use didn’t (did not) to make negatives with the past tense.Example : 1. They didn’t go to Spain this year. 2. We didn’t get home until very late last night. 3. I didn’t see you yesterday. For an action done repeatedly, habitually or at regular times in thepastExample : 1. We saw the movie Titanic several times at thecinema. 2. Brian was always a heavy drinker in the old days. 3. He phoned his mother every Sunday until her death. For telling Situation in the past
Something that was true for some time in the pastExample : 1. I lived abroad for ten years. 2. He enjoyed being a student. 3. She played a lot of tennis when she wasyounger. We often use phrases with ago with the past tenseExample : 1. I met my wife a long time ago. 2. Suci watched television three days ago. 3. Vira played Barbie doll with her friends fewweeks ago.
Regular and irregular verbs We form the simple past tense of most verbsby adding –ed to the verb. These verbs are calledregular verbs. Most verbs are regular verbs. The simple past tense of some verbs doesnot end in –ed. These verbs are the irregularverbs.The simple past tense irregular verbs can only beused in the positive, not negative.
Adverb of Time in PastTense Just Now This Morning 3 Days Ago Yesterday 2 Months Ago This Afternoon Last Year Last Week Yesterday Morning Today An Hour Ago Last Month Last Sunday Last Night
Past Continuous Tense This tenses is used to express an actionwhich is happened in past time. and at the sametime happened other action. This Tenseemphasize is the happening of the action not itshave. The past continuous is formed from the pasttense of be with the -ing form of the verb.
We use the past continuous to talk about the past : Duration in the pastExample :I was watching TV yesterday in the evening.She was sleeping on the couch.The dog was barking. to show that something continued for some timeExample : 1. My head was aching. 2. Everyone was shouting.
For something that was happening again and againExample :I was practising every day, three times a day.They were meeting secretly after school.They were always quarrelling. with verbs which show change or growthExample :The children were growing up quickly.Her English was improving.My hair was going grey.The town was changing quickly.
Actions in progress at the same timeExample :I was singing when she was cooking.My mother was watching TV while my friends came to myhouse.
To form a sentence in the Past Continuous, you need :1. Auxiliary verb "to be" The past form of the auxiliary verb "to be" is :For the first and third person singular : "was"For all others : "were"Example : 1. She was always coming late for dinner. 2. You were always coming late for dinner.2. The Present Participle The present participle is of a verb is a verb form that appearswith present tenses. The present participle is formed by adding -ing tothe verb.talk + ing = talkingbe + ing = being
Adverb of timeAdverb of time that we use in the past continuous tense : All of time in the past tense At 4 o’clock …when… All day yesterday …while… … as …When (follow simple past tense)While (follow past continuous tense)
Simple past tense + while + past continuous tenseExample : Rina came to my house while I was helping my brother Simple Past Tense Past continuous tenseWhile + Past continuous tense + Simple past tenseExample : While we were watching TV, someone knocked the door. Past continuous tense Simple past tenseWhile + Past Continuous Tense + Past Continuous TenseExample : While my brother was sleeping, my father was reading a magazine Past Continuous Tense Past Continuous TenseWhen + Simple Past Tense + Past Continuous TenseExample : When my father came home, we were studying in the living room. Simple Past Tense Past Continuous TensePast Continuous Tense + When + Simple Past TenseExample : She was reading a magazine when the phone rang. Past Continuous Tense Simple Past Tense
Past Perfect Tense It is the same with Past Continuos Tense norselfsupporting as simple sentence but have to provide withPast Tense sentence. this used to express an action whichhave been done in past time. The past perfect is used inthe same way as the present perfect, but it refers to a timein the past, not the present.
We use the past perfect tense : For something that started in the past and continued up to a given time inthe pastExample :When George died he and Anne had been married for nearly fifty years.She didn’t want to move. She had lived in Liverpool all her life. For something that happened in the past but is important at the time ofreportingExample :I couldn’t get into the house. I had lost my keys.Teresa wasn’t at home. She had gone shopping.
We use the past perfect to talk about the past inconditions, hypotheses and wishesExample :I would have helped him if he had asked.It was very dangerous. What if you had got lost?I wish I hadn’t spent so much money last month.
FormTo form a sentence in the Past Perfect, what you need is :1. Auxiliary verb "to have" The past form of the auxiliary verb "to have" is "had":Example : Mary had finished her homework before Mike camehome.2. The Past Participle The past participle of a verb is a verb form that appearswith the perfect tenses. The past participle can be either regularor irregular verb.
Adverb of TimeAdverb of time that we use in the past perfect tense :For …as soon as…. Since Until …before… …after….Example :The student had gotten a verbal warning before his parents called.I came to the party after he had invited me.
Past Perfect Continuous Tense Past perfect tense continuous tenseemphasizes the duration of an activity that was inprogress before another activity or time in the past.
We use the past perfect continuous to : look back at a situation in progressExample :It was a good time to invest. Inflation had been falling for several months.Before I changed jobs, I had been working on a plan to reduce production costs.We had been thinking about buying a new house but then we decided to stayhere. to say what had been happening before something else happenedExample :It had been snowing for a while before we left.We had been playing tennis for only a few minutes when it started raining.He was out of breath when he arrived because he had been running.
When reporting things said in the pastExample :She said she had been trying to call me all day.They said they had been shopping.I told you I had been looking for some new clothes. to show cause of an action or situation in the pastExample :John was in a detention because he had been misbehaving.The road was wet because it had been raining.I had to go on a diet because I had been eating too much sugar.Jessica got sunburnt because she had been lying in the sun too long.
Describe duration of a past actionExample :The boys had been quarreling for half an hour when we arrived home.I had been dating Angelina for 3 years before we got married.
QuestionsFill in the blank with the correct answer !1. I ... (play) football with my friends yesterday.2. They ... not smoke) while we were drinking just now.3. She ... (read) a novel at library last week.4. I ... (sleep) when my friend came to my house yesterday.5. Male students ... ( not play) around ... (when / while) female ones were chitchatting.6. My car … (break down) five times before I decided to sell it.7. Via ... (travel) around in Bali before she got married last month.8. When they came to lamongan in 1981, they …. (play) badminton.9. Lia ….. (walk) alone for 10 minutes.10. Farmers in Jati Bali…. (grow) rice crops before I came to this village in 1985.
Key Answers1. I played football with my friends yesterday.2. They were not smoking while we were drinking just now.3. She read a novel at library last week.4. I was sleeping when my friend came to my house yesterday.5. Male students were not playing around while female ones were chitchatting.6. My car had broken down five times before I decided to sell it.7. Via had traveled around in Bali before she got married last month.8. When they came to lamongan in 1981, they had been playing badminton.9. Lia had been walking alone for 10 minutes.10. Farmers in Jati Bali had grown rice crops before I came to this village in 1985.
BiographyDani K. 2002. Tenses 16 Bentuk Waktu. Surabaya : Putra HarsaGusriani. 2008/2009. Hand Out Bahasa Inggris Kelas XJohanna, dkk. 2007. Pendidikan bahasa Inggris. Jakarta : UThttp://www.myenglishgrammar.com/simple-past-tense.html (accessed on 3 October 2012)http://www.englishtenses.com/tenses/past_continuous (accessed on 3 October 2012)http://www.englishtenses.com/tenses/past_perfect (accessed on 3 October 2012)http://www.englishtenses.com/tenses/past_perfect_continuous#use1 (accessed on 3 October 2012)