The automotive industry rightly prides itself on being recognized as the �mother of all industries.� In its folds it carries many different kinds of vehicles to provide mobility to people and goods. While they may appear to be simple machines, their design and manufacturing have much deeper roots in all the known technologies. In-depth knowledge and skillful application of mechanical, electrical, electronics, chemical and a host of other technologies culminate in achievement and improvement of the manufacturing base of a country, by focusing on a single product the automobile. This then provides an opportunity to produce a large number of goods and services for consumption of the entire international community. Use of the word �mother� for automotive industry is therefore the most appropriate description to define the nature and importance of the industry.
The Automobile industry has been an active and growing field in Pakistan for a long time, however not as much established to figure in the prominent list of the top automotive industries. Pakistan has a large range of motorbikes which are used throughout the whole of the country for terms of transportation. In the past, there have been talks about expanding the industry however nothing has been heard till now. Cars are imported to the country in large figures from Japan and people buy mostly manual cars rather than automatic.
Licensed by the Ministry of Commerce, Government of Pakistan under the Trade Organizations Ordinance 2006 and registered under the Companies Act 1913 as a company with limited liability . Licensed by the Ministry of Commerce, Government of Pakistan under the Trade Organizations Ordinance 2006 and registered under the Companies Act 1913 as a company with limited liability .
Pak Suzuki Motor Company Ltd. 2. Indus Motor Company Ltd. 3. Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Ltd. 4. Dewan Farooque Motors Ltd. 5. Sigma Motors (Pvt) Ltd. 6. Hinopak Motors Ltd. 7. Ghandhara Nissan Ltd 8. Sind Engineering Ltd. 9. Ghandhara Industries Ltd. 10. Master Motor Corporation Ltd. 11. Millat Tractors Ltd. 12. Dewan Automotive Engineering Ltd. 13. Atlas Honda Ltd. 14. DYL Motorcycles Ltd. 15. Suzuki Motorcycles Pakistan Ltd. 16. Pakistan Cycle Industrial Cooperative Society Ltd. 17. PLUM Qingqi Motors Ltd. 18. FATEH Motors LTD. 19. HKF Engineering Pvt. Ltd. 20. Sazgar Engineering Works Ltd
Cars and jeeps of 1800-cc engine capacity and above are mostly luxury vehicles, which are liable to duty @ 90 percent. In order to discourage the import of these vehicles, duty rates have been increased from 90 percent to 100 percentFixed duty/tax rates on old and used cars/jeeps notified
Pakistan has export potential due to its geographical position.
With Japanese manufacturers producing very affordable, reliable, and popular cars throughout the 1990s, Japan became the largest car producing nation in the world in 2000Japanese automotive manufacturers include Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Suzuki, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Subaru, Isuzu, Kawasaki, Yamaha and Mitsuoka . They are very well-recognized names throughout the world, with a well-established advanced and efficient industry that produces many high-quality vehicles for the global market.
Automobile Industry(Significance) One of the most important industries of the world. Effects both economy and culture. Provides Jobs to millions of people. Generates billions of dollars in worldwide revenues. Supports other Industries. Revolutionized the mode of transportation.
Significance (cont.) Automobiles enabled people and goods to travel farther and faster. Provides an opportunity to produce a large number of goods and services. So, “Mother Of All Industries” is the most appropriate description to define its importance.
Pakistan Automotive Manufacturers Association (PAMA) Licensed by the Ministry of Commerce, Government of Pakistan under the Trade Organizations Ordinance 2006. Chairperson “Ali Habib”. Objectives: Promote progressive manufacture of automotive vehicles in the country. Regulate the import/export of motor vehicles.
Pakistan’s Automotive Companies(PAMA’s members) List of automotive companies and products: Pak Suzuki Motor Company Ltd. Cars, L.C.Vs ,Pick-ups and Vans. Indus Motor Company Ltd. Cars and L.C.Vs. Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Ltd. Cars and Bikes.
Sind Engineering Ltd. Cars, Trucks , Bikes and Pick-ups. Sigma Motors (Pvt) Ltd. L.C.Vs Hinopak Motors Ltd. Trucks and Buses. Ghandhara Nissan Ltd. Trucks, Buses and Cars. Master Motor Corporation Ltd. Trucks , Buses and Pick-ups. Companies (Cont.)
Companies (Cont.) Millat Tractors Ltd. Farm Tractors. Dewan Automotive Engineering Ltd. Cars and Pick-Ups DYL Motorcycles Ltd. Motorbikes. Pakistan Cycle Industrial Cooperative Society Ltd. Motorcycles and Auto-Rickshaws PLUM Qingqi Motors Ltd. Motorcycles and Auto-Rickshaws.
Capacity And Production Of All The Automobile In PAKISTAN
CAPACITY & PRODUCTIONOf The Different Companies
Ranking Of World Automotive Industries(Country Wise)
Ranking Of Automotive Industry Of Pakistan(2005-2008)
Imports To discourage imports of auto mobiles and to promote localization of automobiles, high taxes are applied on imported automobiles through Tariff based system (TBS). Sometimes, Imports of automobiles are made when the demands are greater than total produced vehicles. Imports from India are relatively cheap.
Exports Export of auto products is necessary to expand auto industry’s markets and gross profits. To promote export, the government is providing 25% subsidy to new products. The AIDP has laid a target of export of US$ 650 million by the year 2011-2012.
Comparison Of Pakistan auto industry with the other countries. Comparison with neighbouring country: India.
Different Automotive Companies in INDIA 46 Active companies Consulting Club
Comparison With India’s Automotive Industry Active Companies Annual Production capacity
Automotive Industry Of Japan(Bench-mark ) Out of 70,526,531 automobile in the world 11,563,629 (16.39%) was produced by Japan in 2008. In the world ranking, Japan is at 1st position.
Japan(cont.) Japanese automotive manufacturers include Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Suzuki, Mazda etc Japanese manufacturers producing very affordable, reliable, and popular cars. Japan became the largest car producing nation in the world in 2000 Very well organized and efficient industries.
Out of 70,526,531 automobile in the world 9,345,101 (13.25%) was produced by china in 2008.
In the world ranking, China is at 2nd position.
Automotive Industry Of Iran Out of 70,526,531 automobiles in the world Iran produced 1,051,430 (1.49%) automobiles in 2008. In the world ranking, Iran is at 16th position.
Conclusion Local auto industry stands behind the auto industries of neighboring countries. Imports of automobiles is effecting local auto industry. The auto industry has experienced decline in its production and sales values. Car prices are relatively high. Low production capacity. Insufficient export of automobiles. Unorganized Industries .
Recommendations Market expansion measures should be taken. Volume of production should be increased. Localization should be increased and investments should be made to increase localization. Regulate the imports of cars. Financing options i.e. leasing , car finance and loans should be extended on a wider basis. The car manufacturers should also encourage the use of CNG .