[Slideshare] fardh'ain(2012)-lesson#3-criteria-al qur'an(23-march-2012)-part1

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  • 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON MOST MERCIFUL ISLAM” EED - Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults H TAU ALAH conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail A a RIS N # 3 LE SSO t 1) r (pa Every Friday night IT CAN ALSO BE A @ 8pm – 10pm REFRESHER COURSE Wisma Indah, 450 FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, “CRITERIA” Changi Road, EDUCATORS, IN #02-00 next to CONTEMPORARY Al-Qur’an: Proof of Masjid Kassim SINGAPORE. Muhammad’s Prophethood. OPEN TO ALL Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED MARCH 2012All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 1
  • 2. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, FARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY MOST COMPASSIONATE, USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL MOST MERCIFUL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “Beginners’ Manual on Islam” Lesson #3 2All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 3. • “Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah. • No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 4. • “Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “the Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 5. “There are many miracles of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. to be offered as the evidence, and the greatest and most outstanding of them is still available to be considered by anyone (even today, until the Day of Judgement ) is without doubt, the Qur’an .... ” 5All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 6. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, “The Criteria MOST MERCIFUL for a Holy Book” - a case for the Qur’an by : Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Singapore. TO VIEW ON BLOG http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ 6All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 7. INTRODUCTION AND A BRIEF BACKGROUNDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 8. Avoiding the Fallacy termed as “circular reasoning”: Q: How do you know that your doctrine is true? A: Because it is written in this Book! Q: What makes you believe that that Book is truly from God? A: Because I have faith in it! Q: How do you get that faith? A: Because I read that (same) Book! Q: But how do you know that that Book is truly from God!? A: Because I have faith! Q: But how do you get that faith? A: I read the Book!!……?All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 9. • Any inter-faith discussion has to firstly contend with the issue of proving, with evidence and reasoning, the basis for acceptance of a “Book said to be from God”, before assigning it as the authority for reference regarding doctrines. • To regard that a “Book is from God” requires that we have to provide for certain reasoning or rationale (criteria) for accepting that conclusion. • The objective question to consider firstly is, “How can we agree that a particular book can be relied upon as authoritative?” • “What would you insist that such a Book must have, to convince you that it is indeed of Divine authorship?”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 10. #1 THE CRITERIA CLAIM ITSELF TO BE FROM GOD The Book itself must make the claim, and not what people attribute to it based on whatever reasons. 10All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 11. “And this, too, is a divine writ which We (God) have bestowed from on high – blessed, confirming the truth of whatever there still remains [of earlier revelations] – and [this] in order that thou (O Muhammad) mayest warn the foremost of all cities and all who dwell around it.” (Qur’an: Al-An’am: 6: 92)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 12. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 13. “We (God) sent down the Qur’an in Truth, and in Truth has it descended : and We sent you but to give glad tidings and to warn (sinners). It is a Qur’an which We have divided (into parts from time to time) in order that you (O Muhammad) might recite it to men at intervals : We have revealed it by stages” (Qur’an : Bani Isra’il : 17: 105)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 14. #2 THE CRITERIA UNIQUE AND INIMITABLE A Book from God must be unique so that it is distinct from other books. Thus, inimitability (not possible for any to produce another like it) is an important quality. 14All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 15. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 16. “And if you are in doubt as to what We have revealed from time to time to our servant, then produce a Surah like thereunto ; and call your witness or helpers (if there are any) besides God, if your (doubts) are true” (Surah al-Baqarah : 2: 23)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 17. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 18. “This Qur’an is not such as can be produced by other than God. On the contrary it is a confirmation of revelations that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book wherein there is no doubt - from the Lord of the Universe” (Surah Yunos : 10: 37)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 19.  To the Arabs at the time of Muhammad s.a.w. then, it was their language (Arabic), linguistic and literary skills in composing odes and poetry which were held in highest regard.  This was their greatest accomplishment, which they have honed and it marked them out as Arabs.  And it is to this that the ‘miracle’ nature of the Qur’an was highlighted to them to be especially tested.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 20.  Many of these celebrated poets of the Quraysh, like: Musaylama al-Kadz-dzab, Thulaihah ibn Khuwailid al-As’ady, An-Nadhor ibn Harith, Mutanabby, Ibn al-Muqoffa etc., attempted but could not succeed but their attempts were even denounced by their own peers, when compared to the style, eloquence, exquisite beauty and profoundness of the Qur’an.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 21. And standard of Arabic language used by people had declined since that golden era. Thus it would become near impossible for any to respond to this challenge ever again. One well known poet at the time, Walid ibn Mughirah (himself a respected leader of the Quraysh), even admitted to his peers, after hearing Muhammad’s recitation of a portion of the Qur’an saying, that these could not be the work of mortals - whether it be of man or spirits – echoing precisely a verse in the Qur’an:All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 22. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 23. “Now this Qur’an could not possibly have been devised by anyone save Allah (God): nay indeed, it confirms the truth of whatever there still remains [of earlier revelations] and clearly spells out the revelation [which comes] – let there be no doubt about it – from the Sustainer of all the worlds.” (Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 37)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 24. Say, "If mankind and the jinn gathered in order to produce the like of this Quran, they could not produce the like of it, even if they were to each other assistants.“ (Qur’an: Isea’: 17: 88)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 25. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 26. R S IDE N T CO S FIR “The Striking Calamity - What is the Striking Calamity? And what can make you know what is the Striking Calamity? It is the Day when people will be like moths, dispersed, And the mountains will be like wool, fluffed up.” (Qur’an: al-Qari-’ah: 101: 1-5)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 27. R S IDE N T CO S FIRAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 28. R S IDE N T CO S FIR “The Inevitable Reality - What is the Inevitable Reality? And what can make you know what is the Inevitable Reality? Thamud and Aad denied the Striking Calamity. So as for Thamud, they were destroyed by the overpowering [blast]. And as for Aad, they were destroyed by a screaming, violent wind .” (Qur’an: al-Haqqa: 69: 1-4)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 29. R S IDE N T CO S FIR “Which Allah imposed upon them for seven nights and eight days in succession, so you would see the people therein fallen as if they were hollow trunks of palm trees. Then do you see of them any remains?” (Qur’an: al-Haqqa: 69: 5-8)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 30. E P AR OM THIS ,C EN WITH TH M E TH "The elephant. What is the elephant? And what can make you know what is the elephant? He has a ropy tail and a long trunk."All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 31. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 32. “And no question do they bring to thee but We reveal to thee the Truth and the explanation thereof” (Qur’an: al-Furqan : 25: 33)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 33. If they say: “Muhammad wrote it !”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 34. If they say: “Muhammad wrote it !” [O Muhammad] thou hast never been able to recite any divine writ ere this one [was revealed], nor didst thou ever transcribe one with thine own hand – or else, they who try to disprove the truth [of thy revelation] might indeed have had cause to doubt [it]. Nay, but this [divine writ] consists of messages clear to the hearts of all who are gifted with [innate] knowledge – and none could knowingly reject Our messages unless it be such as would do wrong [to themselves].” (Qur’an: al-Ankabut: 29: 48-49)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 35. If they say: “Why has not the Qur’an been revealed to him all at once?”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 36. If they say: “Why has not the Qur’an been revealed to him all at once?” “Those who reject Faith say: ‘Why is not the Qur’an revealed to him all at once?’ Thus is it revealed that We may strengthen thy heart thereby, and We rehearsed it to thee in slow well-arranged stages, gradually” (Qur’an: al-Furqan: 25: 32)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 37. If they say: “Why an Arabic Qur’an?All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 38. If they say: “Why an Arabic Qur’an? “Now had We willed this [divine writ] to be a discourse in a non-Arabic tongue, they would surely have said, ‘Why are not its verses explained in detail? What! (a book) not in Arabic and (a messenger) an Arab?’ Say: ‘It is a Guide and a Healing to those who believe” (Qur’an: Fussilat: 41: 44)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 39. If they say: “Muhammad may have received it from the Devil !” “No evil ones have brought down this (revelation). It would neither suit them nor would they be able to produce it!” (Qur’an: ash-Shuara: 26: 210-211)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 40. If they say:” He was taught by a Jew or a Christian!” “We know indeed that they say ‘It is a man that teaches him’ (but) the tongue of him they wickedly pointed to is notably foreign, while it (Al-Qur’an) is Arabic, pure and clear” (Qur’an: an-Nahl: 16: 103)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 41. If they say: “It is a fraud!” “Say: ‘Truth has arrived, and falsehood neither creates anything new, nor restores anything” (Qur’an: Saba’: 34: 49)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 42. #3 THE CRITERIA CONTAINS ABSOLUTE PRINCIPLES All principles which the book contains must be absolute (not affected by time) and remain as true today as they will remain true in the future and as they had proven true in the past. 42All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 43.  If one is truly objective (in the sense of seeking justice) and is sincere in analysing the history of the Arabs and in comparing their condition before with that after the revelation of the Qur’an, it would become obvious that their society underwent a drastic change – one that was quite revolutionary.  Their customs, trends, worldview and accepted norms were in fact overturned and replaced with fundamental principles quite unknown to them before this, and since then it has continued to be adhered to even till today.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 44.  Moreover, these principles can justifiably be said to be too advanced for that time, so that they cannot be explained away as having their origin in human and societal influences current at that time.  ONE OF THE EXAMPLE – “BANNING INTOXICANTS” :All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 45.  Moreover, these principles can justifiably be said to be too advanced for that time, so that they cannot be explained away as having their origin in human and societal influences current at that time.  ONE OF THE EXAMPLE – “BANNING INTOXICANTS” : “O You who have attained to faith! Intoxicants, and games of chance, idolatrous practices, and the divining of the future are but a loathsome evil of Satan’s doing: Shun them so that you may be successful “ (Qur’an: Ma’idah: 5: 90)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 46. And today, the dangers of alcoholism, substance abuse and drug addiction are well acknowledged scourge, whereas the Qur’an has, not only explicitly warns mankind against it since 1400 years ago, it has since then started a movement towards eradicating this menace and has been successful in producing the biggest society of teetotallers with an uncompromising stance towards it – “shun them” totally, not even imbibing of even a drop of it.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 47. Today, over 1.5 billion Muslims as the rule, abstain from every alcoholic drink and intoxicant on religious grounds, because it has been forbidden by God (as Haram), explicitly recorded and preserved in the original religious text or scripture. Although there may be few exceptions of disobedient Muslims, yet no other religion has been as successful as Islam in advocating sobriety as a religious obligation.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 48. #4 THE CRITERIA CONTAINS NEITHER DISCREPANCY NOR INACCURACY God is perfect in His Wisdom and cannot be the author of discrepancies and/or inaccuracies. 48All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 49. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 50. “Do they not consider the Qur’an with care ? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy” (Surah An- Nisa’ : 4: 82)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 51. #5 THE CRITERIA CONTRIBUTES TO THE WELL-BEING OF PEOPLE OF ALL LEVEL Unlike other books which appeal to or benefit only certain classes of people according to their intellectual levels, the Book of God is meant for all classes of people. Only God’s Wisdom is capable of producing such a Book. 51All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 52. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 53. “All praise is due to God (Allah), who has bestowed this divine writ from on high upon His Servant (Muhammad), and has not allowed any deviousness to obscure its meanings: [a divine writ] unerringly straight, meant to warn [the godless] of a severe punishment from Him, and to give unto the believers who do good works the glad tiding that theirs shall be a goodly reward – [a state of bliss] in which they shall dwell beyond the count of time.” (Qur’an: al-Kahf: 18: 1-3)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 54. Applying to the Qur’an the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because:  Simple devotees refer to it, yet it is not merely a book on devotions;  legists formulate legal rulings from it, and yet it is not merely a book of laws;  educationist derived wisdom from it and yet it does not only speak about education;All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 55. Applying to the Qur’an the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because :  theologians are guided by its principles, and yet it is not merely a book on theology;  it mentions past history and indicate to contemporary men the remnants of past civilization to be discovered, visited and studied, yet it is not a book on history or archaeology;All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 56. Applying to the Qur’an the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because :  it points to the signs in the universe and provide principles for contemplation and reflection for thinkers and philosophers, yet it is not a book on philosophy;  it highlights laws of natural phenomenon long before man develops serious study of natural sciences, from which it only confirms observations made by the book, yet it is not a book on science;All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 57. Applying to the Qur’an the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because :  those who have the aesthetic appreciation for beauty in language and expression are enthralled by its recitation, yet it is not a book on poetry;  Arabic linguists and grammarians use its standard for correctness and eloquence, yet it is not a book on grammar;All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 58. Applying to the Qur’an the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because :  those seeking solace and spirituality finds in it companionship and guidance towards their spiritual upliftment, yet it is not merely a book on spirituality;  it has inspired and transformed a whole civilization through all classes of people who then manifested the effect it has on them in almost every field of human endeavour.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 59. Perhaps the closest categorization would be ‘an encyclopaedia’, yet it even transcend this when we realise that this book contains only just over 6,000 verses – and has never needed any re-edition. Only one category is possible, and that is, it is a book of God for the guidance of mankind. Only God’s Wisdom is capable for its authorship.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 60. #6 THE CRITERIA SOME PROPHECIES PROVEN TO BE TRUE Proof of God’s knowledge is in the truth of His prophecies. Although there are many which have not yet come to pass, still there must be some prophecies which can validate this unique attribute of God in the Book. 60All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 61. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 62. “Truly did God (Allah) fulfil the vision for His Messenger: Ye shall enter the Sacred Mosque, if God (Allah) wills, with minds secure, heads, shaved, hair cut short, and without fear. For He knew what ye knew not and He granted besides this a speedy victory. It is He who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, to proclaim it over all religion: and enough is God (Allah) for a Witness.” (Qur’an: Surah Fath: 48: 27-28)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 63. NOTE: NOTE  This verses were revealed when Muslims were a disregarded group, oppressed and weak, living in Madinah after being forced to migrate there, and then had to face several invasions by the Quraish. Yet the prophecy came of the Prophet’s imminent entrance into Makkah, as well as the conquest and triumph of Islam over the Makkans.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 64. CONTINUE SLIDES IN PART 2