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[Slideshare]fardhu'ain lesson#14-arkaan-ul-islam(5)fastin gin-ramadhan-(3-feb-l2012)

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“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” …

“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

“ARKAAN AL-ISLAM”
Pillars of Islam (Submission)

DAILY FASTING IN
MONTH OF RAMADHAN

Published in: Education, Spiritual

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  • 1. “ A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL LESSON # 14 Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL UPDATED 3 FEBRUARY 2012 Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim “ ARKAAN AL-ISLAM” Pillars of Islam (Submission) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL DAILY FASTING IN MONTH OF RAMADHAN All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 2. (The basic message of Islam) FARDHU’AIN : CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “ Beginners’ Manual on Islam ” IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 3.
    • “ Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah.
    • No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.
    FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 4.
    • “ Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “ the Praised One ”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent.
    FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 5.
    • IIMAN
    • Belief
    • Faith
    • Conviction
    • IHSAN
    • Best or Righteous Conduct
    • ‘ AMAL
    • [Islam]
    • Submission
    • Obedience
    • Practice
    Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 6.
    • THE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO
    • THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAU H EED)
    IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 7. Islam is built upon Five (pillars): [1] To bear witness that there is no god except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; [2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory) Swolah; [3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth); [4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House) for those who has the means to (do) it; [5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 8. Islam is built upon Five (pillars): [1] To bear witness that there is no god except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; [2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory) Swolah; [3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth); [4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House) for those who has the means to (do) it; [5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 9.
    • THE fifth PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TO
    • THE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH ( TAU H EED )
    IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 10. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 11.
    • In respecting the dominance of the followers, adherents of the school of Fiqh of al-Mujtahid-mutlaq al-Imam Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi-’ie rhm.a . here in this region, the practices in this manual / lesson on FIQH matters, shall subscribe and be in conformity with this school of Islamic jurisprudence ( madzhab ).
    • Yet, we hold to a healthy respect and tolerance ( tasamuh ) towards other madzaahib and ikhtilaaf (differences of opinion) amongst Islamic scholars.
    • The dominant schools of Islamic jurisprudence generally accepted are the, Ja’afari, Maliki, Hanafi, Shafi’e and Hanbali.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 12. ” O ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you that ye may (learn ) self-restraint ( having TAQWA – i.e. state of consciousness of God).―” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:183 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 13. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 14. “ (Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (with hardship) is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more of his own free-will―it is better for him, and it is better for you that ye fast, if ye only knew.” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:184 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 15. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 16.  ” Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'an as a guide to mankind also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So everyone of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spent it in fasting, but if anyone is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:185 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 17.
    •   Fasting in Islam is amongst the forms of devotion that provides Muslim with necessary training in the exercise of self-denial, so that he may become truly “ Muslim ” - one who is able to submit himself to the will of Allah.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 18.
    •   Month of Ramadhan was chosen by Allah for Muslims to observe the daily fasting – the whole month.
    • Exceptions are those who are sick, on a journey, the insane, infants etc.
    • For every fast missed, it is to be re-paid by fasting in other months – or if unable, then to feed the poor or indigent as ransom ( fid-yah ).
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 19. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 20.
    • The rule of fasting begins with intention ( Niyyat ), to be formulated on the night before the fast, in a language which one understands.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 21.
    •   Basically, one must be conscious or aware of the fast to be observed and the reason for doing it (i.e. Must be for the sake of Allah s.w.t. as He commands).
    • The, the intention formulated in the heart or mind is as:
    • “ I resolve to fast tomorrow to observe the (fardh) obligatory Fasting of Ramadhan this year,
    • because of (or for the sake of) Allah s.w.t.”
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 22.
    •   It is recommended ( sunat or mandub ) for Muslims to have a meal before dawn called “ SAHUR ”.
    • The Fast begins from Dawn ( Fajr/Subuh ) until sunset ( Maghrib ). During this period, the Muslim must abstain from eating, drinking, smoking, sex, or any other acts which can nullify the Fast.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 23. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 24.
    •   Wilfully introducing any object or substance into any openings of the body. Deliberate eating, drinking or smoking, using suppository, etc.
    • Vomiting, if it is induced. Involuntary vomiting, however, does not nullify the fast.
    • Emitting semen intentionally.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 25.
    • Engaging in sexual intercourse (while fasting in the day). This not only renders the fast void, but those committing this breach has to expiate it with a penalty called “ Kaffarah ”- either :
    • [1] free a slave; or
    • [2] fasting 2 months consecutively; or
    • [3] feed 60 indigent (poor & needy) people.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 26.
    • Becoming indisposed as a result of menstruation or post-natal bleeding (childbirth).
    • Becoming insane.
    • Loosing consciousness throughout the day.
    • Become sick i.e. illness where one is advised by physician, to avoid possible harm if fasting is to continue.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 27.
    • Commit apostasy ( murtad ) and then re-enter Islam.
    • NOTE:
    • For every fast missed, it is to be re-paid by fasting in other months – or if unable, e.g. Due to old age, pregnancy or lactating etc. then to feed the poor or indigent as ransom or alternative ( fid-yah ).
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 28. NOTE: Although by observing this basic rules, generally one is said to have fasted ( umum ), yet Muslims must aspire to a higher quality of Fasting – either: [1] The quality of Fasting of the Prophets and those Nearest to Allah ( al-Muqorrobeen ) – “most specific” Fast ( khusus-al-khusus ) or, if not then: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 29. NOTE: Although by observing this basic rules, generally one is said to have fasted ( umum ), yet Muslims must aspire to a higher quality of Fasting – either: [2] The “specific” Fast ( khusus ) – i.e. to ensure while fasting, every organs and limbs participate in abstaining from everything which Allah and His Messenger has forbidden ( haram ). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 30. ” Allah intends every facility for you He does not want to put you to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.”  ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:185 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 31. .... that ye may (learn) self-restraint ( having TAQWA – i.e. state of consciousness of God).―” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:183 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 32.
    • THE MOST IMPORTANT : –
    • MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “ MUT-TAQEEN “
    • Begin with submission ( Islam );
    • exuding meaning of being faithful ( iiman );
    • inculcating righteous conduct ( Ihsan );
    • Inculcating sincerity ( ikhlasw );
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 33.
    • THE MOST IMPORTANT : –
    • MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “ MUT-TAQEEN “
    • Learn the essentials of striving ( jiHaad );
    • patient perseverance ( Swobr );
    • enhancing feeling of gratefulness ( Shakur );
    • Compassion for the poor & needy ( Ruhamah );
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 34.
    • THE MOST IMPORTANT : –
    • MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “ MUT-TAQEEN “
    • Steadfastness and consistancy ( istiqomah );
    • Heightened remembrance of Allah ( Dzik-rullah );
    • Purge and purify body and Soul ( mutatohhireen );
    • Learn the meaning of “to return & repentance” ( Inaabah );
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 35.
    • THE MOST IMPORTANT : –
    • MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “ MUT-TAQEEN “
    • Increase interaction with and adherence to Al-Qur’an ( tilaawah wa tadabbur );
    • Increase in night devotions ( Qiyaam );
    • Reasserting and strengthening Islamic unity and brotherhood ( ittihaad wa ukhuwwah );
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 36. “ Verily your Lord said: ‘The reward for every good deed will be multiplied by ten up to seven hundred times, except for Fasting – for Fasting is for my sake and I will reward (to multiples of my choosing) accordingly/” ( Hadith ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 37. “ Fasting is a shield and so (he who fast) should not utter vulgarities, nor obscenities and if a man swears (pick a quarrel) with him, he should Just say (in response) : I am Fasting, twice.”” ( Hadith reported by Bukhary) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 38. “ Fasting is a shield as long as the person (fasting) does not violate it.” (Abu Muhammad clarifies that what the Prophet s.a.a.w. meant by Violate here is “ Ghibah ” – backbiting others)” ( Hadith reported by Darimiy ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 39. “ There are many who Fast but do not gain anything for their Fasting except hunger and thirst.” ( Hadith ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 40. “ and to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 41.
    • Pay the “ Zakaat-ul-Fitra ” for yourself and for those whom you are responsible for. This is ‘ wajib ’ (compulsory), to ensure the poor and needy has the means to celebrate, in as much as a condition for Allah’s acceptance of our deeds ( ‘amal ) throughout Ramadhan.
    • Glorification of Allah “ Takbir ” - inculcation of the true meaning of celebration which is none other than expression of gratefulness ( shakur ) to Allah s.w.t.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 42.
    • Bathing in the morning of ‘Eid and partaking of food after Dawn is recommended. So also to wear beautiful or new clothes before setting out for a special Swolat- ul-Eid-ul-Fitr prayer in open field or mosques or community halls.
    • This prayer ( Swolat- ul-Eid-ul-Fitr ): 2 raka’at, sunnat (recommended), in congregation (following an Imam); followed by a sermon by the Imam / Khatib .
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 43.
    • Seeking renewal due to a strengthened Faith, by also reconciling and strengthening bonds of relationship with all. To uphold the lesson on self-restraint and God-consciousness ( TAQWA ).
    • WaAllaahu a’lam
    • (And Allah knows all)
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 44. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)