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[Slideshare]fardh'ain lesson#4-arkaan-ul-iiman-in-allah-(11 novl2011)
 

[Slideshare]fardh'ain lesson#4-arkaan-ul-iiman-in-allah-(11 novl2011)

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“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail“...

“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail“

HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL
LESSON # 4

ARKAAN AL-IIMAN”
BELIEVE IN ALLAH

Articles of Faith / Belief

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  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 11/11/11 17:35 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

[Slideshare]fardh'ain lesson#4-arkaan-ul-iiman-in-allah-(11 novl2011) [Slideshare]fardh'ain lesson#4-arkaan-ul-iiman-in-allah-(11 novl2011) Presentation Transcript

  • “ A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL LESSON # 4 Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL UPDATED NOVEMBER 2011 Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ ARKAAN AL-IIMAN” Articles of Faith / Belief IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL BELIEVE IN ALLAH
  • (The basic message of Islam) FARDHU’AIN : CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “ Beginners’ Manual on Islam ” IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
    • “ Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah.
    • No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “ Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “ the Praised One ”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent.
    FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
  • “ There are many miracles of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. to be offered as the evidence, and the greatest and most outstanding of them is still available to be considered by anyone (even today, until the Day of Judgement ) is without doubt, the Qur’an .... ” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS TO CONTINUE ...
    • “ For We have never sent any Messenger except that he should be heeded (obeyed) by Allah’s leave”.
    • ( Qur’an : An-Nisa : 4 : 64 )  
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “     Say (O Muhammad): "If ye do love Allah, follow me: Allah will love you and forgive you your sins; for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.“ ”.
    • ( Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran : 3 : 31)  
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • “…… and neither does he (Muhammad) speak out of his own desire : that (which he conveys to you) is but (a divine) inspiration with which he is being inspired - something that a very mighty one has imparted to him…” ( Qur’an : An-Najm : 53 : 3-4 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “ Tell me about Islam”
    • Islam is built upon five things:
    • Bear witness that there is none deserving of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “ Tell me about Islam”
    • Islam is built upon five things:
    • And to establish Swolah (the obligatory five daily worship or specific devotion).
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “ Tell me about Islam”
    • Islam is built upon five things:
    • And to pay the Zakah (obligatory tax upon the wealth).
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “ Tell me about Islam”
    • Islam is built upon five things:
    • And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (Ka’ba in Makkah) if you are able.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “ Tell me about Islam”
    • Islam is built upon five things:
    • And to observe fasting daily in the month of Ramadhan.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • .....“Tell me about iiman (Faith/Belief)”
    • (Belief) iiman is that you:
    • Solemnly believe in Allah;
    • His angels;
    • His Books,
    • His Messengers;
    • In the Afterlife;
    • In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah;
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • ........ “ Tell me about ‘ Al-Ihsan ’- (the Best or Righteous conduct or Excellence)”
    • “ Al-Ihsan” (excellence) is:
    • ... That you serve (worship) Allah as though you see Him, but if you do not see Him, He (Allah) sees you.”
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • IIMAN
    • Belief
    • Faith
    • Conviction
    • IHSAN
    • Best or Righteous Conduct
    • ‘ AMAL
    • [Islam]
    • Submission
    • Obedience
    • Practice
    Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).
    • THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO
    • THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAU H EED)
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL
    • IIMAN is “ Belief or Faith ” to something beyond sense perception, termed as “ - al-ghayb ” meaning “the unseen”.
    • It is derived from the root word “ ” which also means “ safety, peace, security, protection ”
    • It denote: “ certainty of the ultimate truth ”, adherence to it instils sense of “ security in him ” from doubts, uncertainty, restlessness etc.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Yet from Islamic perspective “ iiman ” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Believe or faith must be with knowledge.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Yet from Islamic perspective “ iiman ” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Must be with knowledge.
    "And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day).“ ( Q: Bani Israil : 17 :36 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Yet from Islamic perspective “ iiman ” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Must be with knowledge.
    • Three sources for knowledge:
    • [1] Five sensory perceptions - ;
    • [2] Reasoning - ;
    • [3] True report - ;
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • (The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you:
    • Solemnly believe in Allah;
    • His angels;
    • His Books,
    • His Messengers;
    • In the Afterlife;
    • In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.”
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO
    • THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH ( TAU H EED )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL
  •  
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) "In (with) the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful." ( Qur'an: Al-Fatiha: 1: 1 )
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • "No vision can encompass Him, whereas He encompasses all vision: for He alone is unfathomable (latif) * , all-aware.“ ( Qur’an: An'am: 6: 103 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • "There is nothing like unto Him * , and yet He alone is all-hearing, all-seeing.“ ( Qur’an: As-Shura 42 : 11 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • Holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w . have said: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • Holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. have said: "(To know Allah) Think and reflect upon Allah's creation and do not try to think of His Essence (Dzat), for you will certainly not be able to comprehend it.“ ( Hadith ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • “ And yet, some people choose to worship certain earthly things or beings as deities that [are supposed to] resurrect the dead; and they fail to realize that, had there been in heaven or on earth any either deity besides Allah, both [those realms] would surely have fallen to ruin! But limitless in His Glory is Allah, enthroned in His awesome almightiness [far] above anything that man can devise by way of definition!” ( Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 21-22 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • The term “ “ pronounce ‘ SHIRK ’ –
    • means “ partner; associate; one who shares; etc .”
    • Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of :
    • “ associating or ascribing to Allah, with others as partners .”
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • The term “ “ pronounce ‘ SHIRK ’ –
    • means “ partner; associate; one who shares; etc .”
    • Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of :
    • “ associating or ascribing to Allah, with others as partners .”
    • The sin of " SHIRK “ is in the ‘ belief ’ not merely the ‘ outward action .’
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) NOTE:
    • It is only “ SHIRK ” when a person:
    • [1] who in his belief, regards other being or entity in creation, or imaginary ‘beings’ conjured in his mind, etc. to be also ‘ Divine ’; or
    • [2] belief that they (these creations) have a share in ‘ Divinity ’ with Allah in His exclusive aspects; in His exclusive attributes; or His ‘ union or in-dwelling ’ or ‘ incarnation ’ in them; etc. or
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • [3] to regard these as being independent of Allah.
    • It is indeed true when a learned scholar said:
    • “ “ SHIRK is an intellectual sin.”
    • Just like TAU H EED , it deals primarily with ‘ thoughts or cognition ’; i.e. what a person ‘ knows and believes ’ regarding God or the ‘ Divine ’ - (the doctrine or theological concept that person holds in his mind).
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) NOTE:
    • A person’s belief may generally be presumed to be adhering to the creed (religion) which he professes to follow.
    • Thus, unlike non-Muslims, all Muslims are to be regarded as a “ Muwa h eed ”, (upholding TAU H EED ) unless proven to be otherwise. This is because he begins by denying any other to be god before acknowledging Allah – One and Unique without partner.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) NOTE:
  • ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA – A’-LAMU, WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA – MI-NADZ—DZAM - BIL– LADZII - LAA – A’-LAM “ O Allah! I seek refuge with You from committing SHIRK i.e. associating others with You, knowingly, and I seek Your forgiveness from the committing of the sins which I do not know.” ( Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la ) DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD : All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • ASMA’ WA-SIFAT All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • "Allah is He, whom there is no other god; Who knows (all things), both secret and open, He, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful.“ ( Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 22 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • "Allah is He, whom there is no other god; the Sovereign, the Holy One, the Source of Peace and Perfection, the Guardian of faith, the Preserver of Safety, the Exalted in Might, the Irresistible, the Supreme.“ ( Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 22 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • "Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above the partners they attribute to Him.“ ( Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 23 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • "He is Allah! The Creator, the Evolver, the Bestower of forms (and colours) – to Him belongs the Most Beautiful Names!“ ( Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 24 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • "Whatever is in the heavens or on Earth, both declare His Praise and Glory!“ ( Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 24 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • "And if my servants ask you concerning Me – behold, I am near; I respond to the call of him who calls Me: let him then respond unto Me, and believe in Me, so that they might follow the right way“ ( Qur'an: Baqarah: 2: 186 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • "Say: '[Thus speaks Allah] O you servants of Mine who have transgressed against your own selves! Despair not of Allah's mercy: behold, Allah forgives all sins – for verily, He alone is much-forgiving, a dispenser of Grace!“ ( Qur'an: Zumar: 39: 53 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • "No vision can encompass Him whereas He encompasses all vision : for He is unfathomable, all-Aware." ( Qur'an: An'am: 6: 103 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • "That no bearer of burdens shall be made to bear another's burden; and naught shall be accounted unto man accept what he is striving for; and in time [the nature of all] his striving will be shown [to him in its true light], whereupon he shall be requited for it with the fullest requital; and that with thy Sustainer is the beginning and the end [of all that exists].“ ( Qur'an: Najm: 53: 38-42 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • This is one of the traditional approaches in ensuring the understanding of attributes of Allah, amongst Muslims who are exposed to other religious or philosophical views, does not deviate from that of the pious predecessors’ (Salafus-Soleheen) EXTRACTED FROM “INTRODUCTION TO TAUHEED COURSE NOTES” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • TO DISTINGUISH ALLAH’S EXISTENCE FROM THAT OF CREATION AND MUSLIMS’ UNDERSTANDING OF ALLAH’S ESSENTIAL ATTRIBUTES ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • “ And there is nothing that could be compared to Him. ” ( Qur’an: Surah al-Ikhlash: 112 ) ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • "There is nothing like unto Him * , and yet He alone is all-hearing, all-seeing.“ ( Qur’an: Surah As-Shura 42 : 11 ) ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • Thus, even the " how " of His being " different " from everything else is beyond the categories of human thought. Therefore, the concern in Islamic theology is not in trying to discern His Essence ( Dzat ), which is an impossibility due to human imperfection and limitation. But we are encourage to know Him by way of His attributes and other Signs ( Aayat ). The Holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w . have said: "(To know Allah) Think and reflect upon Allah's attributes ( Sifat ) and do not try to think of (reality of) His Essence ( Dzat ).“ ( Hadith reported by Abu-Shaykh – al Jami’ : 134 Risalah Tauhid ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • In man’s reliance upon rationalising to understand the ‘nature’ of God, they may be prone to error which, if left unguided, may lead to grave consequences.
    • Although mankind may discern the existence of God – the Supreme Being, Creator of every creations, yet knowledge about who that Supreme Being is (what are His names, attributes etc.), must come from God Himself.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Islamic scholars responded by stipulating the ‘criteria’ or guideline for using reason ( ‘aqliyyah ) in theology, which must also be substantiated with textual basis in Revelations ( naqliyyah ).
    • Without which, man’s tendencies towards speculating with anthropomorphic imaginings may occur – especially when ignoring difference in meaning of words in Qur’an, between metaphorical and literal.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • “ .. in it (Al-Qur’an) are AAYAT MU H KAMAT - verses basic or fundamental (of established meaning); they are the FOUNDATION OF THE BOOK : others are AAYAT MUTASHAABIHAT – verses not of well-established meaning.” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 7 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • “ But those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part thereof that is not of well-established meaning ( AAYAT MUTASHAABIHAT ), seeking discord, and searching for its interpretation but no one knows its true meanings except Allah * , and those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in it; the whole of it is from our Lord"; and none will grasp the Message except men of understanding.” ...” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 7 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • There are countless ways to verify the existence of God. When Muslim acknowledges God’s existence, by this he is also certain of what God is not – i.e. anything antithetical to this notion is rejected as absurd, and cannot be attributed to God.
    EXISTENCE WUJUD All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) ADDITIONAL NOTES ALLAH’S ATTRIBUTE ( SIFAT ) WHICH IS ALSO HIS ESSENCE ( DZAT )
    • Our understanding of “ existence ” must be differentiated when applied to God. Firstly, Allah is the creator of our ‘notion’ of time, thus only Allah alone has existed without any beginning (forever existing). Whose existence is ( WAJIB-AL-WUJUD ) essential ,to the existence of creations – i.e. termed ‘contingent existence’ - ( MUMKIN-AL-WUJUD ).
    EXISTENCE QIDAM ETERNITY - FOREVER EXISTING WITHOUT ANY BEGINNING ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • As our understanding of “ existence ” must be differentiated when applied to God, therefore secondly, Allah alone is Absolute and will always exist without any ending (forever existing). All other existence (i.e. in creations) is only contingent existence ( mumkin al-wujud ) which may cease, dependent upon the Will of Allah.
    EXISTENCE BAQA’ EVERLASTINGNESS – ETERNALLY WITHOUT END ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Muslim holds the belief that we cannot attribute to Allah similar
    • attributes like those possessed by creations. Any descriptions in
    • the Qur’an and As-Sunnah which use metaphors or allegorical
    • verses ( ayat mutashabbiha ) for Allah, must not be taken as literal or
    • regarded as having a decisive meaning.
    EXISTENCE DIFFERENT FROM ANYTHING WHICH IS REGARDED AS NEW (CREATION) MUKHALA-FATUHU-LIL-HAWADITH ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Men’s tendencies towards anthropomorphic attributions to God is
    • to be refuted . Allah alone is God, the One Being who is Absolute and utterly transcends the notion of ever needing a cause, other than in and by Himself.
    EXISTENCE HE EXISTED BY HIMSELF (WITHOUT NEED FOR OTHERS) QIYAA-MUHU-BI-NAFSIHI ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • In our understanding Allah - His attributes ( sifaat ), His Names ( asma ’ ) and His Acts ( Af’al ); we do not in any way negate His Absolute Oneness. Allah being the Absolute One, indivisible, Infinite Being – having no partners, etc. is fundamental in the Islamic Creed.
    EXISTENCE ABSOLUTE ONENESS WAH-DAA-NIYAH All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) ADDITIONAL NOTES
    • Certainly Allah is all-powerful. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God as having attributes of weakness, impotent etc.
    EXISTENCE QUDRAH POSSESSING POWER ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Certainly Allah possesses ‘Will’. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the misconception of God without a Will, incapable of decree and decision, inconsequential, uncreative, etc.
    EXISTENCE IRAADAH POSSESSING WILL ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Certainly Allah is all-knowing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God as being ignorant, forgetful, etc.
    EXISTENCE ‘ ILMUN KNOWING ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Certainly Allah is the Ever-Living. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God who is dead or who can die.
    EXISTENCE HAYAAT LIVING ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Certainly Allah is all-Hearing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the ridiculous assertion of God as being deaf, deprived or obstructed from hearing etc.
    EXISTENCE SAM’UN HEARING ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Certainly Allah is All-Seeing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the ridiculous assertion of God as being blind, or that things can be concealed or hidden from Him, etc.
    EXISTENCE BASWARUN SEEING ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Certainly Allah possesses Speech. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the foolish assertion of God as being dumb, unable to communicate, etc.
    EXISTENCE KALAAMUN SPEECH ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • Say, "O disbelievers, I do not worship what you worship. Nor are you worshippers of what I worship. Nor will I be a worshipper of what you worship. Nor will you be worshippers of what I worship. For you is your religion, and for me is my religion.“ ( Qur’an: Kafirun: 109: 1-6 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Difference between the terms:
    “ The Divine ” – that Supreme Being, acknowledged by all religion to transcend in His Infiniteness, from others in creation and the created. “ That which is worshipped ” – that object of worship, defined by one’s theological doctrines as “ the Divine ”.
    • Therefore “ ilaah ” and “ ma’bud ” are not necessarily synonymous.
    • There is no “ilaah ” except Allah, but we reject what others are worshipping (termed as their “ ma’bud ”) and assert and invite them to the correct “ ilaah ” i.e. Allah
    “ ILAAH” “ MA’-BUD” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • “ Say: ‘O People of the Book (Scripture)! Exceed not in your religion the bounds (of what is proper), trespassing beyond the Truth, nor follow the vain desires of people who went wrong in times gone by – who misled many, and strayed (themselves from the even Way.” ( Qur’an: al- Maa-’idah: 5 : 77 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • Say: O People of the Scripture! Come to a common word between us and you: that we shall worship none but God (Allah), and that we shall ascribe no partner unto Him, and that none of us shall take others for lords beside God (Allah). And if they turn away, then say: Bear witness that we are they who have surrendered (unto Him). ( Qur’an: Aal ‘Imran 3:64 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WA H DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL- H AMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, “ There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except All a h, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .” IMPORTANT DZIKR All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
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