[Slideshare]fardh ain(introduction lesson#1)may2010


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[Slideshare]fardh ain(introduction lesson#1)may2010

  1. 1. “ A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 16 weekly class starting: 7 May 2010 Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 448 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim INTRODUCTION LESSON # 1 Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. طَلَبُ الْعِلْم فَرِيضَةٌ على كُلِّ مُسْلِم “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” For further information and registration contact Sameer Abdul Jalil (9669 8512) - or e-mail <sameer_al_abd@yahoo.com> IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL THE FIRST LESSON SLIDES .......
  2. 2. ISLAM : A BRIEF INTRODUCTION How would you respond to basic questions regarding your religion? All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST GRACIOUS, MOST MERCIFUL
  3. 3. UNDERSTANDING FROM THE TERMS “ AD-DEEN” - usually translated as “ the religion ” more accurately it should be “ a total way of life or a comprehensive system of living ” <ul><li>a Muslim regard his/her entire life as a religious experience. Islam provides for guidance in not only matters of worship but as to how he/she is to conduct in daily matters - be it social, economic etc. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  4. 4. Further elucidation of word “ Deen ” <ul><li>Usually translated as “religion” – (borrowed from the available Western equivalent, but not accurately convey the Arabic significance of this term). </li></ul><ul><li>In Arabic, a word is derived from its tri-lateral roots (when written has no vowels) which can be variously pronounced (with vowels and other emphasis) from a broad semantic field of meanings possible from this root: </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  5. 5. <ul><li>from root word “ daa-na “which can also mean : “be indebted; to owe one’s thanks; to be subjected; bow; yield; owe allegiance.” </li></ul><ul><li>from “ dain ” which means “debt; obligation; liability.” </li></ul><ul><li>from “ dai-nuu-na ” which means “judgement; Last Judgement.” </li></ul><ul><li>related to the word “ maaddana ” which means “to build or found cities to civilise, to refine and to humanise” from which is derived the word “ tamaddun ” meaning “civilization and refinement in social culture” </li></ul>Further elucidation of word “ Deen ” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  6. 6. <ul><li>The primary significations of the term “ deen ” thus can be reduced to four: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Indebtedness </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Submissiveness/submission/surrender </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Judicious power </li></ul><ul><li>(4) Natural inclination or tendency </li></ul>Further elucidation of word “ Deen ” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  7. 7. <ul><li>Thus, the implication of “ religion ” in the ordinary usage which tends to be affected by secular thoughts is not in accord to Islam’s concept of religion which is life in totality, all-encompassing and where worldly and heavenly concern cannot be dichotomised. </li></ul><ul><li>A Muslim always is mindful that ultimately he is a servant of God whether in mosque or in the market place, in private or in public etc. Life of this world is intrinsically link with the Hereafter (also referred to as ‘Yaum al-Deen’ -The day of Judgement). </li></ul>Further elucidation of word “ Deen ” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  8. 8. UNDERSTANDING FROM THE TERMS “ ISLAM” - “( peaceful) submission and obedience to God” <ul><li>name and description of the religion revealed by God from Adam, continuously established by many prophets and culminated with Prophet Muhammad. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  9. 9. UNDERSTANDING FROM THE TERMS “ MUSLIM” - literally it means “ one who submits and obey, willingly surrenders to the will of God ” <ul><li>it refers to followers of Islam, which now numbers over 1.5 billion people of diverse race and nationality. It is wrong and in bad taste to refer to them as “ Muhammadan ” or “ Mussalman ” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  10. 10. <ul><li>“ Islam ” which literally means “ submission, resignation, reconciliation (to the will of God” – and with the addition of “al-“ (a definite article) it refers to the name of this religion. </li></ul><ul><li>It comes from same root as “ slm ” meaning “ peace ”; “ salima ” meaning “ to be safe and sound, secure, to be free, blameless ” etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The term “ Muslim ” literally mean “ one who submits, reconciled to the will of God ”. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>And its usage is not limited to only the time of Muhammad [pbuh] but also to all those who genuinely submit to the divine will reveal in the past. </li></ul>Significance of the name. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  11. 11. <ul><li>It is thus that Muslims regard the religion revealed by God to mankind, in essence as being one and the same, from the prophets Adam up to Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon them all), referred to as “al- Islam ”. For its basic teachings can be summarised as the call to man towards “the way of total servitude to God’s will .” </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>It is to be noted that Muhammad [pbuh] did not himself named this religion, but the term “ Islam ” as well as “ Muslimun (Muslims)” is based on the revelation which he received from God (i.e. the Qur’an) : </li></ul>Significance of the name. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  12. 12. <ul><li>“ Behold, the only [true] religion in the sight of God is “al-Islam” (man’s self-surrender unto Him)” </li></ul><ul><li>( Qur’an: aali-Imran: 3 : 19 ) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Significance of the name. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  13. 13. <ul><li>“ And strive hard in God’s cause with all the striving that is due to Him: it is He Who has elected you [to carry His message] and has laid no hardship on you in [anything that pertains to] religion, [and made you follow] the creed of your forefather Abraham. It is He Who has named you - in bygone times as well as in this (divine writ) “al-Muslimin” (“those who have surrendered themselves to God”)” </li></ul><ul><li>( Qur’an: al-Hajj : 22 : 78 ) </li></ul>Significance of the name. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  14. 14. UNDERSTANDING FROM THE TERMS “ ALLAH” - the name of God in Arabic. It refers to the One and only God of the Universe. <ul><li>In Arabic it is in a proper noun, the name which has no equivalent in other non-Semitic language. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Allah is the Unique, the Absolute One having no partners, Creator and Lord (Sustainer) of the Universe.” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  15. 15. OUR BASIC STAND “ Say : We believe in Allah, and in that which has been revealed to us and that which has been sent down on Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which was given to Moses and Jesus and the prophets of their lord; we make no division between any of them, and to Him (Allah) we surrender (as Muslims).” ( Qur’an : al- Baqarah : 2 : 135 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010 ADAM (other nations) NOAH ( Nuh ) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) “ for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, (other nations) a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) ABRAHAM ( Ibrahim ) (1st Born) (2nd Born) ISHMAEL ( Isma’il ) ISAAC ( Ishaq ) JACOB ( Ya’akub ) JOSEPH ( Yusuf ) MOSES ( Musa ) (the Quraysh tribe in Mecca, direct DAVID ( Dawud ) descendants of SOLOMON ( Sulaiman ) Ishmael) (many others amongst Israelite) JOHN THE BAPTIST ( Yahya ) JESUS CHRIST (‘ Isa al-Masih ) MUHAMMAD (The chosen Seal of Prophethood)
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010 ASIA AFRICA EUROPE KA’ABA In BAKKA (MAKKAH)
  19. 19. BRIEF ANCIENT HISTORY <ul><li>Origin of Ka’abah </li></ul><ul><li>The great Flood of the Prophet Nuh’s a.s. period </li></ul><ul><li>Prophet Ibrahim a.s. – an exemplary Muslim. </li></ul><ul><li>Significance of Bakkah (ancient name of Makkah). </li></ul><ul><li>The Prophecies of the Awaited Prophet – Muhammad s.a.a.w. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  20. 20. Some interesting Biblical records: <ul><li>Genesis 21: 18-21 “... And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to Hagar from heaven, and said to her, “What troubles you, Hagar ? Fear not; for God has heard the voice of the lad where he is. Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him fast with your hand; for I will make him a great nation.” Then God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water ; and she went, and filled the skin with water, and gave the lad a drink. And God was with the lad, and he grew up; he lived in the wilderness, and became an expert with the bow. He lived in the wilderness of Paran ...” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  21. 21. Some interesting Biblical records: <ul><li>To Muslims, the above (Genesis 21: 18-21) relates to the history of the beginning of Makkah, with the tribulation of the family of Prophet Ibrahim a.s.- Hajar and his first-born infant Isma’il a.s. After Hajar had frantically ran between the two hillocks of Safa and Marwa whilst at the same time supplicating to Allah s.w.t. in search of water, they were bestowed with the well of zam-zam . This is the SA’IE , one of the rites re-enacted till today by pilgrims. And beside the well of zam-zam , Prophets Ibrahim and Isma’il a.s. were later shown the foundation of the oldest house of worship upon which they rebuild the Ka’bah. </li></ul>IMPORTANT NOTE: “MAKKAH is in PARAN” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010 Genesis 21: 18-21
  22. 22. Some interesting Biblical records: <ul><li>Deuteronomy 18: 17-20 – And the Lord said to me [i.e. Moses a.s.], “They have rightly said all that they have spoken. I will raise up a prophet like you from among their brethren; and I will put my words in his mouth, and he will speak to them all that I command him. And whoever will not give heed to my words which he shall speak in my name, I myself will require it of him.” </li></ul><ul><li>Deuteronomy 33:2 – “He (Moses) said, “The Lord came from Sinai, and dawned from Se’ir upon us; he shone forth from Paran , he came from the ten thousands of holy ones, with flaming fire at his right hand; Yea, he loved his people; all those who consecrated to him were in his hand; so they followed in thy steps...” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010 IMPORTANT NOTE: “A Prophecy to Moses
  23. 23. IMPORTANT NOTE: The“ Qiblah ” - direction
  24. 24. Some interesting Biblical records: <ul><li>1 Kings viii 46-49 - “ ... and pray to Thee toward their land which Thou gavest to their fathers, the city which Thou has chosen, and the house which I have built for Thy name”; </li></ul><ul><li>Psalm xxviii 2 – “Hear the voice of my supplication, as I cry to Thee for help, as I lift up my hands toward Thy most Holy Sanctuary.”; </li></ul>IMPORTANT NOTE: “ Qiblah ” in the Bible All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  25. 25. Some interesting Biblical records: <ul><li>Regarding: 1 Kings viii 46-49 ; Psalm xxviii 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Biblical Prophets always had a certain direction in their worship - Qiblah , usually towards a house of worship consecrated in the name of God. </li></ul><ul><li>Prophet Sulaiman a.s. had built such a temple in Jerusalem, and the Bani Isra’il while in captivity in Babylon would turn their faces towards Jerusalem, even after the destruction of this temple. </li></ul>IMPORTANT NOTE: “ Qiblah ” in the Bible All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  26. 26. Some interesting Biblical records: <ul><li>Regarding: 1 Kings viii 46-49 ; Psalm xxviii 2 </li></ul><ul><li>For Muslims, who at one time faced towards the same Qiblah (direction towards Jerusalem for worship), Allah s.a.w. had redirected their Qiblah to the Ka’bah rebuilt by Ibrahim and Isma’il a.s. (the oldest house of worship ever built on earth). </li></ul><ul><li>From then on, billions have turned their faces towards this spot on earth, daily without fail - drawn by the force of faith in the One True God. </li></ul>IMPORTANT NOTE: “ Qiblah ” in the Bible All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  27. 27. Some interesting Biblical records: <ul><li>Regarding: 1 Kings viii 46-49 ; Psalm xxviii 2 </li></ul><ul><li>This, indeed, is a miracle for those who would reflect, for no other religion, organizer of events nor any earthly power has been able to do likewise ( swolah- prayer and Hajj) in this unification of purpose, transcending all differences, save the consciousness of Allah. ... AlHamdulillaah! </li></ul>IMPORTANT NOTE: “ Qiblah ” in the Bible All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010
  28. 28. History of Makkah and the Awaited Seal of Prophethood ... Next lesson, inshaAllah ! All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee2010