[Slideshare]fardh ain( lesson#2   tawheed)-28octoberl2011
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[Slideshare]fardh ain( lesson#2   tawheed)-28octoberl2011 [Slideshare]fardh ain( lesson#2 tawheed)-28octoberl2011 Presentation Transcript

  • “ A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail TAU H EED LESSON # 2 Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL UPDATED OCTOBER 2011 Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ THE BASIC MESSAGE OF AL-ISLAM” IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL
  • Lesson # 2 (The basic message of Islam) FARDHU’AIN : CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “ Beginners’ Manual on Islam ” IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “ Say: "Verily my Lord hath guided me to a way that is straight― a religion of right― the path (trod) by Abraham the true in Faith, and he (certainly) joined not gods with Allah.”
    • (Qur’an : An’am: : 6: 161 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • “ Abraham was not a Jew nor yet a Christian, but he was true in faith and bowed his will to Allah's (which is as a Muslim following ‘al-Islam’) and he set not any as partners with Allah.” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 67 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ For We assuredly sent amongst every People a messenger, (with the Command) "Serve (worship) Allah, and eschew the ‘ Taghut ’ * (False gods, all powers of Evil)“ ( Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 36 )
    • “ Say (O Muhammad): "I am but a man like yourselves, (but) the inspiration has come to me, that your God is one God.”
    • ( Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 109 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ ... whoever expects to meet his Lord, let him work righteousness, and in the worship of his Lord, admit no one as partner ( SHIRK ). “ ( Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 110 )
    • “  If there were therein Gods beside Allah, then verily both (the heavens and the earth would) had been disordered. Glorified be Allah, the Lord of the Throne, from all that they ascribe (unto Him).”
    • ( Qur’an: Anbiya: 21:22 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • “ They do blaspheme (those)who say: ‘Allah is (Jesus) Christ the son of Mary.’ But said Christ: ‘O children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord, and your Lord.’ Whoever joins other gods with Allah―Allah will forbid him the Garden and the Fire will be his abode. There will be for the wrong-doers , no one to help. “ ( Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 72 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ Is then He Who creates like one that creates not? Will ye not receive admonition? If ye would count up the favours of Allah, never would ye be able to number them: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. And Allah doth know what ye conceal and what ye reveal.” ( Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 17-19 )
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ Those whom they invoke besides Allah create nothing and are themselves created. (They are things) dead, lifeless: nor do thy know when they will be raised up. Your God is One God: as to those who believe not in the Hereafter, their hearts refuse to know, and they are arrogant.” ( Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 20-22 )
    • “ Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah.
    • No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Does God exist ?
    • What do we mean by “God” ? Who is “God”?
    • Can there be more than one God?
    • Can we know God ?
    • What does He require of us?
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • “ If indeed thou ask them who has created the heavens and the earth and subjected the sun and the moon (to His Law); they will certainly reply "Allah." How are they then deluded away (from the truth)?” ( Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 61 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Note : Atheism is a new phenomena in the history of mankind and cannot be said to be natural.
    • It is totally against the pure instinct of man, not to believe in a supernatural being - for this would only be replacing the idea of God (the intelligent Force), with nature (an unknown entity without any will nor intelligence, yet said to be the cause) capable of creating many amazing things in this universe.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Historically, atheism or agnosticism came about because of rejection of certain absurd myths attributed to God, not an absolute rejection of the idea of God.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • “  Were they created of nothing, or were they themselves the creators?  Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, they have no firm belief.” ( Qur’an: Tur: 52: 35-36 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • MAN CREATED HIMSELF?
    IMPOSSIBLE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • MAN AND THE UNIVERSE COME OUT OF NOTHING?
    IMPOSSIBLE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • WHEN THE PREVIOUS TWO THESIS CANNOT BE POSSIBLE, THEN THERE MUST BE THE A CREATOR, SOURCE OF THIS EXISTENCE WHO ALONE WAS NOT CREATED.
    • (THE BEING WE REFER TO AS ‘GOD’ – the Divine, the Uncreated Creator )
    THIS IS THE ONLY POSSIBILITY. FOR THE VERY WORD ‘CREATION’ IMPLIES NEED FOR A ‘CREATOR’. WITHOUT WHICH, THE QUESTION AS TO OUR EXISTENCE, HOW CREATIONS BEGUN DOES NOT MAKE ANY SENSE – All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • ‘ Law’ of probability – between “ will ” and “ chance ”
    • The method
    1: 10 ⁼ 0.10 1: 10³ ⁼ 0. 001 1: 10 ¹⁰ ⁼ 0.0000000001 “ The greater the odd means, It is most unlikely i.e. It is too remote for it to occur merely by chance ......” WHAT ARE THE ODDS? “ probability of several pens stacking - one on top of each other .....” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • ‘ Law’ of probability – between “ will ” and “ chance ”
    • Consider the probability for life on earth.
    • Consider your biological beginning.
    • Consider other wondrous ‘miracles’ in creation.
    • The method
    • The proof
    • The closest evidence
    • The apparent Signs
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • The Brain is the centre which controls, directs and coordinates the varied activities of all the innumerable organs of the body. It receives messages from each of the senses, interprets them, sends the proper replies to the organs concerned so that the body reacts appropriately, and registers all the information received in the storage memory. Think of a huge telephone exchange in continual contact with every man, woman and child on earth, sending and receiving messages to and from each other one every few seconds ­and you have a faint idea of the incredibly complex organization of the brain ..... CONSIDER : All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) to read full article: http: // introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com
  • Obvious conclusion From the foregoing, we cannot imagine that the brain is just a lump of matter, accidently placed in our head! On the contrary, it is invested with profound significance The scientific fact shows that its existence and sustainment requires a " Will " or an " Intelligent Being ” who is both its Creator and the Sustainer. It is impossible for anything so meaningful and complex and yet orderly in its function to exist 'without the need for Allah, the Absolute One God, Who is the Creator, Sustainer, Nourisher of the Universe. CONSIDER : All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • CONSIDER : Animal wisdom speaks irresistibly of a good Creator who infused instinct into otherwise helpless little creatures. The young salmon spends years at sea, then comes back to his own river, and travels up the very side of the river into which flows the tributary where he was born. What brings him back so precisely? If you transfer him to another tributary he will know at once that he is off his course and he will fight his way down and back to the main stream and then turn up against the current to finish his destiny more accurately. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/2008/08/article-seven-reasons-why-scientist.html
  • CONSIDER : Even more difficult to solve is the mystery of eels. These amazing creatures migrate at maturity from all ponds and rivers everywhere those from Europe across thousands of miles of ocean - all bound for the same abysmal deeps near Bermuda. There they breed and die. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/2008/08/article-seven-reasons-why-scientist.html
  • CONSIDER : The little ones, with no apparent means of knowing anything except that they are in a wilderness of water, nevertheless find their way back not only to the very shore from which their parent came but thence to the rivers, lakes or little ponds - so that each body of water is always populated with eels. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/2008/08/article-seven-reasons-why-scientist.html to read full article: http: // introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com
  • CONSIDER : to read full article: http: // introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com No American eel has ever been caught in Europe, no European eel in African waters. Nature has even delayed the maturity of the European eel by a year or more to make up for it's longer journey. Where does the directing impulse originate? All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • "Say: 'He is Allah, the Absolute One. Allah is the Eternal, the Most besought of all, He begets not, and neither is He begotten; And there is nothing that could be compared to Him.” ( Qur'an: Surah al-ikhlas: 112: 1-4 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • "Say: if there had been (other) gods with Him― as they say, behold, they would certainly have sought out a way to the Lord of the Throne! Glory to him! He is high above all that they say! Exalted and Great (beyond measure) * !" ( Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 42-43 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • “ Parallel lines are two lines, when extended to infinity, they will not meet nor will their distance between them changes.”. NOTE: * God is the infinite being. So by “ infinite ” it means, “ limitless, unending, without end, boundless, beyond measure, etc. ” ∞ Extend to infinity All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • SUPPOSE: If you are to conceptually expand this box to infinity, can there be another box outside or besides it? All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • SUPPOSE: If you are to conceptually expand this box to infinity, can there be another box outside or besides it? IF YOU SAY “YES! THERE CAN BE ANOTHER BOX”, THIS MEANS THAT YOU HAVE NOT REALLY EXPANDED IT TO THE INFINITY, THAT IS STILL THEORETICALLY POSSIBLE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • SUPPOSE: If you are to conceptually expand this box to infinity, can there be another box outside or besides it? SO CONCEPTUALLY, WHEN WE REFER TO GOD AS THE “ INFINITE”, THERE CANNOT BE MORE THAN ONE INFINITE BEING. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) Sharing some personal Da’awah experience ....
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • “ They have certainly disbelieved (those) who say, "Allah (God) is the third of three." And there is no god except one God. And if they do not desist from what they are saying, there will surely afflict the disbelievers among them a painful punishment.” ( Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 73 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • “ O FOLLOWERS of the Gospel! Do not overstep the bounds [of truth] in your religious beliefs, and do not say of God anything but the truth. The Christ Jesus, son of Mary, was but God's Messenger - [the fulfilment of] His promise which He had conveyed unto Mary - and a soul created by Him. Believe, then, in God and His Messengers, and do not say, "[God is] a trinity". Desist [from this assertion] for your own good. God is but One God; utterly remote is He, in His glory, from having a son: unto Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth; and none is as worthy of trust as God.” ( Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 3: 171 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • In matters of doctrine about God, we cannot use reason, because God is infinite, while our mind is finite. What is finite cannot encompass the infinite. We regard “ Trinity ” as a mystery and accept it by Faith.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • In matters of doctrine about God, we cannot
    • use reason ...
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Even in this suggestion, it is itself a contradiction as we cannot help but use reason to make sense of it.
    • Surely, when God reveal truth, it must be in a form which we have been prepared to know. Man has been given “ reason ” so that he can discern, understand and arrive at knowing the truth in any matter. Especially in religion, any doctrines taught must be evaluated by reason – without which, it is advocating us to become ‘unreasonable’ which demeans our God-given faculty.
    • ... because God is infinite, while our mind is finite.
    • What is finite cannot encompass the infinite ....
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Using of reason is not about trying to ‘encompass’ something infinite, but only in comprehending and verifying truth within its finite capacity.
    • Example, when we are choosing to buy a calculator, it is irrelevant to ask : “Numbers are infinite, can this calculator compute infinite numbers?” Of course no calculator can. But this does not mean we cannot verify the workability of a calculator by using its finite potential and do a simple calculation.
    • ... because God is infinite, while our mind is finite.
    • What is finite cannot encompass the infinite ....
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • If by adding 1 + 1 + 1 , a calculator gives you the answer (=) as 1, would it not indicate defectiveness and you should not buy it?
    • Our mind may be finite, yet within its finite potential, we are expected to use it to verify. It is in this context we are taught to apply reasoning – not about trying to encompass what is infinite.
    • And our mind is capable of comprehending any inherent contradiction or absurdity, self-evident anomaly or antithetical assertions.
    • .... We regard “Trinity” as a mystery and accept it
    • by Faith.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • An assertion which is absurd, self-contradictory, antithetical etc. which our mind knows it to be so, is not a “ mystery ”.
    • By scrutinizing what is presented in the doctrine of “Trinity”, one can show how, or in what way it is absurd, why it is to be categorized as antithetical etc. It’s being “ anti-reason (unreasonable) ” is not a mystery, just as the absurdity of one who say “ this is a circle which is at the same time is a square”... !!?!
    • To brush it aside as though it is a mystery is misleading and deceptive.
    • .... We regard “Trinity” as a mystery and accept it
    • by Faith.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Others may use the term “Faith” as though to mean “ to accept and follow without question, a promise to accept, etc .” even when it is inherently opposed to our common sense. Islam is opposed to this.
    • In the Qur’an we are warned :
    • .... We regard “Trinity” as a mystery and accept it
    • by Faith.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Others may use the term “Faith” as though to mean “ to accept and follow without question, a promise to accept, etc. ” even when it is inherently opposed to our common sense. Islam is opposed to this.
    • In the Qur’an we are warned :
    “ And never concern thyself with anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily, [thy] hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it [on Judgment Day]! “ ( Qur’an: al-Isra’ : 17: 36 )
    • God is Great and He can do anything right? ....
    • So, why can’t He have a son?
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • .... God is Great and He can do anything right?
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Yes, God is great and He can do anything. Yet, there are some who may apply this phrase to then claim that therefore God can do things which are absurd.
    • God cannot do anything which is an “ impossibility ”. If anyone insist that this is possible, then such things should not be regarded as being impossible because, now he admits God can do it.
    • .... God is Great and He can do anything right?
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Example of absurdity: can God create another uncreated?
    • If God can do anything, can He create a rock so big that even He cannot carry?
    • Or can God ceased to be God? Can God be unjust? Or can God Who is forever-living , die? etc..
    • This is not in anyway limiting God’s power, but rather to prevent foolish people from ascribing absurd and illogical notions to God.
    • .... So, why can’t He have a son?
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • To suggest God to have a “ son ” is absurd. Words have meanings, and any statement which contain contradiction, is false and must be rejected. Consider:
    • “ God ” refers to a Divine being. By “ Divine ” it means inter alia, “ One Who does not need others for its existence; One Who is the Creator and not created; the First cause without any before Him, nothing precedes Him; etc .”
    • Whereas the term “ son ” implies that He must have a “ father ” without whom, this term “ son ” cannot be true. By virtue of this, the term “ son ” and “ Divine ” are contradictory terms.
    • .... So, why can’t He have a son?
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • In one interfaith dialogue, someone remarked to me: “ The son of a horse must be the same, i.e. It is also a horse, therefore the ‘son of God’ (mentioned in the Bible) is also God ” to which I refuted ......
    • “ but the God you refer to as the “Father”, has no father, whereas your so-called ‘son of God’ (you purport) has a father. So how can he (son) is said to be like his father (Who has no father) ?”
    • “ Do you believe in One God (monotheist)? If so, wouldn’t this literal understanding of ‘son’ means that there are two Gods, now? And why stop at one ..?”
    • .... So, why can’t He have a son?
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • .... So, why can’t He have a son?
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ As it is, some assert, "The Most Gracious has taken unto Himself a son!” Indeed, [by this assertion] you have brought forth something monstrous, whereat the heavens might well-nigh be rent into fragments, and the earth be split asunder, and the mountains fall down in ruins! That men should ascribe a son to the Most Gracious, although it is inconceivable that the Most Gracious should take unto Himself a son! Not one of all [the beings] that are in the heavens or on earth appears before the Most Gracious other than as a servant:” ( Qur’an: Mariam: 19: 88-93 )
  •  ” Behold! in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of Night and Day,― there are indeed Signs for men of understanding.― “ ( Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 3: 190 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “   I have only created jinns and men, that they may serve Me.  No sustenance do I require of them nor do I require that they should feed Me.” ( Qur’an: Dzaariat: 51: 56-57 )  
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “  Do they seek for other than the Religion of Allah?―While all creatures in the heavens and on earth have willing, or unwilling, bowed to His Will (submitted to His laws), and to Him shall they all be brought back.” ( Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 3: 83 )
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)   “ If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah’s will), never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost (all spiritual good).” ( Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 2: 85 ) 
  • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “ Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “ the Praised One ”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent.
  • “ There are many miracles of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. to be offered as the evidence, and the greatest and most outstanding of them is still available to be considered by anyone (even today, until the Day of Judgement ) is without doubt, the Qur’an .... ” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • “ The Criteria for a Holy Book” by : Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Singapore. - a case for the Qur’an http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ TO VIEW ON BLOG All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) TO BE CONTINUED – INSHA-ALLAAH
  • http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)