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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH                         MOST COMPASIONATE                         MOST MERCIFUL                      ...
FROM PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
FROM PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
FROM PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
FROM PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
FROM PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
FROM PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
FROM PREVIOUS LESSON          ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING SOME PEOPLE CLAIMING TO BE MUSLIMSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee ...
FROM PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
TO CONTINUEAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
N             M RI E)                  S          TA RCI             E        ( EX                   Get into groupings (n...
REFLECTIONS:                   Allah is the only One Who is God (Divine) and Who alone is                 Robb (Lord, Sus...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
Say: "O Allah! Lord of Power (and Rule) You gives Power to                    whom You pleases and You strips off power fr...
REFLECTIONS:                   It is within “SUNNA-TULLAH” the decree that certain beings in                creation are ...
        As in all things, nothing can occur except by the will and                permission of Allah.                   ...
          Even in ours lives, other things or beings do intervene or help                us to attain to some benefits wh...
        We can easily understand the workings of “the cause and effect”              regarding physical aspects, but what...
 It is in the area of the “unseen” (GHAYIBAH) that we are to be                  careful to distinguish between what is F...
 In a way the most common ‘intervention’ being our supplication to               Allah (Du’a) for one another.          ...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
“Those who sustain the Throne (of Allah) and those                           around it sing Glory and Praise to their Lord...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
• The term “                                “ pronounce “ SHAFA-’AT “ -             meaning :                             ...
 When discussing “SHAFA’AT ” , we are referring to “the help,                intercession or mediation” which Allah has p...
“And those whom they invoke besides Allah have no                        power of intercession;― except only those who bea...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
“Say: "Do ye see what it is ye invoke besides Allah?                           Show me what it is they have created on ear...
“And who is more astray than one who invokes,                                 besides Allah, such as will not answer him t...
 In these verses, it is clear that Allah chastise the MUSHRIKEEN                 (those who ascribe partners to Allah) be...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
“And [commanded], Direct your face toward the                              religion, inclining to truth, and never be of t...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
“And if Allah should touch you with adversity,                                there is no remover of it except Him; and if...
 Thus, for Muslim to believe that others amongst Allah’s creation                    to be capable of giving “SHAFA’AT” (...
“The happiest person who receive my intercession                           (in the Hereafter), will be he who says:       ...
 There will also be others – angels, prophets and righteous                      persons, who will be given the permissio...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
“Angels will intercede, the Prophets will intercede,                                 and the Believers will intercede (for...
 Another, which can intercede for us in the Hereafter is our                    deeds of sincere devotion e.g. Qur’anic r...
 Yet the most important point to note regarding “SHAFA’AT ”                     is that none of these things, people or e...
 Muslims upholding TAUHEED, always believe that every                       supplication (Du’a) is directed to Allah and ...
Say: "To Allah belongs exclusively (the right to grant)                              intercession (SHAFA’AT) : to Him belo...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
“Or, who (is it who) listens to the (soul) distressed                                when it calls on Him, and who relieve...
“How many so ever be the angels in the heavens, their                         intercession (SHAFA’AT) will avail nothing e...
“On that Day shall no intercession (SHAFA’AT) avail except                     for those for whom permission has been gran...
“Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him;                      but He forgives anything, else to whom H...
 There is no controversy regarding asking the “SHAFA’AT ” from a                 living righteous person.            Reg...
       However those who allows this argue that any request to a                 righteous person is in fact addressing t...
 As to the objection that these people are dead, some of the basis                 in response:                    “Think...
Taught us , when visiting the grave, to recite :                           ‘Peace be upon you all, O inhabitants of the gr...
       In this regard, those who prefer not to seek “SHAFA’AT ”                     upon the dead, as precaution to safeg...
 Some prefer to follow this opinion, not because they consider                    seeking “SHAFA’AT ” from the dead at gr...
 Yet, they who prefer this opinion, should not easily misjudge                  nor accuse other Muslims who do so, i.e. ...
“(Do not) call each other by (offensive) nicknames : Ill-seeming is                a name connoting wickedness, (to be use...
REMEMBER THIS IMPORTANT DZIKR                                    LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WAHDAHU –                    ...
DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD                            ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN              ...
IMPORTANT DU’A                             ALLAA-HUM-MA – ARI-NAL-HAQ-QA - HAQ-QAN                                     WAR...
TO BE CONTINUED -All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
All welcome to visit my web-blog:           •     http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/           •     http://introductiontota...
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“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED”
Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults
conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail


“SHAFA’AT” شَفَاعَة

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  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFUL LESSON #9 “INTRODUCTION TO THE M LE ODU E S STUDY OF TAUHEED” A NEW -COUR Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults CH ] BAT [2012 conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IT CAN ALSO BE A 16 weekly class started from: 3 March 2012 REFRESHER COURSE FOR Every Saturday night @ 8pm – 10pm MUSLIM PARENTS, Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, EDUCATORS, IN #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL For further information and registration contact E -mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” REVISED @ JUNE 2012)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  2. 2. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  3. 3. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  4. 4. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  5. 5. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  6. 6. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  7. 7. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  8. 8. FROM PREVIOUS LESSON ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING SOME PEOPLE CLAIMING TO BE MUSLIMSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  9. 9. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  10. 10. TO CONTINUEAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  11. 11. N M RI E) S TA RCI E ( EX Get into groupings (not more than 8 per group) and : 1. Re-cap and discuss briefly, each of your members understanding, comments and take- “Can I get to know you ? What have away from previous lesson on “TAWASSUL” we learnt?” 2. Then proceed to share your understanding of the term “SHAFA’AT ” HALAQAH You are given only 15 minutes to complete this assignmentAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  12. 12. REFLECTIONS:  Allah is the only One Who is God (Divine) and Who alone is Robb (Lord, Sustainer, Cherisher) of the worlds. He is the Absolute One without any partners, associate nor rival in His Divinity (TAUHEED AL-ULUHIYYAH) nor in His Lordship (TAUHEED RUBUBIYYAH).  He administers and sustains everything in accordance with His Ways (SUNNA-TULLAH).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  13. 13. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  14. 14. Say: "O Allah! Lord of Power (and Rule) You gives Power to whom You pleases and You strips off power from whom You pleases, You endues with honour whom You pleases, and You bring low, whom You pleases; in Your hand is all Good. Verily, over all things You have power.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 26)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  15. 15. REFLECTIONS:  It is within “SUNNA-TULLAH” the decree that certain beings in creation are accorded the permission by Allah SWT, to help, to intercede, to mediate, to plead for, to advocate on behalf, etc. for others.  This is the context of how Muslims view “TAWASSUL” and “SHAFA’AT ”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  16. 16.  As in all things, nothing can occur except by the will and permission of Allah. “Who is there that can intercede (YASH-FA’ ) in His presence except as He permits?” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 255)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  17. 17.  Even in ours lives, other things or beings do intervene or help us to attain to some benefits which Allah, in His Wisdom, have placed some benefits for us in or through them. In the physical or material nature, such ‘intervention’ can easily be understood.  Yet we know these do not possess independent power, but ultimately are conferred by Allah.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  18. 18.  We can easily understand the workings of “the cause and effect” regarding physical aspects, but what about in ‘spiritual or metaphysical’ matter or domain where science cannot reason it out?  This is where we have to rely upon true knowledge, (KHABAR SwODIQ) from Revelation, rather than accept what is being claimed by people.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  19. 19.  It is in the area of the “unseen” (GHAYIBAH) that we are to be careful to distinguish between what is False “BAATwIL”– termed as “KHURAFAT ” (superstitions) and myths (“TAKHAYYUL ”), from the True – “HAQQ-HAQIQAH” (reality) substantiated (or affirmed to exist by Islam).  And even those “unseen matters of intervention” affirmed to exist by Islam, it also differentiates those that is accepted and can be followed, from those to be shunned and rejected.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  20. 20.  In a way the most common ‘intervention’ being our supplication to Allah (Du’a) for one another.  In this world, there are presence of certain things and people in our midst, which can have an effect upon our well-being; so too are the interceding angels, persons and other creatures - pleading on our behalf, etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  22. 22. “Those who sustain the Throne (of Allah) and those around it sing Glory and Praise to their Lord; believe in Him; and implore forgiveness for those who believe: "Our Lord! Thy reach is over all things in Mercy, and Knowledge. Forgive, then, those who turn in repentance, and follow Thy Path: and preserve them from the Penalty of the Blazing Fire!” (Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 7)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  23. 23. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  24. 24. • The term “ “ pronounce “ SHAFA-’AT “ - meaning : “mediation, intercession, intervention, advocacy, pre-emption, etc.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  25. 25.  When discussing “SHAFA’AT ” , we are referring to “the help, intercession or mediation” which Allah has permitted for some among His creations, to make for others, in the Hereafter.  This “SHAFA’AT” can be given by, and only to benefit those who had adhered to TAUHEED, and not to the MUSHRIKEEN.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  26. 26. “And those whom they invoke besides Allah have no power of intercession;― except only those who bears witness to the Truth and they know (him).” (Qur’an: Zukhruf: 43: 86)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  27. 27. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  28. 28. “Say: "Do ye see what it is ye invoke besides Allah? Show me what it is they have created on earth, or have they a share (SHIRK) in the heavens? Bring me a Book (revealed) before this, or any remnant of knowledge (ye may have), if ye are telling the truth!“ (Qur’an: Ahqaf: 46: 4)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  29. 29. “And who is more astray than one who invokes, besides Allah, such as will not answer him to the Day of Judgement, and who (in fact) are unconscious of their call (to them)? (Qur’an: Ahqaf: 46: 5)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  30. 30.  In these verses, it is clear that Allah chastise the MUSHRIKEEN (those who ascribe partners to Allah) because their AQEEDAH (believe) is wrong – i.e. opposite to TAUHEED.  These verses do not refer to the MUWAHEEDIN (people upholding TAUHEED) who direct all Du’a or invocation to Allah Who Alone is Divine, who do not ascribe partners to Him.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  31. 31. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  32. 32. “And [commanded], Direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth, and never be of those who associate others with Allah; (MUSHRIKEEN); And do not invoke (make Du’a to others) besides Allah that which neither benefits you nor harms you, for if you did, then indeed you would be of the wrongdoers.‘” (Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 105-106)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  34. 34. “And if Allah should touch you with adversity, there is no remover of it except Him; and if He intends for you good, then there is no repeller of His bounty. He causes it to reach whom He wills of His servants. And He is the Forgiving, the Merciful“ (Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 107)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  35. 35.  Thus, for Muslim to believe that others amongst Allah’s creation to be capable of giving “SHAFA’AT” (with permission by Allah SWT, as explained) is not “SHIRK ”.  The greatest of which is the “SHAFA’AT” which Allah SWT granted upon our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. to make.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  36. 36. “The happiest person who receive my intercession (in the Hereafter), will be he who says: LAA-ILAA-HA-IL-LALLAH (There is no god except Allah), sincerely in his heart (i.e. pure from any SHIRK)” (Hadith reported by Bukhary & Muslim)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  37. 37.  There will also be others – angels, prophets and righteous persons, who will be given the permission by Allah SWT , to make “SHAFA’AT ” (intercession) in the Hereafter too.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  38. 38. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  39. 39. “Angels will intercede, the Prophets will intercede, and the Believers will intercede (for other people) until there remain nothing except the Mercy of the One Who is Most Merciful (Allah), Who will restrain the Fire of Hell and bring out from it, a people who have never done any good deed, (blackened) like a charred coal.” (Hadith reported by Muslim)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  40. 40.  Another, which can intercede for us in the Hereafter is our deeds of sincere devotion e.g. Qur’anic recitation or fasting; our worship and deeds of righteousness, etc.  Such deeds will appear on Judgement day as a person who will be ‘advocate interlocutor’ for the Believer who has performed them sincerely for Allah.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  41. 41.  Yet the most important point to note regarding “SHAFA’AT ” is that none of these things, people or even angels are Divine , or has the independent (exclusive) power to harm nor bring any benefit whatsoever, except only by Allah’s Will and permission.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  42. 42.  Muslims upholding TAUHEED, always believe that every supplication (Du’a) is directed to Allah and the right to fulfil or reject any requests belongs to Allah, Who Alone is God (Divine). Allah SWT has the absolute prerogative and power over all.  Make no mistake about this.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  43. 43. Say: "To Allah belongs exclusively (the right to grant) intercession (SHAFA’AT) : to Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: in the End, it is to Him that ye shall be brought back.“ (Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 44)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  44. 44. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  45. 45. “Or, who (is it who) listens to the (soul) distressed when it calls on Him, and who relieves its suffering, and makes you (mankind) inheritors of the earth? (Can there be another) god besides Allah? Little it is that ye heed!” (Qur’an: Naml: 27: 62)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  46. 46. “How many so ever be the angels in the heavens, their intercession (SHAFA’AT) will avail nothing except after Allah has given leave for whom He pleases and that he is acceptable to Him.” (Qur’an: Najm: 53: 26)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  47. 47. “On that Day shall no intercession (SHAFA’AT) avail except for those for whom permission has been granted by (Allah) Most Gracious and whose word is acceptable to Him.” (Qur’an: TaHa: 20: 109)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  48. 48. “Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him; but He forgives anything, else to whom He pleases; to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin most heinous indeed.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 48)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  49. 49.  There is no controversy regarding asking the “SHAFA’AT ” from a living righteous person.  Regarding whether this can still be sought from the dead, differences of opinion occur amongst Islamic scholars.  Those who objected perhaps would regard this as akin to “SHIRK” and thus forbade the practice.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  50. 50.  However those who allows this argue that any request to a righteous person is in fact addressing to the ‘soul’ of the person, not his physical self.  So, whether the person is dead or alive makes no difference.  And the request for “SHAFA’AT” is for the person to implore or plead or Du’a to Allah – not that he has the exclusive power to give what is being asked.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  51. 51.  As to the objection that these people are dead, some of the basis in response: “Think not of those who are slain in Allahs way as dead. Nay they live, finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 169)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  52. 52. Taught us , when visiting the grave, to recite : ‘Peace be upon you all, O inhabitants of the graves, amongst the believers and the Muslims. Verily we will, Allah willing, be united with you, we ask Allah for well-being for us and you.’All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  53. 53.  In this regard, those who prefer not to seek “SHAFA’AT ” upon the dead, as precaution to safeguard themselves from tarnishing their TAUHEED (as they understand it), is indeed commendable, and we respect this. Especially when to their mind, is somewhat ‘similar’ to what other religions may practice, while they are not able to distinguish the difference.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  54. 54.  Some prefer to follow this opinion, not because they consider seeking “SHAFA’AT ” from the dead at graves, tombs and shrines as wrong, but they prefer this opinion only to avoid the ‘ignorant’ public from misperceiving and blindly imitating their action for going there.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  55. 55.  Yet, they who prefer this opinion, should not easily misjudge nor accuse other Muslims who do so, i.e. visiting graves or shrines of Prophets (NABIYYIN), the Truthful (SWIDDIQEEN) Martyrs (SHUHADA’) and Righteous people (SWOLIHEEN) - by labelling them as “MUSHRIK“ (polytheist) OR “QUBURIYUN -grave worshippers”, etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  56. 56. “(Do not) call each other by (offensive) nicknames : Ill-seeming is a name connoting wickedness, (to be used of one) after he has believed: And those who do not desist are (Indeed) doing wrong.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 49: 11)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  57. 57. REMEMBER THIS IMPORTANT DZIKR LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WAHDAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL-HAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, “There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except Allah, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  58. 58. DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA – A’-LAMU, WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA – MI-NADZ—DZAM - BIL– LADZII - LAA – A’-LAM “O Allah! I seek refuge with You from committing SHIRK i.e. associating others with You, knowingly, and I seek Your forgiveness from the committing of the sins (of SHIRK) which I do not know.” (Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  59. 59. IMPORTANT DU’A ALLAA-HUM-MA – ARI-NAL-HAQ-QA - HAQ-QAN WAR- ZUQ-NAT - TI-BAA- ’A WA-ARI-NAL – BAA-TWILA – BAA-TWI-LAAN WAR-ZUQ-NAJ – TI –NAA - BAH “O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  60. 60. TO BE CONTINUED -All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  61. 61. All welcome to visit my web-blog: • http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ • http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ • http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ • http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ • http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ • http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ • http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ • http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ 61All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
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