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Slideshare (lesson#1a)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-15-january-2014 Slideshare (lesson#1a)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-15-january-2014 Presentation Transcript

  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFUL LESSON # 1a “INTRODUCTION TO STUDY OF TAUHEED – (AQA’ID)” TCH MAY A B YUAR ] N [JA 2014 Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 18 weekly class starting: 15th JANUARY 2014 Every Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL For further information and registration contact E -mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 developed96838279English-speaking Using curriculum he has / +65 especially for Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 Updated 15 January 2014
  • THE BER M EME … R All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 2
  • (Say:) ”Behold, my prayer, and [all] my acts of worship, my living and my dying are for God [Allah alone, Who is], the Sustainer of all the worlds, in whose divinity none has a share: for thus have I been bidden – and I shall [always] be foremost among those who surrender themselves to Him (Muslimeen).” (Qur’an: al-An’am:6:162) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • ”So set thou thy face steadily and truly to the faith: (establish) Allah's handiwork according to the pattern on which He has made mankind: no change (let there be) in the work (wrought) by Allah: that is the standard Religion: but most among mankind understand not.” (Surah Rum: 30: 30) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • ”Seest thou not how Allah sets forth a parable?― a goodly Word like a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the heavens― It brings forth its fruit at all times, by the leave of its Lord. So Allah sets forth parables for men, in order that they may receive admonition;” (Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 24-25) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • REFLECT : COMPONENTS OF A TREE seed Sprout Grow towards sunlight & Power to break rocks All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 Roots Trunk Leaves Layers of Bark Fruits 6
  • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) )
  • Western colonial powers introduced their schooling system, even though natives already have their own- i.e. either vernacular or religious based. When linked to economic and job opportunities, which favoured cohorts from such schools, private native or religious full-time schools lost its appeal. Yet, Muslims students generally were provided Islamic religious classes outside school hours at home, mosques or the madrasah (part-time). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) )
  • Full-time madrasah gradually evolved distinctly to focus in producing the elite – “teachers of Islam” - to ensure the rest of the Muslims are guided with their Islamic knowledge. Thus, other Muslim students were made to adapt to this “dualistic education system” – full-time conventional school (academic) and part-time (religious) taught by these teachers. The full-time Madrasah is therefore an exception rather than the rule; fully private and independent, constituting only less than 4% of the total cohorts; sustained by the community & philanthropists. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) )
  • Students who were sent to these full-time Madrasah originally, were those with parents with altruistic-religious reasons, not due to economic gains as their primary reason. The basic curriculum at the primary level were equally needed by those who do not attend full-time Madrasah. To accommodate these, traditional Madrasah extended their function or assign their students to conduct part-time Madrasah. We in Singapore have had over 30 registered independent madrasahs but today it dwindled to only 6 which are as full-time schools. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) )
  • When at one time, IRK (Islamic Religious Knowledge) was incorporated in government schools which somewhat took on the function which independent Madrasah had fulfilled, its proliferation and existence then became regarded as less urgent. Lulled into the availability of ‘alternative’, many of these part-time Madrasah lost its appeal leading to lesser cohorts and gradually became neglected. When IRK was scrapped from being taught in government schools, it hence left a major void. We have not yet fully recovered from this ‘traumatic’ loss . The truncation from our tradition and loss of Adab - have now caused many to ‘experiment’ with many kinds of curriculum or approaches. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) )
  • Independent – by community HALAQAH KUTTAB VISITING ISLAMIC SCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOL MOSQUE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • Independent – by community HALAQAH KUTTAB VISITING ISLAMIC SCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOL Government controlled BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLS MOSQUE Seen as alien (and Christian), generally the indigenous Malay-Muslims then, were afraid to sending their children All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • Independent – by community HALAQAH KUTTAB VISITING ISLAMIC SCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOL Government controlled BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLS MOSQUE VERNACULAR SCHOOLS To remove the fear, the British colonial Government Introduced Vernacular schools referred to as ‘Sekolah Melayu’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • Independent – by community HALAQAH KUTTAB VISITING ISLAMIC SCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOL Government controlled BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLS MOSQUE ARABIC SCHOOL ( Madrasah) Yet, full-time schools teaching Islam continued but to differentiate it, began to be referred to as ‘Sekolah Arab’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) VERNACULAR SCHOOLS
  • Independent – by community HALAQAH KUTTAB Government controlled VISITING ISLAMIC SCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOL BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLS MOSQUE ARABIC SCHOOL ( Madrasah) SEKOLAH AGAMA (Madrasah) More such school teaching the religion sprouted. And to emphasize its religious orientation, these schools then were simply called “Sekolah Agama” or the Arabic “Madrasah” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) VERNACULAR SCHOOLS
  • Independent – by community HALAQAH KUTTAB VISITING ISLAMIC SCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOL Government controlled BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLS MOSQUE ARABIC SCHOOL ( Madrasah) SEKOLAH AGAMA (Madrasah) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) VERNACULAR SCHOOLS Asaatizah absorbed by M.O.E into vernacular schools to teach I.R.K. (Islamic Religious knowledge)
  • Independent – by community HALAQAH KUTTAB VISITING ISLAMIC SCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOL Government controlled BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLS MOSQUE ARABIC SCHOOL ( Madrasah) SEKOLAH AGAMA (Madrasah) VERNACULAR SCHOOLS Asaatizah absorbed by M.O.E into vernacular schools to teach I.R.K. (Islamic Religious knowledge) With the availability of lesson on Islam, the general Malay-Muslim population’s concern for their children’s Islamic education were pacified All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • Independent – by community HALAQAH KUTTAB VISITING ISLAMIC SCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOL Government controlled BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLS MOSQUE ARABIC SCHOOL (Madrasah) SEKOLAH AGAMA (Madrasah) VERNACULAR SCHOOLS Asaatizah absorbed by M.O.E into vernacular schools to teach I.R.K. (Islamic Religious knowledge) INTEGRATED SCHOOLS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • Independent – by community HALAQAH KUTTAB VISITING ISLAMIC SCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOL Government controlled BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLS MOSQUE ARABIC SCHOOL (Madrasah) SEKOLAH AGAMA (Madrasah) VERNACULAR SCHOOLS Asaatizah absorbed by M.O.E into vernacular schools to teach I.R.K. (Islamic Religious knowledge) INTEGRATED SCHOOLS FULL ENGLISH MEDIUM SCHOOLS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • Independent – by community HALAQAH KUTTAB VISITING ISLAMIC SCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOL Government controlled BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLS MOSQUE ARABIC SCHOOL (Madrasah) SEKOLAH AGAMA (Madrasah) VERNACULAR SCHOOLS Asaatizah absorbed by M.O.E into vernacular schools to teach I.R.K. (Islamic Religious knowledge) INTEGRATED SCHOOLS FULL ENGLISH MEDIUM SCHOOLS TEACHING I.R.K TOTALLY SCRAPPED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • Independent – by community HALAQAH KUTTAB VISITING ISLAMIC SCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOL Government controlled BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLS MOSQUE ARABIC SCHOOL (Madrasah) MADRASAH Home-based study circles; Family trust; MUIS - mosgues; Islamic organizations; VERNACULAR SCHOOLS Asaatizah absorbed by M.O.E into vernacular schools to teach I.R.K. (Islamic Religious knowledge) INTEGRATED SCHOOLS FULL ENGLISH MEDIUM SCHOOLS private schools ; individual scholars; etc. TEACHING I.R.K TOTALLY SCRAPPED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • Every tree begun from a seed, and would grow in stages – from seedling into a plant which from its onset develops several important crucial components viz. Its roots, its stems which then grow into trunk and branches, its barks and leaves etc. All of these has to be nurtured and let to grow in tandem – as and when conditions permits. If any of these is neglected, or process for their growth stymied to only allow one component to be fully developed without these others – then the tree may be harmed. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  •  Due to this circumstances, our parents have sent us to ‘Islamic religious classes’ for our basic (FARDHU’AIN) , as well as to then attend conventional school.  Yet, both types of education have different aims, objectives and concerns.  Unfortunately many later emphasized too much upon conventional schooling and neglected continuing with their crucial Islamic Fardhu’ain learning and education . “Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his (one) body “ (Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 4) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 24
  • WHAT’S NEXT ? (FOLLOW-UP AFTER THE BEGINNERS’ COURSE) “ .. Islamic education is organic, just like a plant, it has to be continuously nurtured to develop a Muslim to grow to be like the good tree’ .. insha-Allah! ...” (Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • WHAT’S NEXT ? All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • WHAT’S NEXT ? All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM TAUHEED - ‘AQIDAH (Creed or Theology)   All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM TAUHEED - ‘AQIDAH (Creed or Theology)   Purpose / Objective Development of Certainty (Belief) Awareness of Reality / Truth Develop discernment between Truth & Falsehood, What is involved? ‘Aql - (proper use of Reason / Intellect) Fitrah - Instincts & innate feeling (perception) Tauqifiy – Revelations & reliable traditions What is the Effect? To develop firm conviction, strong principle, Commitment to concept of Unity & Justice of Allah (Tauheed); knowing the true purpose, role and Destiny of Man. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 29
  • Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM TAUHIID - ‘AQIDAH (Creed or Theology)   RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY Purpose / Objective KNOWLEDGE: Development of Certainty (Belief) Languages, Logic & philosophy, Awareness of Reality Botany, Epistemology, Biology, / Truth Develop discernment between sciences, Falsehood, Chemistry, Physical Truth & Astronomy, Geology, History, Anthropology, Marine & Space, What is involved? Etc. ‘Aql - (proper use of Reason / Intellect) Fitrah - Instincts & innate feeling (perception) Tauqifiy – Revelations & reliable traditions What is the Effect? To develop firm conviction, strong principle, Commitment to concept of Unity & Justice of Allah (Tauheed); knowing the true purpose, role and Destiny of Man. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 30
  • Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   Purpose / Objective Development of Correct Practices; Submission & Obedience to Will of Allah (Islam) What is involved? Knowing the law, rules as Guidance to every aspect of life Capability to implementing them in life What is the Effect? To develop a community of people, Inviting to what is good Enjoining what is right, and forbidding evil, Advocating the fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 32
  • Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   Purpose / Objective Development of Correct Practices; Submission & Obedience to Will of Allah (Islam) BROAD EXTENT OF TOPICS COVERED IN FIQH What is involved? ‘ibadah (personal devotion /rules as Guidance to every aspect of life Knowing the law, worship) Muamalah (social transaction) Capability to implementing them in life Munakahah (Marriage & family) What is the Effect? Irth / fara’id (Distribution of wealth) To develop a community of people, Jinayah Inviting to what is good (crimes & punishment) Qodha’iyah (judiciary) Enjoining what is right, and forbidding evil, Advocating the/ Da’wah (struggle in war & peace) jihad fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), imarah (Leadership/government) Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 33
  • Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah) RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY KNOWLEDGE:   All applied sciences, technology Purpose / Objective and skills, knowledge of economics, politics, social & Development of Correct Practices; administrative Submission & Obedience to Will of Allah (Islam) sciences etc. that can assist in the fulfilment of establishing justice, order, peace, What is involved? Knowing the harmony, prosperity, physical law, rules as Guidance to every aspect of life Capability progress, and them in life with moralto implementingthe well-being of Man & society, etc. What is the Effect? To develop a community of people, Inviting to what is good Enjoining what is right, and forbidding evil, Advocating the fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 34
  • Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM AKHLAQ / TASAWWUF / IRFAN (Science of human Disposition/ Sufism)   All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM AKHLAQ / TASAWWUF / IRFAN (Science of human Disposition/ Sufism)   Purpose / Objective Development of Righteous Personality Purification/perfection of the Self What is involved? Reforming or purification of the Self (Nafs) Best behaviour in relationship with Allah, within oneself, and with others. Knowledge of Self and of Allah (Gnosis) What is the Effect? Development of Most noble personality traits Founded on Love of Allah, of all His prophets [Nabiyyin] especially the Seal of Prophethood Muhammad s.a.w., his Household [itrah or Ahlul-bayti wa Aali -Rasul] and loyal Companions [Ashaab], In fellowship with the Truthful [siddiqqin], the Witnesses & martyrs [shuhada] and the Righteous servants of Allah [Solihin]; Striving to purify the Self (Nafs) and adorning it with the Exalted Moral traits of Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. (The Perfected Man – “Insan Kaamil”) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 36
  • Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM AKHLAQ / TASAWWUF / IRFAN (Science of human Disposition/ Sufism)   Purpose / Objective RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY KNOWLEDGE: Development of Righteous Personality This aspect of development requires Purification/perfection of the being practical behaviour, the aspect ofSelf and becoming. Its area of development is the innerWhat is involved? psyche’ or Self, the ‘human Reforming or purification of the Selfhis the state of the Soul reflected in (Nafs) Best behaviour in relationship with close Disposition (Akhlaq). Therefore, theAllah, within perhaps be with others. equivalent mayoneself, and‘human’ psychology, Knowledge of Self and of Allah (Gnosis) behavioural sciences, manners & discipline, etc. What is the Effect? Development of Most noble personality traits Founded on Love of Allah, of all His prophets [Nabiyyin] especially the Seal of Prophethood Muhammad s.a.w., his Household [itrah or Ahlul-bayti wa Aali -Rasul] and loyal Companions [Ashaab], In fellowship with the Truthful [siddiqqin], the Witnesses & martyrs [shuhada] and the Righteous servants of Allah [Solihin]; Striving to purify the Self (Nafs) and adorning it with the Exalted Moral traits of Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. (The Perfected Man – “Insan Kaamil”) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 37
  • This module # Intermediate on: PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVE Development of Certainty (Belief) Awareness of Reality / Truth Develop discernment between Truth & Falsehood, All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • WARNING! Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • WARNING! Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: “Whoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue with the learned (scholars), or to brag with the foolish; or with it to attract peoples’ attention to himself; Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire.” (Hadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn Majah) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • WARNING! All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • ADDENDUM Avoid polemics regarding (niyyat). (Difference between Maslahat al-mursala and Bid’ah) 1. Niyyat : Essentials (rukn ’) in every worship (servitude). 2. Intention is formulated in the heart and mind. 3. In language that one understands. 4. Conscious awareness accompanying the act. 5. Clarity of action and purpose. 6. To eradicate ambiguity. 7. Sincerity towards Allah s.w.t. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • ADDENDUM As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad (rahimahullah) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • ADDENDUM “I intend to learn and teach (knowledge), to gain and to share benefits, to receive and to give reminders, to seek (Allah’s) bestowals and to bestow (upon others), to holdfast to the teachings of the Book of Allah (Qur’an) and As-Sunnah of His Messenger s.a.a.w. , to invite towards the right guidance, to show to the path of goodness, beseeching and seeking to please Allah s.w.t., so as to gain nearness to Him and hoping for (His acceptance and) His reward. Amin” As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad (rahimahullah) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE COURSE & METHOD OF APPROACH All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Lesson # 1 A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE COURSE & METHOD OF APPROACH By : Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Intermediate Islamic Course conducted (since 1990's) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Faith (IIMAN), from the Islamic perspective is not mere blind acceptance. It is a process of acquiring a knowledge of certainty in which we confirm with our innate nature and sense faculties especially that of reason - till we develop conviction. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Basic and most fundamental message of Islam is the KALIMATUT-TAUHEED (Statement concerning the Absolute Oneness of God), in Arabic: LAA-ILAA-HA-IL-LALLAAH “There is no other god (object of worship) except Allah (God)." All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • The message of Islam is very simple and exact, yet profound. It stresses upon mankind to recognize the Truth that there is only one God, the Creator, Sustainer, Cherisher of the Universe, -besides Whom there is no other god. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • The Arabic proper noun “Allah” for God, refers to the One Supreme Being, Who is Absolute, Unique and without equal. “Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah. No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • From the above statement, there are 2 aspects which we are required to confirm and develop Faith (iiman) in : (1) Recognizing and be convinced in the existence of God; And (2) That there is none other except ‘Allah’, the Absolute One God (i.e. He is without equal or partner; sharing with no one His Divinity, for there is none like Him) . All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • TAUQIFIYYAH - i. e. by relying upon true report, which have already been ascertained as to its reliability as being authoritative – for Muslims, the using of evidence from the Al-Qur’an (Revelation) and authenticated Ahadith (Sunnah - sayings, actions or consent of the Prophet); All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • FITRAH - i.e. by relying upon our natural or innate human instincts, intuitions; All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • ‘AQLIIYAH - i.e. by the using of the faculty of reasoning, thought process; All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Man cannot claim to be born with knowledge, but that knowledge is acquired. It is bestowed upon him through experience, inspiration and insight. We recognize great thinkers with their profound discoveries of the laws of the universe, and that is basically how science developed. But science is only limited to certain aspects of knowledge and cannot traverse the great mysteries of the infinite. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Yet history recognizes other types of luminaries, who were people gifted with the knowledge that delves beyond the boundaries of physics into the realm of the metaphysics. They were the prophets and messenger of God sent throughout history, repeating the same message in the existence of God, and inviting mankind towards the way of submission to the One Creator of the Universe. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • The last of these messengers was Muhammad s.a.w. who has left behind to posterity, his teachings in the Qur'an and his Sunnah. In themselves, the Qur'an and Sunnah are the undeniable evidence of his NUBUWWAT (prophethood) – With verifiable evidence of which have been preserved in its pristine state even till the present age. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • He was indeed a messenger of God from Whom he received enlightenment of the profound Reality. Thus, by relying upon the authority of the Qur'an and the Sunnah itself, Muslims are convinced about the existence of God. Note: Yet in the QUR’AN, Allah does not only inform man of His existence but offers sound arguments, appealing to the inherent instinct in man as well as to man's ability to use his reason. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Man has certain natural instincts to perceive the existence of One whom they call God. In these naturally endowed pure instincts (fitrah salee-ma), they lead man towards the recognition, by sense intuition - that there must exist, the Almighty Being, a ‘conscious Force’ Who overseas over his life and the entire Universe, not attributing the whole creations simply as product of ‘Nature’. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • The instinct of fear is one of the most profound. Another is that of hope; yearning towards a sense of justice and fair play; the innate ability to appreciate what is right and wrong; inclination towards orderliness and progress; striving for perfection, etc. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • These pure instincts (intuitions), although they may have become dimmed or corrupted, or be affected by doubts and scepticism, yet its presence in every person is undeniable and is the reason why in many communities throughout the world's history there are evidence of some form of worship to God - i.e. the notion of a Supreme Being. From the simple tribal society, to renown civilizations - evidence can be found. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Although some scientists may scoffed at this because they could not satisfactorily understand them, yet they can neither prove nor disprove all of them using empirical methods. And although by relying upon innate instinct and intuition, some people may have deviated away from the belief that the Creator is One, into ascribing pantheons of deities, yet deep down in their instinct there still reverberates that only One is the Almighty Lord of all creation. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • “If indeed thou ask them who has created the heavens and the earth and subjected the sun and the moon (to His Law); they will certainly reply "Allah (God)." How are they then deluded away (from the truth)?” (Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 61) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Say: "who is it that delivers you from the dark recesses of land and sea, when ye call upon Him in humility and silent terror: `if He only delivers us from these (dangers), (we vow) we shall truly show our gratitude'.?" (Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 63) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Say: "It is Allah that delivers you from these and all (other) distresses: and yet ye worship false gods!" (Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 64) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Say: "He hath power to send calamities on you, from above and below, or to cover you with confusion in party strife, giving you a taste of mutual vengeance― each from the other." See how We explain the Signs by various (symbols) that they may understand. (Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 65) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • “and yet, to all this thy peoples have given the lie, although it is the truth. Say [then]: "I am not responsible for your conduct. Every tiding [from Allah] has a term set for its fulfilment: and in time you will come to know [the truth].". (Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 66-67) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Atheism is a new phenomena in the history of mankind and cannot be said to be natural. It is totally against the pure instinct of man, not to believe in a supernatural being - for this would only be replacing the idea of ‘God’ (the intelligent Force), with ‘nature’ (an unknown entity without any will nor intelligence, yet said to be the cause) capable of creating many amazing things in this universe ! Historically, atheism or agnosticism came about because of rejection of certain absurd myths attributed to God, not an absolute rejection of the idea of God. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Unlike some other religion, Islam recognizes the use of reasoning faculty, and in fact it encourages man to use them because, from the point of view of Islam, the mind or reasoning faculty is the greatest gift of God. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Although reason itself cannot fathom the infinite mysteries yet it is the means by which man can verify and confirm truth. And in this very way has the Qur'an spoke to man and invite them to recognize the existence of God. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • It provides verifiable arguments to convince the doubters, by methods of pondering upon certain observable phenomena in ourselves and our surroundings: All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • [Or do they deny the existence of God?] Have they themselves been created without anything [that might have caused their creation]? or were they, perchance, their own creators? [And] have they created the heavens and the earth? Nay, but they have no certainty of anything!” (Qur’an: Tur: 52: 35-36) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • “Had there been in heaven or on earth any deities other than Allah, both [those realms would surely have fallen into ruin! But limitless in His glory is Allah, enthroned in His awesome almightiness far] above anything that men may devise by way of definition!” (Qur’an: Tur: 52: 35-36) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Say: "If there were as some people assert [other] deities side by side with Him, surely [even] they would have to strive to find a way unto Him who is enthroned on His almightiness?“ Limitless is He in His glory, and sublimely, immeasurably exalted above anything that men may say [about Him]” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 42-43) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
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  • “Never did Allah take unto Himself any offspring, nor has there ever been any deity side by side with Him: [for, had there been any,] lo! each deity would surely have stood apart [from the others] in whatever it had created, and they would surely have [tried to] overcome one another! Limitless in His glory is Allah, [far] above anything that men may devise by way of definition,” (Qur’an: al-Mu’minun: 23: 91) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
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  • (1) Things that we see around us are 'new' and were created . Creation must emanate from outside creation i.e. the Uncreated. (2) Things are in constant state of motion. We cannot conceive motion to have perpetually existed without a beginning (i.e. it must start from a state of motionless). (3) The dependability of things towards a cause or initiator . So where do all things began? All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • (4) The existence of a unified order in the universe . To attribute this order to random chance is most improbable without a universal will (intelligent force). (5) The realization that for this universe to exist as it does, there must be a Sustainer. The complexity for its being sustained, and dependability of things to other things affecting it besides itself, indicate the determination by a 'cosmic force.‘ All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • (6) Inherent preparedness in our creation, as well as in animals, plants, etc. This preparedness cannot be something evolved because without it, that animals or plants would not have any chance to begin to survive in the first place. (7) Time and the aging factor in our Universe. This would make us ponder concerning the meta-concept of the infinity (past) and eternity (future) - the concepts of the Divine. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • (8) The 'law' of probability. The computation which actually informs us (mathematically) of the utter remoteness of creation being the outcome of chance accidents. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE COURSE & METHOD OF APPROACH All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • The term TAUHEED is derived from Arabic word "Ahad”(Absolute One) "Wahada" (Oneness attested) “Yuwaa-hidu" (he unify or attest to the Oneness) – “Tauhee-dan” (you attest to its' Oneness). Therefore it implies an act of attesting to the Belief in the Oneness of Allah (God) Who is the Absolute One; by first having conviction in our hearts and mind, and manifesting them in our life, through words and deeds. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • There are five approaches or methodology (types) of attestation– in the Islamic tradition (that I was taught) , which as Muslims we are to be inculcated with - each having a specific expectation, as will be explained herewith, are : All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • (1) TAUHEED AL-KHALI-QIYYAH That we affirm and are convinced that every creation in the universe was created by One Creator, Allah (God) of all the worlds – Who alone is the Uncreated Being. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • (2) TAUHEED AR-RUBUB-BIYYAH Acknowledgement that the entire Universe is sustained and cherished, by the One God (Allah) - Who has no equal, partner nor associates. That over all things Allah (God) has power which is ever present and constantly manifested thereby. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • ( 3) TAUHEED AL - ULU-HIYYAH or 'UBUDIYYAH Acknowledgement that there is only One God (Allah), Who Alone is Divine, deserving of our worship and servitude. There is no god except Him. He is Allah the Absolute, Eternal. Who has no equal nor partner. The Most besought unto Whom we rely. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • ( 3) TAUHEED AL - ULU-HIYYAH or 'UBUDIYYAH Allah, the One and only God, deserving of our worship or servitude (with our entire life) , and we are to deny every forms of associating His Divinity with anyone or anything. This associating or ascribing others with God is antithetical to Tauheed, termed as “ SHIRK ”. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • ( 3) TAUHEED AL - ULU-HIYYAH or 'UBUDIYYAH Since we know that our being created is but to fulfil a reason best known to our Maker, therefore we are to manifest our acknowledgement of this in our life through a total form of worship or servitude by following the Guidance from Him, established by the Messenger of Allah s.a.w. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • (4) TAUHEED AS-SIFAT That we affirm and attest that Allah, the Unique God as having all the attributes of perfection, befitting His Majesty and Holiness, and reject all the absurd attributes which man may attribute to Him - as the rationalist (MU‘TAZILITES) had done, imputing imperfections in God when they try to fathom the knowledge about God using the human mind, ratio. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • (4) TAUHEED AS-SIFAT In Islam, the knowledge of Who is God (Allah), must come from God (Allah). Those verses which require interpretation must be consistent with the clear and explicit verses as guideline. Thus the Islamic doctrines derived would not be some absurd notion, myths, superstitions, ideas or concepts antithetical to reason. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • (4) TAUHEED AS-SIFAT Traditionally, the 13 or 20 attributes of God (SIFAATULLAAH) are taught in traditional Islamic scholarship, to counter them, using basis both from Revelation (NAQLIYYAH) and reason (‘AQLIYYAH). All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • (4) TAUHEED AS-SIFAT This method serves as refutation towards the deviations of the rationalists and innovators who appeared later in history, much influenced by philosophy of others. This is required for upholding the original creed or doctrine of the AHL-AS-SUNNAH WA ALJAMA’AH - of the SALAFUS- SOLIHEEN (the pious predecessors). All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • (5) TAUHEED AL-ASMA' That we affirm and attest that Allah is One, Unique, unmatched in His Exaltedness and has all the Beautiful Names which He has revealed and we glorify, invoke and beseech Him by These Holy Names. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • (5) TAUHEED AL-ASMA' Affirmations of which require us also to reflect some of His attributes in ourselves, by reciprocating those godly quality in our life, such as in His Compassion, Mercy, Justice etc. so as to be deserving of His Compassion, Mercy etc. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • (5) TAUHEED AL-ASMA' Through observing many of His Signs in nature, we reflect our belief in these Names - and try to read and confirm these attributes and of the act (AF -‘AL) - of the One God - which are manifested in the Qur'an (AYAAT QAW-LIYAH) and in the whole creations and alternations of night and day (AYAAT KAUNIYAH). All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • The true aspiration towards being close to our Compassionate and Loving Creator, has to begin by knowing Him and with striving towards achieving His Pleasure (Mardhaa-tillah - ) following the path of TAUHEED – leading to the love of Allah. To attain this, Allah s.w.t. has provided the Guidance and the Guide, the Last Messenger, Seal of the Prophethood, Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.: All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
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  • Say [O Prophet]: "If you love Allah, follow me, [and]Allah will love you and forgive you your sins; for Allah is muchforgiving, a dispenser of grace.“ Say: “Pay heed unto Allah and the Messenger.” And if they turn away - verily, Allah does not love those who deny the truth.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 31-32) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • CONCLUSION: Thus the Concept of Tauheed which serves as the foundation of the teachings of Islam can only be accomplished by following no other way except the way shown by Allah s.w.t. through His prophets and Messengers. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • CONCLUSION: The Last of Allah’s Prophets and Messengers, who came to supersede them all, guided by Allah's revelation to establish al-Islam as the perfected Deen al-Islam, is prophet Muhammad ibnu 'Abdillah s.a.w - the Last Messenger and the Seal of prophethood. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • CONCLUSION: And certainly there will be no other prophet after him. That is why the Kalimah of al-Islam for every Muslim must be completed with : MUHAM-MADUR-RA-SUU-LULLAH "Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah". All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • CONCLUSION: And further elaborations after TAUHEED would include aspects emanating from it such as: (AL- ‘ADALAH) : QADHA’-WAL-QADR (SAM-’IYYAT) : AL-GHAYB– RISAALAH - NUBUWWAT (AL-AAKHIRAH) QIYAMAH – HISAB – MIZAN – SIRAT – JANNAH - AN-NAR All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF ITS HISTORY AND RELEVANCE FOR MUSLIMS TO BE CONTINUED ..... INSHA-ALLAH All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 109