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Slideshare (lesson # 8)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-shafa'at-9-april-2014

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  • 1. Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speakingUsing curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims.Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” IT CAN ALSO BE AIT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSEREFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIMFOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS,PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARYIN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE.SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALLOPEN TO ALL IN THE NAME OF ALLAHIN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATEMOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL # 8# 8 For further information and registration contact EFor further information and registration contact E-mail :-mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.comad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 LESSON “INTRODUCTION TO STUDY OF TAUHEED – (AQA’ID) ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Updated 9 April 2014Updated 9 April 2014 BATCH - [JANUARY-MAY 2014] 18 weekly class started on :18 weekly class started on : 15th JANUARY 201415th JANUARY 2014 Every Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pmEvery Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid KassimWisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim WHAT IS “WHAT IS “ SHAFAA-’ AT “SHAFAA-’ AT “
  • 2. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 3. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 4. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 5. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 6. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 7. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 8. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING SOME PEOPLE CLAIMING TO BE MUSLIMS FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 9. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 10. TO CONTINUETO CONTINUE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 11. Get into groupings (not more than 8 per group)Get into groupings (not more than 8 per group) and :and : 1. Re-cap and discuss briefly, each of your1. Re-cap and discuss briefly, each of your members understanding, comments and take-members understanding, comments and take- away from previous lesson on “away from previous lesson on “TAWASSULTAWASSUL”” 2. Then proceed to share your understanding of2. Then proceed to share your understanding of the term “the term “SHAFAA-’ATSHAFAA-’AT ”” You are given onlyYou are given only 15 minutes15 minutes to complete this assignmentto complete this assignment TAMRIN TAMRIN (EXERCISE (EXERCISE)) ““Can I get to knowCan I get to know you ? What haveyou ? What have we learnt?”we learnt?” HALAQAH All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 12. REFLECTIONS:REFLECTIONS:  Allah is the only One Who is God (Divine) and Who alone isAllah is the only One Who is God (Divine) and Who alone is Robb (Lord, Sustainer, Cherisher) of the worlds. He is theRobb (Lord, Sustainer, Cherisher) of the worlds. He is the Absolute One without any partners, neither associate nor rival inAbsolute One without any partners, neither associate nor rival in His Divinity (His Divinity (TAUTAUHHEED AL-ULUHIYYAHEED AL-ULUHIYYAH) nor in His Lordship) nor in His Lordship ((TAUTAUHHEED RUBUBIYYAHEED RUBUBIYYAH).).  He administers and sustains everything in accordance with HisHe administers and sustains everything in accordance with His Ways (Ways (SUNNA-TULLAHSUNNA-TULLAH).). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 13. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 14. Say: "Say: "O Allah!O Allah! Lord of Power (and Rule)Lord of Power (and Rule) YouYou gives Power togives Power to whomwhom YouYou pleases andpleases and YouYou strips off power from whomstrips off power from whom YouYou pleases,pleases, YouYou endues with honour whomendues with honour whom YouYou pleases, andpleases, and YouYou bring low, whombring low, whom YouYou pleases; inpleases; in YourYour hand is all Good.hand is all Good. Verily, over all thingsVerily, over all things YouYou have power.”have power.” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 26Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 26)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 15.  It is within “It is within “SUNNA-TULLAHSUNNA-TULLAH” – (Law or Way determined by Allah),” – (Law or Way determined by Allah), that the decree which certain beings in creation are accorded withthat the decree which certain beings in creation are accorded with capabilities and certain function with the permission by Allah SWT, -capabilities and certain function with the permission by Allah SWT, - even to help, to intercede, to mediate, to plead for, to advocate oneven to help, to intercede, to mediate, to plead for, to advocate on behalf, etc. for others - is to be understood.behalf, etc. for others - is to be understood.  This is the context of how Muslims view “This is the context of how Muslims view “TAWASSULTAWASSUL” and” and ““SHAFAA-’ATSHAFAA-’AT ” which cannot be misconstrued to opposed our” which cannot be misconstrued to opposed our affirmation ofaffirmation of TAUTAUHHEED AR-RUBUBIYYAHEED AR-RUBUBIYYAH andand TAUTAUHHEED AL-EED AL- ULUHIYYAH.ULUHIYYAH. REFLECTIONS:REFLECTIONS: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 16.  As in all things, nothing can occur except by the will andAs in all things, nothing can occur except by the will and permission of Allah.permission of Allah. ““Who is there that can intercede (Who is there that can intercede (YASH-FA’YASH-FA’ ) in His presence) in His presence except as He permitsexcept as He permits? (? (IL-LAA BI-IDZ-NIHIIL-LAA BI-IDZ-NIHI)”)” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 255Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 255)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 17.  Even in ours lives, other things or beings do intervene or helpEven in ours lives, other things or beings do intervene or help us to attain to some benefits which Allah, in His Wisdom, haveus to attain to some benefits which Allah, in His Wisdom, have placed benefits for us, in them or through them. In the physicalplaced benefits for us, in them or through them. In the physical or material nature, such ‘or material nature, such ‘interventionintervention’ can easily be understood.’ can easily be understood.  However we know that these ‘causality’ are all mere creationsHowever we know that these ‘causality’ are all mere creations and do not possess independent power, but ultimatelyand do not possess independent power, but ultimately dependent upon Allah. Their ability are only as in accordancedependent upon Allah. Their ability are only as in accordance with the potentialities conferred to them by Allah.with the potentialities conferred to them by Allah. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 18.  We can easily understand the workings of “We can easily understand the workings of “the law of cause andthe law of cause and effecteffect” regarding the physical realms, but what about in ‘spiritual or” regarding the physical realms, but what about in ‘spiritual or metaphysical’ matter or domain where science cannot reason it out?metaphysical’ matter or domain where science cannot reason it out?  This is where we have to (This is where we have to (TAUQIFTAUQIF) rely upon true report () rely upon true report (KHABARKHABAR SwSwODIQODIQ) knowledge from Revelation, to know who has been) knowledge from Revelation, to know who has been conferred such privilege by Allah SWT or not, rather than acceptconferred such privilege by Allah SWT or not, rather than accept what is being claimed by people regarding them.what is being claimed by people regarding them. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 19.  It is in the area of the “It is in the area of the “unseenunseen” (” (GHAYIBAHGHAYIBAH) that we are to be) that we are to be careful to distinguish between what is False “careful to distinguish between what is False “BAABAATwTwILIL”– termed”– termed as “as “KHURAFATKHURAFAT ” (superstitions) and myths (“” (superstitions) and myths (“TAKHAYYULTAKHAYYUL ”), from”), from the True – “the True – “HAQQ-HAQIQAHHAQQ-HAQIQAH” (reality) substantiated (or affirmed” (reality) substantiated (or affirmed to exist as true by Islam).to exist as true by Islam).  And even those “And even those “ unseen interventionunseen intervention ” affirmed to exist by Islam,” affirmed to exist by Islam, we are to also differentiate between those that are acceptable towe are to also differentiate between those that are acceptable to sought from and how to do so, from those to be shunned andsought from and how to do so, from those to be shunned and rejected.rejected. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 20.  In a way the most commonIn a way the most common unseenunseen ‘‘interventionintervention’ being our’ being our supplication to Allah (supplication to Allah (Du’aDu’a) for one another which are included) for one another which are included amongst what we termed as “amongst what we termed as “IIKHKHTIYYARTIYYAR” – effort of choosing for a” – effort of choosing for a better outcome, through exercising the inherent freewill.better outcome, through exercising the inherent freewill.  In this world, there are presence of certain things and people in ourIn this world, there are presence of certain things and people in our midst, which can have an effect upon our well-being; and the realmmidst, which can have an effect upon our well-being; and the realm within Islam’s cosmology includes the unseen spiritual realms viz. thewithin Islam’s cosmology includes the unseen spiritual realms viz. the interceding angels, invisible beings, persons and other creatures – whointerceding angels, invisible beings, persons and other creatures – who has been given permission to plead to Allah on our behalf, etc.has been given permission to plead to Allah on our behalf, etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 21. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 22. ““Those who sustain the Throne (of Allah) and thoseThose who sustain the Throne (of Allah) and those around it sing Glory and Praise to their Lord; believe inaround it sing Glory and Praise to their Lord; believe in Him;Him; and implore forgiveness for those who believeand implore forgiveness for those who believe:: "Our Lord! Thy reach is over all things in Mercy, and"Our Lord! Thy reach is over all things in Mercy, and Knowledge. Forgive, then, those who turn inKnowledge. Forgive, then, those who turn in repentance, and follow Thy Path: and preserve themrepentance, and follow Thy Path: and preserve them from the Penalty of the Blazing Fire!”from the Penalty of the Blazing Fire!” ((Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 7Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 7)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 23. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 24. ““And We did not send any messenger except toAnd We did not send any messenger except to be obeyed by permission of Allah. And if, whenbe obeyed by permission of Allah. And if, when they wronged themselves,they wronged themselves, they had come tothey had come to you, [O Muhammad], and asked forgiveness ofyou, [O Muhammad], and asked forgiveness of Allah and the Messenger had asked forgivenessAllah and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for themfor them, they would have found Allah, they would have found Allah Accepting of repentance and Merciful.”Accepting of repentance and Merciful.” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa: 4: 64Qur’an: An-Nisa: 4: 64)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 25. ““So know, [O Muhammad], that there is no deitySo know, [O Muhammad], that there is no deity except Allah andexcept Allah and ask forgiveness for your sin and forask forgiveness for your sin and for the believing men and believing womenthe believing men and believing women. And Allah. And Allah knows of your movement and your resting place.”knows of your movement and your resting place.” ((Qur’an: Muhammad: 47: 19Qur’an: Muhammad: 47: 19)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 26. “ So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult them in the matter. And when you have decided, then rely upon Allah. Indeed, Allah loves those who rely [upon Him].” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 159) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 27. ““Whoever ask for the forgiveness (from Allah) for theWhoever ask for the forgiveness (from Allah) for the Believing men and Believing womenBelieving men and Believing women, Allah will write, Allah will write for him a merit (for him a merit (HASSANATHASSANAT) for each and every one) for each and every one of the Believing men and Believing women (whom heof the Believing men and Believing women (whom he had sought forgiveness for).”had sought forgiveness for).” ((Hadith reported by TabaranyHadith reported by Tabarany)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 28. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 29. The term “The term “ “ pronounce ““ pronounce “ SHAFAA-’ATSHAFAA-’AT “ -“ - meaning :meaning : ““mediation, intercession, intervention,mediation, intercession, intervention, advocacy, pre-emption, etc.advocacy, pre-emption, etc. imploring Allah’s help, Mercy and forgivenessimploring Allah’s help, Mercy and forgiveness for another.for another.”” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 30.  When discussing “When discussing “SHAFAA’ATSHAFAA’AT ” , we are referring to” , we are referring to ““the help,the help, intercession or mediationintercession or mediation”” which Allah has permitted for somewhich Allah has permitted for some among His creations, to make for others - especially foramong His creations, to make for others - especially for Allah’sAllah’s Mercy and forgiveness in the Hereafter.Mercy and forgiveness in the Hereafter.  This “This “SHAFAA’ATSHAFAA’AT” can be given by, and only to benefit those who” can be given by, and only to benefit those who had adhered tohad adhered to TAUTAUHHEEDEED, and not to the, and not to the MUSHRIKEENMUSHRIKEEN.. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 31. “And those whom they invoke besides Allah have no power of intercession;― except only those who bears witness to the Truth and they know (him).” (Qur’an: Zukhruf: 43: 86) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 32. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 33. ““Say: "Do ye see what it is ye invoke besides Allah?Say: "Do ye see what it is ye invoke besides Allah? Show me what it is they have created on earth, orShow me what it is they have created on earth, or have they a share (have they a share (SHIRKSHIRK) in the heavens? Bring me) in the heavens? Bring me a Book (revealed) before this, or any remnant ofa Book (revealed) before this, or any remnant of knowledge (ye may have), if ye are telling the truth!“knowledge (ye may have), if ye are telling the truth!“ ((Qur’an: Ahqaf: 46: 4Qur’an: Ahqaf: 46: 4)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 34. ““AndAnd who is more astray than one who invokes,who is more astray than one who invokes, besides Allahbesides Allah, such as will not answer him to the, such as will not answer him to the Day of Judgement, and who (in fact) areDay of Judgement, and who (in fact) are unconscious of their call (to them)?unconscious of their call (to them)? ((Qur’an: Ahqaf: 46: 5Qur’an: Ahqaf: 46: 5)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 35.  In these verses, it is clear that Allah chastise theIn these verses, it is clear that Allah chastise the MUSHRIKEENMUSHRIKEEN (those who ascribe partners to Allah) because their(those who ascribe partners to Allah) because their AQEEDAHAQEEDAH (believe) is wrong – i.e. opposite to(believe) is wrong – i.e. opposite to TAUTAUHHEEDEED..  These verses do not refer to theThese verses do not refer to the MUWAMUWAHHEEDINEEDIN (people upholding(people upholding TAUTAUHHEEDEED) who direct all) who direct all Du’aDu’a or invocation to Allah Who Alone isor invocation to Allah Who Alone is Divine, who do not ascribe partners to Him.Divine, who do not ascribe partners to Him. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 36. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 37. “And [commanded], 'Direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth, and never be of those who associate others with Allah; (MUSHRIKEEN); And (LAA TAD-’UU) do not invoke (make Du’a to others) besides Allah that which neither benefits you nor harms you, for if you did, then indeed you would be of the wrongdoers.‘” (Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 105-106) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 38. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 39. ““And if Allah should touch you with adversity,And if Allah should touch you with adversity, there is no remover of it except Himthere is no remover of it except Him; and if He; and if He intends for you good, thenintends for you good, then there is no repeller ofthere is no repeller of His bountyHis bounty. He causes it to reach whom He wills. He causes it to reach whom He wills of His servants. And He is the Forgiving, theof His servants. And He is the Forgiving, the Merciful“Merciful“ ((Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 107Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 107)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 40.  Thus, for Muslim to believe that others amongst Allah’s creationThus, for Muslim to believe that others amongst Allah’s creation to be capable of giving “to be capable of giving “SHAFAA-’ATSHAFAA-’AT” (with permission by Allah” (with permission by Allah SWT, as explained) is not “SWT, as explained) is not “SHIRKSHIRK ”.”.  The greatest of which is the “The greatest of which is the “SHAFAA-’ATSHAFAA-’AT” which Allah SWT” which Allah SWT granted upon our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. to make.granted upon our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. to make. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 41. ““The happiest person who receive my intercessionThe happiest person who receive my intercession (in the Hereafter), will be he who says:(in the Hereafter), will be he who says: LAA-ILAA-HA-IL-LALLAHLAA-ILAA-HA-IL-LALLAH (There is no god except Allah),(There is no god except Allah), sincerely in his heart (i.e. pure from anysincerely in his heart (i.e. pure from any SHIRKSHIRK)”)” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary & MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary & Muslim)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 42.  There will also be others – angels, prophets and righteousThere will also be others – angels, prophets and righteous persons, who will be given the permission by Allah SWT ,persons, who will be given the permission by Allah SWT , to make “to make “SHAFAA-’ATSHAFAA-’AT ” (intercession) in the Hereafter” (intercession) in the Hereafter too. But this intercession is only towards those who dotoo. But this intercession is only towards those who do not die asnot die as MUSHRIKEENMUSHRIKEEN (worship or ascribed to others as(worship or ascribed to others as partners to Allah.)partners to Allah.)  Thus, upholdingThus, upholding TAUTAUHHEEDEED is vital, for Allah will never beis vital, for Allah will never be pleased with those who return to him in Hereafter withpleased with those who return to him in Hereafter with the sins ofthe sins of SHIRKSHIRK.. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 43. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 44. ““They cannot precede Him in word, and they actThey cannot precede Him in word, and they act by His command. He knows what is [presently]by His command. He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them,before them and what will be after them, andand they cannot intercede except on behalf of onethey cannot intercede except on behalf of one whom He approveswhom He approves. And they, from fear of Him,. And they, from fear of Him, are apprehensive.”are apprehensive.” ((Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 27-28Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 27-28)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 45. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 46. ““AngelsAngels will intercede, thewill intercede, the ProphetsProphets will intercede,will intercede, and theand the BelieversBelievers will intercede (for other people)will intercede (for other people) until there remain nothing except the Mercy ofuntil there remain nothing except the Mercy of the One Who is Most Merciful (Allah), Who willthe One Who is Most Merciful (Allah), Who will restrain the Fire of Hell and bring out from it, arestrain the Fire of Hell and bring out from it, a people who have never done any good deed,people who have never done any good deed, (blackened) like a charred coal.”(blackened) like a charred coal.” ((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 47. ““Three groups (of people) will be (granted permission)Three groups (of people) will be (granted permission) to intercede (for others): the Prophets (to intercede (for others): the Prophets (ANBIYA’ANBIYA’) , then) , then the scholars (the scholars (‘ULAMA‘ULAMA) , then the martyrs () , then the martyrs (SHUHADAA’SHUHADAA’)”)” ((Hadith reported by AhmadHadith reported by Ahmad)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 48.  Another, which can intercede for us in the Hereafter isAnother, which can intercede for us in the Hereafter is ourour deeds of sincere devotiondeeds of sincere devotion e.g. Qur’anic recitation or fasting;e.g. Qur’anic recitation or fasting; our worship and deeds of righteousness, etc.our worship and deeds of righteousness, etc.  Such deeds will appear on Judgement day as a person whoSuch deeds will appear on Judgement day as a person who will be ‘will be ‘advocate interlocutoradvocate interlocutor’ for the Believer who has’ for the Believer who has performed them sincerely for Allah.performed them sincerely for Allah. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 49.  Yet the most important point to note regarding “Yet the most important point to note regarding “SHAFAA-’ATSHAFAA-’AT ” is that none of these things, people or even angels are” is that none of these things, people or even angels are Divine , or has the independent (exclusive) power to harm norDivine , or has the independent (exclusive) power to harm nor bring any benefit whatsoever,bring any benefit whatsoever, except only by Allah’s Will andexcept only by Allah’s Will and permission.permission. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 50.  Muslims upholdingMuslims upholding TAUTAUHHEEDEED, always believe that every, always believe that every supplication (supplication (Du’aDu’a) is directed to Allah and the right to) is directed to Allah and the right to fulfil or reject any requests belongs to Allah, Who Alone isfulfil or reject any requests belongs to Allah, Who Alone is God (Divine). Allah SWT has the absolute prerogative andGod (Divine). Allah SWT has the absolute prerogative and power over all.power over all.  Make no mistake about this.Make no mistake about this. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 51. Say: "To Allah belongs exclusively (the right to grant)Say: "To Allah belongs exclusively (the right to grant) intercession (intercession (SHAFAA-’ATSHAFAA-’AT) : to Him belongs the) : to Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: in the End, it isdominion of the heavens and the earth: in the End, it is to Him that ye shall be brought back.“to Him that ye shall be brought back.“ ((Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 44Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 44)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 52. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 53. “Or, Who (is it who) listens to the (soul) distressed when it calls on Him, and who relieves its suffering, and makes you (mankind) inheritors of the earth? (Can there be another) god besides Allah? Little it is that ye heed!” (Qur’an: Naml: 27: 62) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 54. ““How many so ever be the angels in the heavens, theirHow many so ever be the angels in the heavens, their intercession (intercession (SHAFAA-’ATSHAFAA-’AT)) will avail nothing except afterwill avail nothing except after Allah has given leaveAllah has given leave for whom Hefor whom He pleasespleases and that he isand that he is acceptableacceptable to Him.”to Him.” ((Qur’an: Najm: 53: 26Qur’an: Najm: 53: 26)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 55. ““On that Day shall no intercession (On that Day shall no intercession (SHAFAA-’ATSHAFAA-’AT) avail) avail except for those for whom permission has been granted byexcept for those for whom permission has been granted by (Allah)(Allah) Most Gracious and whose word is acceptable toMost Gracious and whose word is acceptable to Him.”Him.” ((Qur’an: TaHa: 20: 109Qur’an: TaHa: 20: 109)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 56. “Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him; but He forgives anything else to whom He pleases; to set up partners with Allah (SHIRK) is to devise a sin most heinous indeed (ITH-MUN ‘A- ZEEM).” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 48) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 57.  There is no controversy regarding asking for the “There is no controversy regarding asking for the “SHAFAA-’ATSHAFAA-’AT ”” (intercession) from a living righteous person, as in them making(intercession) from a living righteous person, as in them making Du’aDu’a to Allah SWT for us.to Allah SWT for us.  Regarding whether this can still be sought from the dead,Regarding whether this can still be sought from the dead, differences of opinion occur amongst Islamic scholars.differences of opinion occur amongst Islamic scholars.  Those who objected perhaps would regard this as akin toThose who objected perhaps would regard this as akin to ““SHIRKSHIRK” and thus forbade the practice.” and thus forbade the practice. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 58.  However those who allow this argue that any request to aHowever those who allow this argue that any request to a righteous person is in fact addressing to the “righteous person is in fact addressing to the “soulsoul ” of the” of the person, not his physical self.person, not his physical self.  So, whether the person is dead or alive makes no difference.So, whether the person is dead or alive makes no difference.  And the request for “And the request for “SHAFAA-’ATSHAFAA-’AT” is for the person to implore” is for the person to implore or plead oror plead or Du’aDu’a to Allah – not that he has the exclusive powerto Allah – not that he has the exclusive power to give what is being asked.to give what is being asked. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 59.  As to the objection saying that these people are “dead” - this isAs to the objection saying that these people are “dead” - this is the basis in response to such objection:the basis in response to such objection: ““Think not of those who are slain in Allah's way as “dead”. NayThink not of those who are slain in Allah's way as “dead”. Nay they live, finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord.”they live, finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord.” ((Qur’an: Najm: 3: 169Qur’an: Najm: 3: 169)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 60. He taught us , when visiting the grave, to recite (speak to them) :He taught us , when visiting the grave, to recite (speak to them) : ‘‘Peace be upon you all, O inhabitants of the graves,Peace be upon you all, O inhabitants of the graves, amongst the believers and the Muslims.amongst the believers and the Muslims. Verily we will, AllVerily we will, Allaah willing, be united with you,h willing, be united with you, we ask Allwe ask Allaah for well-being for us and you.’h for well-being for us and you.’ All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 61.  In this regard, those who prefer not to seek “In this regard, those who prefer not to seek “SHAFAA-’ATSHAFAA-’AT ”” upon the dead,upon the dead, as precautionas precaution to safeguard themselves fromto safeguard themselves from tarnishing theirtarnishing their TAUTAUHHEEDEED (as they understand it), is indeed(as they understand it), is indeed commendable, and we respect this. Especially when to theircommendable, and we respect this. Especially when to their mind, this is somewhat ‘similar’ to what those as in othermind, this is somewhat ‘similar’ to what those as in other religions may practice (while they are not able to distinguishreligions may practice (while they are not able to distinguish the difference between what constitutethe difference between what constitute SHIRKSHIRK and whichand which ought to be based upon their Belief -ought to be based upon their Belief - AQEEDAHAQEEDAH ).). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 62.  Some prefer to follow this opinion of not making request fromSome prefer to follow this opinion of not making request from the deceased, not because they consider seeking “the deceased, not because they consider seeking “SHAFAA-’ATSHAFAA-’AT ” from the dead at graves, tombs and shrines as wrong,” from the dead at graves, tombs and shrines as wrong, butbut they prefer this opinion only to avoidthey prefer this opinion only to avoid the ‘the ‘ignorantignorant’ public’ public fromfrom misperceiving and blindly imitating their actionmisperceiving and blindly imitating their action for goingfor going there.there. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 63.  Yet, they who prefer this opinion,Yet, they who prefer this opinion, should not easily misjudgeshould not easily misjudge nor accusenor accuse other Muslims who do so, i.e. visiting graves orother Muslims who do so, i.e. visiting graves or shrines of Prophets (shrines of Prophets (NABIYYINNABIYYIN), the Truthful (), the Truthful (SWSWIDDIQEENIDDIQEEN)) Martyrs (Martyrs (SHUHADASHUHADA’’) and Righteous people () and Righteous people (SWSWOLIHEENOLIHEEN) - by) - by labelling them as “labelling them as “MUSHRIKMUSHRIK“ (polytheist) OR ““ (polytheist) OR “QUBURIYEENQUBURIYEEN -grave worshippers”, etc.-grave worshippers”, etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 64. “(Do not) call each other by (offensive) nicknames : Ill-seeming is a name connoting wickedness, (to be used of one) after he has believed (BA’DAL- IIMAN): And those who do not desist are (Indeed) doing wrong (ZOLIMUUN).” (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 11) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 65. REMEMBER THIS IMPORTANT DZIKRREMEMBER THIS IMPORTANT DZIKR LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WALAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WAHHDAHU –DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU –LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL-WALAHUL-HHAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAAAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER,KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, ““There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped)There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except Allexcept Allaah, alone, without partner, to Him belongsh, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful overall sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .”all things .” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 66. DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMADDU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA – A’-LAMU, WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA – MI-NADZ—DZAM - BIL– LADZII - LAA – A’-LAM “O Allah! I seek refuge with You from committing SHIRK i.e. associating others with You, knowingly, and I seek Your forgiveness from the committing of the sins (of SHIRK) which I do not know.” (Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 67. IMPORTANT DU’AIMPORTANT DU’A ALLAA-HUM-MA – ARI-NAL-HAQ-QA - HAQ-QAN WAR- ZUQ-NAT - TI-BAA- ’A WA-ARI-NAL – BAA-TWILA – BAA-TWI-LAAN WAR-ZUQ-NAJ – TI –NAA - BAH ““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be trueO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us ability to follow it.and grant us ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false andAnd make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”grant us the ability to reject it.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 68. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 69. ““That no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. AndThat no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. And that there is not for man except that [good] for which he strives”that there is not for man except that [good] for which he strives” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 53: 38-39Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 53: 38-39)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 70. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 71. ““When a son of Adam (any person – male/female) dies, his ability to doWhen a son of Adam (any person – male/female) dies, his ability to do any more good deeds ceases (i.e. his ability to strive for gaining meritsany more good deeds ceases (i.e. his ability to strive for gaining merits [rewards] stops) – except for three things (which shall continue adding[rewards] stops) – except for three things (which shall continue adding rewards to his credit):rewards to his credit): [1] charity in perpetuity (which continues to benefit people and others),[1] charity in perpetuity (which continues to benefit people and others), [2] ‘ilm (knowledge he had taught to others) which continues to be[2] ‘ilm (knowledge he had taught to others) which continues to be beneficial (benefited),beneficial (benefited), [3] a righteous child who continues to make Du’a (pray) for him.”[3] a righteous child who continues to make Du’a (pray) for him.” ((Hadith reported by Muslim, Ahmad, Abu DawudHadith reported by Muslim, Ahmad, Abu Dawud )) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 72. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 73. ““The dead (Muslim) in the grave is like one drowning and in needThe dead (Muslim) in the grave is like one drowning and in need of help. He is waiting for the prayer (of help. He is waiting for the prayer (Du’aDu’a) from his father, his) from his father, his mother, his children and his trusted closed friends. When a prayermother, his children and his trusted closed friends. When a prayer ((Du’aDu’a) reaches him, this is more beloved to him than the whole) reaches him, this is more beloved to him than the whole world and what is in it. Verily Allah Most Esteemed and Glorious,world and what is in it. Verily Allah Most Esteemed and Glorious, when granting the prayer (when granting the prayer (Du’aDu’a) from those living to the people of) from those living to the people of the grave, it is as big as mountains. And know that amongst thethe grave, it is as big as mountains. And know that amongst the gifts from those alive given to those who have died are throughgifts from those alive given to those who have died are through ISTIGHFARISTIGHFAR (asking Allah’s forgiveness for them) and(asking Allah’s forgiveness for them) and SADAQAHSADAQAH (deeds of charity) made upon their names.”(deeds of charity) made upon their names.” ((Hadith reported by DarimiyHadith reported by Darimiy)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 74. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 75. “And [there is a share for] those who came after them, saying, "Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith and put not in our hearts [any] resentment toward those who have believed. Our Lord, indeed You are Kind and Merciful.” (Qur’an: Hashr : 59: 10) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 76. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 77. TO BE CONTINUEDTO BE CONTINUED -- All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 78. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 78 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)