Slideshare (lesson # 4)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-khaliqiyah-rububiyah-(outer)-26-february-2014
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Slideshare (lesson # 4)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-khaliqiyah-rububiyah-(outer)-26-february-2014 Slideshare (lesson # 4)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-khaliqiyah-rububiyah-(outer)-26-february-2014 Presentation Transcript

  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFUL TCH -MAY BA RY NUA 4] [JA 201 “TAUHEED KHAALIQIYAH WA RUBUBIYAH” - (outer) LESSON #4 “INTRODUCTION TO STUDY OF TAUHEED – (AQA’ID) ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 18 weekly class started on : 15th JANUARY 2014 Every Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL For further information and registration contact E-mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 Updated 26 February 2014
  • RE-CAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • RE-CAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • RE-CAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • RE-CAP PREVIOUS LESSON OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD SAID: "(To know Allah) Think (and reflect) upon Allah's creation (i.e. what He has created) and do not try to think in Allah (His Essence: Dzat), for you will most certainly not be able to comprehend it.“ (Al-Hadith) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • RECA PF RO M PR EV IO U S All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • RECA PF RO M PR EV IO U S For those with knowledge …… “Of all His servants, only such as are endowed with (innate) knowledge stand (truly) in awe of Allah: (for they alone comprehend that) verily, Allah is Almighty, Much Forgiving.” (Qur’an: Fatir 35 : 40) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • RECA PF RO M PR EV IO U S For those with knowledge …… The terms "TAUHEED AL-KHALIQ-QIYYAH" refers to the approach of confirming the Oneness of God (Allah) as the Creator (AL-KHAA-LIQ), verified from the evidence inherent in the whole of creation. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • RECA PF RO M PR EV IO U S For those with knowledge …… All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • RECA PF RO M PR EV IO U S For those with knowledge …… “ALL PRAISE is due to Allah, (KHALAQA-AS-SAMA’) who has created the heavens and the earth, and brought into being deep darkness as well as light: and yet, those who are bent on denying the truth regard other powers as their Sustainer's equals! .He it is who (KHALAQA-KUM) has created you out of clay, and then has decreed a term [for you] - a term known [only] to him. And yet you doubt –” (Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 1-2) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • RECA PF RO M PR EV IO U S For those with knowledge …… Although most people can easily acknowledge the God as the CREATOR (KHAALIQ) of creation, and that this ‘ First Cause ‘ is One, Unique – (TAUHEED). Yet, after creation, many wrongly imagined or been misled to believe that God then does not have the ultimate role of being the LORD (AR-ROBB) Sustaining the whole world. Many ascribe that He, like human, is merely watching over this world from some celestial court (Anthropomorphism). All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • RECA PF RO M PR EV IO U S For those with knowledge …… And to reject this false notion (conjecture) thus "TAUHEED AR-RUB-BU-BIYYAH" is the approach of confirming that the Oneness of God (Allah) is also as Him being the Sustainer or Cherisher (AR-ROBB) , in the evidence of the wonderful order and harmonious existence of all things in this universe. Without acknowledging this aspect, many had fallen into SHIRK, ascribing to others as being also the Divine. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • An invitation to reflect All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 RECA PF RO M PR EV IO U S
  • An invitation to reflect RECA PF RO M PR EV IO U "Behold! In the creation of the heavens and the earth S and in the alternation of Night and Day, there are indeed Signs for men of understanding, Men who celebrate the praises of Allah, standing sitting and lying down on their sides and contemplate the wonders of creation in the heavens and the earth , (with a thought): "Our Lord! You have not created this for nothing! Glory to Thee! Give us salvation from the penalty of the Fire." (Qur’an : Ali Imran 3 : 190-191 ) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • RECA PF RO M PR EV IO U S "And on earth there are Signs (of Allah's existence, visible) to all who are endowed with inner certainty, just as (there are signs) thereof within your own selves: can you not then see? “ ( Qur'an: Az-Dzariyat: 51 : 20-21 ) Can you not then see? All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • RECA PF RO M PR EV IO U S All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • For those with knowledge …… In analysing of the Signs of His Existence, Allah s.w.t. does not want us to be man-centred in our outlook. Allah, the Creator and Sustainer of the Universe invites man to observe yet His other greater Signs in the whole of creation. Man is just a small part of the whole creation All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • "Greater indeed than the creation of man is the creation of the heavens and the earth: yet most man do not understand (what this implies.) But (then), the blind and the seeing are not equal." ( Qur'an: Ghafir 40 : 57 ) Are we blind that we do not or cannot see …? All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • "Soon will We show them Our signs in the furthest regions (of the universe) and in their own souls (Nafs-Self), until it become manifest to them that this is the Truth. Is it not enough that thy Lord doth witness all things? " ( Qur'an: Fussilat: 41: 53 ) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • "(Hallowed be) He Who has created seven * heavens in full harmony with one another,no fault will thou see in the creation of the Most Gracious. And turn thy vision (upon it) once more, canst thou see any flaw? Again turn thy vision a second time; (thy) vision will come back to thee dull and discomfited, in a state worn out. “ ( Q : Mulk: 67: 3 -4 ) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • * In the Arabic usage, - as in other Semitic languages as well, the number "seven"' is often synonymous with "several" (see Lisanul Arab). The term "sama' " ("heaven" or "sky”) is applied to anything that is spread like a canopy above any other thing. Thus, the visible skies which stretch like a vault above the earth and form, as it were, its canopy, are called "sama' ": and this is the primary meaning of this term in the Qur’an in a wider sense, it has the connotation of "cosmic system". Thus, taken together with the accepted linguistic definition, "seven heavens" denotes the multiplicity of cosmic system. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • So after analysing our biological wonders (inner), let us now turn towards the horizon of this vast universe (outer) .... All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  •  Because our awareness is limited to ourselves and our immediate surroundings, we tend to regard the entire creations of Allah s.w.t. within this limitation and therefore fail to fully grasp the Might of Allah, the One Absolute Creator and Sustainer.  With our given faculties, we are invited to survey the vast universe in which confirmation of the Oneness of Allah, the Creator and Sustainer is ever manifested. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  •  Allah s.w.t. hints at the full harmony and the perfect order which is an inevitable indication of this Truth.  See and reflect.  The simple statement of the Qur'an is in actual fact very profound to those who have knowledge of the universe. For many of us although we may know about the sun, the moon and the stars yet this ‘knowledge’ of ours is simply a superficial awareness; lacking depth. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  •  We are like a man standing beside a deep ravine at night without knowing how deep and dangerous it is, therefore lacking true awareness – (heedless; lacking in precaution; reckless even).  But, when the deep ravine becomes apparent at daybreak, it sent chills down our spine especially fearing for our safety.  Thus knowledge, like Geology, Botany and Astronomy etc. are relevant and important as a means towards our deeper realization of TAUHEED, - from the knowledge of certainty regarding the Reality of existence. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • “O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous ( being conscious of Him - TAQWA) - [He] who made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and (SAMAA-A BI-NAA-A) the sky a ceiling (canopy) and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you. So do not attribute to Allah equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him].” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 21-22) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • “And the sky a ceiling (canopy) “ All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Protection of all life from hazardous or deadly radiation from space (filter for UV- and x-rays from sun). Letting pass the vitally important sunlight to the surface of the continents and oceans (energy source). Protections from rapid cooling at night and heating at day. Makes possible a mean temperature on Earth's surface of +15 °C instead of -18 °C as would be without atmosphere. Transport of energy (warmth of air that can be felt and latent warmth of water vapour) from the equatorial regions to medium and higher latitudes. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Transport of water vapour through dynamic processes of general air circulation that determines precipitation. Storage of huge amounts of nitrogen (important for plants). Reservoir for carbon dioxide and oxygen. Is part of different vital cycles of matter. Dissipation and decomposition (oxidation, reaction with radicals, photolysis) of natural and anthropogenic (man-made) emissions. Protection from smaller meteorites that burn up by heating from the friction when entering the Earth's atmosphere and can not reach the surface. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Twinkle, twinkle little star?  We are not quite aware of the vastness of the universe. Many of us have seen and have described the stars as "twinkling little star." Our short-sightedness does not help us to really feel the awesome grandeur of Allah's creation. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Twinkle, twinkle little star?  Studies in astronomy show that the number of stars in the sky is more numerous than all the grains of sand on all the seashores of our planet, many stars being vastly greater in size than our earth, some even are so enormous that each has the girth the size of which can contain hundreds of thousand of earths inside them and still have room to spare!  A few of them are even big enough to contain millions of earths! All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • How vast is the Universe? All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • How vast is the Universe?  Astronomers estimate that the universe consists of five hundred million galaxies. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • How vast is the Universe?  Each galaxy contains about 100,000 stars.  The nearest galaxy i.e. our galaxy, the Milky Way, which is partially visible at night, measures in 100,000 light years * across. * (Light travels at 186,282 miles per second. And a light year means that it would require one year travelling at this speed to cover that distance !! ) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • How vast is the Universe?  According to astronomers, we on earth are 30,000 light years way from the centre of this galaxy.  This galaxy in turn forms part of an even larger super-galaxy within which 17 galaxies similar to ours are in perpetual motion.  The entire cluster is 2 million light years in diameter. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Size of planet just within our solar system AND OUR SUN IS JUST A TINY STAR COMPARED WITH OTHER BILLION STARS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Size of planet just within our solar system AND OUR SUN IS JUST A TINY STAR COMPARED WITH OTHER BILLION STARS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • [click in box to play) WATCH “THE DETAILED UNIVERSE”: All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • [click in box to play) WATCH “THE KNOWN WORLD” ON YOUTUBE: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=17jymDn0W6U All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • EVER EXPANDING "And it is We who have-built the universe with (Our creative) power; and, verily, it is We who are steadily expanding it. “ ( Qur'an: Az-Dzariyat: 51 :47 ) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • EVER EXPANDING  We are told that the size of the universe is not static but expanding every moment in all directions. So rapid is this expansion that according to an estimate by Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington (1882-1944), noted British physicist and astronomer, every 1300 million years, all the distances in this universe are doubled.  This estimation of the vastness of the universe is based on Einstein's theory of relativity. But this is just a mathematician's guess. The truth is man has yet to comprehend the vastness of the universe. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Ever moving in harmony All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Ever moving in harmony All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Ever moving in harmony "(Hallowed be) He Who has created seven heavens in full harmony with one another,­ no fault will thou see in the creation of the Most Gracious. And turn thy vision (upon it) once more, canst thou see any flaw? Again turn thy vision a second time; (thy) vision will come back to thee dull and discomfited, in a state worn out. “ ( Q : Mulk: 67: 3 ­4 ) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Ever moving in harmony  The innumerable stars are continuously moving at extraordinary speeds. Some moving singly, some in groups of two or more, while innumerable stars are grouped in constellations.  Have you not seen dust particles in a darken room when you allow a small ray of light to shine through.  Now imagine on a much larger scale! All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Ever moving in harmony  The difference is that dust particles collide and move in combination whereas stars, notwithstanding their enormous numbers are at immeasurable distances from each other and follow their respective courses.  Apart from this, the stars have their planets orbiting around it, and their respective satellites or moon are also perpetually in motion following their fixed orbits around the planets. Each planet also is rotating at incredible speed on its own axis. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Ever moving in harmony  It is amazing that all this motion is going on with a remarkable organization and regularity.  Neither do the stars collide, nor does their speed alter.  The revolution of our earth around the sun, its rotation around its axis and the movement of the moon around it, all are precisely timed. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Ever moving in harmony  According to astronomical calculations, it has frequently happened that entire galactic systems consisting of millions and millions of moving stars have entered other galactic systems and have passed right through them without colliding. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Ever moving in harmony  In the face of all these evidence, human intellect is left with no option but to accept that this is NOT a self -organised system, left to “chance ”.  On the contrary it MUST be by a unique Power which set them up and maintain such boundless and infinitely varied system. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Ever moving in harmony  Those who insist that this creation happens from random chance, surely, are resting on the most remotest of probability – because it would be like admitting that order and harmony can come out from disorder and anarchy!  And remember when we they quote the ‘odds ’ of say : “one in a million (or in fact more) “ – this is an admission of improbability – that is : “how very remote that this is the outcome of mere chance .” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • CONCLUSION "Our Lord! not for naught hast Thou created (all) this! Glory to Thee! Give us salvation from the penalty of the Fire.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 191) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • CONCLUSION  How stubbornly foolish! Nay, if we sincerely look within our heart and mind, especially reinforced and supported by our pure intuition (FITwRAH), these evidence prove clearly of the existence of an absolute Creator and Sustainer.  And there can only be One God Who is the Absolute - and to deny this is to conceal or cover an obvious truth (the attitude termed ‘KUFR’ '). Na­'uudzu billaah min dzaalik! All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • TO BE CONTINUED ­ All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All welcome to visit my web­blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 61