[Slideshare] lesson # 2(c)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-12-february-2014
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[Slideshare] lesson # 2(c)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-12-february-2014 [Slideshare] lesson # 2(c)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-12-february-2014 Presentation Transcript

  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFUL TCH -MAY BA RY NUA 4] [JA 201 LESSON #2c “ INTRODUCTION TO STUDY OF TAU H EED – (AQA’ID) ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IT CAN ALSO BE A 18 weekly class started on : 15th JANUARY 2014 REFRESHER COURSE Every Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL For further information and registration contact E-mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 Updated 12 February 2014
  • PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • “When a person possesses deep thought, Then by everything is a lesson taught.” -Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazzali (Rahimahullah) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 1. Pick up the paper and fall in the dustbin. 2. Both of you stand together separately. 3. Why are you looking at the monkey outside when I am inside. 4. Will you hang the calendar or else, I will hang myself. 5. I have 2 daughters, both are girls. 6. Give me a blue pen of any colour. 7. The principal is revolving in the corridor. 8. All of you stand in a straight circle. 9. Open the window let the air-force come in. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • TO CONTINUE All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • RI N ) TAM CISE R EXE ( 1. Get into your groupings (5 to group). 2. From the given statement, discuss – apply what you have learnt and give your group’s response. 3. Identify and categorize – whether truth, surmise, conjecture, common impossibility, rational impossibility (antithesis), etc. – with the explanation. 4. “Emm... Let us discuss.. ... What do you think?” and more importantly,“.. ... Why is that so?” Others may be allowed to comment on each others responses. You are given not more than 5 minutes to discuss each All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 statement.
  • THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY Common impossibility “And he threw down his wooden rod (staff), and it changed into a serpent which then devoured all the other snakes conjured by the sorcerers” #1 or Rational Impossibility or Surmise or true All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • They said: "O Moses! wilt thou throw (first), or shall we have the (first) throw?" Said Moses: "Throw ye (first)." So when they threw, they bewitched the eyes of the people and struck terror into them: and they showed a great (feat of) magic. We put it into Moses's mind by inspiration: "throw (now) thy rod": and behold! it swallows up straightway all the falsehoods which they fake! Thus truth was confirmed and all that they did was made of no effect.” (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 115-118) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION Common impossibility “There was a man from the island of Crete who said: or ‘All the men from this, my island Crete, are liars and will always lie’. And I believe what this man said is the truth ” – St. Paul in the New Testament. #2 All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 Rational Impossibility or Surmise or true
  • WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION “He made a fantastic claim to having witnessed with his own eyes, to his Common impossibility or own biological parents making the matrimonial vow to solemnize their Rational Impossibility marriage .... (i.e. His being physically or present at their wedding day) ?” #3 All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 Surmise or true
  • THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY Common impossibility “I saw an amazing thing, a snake that began to swallow its own tail and body. Rational Impossibility It went on eating voraciously until it totally consumed itself and *blink* or disappeared..!” #4 All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 or Surmise or true
  • THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY Common impossibility A man then said “I am able to bring the throne before a wink of an eye” Rational Impossibility And, lo in a split of a second, the beautiful throne appeared in their or presence ...” #5 All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 or Surmise or true
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  • Said an Ifrit of the Jinns: "I will bring it to thee before thou rise from thy Council: indeed I have full strength for the purpose, and may be trusted." Said one who had knowledge of the Book: "I will bring it to thee within the twinkling of an eye!" Then when (Solomon) saw it placed firmly before him, he said: "This is by the grace of my Lord! ― to test me whether I am grateful, or ungrateful! And if any is grateful truly his gratitude is (a gain) for his own soul; but if any is ungrateful, truly my Lord is Free of All Needs, Supreme in Honour!" (Qur’an: Naml: 27: 39-40) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY Common impossibility or “He was able to see and Rational Impossibility communicate instantaneously, with his friend who is on the other side of or the world (globe) ...” #6 All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 Surmise or true
  • WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION Common impossibility “... An anchovy appeared, it opened its mouth wide and swallowed a whole whale ....! ” #7 or Rational Impossibility or Surmise or true All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY Common impossibility “... Light, in fact, does not travel in a straight line..! ” or #8 Rational Impossibility or Surmise or true All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY Common impossibility “... Light, in fact, does not travel in a straight line..! ” or #8 “He threw the ball up into the sky and it remained there, static ...!” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 #9 Rational Impossibility or Surmise or true
  • THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY Common impossibility or “A horse begets another horse. Rational Impossibility Likewise, if Jesus is the son of God, then he must also be God...!” or # 10 All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 Surmise or true
  • WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION Common impossibility “God is the Uncreated creator of or everything. Yet He is all-powerful that He can create another uncreated like Himself .... !” or # 11 All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 Rational Impossibility Surmise or true
  • WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION “Everything is relative. All statement can either be regarded as right or or wrong. Rational Impossibility We must reject those who are Absolutists. We stand by the believe that there is nothing that can be regarded as Absolute.” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 Common impossibility # 12 or Surmise or true
  • WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION Common impossibility “We are not like you Muslims... We or believe that there is nothing that our God cannot do. He can, if He wants to, create a stone so big that He himself cannot carry!” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 Rational Impossibility or # 13 Surmise or true
  • WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION Common impossibility “He promised to come at exactly a or quarter to five minutes ...!” # 14 Rational Impossibility or Surmise or true All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY Common impossibility “What a great artist ... He can even or draw a circle which is at the same Rational Impossibility time, also a square ...!” # 15 or Surmise or true All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION Common impossibility “He claim that his share of one-third is more than all that the other two shareholders received...!” or Rational Impossibility # 16 or Surmise or true All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY Common impossibility or “He has done an impossible thing!” # 17 Rational Impossibility or Surmise or true All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION Common impossibility “God (Who is the ever-living) came to die for the sins of man..!” # 18 or Rational Impossibility or Surmise or true All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • WHICH KIND OF CATEGORY THE THESIS, STATEMENT OR CONTENTION Common impossibility “On that day, all who has been dead, although scattered as dust, will be or Rational Impossibility summoned and resurrected to life again as new creations ...!” # 19 or Surmise or true All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • TO CONTINUE All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • “ Were they created of nothing, or were they themselves the creators? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, they have no firm belief.” (Qur’an: Tur: 52: 35-36) THIS REQUIRES US TO REFLECT … All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 1. MAN CREATED HIMSELF? All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 IMPOSSIBLE
  • 2. MAN AND THE UNIVERSE COME OUT OF NOTHING? All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 IMPOSSIBLE
  • 3. WHEN THE PREVIOUS TWO THESIS CANNOT BE POSSIBLE, THEN THERE MUST BE THE A CREATOR, SOURCE OF THIS EXISTENCE WHO ALONE WAS NOT CREATED. (THE BEING WE REFER TO AS ‘GOD’ – the Divine, the Uncreated Creator) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 THIS IS THE ONLY POSSIBILITY. FOR THE VERY WORD ‘CREATION’ IMPLIES NEED FOR A ‘CREATOR’. WITHOUT WHICH, THE QUESTION AS TO OUR EXISTENCE, HOW CREATIONS BEGUN DOES NOT MAKE ANY SENSE –
  • ‘Law’ of probability – between “will” and “chance” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 The method
  • By unwavering mathematical law we can prove that our universe was designed and executed by a great engineering Intelligence. Suppose you put ten coins, marked from one to ten, into your pocket and give them a good shuffle. Now try to take them out in sequence from one to ten, putting back the coin each time and shaking them all again. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Mathematically we know that your chance of first drawing number one is one in ten; of drawing one and two in succession, one in 100; of drawing one, two and three in succession, one in a thousand, and so on; your chance of drawing them all, from one to number ten in succession, would reach the unbelievable figure of one chance in ten thousand million. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • ‘Law’ of probability – between “will” The method and “chance” Consider the probability for life on earth. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 The proof
  • By the same reasoning, so many exacting conditions are necessary for life on earth that they could not possibly exist in proper relationship by chance. The earth rotates on its axis at one thousand miles an hour; if it turned at one hundred miles an hour, our days and nights would be ten times as long as now, and the hot sun would then burn up our vegetation during each long day while in the long night any surviving, sprout would freeze. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Again, the sun, source of our life, has a surface temperature of 12,000 degrees Fahrenheit, and our earth is just far enough away so that this "eternal fire" warms us just enough and not too much! If the sun gave off only one-half its present radiation, we would freeze, and if it gave half as much more, we would roast. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • The slant of the earth, tilted at an angle of 23 degrees, gives us our seasons; if it had not been so tilted, vapours from the ocean would move north and south, piling up for us continents of ice. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • If our moon was, say, only 50 thousand miles away instead of its actual distance our tides would be so enormous that twice a day all continents would be submerged; even the mountains would soon be eroded away. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • If the crust of the earth had been only ten feet thicker, there would be no oxygen without which animal life must die. Had the ocean been a few feet deeper, carbon dioxide and oxygen would have been absorbed and no vegetable life could exist. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Or if our atmosphere had been thinner, some of the meteors, now burned in space by the million every day, would be striking all parts of the earth, starting fires everywhere. Because of these, and host of other examples, there is not one chance in millions that life on our planet is an accident! All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • ‘Law’ of probability – between “will” and “chance” 1: 10 ⁼ 0.10 1: 10³ ⁼ 0. 001 1: 10 ¹⁰ ⁼ 0.0000000001 “The greater the odds means, It is most unlikely i.e. It is too remote for it to occur merely by chance ......” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 The method WHEN E SAY “ODDS”? WHAT DO WE REALLY MEAN BY THIS ... ? THEREFORE IT MUST BE FROM THE OUTCOME OF A “WILL” AND UNLIKELY A COINCIDENCE
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  • u l e: legal r c A basi E incum probatio qui dicit, non qui negat. i bit “The burden of the proof lies upon him who affirms, not he who denies.” “(I ask You) O Allah! Guide my people for they do not know.” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • "And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day)." (Qur’an: Bani Israil : 17 :36) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • “Invite (call them all) to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and argue with them in a way that is best.” (Qur’an: Nahlu: 16: 125) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
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  • "In (with) the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful." (Qur'an: Al-Fatiha: 1: 1) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
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  • "QUL – HU-WALLAA - HU- AHAD, ALLAA-HUS – SwO - MAD, LAM-YA-LID – WA –LAM – YUU - LAD, WA-LAM – YAKUN – LA - HUU KU-FU-AN - AHAD" All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
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  • "He it is Who has sent down to thee the Book: in it are verses basic or fundamental (“muhkamat” - of established meaning); they are the foundation of the Book: others are not of well-established meaning. But those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part thereof that is allegorical (not of well-established meaning). Seeking discord and searching for its interpretation, but no one knows its true meanings except Allah... ;” (Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 3: 7) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • "No vision can encompass Him, whereas He encompasses all vision: for He alone is the unfathomable (latif) *, all-aware." (Qur’an: An'am: 6: 103) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • * The term 'latif ' in ) ) denotes something that is extremely subtle in quality, and therefore “intangible and unfathomable.” Whenever this term occurs in the Qur'an with reference to God in conjunction with the adjective 'kha-biir ' ( ) "all aware”, it is invariably used to express the idea of His inaccessibility to human perception, imagination or comprehension, as contrasted with His Own all-awareness. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • "There is nothing like unto Him, and yet He (Allah) alone is all-hearing, all-seeing."* (Qur’an: As-Shura 42 : 11) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • * The Oneness and Absolute Uniqueness of God is stressed here. In the phrase "there is nothing like unto Him” ( ) implies that He (Allah) is fundamentally - not merely in His attributes "different" from anything that exists or could exist, or anything that man can conceive or imagine or define. SUB-HAA-NALLAAH! All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
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  • "Say: if there had been (other) gods with Him― as they say, behold, they would certainly have sought out a way to the Lord of the Throne! Glory to him! He is high above all that they say! Exalted and Great (beyond measure)*!" (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 42-43) For the concept of God or the “Divine Being” must refer to that which is “Infinite” or encompasses all else without being limited. Let us reflect and understand the term “ Infinite and infinity “. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • “Parallel lines are two lines, when extended to infinity, they will not meet nor will their distance between them changes.”. Extend to infinity NOTE: *God is the infinite being. So by “infinite” it means, “limitless, unending, without end, boundless, beyond measure, etc.” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 ∞
  • SUPPOSE: If you are to conceptually expand this box to infinity, can there be another box outside or besides it? All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • SUPPOSE: If you are to conceptually expand this box to infinity, can there be another box outside or besides it? IF YOU SAY “YES! THERE CAN BE ANOTHER BOX”, THIS MEANS THAT YOU HAVE NOT REALLY EXPANDED IT TO THE INFINITY THAT IS THEORETICALLY POSSIBLE All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • SUPPOSE: If you are to conceptually expand this box to infinity, can there be another box outside or besides it? SO CONCEPTUALLY, WHEN WE REFER TO GOD AS THE “INFINITE”, THERE CANNOT BE MORE THAN ONE INFINITE BEING. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • "And there is nothing that could be compared to Him“ (Qur’an: Al- Ikhlas: 112: 4) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • The term “kufu” ( ) refers to any attempt at trying to do a comparison by association with any other. This is utterly futile since Allah is Unique. Thus, even the "how" of His being "different" from everything else is beyond the categories of human thought. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • Therefore, the concern in Islamic theology is not in trying to discern His Essence (Dzat), which is an impossibility due to human imperfection and limitation. But we are to know Him by way of His attributes (sifaat), names (asma’) and other Signs (Aayat). Yet we qualify and must admit to the imperfection of all our knowledge regarding Allah, (High and Exalted is He from every defects and imperfection). All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • "(To know Allah) Think (and reflect) upon Allah's creation (i.e. what He has created) and do not try to think in Allah (His Essence: Dzat), for you will most certainly not be able to comprehend it.“ (Al-Hadith) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 84