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  • 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFUL LESSON #2a “INTRODUCTION TO STUDY OF TAUHEED – (AQA’ID) ” TCH MAY A B YUAR ] N [JA 2014 Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 18 weekly class started on : 15th JANUARY 2014 Every Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL For further information and registration contact E-mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 Updated 29 January 2014
  • 2. PREVIOUS LESSON THE BER M EME …. R All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 3. PREVIOUS LESSON E REM M . R … BE All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 4. PREVIOUS LESSON R MBE EME T…. R THA All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 5. PREVIOUS LESSON R MBE EME T…. R THA All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 6. PREVIOUS LESSON THE BER M EME …. R All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 7. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 8. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 9. PREVIOUS LESSON EPISTEMOLOGY Amongst the definitions: “....... Knowledge is the arrival (husul(ma’na- )* of the meaning ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of the subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’s arrival (wusul- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object of knowledge.” By “meaning” (ma’na- ) is: “the recognition of the proper place of anything in a system ...” : Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas * “attainment; acquirement” is a better translation. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 10. PREVIOUS LESSON EPISTEMOLOGY Thus, perspective of Education in Islam can be defined: “... Recognition and acknowledgement, progressively instilled into man, of the proper places of things in the order of creation, such that it leads to the recognition and acknowledgement of the proper place of God in the order of being and existence.” Quoted from: “The Educational Philosophy and Practice of Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas” by Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud (ISTAC publication). All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 11. PREVIOUS LESSON EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 12. PREVIOUS LESSON IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST GRACIOUS, MOST MERCIFUL ADDENDUM Especially required since most participants in this class are Muslims who may require this important reminder.* * Hope those non- A REMINDER TO MUSLIMS FROM LESSONS ON ISLAMIC “ADAB” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Muslim or participants new to Islam in this class can understand and appreciate the reason for this prelude LESSONS FROM BEGINNERS’ COURSE 12
  • 13. PREVIOUS LESSON SINCERE ADVICE TO MUSLIM ‘ INTELLECTUALS ’ All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 14. TO CONTINUE ….. Lesson # 2 A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE COURSE & METHOD OF APPROACH USING OF REASON (AQLIYYAH) AS ONE OF THE MEANS OF DEVELOPING IIMAN (FAITH) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 15. “AND ON EARTH there are signs [of Allah’s existence, visible] to all who are endowed with inner certainty, just as [there are signs thereof] within your own selves: can you not, then, see?” (Qur’an: Dzaariyat: 51: 20-21) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 16. “[All this have We expounded in this] blessed divine writ which We have revealed unto thee, [O Muhammad,] so that men may ponder over its mes-sages, and that those who are endowed with insight may take them to heart.” (Qur’an: Swad: 38: 29) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 17. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 18. “And We have certainly created for Hell many of the jinn and mankind. They have hearts with which they do not understand, they have eyes with which they do not see, and they have ears with which they do not hear. Those are like livestock; rather, they are more astray. It is they who are the heedless.” (Qur’an: 7: 179) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 19. The Holy Qur'an calls upon people to think and to draw conclusions through thought process. It even regards thinking as part of worship, and does not recognise the belief in its doctrinal tenets if it is not the outcome of correct thinking. Islam in this connection has paid attention to a basic point, that although people are capable of thinking, still they can end up with erroneous conclusion - if they neglect to use, or inappropriately allow certain factors to influence their thought process. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 20. Thus, in Islam, we are provided basic guidelines - basic lessons on how to think correctly. Firstly, in the Qur'an, it has pointed out the major causes which lead to wrong thinking and has explained what to do to avoid error and deviation. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
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  • 22. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 23. “Now if thou pay heed (follow) unto the majority of those [who live] on earth, they will but lead thee astray from the path of Allah: they follow but [other people's] conjectures, and they themselves do nothing but guess *. Verily, thy Sustainer knows best as to who strays from His path, and best knows He as to who are the rightguided.” (Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 116-117) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 24. 1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledge The phrase: * “nothing but guess (conjecture)” * i.e. They only guess regarding the true nature of human life and its ultimate destiny, the problem of revelation, the relationship between God and man, the meaning of good and evil etc. – metaphysical questions. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 25. 1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledge Apart from leading man astray from spiritual truths, such guesswork gives rise to arbitrary rules of conduct and self imposed inhibitions. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 26. "And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day)." (Qur’an: Bani Israil : 17 :36) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 27. 1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledge Muslims are to be taught that there is distinction between knowledge (‘ILM) and conjecture or guesswork (DZONN); between absolute and relative; between what are reliable and unreliable reports, and how to distinguish between them; etc. It exposes the fallacy of merely following the majority without concern for substantiation of truth, which seems to be the common approach, albeit erroneously adopted by people, in matters of religion. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 28. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 29. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desires If man wants to judge rightly, he should fully maintain his impartiality. In other words, he should seek Truth only, and accept without hesitation what evidence proves. He should behave exactly like a judge in a court of justice, who while studying a case ought to be neutral to the claims of both parties. If he is biased towards one party, the arguments in favour of that party will unconsciously attract his attention and the arguments against it will automatically be missed by him. That is what will mislead the judge. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 30. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desires If man is not neutral and his thinking is lop-sided, the pointer of his thinking will unconsciously be inclined towards his personal liking and personal desire. That is why the Holy Qur'an regards the base desires as much a source of error as reliance on guess and conjecture. Allah says : All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 31. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desires If man is not neutral and his thinking is lop-sided, the pointer of his thinking will unconsciously be inclined towards his personal liking and personal desire. That is why the Holy Qur'an regards the base desires as much a source of error as reliance on guess and conjecture. Allah says : "They follow nothing but conjecture and that which they desire. “ (Qur’an : Najm 53: 23) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 32. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desires The concept of justice (AL-‘ADL ) are to be applied in analysis, putting things in their appropriate place, requiring impartial appraisal of all relevant views available to be considered and not suppressed or overlooked. Often, this would be difficult when one inclines to own desires (HAWA) or self-interest, therefore we are to be extra cautious of our own failings. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 33. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desires All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 34. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desires “O YOU who have attained to faith! Be ever steadfast in your devotion to Allah, bearing witness to the truth in all equity; and never let hatred of any-one lead you into the sin of deviating from justice. Be just: this is closest to being God-conscious. And remain conscious of Allah: verily, Allah is aware of all that you do.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 8) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 35. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 36. 3. Haste To be able to express an opinion about a question, one should have adequate evidence before him. Unless there is enough evidence, any hasty expression of an opinion is likely to lead to error. In the Holy Qur'an, Allah repeatedly refers to the insufficiency of human knowledge for pronouncing an opinion in respect of many important questions. For example: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 37. "And they ask you about the soul. Say: The soul is one of the commands of my Lord, and you have been given but little knowledge.“ (Qur’an : Bani Israil 17 :85) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 38. 3. Haste In this verse, the question posed was to seek something which man's knowledge is inadequate to appreciate any form of detailed answer, thus only a general response suffices. It does not provide fully what was being asked, but responded in accordance with the preparedness of the questioner, but it cautioned him that, although our knowledge about the soul may be little, this general response may suffice. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 39. 3. Haste So we should not deny its existence just because we cannot fully satisfy our curiosity regarding it. It teaches us that we should not be hasty in addressing any issue, but to consider carefully what is offered based on available knowledge. The key point here is, knowledge. To accept is with knowledge, and to deny it also must be based upon knowledge . All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 40. 3. Haste Do not reject something by simply basing it upon our ignorance of that thing - e.g. some people categorically deny something with the irrelevant excuse e.g. "because I have not come across it." This statement is simply an admission of his ignorance of that thing, not a proof (knowledge) that that thing does not exist! All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 41. 3. Haste From the above, we are taught, nay, warned against being hasty in 2 things : (1) That we must not believe a thing unless we have sure knowledge about it. (Warning against hasty believing something without knowledge). (2) That we must not deny a thing unless we have sure knowledge about it. (Warning against hasty denial without knowledge). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 42. “As it is, man [often] prays for things that are bad as if he were praying for something that is good: for man is prone to be hasty [in his judgments].” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 11) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 43. “FIGHTING is ordained for you, even though it be hateful to you; but it may well be that you hate a thing the while it is good for you, and it may well be that you love a thing the while it is bad for you: and Allah knows, whereas you do not know.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 216) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 44. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 45. “IS MAN, then, not aware that it is We who create him out of a [mere] drop of sperm - whereupon, lo! he shows himself endowed with the power to think and to argue? And [now] he [argues about Us, and] thinks of Us in terms of comparison, and is oblivious of how he himself was created! [And so] he says, “Who could give life to bones that have crumbled to dust?” (Qur’an: Ya Seen: 77: 78) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 46. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 47. “Why do not the believing men and women, whenever such [a rumour] is heard, think the best of one another and say, “This is an obvious falsehood”? why do they not [demand of the accusers that they] bring [prove of] their allegation? for, if they do not produce four such witnesses, it is those [accusers] who, in the sight of Allah, are liars indeed!” (Qur’an: Nur : 24: 12-13) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 48. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 49. 4. Traditional thinking and looking to the past Man has a tendency to readily accept an idea or a belief that was accepted by past generations, without giving it any further thought. Allah s.w.t. in the Holy Qur'an, reminds people that they should have independent thinking and should not accept anything without judging it carefully, simply because it was accepted by others in the past. Thus: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 50. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 51. "But when they are told, "Follow what Allah has revealed" some answers, "Nay, we shall follow (only) that which we found our forefathers believe in and did." What! even though their forefathers did not understand anything and had no guidance?“ (Qur’an : Baqarah 2 :170) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 52. 4. Traditional thinking and looking to the past In spite of advancement in education, yet when it concerns religious beliefs and practices, many people tend to blindly imitate or follow whatever their forefathers may have passed on for them. When new and verifiable evidence are offered, they refuse to even consider them but rely only on this blind fanaticism. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 53. ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION This does not therefore mean we reject “TRADITIONS”, like the group advocating post-modernism and ‘liberal ’ tendencies are promoting. They wish to present a truncated version of ‘truth’ by ignoring the past. By denying the validity of truth as embedded within the continuous and valid historical legacy of true scholars, they hope to usurp and hijack the Islamic discourse replacing it only with their ‘newly ’ enlightened liberal ideas - by simplistically branding all earlier scholars’ views as ‘backward’, hiding all the valid arguments already established. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 54. ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION “(Honour) My successors, may Allah s.w.t. be Merciful towards them!.” He was asked: “Who are your successors O Messenger of Allah?” And he said: “They are those who revive my Sunnah and teaches them to the servants of Allah.” (Hadith of the Prophet s.a.w.) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 55. ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION “He is not from my Ummah (community), One who do not respect our elders, or One who is not merciful (kind) to our young, and one who do not know (and respect the rights of) our ‘Ulama’ (Islamic scholars).” (Hadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by Tabrany ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 56. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 57. 5. Cult of personality In this last era, another cause of wrong thinking is the cult of personality. Because of the great respect in which certain people are held, some of the celebrated historical and contemporary personalities influence the thinking and the will of others. Some famous / infamous personalities have been known to control the thinking of others such that these people think and have the same opinion as they. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 58. 5. Cult of personality Other people do not dare differ from the (so-called) great people and so lose their independence of thought and will. Allah s.w.t. calls upon people to think independently and not to follow their elders and other influential personalities blindly. They, the misguided and heedless people will regret them on Judgement Day: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 59. "And they will say (in the Hereafter) : “O our Lord! Behold! We (obeyed) paid heed unto our leaders and great men, and it is they who have led us astray from the right path!” (Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 67) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 60. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION ‘Cult of personality’ - It is when a person is being followed, obeyed or imitated unconditionally, i.e. without him needing to provide any authoritative basis or verifiable knowledge; – relying only upon his charisma, power, charm, popularity or whatever factor he possesses, which held people to be in awe or captivated by him – but devoid of any rationale proof, true knowledge or in accordance with certain reasonable criteria. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 61. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION Prophets (a.s.) and all Islamic scholars who are true heirs of the prophets (WARATHATUL-ANBIYA), such as those proven scholars of Islam (e.g. A-immah mujtahidun, Hujjatul Islam Abu Hamid alGhazali, Imam An-Nawaawi and Qutb al-Irshad Habib ‘Abdillah AlHaddad, and our ‘Ulama in the Nusantara that follow them faithfully – may Allah bless their souls and elevate their ranks), do not fall into this category of cult. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 62. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION Their works have been continuously studied, checked, discussed and disseminated through generations of Islamic scholars up till the present; and the classical original texts are still available to be referred to. This cross-referencing and scrutiny by fellow scholars, ensures the faithful transmission, and the learning process would inevitably trained Muslims to verify whatever they are taught. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 63. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION Yet, in the present age, we need to be cautious of pseudo-scholars who may use religion to start a cult-following. Devoid of knowledge ( JAHIL ), they would attract followings only through a display of outward ‘ piety’ or ‘holiness’ as though these are sufficient and valid credentials to prove that they are learned and thus by this method, they manipulate obedience of their followers. Unfortunately, many followers of cult are themselves ignorant, devoid of criterion, attracted only to charms and charisma. It is only those truly learned, that can detect the ignorance. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 64. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION One tell-tale sign of cult is that the ‘teacher’ would strictly forbid their students/followers from asking him questions (which he fear would expose his own ignorance); or forbid them from learning or consulting with other Islamic scholars and teachers of the Deen. Traditionally, Islamic scholars requires an ‘ ijazah’ (permission) from his teacher or established Islamic scholars before he can teach (not mere self-reading or paper qualifications certificates). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 65. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION As in most profession, he must have the permission of qualified Islamic scholar or scholars of standing ( from the community of practitioners ). And whatever his teachings, it can and be open to being scrutinised. Therefore, to know who his past (and perhaps, present) teachers, is very important – not merely knowing which school, university or faceless organization he claims to be from. With this, even his character, moral standings and competency can be cross-referenced with other known scholars who may be his colleagues under the same teacher. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 66. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION And learning in Islam must be “TALAQQI” (face-to-face), studentteacher in sessions (class or halaqah), and preferably being under mentoring, for a duration under a living teacher – from which the Islamic teacher’s “ijazah” is then given. This ensures “Sanad ” (chain of transmission) and of the blessings of knowledge is kept. From traditional Islamic perspective, viewing videos, mere reading from books, or watching on ‘YouTube’, does not yet qualify one to be regarded as the student of the particular scholar. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 67. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 68. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION “An immoral man of learning is a great evil, yet greater evil is an ignoramus (jaahilun) leading a ‘godly pious’ life (mutanassik). Both are a great trial everywhere, to whomsoever (wishing to) cling to his religion (by having to follow people like them).” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 69. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION Most important today is that, those who are not Muslims, cannot be regarded as our ‘Ulama (Islamic scholars), no matter how much he may have learnt or have ‘taught’ Islamic studies. Although we may benefit from some of their research and learning, yet we have to be very discerning and careful in deriving any Islamic knowledge or information from them. We need to rely upon our Islamic ‘Ulama , and constantly check whatever input they may disseminate. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 70. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 71. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION “O ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and (ULIL-’AMRI MINKUM) those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: that is best, and most suitable for final determination.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 59) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 72. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 73. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION “Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religion (FAQ-QIH FID-DEEN) and admonish the people when they return to them ― that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).” (Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 122) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 74. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 75. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION “O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy (bitwaa-nah*) those outside your ranks; they will not fail to corrupt you. They only desire your ruin: rank hatred has already appeared from their mouths; what their hearts conceal is far worse. We have made plain to you the Signs, if ye have wisdom. (Qur’an : Aali’Imran: 3:118) *bitwaa-nah : advisors, consultants, protectors, intimate friends, helpers ... All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 76. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION “For, never will the Jews be pleased with thee. nor yet the Christians, unless thou follow their own creeds (Faiths).” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 120) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 77. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 78. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION “If anyone contends with the Messenger even after guidance has been plainly conveyed to him, and follows a path other than that becoming to men to Faith , We shall leave him in the path he has chosen, and land him in Hell, what an evil refuge.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 115) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 79. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rh.a) advices and warns us Muslims: ”Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEEN (Religion), so look thoroughly into the person from whom you acquire (the knowledge of) your DEEN Religion.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 80. EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 81. RELEVANT EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” TEACHER : AN IMPORTANT QUALIFICATION When we speak of learning and education in Islam, the role of the learned scholar – MU’ALLIM, the USTAZ (teacher) whose capacity is also as a MU-ADDIB (Educator) who provides IRSHADAH (spiritual guidance) etc., cannot be overlooked. Remember, the ‘ULAMA is an ‘institution’ within the persons or the personalities - and cannot be ‘hijacked’ by the corporate people as though to refer to organizations, bodies, schools etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 82. RELEVANT EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” TEACHER : AN IMPORTANT QUALIFICATION The proper development of Islamic teachers : with the correct belief, worldview, passion and committed to DA’WAH, who understand the AMANAH (Trust) which they are supposed to be shouldering, constantly vigilant regarding the challenges to the UMMAH etc. - is the most vital consideration. Without this factor – the teachers, their training and their development - it is rather useless to speak of any curriculum. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 83. RELEVANT EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” TEACHER : AN IMPORTANT QUALIFICATION Unfortunately today, certain people’s obsession with only producing texts, experimenting with educational aids and latest in information technology , overawed by other system of learning, that they inadvertently ignored the difference in the Islamic educational philosophy, the aims, approach and objective etc. until Muslims are learning ‘Islam’ merely as subjects, rather than subjecting themselves to ‘Islam’. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 84. RELEVANT EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” TEACHER : AN IMPORTANT QUALIFICATION Thus, the tendency towards teaching FIQH as subjects to be taught according to whatever text / books popularly chosen may be predominant. And given that most of these books were written as reference manual on FIQH, the class should rather focus on students understanding, inculcating the appreciation of how relevant these rulings are to Muslims in life. Therefore this depends much upon who is teaching FIQH. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 85. RELEVANT EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” CHALLENGES AND DEVELOPMENT It must be noted that today, with the availability of easy access to books and information on the internet; with greater reliance to selfstudy rather than undergoing right tutelage under the guidance of competent teachers; with the proliferations of ideologies of groups promoting unknown agendas in the name of Islam; - Muslims being deprived of a competent teacher’s guidance in FIQH should be a very grave concern - indeed. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 86. RELEVANT EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” CHALLENGES AND DEVELOPMENT Indeed it is alarming, with people entering discourses and meddling in Islam beyond their competency (by Muslims and even non-Muslims), and compounded by the relative ignorance of general Muslims regarding their own basics knowledge of their DEEN. Especially when this involves specialized fields and subjects, for which they do not have any authority to be giving their opinion to the public. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 87. RELEVANT EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” CHALLENGES AND DEVELOPMENT Can any one claim the right to be involved in giving or engaging in serious discourse in other specialised fields like medicine or engineering without adequate knowledge? Or even if one knows something about draughtsmanship or have read medical journals, without the proper training and approval of the true practitioners in their respective fields, messing in these would be deemed a crime – wouldn’t it? All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 88. EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” TA’RUF – RELEVANT INFORMATION REGARDING MYSELF …. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 89. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 90. “The best ones amongst you is the person who makes you remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.” (Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a .) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 91. KUTTAB KAK IJUM (NEK HAJI) - @ MINTO ROAD, JALAN SULTAN SHEIKH ABU BAKAR BAHASWAN (QUR’AN) ADAB - FARDHU ‘AIN – RATIB AL-HADDAD – AKHLAQ (FAMILY-BASED) ADULT – FARDHU ‘AIN (PERDAUS) @ MADRASAH ALSAGOFF USTAZ OSMAN JANTAN USTAZ HAFI HAKIM MENTORED (HOME) USTAZ SA’ID BIN MUHAMMAD BIN MUHD SA’ID TAUHEED – (USTAZ MAKTOOM – BUYA MALIK AHMAD) USTAZ GHAFUR *USTAZ MUHAMMAD BIN MUHAMMAD DA’WAH-SIYAASAH – SA’ID BIN ARSHAD SEMARANG – (USTAZ ISMAIL BAHRUM – DR. BURHANUDDIN AL-HELMY) ( *SON OF FOUNDER OF MADRASAH ASSIBYAN) USTAZ HALAQAH (MOSQUE) HAJI DAWOOD BIN HAJI NASIR FIQH AS-SUNNAH – (USTAZ WAN SALLEH – YA’COOB ELIAS) USRAH USTAZ MUHAMMAD B. ABDULLAH B. SALIM BIN DIAB (FIQH) KIYAI HAJI SHUKUR (TASAWWUF) HABIB SALIM AL-ATTAS (MASJID BA-’ALAWIE) AL-MANAR (AFGHANI –ABDUH – RASHID REDHA) IKHWANUL MUSLIMUN (HASSAN AL-BANNA – SAYYID SABIQ – ALGHAZZALI) PERSATUAN ISLAM – MUHAMMADIYYAH – AL-IRSHAD – NAHDATUL ‘ULAMA TABLIGH – PERIPENSIS - HIMPUNAN BELIA ISLAM – JAM’IYYAH – DARUL ARQAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) MORE
  • 92. (1982) when the main resource teacher (Ustaz) for Muslim converts then, Allahyarham Cikgu Hj Zaini Hj Ahmad became indisposed due to ill-health, I was interviewed by the then Singapore second Mufti Syed Esa bin Semait and Allahyarham Ustaz Syed ‘Abdillah bin Ahmad al-Jufri, was granted permission and appointed by them to be the Ustaz to replace his role. I was also appointed as one of the Registrar for conversion of new Muslims. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 93. WHILE SERVING IN DARUL ARQAM (1991-1997) MOULAVI BABU SAHIB SHEIKH AHMAD DEEDAT DR. JAMAL BADAWI DR.GARY MILLER AHMED VON DENFER MOULANA IMRAN HOESEIIN DR. BILAL PHILLIPS DR. MAURICE BUCCAILLE DR. AHMAD SAKR HJ. A. KARIM GERALD D’CRUZ KIYAI DRS. MUCHTAR ADAM USTAZ HUSSEIN SHAHAB ... AND MANY OTHER VISITING SCHOLARS . WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS (1997-2004) USTAZ HJ. ABU BAKAR HASHIM USTAZ SYED ‘ABDILLAH AL-JUFRI USTAZ AHMAD SONHADJI MUHAMMAD USTAZ SALLIM JASMAN USTAZ SYED HASSAN AL-BAHAR ... AND MANY OTHER ASAATIZAH. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) ISTAC-PERGAS SEMINAR (2000) PROF. SYED MUHAMMAD NAQUIB AL-ATTAS PROF. WAN MOHD NOR WAN DAUD PROF. ALA-EDDIN KHAROUFA PROF, MALIK BADRI PROF. ABDUL RAHIM MUDDATHIR PROF. AMIR ROUBA-’IE PROF. FERID MUHIC PROF. AHMAD MUSAVI KAZEMI PROF. CEMIL AKDOĞAN PROF. HASSAN EL-NAGAR DR. MUHAMMAD ZAINIY UTHMAN DR. BURHANUDDIN AHMAD DR. WAN AZHAR DR. UGI SUHARTO DR. ADI SETIA DR. FARID SAHRAN OTHERS UNABLE TO LIST MANY MORE ISLAMIC SCHOLARS, TEACHERS, ACADEMICIANS, ELDERS, ETC. WHICH I HAD PERSONALLY MET, LEARNT AND BENEFITTED ROM THEIR WISDOM AND ADVICES o ary m Sum ft rs che ea
  • 94. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – SO LET US MAKE DU’A TO ALLAH S.W.T. "ALLAA-HUM-MA ARINAL-HAQ-QA - HAQ-QA , WAR-ZUQ-NAT –TIBAA - ’AWA-ARINAL – BAA-TWI-LA BAA-TWILA , WAR-ZUQ-NAJ- TI-NAA-BA” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 95. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – SO LET US MAKE DU’A TO ALLAH S.W.T. “O Allah! Make us to see truth as true D UE and grant us the ability to follow it;TIN N CO And make us to see falsehood as false BE TO and make us able to reject it.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) H LA L -A HA S IN ...
  • 96. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 96