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(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
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(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
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(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot
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(Slideshare) lesson# 13-tauhid-sifat -(the 20 attributes) 7-july-2012.pot

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“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED” …

“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED”
Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail


TAUHEED AS-SIFAAT 20 ESSENTIAL
ATTRIBUTES OF ALLAH

This is one of the traditional approaches in ensuring the understanding of attributes of Allah, amongst Muslims who are exposed to other religious or philosophical views, does not deviate from that of the pious predecessors
(Salafus-Soleheen)

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  • 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFUL LESSON # 13 “INTRODUCTION TO THE M LE ODU E S STUDY OF TAUHEED” A NEW -COUR Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults CH ] BAT [2012 conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IT CAN ALSO BE A 16 weekly class started from: 3 March 2012 REFRESHER COURSE FOR Every Saturday night @ 8pm – 10pm MUSLIM PARENTS, Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, EDUCATORS, IN #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL For further information and registration contact E -mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” REVISED @ JUNE 2012)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 2. TO CONTINUEAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 3. This is one of the traditional approaches in ensuring the understanding of attributes of Allah, amongst Muslims who are exposed to other religious or philosophical views, does not deviate from that of the pious predecessors (Salafus-Soleheen) TO CONTINUEAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 4.  In man’s reliance upon rationalising to understand the ‘nature’ of God, they may be prone to error which, if left unguided, may lead to grave consequences.  Although mankind may discern the existence of God – the Supreme Being, Creator of every creations, yet knowledge about who that Supreme Being is (what are His names, attributes etc.), must come from God Himself.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 5.  Islamic scholars responded by stipulating the ‘criteria’ or guideline for using reason (‘AQLIYYAH) in theology, which must also be substantiated with textual basis in Revelations (NAQLIYYAH).  Without which, man’s tendencies towards speculating with anthropomorphic imaginings may occur.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 6. “.. in it (Al-Qur’an) are AAYAT MUHKAMAT - verses basic or fundamental (of established meaning); they are the FOUNDATION OF THE BOOK: others are AAYAT MUTASHAABIHAT – verses not of well- established meaning.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 7. AAYAT MUHKAMAT – FOUNDATION OF MESSAGE Say: He is Allah the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him. (Qur’an: Surah al-Ikhlas: 112: 1-4)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 8. AAYAT MUHKAMAT – FOUNDATION OF MESSAGE "No vision can encompass Him, whereas He encompasses all vision: for He alone is unfathomable (latif ) *, all-aware." (Q: Anam: 6: 103) * The term latif in ( ُ ‫ ) ٱلّ ِي‬denotes something that is extremely ‫لط ف‬ subtle in quality, and therefore intangible and unfathomable. Whenever this term occurs in the Quran with reference to God in conjunction with the adjective khabir ("all aware"), it is invariably used to express the idea of His inaccessibility to human perception, imagination or comprehension, as contrasted with His Own all-awareness.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 9. AAYAT MUHKAMAT – FOUNDATION OF MESSAGE "There is nothing like unto Him, and yet He alone is all-hearing, all-seeing."* (Q: As-Shura 42 : 11) * The Oneness and Absolute Uniqueness of God is stressed here. In the phrase "there is nothing like unto Him " implies that He is fundamentally - not merely in His attributes "different" from anything that exists or could exist, or anything that man can conceive or imagine or define.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 10. AAYAT MUHKAMAT – FOUNDATION OF MESSAGE Thus, even the "how " of His being "different" from everything else is beyond the categories of human thought. Therefore, the concern in Islamic theology is not in trying to discern His Essence (Dzat), which is an impossibility due to human imperfection and limitation. But we are encourage to know Him by way of His attributes and other Signs (Aayat).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 11. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 12. SIFAT NAF-SIYYAH When we contemplate the ‘Divine Being’ we refer to as God (Allah), His Existence (Wujud) is an attribute (Sifat) which is inseparable from being regarded also as His Essence (Dzat). Thus the term “Sifat Nafsiyyah ” means “Attribute which is also the Essence”. Another term used is “Sifat Tsubutiyya” – the “Established or immutable attribute” ALLAH’S ATTRIBUTE (SIFAT) WHICH IS ALSO HIS ESSENCE (DZAT)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 13. EXISTENCE WUJUD  There are countless ways to verify the existence of God. When Muslim acknowledges God’s existence, by this he is also certain of what God is not – i.e. anything antithetical to this notion is rejected as absurd, and cannot be attributed to God. ALLAH’S ATTRIBUTE (SIFAT) WHICH IS ALSO HIS ESSENCE (DZAT)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 14. EXISTENCE WUJUD  A Muslim’s belief is one of conviction, once established, it must not be left to uncertainty or doubts. Even if one do not fully know what a thing is, he can be regarded to essentially know it sufficiently, only by way of denying what, it is not. ALLAH’S ATTRIBUTE (SIFAT) WHICH IS ALSO HIS ESSENCE (DZAT)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 15. “Such is Allah, your Lord. There is no God save Him, the Creator of all things, so worship Him. And He takes care of all things.” (Q: An’am : 6: 102) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 16. “Were they created of nothing, or were they themselves the creators? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, they have no firm belief.” (Qur’an: Tur : 6: 35-36) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 17.  Our very own existence, and existence of creations cannot be denied.  From whence do these creations emanate? If it comes from yet another creation, then it still has not resolve the question as to who is the initial Creator, leading to a never ending loop of questioning (talsalsul) – an absurdity.  The only logical answer would be that it must have come from the First Cause (God, Creator), Who alone is not part of creation.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 18. S SONI NG : H E REA reasons) LE OF T seven EX AMP s for all ONE to slide r (refeAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 19. FIRSTLY : By unwavering mathematical law we can prove that our universe was designed and executed by a great engineering Intelligence. Suppose you put ten coins, marked from one to ten, into your pocket and give them a good shuffle. Now try to take them out in sequence from one to ten, putting back the coin each time and shaking them all again.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 20. FIRSTLY : • Mathematically we know that your chance of first drawing number one is one in ten; of drawing one and two in succession, one in 100; of drawing one, two and three in succession, one in a thousand, and so on; your chance of drawing them all, from one to number ten in succession, would reach the unbelievable figure of one chance in ten thousand million.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 21. • FIRSTLY : • By the same reasoning, so many exacting conditions are necessary for life on earth that they could not possibly exist in proper relationship by chance. • The earth rotates on its axis at one thousand miles an hour; if it turned at one hundred miles an hour, our days and nights would be ten times as long as now, and the hot sun would then burn up our vegetation during each long day while in the long night any surviving, sprout would freeze.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 22. FIRSTLY : • Again, the sun, source of our life, has a surface temperature of 12,000 degrees Fahrenheit, and our earth is just far enough away so that this "eternal fire" warms us just enough and not too much! If the sun gave off only one-half its present radiation, we would freeze, and if it gave half as much more, we would roast.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 23. FIRSTLY : • The slant of the earth, tilted at an angle of 23 degrees, gives us our seasons; if it had not been so tilted, vapours from the ocean would move north and south, piling up for us continents of ice.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 24. FIRSTLY : • If our moon was, say, only 50 thousand miles away instead of its actual distance our tides would be so enormous that twice a day all continents would be submerged; even the mountains would soon be eroded away.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 25. FIRSTLY : • If the crust of the earth had been only ten feet thicker, there would be no oxygen without which animal life must die. Had the ocean been a few feet deeper, carbon dioxide and oxygen would have been absorbed and no vegetable life could exist.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 26. FIRSTLY : • Or if our atmosphere had been thinner, some of the meteors, now burned in space by the million every day, would be striking all parts of the earth, starting fires everywhere. • Because of these, and host of other examples, there is not one chance in millions that life on our planet is an accident! AND THERE ARE SIX OTHER REASONS …. Refer to separate slidesAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 27. “We are still in the dawn of the scientific age and every increase of light reveals more brightly the handiwork of an intelligent Creator. In the 90 years since Darwin we have made stupendous discoveries; with a spirit of scientific humility and of faith grounded in knowledge we are approaching even nearer to an awareness of God. For myself, I count seven reasons for my faith" : Mr. A. Cressy Morrison, former President of the New York Academy of SciencesAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 28. “Whatever is in the heavens and on earth, doth declare the Praises and Glory of Allah― the Sovereign, the Holy One, the Exalted in Might, the Wise.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 29. What Allah says is indeed true. Any who can sincerely think; who can observe many such wonderful signs – having knowledge of such complexity; and of how amazingly equipped some of these are; their ability to function in such a manner, etc. - and these things are not able to directly manage themselves, but somehow are being managed - surely, we have to concede of the power of Allah, the CreatorAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 30. • Who created and designed them? and Whose power Sustains and continue to manifest a Will over them ? • To deny existence of God - this is sheer arrogance and surely preposterous for this would then merely ascribe it to nature. • And what is nature? An unknown entity, devoid of any attribution of Will nor intelligence. Yet they imply that it (nature) alone can sustain us ... !??All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 31. • How stubbornly foolish are the deniers of truth ! Nay, if we sincerely look within our heart and mind, especially reinforced and supported by our pure intuition (FITRAH ), these evidence prove clearly of the existence of an absolute Creator and Sustainer. • And there can only be One Who is the Absolute - and to deny this is to conceal or cover an obvious truth (the attitude termed ‘KUFR‘ ). Na-uu-dzu bil-laah min dzaa-lik!All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 32. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 33. SIFAT SAL-BIYYAH  The term “Sifat Sal-biyyah ” means “Negating attributes”,  By which, we Muslims are taught to negate attributes that is opposite to these, to be attributed to God. ALLAH’S DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES (SIFAT) -NEGATING OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 34. SIFAT SAL-BIYYAH  This is because, when we say God ‘exist’, and at the same time we are applying this term ‘exist’ also to ourselves or to creations, if we do not therefore differentiate the Divine from the created regarding this (concept of existence), it would constitute ‘shirk ’ (setting up partner or partners) to Allah, Who Alone is (God) Divine. ALLAH’S DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES (SIFAT) -NEGATING OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 35. SIFAT SAL-BIYYAH  Thus, the logical process towards ensuring we do not ascribe partners to Allah is to differentiate the meaning of His Existence (Wujud) from that of others.  So what are these unique attributes that is exclusive to God’s existence? ALLAH’S DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES (SIFAT) -NEGATING OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 36. EXISTENCE QIDAM ETERNITY - FOREVER EXISTING WITHOUT ANY BEGINNING  Our understanding of “existence” must be differentiated when applied to God. Firstly, Allah is the creator of our ‘notion’ of time, thus only Allah alone has existed without any beginning (forever existing). Whose existence is (WAJIB-AL-WUJUD) essential ,to the existence of creations – i.e. termed ‘contingent existence’ - (MUMKIN-AL-WUJUD).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 37. “He (Allah) is the First and the Last” (Qur’an: Hadid : 57: 3) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 38. EXISTENCE BAQA’ EVERLASTINGNESS – ETERNALLY WITHOUT END  As our understanding of “existence” must be differentiated when applied to God, therefore secondly, Allah alone is Absolute and will always exist without any ending (forever existing). All other existence (i.e. in creations) is only contingent existence (MUMKIN AL-WUJUD) which may cease, dependent upon the Will of Allah.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 39. “But will abide (forever) the Face of thy Lord― full of Majesty, Bounty and Honour.” (Qur’an: Ar-Rahmaan: 55: 27)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 40. EXISTENCE MUKHALA-FATUHU-LIL- HAWADITH DIFFERENT FROM ANYTHING WHICH IS REGARDED AS NEW (CREATION)  Muslim holds the belief that we cannot attribute to Allah similar attributes like those possessed by creations. Any descriptions in the Qur’an and As-Sunnah which use metaphors or allegorical verses (ayat mutashabbiha) for Allah, must not be taken as literal or regarded as having a decisive meaning.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 41. “There is nothing whatever like unto Him” (Qur’an: Shura: 42: 11) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 42. “He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him.” (Qur’an: al-Ikhlas: 112: 3-4) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 43. EXISTENCE QIYAA-MUHU-BI-NAFSIHI HE EXISTED BY HIMSELF (WITHOUT NEED FOR OTHERS)  Men’s tendencies towards anthropomorphic attributions to God is to be refuted. Allah alone is God, the One Being who is Absolute and utterly transcends the notion of ever needing a cause, other than in and by Himself.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 44. “O ye men! it is ye that have need of Allah: but Allah is the One Free of all wants, Worthy of all praise.” (Qur’an: Faatir: 35: 15) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 45. EXISTENCE WAH-DAA-NIYAH ABSOLUTE ONENESS  In our understanding Allah - His attributes (sifaat ), His Names (asma’) and His Acts (Af’al ); we do not in any way negate His Absolute Oneness. Allah being the Absolute One, indivisible, Infinite Being – having no partners, etc. is fundamental in the Islamic Creed.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 46. “Say: He is Allah the One and Only;.” (Qur’an: al-Ikhlas: 112: 1) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 47. “And your God is one God; there is no god but He Most Gracious, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 163) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 48. “If there were in the heavens and the earth, other gods besides Allah, there would have been ruin in both! But glory to Allah the Lord of the Throne: (High is He) above what they attribute to Him! .” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 21: 22) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 49. “They disbelieve who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: for there is no god except One God. .” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 72) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 50. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 51. SIFAT MA-’AANIY  The term “Sifat Ma’aaniy ” would mean “Attributing with the meaning of”.  While “Existence” is both Allah’s attribute (Sifat) and essence (Dzat), there are other meaningful attributes which we may know Allah with, and generally understood.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 52. SIFAT MA-’AANIY  And in the Revealed texts too, such words are also being used. It is in the meaning (not essence) of these words that we may conceive. But, our conception of these meanings remains only as ‘allegorical’ or ‘metaphors’ for we cannot claim to know the full Reality of God’s attributes.  Yet we also cannot deny God of not having these attributes because that would be ridiculous and absurd.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 53. EXISTENCE QUDRAH POSSESSING POWER  Certainly Allah is all-powerful. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God as having attributes of weakness, impotent etc.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 54. “For verily, Allah hath power over all things.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 20) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 55. EXISTENCE IRAADAH POSSESSING WILL  Certainly Allah possesses ‘Will’. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the misconception of God without a Will, incapable of decree and decision, inconsequential, uncreative, etc.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 56. “For verily, your Lord is the (sure) Accomplisher of what He wills (plans).” (Qur’an: Hud: 2: 107) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 57. “Verily, when He (Allah) intends a thing, His command is ‘Be’ and it is!” (Qur’an: Ya Seen: 36: 82) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 58. EXISTENCE ‘ILMUN KNOWING  Certainly Allah is all-knowing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God as being ignorant, forgetful, etc.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 59. “He is Allah, than Whom there is no other God, the Knower of the Invisible and the Visible. He is the Beneficent, Merciful. “ (Qur’an: Hashr: 59: 22) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 60. “For Allah has full knowledge of all things. “ (Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 62) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 61. EXISTENCE HAYAAT LIVING  Certainly Allah is the Ever-Living. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God who is dead or who can die.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 62. “Allah! There is no Allah but He―the Living, the Self-Subsisting Eternal.“ (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 2) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 63. “He is the living (One): There is no god but He: Call upon Him giving Him sincere devotion.“ (Qur’an: Mu’min (Ghafir): 3: 65) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 64. EXISTENCE SAM’UN HEARING  Certainly Allah is all-Hearing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the ridiculous assertion of God as being deaf, deprived or obstructed from hearing etc.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 65. “For verily, Allah is He who hears and knows all things.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 148) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 66. EXISTENCE BASWARUN SEEING  Certainly Allah is All-Seeing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the ridiculous assertion of God as being blind, or that things can be concealed or hidden from Him, etc.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 67. “There is nothing whatever like unto Him, and He is the One that hears and sees (all things).” (Qur’an: Shura: 42: 11) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 68. “Verily Allah knows the unseen of the heavens and the earth: and Allah sees well all that ye do.” (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 18) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 69. EXISTENCE KALAAMUN SPEECH  Certainly Allah possesses Speech. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the foolish assertion of God as being dumb, unable to communicate, etc.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 70. “And to Moses Allah spoke direct.―.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 164) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 71. “We have, without doubt sent down the Message (Al-Qur’an) ; and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption).” (Qur’an: Hijr: 15: 9) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 72. “Al-Qur’an is the speech of Allah, it is not from amongst creations (makhluq).” * (Hadith of Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.) AMONGST OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 73. Although the thirteen essential attributes is regarded as sufficient, the tendency to regard Allah (God) as being remote being transcendent – as though unrelated to our existence, Islamic scholars added these seven more attributes to refute such absurd notions, i.e. to re-assert the Ever presence of Allah’s existence, in man’s life.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 74. This is because our understanding of God’s existence is beyond the notion of transcendent or immanent which our mind may tend to imagine. For some may regard God as a Being, totally detached and uninvolved is man’s existence. They may regard His attributes as mere potentials, thus these additional seven attributes remove the fallacy.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 75. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 76. SIFAT MA-’ANAWIYAH  The term “Sifat Ma’nawiyyah ” would mean “Attributing the full and relevant consequence from those meanings” to God.  We tend to think of God’s existence as being on a different plane from ours, and thus despite knowing His attributes, some assume that God has no direct relation to our present life on this earth.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 77. SIFAT MA-’ANAWIYAH  For example, although one can understand God to be endowed with power, having a Will, Knowing, Living, Hearing, Seeing and Speaking, there may be people who erroneously assume these as mere potentialities of God.  But, some may doubt by still asking: “can God only be said to be ‘having these attributes’ or does He (even ‘now’) ever manifesting those attributes?”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 78. SIFAT MA-’ANAWIYAH  This possibility of it being ambiguous as some people perhaps may regard God’s existence to be detached from their own, therefore, majority of Islamic scholars added these to the seven previous attributes, to remove that ambiguity.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 79. EXISTENCE QUDRAH POSSESSING POWER KAU-NUHU QAADIRAN HE IS EVER POWERFULAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 80. EXISTENCE IRAADAH POSSESSING WILL KAU-NUHU MUREEDAN HE IS EVER WILLINGAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 81. EXISTENCE ‘ILMUN KNOWING KAU-NUHU ‘ALEEMAN HE IS EVER KNOWINGAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 82. EXISTENCE HAYAAT LIVING KAU-NUHU HAY-YAN HE IS EVER ALIVEAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 83. EXISTENCE SAM’UN HEARING KAU-NUHU SAMEE-’AN HE IS EVER HEARINGAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 84. EXISTENCE BASWARUN SEEING KAU-NUHU BASWEE-RAN HE IS EVER SEEINGAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 85. EXISTENCE KALAAMUN SPEECH KAU-NUHU MUTAKAL-LIMAN HE IS EVER SPEAKINGAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 86. 1 – An attribute which is also the Essence. SIFAT NAFSIYYAH 5 – Distinctive (negating) attributes. SIFAT SAL-BIYYAH 7 – Attributes in the meanings. SIFAT MA-’AANIY 7 – Attributing full consequence and relevance to the meanings. SIFAT MA-’ANAWIYYAHAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 87. TO BE CONTINUED -All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012
  • 88. All welcome to visit my web-blog: • http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ • http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ • http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ • http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ • http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ • http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ • http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ • http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ 88All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012

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