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Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
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Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014
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Slideshare (lesson # 12)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-the-20-essential-attributes(sifaatullah)-7-may-2014

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  • 1. Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFUL # 12 For further information and registration contact E-mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 LESSON “INTRODUCTION TO STUDY OF TAUHEED – (AQA’ID) ” IntermediateLevel IslamiccourseinEnglishforAdults conductedbyUstazZhulkefleeHjIsmail Updated 7 May 2014 18 weekly class started on : 15th JANUARY 2014 Every Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014 “TAUHEED AS-SIFAT” – ITS ELUCIDATION
  • 2. TO CONTINUE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 3. TO CONTINUE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014 This is one of the traditional approaches in ensuring the understanding of attributes of Allah, amongst Muslims who are exposed to other religious or philosophical views, does not deviate from that of the pious predecessors (Salafus-Soleheen)
  • 4.  In man’s reliance upon rationalising to understand the ‘nature’ of God, they may be prone to error which, if left unguided, may lead to grave consequences.  Although mankind may discern the existence of God – the Supreme Being, Creator of every creations, yet knowledge about who that Supreme Being is (what are His names, attributes etc.), must come from God Himself. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 5.  Islamic scholars responded by stipulating the ‘criteria’ or guideline for using reason (‘AQLIYYAH) in theology, which must also be substantiated with textual basis in Revelations (NAQLIYYAH).  Without which, man’s tendencies towards speculating with anthropomorphic imaginings may occur. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014 “.. in it (Al-Qur’an) are AAYAT MUHKAMAT - verses basic or fundamental (of established meaning); they are the FOUNDATION OF THE BOOK: others are AAYAT MUTASHAABIHAT – verses not of well-established meaning.”
  • 7. AAYAT MUHKAMAT – FOUNDATION OF MESSAGE Say: He is Allah the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him. (Qur’an: Surah al-Ikhlas: 112: 1-4) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 8. AAYAT MUHKAMAT – FOUNDATION OF MESSAGE "No vision can encompass Him, whereas He encompasses all vision: for He alone is unfathomable (latif ) *, all-aware." (Q: An'am: 6: 103) * The term 'latif' in ( ‫ٱ‬ُ‫يف‬ِ‫ط‬َّ‫لل‬ ) denotes something that is extremely subtle in quality, and therefore intangible and unfathomable. Whenever this term occurs in the Qur'an with reference to God in conjunction with the adjective 'khabir' ("all aware"), it is invariably used to express the idea of His inaccessibility to human perception, imagination or comprehension, as contrasted with His Own all-awareness. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 9. AAYAT MUHKAMAT – FOUNDATION OF MESSAGE "There is nothing like unto Him, and yet He alone is all-hearing, all-seeing."* (Q: As-Shura 42 : 11) * The Oneness and Absolute Uniqueness of God is stressed here. In the phrase "there is nothing like unto Him " implies that He is fundamentally - not merely in His attributes "different" from anything that exists or could exist, or anything that man can conceive or even imagine or define. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 10. Thus, even the "how " of His being "different" from everything else is beyond the categories of human thought. Therefore, the concern in Islamic theology is not in trying to discern His Essence (Dzat), which is an impossibility due to human imperfection and limitation. But we are encourage to know Him by way of His attributes and other Signs (Aayat). AAYAT MUHKAMAT – FOUNDATION OF MESSAGE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 11. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 12. SIFAT NAF-SIYYAH When we contemplate the ‘Divine Being’ we refer to as God (Allah), and His Existence (Wujud) is an attribute (Sifat) which is inseparable from being regarded also as His Essence (Dzat). Thus the term “Sifat Nafsiyyah ” means “Attribute which is also the Essence”. Another term used is “Sifat Tsubutiyya” – the “Established or immutable attribute” ALLAH’S ATTRIBUTE (SIFAT) WHICH IS ALSO HIS ESSENCE (DZAT) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 13. EXISTENCE WUJUD  There are countless ways to verify the existence of God. When Muslim acknowledges God’s existence, by this he is also certain of what God is not – i.e. anything antithetical to this notion is rejected as absurd, and cannot be attributed to God. ALLAH’S ATTRIBUTE (SIFAT) WHICH IS ALSO HIS ESSENCE (DZAT) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 14. EXISTENCE WUJUD ALLAH’S ATTRIBUTE (SIFAT) WHICH IS ALSO HIS ESSENCE (DZAT)  A Muslim’s belief is one of conviction, once established, it must not be left to uncertainty or doubts. Even if one do not fully know what a thing is, he can be regarded to essentially know it sufficiently, only by way of denying what, it is not. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 15. “Such is Allah, your Lord. There is no God save Him, the Creator of all things, so worship Him. And He takes care of all things.” (Q: An’am : 6: 102) AMONGST OTHERS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 16. AMONGST OTHERS “Were they created of nothing, or were they themselves the creators? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, they have no firm belief.” (Qur’an: Tur : 52 35-36) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 17.  Our very own existence, and existence of creations cannot be denied.  From whence do these creations emanate? If it comes from yet another creation, then it still has not resolve the question as to who is the initial Creator, leading to a never ending loop of questioning (talsalsul) – an absurdity.  The only logical answer would be that it must have come from the First Cause (God, Creator), Who alone is not part of creation. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 19. FIRSTLY : By unwavering mathematical law we can prove that our universe was designed and executed by a great engineering Intelligence. Suppose you put ten coins, marked from one to ten, into your pocket and give them a good shuffle. Now try to take them out in sequence from one to ten, putting back the coin each time and shaking them all again. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 20. FIRSTLY : Mathematically we know that your chance of first drawing number one is one in ten; of drawing one and two in succession, one in 100; of drawing one, two and three in succession, one in a thousand, and so on; your chance of drawing them all, from one to number ten in succession, would reach the unbelievable figure of one chance in ten thousand million. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 21. FIRSTLY : By the same reasoning, so many exacting conditions are necessary for life on earth that they could not possibly exist in proper relationship by chance. The earth rotates on its axis at one thousand miles an hour; if it turned at one hundred miles an hour, our days and nights would be ten times as long as now, and the hot sun would then burn up our vegetation during each long day while in the long night any surviving, sprout would freeze. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 22. FIRSTLY : Again, the sun, source of our life, has a surface temperature of 12,000 degrees Fahrenheit, and our earth is just far enough away so that this "eternal fire" warms us just enough and not too much! If the sun gave off only one-half its present radiation, we would freeze, and if it gave half as much more, we would roast. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 23. FIRSTLY : The slant of the earth, tilted at an angle of 23 degrees, gives us our seasons; if it had not been so tilted, vapours from the ocean would move north and south, piling up for us continents of ice. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 24. FIRSTLY : If our moon was, say, only 50 thousand miles away instead of its actual distance our tides would be so enormous that twice a day all continents would be submerged; even the mountains would soon be eroded away. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 25. FIRSTLY : If the crust of the earth had been only ten feet thicker, there would be no oxygen without which animal life must die. Had the ocean been a few feet deeper, carbon dioxide and oxygen would have been absorbed and no vegetable life could exist. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 26. FIRSTLY : Or if our atmosphere had been thinner, some of the meteors, now burned in space by the million every day, would be striking all parts of the earth, starting fires everywhere. Because of these, and host of other examples, there is not one chance in millions that life on our planet is an accident! All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 27. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 SECONDLY : The resourcefulness of life to accomplish its purpose is a manifestation of all-pervading Intelligence. What life itself is, no man has fathomed. It has neither weight nor dimensions, but it does have force; a growing root will crack a rock.
  • 28. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 SECONDLY : Life has conquered water, land and air, mastering the elements, compelling them to dissolve and reform their combinations.
  • 29. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 SECONDLY : Life, the sculptor, shapes all living things; an artist, it designs every leaf of every tree, and colours every flower. Life is a musician and has each bird to sing its love songs, the insects to call each other in the music of their multitudinous sounds.
  • 30. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 SECONDLY : Life is a sublime chemist, giving taste to fruits and spices, and perfume to the rose changing water and carbonic acid into sugar and wood and, in so doing, releasing oxygen that animal may have the breath of life.
  • 31. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 SECONDLY : Behold an almost invisible drop of protoplasm, transparent and jelly-like, capable of motion, drawing energy from the sun.
  • 32. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 SECONDLY : This single cell, this transparent mist like droplet, holds within itself the germ of life, and has the power to distribute this life to every living thing, great and small. The powers of this droplet are greater than our vegetation and animals and people, for all life came from it.
  • 33. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 SECONDLY : Nature did not create life; fire-blistered rocks and a salt less sea could not meet the necessary requirements. "Who, then, has put it here?"
  • 34. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 THIRDLY : Animal wisdom speaks irresistibly of a good Creator who infused instinct into otherwise helpless little creatures. The young salmon spends years at sea, then comes back to his own river, and travels up the very side of the river into which flows the tributary where he was born. What brings him back so precisely?
  • 35. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 THIRDLY : If you transfer him to another tributary he will know at once that he is off his course and he will fight his way down and back to the main stream and then turn up against the current to finish his destiny more accurately.
  • 36. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 THIRDLY : Even more difficult to solve is the mystery of eels. These amazing creatures migrate at maturity from all ponds and rivers everywhere those from Europe across thousands of miles of ocean - all bound for the same abysmal deeps near Bermuda. There they breed and die.
  • 37. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 THIRDLY : The little ones, with no apparent means of knowing anything except that they are in a wilderness of water, nevertheless find their way back not only to the very shore from which their parent came but thence to the rivers, lakes or little ponds -- so that each body of water is always populated with eels.
  • 38. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 THIRDLY : No American eel has ever been caught in Europe, no European eel in African waters. Nature has even delayed the maturity of the European eel by a year or more to make up for it's longer journey. Where does the directing impulse originate?
  • 39. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 THIRDLY : A wasp will overpower a grasshopper, dig a hole in the earth, sting the grasshopper in exactly the right place so that he does not die but becomes unconscious and lives on as a form of preserved meat. Then the wasp will lay her eggs handily so that her children when they hatch can nibble without killing the insect on which they feed; to them dead meat would be fatal.
  • 40. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 THIRDLY : The mother then flies away and dies; she never sees her young. Surely the wasp must have done all this right the first time and every time, or else there would be no wasp. Such mysterious techniques cannot be explained by adoption; they were bestowed.
  • 41. FOURTHLY : Man has something more than animal instinct - the power of reason. No other animal has ever left a record of its ability to count ten or even to understand the meaning of ten. Where instinct is like a single note of a flute, beautiful but limited, the human brain contains all the notes of all the instruments in the orchestra. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 42. FOURTHLY : No need to belabour this fourth point; thanks to the human reason we can contemplate the possibility that we are what we are only because we have received a spark of Universal Intelligence. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 43. FIFTHLY : Provision for all living is revealed in phenomena which we know today but which Darwin did not know - such as the wonders of genes. So unspeakably tiny are these genes that, if all of them responsible for all living people in the world could be put in one place, there would be less than a thimbleful. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 44. FIFTHLY : Yet these ultra-microscopic genes and their companions, the chromosomes, inhabit every living cell and are the absolute keys to all human, animal and vegetable characteristics. A thimble is a small place in which to put all the individual characteristics of two thousand million human beings. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 45. FIFTHLY : However, the facts are beyond question. Well then, how do genes lock up all the normal heredity of a multitude of ancestors and preserve the psychology of each in such an infinitely small space? All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 46. FIFTHLY : Here evolution really begins - at the cell, the entity, which holds and carries genes. How a few million atoms, locked up as an ultra-microscopic gene, can absolutely rule all on earth is an example of profound cunning and provision that could emanate only from a Creative Intelligence - no other hypothesis will serve. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 47. SIXTHLY : By the economy of nature, we are forced to realise that only infinite wisdom could have foreseen and prepared with such astute husbandry. Many years ago a species of cactus was planted in Australia as a protective fence. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 48. SIXTHLY : Having no insect enemies in Australia the cactus soon began a prodigious growth; the alarming abundance persisted until the plants covered an area as long and wide as England, crowding inhabitants out of the towns and. villages, and destroying their farms. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 49. SIXTHLY : Seeking a defence, the entomologists scoured the world; finally they turned up an insect which exclusively feeds on cactus, and would eat nothing else. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 50. SIXTHLY : It would breed freely too; and it had no enemies in Australia. So animal soon conquered vegetable and today the cactus pest has retreated, and with it all but a small protective residue of the insects, enough to hold the cactus in check forever. Such checks and balances have been universally provided. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 51. SIXTHLY : Why have not fast-breeding insects dominated the earth? Because they have no lungs such as man possesses; they breathe through tubes. But when insects grow large, their tubes do not grow in ratio to the increasing size of the body. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 52. SIXTHLY : Hence there has never been an insect of great size; this limitation on growth has held them all in check. If this physical check had not been provided, man could not exist. Imagine meeting a hornet as big as a lion! All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 53. SEVENTH : The fact that man can conceive the idea of God is in itself a unique proof. The conception of god rises from a divine faculty of man, not shared with the rest of our world - the faculty we call imagination. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 54. SEVENTH : By its power, man and man alone can find the evidence of things unseen. The vista that power opens up is unbounded; indeed, as man is perfected imagination becomes a spiritual reality. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 55. SEVENTH : He may discern in all the evidence of design and purpose the great truth that heaven is wherever and whatever is; that God is everywhere and in everything, but nowhere so close as in our hearts. It is scientifically as well as imaginatively true; in the words of the psalmist: “The heavens declare the glory of God and the firmament shows His handiwork.” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  • 56. “We are still in the dawn of the scientific age and every increase of light reveals more brightly the handiwork of an intelligent Creator. In the 90 years since Darwin we have made stupendous discoveries; with a spirit of scientific humility and of faith grounded in knowledge we are approaching even nearer to an awareness of God. For myself, I count seven reasons for my faith" : Mr. A. Cressy Morrison, former President of the New York Academy of Sciences All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 57. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014 “Whatever is in the heavens and on earth, doth declare the Praises and Glory of Allah― the Sovereign, the Holy One, the Exalted in Might, the Wise.”
  • 58. What Allah says is indeed true. Any who can sincerely think; who can observe many such wonderful signs – having knowledge of such complexity; and of how amazingly equipped some of these are; their ability to function in such a manner, etc. - and these things are not able to directly manage themselves, but somehow are being managed - surely, we have to concede of the power of Allah, the Creator All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 59. Who created and designed them? and Whose power Sustains and continue to manifest a Will over them ? To deny existence of God - this is sheer arrogance and surely preposterous for this would then merely ascribe it to 'nature'. And what is 'nature'? An unknown entity, devoid of any attribution of Will nor intelligence. Yet they imply that it (nature) alone can sustain us ... !?? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 60. How stubbornly foolish are the deniers of truth ! Nay, if we sincerely look within our heart and mind, especially reinforced and supported by our pure intuition (FITRAH ), these evidence prove clearly of the existence of an absolute Creator and Sustainer. And there can only be One Who is the Absolute - and to deny this is to conceal or cover an obvious truth (the attitude termed ‘KUFR‘ ). Na-'uu-dzu bil-laah min dzaa-lik! All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 61. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 62. SIFAT SAL-BIYYAH  The term “Sifat Sal-biyyah ” means “Negating attributes”,  By which, we Muslims are taught to negate attributes that is opposite to these, to be attributed to God. ALLAH’S DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES (SIFAT) -NEGATING OTHERS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 63. SIFAT SAL-BIYYAH ALLAH’S DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES (SIFAT) -NEGATING OTHERS  This is because, when we say God ‘exist’, and at the same time we are applying this term ‘exist’ also to ourselves or to creations, if we do not therefore differentiate the Divine from the created regarding this (concept of existence), it would constitute ‘shirk ’ (setting up partner or partners) to Allah, Who Alone is (God) Divine. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 64. SIFAT SAL-BIYYAH ALLAH’S DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES (SIFAT) -NEGATING OTHERS  Thus, the logical process towards ensuring we do not ascribe partners to Allah is to differentiate the meaning of His Existence (Wujud) from that of others.  So what are these unique attributes that is exclusive to God’s existence? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 65. EXISTENCE ETERNITY - FOREVER EXISTING WITHOUT ANY BEGINNING QIDAM  Our understanding of “existence” must be differentiated when applied to God. Firstly, Allah is the creator of our ‘notion’ of time, thus only Allah alone has existed without any beginning (forever existing). Whose existence is (WAJIB-AL-WUJUD) essential ,to the existence of creations – i.e. termed ‘contingent existence’ - (MUMKIN-AL-WUJUD). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 66. “He (Allah) is the First and the Last” (Qur’an: Hadid : 57: 3) AMONGST OTHERS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 67. EXISTENCE EVERLASTINGNESS – ETERNALLY WITHOUT END BAQA’  As our understanding of “existence” must be differentiated when applied to God, therefore secondly, Allah alone is Absolute and will always exist without any ending (forever existing). All other existence (i.e. in creations) is only contingent existence (MUMKIN AL-WUJUD) which may cease, dependent upon the Will of Allah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 68. “But will abide (forever) the Face of thy Lord― full of Majesty, Bounty and Honour.” (Qur’an: Ar-Rahmaan: 55: 27) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 69. EXISTENCE MUKHALA-FATUHU-LIL-HAWADITH DIFFERENT FROM ANYTHING WHICH IS REGARDED AS NEW (CREATION)  Muslim holds the belief that we cannot attribute to Allah similar attributes like those possessed by creations. Any descriptions in the Qur’an and As-Sunnah which use metaphors or allegorical verses (ayat mutashabbiha) for Allah, must not be taken as literal or regarded as having a decisive meaning. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 70. AMONGST OTHERS “There is nothing whatever like unto Him” (Qur’an: Shura: 42: 11) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 71. AMONGST OTHERS “He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him.” (Qur’an: al-Ikhlas: 112: 3-4) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 72. EXISTENCE QIYAA-MUHU-BI-NAFSIHI HE EXISTED BY HIMSELF (WITHOUT NEED FOR OTHERS)  Men’s tendencies towards anthropomorphic attributions to God is to be refuted. Allah alone is God, the One Being who is Absolute and utterly transcends the notion of ever needing a cause, other than in and by Himself. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 73. AMONGST OTHERS “O ye men! it is ye that have need of Allah: but Allah is the One Free of all wants, Worthy of all praise.” (Qur’an: Faatir: 35: 15) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 74. EXISTENCE WAH-DAA-NIYAH ABSOLUTE ONENESS  In our understanding Allah - His attributes (sifaat ), His Names (asma’) and His Acts (Af’al ); we do not in any way negate His Absolute Oneness. Allah being the Absolute One, indivisible, Infinite Being – having no partners, etc. is fundamental in the Islamic Creed. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 75. AMONGST OTHERS “Say: He is Allah the One and Only;.” (Qur’an: al-Ikhlas: 112: 1) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 76. AMONGST OTHERS “And your God is one God; there is no god but He Most Gracious, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 163) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 77. AMONGST OTHERS “If there were in the heavens and the earth, other gods besides Allah, there would have been ruin in both! But glory to Allah the Lord of the Throne: (High is He) above what they attribute to Him! .” (Qur’an: Anbiya: 21: 22) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 78. AMONGST OTHERS “They disbelieve who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: for there is no god except One God. .” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 72) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 79. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 80. SIFAT MA-’AANIY  The term “Sifat Ma’aaniy ” would mean “Attributing with the meaning of”.  While “Existence” is both Allah’s attribute (Sifat) and essence (Dzat), there are other meaningful attributes which we may know Allah with, and generally understood. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 81. SIFAT MA-’AANIY  And in the Revealed texts too, such words are also being used. It is in the meaning (not essence) of these words that we may conceive. But, our conception of these meanings remains only as ‘allegorical’ or ‘metaphors’ for we cannot claim to know the full Reality of God’s attributes.  Yet we also cannot deny God of not having these attributes because that would be ridiculous and absurd. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 82. EXISTENCE POSSESSING POWER QUDRAH  Certainly Allah is all-powerful. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God as having attributes of weakness, impotent etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 83. AMONGST OTHERS “For verily, Allah hath power over all things.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 20) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 84. EXISTENCE IRAADAH POSSESSING WILL  Certainly Allah possesses ‘Will’. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the misconception of God without a Will, incapable of decree and decision, inconsequential, uncreative, etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 85. AMONGST OTHERS “For verily, your Lord is the (sure) Accomplisher of what He wills (plans).” (Qur’an: Hud: 11: 107) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 86. AMONGST OTHERS “Verily, when He (Allah) intends a thing, His command is ‘Be’ and it is!” (Qur’an: Ya Seen: 36: 82) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 87. EXISTENCE KNOWING ‘ILMUN  Certainly Allah is all-knowing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God as being ignorant, forgetful, etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 88. AMONGST OTHERS “He is Allah, than Whom there is no other god, the Knower of the Invisible and the Visible. He is the Beneficent, Merciful. “ (Qur’an: Hashr: 59: 22) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 89. AMONGST OTHERS “For Allah has full knowledge of all things. “ (Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 62) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 90. EXISTENCE HAYAAT LIVING  Certainly Allah is the Ever-Living. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God who is dead or who can die. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 91. AMONGST OTHERS “Allah! There is no god but He―the Living, the Self-Subsisting Eternal.“ (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 2) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 92. AMONGST OTHERS “He is the living (One): There is no god but He: Call upon Him giving Him sincere devotion.“ (Qur’an: Mu’min (Ghafir): 40: 65) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 93. EXISTENCE HEARING SAM’UN  Certainly Allah is all-Hearing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the ridiculous assertion of God as being deaf, deprived or obstructed from hearing etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 94. AMONGST OTHERS “For verily, Allah is He who hears and knows all things.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 148) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 95. EXISTENCE BA-SWA-RUN SEEING  Certainly Allah is All-Seeing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the ridiculous assertion of God as being blind, or that things can be concealed or hidden from Him, etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 96. AMONGST OTHERS “There is nothing whatever like unto Him, and He is the One that hears and sees (all things).” (Qur’an: Shura: 42: 11) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 97. AMONGST OTHERS “Verily Allah knows the unseen of the heavens and the earth: and Allah sees well all that ye do.” (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 18) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 98. EXISTENCE KALAAMUN SPEECH  Certainly Allah possesses Speech. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the foolish assertion of God as being dumb, unable to communicate, etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 99. AMONGST OTHERS “And to Moses Allah spoke direct.―.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 164) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 100. AMONGST OTHERS “We have, without doubt sent down the Message (Al-Qur’an) ; and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption).” (Qur’an: Hijr: 15: 9) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 101. AMONGST OTHERS “Al-Qur’an is the speech of Allah, it is not from amongst creations (makhluq).” * (Hadith of Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 102. Although the thirteen essential attributes is regarded as sufficient, the tendency to regard Allah (God) as being remote - being transcendent – as though unrelated to our existence, Islamic scholars added these seven more attributes to refute such absurd notions, i.e. to re-assert the Ever presence of Allah’s existence, in man’s life. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 103. This is because our understanding of God’s existence is beyond the notion of transcendent or immanent which our mind may tend to imagine. For some may regard God as a Being, totally detached and uninvolved is man’s existence. They may regard His attributes as mere potentials, thus these additional seven attributes remove the fallacy. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 104. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 105. SIFAT MA-’ANAWIYAH  The term “Sifat Ma’nawiyyah ” would mean “Attributing the full and relevant consequence from those meanings” to God.  We tend to think of God’s existence as being on a different plane from ours, and thus despite knowing His attributes, some assume that God has no direct relation to our present life on this earth. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 106. SIFAT MA-’ANAWIYAH  For example, although one can understand God to be endowed with power, having a Will, Knowing, Living, Hearing, Seeing and Speaking, there may be people who erroneously assume these as mere potentialities of God.  But, some may doubt by still asking: “can God only be said to be ‘having these attributes’ or does He (even ‘now’) is ever manifesting those attributes?” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 107. SIFAT MA-’ANAWIYAH  The possibility of it being ambiguous as some people perhaps may regard God’s existence to be detached from their own, therefore, majority of Islamic scholars added these to the seven previous attributes, to remove that ambiguity. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 108. EXISTENCE QUDRAH POSSESSING POWER KAU-NUHU QAADIRAN HE IS EVER POWERFUL All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 109. EXISTENCE IRAADAH POSSESSING WILL KAU-NUHU MUREEDAN HE IS EVER WILLING All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 110. EXISTENCE KNOWING ‘ILMUN KAU-NUHU ‘ALEEMAN HE IS EVER KNOWING All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 111. EXISTENCE HAYAAT LIVING KAU-NUHU HAY-YAN HE IS EVER ALIVE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 112. EXISTENCE HEARING SAM’UN KAU-NUHU SAMEE-’AN HE IS EVER HEARING All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 113. EXISTENCE BASWARUN SEEING KAU-NUHU BASWEE-RAN HE IS EVER SEEING All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 114. EXISTENCE SPEECH KALAAMUN KAU-NUHU MUTAKAL-LIMAN HE IS EVER SPEAKING All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 115. 1 – An attribute which is also the Essence. 5 – Distinctive (negating) attributes. 7 – Attributes in the meanings. 7 – Attributing full consequence and relevance to the meanings. SIFAT NAFSIYYAH SIFAT SAL-BIYYAH SIFAT MA-’AANIY SIFAT MA-’ANAWIYYAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 116. TO BE CONTINUED - All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014
  • 117. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ Allwelcometovisitmyweb-blog: 117 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2014

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