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[Slideshare] history-of-islam-in-s-e-asia-(updated-april-2013)
 

[Slideshare] history-of-islam-in-s-e-asia-(updated-april-2013)

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    [Slideshare] history-of-islam-in-s-e-asia-(updated-april-2013) [Slideshare] history-of-islam-in-s-e-asia-(updated-april-2013) Presentation Transcript

    • ““INTRODUCTION TO THEINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFSTUDY OF FIQHFIQH ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) LESSON FOR – 10 APRIL 2013LESSON FOR – 10 APRIL 2013 Extracted from: TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM
    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. ““Or do you think that you will enter Paradise whileOr do you think that you will enter Paradise while such [trial] has not yet come to you as came tosuch [trial] has not yet come to you as came to those who passed on before you? They werethose who passed on before you? They were touched by poverty and hardship and were shakentouched by poverty and hardship and were shaken until [even their] messenger and those whountil [even their] messenger and those who believed with him said, "When is the help ofbelieved with him said, "When is the help of Allah?" Unquestionably, the help of Allah is near.”Allah?" Unquestionably, the help of Allah is near.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 214Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 214)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““It is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered aIt is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, tomessenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and torehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom― although theyinstruct them in Scripture and Wisdom― although they had been, before, in manifest error―had been, before, in manifest error― .“.“ ((Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, whoAs well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.”have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.” ((Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • “Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will: and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 4) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah,Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says "I am of those who bow in Islam"works righteousness, and says "I am of those who bow in Islam" ((Qur’an: Fussilat: 41: 33Qur’an: Fussilat: 41: 33)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingentNor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devotefrom every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religion (themselves to studies in religion (LIYA-TAFAQQAHU -FID-DEENLIYA-TAFAQQAHU -FID-DEEN)) and admonish the people when they return to them― that thusand admonish the people when they return to them― that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).”they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).” ((Qur’an: Taubah: 9:122Qur’an: Taubah: 9:122)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants,Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants, those who have knowledge (those who have knowledge (AL-’ULAMAAL-’ULAMA): for Allah is): for Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving.Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving.““ ((Qur’an: Fatir: 35: 28Qur’an: Fatir: 35: 28)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““ Allah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those ofAllah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted Knowledgeyou who believe and who have been granted Knowledge ((UU-TUL-’ILMAUU-TUL-’ILMA): and Allah is well-acquainted with all ye): and Allah is well-acquainted with all ye do.”do.” ((Qur’an: Mujadilah: 58: 11Qur’an: Mujadilah: 58: 11)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““Those who listen to the Word, and follow the best (meaning) in it:Those who listen to the Word, and follow the best (meaning) in it: those are the ones whom Allah has guided, and those are the onesthose are the ones whom Allah has guided, and those are the ones endued with understanding.”endued with understanding.” ((Qur’an: Az-Zumar:39:18Qur’an: Az-Zumar:39:18)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • He (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he toHe (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefitwhom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the message but men ofoverflowing; but none will grasp the message but men of understandingunderstanding.“.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 269Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 269)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger -And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger - those will be with the ones upon whom Allah hasthose will be with the ones upon whom Allah has bestowed favour of the prophets, the steadfastbestowed favour of the prophets, the steadfast affirmers of truth, the martyrs and the righteous.affirmers of truth, the martyrs and the righteous. And excellent are those as companions. That is theAnd excellent are those as companions. That is the bounty from Allah, and sufficient is Allah asbounty from Allah, and sufficient is Allah as Knower.”Knower.” ((Qur’an: an-Nisa’: 4: 69-70Qur’an: an-Nisa’: 4: 69-70)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • “Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion(Deen); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen); a learned scholar (of the Deen) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” ((Reported by Bukhary and MuslimReported by Bukhary and Muslim)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““Whosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek knowledgeWhosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek knowledge ((‘ILMA‘ILMA), Allah will make easy for him the path to Paradise.”), Allah will make easy for him the path to Paradise.” ((Reported by Abu Daud & TirmidziReported by Abu Daud & Tirmidzi)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““The best ones amongst you is the person who makes youThe best ones amongst you is the person who makes you remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever heremember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and withspeaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for yourhis deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.”Hereafter.” ((Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.aHadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a.).)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • 21 ““He is not from my Ummah (community),He is not from my Ummah (community), One who does not respect our elders, orOne who does not respect our elders, or One who is not merciful (kind) to our young, andOne who is not merciful (kind) to our young, and One who do not know ourOne who do not know our ‘Ulama’ -‘Ulama’ - Islamic scholarsIslamic scholars (and respect their rights ) .”(and respect their rights ) .” ((Hadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by TabranyHadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by Tabrany)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • 22 “A person is upon the religion (way of life) of the ones (friends) he is close to, therefore look to whom you (love to be) close to.” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • 23 ””Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of theVerily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEENDEEN (Religion), so look thoroughly into(Religion), so look thoroughly into the person from whom you acquirethe person from whom you acquire (the knowledge of) your(the knowledge of) your DEENDEEN (Religion).”(Religion).” Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims:Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • 24 ““Whosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increaseWhosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increase in his detachment (in his detachment (ZUHDZUHD) for the world, would not have any) for the world, would not have any increase with Allah except in his distancing himself further”increase with Allah except in his distancing himself further” ((Hadith reported by Dailami from ‘Ali ibn Abi Tolib r.aHadith reported by Dailami from ‘Ali ibn Abi Tolib r.a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • 25 ““He is not an ascetic (He is not an ascetic (ZAHIDZAHID) he who is detached (denounce) the) he who is detached (denounce) the dirham and dinar (i.e. money), but verily a true ascetic (dirham and dinar (i.e. money), but verily a true ascetic (ZAHIDZAHID)) is one who detaches himself from all otheris one who detaches himself from all other except the Irresistable (except the Irresistable (Allah jallaajalaa-luhAllah jallaajalaa-luh)”)” ((Explanation of “Explanation of “ZUHDZUHD” by Ibn ‘Arabiy” by Ibn ‘Arabiy)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • 26 ““He who does not exert abstinence (He who does not exert abstinence (WARA’)WARA’) while learning, Godwhile learning, God (Allah) the Almighty chastise [him] in one of three ways:(Allah) the Almighty chastise [him] in one of three ways: [1] either deprives him of life in his youth, or[1] either deprives him of life in his youth, or [2] exiles him into [far-off] regions, or[2] exiles him into [far-off] regions, or [3] punishes him [by forcing him to enter] the service of the Sultan.”[3] punishes him [by forcing him to enter] the service of the Sultan.” A SCHOLARS’ ADVICE FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM”A SCHOLARS’ ADVICE FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • "Verily Allah does not remove knowledge from the (hearts of the)Verily Allah does not remove knowledge from the (hearts of the) people, rather he takes away knowledge by taking away itspeople, rather he takes away knowledge by taking away its people (the true scholars –people (the true scholars – ‘ULAMA‘ULAMA), until there are no more), until there are no more scholars, the people then take leaders that are ignorant, andscholars, the people then take leaders that are ignorant, and when they are asked, and givewhen they are asked, and give fatwasfatwas – religious rulings, (they– religious rulings, (they give) without knowledge, so they misguide and are misguided.“give) without knowledge, so they misguide and are misguided.“ ((Hadith reported by Ashaab as-Sunnan from Ibnu ‘Umar r.aHadith reported by Ashaab as-Sunnan from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““(Honour) My successors ((Honour) My successors (Khulafa’Khulafa’), may Allah s.w.t. be), may Allah s.w.t. be Merciful towards them!.”Merciful towards them!.” He was asked:He was asked: ““Who are your successors (Who are your successors (Khulafa’Khulafa’) O Messenger of Allah?”) O Messenger of Allah?” And he said:And he said: ““They are those who revive myThey are those who revive my SunnahSunnah (Way or traditions)(Way or traditions) and teaches them to the servants of Allah.”and teaches them to the servants of Allah.” ((Hadith of the Prophet s.a.wHadith of the Prophet s.a.w.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • We the prophets are commanded to place peopleWe the prophets are commanded to place people according to their station and to speak unto themaccording to their station and to speak unto them in accordance with their intellectual capacity.in accordance with their intellectual capacity. ((Hadith reported by Abu Dawud from A’isyah r.aHadith reported by Abu Dawud from A’isyah r.a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • “A learned FAQIH (scholar & teacher) is truly FAQIH, one who does not cause others to feel despair from receiving the mercy of Allah (i.e. overly strict and too ‘harsh’); and neither does he (give the impression by his behaviour, a guarantees as if ) anyone can avert or withhold the wrath (punishment) of Allah, nor allows opportunity (by giving dispensation) for anyone to disobey Allah (i.e. being inappropriately lax and too ‘nice’). (Hilyatul-Auliya: 1-73 – as quoted by M.Natsir in Fiqhud-Da’wah) WISE SAYING OF IMAM ‘ALI BIN ABI TOLIB R.A.WISE SAYING OF IMAM ‘ALI BIN ABI TOLIB R.A. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom (Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom (BIL-BIL-HHIKMAHIKMAH) and beautiful) and beautiful preaching (preaching (MAU-’IZAH-MAU-’IZAH-HHASANAHASANAH); and argue with them in ways that are); and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious (best and most gracious (JAADIL-HUM-BIL-LATI -HIYA AJAADIL-HUM-BIL-LATI -HIYA AHHSANSAN): for thy Lord): for thy Lord knows, best who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance. “knows, best who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance. “ ((Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““O Prophet! Truly We have sent thee as a Witness (O Prophet! Truly We have sent thee as a Witness (SHAAHIDAHSHAAHIDAH), a), a Bearer of Glad Tidings (Bearer of Glad Tidings (MUBAS-SHIRAHMUBAS-SHIRAH), and a Warner (), and a Warner (NADZEERAHNADZEERAH)―)― And as one who invites to Allah's (Grace) by His leave (And as one who invites to Allah's (Grace) by His leave (DAA-’IYANDAA-’IYAN ILALLAAHILALLAAH) , and as a Lamp spreading Light () , and as a Lamp spreading Light (SIRAAJAN MUNEERAHSIRAAJAN MUNEERAH).”).” ((Qur’an: Ahzab : 33: 45-46Qur’an: Ahzab : 33: 45-46)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • 36 ““Da-’inDa-’in” [sing.] (caller; one who invites) –” [sing.] (caller; one who invites) – title indicating atitle indicating a high station in the hierarchy of ranks amongsthigh station in the hierarchy of ranks amongst ‘ulama’‘ulama’ of Islamof Islam.. Title accorded only to those with certain criteria; more asTitle accorded only to those with certain criteria; more as ambassador or emissary of Islam - to call others toambassador or emissary of Islam - to call others to al-Islamal-Islam.. TThis title or appellation of ahis title or appellation of a ““Du-’atDu-’at” [pl.]” [pl.] - should not be- should not be carelessly used just because a Muslim is doing or helping in work ofcarelessly used just because a Muslim is doing or helping in work of Da’wah.Da’wah. As Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. is the exemplary :As Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. is the exemplary : ““and as one who invites to Allah's (Grace) by His leaveand as one who invites to Allah's (Grace) by His leave”” , - the task, - the task of such a person is indeed wide-ranging .of such a person is indeed wide-ranging . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • 37 AD-DA-‘I WAD-DA’WAHAD-DA-‘I WAD-DA’WAH (THE CALLER AND THE CALL)(THE CALLER AND THE CALL) MUBALLIGHMUBALLIGH MUDAR-RIS WA MU-‘AL-LIMMUDAR-RIS WA MU-‘AL-LIM MURAB-BI’ - MU-AD-DIB - MURSHIDMURAB-BI’ - MU-AD-DIB - MURSHID MUS-LIMUS-LIHH AD-DEEN WAL-UMMAHAD-DEEN WAL-UMMAH MUJAD-DIDMUJAD-DID MUJAHID - DA’WAHMUJAHID - DA’WAH BIL-LISAAN BIL-QALAAM BIL-HAAL BIS-SAYF QUDWAH HASANAH MUNAZARAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • Trading between the Middle-east and the Orient (China) had pre-existedTrading between the Middle-east and the Orient (China) had pre-existed before the coming of Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.before the coming of Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. Historically, Islam had reached China and South-east Asia since theHistorically, Islam had reached China and South-east Asia since the beginning of Hijriah (Prphet’s migration) period.beginning of Hijriah (Prphet’s migration) period. Arabs and Persian had long been world renown mariners and voyagers,Arabs and Persian had long been world renown mariners and voyagers, plying the ancient trade routes – both overland and sea – long before Islamplying the ancient trade routes – both overland and sea – long before Islam came to Arabia.came to Arabia. SPREAD OF ISLAM TO THE ORIENT – THE SILK ROUTE AND SPICE TRADE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • During the Caliphate of ‘Uthman ibn Affan r.a., the Muslim begunDuring the Caliphate of ‘Uthman ibn Affan r.a., the Muslim begun strengthening the naval armada especially in the Meditaranean sea, mainlystrengthening the naval armada especially in the Meditaranean sea, mainly for Da’wah.for Da’wah. Whereas the sea-route to the East had already been dominated by Arabs,Whereas the sea-route to the East had already been dominated by Arabs, Persians and Indians. Their conversion to Islam facilitated its spread to thePersians and Indians. Their conversion to Islam facilitated its spread to the East for they became ‘ambassadors’ for Islam.East for they became ‘ambassadors’ for Islam. Emissaries and delegation had already been sent to the Emperor of China,Emissaries and delegation had already been sent to the Emperor of China, and this continued on, in the ‘Ummayyad and Abassid period – bothand this continued on, in the ‘Ummayyad and Abassid period – both overland via the “overland via the “Silk RoadSilk Road” or the sea-route of the “” or the sea-route of the “Spice tradeSpice trade”.”. SPREAD OF ISLAM TO THE ORIENT – THE SILK ROUTE AND SPICE TRADE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • Voyages from the Middle-east to China had long begun predating theVoyages from the Middle-east to China had long begun predating the period of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. , even chronicled by the Arab andperiod of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. , even chronicled by the Arab and Persian travellers who were already familiar with the route to China.Persian travellers who were already familiar with the route to China. Apart from the overland SILK ROAD, the sea voyage between Arabia-Apart from the overland SILK ROAD, the sea voyage between Arabia- Persia to China had begun since the Phoenicians period.Persia to China had begun since the Phoenicians period. According toAccording to Chiu T’ang ShuChiu T’ang Shu (record) Islam’s contact with China started(record) Islam’s contact with China started as early as 31H / 651CE when an emissary fromas early as 31H / 651CE when an emissary from Ta ShihTa Shih (Arabia) visited(Arabia) visited the T’ang Emperor.the T’ang Emperor. Since the time of Caliph ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan r.a, many more emmisariesSince the time of Caliph ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan r.a, many more emmisaries were sent and many Muslims settlers were accepted into China.were sent and many Muslims settlers were accepted into China. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • Muslim communities began to be established especially in the coastalMuslim communities began to be established especially in the coastal region of China, as well as along the trade route – in theregion of China, as well as along the trade route – in the NUSANTARANUSANTARA.. NUSANTARANUSANTARA being a stop over on the sea-route to China, one of thebeing a stop over on the sea-route to China, one of the earliest Arab Muslim settlement known was atearliest Arab Muslim settlement known was at BARUSBARUS on northern tipon northern tip ofof SAMUDRASAMUDRA (on Sumatra). Evidence indicated that Muslims were(on Sumatra). Evidence indicated that Muslims were already present there; 34 years after the Hijrah of the Prophet s.a.w.already present there; 34 years after the Hijrah of the Prophet s.a.w. Later with the fall of Baghdad to the Mongols, Muslim influx (diaspora)Later with the fall of Baghdad to the Mongols, Muslim influx (diaspora) to this region was greatly enhanced. And conversion and intermarriagesto this region was greatly enhanced. And conversion and intermarriages with the indigenous occured, and with Islam as catalyst to assimilate allwith the indigenous occured, and with Islam as catalyst to assimilate all into a larger community as Muslims, a new hegemony was forged.into a larger community as Muslims, a new hegemony was forged. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • The approach ofThe approach of DA’WAHDA’WAH was of two-pronged : towards the influentialwas of two-pronged : towards the influential class (class (AL-MALA-AAL-MALA-A); and to the masses (); and to the masses (AL-JUMHURAL-JUMHUR).). These Muslims’ embodiment of wisdom; tolerance and patience;These Muslims’ embodiment of wisdom; tolerance and patience; exuding examplary way of life and nobility of their character;exuding examplary way of life and nobility of their character; spreading knowledge, Justice and Compassion; projecting the messagespreading knowledge, Justice and Compassion; projecting the message of Mercy for all the world; improving lives of people ; binding peopleof Mercy for all the world; improving lives of people ; binding people into a genuine brotherhood upon a common faith; forging a communityinto a genuine brotherhood upon a common faith; forging a community through what I termed “through what I termed “civilizational osmosiscivilizational osmosis”, etc. that was how the”, etc. that was how the spread of Islam was done. Much could still be learnt by the presentspread of Islam was done. Much could still be learnt by the present Muslims from their history and their approach.Muslims from their history and their approach. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • The approach ofThe approach of DA’WAHDA’WAH was of two-pronged : towards the influentialwas of two-pronged : towards the influential class (class (AL-MALA-AAL-MALA-A); and to the masses (); and to the masses (AL-JUMHURAL-JUMHUR).). These Muslims’ embodiment of wisdom; tolerance and patience;These Muslims’ embodiment of wisdom; tolerance and patience; exuding examplary way of life and nobility of their character;exuding examplary way of life and nobility of their character; spreading knowledge, Justice and Compassion; projecting the messagespreading knowledge, Justice and Compassion; projecting the message of Mercy for all the world; improving lives of people ; binding peopleof Mercy for all the world; improving lives of people ; binding people into a genuine brotherhood upon a common faith; forging a communityinto a genuine brotherhood upon a common faith; forging a community through what I termed “through what I termed “civilizational osmosiscivilizational osmosis”, etc. that was how the”, etc. that was how the spread of Islam was done. Much could still be learnt by the presentspread of Islam was done. Much could still be learnt by the present Muslims from their history and their approach.Muslims from their history and their approach. “CIVILIZATIONAL OSMOSIS” Hope to elaborate on this later In other separate discourse All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) ACHEHACHEH
    • MARCO POLO (MARCO POLO (1254-1327CE) – (651 – 727H) Recorded in his travel that there were 6 Islamic kingdoms in existence in PULAU ANDALAS (old name of island of Sumatra): [1] PERLAK; [2] SAMUDRA; [3] LAMURI; [4] PASAI ; [5] FANSUR; and [6] BARUS ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • IBN BATTUTTAIBN BATTUTTA (1304-1377CE) – (703- 778H)(1304-1377CE) – (703- 778H) Recorded in his travel that:Recorded in his travel that:  PASAIPASAI was ruled bywas ruled by Sultan al-Malikus-SolihSultan al-Malikus-Solih (died 1297CE/596H )(died 1297CE/596H )  He was succeeded by his sonHe was succeeded by his son Sultan al-Malikuz-ZahirSultan al-Malikuz-Zahir..  TThe people converted and all followed inhe people converted and all followed in FIQHFIQH the Madzhab ofthe Madzhab of Imam Muhammad Idris ash-Shafi’-ieImam Muhammad Idris ash-Shafi’-ie ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • The “SEJARAH MELAYU” (The Malay Annals)The “SEJARAH MELAYU” (The Malay Annals) Recorded that:Recorded that:  Islam was brought toIslam was brought to PASAIPASAI by aby a MUBALLIGHMUBALLIGH known as Faqirknown as Faqir Muhammad from Gujerat (South India).Muhammad from Gujerat (South India).  The first king to embrace IslamThe first king to embrace Islam MERAH SILUMERAH SILU who then took the Muslimwho then took the Muslim name-titlename-title SULTAN MALIKUS-SOLIHSULTAN MALIKUS-SOLIH.. ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • The book “IZHAR AL-HAQQ” and “TADZKIRAH TABAQATThe book “IZHAR AL-HAQQ” and “TADZKIRAH TABAQAT JAM-’U- SULTAN AS-SALATIN”JAM-’U- SULTAN AS-SALATIN” (789CE / 172H) Recorded that:  Islam came to the NUSANTARA at PERLAK in the year 173H/789CE, via a ship headed by a NAKHODA KHALIFAH.  Muslim scholars and missionary peacefully propagated Islam there and managed to Islamise the country to the point that it proclaimed itself as Islamic kingdom in 225H / 893CE. ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • The book “IZHAR AL-HAQQ” and “TADZKIRAH TABAQATThe book “IZHAR AL-HAQQ” and “TADZKIRAH TABAQAT JAM-’U- SULTAN AS-SALATIN”JAM-’U- SULTAN AS-SALATIN” (789CE / 172H) Recorded that:  It was then led by a MAULANA SAYYID ABDUL AZIZ SHAH. He was the son of SAYYID ‘ALI IBN MUHAMMAD IBN JA’FAR AS-SODIQ (a Qurayshi Ahlil-Bayt from the HIJAZ) who married, the princess MAKHDUM TANSHURI, sister of the king of Perlak (MEURAH PERLAK) MAKHDUM SHAHIR NUWI ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) PATTANIPATTANI
    • The strategic region aroundThe strategic region around PATTANIPATTANI, as a safe-transit for traders grew in, as a safe-transit for traders grew in importance and Muslim scholars and preachers were actively engaged toimportance and Muslim scholars and preachers were actively engaged to spread Islam there. It belonged to one of the oldest Malay kingdom ofspread Islam there. It belonged to one of the oldest Malay kingdom of LANGKASUKALANGKASUKA (Hindu), later was ruled over by the(Hindu), later was ruled over by the SAILENDRASAILENDRA (Buddhist).(Buddhist). The connection withThe connection with YEMENYEMEN viavia INDIAINDIA must be noted, as many scholars ofmust be noted, as many scholars of the Prophet’s s.a.w. lineage (the Prophet’s s.a.w. lineage (SAADAH BA-’ALAWISAADAH BA-’ALAWI) , had already begun) , had already begun makingmaking DA’WAHDA’WAH, especially the descendants of, especially the descendants of SAYYID JAMALUDDEEN AL-SAYYID JAMALUDDEEN AL- HUSSEINIYHUSSEINIY , who settled here, intermarried with the indigenous, educated, who settled here, intermarried with the indigenous, educated and groomed futureand groomed future DU’ATDU’AT, as, as MUJAHID DA’WAHMUJAHID DA’WAH especially to lead theespecially to lead the community; if not as Islamic scholars (community; if not as Islamic scholars (‘ULAMA’‘ULAMA’), then through businesses), then through businesses by being philantrophist (by being philantrophist (AGH-NIYA’AGH-NIYA’).). IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • Their methodology ofTheir methodology of DA’WAHDA’WAH was in keeping with thewas in keeping with the SUNNAHSUNNAH of theirof their pious predecessors (pious predecessors (SALAFUS-SOLEHSALAFUS-SOLEH); through spreading Justice, Mercy,); through spreading Justice, Mercy, Compassion and teaching good moral by personal examples (Compassion and teaching good moral by personal examples (AKHKLAQUL-AKHKLAQUL- KAREEMAHKAREEMAH) , not just in themselves but with their family amongst the) , not just in themselves but with their family amongst the natives; addressing needs of people and uplifting their lives; buildingnatives; addressing needs of people and uplifting their lives; building schools and orphanages; caring for the poor and the sick; etc.schools and orphanages; caring for the poor and the sick; etc. Their success was because they had striven sincerely and with utmostTheir success was because they had striven sincerely and with utmost dedication with all that they could offer to establish the best of communitydedication with all that they could offer to establish the best of community ((KHAYRA UMMAHKHAYRA UMMAH), exuding faith, deeds with excellence (), exuding faith, deeds with excellence (AD-DEEN AL-AD-DEEN AL- ISLAMISLAM), so that “), so that “the right way becomes clear from that which is in errorthe right way becomes clear from that which is in error” .” . IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • In (circa) 1150CE, the DA’WAH movement ofIn (circa) 1150CE, the DA’WAH movement of SHEIKH ‘ABDULLAH AL-SHEIKH ‘ABDULLAH AL- YAMANIYAMANI extensively spread viaextensively spread via INDIA, ACHEHINDIA, ACHEH to bring Islam to theto bring Islam to the peninsula.peninsula. It was from hereIt was from here KEDAHKEDAH andand PATTANIPATTANI that Islam then spread to the souththat Islam then spread to the south and east coast of the Malay peninsula viz.and east coast of the Malay peninsula viz. KELANTANKELANTAN,, TRENGGANUTRENGGANU,, PAHANGPAHANG since 1150CE.since 1150CE. Interestingly, in PATANI itself, Islam was accepted by most of its generalInterestingly, in PATANI itself, Islam was accepted by most of its general citizens, while its kingcitizens, while its king PayatunakapaPayatunakapa remained a Mahayana-Buddhist untilremained a Mahayana-Buddhist until much later. When the king embraced Islam, asmuch later. When the king embraced Islam, as Sultan Ismail ShahSultan Ismail Shah andand PATTANIPATTANI was then declared as an Islamic Sultanate – “was then declared as an Islamic Sultanate – “Pattani DarrussalamPattani Darrussalam”” (circa 1450CE).(circa 1450CE). IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • The earliest leading Islamic scholar wasThe earliest leading Islamic scholar was SHEIKH SHAFI’UDDIN AL-SHEIKH SHAFI’UDDIN AL- ABBASABBAS, the ancestor to many Islamic scholars - , especially the most, the ancestor to many Islamic scholars - , especially the most important propagator, scholar and Mujahid, whose work to Islamiseimportant propagator, scholar and Mujahid, whose work to Islamise this region was immense -this region was immense - SHEIKH DAWUD BIN ‘ABDULLAH AL- FATANISHEIKH DAWUD BIN ‘ABDULLAH AL- FATANI.. Since then onSince then on PATTANIPATTANI produced world renowned Islamic scholars, notproduced world renowned Islamic scholars, not only throughout the archipelago (only throughout the archipelago (JOHORJOHOR,, RIAURIAU,the,the NATUNASNATUNAS, north, north BORNEOBORNEO, etc.,but produced leading, etc.,but produced leading IMAMIMAM and scholars of the Muslimsand scholars of the Muslims ofof SHAFI-’IE MADZHABSHAFI-’IE MADZHAB in the centre of Islam,in the centre of Islam, MAKKAHMAKKAH. It then. It then became a centre for the training ofbecame a centre for the training of JAWIJAWI (those from Nusantara)(those from Nusantara) students of Islam. The pilgrimage (students of Islam. The pilgrimage (HAJJHAJJ) facilitated much success in this.) facilitated much success in this. IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • The literary contributions of the earlyThe literary contributions of the early ‘ULAMA‘ULAMA from thefrom the NUSANTARANUSANTARA-- with their adoption ofwith their adoption of JAWIJAWI (Arabiced) script and the use of the Riau(Arabiced) script and the use of the Riau Malay in official correspondences, in the knowledge culture beingMalay in official correspondences, in the knowledge culture being spread where in infused into this evolving Malay language, many Arabicspread where in infused into this evolving Malay language, many Arabic words and terminologies, etc. Thus enriching it.words and terminologies, etc. Thus enriching it. The effect of this language, and heightened withThe effect of this language, and heightened with DA’WAHDA’WAH was sowas so tremendously successful, that it forged a hegemony of sort amongsttremendously successful, that it forged a hegemony of sort amongst the many sub-groupings of the indigenous people, who were now inthe many sub-groupings of the indigenous people, who were now in favour of identifying themselves more as “favour of identifying themselves more as “MalaysMalays”, because foremost”, because foremost they were all Muslims – breaking the previous barrier to their unity.they were all Muslims – breaking the previous barrier to their unity. IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA CHAMPACHAMPA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • Being an important transit along the sea-route to China for Muslim Arab,Being an important transit along the sea-route to China for Muslim Arab, Persian and Indian traders, inevitably Islam was spread in Champa (oldPersian and Indian traders, inevitably Islam was spread in Champa (old name for Cambodia-Laos-Vietnam).name for Cambodia-Laos-Vietnam). MAULANA IBRAHIM AS-SAMARQANDIMAULANA IBRAHIM AS-SAMARQANDI, who came via Gujerat for, who came via Gujerat for DA’WAHDA’WAH, was so successful in spreading Islam that the king took him as, was so successful in spreading Islam that the king took him as son-in-law. His sons from this marriage were later nurtured to becomeson-in-law. His sons from this marriage were later nurtured to become DU’ATDU’AT who helped spread Islam to Java, Borneo and the islands in thewho helped spread Islam to Java, Borneo and the islands in the Malay Archiplago.Malay Archiplago. It must be noted that this region was then part of an ancientIt must be noted that this region was then part of an ancient SRIVIJAYASRIVIJAYA andand MAJAPAHITMAJAPAHIT wide dominion.wide dominion. IN CHAMPA (INDO-CHINA) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • And there was a relationship between CHAMPA and the thenAnd there was a relationship between CHAMPA and the then MAJAPAHITMAJAPAHIT kingdom through marriage with a princess (who was thekingdom through marriage with a princess (who was the sister of the wife ofsister of the wife of MAULANA IBRAHIM AS-SAMARQANDIMAULANA IBRAHIM AS-SAMARQANDI ). This presented). This presented a significant opportunity for futurea significant opportunity for future DA’WAHDA’WAH ,, not only in JAVA but other regionnot only in JAVA but other region under theunder the MAJAPAHITMAJAPAHIT dominion.dominion. Despite the changing power affecting its political-landscape which fragmentedDespite the changing power affecting its political-landscape which fragmented this region into Vietnam, Laos and Kampuchea, even today, the Muslims in thethis region into Vietnam, Laos and Kampuchea, even today, the Muslims in the INDO-CHINAINDO-CHINA are still known as theare still known as the CHAMSCHAMS . Not only do they understand and. Not only do they understand and spoke Malay, but usesspoke Malay, but uses JAWIJAWI text in learning and transmitting lessons on Islamtext in learning and transmitting lessons on Islam even to this day, and would easily identify themselves as amongst the Malayseven to this day, and would easily identify themselves as amongst the Malays of theof the NUSANTARANUSANTARA.. IN CHAMPA (INDO-CHINA) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA SULUSULU MINADANAOMINADANAO All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA SULUSULU MINADANAOMINADANAO All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • According to the “According to the “TARSILATARSILA” (historical records of the Muslims in” (historical records of the Muslims in Southern Philippines), Islam was brought here by one respectfullySouthern Philippines), Islam was brought here by one respectfully called “called “KARIM-UL-MAKHDUMKARIM-UL-MAKHDUM “.“. He wasHe was SAYYID ZAINAL ALAM BARAKAT IBN SAYYID JAMALUDDEEN AL-SAYYID ZAINAL ALAM BARAKAT IBN SAYYID JAMALUDDEEN AL- HUSSEINIYHUSSEINIY, who also was called, who also was called TUAN SHARIF AWLIYYATUAN SHARIF AWLIYYA (cica 1469CE).(cica 1469CE). He was the father of another famousHe was the father of another famous DA-’IEDA-’IE who was sent to spreadwho was sent to spread Islam in Java,Islam in Java, MAULANA MALIK IBRAHEEMMAULANA MALIK IBRAHEEM (Sunan Gerisek).(Sunan Gerisek). Another personality wasAnother personality was AMINULLAH AL-MAKHDUMAMINULLAH AL-MAKHDUM (Sayyid al-Niqab);(Sayyid al-Niqab); who was recorded to have come with some Chinese Muslims to spreadwho was recorded to have come with some Chinese Muslims to spread Islam here.Islam here. IN THE SULU AND MINDANAO All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • Later came the entourage ofLater came the entourage of RAJAH BAGUINDARAJAH BAGUINDA from Sumatra, but thefrom Sumatra, but the spread of Islam into the hinterland in thespread of Islam into the hinterland in the SULUSULU was very much throughwas very much through SAYYID ABU BAKARSAYYID ABU BAKAR who was made Sultan inwho was made Sultan in SULUSULU known asknown as SHARIFSHARIF HASHIMHASHIM, followed from, followed from JOHORJOHOR after him aafter him a MOHADUMMOHADUM and anotherand another scholarscholar ‘ALAWI BALPAKI‘ALAWI BALPAKI ((BalfaqqihBalfaqqih).). In theIn the MINDANAOMINDANAO, the notable personality was, the notable personality was SHARIF MUHAMMADSHARIF MUHAMMAD KEBUNGSUWAN ,KEBUNGSUWAN , who was accredited with reinvigorating the spread ofwho was accredited with reinvigorating the spread of Islam here in 1515CE.Islam here in 1515CE. The process of peaceful Islamization changes with the coming of theThe process of peaceful Islamization changes with the coming of the Spaniards (as also the Portugese,Dutch and British in other parts ofSpaniards (as also the Portugese,Dutch and British in other parts of NUSANTARANUSANTARA).). IN THE SULU AND MINDANAO All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • This was because, they came as part of the imperialistic zeal toThis was because, they came as part of the imperialistic zeal to evangelise the rest of ‘heathen’ world through conquest.evangelise the rest of ‘heathen’ world through conquest. Their meeting the Muslims here evoked their Crusading enmity againstTheir meeting the Muslims here evoked their Crusading enmity against the Moors (Muslims of North Africa) such that the Mindanao/Suluthe Moors (Muslims of North Africa) such that the Mindanao/Sulu Muslims were called by them asMuslims were called by them as MOROSMOROS.. Their usage of militaristic, imperialistic approach and force conversionTheir usage of militaristic, imperialistic approach and force conversion upon whom the Spanish conquered (also happened in the Carribeanupon whom the Spanish conquered (also happened in the Carribean and Latin America) had to be responded withand Latin America) had to be responded with JIHADJIHAD by the Muslims inby the Muslims in this region. Thus this arm struggle by the Muslims should not bethis region. Thus this arm struggle by the Muslims should not be misinterpreted (which the West had tried to potray), as though Islammisinterpreted (which the West had tried to potray), as though Islam was spread by the sword.was spread by the sword. IN THE SULU AND MINDANAO All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
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    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA MELAKAMELAKA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA MELAKAMELAKA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • KEDAHKEDAH was one of the earliest states to accept Islam through efforts ofwas one of the earliest states to accept Islam through efforts of muballighmuballigh fromfrom YEMENYEMEN viavia GUJERATGUJERAT,, ACHEHACHEH andand PATTANIPATTANI.. From there soon it spread toFrom there soon it spread to KELANTANKELANTAN andand TRENGGANUTRENGGANU.. The fall ofThe fall of SRIVIJAYASRIVIJAYA led to a prince fleeingled to a prince fleeing PALEMBANGPALEMBANG who thenwho then founded the kingdom offounded the kingdom of SINGAPURASINGAPURA on what was previously called theon what was previously called the island ofisland of TEMASIKTEMASIK.. This Malay kingdom had several rulers, as remnant of theThis Malay kingdom had several rulers, as remnant of the SRIVIJAYASRIVIJAYA empire, until its last king had to flee due to the invasion ofempire, until its last king had to flee due to the invasion of PATIHPATIH GADJAH MADAHGADJAH MADAH of theof the MAJAPAHITMAJAPAHIT.. He was theHe was the PARAMESWARAPARAMESWARA whowho then established the new empire ofthen established the new empire of MELAKAMELAKA on the Malay Peninsula.on the Malay Peninsula. THE PENINSULA AND RISE OF MELAKA SULTANATE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • In 1409CE, whenIn 1409CE, when Admiral Muhammad Zheng HeAdmiral Muhammad Zheng He (ChengHo) visited(ChengHo) visited MELAKAMELAKA, there were already Muslims from Arabia, Persia and India., there were already Muslims from Arabia, Persia and India. When the kingWhen the king PARAMESWARAPARAMESWARA embraced Islam as Sultan Muhammadembraced Islam as Sultan Muhammad Shah, he forged alliance withShah, he forged alliance with PASAIPASAI and other Muslim kingdoms andand other Muslim kingdoms and gradually grew in importance not just for trade, but also as centre ofgradually grew in importance not just for trade, but also as centre of Islamic learnings too.Islamic learnings too. THE PENINSULA AND RISE OF MELAKA SULTANATE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • Notwithstanding that theNotwithstanding that the DA’WAHDA’WAH initiatives which had ealier begun ininitiatives which had ealier begun in ACHEHACHEH (since 173H), then to(since 173H), then to PATTANIPATTANI and continued to spread in theand continued to spread in the peninsula, the importance of Islamic scholars as advisers to the kingspeninsula, the importance of Islamic scholars as advisers to the kings ensure royal patronage to Islamic propagation and proliferation ofensure royal patronage to Islamic propagation and proliferation of centres for Islamic learning in the archipelago.centres for Islamic learning in the archipelago. As it grew in importance,As it grew in importance, MELAKAMELAKA soon became one of these centressoon became one of these centres which were sometimes referred to as one of thewhich were sometimes referred to as one of the SERAMBI MAKKAHSERAMBI MAKKAH (“the verandah of Mecca(“the verandah of Mecca”).”). THE PENINSULA AND RISE OF MELAKA SULTANATE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • BRIEF HISTORY OF THEBRIEF HISTORY OF THE LEGENDARY ‘NINE SAINTS’ OF JAVALEGENDARY ‘NINE SAINTS’ OF JAVA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA DEMAK AND CIREBONDEMAK AND CIREBON ( AFTER MAJAPAHIT JAVA)( AFTER MAJAPAHIT JAVA) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA A early 18th century map of Java. Note that only major trading ports on the northern coast were known to the European. From west to east: * Banten* Jayakarta* Cirebon * Tegal * Demak * Jepara * Tuban* Sedayu, now near Gresik * Surabaya DEMAK AND CIREBONDEMAK AND CIREBON ( AFTER MAJAPAHIT JAVA)( AFTER MAJAPAHIT JAVA) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • AlthoughAlthough MAULANA MALIK IBRAHIMMAULANA MALIK IBRAHIM (Sunan Gerisik) began his mission in(Sunan Gerisik) began his mission in Java during the Majapahit period, this was restricted to the coast atJava during the Majapahit period, this was restricted to the coast at GERISEKGERISEK . It was after. It was after RADEN RAHMATRADEN RAHMAT (his cousin(his cousin)) came from CHAMPAcame from CHAMPA that heightened the spread of Islam there.that heightened the spread of Islam there. RADEN RAHMATRADEN RAHMAT oror AHMAD RAHMATULLAHAHMAD RAHMATULLAH (Sunan Ampel), father was(Sunan Ampel), father was SAYYIDSAYYID IBRAHIM ZEIN AL-AKBAR BIN JAMALUDDIN HUSSEINIBRAHIM ZEIN AL-AKBAR BIN JAMALUDDIN HUSSEIN . And his mother with the. And his mother with the queen of Majapahit king were both sisters-princess from CHAMPA.queen of Majapahit king were both sisters-princess from CHAMPA. This guaranteed for him, royal patronage. It was then that a kind of coucil ofThis guaranteed for him, royal patronage. It was then that a kind of coucil of ‘ULAMA‘ULAMA – a– a shurashura of Islamic scholars was forged – geared towardsof Islamic scholars was forged – geared towards DA’WAHDA’WAH andand Islamic education, from which their prominent leaders became well-known as theIslamic education, from which their prominent leaders became well-known as the WALI SONGOWALI SONGO (“The nine saints”).(“The nine saints”). THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN JAVA AND OTHER ISLANDS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • WALI SONGOWALI SONGO – (circa 1492H) Some of the famous personalities were:– (circa 1492H) Some of the famous personalities were:  ((Sunan GerisikSunan Gerisik) Maulana Malik Ibrahim bin Zein al-Alam Barakat bin Jamaluddin al-Akbar.) Maulana Malik Ibrahim bin Zein al-Alam Barakat bin Jamaluddin al-Akbar.  ((Sunan AmpelSunan Ampel) Raden Ahmad Rahmatullah bin Ibrahim Zein bin Zein al-Alam Barakat.) Raden Ahmad Rahmatullah bin Ibrahim Zein bin Zein al-Alam Barakat.  ((Sunah GiriSunah Giri) Muhammad Ainul Yaqin bin Maulana Ishak bin Ibrahim Zein) Muhammad Ainul Yaqin bin Maulana Ishak bin Ibrahim Zein  ((Sunan BonangSunan Bonang) Ibrahim bin Ahmad Rahmatullah) Ibrahim bin Ahmad Rahmatullah  ((Sunan DrajatSunan Drajat) Hashim bin Ahmad Rahmatullah) Hashim bin Ahmad Rahmatullah  ((Sunan KudusSunan Kudus) Ja’far Sodiq bin Ahmad Rahmatullah) Ja’far Sodiq bin Ahmad Rahmatullah  [[Sunan KalijagaSunan Kalijaga) Raden Shahid son of Temenggung Walitikto of) Raden Shahid son of Temenggung Walitikto of TUBANTUBAN, son-in-law of, son-in-law of Raden Ahmad Rahmatullah.Raden Ahmad Rahmatullah.  ((Sunan MuriaSunan Muria) Raden ‘Umar Sa’id son of Raden Shahid Sunan Kalijaga.) Raden ‘Umar Sa’id son of Raden Shahid Sunan Kalijaga.  ((Sunan Gunung JatiSunan Gunung Jati) Sharif Hidayatullah bin Abdullah bin ‘Ali Nurul Alam bin Jamaluddin) Sharif Hidayatullah bin Abdullah bin ‘Ali Nurul Alam bin Jamaluddin al-Akbar.al-Akbar. THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN JAVA AND OTHER ISLANDS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • AHMAD AL-MUHAJIR Ibrahim Zeinuddin al-Akbar (Ibrahim Asmoro – ‘As-Samarqandi’) Ahmad Rahmatullah SUNAN AMPEL Maulana Ishaq‘Ali Murtadho (RAJA PANDITHA AGUNG) Maulana ‘Ainul Yaqeen (Raden Paku) SUNAN GIRI (PANDITHA RATU) Ibrahim SUNAN BONANG Hashim SUNAN DRAJAT Ja’far Sodiq SUNAN QUDUS Jamaluddin Hussain al-Akbar ’Ali Nurul ‘Alam ’Abdullah Sharif Hidayatullah SUNAN GUNUNG JATI Zein al-’Alam Barakat ( SHARIF AWLIYA’ ) Maulana Malik Ibrahim SUNAN GERISIK Raden Shahid SUNAN KALIJAGA Raden ‘Umar Sa’id SUNAN MURIA Son-in-law Ahmad Jalal Shah ‘Abdullah Khan Abdul Malik ‘Alwi Muhammad (Shohib Mirbat) ‘Ali (Khali’ Qasam)‘AlwiMuhammad‘Alwi‘Ubaydullah Grandfather to Adzamat Khan family of Hind (India) ““Behold! verily on the (Behold! verily on the (AWLIYA’AWLIYA’) friends of Allah) friends of Allah there is no fear, nor shall they grieve”there is no fear, nor shall they grieve” ((Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 62Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 62)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • AHMAD AL-MUHAJIR ‘Ubaydullah ‘Alwi Muhammad ‘Alwi ‘Ali (Khali’ Qasam) Muhammad (Shohib Mirbat) ‘Alwi Abdul Malik Descent lineage to Wali Songo THE LINEAGE OF THE BA-’ALAWI OF HADHRAMAWT ( AND THE ISLAMIZATION OF THE NUSANTARA ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • AHMAD AL-MUHAJIR‘ISA ‘Ubaydullah ‘Alwi Muhammad ‘Alwi ‘Ali (Khali’ Qasam) Muhammad (Shohib Mirbat) ‘Ali IMAM MUHAMMAD (al-Faqih al-Muqaddam) ‘Alwi Abdul Malik MUHAMMAD IMAM ‘ALI AL-URAIDHI IMAM JA’FAR SODIQ IMAM MUHAMMAD AL-BAQIR IMAM ‘ALI ZEIN AL-’ABIDIN IMAM ‘ALI BIN ABI TOLIB IMAM HUSSAYN FATIMAH AL-ZAHRA’ MUHAMMAD (RASULULLAH) S.A.A.W. Descent lineage to Wali Songo THE LINEAGE OF THE BA-’ALAWI OF HADHRAMAWT ( AND THE ISLAMIZATION OF THE NUSANTARA ) FOUNDER OF TARIQAH ‘ALAWIYYAHFOUNDER OF TARIQAH ‘ALAWIYYAHFOUNDER OF TARIQAH ‘ALAWIYYAHFOUNDER OF TARIQAH ‘ALAWIYYAHSHEIKH ABU MADYAN His spiritual chain (silsilah – khirqa) linked All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) ““Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom (Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom (BIL-BIL-HHIKMAHIKMAH)) and beautiful preaching (and beautiful preaching (MAU-’IZAH-MAU-’IZAH-HHASANAHASANAH); and argue with); and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious (them in ways that are best and most gracious (JAADIL-HUM-BIL-JAADIL-HUM-BIL- LATI -HIYA ALATI -HIYA AHHSANSAN):“):“ ((Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) ““Let there be no compulsion in religion.Let there be no compulsion in religion. Truth (the right way) stands out clear from Error.”Truth (the right way) stands out clear from Error.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) ““Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that isLet there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong;good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong; they are the ones to attain felicity.“they are the ones to attain felicity.“ ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 104Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 104))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) ““Make easy, and do not impose difficulty,Make easy, and do not impose difficulty, and convey glad tidings, and do not cause themand convey glad tidings, and do not cause them to run away (from this Deen)”to run away (from this Deen)” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary ))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) ““Whosoever enjoins (people) towardsWhosoever enjoins (people) towards MA’RUFMA’RUF (good and right), let him do it(good and right), let him do it withwith MA’RUFMA’RUF (good and right method).”(good and right method).” ((Hadith of the Prophet s.a.a.w.Hadith of the Prophet s.a.a.w. ))
    • We the prophets are commanded to place peopleWe the prophets are commanded to place people according to their station and to speak unto themaccording to their station and to speak unto them in accordance with their intellectual capacity.in accordance with their intellectual capacity. ((Hadith reported by Abu Dawud from A’isyah r.aHadith reported by Abu Dawud from A’isyah r.a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) “People are like minerals, the best of them in Jahiliyah will still be the best amongst them in Islam, so long as they have proper (profound) understanding.” (Hadith reported by Bukhary, Muslim, Darimi and Ahmad)
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) “The preservation of earlier teachings of the righteous (predecessors) and the acceptance of whatever is new (current local practices but when deemed as) righteous. AN ACCEPTED PRINCIPLE ADOPTED IN DA’WAH IN THE NUSANTARAAN ACCEPTED PRINCIPLE ADOPTED IN DA’WAH IN THE NUSANTARA AL-MUAL-MUHHAA-FA-ZO -TU– ‘ALAL – QO-DEE-MUS –AA-FA-ZO -TU– ‘ALAL – QO-DEE-MUS – SWSWO - LIHO - LIH WAL – AWAL – AKHKH-DU – BIL – JA –DEE-DIL- A-DU – BIL – JA –DEE-DIL- ASWSW- LA- LAHH
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TRANSFORMATION OF SOCIETAL STRATATRANSFORMATION OF SOCIETAL STRATA MAJAPAHIT ERA DEMAK SULTANATE BRAHMIN ‘ULAMA Acarya; Brahmana; Rishi; Wiku;Acarya; Brahmana; Rishi; Wiku; Panditha; Ajar; KyayiPanditha; Ajar; Kyayi Susuhunan; Raja Panditha; Panditha;Susuhunan; Raja Panditha; Panditha; Panembahan; Kyayi Ageng; Kyayi Anom;Panembahan; Kyayi Ageng; Kyayi Anom; Kyayi; Ki AgengKyayi; Ki Ageng How they were addressed as:How they were addressed as: How they were addressed as:How they were addressed as: (reference : ”(reference : ”Atlas Wali SongoAtlas Wali Songo” by Dr. Agus Sunyoto)” by Dr. Agus Sunyoto)
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TRANSFORMATION OF SOCIETAL STRATATRANSFORMATION OF SOCIETAL STRATA MAJAPAHIT ERA DEMAK SULTANATE KSATRIA SATRIA Bhre; Arya; Rkryan; Rakean; Raden;Bhre; Arya; Rkryan; Rakean; Raden; Gusti; TuanGusti; Tuan Sultan; Sunan Adipati; Pangeran;Sultan; Sunan Adipati; Pangeran; Arya; Tumenggung; Raden; Mas;Arya; Tumenggung; Raden; Mas; Ki MasKi Mas How they were addressed as:How they were addressed as: How they were addressed as:How they were addressed as: (reference : ”(reference : ”Atlas Wali SongoAtlas Wali Songo” by Dr. Agus Sunyoto)” by Dr. Agus Sunyoto)
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TRANSFORMATION OF SOCIETAL STRATATRANSFORMATION OF SOCIETAL STRATA MAJAPAHIT ERA DEMAK SULTANATE WAISYA “MASHARAKAT ” Forging of a more egalitarian-Forging of a more egalitarian- consultative-inclusive type society ofconsultative-inclusive type society of the “the “Raa-’in wa Raa-’ii-yatinRaa-’in wa Raa-’ii-yatin” as” as taught in Islam withtaught in Islam with Adab-wa-’ilmAdab-wa-’ilm.. SUDRA Craftsman; artisan; businessman, etc. Farmers, workers, general employee of the upper class, etc. Others regarded low : Candala -Candala - those borne from (upper caste) mothers married to lower caste men.those borne from (upper caste) mothers married to lower caste men. Mleccha -Mleccha - all foreigners viz. Arab, Chinese, Indian, Chams; Siamese, etc.all foreigners viz. Arab, Chinese, Indian, Chams; Siamese, etc. Tuccha –Tuccha – (the scum of society) viz. thieves, criminals, etc.(the scum of society) viz. thieves, criminals, etc. (reference : ”(reference : ”Atlas Wali SongoAtlas Wali Songo” by Dr. Agus Sunyoto)” by Dr. Agus Sunyoto)
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) PRESEERVATION OF USAGE OF JAVANESE TERMINOLOGIES AND NAMES “Allahu Robul ‘aa-lameen” “Nabi Muhammad s.a.a.w.” “Hadhratus Shaykh” “Al-’Aleem” “Al-Ustaz” “Mureed” or “Saalik” “Ma’had” or “Halaqah” “Gusti Kang Murbeng Dumadi” “Kangjeng Nabi” “Susuhunan / Sunan” “Kyayi” “Guru” “Santri” “Pesantren” (reference : ”(reference : ”Atlas Wali SongoAtlas Wali Songo” by Dr. Agus Sunyoto)” by Dr. Agus Sunyoto)
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) PRESEERVATION OF USAGE OF JAVANESE TERMINOLOGIES AND NAMES “Swolah” “Saum” “Khitan” “Muswollah” “Jannah” “Naar-al-jahannam” “Huur” “Sembahyang” “Upuwasa” or “Puasa” “Selam” or “Sunnat” “Tajug” or “Langgar” “Swurga” “Neraka” “Bidadari” (reference : ”(reference : ”Atlas Wali SongoAtlas Wali Songo” by Dr. Agus Sunyoto)” by Dr. Agus Sunyoto)
    • When civil war broke out in the kingdom, the Majapahit king gave theWhen civil war broke out in the kingdom, the Majapahit king gave the MAJLIS WALIMAJLIS WALI (where consensus were obtained from the elders amongst(where consensus were obtained from the elders amongst the Scholars at Ampel) the authority to nominate the succession andthe Scholars at Ampel) the authority to nominate the succession and end the strive in the land.end the strive in the land. They choseThey chose RADEN FATAHRADEN FATAH (the son of the Majapahit king) and a student(the son of the Majapahit king) and a student of Sunan Ampel, thus establishing the first Islamic Sultanate atof Sunan Ampel, thus establishing the first Islamic Sultanate at DEMAKDEMAK,, also as a continuation to the Majapahit kingdom.also as a continuation to the Majapahit kingdom. It was from this period on, that Islam continued to be entrenched evenIt was from this period on, that Islam continued to be entrenched even to the outlying regions, with proliferation of Da’wah and the setting upto the outlying regions, with proliferation of Da’wah and the setting up of schools (pesantren), settlements, mosques, etc.of schools (pesantren), settlements, mosques, etc. THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN JAVA AND OTHER ISLANDS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • The Sultanate established on Java were:The Sultanate established on Java were: [1] Sultanate of[1] Sultanate of DEMAK BINTORODEMAK BINTORO [2] Sultanate of[2] Sultanate of PAJANGPAJANG [3] Sultanate of[3] Sultanate of MATARAMMATARAM [4] Sultanate of[4] Sultanate of CIREBON (BANTEN)CIREBON (BANTEN) The Muslims then had to face challenges from the Portugese, thenThe Muslims then had to face challenges from the Portugese, then Dutch colonialist, who came also to evangelise Indonesia. The phase ofDutch colonialist, who came also to evangelise Indonesia. The phase of peacefulpeaceful DA’WAHDA’WAH was intermittently interrupted withwas intermittently interrupted with JIHADJIHAD to gainto gain freedom from the Dutch. Many Islamic scholars were martyred orfreedom from the Dutch. Many Islamic scholars were martyred or exiled, yet even in their land of exile they continued to spreadexiled, yet even in their land of exile they continued to spread ISLAMISLAM.. THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN JAVA AND OTHER ISLANDS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • Notwithstanding, there were also otherNotwithstanding, there were also other MUBALLIGHMUBALLIGH (preachers) who(preachers) who helped in the spread of Islam, whether from Arabia, Central Asia, India,helped in the spread of Islam, whether from Arabia, Central Asia, India, China, the peninsula and other islands etc. Yet there was already a kindChina, the peninsula and other islands etc. Yet there was already a kind of ‘networking’ amongst all theseof ‘networking’ amongst all these DU’ATDU’AT andand ‘ULAMA‘ULAMA (Islamic(Islamic propagators and scholars), binding them towards a common cause andpropagators and scholars), binding them towards a common cause and aspiration of establishing Allah’s words as the highest (aspiration of establishing Allah’s words as the highest (LA-’ALLALA-’ALLA -KALIMATULLAAHI -HIYA- ‘UL-YA-KALIMATULLAAHI -HIYA- ‘UL-YA) in the whole region.) in the whole region. Another important factor to note is, the role of the scholars (Another important factor to note is, the role of the scholars (‘ULAMA‘ULAMA)) and supporters (and supporters (MUHIBBEENMUHIBBEEN) of the descendants of the Prophet’s) of the descendants of the Prophet’s Household (Household (Ahul-baytAhul-bayt) in continuously spreading Islam in the region.) in continuously spreading Islam in the region. THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN JAVA AND OTHER ISLANDS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
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    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““And I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in yourAnd I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in your affairs (of this religion), whosoever holdfast to them shallaffairs (of this religion), whosoever holdfast to them shall never be led astray – (these are) thenever be led astray – (these are) the Book of AllahBook of Allah andand thethe SunnahSunnah (Way or tradition) of His Messenger.”(Way or tradition) of His Messenger.” ((From Sermon reported by Ibnu Hisham in his “Seerah”From Sermon reported by Ibnu Hisham in his “Seerah”)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““Verily, I am leaving behind me for you all, whosoever clingsVerily, I am leaving behind me for you all, whosoever clings to them shall never be astray after this till the hereafter :-to them shall never be astray after this till the hereafter :- the Book of Allah (the Book of Allah (KITABULLAHKITABULLAH) - the rope stretched from) - the rope stretched from heaven to the earth; and my progeny (heaven to the earth; and my progeny ( ’ITRATI’ITRATI ) from my) from my Household (Household (AHLU-BAYTIAHLU-BAYTI) – These two will never be separated) – These two will never be separated from each other until they return upon the Pool (in Paradise).from each other until they return upon the Pool (in Paradise). See that you do not differ from (the guidance of) these twoSee that you do not differ from (the guidance of) these two after me.”after me.” ((Hadith reported by TirmidziHadith reported by Tirmidzi)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • AL-MADINAH MAKKAH BASRAH TARIM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/ IMAM JA’FAR SODIQ IMAM ‘ALI AL-URAIDHI IMAM MUHAMMAD IBN ‘ALI IMAM ‘ISA IBN MUHAMMAD IMAM AHMAD IBN ISA (AL-MUHAJIR) IMAM MUSA KAZIM
    • Maqam Imam Al-Muhajir Ahmad Bin IsaMaqam Imam Al-Muhajir Ahmad Bin Isa All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM Ahmadabad Surat GUJARAT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM THE GOVERNMENTS OF ADZAMAT KHAN AND AL-’EIDRUS AT SURAT INDIA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM Colombo Ahmadabad Surat All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM Colombo Ahmadabad Surat ACEH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM Colombo Ahmadabad Surat ACEH Kubu BRUNEI MINDANAO MADURA Pontianak Palu Palembang Siak All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM Colombo Ahmadabad Surat ACEH ISLAMISATION OF SIAK Abdullah Al-Qudsi Muhammad Al-’Idrus Husein Al-Qadri Umar Husein Assagaf All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM Colombo Ahmadabad Surat ACEHTHE GOVERNMENT OF “AL-SYAHAB” SIAK All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM Colombo Ahmadabad Surat ACEH ISLAMISATION OF JAVA Sunan Ampel (Wali Songo) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM Colombo Ahmadabad Surat ACEH ISLAMIC SULTANATES SULTANATE OF DEMAK BINTOROSULTANATE OF DEMAK BINTORO SULTANATE OF PADJANGSULTANATE OF PADJANG SULTANATE OF MATARAMSULTANATE OF MATARAM SUTANATE OF CIREBONSUTANATE OF CIREBON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM Colombo Ahmadabad Surat ACEH ISLAMISATION OF PALEMBANG Sunan Ampel (Wali Songo) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM Colombo Ahmadabad Surat ACEH ISLAMISATION OF SUMENEP (MADURA) Sunan Padusan All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM Colombo Ahmadabad Surat ACEH ISLAMISATION OF KUBU (BANDJARMASIN) ‘Eidrus b Abdul Rahman Al-’Eidrus All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM Colombo Ahmadabad Surat ACEH THE GOVERNMENT OF “AL-QADRI” PONTIANAK All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM Colombo Ahmadabad Surat ACEH ISLAMISATION OF LAIKANG, CELEBES Jalalludin Muhammad Al-Aidid All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • BASRAH TARIM Colombo Ahmadabad Surat ACEH THE GOVERNMENT OF “AL-BAFAQIH” PHILLIPINES All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • Syed Harun Al-Jamalulail 1797 Penghulu Arau (Thai occupation 1821– 42) SULTAN (PERLIS) Syed Hussein Al-Jamalulail (1805-73) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • MUFTI (1815 – 55) Sheikh Daud Al-Bahrayn JUDGES (QUDHA’) Syed Jaafar b Alawi Syed Muhammad b Alawi All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • SHEIKH AL-’ULAMA’ Syed Muhammad Al-’Eidrus @ Tokku Tuan Besar (1794 - 1878) Syed Abd Rahman Al-’Eidrus @ Tokku Paloh (1817) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • Syed Abd. Rahman Al-’Eidrus @ Tokku Paloh was involve in the struggle against the British alongside well known fighters such as Tok Janggut, Dato Bahaman etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • CHIEF MINISTER (MENTERI BESAR) (1806) Syed Omar Al-attas All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • MUFTI (JOHOR) Syed Alwi b Tahir Al-Haddad (1884 -1962) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • ISLAMIC SCHOOLS Madrasah Al-Saggaf Madrasah Al-Juneid Kulliyat-al-Attas (Johor) Madrasah Al-Ma’arif All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) EXRTRACTED FROM - http://banialawi.com/v1/
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    • Another important contributing factor, which impacted greatly theAnother important contributing factor, which impacted greatly the spread of Islam and its teachings, was the phenomena of thespread of Islam and its teachings, was the phenomena of the Pilgrimage and travellings of our scholars (Pilgrimage and travellings of our scholars (“HAJJ-WA-SIYAR”“HAJJ-WA-SIYAR” ).). Many who made pilgrimage for the Hajj would undertake a journeyMany who made pilgrimage for the Hajj would undertake a journey of continously seeking knowledge – stopping over at well-of continously seeking knowledge – stopping over at well- established centres of Islamic learning (some dubbed as theestablished centres of Islamic learning (some dubbed as the verandah of Makkah –verandah of Makkah –SERAMBI MAKKAHSERAMBI MAKKAH) - meeting, learning and) - meeting, learning and strengthening the network forstrengthening the network for DA’WAHDA’WAH.. THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN JAVA AND OTHER ISLANDS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • HOPE TO FURTHER ELUCIDATE THISHOPE TO FURTHER ELUCIDATE THIS IN SEPARATE SESSION –IN SEPARATE SESSION – INSH-ALLAH!INSH-ALLAH! Presentation by: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (Singapore) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ZABID (Yemen) TARIM (Yemen) SURAT (India) PASAI (Acheh) MELAKA (Malaya) PATTANI (Siam) DEMAK (Java) PALEMBANG (Sumatra) BANJARMASIN (Kalimantan) KELANTAN (Malaya) HARAMAINHARAMAIN ( Makkah & Madinah( Makkah & Madinah) DAMASCUS (Syria) BAGHDAD (Iraq) ADEN (Yemen) PENYENGAT (Riau) SEIYWUN (Yemen) BAYT AL-MAQDIS (Palestine) CAIRO (Egypt) ISTANBUL(Turkey) BUKIT TINGGI (Sumatra) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • SYEIKH ABDUS-SOMAD AL-FALIMBANI SYEIKH MUHAMMAD ARSYAD AL-BANJARI SYEIKH ABDUL WAHAB BUGIS SYEIKH ABDUL RAHMAD MASRI All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • SYEIKH ABDUS-SOMAD AL-FALIMBANI (1704-1828) SYEIKH ABDUS-SOMAD B. SYEIKH ABDUL JALIL AL-YAMANI (MUFTI KEDAH)SYEIKH ABDUS-SOMAD B. SYEIKH ABDUL JALIL AL-YAMANI (MUFTI KEDAH) B. SYEIKH ABDUL WAHAB B. SYEIKH AHMAD AL-MADANIB. SYEIKH ABDUL WAHAB B. SYEIKH AHMAD AL-MADANI PALEMBANGPALEMBANG (SUMATERA)(SUMATERA) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • SYEIKH ABDUS-SOMAD AL-FALIMBANI (1704-1828) Zuhrah al-Murid fi Bayan Kalimah al-Tauhid, Hidayah al-Salikin Fi Suluk Maslak al-Muttaqin Tuhfat al-Raghibin fi Bayan Haqiqat Iman alMukminin Al-'Urwah al-Wusqa wa Silsilah Ulil-Ittiqa' Ratib 'Abdal-Samad Zad al-Muttaqin fi Tauhid Rabb al-'Alamin Sayr al-Salikin la 'Ibadah Rabb ai-'Alamin Hidayah al-Salikin fi Suluk Maslak al-Muttaqin PALEMBANGPALEMBANG (SUMATERA)(SUMATERA) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • SYEIKH MUHAMMAD ARSYAD AL- BANJARI (1710-1812) BANDJARMASINBANDJARMASIN (KALIMANTAN)(KALIMANTAN) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) MUHAMMAD ARSYAD B. ‘ABDULLAH B. ABDUR RAHMAN AL-BANJARIMUHAMMAD ARSYAD B. ‘ABDULLAH B. ABDUR RAHMAN AL-BANJARI (GREAT GRANDSON OF HABIB ABU BAKR B. HABIB ‘ABDULLAH(GREAT GRANDSON OF HABIB ABU BAKR B. HABIB ‘ABDULLAH AL-’EYDRUS B. HABIB ABU BAKR’ AS-SAKRAN B. HABIB ‘ABDURAHMANAL-’EYDRUS B. HABIB ABU BAKR’ AS-SAKRAN B. HABIB ‘ABDURAHMAN AS-SAQOFF)AS-SAQOFF)
    • SYEIKH MUHAMMAD ARSYAD AL- BANJARI (1710-1812) Kitab UsulludeenKitab Usulludeen Luqthatul 'Ajlan fi Bayan Haid wa istihadhati wa nifas al-NiswanLuqthatul 'Ajlan fi Bayan Haid wa istihadhati wa nifas al-Niswan Kitab Tuhfat al-RaghibinKitab Tuhfat al-Raghibin Kitab al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi al-MuntazarKitab al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar Kitab Ilmu FalakKitab Ilmu Falak Kitab al-NikahKitab al-Nikah Kitab Kanzul Ma'rifahKitab Kanzul Ma'rifah Kitab Sabil Al-MuhtadinKitab Sabil Al-Muhtadin BANDJARMASINBANDJARMASIN (KALIMANTAN)(KALIMANTAN) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • SYEIKH DAUD AL-FATONI (1769-1847) AL-’ALIM ALLAMAH AL-’ARIF AR-ROBBANIAL-’ALIM ALLAMAH AL-’ARIF AR-ROBBANI :: SYEIKH WAN DAUD AL-FATANI – AL-JAWI- AL-SYEIKH WAN DAUD AL-FATANI – AL-JAWI- AL- MALAYUWI B. SYEIKH WAN ‘ABDULLAH B. SYEIKHMALAYUWI B. SYEIKH WAN ‘ABDULLAH B. SYEIKH WAN IDRIS (@WAN SENIK) - whose ancestry lead toWAN IDRIS (@WAN SENIK) - whose ancestry lead to IBRAHIM AL-YAMANI - AL-HADRAMI.IBRAHIM AL-YAMANI - AL-HADRAMI. ((MotherMother : WAN FATIMAH descended from WAN SALAMAH B. TOK: WAN FATIMAH descended from WAN SALAMAH B. TOK BANDA WAN SU B. TOK KAYA RAKNA DI-RAJA B. ANDI (FAQIH ) ‘ALIBANDA WAN SU B. TOK KAYA RAKNA DI-RAJA B. ANDI (FAQIH ) ‘ALI DATOK MAHARAJALELA B. MUSTAFA DATU JAMBU (SULTAN ABDULDATOK MAHARAJALELA B. MUSTAFA DATU JAMBU (SULTAN ABDUL HAMID SYAH) B. SULTAN MUZAFFAR WALIYULLAH B. SULTAN ABUHAMID SYAH) B. SULTAN MUZAFFAR WALIYULLAH B. SULTAN ABU ‘ABDULLAH UMDATUDDIN )‘ABDULLAH UMDATUDDIN ) PATTANIPATTANI (PENINSULA)(PENINSULA) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • SYEIKH DAUD AL-FATONI (1769-1847) Bughyat al-TullabBughyat al-Tullab Al-Saidu wa al-ZabaihAl-Saidu wa al-Zabaih Al-Bahjat al-SaniyatAl-Bahjat al-Saniyat Wasaya Al-Abrar Wa Mawaiz al-AkhyarWasaya Al-Abrar Wa Mawaiz al-Akhyar Manhalush ShafiManhalush Shafi Munyat al-MushalliMunyat al-Mushalli Bahjat al-MardiyatBahjat al-Mardiyat Hidayat al-Muta’allimHidayat al-Muta’allim Kitab al-Durr al- Thamin fi Aqa’id al-Mu’mininKitab al-Durr al- Thamin fi Aqa’id al-Mu’minin PATTANIPATTANI (PENINSULA)(PENINSULA) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) HOPE TO FURTHER ELUCIDATE THISHOPE TO FURTHER ELUCIDATE THIS IN SEPARATE SESSION –IN SEPARATE SESSION – INSH-ALLAH!INSH-ALLAH! Presentation by: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (Singapore)
    • ““Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom (Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom (BIL-BIL-HHIKMAHIKMAH) and) and beautiful preaching (beautiful preaching (MAU-’IZAH-MAU-’IZAH-HHASANAHASANAH); and argue with them in); and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious (ways that are best and most gracious (JAADIL-HUM-BIL-LATI -HIYAJAADIL-HUM-BIL-LATI -HIYA AAHHSANSAN): for thy Lord knows, best who have strayed from His Path,): for thy Lord knows, best who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance. “and who receive guidance. “ ((Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and aO mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may knowfemale, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise each other). Verily the mosteach other (not that ye may despise each other). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteoushonoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with allof you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things).things). ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 13Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 13)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • ““Nor can Goodness and Evil be equal. Repel (Evil) withNor can Goodness and Evil be equal. Repel (Evil) with what is better: then will he between whom and theewhat is better: then will he between whom and thee was hatred become as it were thy friend and intimate!was hatred become as it were thy friend and intimate! And no one will be granted such goodness except thoseAnd no one will be granted such goodness except those who exercise patience and self-restraint none butwho exercise patience and self-restraint none but persons of the greatest good fortune.”persons of the greatest good fortune.” ((Qur’an: Fussilat: 41: 34-35Qur’an: Fussilat: 41: 34-35)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) ““Thus have We made of you an Ummah justly balanced thatThus have We made of you an Ummah justly balanced that with your lives, ye might become witnesses over the nationswith your lives, ye might become witnesses over the nations and the Messenger a witness over yourselves;”and the Messenger a witness over yourselves;” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 143Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 143))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) ““We sent not a messenger except (to teach) in the languageWe sent not a messenger except (to teach) in the language ((LISAANLISAAN) of his (own) people, in order to make (things) clear to them.) of his (own) people, in order to make (things) clear to them. Now Allah leaves stray those whom He pleases and guides whom HeNow Allah leaves stray those whom He pleases and guides whom He pleases: and He is Exalted in power, Full of Wisdom.”pleases: and He is Exalted in power, Full of Wisdom.” ((Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 4Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 4))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) “And those who strive in Our (Cause) ― We will certainly guide them to Our Paths: for verily Allah is with those who do right.” (Qur’an: Ankabut: 61: 143)
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) ““And for those who fear Allah, He (ever) prepares a way out.And for those who fear Allah, He (ever) prepares a way out. And He provides for him from (sources) he never couldAnd He provides for him from (sources) he never could imagine. And if anyone puts his trust in Allah, sufficient isimagine. And if anyone puts his trust in Allah, sufficient is (Allah) for him. For Allah will surely accomplish His purpose:(Allah) for him. For Allah will surely accomplish His purpose: verily, for all things has Allah appointed a due proportion.”verily, for all things has Allah appointed a due proportion.” ((Qur’an: Talaq: 65 :2-3Qur’an: Talaq: 65 :2-3))
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    • ““Seest thou not how Allah sets forth a parable?― aSeest thou not how Allah sets forth a parable?― a goodly Word like a goodly tree, whose root is firmlygoodly Word like a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the heavens―fixed, and its branches (reach) to the heavens― It brings forth its fruit at all times, by the leave of itsIt brings forth its fruit at all times, by the leave of its Lord. So Allah sets forth parables for men, in order thatLord. So Allah sets forth parables for men, in order that they may receive admonition.”they may receive admonition.” ((Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 25Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 25)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) ““Thus have We made of you an Ummah justly balanced thatThus have We made of you an Ummah justly balanced that with your lives, ye might become witnesses over the nationswith your lives, ye might become witnesses over the nations and the Messenger a witness over yourselves;”and the Messenger a witness over yourselves;” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 143Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 143))
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) ““It is He (Allah) who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad) withIt is He (Allah) who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad) with Guidance and the Religion of Truth (al-Islam), to proclaim it overGuidance and the Religion of Truth (al-Islam), to proclaim it over all religion: and enough is Allah for a Witness.”all religion: and enough is Allah for a Witness.” ((Qur’an: Fath 48: 28Qur’an: Fath 48: 28))
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    • TO BE CONTINUEDTO BE CONTINUED -- All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) LESSON # 10 –LESSON # 10 – HISTORY OFHISTORY OF DA’AWAH ANDDA’AWAH AND ISLAMIC EDUCATIONISLAMIC EDUCATION IN SINGAPURAIN SINGAPURA (SINGAPORE)(SINGAPORE)
    • http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 163All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))