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[Slideshare] fiqh-course-lesson-#9 a -(feb-2013-batch)-history-of-islam-in-s-e-asia-(10-april-2013)
 

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    [Slideshare] fiqh-course-lesson-#9 a -(feb-2013-batch)-history-of-islam-in-s-e-asia-(10-april-2013) [Slideshare] fiqh-course-lesson-#9 a -(feb-2013-batch)-history-of-islam-in-s-e-asia-(10-april-2013) Presentation Transcript

    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 9a – (part 1) BRIEF HISTORY OF THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN S.E. ASIA And say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledge Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) UPDATED 10 APRIL 2013
    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 9 a – 18 weekly class started: 6 FEBRUARY 2013 BRIEF HISTORY OF THE Every Wednesday night @ 8pm – 10pm SPREAD OF ISLAM IN S.E. ASIA Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim REGISTER via http://goo.gl/UVuYf For further queries, contact E -mail: And say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledge ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) LESSON FOR – 10 APRIL 2013
    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “Or do you think that you will enter Paradise while such [trial] has not yet come to you as came to those who passed on before you? They were touched by poverty and hardship and were shaken until [even their] messenger and those who believed with him said, "When is the help of Allah?" Unquestionably, the help of Allah is near.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 214)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “It is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom― although they had been, before, in manifest error― .“ (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will: and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 4)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • “Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says "I am of those who bow in Islam" (Qur’an: Fussilat: 41: 33)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • “Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religion (LIYA-TAFAQQAHU -FID-DEEN) and admonish the people when they return to them― that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).” (Qur’an: Taubah: 9:122)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • “Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants, those who have knowledge (AL-’ULAMA): for Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving.“ (Qur’an: Fatir: 35: 28)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • “ Allah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted Knowledge (UU-TUL-’ILMA): and Allah is well-acquainted with all ye do.” (Qur’an: Mujadilah: 58: 11)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • “Those who listen to the Word, and follow the best (meaning) in it: those are the ones whom Allah has guided, and those are the ones endued with understanding.” (Qur’an: Az-Zumar:39:18)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • He (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the message but men of understanding.“ (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 269)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • “And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger - those will be with the ones upon whom Allah has bestowed favour of the prophets, the steadfast affirmers of truth, the martyrs and the righteous. And excellent are those as companions. That is the bounty from Allah, and sufficient is Allah as Knower.” (Qur’an: an-Nisa’: 4: 69-70)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • “Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion(Deen); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen); a learned scholar (of the Deen) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” (Reported by Bukhary and Muslim)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • “Whosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek knowledge (‘ILMA), Allah will make easy for him the path to Paradise.” (Reported by Abu Daud & Tirmidzi)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • “The best ones amongst you is the person who makes you remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.” (Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a.)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • “He is not from my Ummah (community), One who does not respect our elders, or One who is not merciful (kind) to our young, and One who do not know our ‘Ulama’ - Islamic scholars (and respect their rights ) .” (Hadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by Tabrany )All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 22
    • “A person is upon the religion (way of life) of the ones (friends) he is close to, therefore look to whom you (love to be) close to.” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 23
    • Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims: ”Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEEN (Religion), so look thoroughly into the person from whom you acquire (the knowledge of) your DEEN (Religion).”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 24
    • “Whosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increasein his detachment (ZUHD) for the world, would not have anyincrease with Allah except in his distancing himself further” (Hadith reported by Dailami from ‘Ali ibn Abi Tolib r.a .) 25
    • “He is not an ascetic (ZAHID) he who is detached (denounce) the dirham and dinar (i.e. money), but verily a true ascetic ( ZAHID) is one who detaches himself from all other except the Irresistable (Allah jallaajalaa-luh)” (Explanation of “ZUHD” by Ibn ‘Arabiy)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 26
    • A SCHOLARS’ ADVICE FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM” “He who does not exert abstinence (WARA’) while learning, God (Allah) the Almighty chastise [him] in one of three ways: [1] either deprives him of life in his youth, or [2] exiles him into [far-off] regions, or [3] punishes him [by forcing him to enter] the service of the Sultan.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 27
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • "Verily Allah does not remove knowledge from the (hearts of the) people, rather he takes away knowledge by taking away its people (the true scholars – ‘ULAMA), until there are no more scholars, the people then take leaders that are ignorant, and when they are asked, and give fatwas – religious rulings, (they give) without knowledge, so they misguide and are misguided.“ (Hadith reported by Ashaab as-Sunnan from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a .)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • “(Honour) My successors (Khulafa’), may Allah s.w.t. be Merciful towards them!.” He was asked: “Who are your successors (Khulafa’) O Messenger of Allah?” And he said: “They are those who revive my Sunnah (Way or traditions) and teaches them to the servants of Allah.” (Hadith of the Prophet s.a.w.)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • We the prophets are commanded to place people according to their station and to speak unto them in accordance with their intellectual capacity. (Hadith reported by Abu Dawud from A’isyah r.a.)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • WISE SAYING OF IMAM ‘ALI BIN ABI TOLIB R.A. “A learned FAQIH (scholar & teacher) is truly FAQIH, one who does not cause others to feel despair from receiving the mercy of Allah (i.e. overly strict and too ‘harsh’); and neither does he (give the impression by his behaviour, a guarantees as if ) anyone can avert or withhold the wrath (punishment) of Allah, nor allows opportunity (by giving dispensation) for anyone to disobey Allah (i.e. being inappropriately lax and too ‘nice’). (Hilyatul-Auliya: 1-73 – as quoted by M.Natsir in Fiqhud-Da’wah)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • “Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom (BIL-HIKMAH) and beautiful preaching (MAU-’IZAH-HASANAH); and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious (JAADIL-HUM-BIL-LATI -HIYA AHSAN): for thy Lord knows, best who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance. “ (Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • “O Prophet! Truly We have sent thee as a Witness (SHAAHIDAH), a Bearer of Glad Tidings (MUBAS-SHIRAH), and a Warner (NADZEERAH)― And as one who invites to Allahs (Grace) by His leave ( DAA-’IYAN ILALLAAH) , and as a Lamp spreading Light (SIRAAJAN MUNEERAH).” (Qur’an: Ahzab : 33: 45-46)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • “Da-’in” [sing.] (caller; one who invites) – title indicating a high station in the hierarchy of ranks amongst ‘ulama’ of Islam. Title accorded only to those with certain criteria; more as ambassador or emissary of Islam - to call others to al-Islam. This title or appellation of a “Du-’at” [pl.] - should not be carelessly used just because a Muslim is doing or helping in work of Da’wah. As Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. is the exemplary : “and as one who invites to Allahs (Grace) by His leave” , - the task of such a person is indeed wide-ranging .All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 37
    • AD-DA-‘I WAD-DA’WAH (THE CALLER AND THE CALL) MUBALLIGH MUDAR-RIS WA MU-‘AL-LIM MURAB-BI’ - MU-AD-DIB - MURSHID MUS-LIH AD-DEEN WAL-UMMAH MUJAD-DID MUJAHID - DA’WAH BIL-LISAAN BIL-QALAAM BIL-HAAL BIS-SAYF QUDWAH HASANAH MUNAZARAHAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 38
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • SPREAD OF ISLAM TO THE ORIENT – THE SILK ROUTE AND SPICE TRADE Trading between the Middle-east and the Orient (China) had pre-existed before the coming of Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. Historically, Islam had reached China and South-east Asia since the beginning of Hijriah (Prphet’s migration) period. Arabs and Persian had long been world renown mariners and voyagers, plying the ancient trade routes – both overland and sea – long before Islam came to Arabia.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • SPREAD OF ISLAM TO THE ORIENT – THE SILK ROUTE AND SPICE TRADE During the Caliphate of ‘Uthman ibn Affan r.a., the Muslim begun strengthening the naval armada especially in the Meditaranean sea, mainly for Da’wah. Whereas the sea-route to the East had already been dominated by Arabs, Persians and Indians. Their conversion to Islam facilitated its spread to the East for they became ‘ambassadors’ for Islam. Emissaries and delegation had already been sent to the Emperor of China, and this continued on, in the ‘Ummayyad and Abassid period – both overland via the “Silk Road” or the sea-route of the “Spice trade”.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARAAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • Voyages from the Middle-east to China had long begun predating the period of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. , even chronicled by the Arab and Persian travellers who were already familiar with the route to China. Apart from the overland SILK ROAD, the sea voyage between Arabia- Persia to China had begun since the Phoenicians period. According to Chiu T’ang Shu (record) Islam’s contact with China started as early as 31H / 651CE when an emissary from Ta Shih (Arabia) visited the T’ang Emperor. Since the time of Caliph ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan r.a, many more emmisaries were sent and many Muslims settlers were accepted into China.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • Muslim communities began to be established especially in the coastal region of China, as well as along the trade route – in the NUSANTARA. NUSANTARA being a stop over on the sea-route to China, one of the earliest Arab Muslim settlement known was at BARUS on northern tip of SAMUDRA (on Sumatra). Evidence indicated that Muslims were already present there; 34 years after the Hijrah of the Prophet s.a.w. Later with the fall of Baghdad to the Mongols, Muslim influx (diaspora) to this region was greatly enhanced. And conversion and intermarriages with the indigenous occured, and with Islam as catalyst to assimilate all into a larger community as Muslims, a new hegemony was forged.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • The approach of DA’WAH was of two-pronged : towards the influential class (AL-MALA-A); and to the masses (AL-JUMHUR). These Muslims’ embodiment of wisdom; tolerance and patience; exuding examplary way of life and nobility of their character; spreading knowledge, Justice and Compassion; projecting the message of Mercy for all the world; improving lives of people ; binding people into a genuine brotherhood upon a common faith; forging a community through what I termed “civilizational osmosis”, etc. that was how the spread of Islam was done. Much could still be learnt by the present Muslims from their history and their approach.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • The approach of DA’WAH was of two-pronged : towards the influential class (AL-MALA-A); and to the masses (AL-JUMHUR). These Muslims’ embodiment of wisdom; tolerance and patience; exuding examplary way of life and nobility of their character; “CIVILIZATIONAL OSMOSIS” Hope to elaborate on this later spreading knowledge, Justice and Compassion; projecting the message In other separate discourse of Mercy for all the world; improving lives of people ; binding people into a genuine brotherhood upon a common faith; forging a community through what I termed “civilizational osmosis”, etc. that was how the spread of Islam was done. Much could still be learnt by the present Muslims from their history and their approach.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • MARCO POLO (1254-1327CE) – (651 – 727H) ( Recorded in his travel that there were 6 Islamic kingdoms in existence in PULAU ANDALAS (old name of island of Sumatra): [1] PERLAK; [2] SAMUDRA; [3] LAMURI; [4] PASAI ; [5] FANSUR; and [6] BARUS ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEHAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • IBN BATTUTTA (1304-1377CE) – (703- 778H) Recorded in his travel that: PASAI was ruled by Sultan al-Malikus-Solih (died 1297CE/596H ) He was succeeded by his son Sultan al-Malikuz-Zahir. The people converted and all followed in FIQH the Madzhab of Imam Muhammad Idris ash-Shafi’-ie ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEHAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • The “SEJARAH MELAYU” (The Malay Annals)Recorded that: Islam was brought to PASAI by a MUBALLIGH known as Faqir Muhammad from Gujerat (South India). The first king to embrace Islam MERAH SILU who then took the Muslim name-title SULTAN MALIKUS-SOLIH. ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • The book “IZHAR AL-HAQQ” and “TADZKIRAH TABAQAT JAM-’U- SULTAN AS-SALATIN” (789CE / 172H) Recorded that: Islam came to the NUSANTARA at PERLAK in the year 173H/789CE, via a ship headed by a NAKHODA KHALIFAH. Muslim scholars and missionary peacefully propagated Islam there and managed to Islamise the country to the point that it proclaimed itself as Islamic kingdom in 225H / 893CE. ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • The book “IZHAR AL-HAQQ” and “TADZKIRAH TABAQAT JAM-’U- SULTAN AS-SALATIN” (789CE / 172H) Recorded that: It was then led by a MAULANA SAYYID ABDUL AZIZ SHAH. He was the son of SAYYID ‘ALI IBN MUHAMMAD IBN JA’FAR AS-SODIQ (a Qurayshi Ahlil-Bayt from the HIJAZ) who married, the princess MAKHDUM TANSHURI, sister of the king of Perlak (MEURAH PERLAK) MAKHDUM SHAHIR NUWI ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • The strategic region around PATTANI, as a safe-transit for traders grew in importance and Muslim scholars and preachers were actively engaged to spread Islam there. It belonged to one of the oldest Malay kingdom of LANGKASUKA (Hindu), later was ruled over by the SAILENDRA (Buddhist). The connection with YEMEN via INDIA must be noted, as many scholars of the Prophet’s s.a.w. lineage (SAADAH BA-’ALAWI) , had already begun making DA’WAH, especially the descendants of SAYYID JAMALUDDEEN AL- HUSSEINIY , who settled here, intermarried with the indigenous, educated and groomed future DU’AT, as MUJAHID DA’WAH especially to lead the community; if not as Islamic scholars (‘ULAMA’), then through businesses by being philantrophist (AGH-NIYA’). IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • Their methodology of DA’WAH was in keeping with the SUNNAH of their pious predecessors (SALAFUS-SOLEH); through spreading Justice, Mercy, Compassion and teaching good moral by personal examples ( AKHKLAQUL- KAREEMAH) , not just in themselves but with their family amongst the natives; addressing needs of people and uplifting their lives; building schools and orphanages; caring for the poor and the sick; etc. Their success was because they had striven sincerely and with utmost dedication with all that they could offer to establish the best of community (KHAYRA UMMAH), exuding faith, deeds with excellence (AD-DEEN AL- ISLAM), so that “the right way becomes clear from that which is in error ” . IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • In (circa) 1150CE, the DA’WAH movement of SHEIKH ‘ABDULLAH AL- YAMANI extensively spread via INDIA, ACHEH to bring Islam to the peninsula. It was from here KEDAH and PATTANI that Islam then spread to the south and east coast of the Malay peninsula viz. KELANTAN, TRENGGANU, PAHANG since 1150CE. Interestingly, in PATANI itself, Islam was accepted by most of its general citizens, while its king Payatunakapa remained a Mahayana-Buddhist until much later. When the king embraced Islam, as Sultan Ismail Shah and PATTANI was then declared as an Islamic Sultanate – “Pattani Darrussalam” (circa 1450CE). IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • The earliest leading Islamic scholar was SHEIKH SHAFI’UDDIN AL- ABBAS, the ancestor to many Islamic scholars - , especially the most important propagator, scholar and Mujahid, whose work to Islamise this region was immense - SHEIKH DAWUD BIN ‘ABDULLAH AL- FATANI. Since then on PATTANI produced world renowned Islamic scholars, not only throughout the archipelago (JOHOR, RIAU,the NATUNAS, north BORNEO, etc.,but produced leading IMAM and scholars of the Muslims of SHAFI-’IE MADZHAB in the centre of Islam, MAKKAH. It then became a centre for the training of JAWI (those from Nusantara) students of Islam. The pilgrimage (HAJJ) facilitated much success in this. IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • The literary contributions of the early ‘ULAMA from the NUSANTARA- with their adoption of JAWI (Arabiced) script and the use of the Riau Malay in official correspondences, in the knowledge culture being spread where in infused into this evolving Malay language, many Arabic words and terminologies, etc. Thus enriching it. The effect of this language, and heightened with DA’WAH was so tremendously successful, that it forged a hegemony of sort amongst the many sub-groupings of the indigenous people, who were now in favour of identifying themselves more as “ Malays”, because foremost they were all Muslims – breaking the previous barrier to their unity. IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA CHAMPAAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • Being an important transit along the sea-route to China for Muslim Arab, Persian and Indian traders, inevitably Islam was spread in Champa (old name for Cambodia-Laos-Vietnam). MAULANA IBRAHIM AS-SAMARQANDI, who came via Gujerat for DA’WAH, was so successful in spreading Islam that the king took him as son-in-law. His sons from this marriage were later nurtured to become DU’AT who helped spread Islam to Java, Borneo and the islands in the Malay Archiplago. It must be noted that this region was then part of an ancient SRIVIJAYA and MAJAPAHIT wide dominion. IN CHAMPA (INDO-CHINA)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • And there was a relationship between CHAMPA and the then MAJAPAHIT kingdom through marriage with a princess (who was the sister of the wife of MAULANA IBRAHIM AS-SAMARQANDI ). This presented a significant opportunity for future DA’WAH , not only in JAVA but other region under the MAJAPAHIT dominion. Despite the changing power affecting its political-landscape which fragmented this region into Vietnam, Laos and Kampuchea, even today, the Muslims in the INDO-CHINA are still known as the CHAMS . Not only do they understand and spoke Malay, but uses JAWI text in learning and transmitting lessons on Islam even to this day, and would easily identify themselves as amongst the Malays of the NUSANTARA. IN CHAMPA (INDO-CHINA)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA SULU MINADANAOAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA SULU MINADANAOAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • According to the “TARSILA” (historical records of the Muslims in Southern Philippines), Islam was brought here by one respectfully called “KARIM-UL-MAKHDUM “. He was SAYYID ZAINAL ALAM BARAKAT IBN SAYYID JAMALUDDEEN AL- HUSSEINIY, who also was called TUAN SHARIF AWLIYYA (cica 1469CE). He was the father of another famous DA-’IE who was sent to spread Islam in Java, MAULANA MALIK IBRAHEEM (Sunan Gerisek). Another personality was AMINULLAH AL-MAKHDUM (Sayyid al-Niqab); who was recorded to have come with some Chinese Muslims to spread Islam here. IN THE SULU AND MINDANAOAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • Later came the entourage of RAJAH BAGUINDA from Sumatra, but the spread of Islam into the hinterland in the SULU was very much through SAYYID ABU BAKAR who was made Sultan in SULU known as SHARIF HASHIM, followed from JOHOR after him a MOHADUM and another scholar ‘ALAWI BALPAKI (Balfaqqih). In the MINDANAO, the notable personality was SHARIF MUHAMMAD KEBUNGSUWAN , who was accredited with reinvigorating the spread of Islam here in 1515CE. The process of peaceful Islamization changes with the coming of the Spaniards (as also the Portugese,Dutch and British in other parts of NUSANTARA). IN THE SULU AND MINDANAOAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • This was because, they came as part of the imperialistic zeal to evangelise the rest of ‘heathen’ world through conquest. Their meeting the Muslims here evoked their Crusading enmity against the Moors (Muslims of North Africa) such that the Mindanao/Sulu Muslims were called by them as MOROS. Their usage of militaristic, imperialistic approach and force conversion upon whom the Spanish conquered (also happened in the Carribean and Latin America) had to be responded with JIHAD by the Muslims in this region. Thus this arm struggle by the Muslims should not be misinterpreted (which the West had tried to potray), as though Islam was spread by the sword. IN THE SULU AND MINDANAOAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA MELAKAAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA MELAKAAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • KEDAH was one of the earliest states to accept Islam through efforts of muballigh from YEMEN via GUJERAT, ACHEH and PATTANI. From there soon it spread to KELANTAN and TRENGGANU. The fall of SRIVIJAYA led to a prince fleeing PALEMBANG who then founded the kingdom of SINGAPURA on what was previously called the island of TEMASIK. This Malay kingdom had several rulers, as remnant of the SRIVIJAYA empire, until its last king had to flee due to the invasion of PATIH GADJAH MADAH of the MAJAPAHIT. He was the PARAMESWARA who then established the new empire of MELAKA on the Malay Peninsula. THE PENINSULA AND RISE OF MELAKA SULTANATEAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • In 1409CE, when Admiral Muhammad Zheng He (ChengHo) visited MELAKA, there were already Muslims from Arabia, Persia and India. When the king PARAMESWARA embraced Islam as Sultan Muhammad Shah, he forged alliance with PASAI and other Muslim kingdoms and gradually grew in importance not just for trade, but also as centre of Islamic learnings too. THE PENINSULA AND RISE OF MELAKA SULTANATEAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • Notwithstanding that the DA’WAH initiatives which had ealier begun in ACHEH (since 173H), then to PATTANI and continued to spread in the peninsula, the importance of Islamic scholars as advisers to the kings ensure royal patronage to Islamic propagation and proliferation of centres for Islamic learning in the archipelago. As it grew in importance, MELAKA soon became one of these centres which were sometimes referred to as one of the SERAMBI MAKKAH (“the verandah of Mecca”). THE PENINSULA AND RISE OF MELAKA SULTANATEAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LEGENDARY ‘NINE SAINTS’ OF JAVA TO BE CONTINUEDAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • HOPE TO FURTHER ELUCIDATE THIS IN SEPARATE SESSION – INSH-ALLAH! Presentation by: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (Singapore)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
    • All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 82