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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,              MOST COMPASSIONATE,              MOST MERCIFUL.              “INTRODUCTION TO THE      ...
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,              MOST COMPASSIONATE,              MOST MERCIFUL.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Isma...
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,              MOST COMPASSIONATE,              MOST MERCIFUL.                     “It is He (Allah) W...
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,              MOST COMPASSIONATE,              MOST MERCIFUL.             “As well as (to confer all ...
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,              MOST COMPASSIONATE,              MOST MERCIFUL.              “Such is the Bounty of All...
“Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works           righteousness, and says "I am of those who bow...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)                                                )
“Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent              from every expedition remained behind, they ...
Say: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do                 not know? It is those who are endued with understan...
“So ask the people of the ‘Remembrance’ (i.e. those                   who know) in matters which you do not know.“        ...
“Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His                       Servants, those who have knowledge (AL-’ULAMA):   ...
“ Allah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees),                those of you who believe and who have been grante...
He (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to          whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit          ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)                                                )
“Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will                make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religi...
“Whosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek                       knowledge (‘ILMA), Allah will make easy for him t...
“The best ones amongst you is the person who makes your              remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever h...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)                                                )
“Knowledge is not from the listening of much narrations                   (or merely reading books), verily knowledge is l...
* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:              “The most meritorious of knowledge is knowled...
* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:   • REFLECTION:         Our concern should be towards draw...
* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:              “Learn (seek knowledge)! For the learning is ...
* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:      • REFLECTION:                  Certainly, this is fro...
* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:           “Give yourself up to the study of jurisprudence ...
* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:        •       “It is the milestone leading to the ways of...
* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:                  “Indeed, one godly person versed in juris...
“The knowledge is what benefits,                                              not what is memorized”                      ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)                                                )
"Indeed the scholars are the inheritors of the Prophets, but if they fall      into covetousness and greed, who shall be t...
NING WAR                      “Whoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue with                         the learned (scho...
“We are (much) in need of a little Adab, from (that of)                  going out (seeking) after much of ‘ilm (knowledge...
“(‘ilm) Knowledge without Adab,                            is like (having) fire (but) without wood (fuel);               ...
 Purify his soul (nafs) from impure     traits and blameworthy                         Such as:-     characteristics.    ...
 Remove impediments (affairs of the world)         to devote with undivided attention to the         study.              ...
        Never scorn knowledge nor exalt         himself/herself over the teacher.        Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: ...
        Observe priority in learning and submit         to the advise of the teacher in the         matters of his learni...
 Must be patient and not be hasty in         learning as one may need to master         praiseworthy knowledge.       Pro...
 Do not attempt to address every branch of         knowledge but must observe order and begin with         the most impor...
 Learn to ascertain the noble nature of         this or other science.                       Such as to know value & prio...
 Purpose of learning is for the adornment of inner         self with virtues – seeking nearness to Allah         (“Taqarr...
Avoid polemics.              (Difference between Maslahat al-mursala and Bid’ah)         1. Niyyat : Essentials (rukn ’) i...
As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by                                  Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ...
“I intend to learn and teach (knowledge), to gain and to share             benefits, to receive and to give reminders, to ...
 Refer also to the traditional text :                                “Ta’lim Muta’allim Tariqit Ta’allum”          “INSTR...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)                                                )
“O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy (bitaanah*)               those outside your ranks; they will not fail to c...
“O ye who believe! (Be conscious of Allah and) Fear Allah                (TAQWA) and be with those who are true (in word a...
“He is not from my Ummah (community),                                     One who do not respect our elders, or           ...
“A person is upon the religion (way of life)                                       of the ones (friends) he is close to,  ...
Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims:                     ”Verily this is knowledge (contains th...
“Whosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increase             in his detachment (ZUHD) for the world, would not...
“He is not an ascetic (ZAHID) he who is detached (denounce) the              dirham and dinar (i.e. money), but verily a t...
A SCHOLARS’ ADVICE FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM”     “He who does not exert abstinence (WARA’) while learning, God (Allah)...
TO BE CONTINUED … INSHA-ALLAAH!All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)                                          ...
All welcome to visit my web-blog:          http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/          http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot....
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[Slideshare] fiqh-course (sept-2012-batch) -introdn #1a -(8-sept-2012)

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Transcript of "[Slideshare] fiqh-course (sept-2012-batch) -introdn #1a -(8-sept-2012)"

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsSEPTEMBER 2012 - INTAKE conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 1 a – INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH And say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledge Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) ) UPDATED – Sept-2012
  2. 2. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  3. 3. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “It is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom― although they had been, before, in manifest error― .“ (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  4. 4. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  5. 5. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will: and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 4)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  6. 6. “Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says "I am of those who bow in Islam" (Qur’an: Fussilat: 41: 33)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  7. 7. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  8. 8. “Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religion (LIYA-TAFAQQAHU -FID-DEEN) and admonish the people when they return to them― that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).” (Qur’an: Taubah: 9:122)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  9. 9. Say: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition.“ (Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 9)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  10. 10. “So ask the people of the ‘Remembrance’ (i.e. those who know) in matters which you do not know.“ (Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 7)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  11. 11. “Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants, those who have knowledge (AL-’ULAMA): for Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving.“ (Qur’an: Fatir: 35: 28)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  12. 12. “ Allah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted Knowledge (UU-TUL-’ILMA): and Allah is well-acquainted with all ye do.” (Qur’an: Mujadilah: 58: 11)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  13. 13. He (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the message but men of understanding.“ (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 269)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  15. 15. “Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion(Deen); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen); a learned scholar (of the Deen) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” (Reported by Bukhary and Muslim)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  16. 16. “Whosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek knowledge (‘ILMA), Allah will make easy for him the path to Paradise.” (Reported by Abu Daud & Tirmidzi)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  17. 17. “The best ones amongst you is the person who makes your remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.” (Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a.)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  19. 19. “Knowledge is not from the listening of much narrations (or merely reading books), verily knowledge is light (which Allah s.w.t.) into the heart.” (Saying of * Ibnu Mas’ud r.a.) * The famous companion (SAHABI) of the Prophet s.a.a.w.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  20. 20. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: “The most meritorious of knowledge is knowledge of the ‘ Haal’ (spiritual state); and the most meritorious of actions (deeds) is to maintain one’s standing (goodly spiritual state attained ).” •The famous student of Imam Abu Hanifah r.h.m. r.h.m amongst the teachers of Imam Ash-Shafi’ie r.h.mAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  21. 21. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: • REFLECTION: Our concern should be towards drawing close to Allah spiritually described as states (Haal). In the incremental states which we gained, we must strive to maintain with ‘amal (practice) as we can regress. When ‘istiqomah’ in one’s Haal is achieved, it is called ‘Maqom’All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  22. 22. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: “Learn (seek knowledge)! For the learning is an adornment for the one who (strive and) possesses it; a virtue and a prelude to every praiseworthy action.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  23. 23. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: • REFLECTION: Certainly, this is from the Islamic perspective of knowledge linked to ‘ibaadah – not the secularist- culture of learning which is attached to value-system quite opposed to Islamic ideals.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  24. 24. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: “Give yourself up to the study of jurisprudence (FIQH), for the knowledge of jurisprudence is the best guide to piety and the fear of God and it is the straightest path to the ultimate goal .” • REFLECTION: “Fiqh” – literally means “profound understanding (of the Deen)” – ref: al-Qur’an Surah Taubah : 9: 122, which later was used to refer to the studies of Islamic jurisprudence.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  25. 25. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: • “It is the milestone leading to the ways of proper guidance; it is the fortress that saves [one] from all hardships. “ • REFLECTION: Again, one has to understand Islam’s value system which do not separate the eternal goodness and hardship in Hereafter with present life which is temporary and fleeting. Thus, those with secular worldview, may not be able to appreciate profoundly this message.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  26. 26. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: “Indeed, one godly person versed in jurisprudence is more powerful against Satan than a thousand [ordinary]• REFLECTION: worshippers.” Only by knowing the boundaries between obedience and disobedience, instilled with Taqwa (fear of transgression) that can effectively equip a Muslim against being tempted or deceived by Satan. Thus, the emphasis upon this knowledge.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  27. 27. “The knowledge is what benefits, not what is memorized” (Imam Muhammad Idris ash-Shafi’e rhm. a.)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  29. 29. "Indeed the scholars are the inheritors of the Prophets, but if they fall into covetousness and greed, who shall be taken as leaders? The merchants and businessmen are the trustees of Allah, so if they are treacherous, who can be trusted? The warriors are the guests of Allah so if they become extreme (or take spoils without right), with whom can we defeat the enemies? The righteous and ascetic ones are the kings of the earth but if they become insincere (i.e. have riya’), who shall be followed? The governors/rulers are the shepherds (protectors) of the people, but if the shepherd becomes a wolf, who shall protect the flock?" - Imam Abdullah ibn al-MubarakAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  30. 30. NING WAR “Whoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue with the learned (scholars), or to brag with the foolish; or with it to attract peoples’ attention to himself; Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire.” (Hadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn Majah)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  31. 31. “We are (much) in need of a little Adab, from (that of) going out (seeking) after much of ‘ilm (knowledge)” – (Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  32. 32. “(‘ilm) Knowledge without Adab, is like (having) fire (but) without wood (fuel); and Adab without knowledge (‘ilm) , is like (having) the Soul (but) without body.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  33. 33.  Purify his soul (nafs) from impure traits and blameworthy Such as:- characteristics. ‘ujub (self-conceit) Juhud (ungrateful, obstinacy) Kibr (arrogance) Hasd (jealousy) Riya’ (ostentatious) Hub al-jah (love for status) Hub ad-dunya (love of the world) Etc. .. amongst others .... He is indeed successful who purify and causes it to grow, (Qur’an: Shams: 91: 10)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  34. 34.  Remove impediments (affairs of the world) to devote with undivided attention to the study. “Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his (one) body “ (Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 4)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  35. 35.  Never scorn knowledge nor exalt himself/herself over the teacher. Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: “Whosever has humility (tawwadhu’), Allah will raise his rank (and status); and whosoever is arrogant (proud - takabbur) Allah will humiliate him.” (Hadith of our Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  36. 36.  Observe priority in learning and submit to the advise of the teacher in the matters of his learning. A POEM FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  37. 37.  Must be patient and not be hasty in learning as one may need to master praiseworthy knowledge. Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: “Calmness is from Allah, and (whereas) hastiness is from satan.” (Hadith reported by Baihaqy from Anas r.a.)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  38. 38.  Do not attempt to address every branch of knowledge but must observe order and begin with the most important. O ye who believe! put not yourselves forward before Allah and His Messenger: but fear Allah: for Allah is He who hears and knows all things. (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  39. 39.  Learn to ascertain the noble nature of this or other science. Such as to know value & priority:- Fardh ‘Ain (personal obligation) Fardh Kifaya (community obligation) Muqaddimat (introductory) Mukhtasar (Summary) Mufasssal (Detail) Mujmal (General) Khususiya (Specialised) Usul (Principles) Furu’ (Branches or secondary) Manfa’at (beneficial) Ghoyr Manfa’at (not beneficial) Etc. .. amongst others ....All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  40. 40.  Purpose of learning is for the adornment of inner self with virtues – seeking nearness to Allah (“Taqarrub-il-lAllaah”) and attainment of piety (“Taqwa”). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 13)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  41. 41. Avoid polemics. (Difference between Maslahat al-mursala and Bid’ah) 1. Niyyat : Essentials (rukn ’) in every worship (servitude). 2. Intention is formulated in the heart and mind. 3. In language that one understands. 4. Conscious awareness accompanying the act. 5. Clarity of action and purpose. 6. To eradicate ambiguity. 7. Sincerity towards Allah s.w.t.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  42. 42. As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad (rahimahullah) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  43. 43. “I intend to learn and teach (knowledge), to gain and to share benefits, to receive and to give reminders, to seek (Allah’s) bestowals and to bestow (upon others), to holdfast to the teachings of the Book of Allah (Qur’an) and As-Sunnah of His Messenger s.a.a.w. , to invite towards the right guidance, to show to the path of goodness, beseeching and seeking to please Allah s.w.t., so as to gain nearness to Him and hoping for (His acceptance and) His reward. Amin” As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad (rahimahullah) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  44. 44.  Refer also to the traditional text : “Ta’lim Muta’allim Tariqit Ta’allum” “INSTRUCTION OF THE STUDENT : THE METHOD OF LEARNING” by Sheikh Imam Tajuddin Nu’man al-Zarnuji.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  45. 45. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  46. 46. “O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy (bitaanah*) those outside your ranks; they will not fail to corrupt you. They only desire your ruin: rank hatred has already appeared from their mouths; what their hearts conceal is far worse. We have made plain to you the Signs, if ye have wisdom. (Qur’an : Aali’Imran: 3:118) *bitaanah : advisors, consultants, protectors, intimate friends, helpers ...All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  47. 47. “O ye who believe! (Be conscious of Allah and) Fear Allah (TAQWA) and be with those who are true (in word and deed).” (Qur’an: Taubah:9: 119)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  48. 48. “He is not from my Ummah (community), One who do not respect our elders, or One who is not merciful (kind) to our young, and one who do not know (and respect the rights of) our ‘Ulama’ (Islamic scholars).” (Hadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by Tabrany)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  49. 49. “A person is upon the religion (way of life) of the ones (friends) he is close to, therefore look to whom you (love to befriend or) close to.” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  50. 50. Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims: ”Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEEN (Religion), so look thoroughly into the person from whom you acquire (the knowledge of) your DEEN (Religion).”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  51. 51. “Whosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increase in his detachment (ZUHD) for the world, would not have any increase with Allah except in his distancing himself further” (Hadith reported by Dailami from ‘Ali ibn Abi Tolib r.a .)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  52. 52. “He is not an ascetic (ZAHID) he who is detached (denounce) the dirham and dinar (i.e. money), but verily a true ascetic ( ZAHID) is one who detaches himself from all other except the Irresistable (Allah jallaajalaa-luh)” (Explanation of “ZUHD” by Ibn ‘Arabiy)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  53. 53. A SCHOLARS’ ADVICE FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM” “He who does not exert abstinence (WARA’) while learning, God (Allah) the Almighty chastise [him] in one of three ways: [1] either deprives him of life in his youth, or [2] exiles him into [far-off] regions, or [3] punishes him [by forcing him to enter] the service of the Sultan.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  54. 54. TO BE CONTINUED … INSHA-ALLAAH!All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
  55. 55. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) )
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