[Slideshare] fardh'ain-lesson#9-arkaan-ul-iiman-in-qadha' -qadr(16 decemberl2011)

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“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” …

“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL
LESSON # 9

“ARKAAN AL-IIMAN”
Articles of Faith / Belief

BELIEVE IN QADHA’ AND
QADR OF ALLAH

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  • 12/16/11 18:10 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 12/16/11 18:10 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 12/16/11 18:10 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 12/16/11 18:10 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

Transcript

  • 1. “ A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL LESSON # 9 Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL UPDATED DECEMBER 2011 Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ ARKAAN AL-IIMAN” Articles of Faith / Belief IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL BELIEVE IN QADHA’ AND QADR OF ALLAH
  • 2. (The basic message of Islam) FARDHU’AIN : CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “ Beginners’ Manual on Islam ” IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
  • 3.
    • “ Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah.
    • No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
  • 4. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “ Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “ the Praised One ”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent.
    FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
  • 5. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 6.
    • “ Tell me about Islam”
    • Islam is built upon five things:
    • Bear witness that there is none deserving of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 7.
    • “ Tell me about Islam”
    • Islam is built upon five things:
    • And to establish Swolah (the obligatory five daily worship or specific devotion).
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 8.
    • “ Tell me about Islam”
    • Islam is built upon five things:
    • And to pay the Zakah (obligatory tax upon the wealth).
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 9.
    • “ Tell me about Islam”
    • Islam is built upon five things:
    • And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (Ka’ba in Makkah) if you are able.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 10.
    • “ Tell me about Islam”
    • Islam is built upon five things:
    • And to observe fasting daily in the month of Ramadhan.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 11. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • .....“Tell me about iiman (Faith/Belief)”
    • (Belief) iiman is that you:
    • Solemnly believe in Allah;
    • His angels;
    • His Books,
    • His Messengers;
    • In the Afterlife;
    • In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah;
  • 12. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “ Al-Ihsan” (excellence) is:
    • ... That you serve (worship) Allah as though you see Him, but if you do not see Him, He (Allah) sees you.”
    • ........ “ Tell me about ‘Al-Ihsan’- (the Best or Righteous conduct or Excellence)”
  • 13. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • IIMAN
    • Belief
    • Faith
    • Conviction
    • IHSAN
    • Best or Righteous Conduct
    • ‘ AMAL
    • [Islam]
    • Submission
    • Obedience
    • Practice
    Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).
  • 14.
    • THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO
    • THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAU H EED)
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL
  • 15.
    • IIMAN is “ Belief or Faith ” to something beyond sense perception, termed as “ - al-ghayb ” meaning “the unseen”.
    • It is derived from the root word “ ” which also means “ safety, peace, security, protection ”
    • It denote: “ certainty of the ultimate truth ”, adherence to it instils sense of “ security in him ” from doubts, uncertainty, restlessness etc.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 16.
    • Yet from Islamic perspective “ iiman ” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Believe or faith must be with knowledge.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 17.
    • Yet from Islamic perspective “ iiman ” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Must be with knowledge.
    "And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day).“ ( Q: Bani Israil : 17 :36 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 18.
    • Yet from Islamic perspective “ iiman ” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Must be with knowledge.
    • Three sources for knowledge:
    • [1] Five sensory perceptions - ;
    • [2] Reasoning - ;
    • [3] True report - ;
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 19.
    • (The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you:
    • Solemnly believe in Allah;
    • His angels;
    • His Books,
    • His Messengers;
    • In the Afterlife;
    • In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.”
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 20.
    • (The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you:
    • Solemnly believe in Allah;
    • His angels;
    • His Books,
    • His Messengers;
    • In the Afterlife;
    • In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.”
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 21.
    • THE SIXTH ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING
    • THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH ( TAU H EED )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL
  • 22. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 23.
    • “ No calamity befalls save by Allah's leave (permission). And whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart. And Allah is Knower of all things.
    • Obey Allah and obey His messenger; but if ye turn away, then the duty of Our messenger is only to convey (the message) plainly.  
    • Allah! There is no God save Him. In Allah, therefore, let believers put their trust.”
    • ( Qur’an: Taghabun: 64: 11-13 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 24. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 25. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 26.
    • “  Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him. Unto Him belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedes with Him save by His leave? He knows that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His throne includes the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.”
    • ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 255 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 27. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 28.
    • Man’s knowledge is only regarding what has happened or is happening.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 29.
    • Man’s knowledge is only regarding what has happened or is happening.
    • He cannot claim (on his own) to know the future – as to what will occur, or what his fate will be.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 30.
    • Man’s knowledge is only regarding what has happened or is happening.
    • He cannot claim (on his own) to know the future – as to what will occur, or what his fate will be.
    • Yet, he knows things do occur according to certain laws of cause and effect ( sunna-tullaah ). And that Allah has given him ‘free-will’ to participate in determining his destiny.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 31.
    • Man’s knowledge is only regarding what has happened or is happening.
    • He cannot claim (on his own) to know the future – as to what will occur, or what his fate will be.
    • Yet, he knows things do occur according to certain laws of cause and effect ( sunna-tullaah ). And that Allah has given him ‘free-will’ to participate in determining his destiny.
    • This ‘free-will’ is termed, “ ikhtiyar ”
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 32.
    • What is “ ikhtiyar ” ?
    • It is derived from the root word “ khayr ” meaning
    • “ good” and “ akhyar ” - meaning “better”
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 33.
    • Therefore the freedom given to man “ to determine for themselves their destiny, is only in choosing to do good .”
    • Although man may abuse this privilege and if he chose
    • to do bad, he is said to have committed “ zulm ” - (injustice) to himself.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 34.
    • Therefore the freedom given to man “ to determine for themselves their destiny, is only in choosing to do good .”
    • Although man may abuse this privilege and if he chose to do bad, he is said to have committed “zulm” - ظُلْمٌ (injustice) to himself.
    • Thus, man is to be responsible for his choices in his life as well as face consequences for his neglect and abuse.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 35. ALTHOUGH MAN’S CHOICE AND ABILITY TO DO WHATEVER ACTION IS WITH ALLAH’S WILL OR PERMISSION ( MA-SHI-A ), YET MAN’S CHOICE TO ABUSE AND COMMIT WRONG IS NOT WITH ALLAH’S APPROVAL ( LAM YARDHA ) PERMISSION DOES NOT EQUAL APPROVAL. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 36. In the Name of Allah, Praise be to Allah, Good and evil are by the Will (i.e. they can happen only by the permission) of Allah. THUS IN “ RATIB AL-HADDAD ”, WE RECITE THIS WIRD All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 37. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 38. WHETHER: “ SHUKUR ” OR “ KUFUR ” GRATEFUL OR UNGRATEFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 39. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 40.
    • “   Verily! We create man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to test him; so We gave him (gifts of) hearing, sight. Verily! We have shown him the Way, whether he be grateful or ungrateful i.e. disbelieving (rests on his will).”
    • ( Qur’an: Al-Insan:76: 2-3 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 41. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 42.
    • “  Then when (Solomon) saw it (the throne miraculously) placed firmly before him, he said: "This is by the grace of my Lord!― to test me whether I am grateful, or ungrateful! And if any is grateful truly his gratitude is (a gain) for his own soul; but if any is ungrateful, truly my Lord is Free of All Needs, Supreme in Honour!"
    • ( Qur’an: Naml: 27: 40 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 43. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 44.
    • “ Verily, Allah does not change men’s condition unless they change their inner selves;”
    • ( Qur’an: Ra’ad : 13:11 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 45. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 46.
    • “ This, because Allah would never change the blessings with which He has graced a people unless they change their inner selves: and [know] that Allah is all-Hearing, all-Seeing.”
    • ( Qur’an: Al- Anfal : 8:53 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 47. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 48.
    • Can we change our future?
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 49.
    • Can we change our future?
    • Before attempting to answer, note that this is an assumption (guessing) - as though we already know the outcome of our future.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 50.
    • Can we change our future?
    • Before attempting to answer, note that this is an assumption (guessing) - as though we already know the outcome of our future.
    • Do we, for certain, know our future?
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 51.
    • Can we change our future?
    • Before attempting to answer, note that this is an assumption (guessing) - as though we already know the outcome of our future.
    • Do we, for certain, know our future?
    • How can we change something when we do not even know with absolute certainty that this thing will occur?
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 52.
    • The correct statement is: “ Can we change our current condition, to ensure a better future in our destiny ?”
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 53.
    • The correct statement is: “ Can we change our current condition, to ensure a better future in our destiny ?”
    • Of course we can, because Allah SWT has allowed us (nay, expects us) to continue to change for the better, to improve.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 54.
    • Allah will assist the change, but He will not change your condition unless you begin to change it ( ikhtiyar ) in yourself.
    • And much bad outcome , especially when blessings already given are taken away, is also due to man’s choosing to change what Allah has given him – outcome of abusing that “free-will” given.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 55. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 56. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 57.
      • “ Do men think that on their [mere] saying, ‘We believe,’ they will be left to themselves, and will not be put to a test? Yea, indeed, we did test those who lived before them; and so too, [shall be tested those Muslims who is now living and] most certainly will He mark out those who prove themselves true, and most certainly will He mark out those who are lying.”
    • ( Qur’an: al- Ankabut: 29: 2-3 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 58.
    • To be a believer in Allah SWT. cannot be by mere claim. It requires proof through tests, because believers would be rewarded with honour and exaltation.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 59.
    • To be a believer in Allah SWT. cannot be by mere claim. It requires proof through tests, because believers would be rewarded with honour and exaltation.
    • To be tested means that man is given the potential to be capable for both success as well as failure. He must not be compelled but must have the free-will and choice.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 60.
    • Justice dictates that with possibility to be rewarded with honour and exaltation, there is equally the possibility of dishonour and debasement.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 61.
    • Justice dictates that with possibility to be rewarded with honour and exaltation, there is equally the possibility of dishonour and debasement.
    • Man can either choose to believe or to reject; to submit or to rebel; to be grateful or be ungrateful. Such is the nature of test or trial.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 62.
    • Justice dictates that with possibility to be rewarded with honour and exaltation, there is equally the possibility of dishonour and debasement.
    • Man can either choose to believe or to reject; to submit or to rebel; to be grateful or be ungrateful. Such is the nature of test or trial.
    • Thus there is the promise of Paradise, as there is the warning of Hell.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 63. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 64. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 65. “ Has there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he was nothing--(not even) mentioned?― Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: so We gave him (the gifts), of Hearing and Sight. We showed him the Way: whether he be ( SHAKUR ) grateful or ( KAFUR ) ungrateful (rests on his will).” ( Qur’an: al-Insan (Dahri): 76: 2-3 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 66.
    • WHETHER GRATEFUL
    • ‘ GOOD’
    • HEALTH
    • WEALTH
    • HAPPINESS
    • STRENGTH
    • ACCEPTANCE
    • OR UNGRATEFUL
    • ‘ BAD’
    • SICKNESS
    • POVERTY
    • SADNESS
    • WEAKNESS
    • REJECTION
    THUS LIFE CONTAINS OPPOSITES – SO THAT THERE CAN BE APPRECIATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 67.
    • MANY DO NOT REALIZE THAT THEY ARE BEING TESTED WITH MANY GOOD FAVOURS IN LIFE – FOR ALL THESE (GOOD THINGS) COMES FROM THE WILL OF ALLAH. WHAT IS EXPECTED OF THEM IS, SO THAT THEY SHOULD BE GRATEFUL ( SHAKUR - )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 68.
    • MANY DO NOT REALIZE THAT THEY ARE BEING TESTED WITH MANY GOOD FAVOURS IN LIFE – FOR ALL THESE (GOOD THINGS) COMES FROM THE WILL OF ALLAH. WHAT IS EXPECTED OF THEM IS, SO THAT THEY SHOULD BE GRATEFUL ( SHAKUR - )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ And remember! your Lord caused to be declared (publicly): "If ye are grateful, I will add more (favours) unto you; but if ye show ingratitude, truly My punishment is terrible indeed." ( Qur’an: Ibrahim:14: 7 )
  • 69.
    • The key to succeed in this test as well as to deserve achieving further increase of bestowals from Allah.
    • yet how does one become grateful? What are the important criteria?
    • Acknowledge and extol praises of the true giver, Allah Who alone is God, the Bestower of all favours.
    • Learn the value of what is given, do not take any of these favours for granted.
    • Utilize what is given in accordance to what may please the Giver (i.e. do not abuse the gift), so as not to cause His wrath to befall us.
    CRITERIA All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 70.
    • EVEN WHEN FACING ADVERSITY AND CALAMITY ,
    • THE TEST IS WHETHER WE HAVE PATIENCE FOREBEARANCE – AS WELL AS - WHETHER WE CAN REMAIN CONTENTED AND FAITHFUL TO EVERY ALLAH’S DECREE UPON US ON THIS EARTH
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 71.
      • “ Among the believers are men who have [always] been true to what they have vowed before Allah: Of them some have fulfilled their obligations (with their lives), and some of them are still waiting (for its fulfillment) without having changed [their resolve] in the least.”
    • ( Qur’an: al-Ahzab: 33: 23 )
    • EVEN WHEN FACING ADVERSITY AND CALAMITY ,
    • THE TEST IS WHETHER WE HAVE PATIENCE FOREBEARANCE – AS WELL AS - WHETHER WE CAN REMAIN CONTENTED AND FAITHFUL TO EVERY ALLAH’S DECREE UPON US ON THIS EARTH
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 72. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 73.
    • “  Say: ‘Nothing will happen to us except what Allah has decreed for us: He is our protector’: and on Allah let the Believers put their trust.”
    • ( Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 51 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 74. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 75.
    • “ If Allah do touch thee with hurt, there is none can remove it but He: if He do design some benefit for thee, there is none can keep back His favour: He causeth it to reach whomsoever of His servants He pleaseth. And He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
    • ( Qur’an: Taubah: 10: 107 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 76. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 77.
    • “ For Allah has power over all things.
    • What Allah out of His Mercy doth bestow on mankind there is none can withhold: what He doth withhold there is none can grant apart from Him: and He is the Exalted in Power, Full of Wisdom.”
    • ( Qur’an: Fatir: 35: 1-2 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 78. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 79.
    • “  And there is not a thing but with Us are the stores thereof. And we send it not down save in appointed measure.”
    • ( Qur’an: al-Hijr:15: 21 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 80. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 81.
    • “ And whosoever who is conscious of Allah ( Taqwa ), He (Allah) will appoint a way out for him (from every unhappiness), and will provide for him in a manner beyond all expectations. And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, He (alone) will suffice him. Verily! Allah brings His command to pass. Allah hath set appointed (term and) measure for all things.”
    • ( Qur’an: Talaq: 65: 2-3 )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 82. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 83.
    • We cannot claim to know the knowledge that is with Allah unless He reveals it to us.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 84.
    • We cannot claim to know the knowledge that is with Allah unless He reveals it to us.
    • Thus for us in life, with time, things will gradually occur. This is what we may understand “ Qadha ’ ” to mean : the unveiling or the revealing of Allah’s executing His fore-knowledge (Decree) to us.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 85.
    • Only when it has occurred do we say “ this is in accordance with the Eternal pre-existing knowledge of Allah ( Qadr )”.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 86.
    • Only when it has occurred do we say “ this is in accordance with the Eternal pre-existing knowledge of Allah ( Qadr )”.
    • Before it has happened we cannot say something is already predestined - to do so would be only mere speculation, nay arrogance even, for we are assuming we know it for certain.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 87.
    • And Allah’s knowledge includes the cause and effect of how things occur. And in this ‘ cause and effect ’ lies our responsibility, because there are ‘free-will’ which we are given to exercise therein.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 88.
    • And Allah’s knowledge includes the cause and effect of how things occur. And in this ‘ cause and effect ’ lies our responsibility, because there are ‘free-will’ which we are given to exercise therein.
    • Although Allah will not hold us responsible for ‘causes’ which are beyond our control. Yet, these other ‘causes’ may effect our life and destiny in this world.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 89.
    • Thus, even if we have done our best exercising “ ikhtiyar ”, yet what is destined to occur may not always be pleasant and good.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 90.
    • Therefore, it is foolish to say: “ Well if things is going to happen according to what Allah has fixed, so ‘que sera sera!’ what will be will be ” and you chose to do nothing. ( Jabariyah )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 91.
    • Therefore, it is foolish to say: “ Well if things is going to happen according to what Allah has fixed, so ‘que sera sera!’ what will be will be” and you chose to do nothing. ( Jabariyah )
    • Also, it is foolish to expect that after you have put in every effort, things will occur exactly as you hope, as though other factors beyond your control cannot affect your life! ( Qodariyah )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 92. SUMMARY BELIEVE IN QADHA’ AND QADR REQUIRES US TO ACCEPT THAT MANKIND IS : [1] NEITHER FULLY COMPELLED [2] NOR DOES HE HAS THE ABSOLUTE FREEDOM . ITS REALITY IS TO BE FOUND BETWEEN THESE TWO EXTREMES. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 93. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 94.
    • SwOBR
    • ( PATIENT PERSERVERANCE )
    • “ Swobr ” – ‘patience perseverance’; if instilled in us then whatever the outcome in life’s trial & tribulation would not deter nor cause us to loose hope. There would always be positive optimism, ever determined, knowing that Allah knows all that we are going through and:
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 95.
    • SwOBR
    • ( PATIENT PERSERVERANCE )
    “ Allah is with the patiently persevering ones” ( Q: Baqarah:2:153 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 96.
    • SHAJA’AH
    • ( COURAGE )
    • Knowing that when Allah SWT. permits something to happen, only then can it happen. If He does not permit it, then it can never happen.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 97.
    • SHAJA’AH
    • ( COURAGE )
    • Thus the actual future outcome rests only with Allah, although we may speculate with our knowledge of cause and effect. Yet, our knowledge is limited – whereas Allah’s knowledge encompass all. This instils in us courage to face the future.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 98.
    • TAWAKKUL
    • ( TRUST )
    • Believe in Qadha’ & Qadr requires a Muslim to place trust completely in Allah (after exhausting all resolve and ikhtiyar ).
    • Trust in Allah make us deserving of his Love:
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 99.
    • TAWAKKUL
    • ( TRUST )
    “ And when you have made a resolve, put your Trust in Allah for Allah loves those who put their Trust in Him” ( Qur’an: Aali ’Imran: 3: 159 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 100.
    • HUSNUZ-DZON
    • ( GOOD OPINION TOWARDS ALLAH )
    • Having only good opinion of Allah marks a true Believer.
    • Thus the ‘ good and the bad ’ are seen only as a temporary gifts or affliction – decided by One Who is Compassionate, Merciful and Wise.
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 101.
    • HUSNUZ-DZON
    • ( GOOD OPINION TOWARDS ALLAH )
    • Those who holds to “ good opinion of Allah and His Decree ”, develops their Nafs (Soul) to become Tranquil
    • ( ). Thus Allah says :
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 102.
    • HUSNUZ-DZON
    • ( GOOD OPINION TOWARDS ALLAH )
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 103.
    • HUSNUZ-DZON
    • ( GOOD OPINION TOWARDS ALLAH )
    "O (thou) soul, in (complete) rest and satisfaction! "Come back thou to thy Lord well pleased (thyself), and well-pleasing unto Him! "Enter thou, then among my Devotees! "Yea, enter thou my Heaven"! ( Qur’an: Fajr: 89: 27-30 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 104.
    • “ Things that we cannot see ( ghayb ) don’t exist!”
    • “ Fire will not effect (hurt) another fire!”
    • “ If God already knows that I’m going to be bad, why blame me!”
    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 105. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 106. ROB-BA-NAA – ‘A-LAI-KA – TA-WAK-KAL-NAA WA-ILAI-KA – ANAB-NAA – WA - I-LAI - KAL – MA-SWEER "Our Lord! in Thee do we trust, and to Thee do we turn in repentance: to Thee is (our) final Goal.” DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 107. ‘ ALLAL-LAA-HI – TAWAK –KAL - NAA – ROB-BA-NAA-LAA –TAJ-’AL-NAA – FIT-NA-TAN –LIL-QOW-MIZ- ZO-LI-MEEN – WA-NAJ-JI-NAA – BI-ROH-MA-TI-KA – MINAL – QOW-MIL -KAA-FI-REEN "In Allah do we put our trust. Our Lord! make us not a trial for those who practise oppression; And deliver us by Thy Mercy from those who reject (Thee)." DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 108. DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 109.
    • (Supplicate & Pray):
    • "Our Lord! condemn us not if we forget or fall into error;
    • our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which Thou didst lay on those before us;
    • Our Lord! lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. Thou art our Protector; help us against those who stand against faith."
    • ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 286 )
    DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 110.
    • "O Allah! Endear love in our hearts with the True Faith ( al- iiman )”
    ALLAA-HUM-MA H A-BIB- I-LAI -NAL – II - MAN DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 111.
    • “ And make it (our Faith) to be beautiful (and as a precious ornament ) in our hearts”
    WA – ZAY – YIN - HU - FEE – QU – LOO – BI - NAA DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 112.
    • “ And make us hateful of KUFR (every forms of unbelief), FU-SUUQ (every wickedness) and ISw-YAAN (rebelliousness against truth & goodness)”
    WA – KAR-RAH - ILAI-NAL – KUF-RA WAL FU- SOO-QA - WAL- ISW- YAAN DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 113.
    • “ And make us to amongst those who are RAA-SHI-DUUN (the Rightly Guided)”
    WAJ - ‘ALA - NAA MI-NAR - RAA - SHI - DEEN DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 114. ROB-BANAA – AA-TINAA – MIN-LA-DUNK-KA RO H -MA-TAN – WA – HA-YI’ – LA-NAA – MIN - AM- RINAA – RA – SHA- DAA "Our Lord! Bestow on us Mercy from Thyself, and dispose of our affair for us in the right way! “ DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 115. ROB-BANAA – FAGH – FIR -LANAA – DZU-NUU-BA-NAA – WA-KAF-FIR- ‘AN-NAA – SAI – YI- AA - TINAA – WA-TAWAF - FA-NAA – MA – ‘AL – AB- RAA-R “ Our Lord! forgive us our sins blot out from us our iniquities, and take to Thyself our souls in the company of the righteous.” DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 116. ROB-BA-NAA – LAA-TU-ZIGH – QU-LUU-BA-NAA – BA’-DA IDZ – HA-DAI-TA-NAA – WA – HAB – LA-NAA – MIN – LA DUNKA – ROH-MA-TAN – IN-NA-KA – AN-TAL- WAH-HAAB "Our Lord! let not our hearts deviate now after Thou hast guided us, but grant us mercy from Thee: for Thou art the Grantor of bounties without measure.” DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 117. ROB-BANAA – AF-RIGH – ‘A-LAY-NAA SWOB-RAN – WA- TA-WAF-FA-NAA MUS-LI-MEEN “ Our Lord! pour out on us patience and constancy, and Take our souls unto Thee as Muslims (who bow to Thy will)"! DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 118. ROB-BA-NAA – HAB-LA-NAA – MIN – AZ-WAA - JI-NAA WA - DZUR-RI- YAA -TI-NAA – QUR-RO—TA – A’ – YU-NIN WAJ- ‘AL – NAA – LIL – MUT-TA-QEE-NA – IMAA -MA "Our Lord! Grant unto us wives (mates) and offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes and give us (the grace) to lead the righteous.” DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 119. ROB-BA-NAA – AA-TI-NAA – FID-DUN-YAA – HA-SA-NA-TAN – WA- FIL – AA-KHI-RA-TI - HA-SA-NA-TAN WA-QI-NAA - ‘A-DZAA-BAN-NAA-R “ Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the fire!" DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 120. “ (May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations of Allah and Peace be upon him and his family, in accordance with what he deserves (in Allah’s knowledge & estimation).” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 121. And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our Leader Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions . And all the Praises is for Allah, Lord Sustainer of all the worlds. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 122.   ” Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)!  And Peace on the Messengers!  And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” ( Qur’an : Saffat: 37 : 180-182 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 123. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)