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[Slideshare] fardh'ain-lesson#9a-arkaan-ul-iiman-in-qadha' -qad rpt1(18-may-il2012)

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“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” …

“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

“ARKAAN AL-IIMAN”
Articles of Faith / Belief

BELIEVE IN QADHA’ AND
QADR OF ALLAH [pt 1]

Published in Education , Spiritual
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  • 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON MOST MERCIFUL ISLAM” IL Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults R A-’ [a] IB conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail O F J 9 TH # A DI O N H S S Every Friday LE IT CAN ALSO BE A night @ 8pm – REFRESHER COURSE 10pm FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, “ARKAAN AL-IIMAN” Wisma Indah, EDUCATORS, IN 450 Changi CONTEMPORARY Articles of Faith / Belief Road, SINGAPORE. #02-00 next to OPEN TO ALL BELIEVE IN QADHA’ AND Masjid Kassim QADR OF ALLAH PART 1 Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED MAY 2012All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) 1
  • 2. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, FARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY MOST COMPASSIONATE, USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL MOST MERCIFUL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “Beginners’ Manual on Islam” (The basic message of Islam) 2All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 3. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS • “Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah. • No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 4. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS • “Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “the Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 5. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 6. Islam is built upon five “Tell me about Islam” things: Bear witness that there is none deserving of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 7. Islam is built upon five “Tell me about Islam” things: And to establish Swolah (the obligatory five daily worship or specific devotion).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 8. Islam is built upon five “Tell me about Islam” things: And to pay the Zakah (obligatory tax upon the wealth).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 9. Islam is built upon five “Tell me about Islam” things: And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (Ka’ba in Makkah) if you are able.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 10. Islam is built upon five “Tell me about Islam” things: And to observe fasting daily in the month of Ramadhan.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 11. .....“Tell me about iiman (Belief) iiman is that (Faith/Belief)” you: Solemnly believe in Allah; His angels; His Books, His Messengers; In the Afterlife; In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah;All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 12. ........ “ Tell me about ‘Al- “Al-Ihsan” (excellence) is: Ihsan’- (the Best or ... That you serve (worship) Righteous conduct or Allah as though you see Excellence)” Him, but if you do not see Him, He (Allah) sees you.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 13. IIMAN ‘AMAL • IHSAN [Islam] Belief Submission Best or Faith Obedience Righteous Conviction Practice Conduct Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 14. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 15. IIMAN is “Belief or Faith” to something beyond sense perception, termed as “ - al-ghayb” meaning “the unseen”. It is derived from the root word “ ” which also means “safety, peace, security, protection” It denote: “certainty of the ultimate truth”, adherence to it instils sense of “security in him” from doubts, uncertainty, restlessness etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 16. Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Believe or faith must be with knowledge.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 17. Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Must be with knowledge. "And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day).“ (Q: Bani Israil : 17 :36)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 18. Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Must be with knowledge. Three sources for knowledge: [1] Five sensory perceptions - ; [2] Reasoning - ; [3] True report - ;All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 19. (The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you:  Solemnly believe in Allah;  His angels;  His Books,  His Messengers;  In the Afterlife;  In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 20. (The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you: Solemnly believe in Allah; His angels; His Books, His Messengers; In the Afterlife; In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 21. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE SIXTH ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 22. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 23. “No calamity befalls save by Allahs leave (permission). And whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart. And Allah is Knower of all things. Obey Allah and obey His messenger; but if ye turn away, then the duty of Our messenger is only to convey (the message) plainly. Allah! There is no God save Him. In Allah, therefore, let believers put their trust.” (Qur’an: Taghabun: 64: 11-13) 23All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 24. 24All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 25. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 26. “ Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him. Unto Him belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedes with Him save by His leave? He knows that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His throne includes the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 255) 26All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 27. 27All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 28. Man’s knowledge is only regarding what has happened or is happening. 28All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 29. Man’s knowledge is only regarding what has happened or is happening. He cannot claim (on his own) to know the future – as to what will occur, or what his fate will be. 29All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 30. Man’s knowledge is only regarding what has happened or is happening. He cannot claim (on his own) to know the future – as to what will occur, or what his fate will be. Yet, he knows things do occur according to certain laws of cause and effect (sunna-tullaah). And that Allah has given him free-will to participate in determining his destiny. 30All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 31. Man’s knowledge is only regarding what has happened or is happening. He cannot claim (on his own) to know the future – as to what will occur, or what his fate will be. Yet, he knows things do occur according to certain laws of cause and effect (sunna-tullaah). And that Allah has given him free-will to participate in determining his destiny. This free-will is termed, “ikhtiyar” 31All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 32. What is “ikhtiyar” ? It is derived from the root word “khayr” meaning “good” and “akhyar” - “better” 32All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 33. Therefore the freedom given to man to determine for themselves their destiny, is only in choosing to do good. Although he may abuse this privilege and if he chose to do bad, he is said to have committed “zulm” (injustice) to himself. 33All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 34. Therefore the freedom given to man to determine for themselves their destiny, is only in choosing to do good. Although he may abuse this privilege and if he chose to do bad, he is said to have committed “zulm” ٌ‫ظُلْم‬ (injustice) to himself. Thus, man is to be responsible for his choices in his life as well as face consequences for his neglect and abuse. 34All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 35. Therefore the freedom given to man to determine for ALTHOUGH MAN’S CHOICE AND ABILITY TO DO WHATEVER their destiny, is only in choosing to OR themselves ACTION IS WITH ALLAH’S WILL do PERMISSION ( MA-SHI-A ), good. Although he may abuse this privilege and if YET MAN’S CHOICE TO ABUSE AND COMMIT he chose to do bad, he is said to have committed WRONG IS NOT WITH ALLAH’S APPROVAL ( LAM WRONG IS NOT WITH ALLAH’S APPROVAL ( LAM “zulm” ٌ‫( ظُلْم‬injustice) to himself. YARDHA ) PERMISSIONbe responsible for his choices in his life Thus, man is to DOES NOT EQUAL APPROVAL. 35All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 36. THUS IN “RATIB AL-HADDAD”, WE RECITE THIS WIRD In the Name of Allah, Praise be to Allah, Good and evil are by the Will (i.e. they can happen only by the permission) of Allah. 36All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 37. 37All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 38. WHETHER: “SHUKUR ” OR “KUFUR ” GRATEFUL OR UNGRATEFUL 38All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 39. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 40. “ Verily! We create man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to test him; so We gave him (gifts of) hearing, sight. Verily! We have shown him the Way, whether he be grateful or ungrateful i.e. disbelieving (rests on his will).” (Qur’an: Al-Insan:76: 2-3) 40All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 41. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 42. “ Then when (Solomon) saw it (the throne miraculously) placed firmly before him, he said: "This is by the grace of my Lord!― to test me whether I am grateful, or ungrateful! And if any is grateful truly his gratitude is (a gain) for his own soul; but if any is ungrateful, truly my Lord is Free of All Needs, Supreme in Honour!" (Qur’an: Naml: 27: 40) 42All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 43. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 44. “Verily, Allah does not change men’s condition unless they change their inner selves;” (Qur’an: Ra’ad : 13:11) 44All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 45. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 46. “This, because Allah would never change the blessings with which He has graced a people unless they change their inner selves: and [know] that Allah is all-Hearing, all-Seeing.” (Qur’an: Al- Anfal : 8:53) 46All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 47. “For, He (Allah) it is who has made you inherit the earth, and has raised some of you by degrees above others, so that He might try you by means of what He has bestowed upon you. Verily, thy Sustainer is swift in retribution: yet, behold, He is indeed much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.” (Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 165)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 48. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 49. Can we change our future? 49All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 50. Can we change our future? Before attempting to answer, note that this is an assumption (guessing) - as though we already know the outcome of our future. 50All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 51. Can we change our future? Before attempting to answer, note that this is an assumption (guessing) - as though we already know the outcome of our future. Do we, for certain, know our future? 51All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 52. Can we change our future? Before attempting to answer, note that this is an assumption (guessing) - as though we already know the outcome of our future. Do we, for certain, know our future? How can we change something when we do not even know with absolute certainty that this thing will occur? 52All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 53. The correct statement is: “Can we change our current condition, to ensure a better future in our destiny?” 53All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 54. The correct statement is: “Can we change our current condition, to ensure a better future in our destiny?” Of course we can, because Allah SWT has allowed us (nay, expects us) to continue to change for the better, to improve. 54All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 55. Allah will assist the change, but He will not change your condition unless you begin to change it (ikhtiyar) in yourself. “But as for those who strive hard in Our cause -We shall most certainly guide them onto paths that lead unto Us: for, behold, Allah is indeed with the doers of good.” (Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 69) 55All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 56. 56All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 57. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 58. “Do men think that on their [mere] saying, ‘We believe,’ they will be left to themselves, and will not be put to a test? Yea, indeed, we did test those who lived before them; and so too, [shall be tested those Muslims who is now living and] most certainly will He mark out those who prove themselves true, and most certainly will He mark out those who are lying.” (Qur’an: al- Ankabut: 29: 2-3) 58All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 59. To be a believer in Allah SWT. cannot be by mere claim. It requires proof through tests, because believers would be rewarded with honour and exaltation. 59All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 60. To be a believer in Allah SWT. cannot be by mere claim. It requires proof through tests, because believers would be rewarded with honour and exaltation. To be tested means that man is given the potential to be capable for both success as well as failure. He must not be compelled but must have the free-will and choice. 60All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 61. Justice dictates that with possibility to be rewarded with honour and exaltation, there is equally the possibility of dishonour and debasement. 61All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 62. Justice dictates that with possibility to be rewarded with honour and exaltation, there is equally the possibility of dishonour and debasement. Man can either choose to believe or to reject; to submit or to rebel; to be grateful or be ungrateful. Such is the nature of test or trial. 62All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 63. Justice dictates that with possibility to be rewarded with honour and exaltation, there is equally the possibility of dishonour and debasement. Man can either choose to believe or to reject; to submit or to rebel; to be grateful or be ungrateful. Such is the nature of test or trial. Thus there is the promise of Paradise, as there is the warning of Hell. 63All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 64. TO CONTINUE ON PART 2 64All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)