[Slideshare] fardh'ain-lesson#7a-arkaan-ul-iiman-prophe ts'-hadith(4-may-2012)
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[Slideshare] fardh'ain-lesson#7a-arkaan-ul-iiman-prophe ts'-hadith(4-may-2012)

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“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” ...

“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults
conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

BELIEVE IN HIS
MESSENGERS (PROPHETS)
--------------------------------------
AHADITH
SIGNIFICANCE AND DEVELOPMENT
-------------------------------------

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  • 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON MOST MERCIFUL ISLAM” IL Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults R A-’ OF JIB [a] conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail T H # 7 AD I ON H SS LE Every Friday IT CAN ALSO BE A night @ 8pm – REFRESHER COURSE “ARKAAN AL-IIMAN” 10pm FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, Wisma Indah, EDUCATORS, IN Articles of Faith / Belief 450 Changi CONTEMPORARY Road, SINGAPORE. BELIEVE IN HIS #02-00 next to OPEN TO ALL Masjid Kassim MESSENGERS (PROPHETS) ADDITIONAL NOTES Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED MAY 2012All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) 1
  • 2. ADDITIONAL NOTESAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 3. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 4. “And upon thee (too) have We bestowed from on high this reminder, so that thou (Muhammad) might make clear unto mankind all that has ever been thus bestowed upon them, and that they might take thought. (Qur’an : An-Nahl : 16: 44)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 5. (Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 2 : 43) But the Qur’an does not provide the detail, thus the Prophet (pbuh) said : 5All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 6. “ .....and be constant in ‘as-Swolah’ (that is the fixed obligatory daily prayer)…” (Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 2 : 43) But the Qur’an does not provide the detail, thus the Prophet (pbuh) said : “Establish ‘as-Swolah’ as you see me do” (Hadith reported by Bukhary) 6All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 7. …(it means) : “the way ... or ... the law “ It is usually used to indicate the practice or the teachings of our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and are divided into : Qau-liyyah (sayings) Taqririyyah (consent) Fi’liyyah (actions) Hammiyyah (resolve) 7All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 8. …(it means) : “the way ... or ... the law “ HADITH REGARDING ‘SUNNAH QAULIYYAH’ IS GENERALLY DIVIDED INTO TYPES HADITH QUDSI HADITH NABAWWIY The Prophet saying but he indicates the quote to be God’s Direct statement of the Prophet words which are other than those in Qur’an 8All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 9. …(Plural is “AHADITH” - it means) : “the news , the report ..or .. narration“ It is usually used to refer to the report or sayings, transmitted through a chain of people, and originated from or up to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Thus a “Hadith” contains the “Sunnah” 9All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 10. ADDITIONAL NOTESAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 11. “ ... and neither does he (Muhammad) speak out of his own desire: that [which he conveys to you] is but [a divine] inspiration with which he is being inspired – something that a very mighty one has imparted to him:” (Qur’an: Najm: 53: 3-5)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 12. “He it is who has sent unto the unlettered people a messenger from among themselves, to convey unto them His messages, and to cause them to grow in purity, and to impart unto them the divine writ as well as wisdom - whereas before that they were indeed, most obviously, lost in error” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 13. “Hence, accept [willingly] whatever the Messenger gives you [thereof], and refrain from [demanding] anything that he withholds from you; and remain conscious of Allah: for, verily, Allah is severe in retribution.” (Qur’an: Hashr: 59: 7)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 14. “And upon thee [too] have We bestowed from on high this reminder, so that thou might make clear (LI-TUBAI-YIN) unto mankind all that has ever been thus bestowed upon them, and that they might take thought.” (Qur’an: Nahlu: 16: 44)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 15. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 16. “And I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in your affairs (of this religion), whosoever holdfast to them shall never be led astray – (these are) the Book of Allah and the Sunnah (Way or tradition) of His Messenger.” (From Sermon reported by Ibnu Hisham in his “Seerah”)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 17. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 18. “Verily, I am leaving behind me for you all, whosoever clings to them shall never be astray after this till the hereafter :-the Book of Allah - the rope stretched from heaven to the earth; and my ‘itrah’ [progeny] from my Household – These two will never be separated from each other until they return upon the Pool (in Paradise). See that you do not differ from (the guidance of) these two after me.” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 19.  We must be very careful not to fabricate any lies, attributing or repeating unverified reports containing lies of what seemed to be Ahadith (perhaps in our ignorance), to our Prophet s.a.w. In one “mutawatir ” Hadith he warns: “Whosoever (intentionally) fabricates a lie (in my name) against me, let him seek his place (of abode) in the Fire (of Hell).” (Hadith reported by Bukhary, Muslim, Darimi, Abu Dawud, Ibnu Majah, Tirmidzi, Abu Hanifa, At-Thayalisi, at-Tabarani and al-Hakim)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 20. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 21. It contains two parts : ISNAD (chain of narrators of the report) (the content of the teaching from MATN the Prophet [pbuh]) 21All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 22. Example of Hadith Imam Bukhary -reported ISNAD from Musa from Abu ‘Awanah from Abu Hussain from Abu Hurayrah - who heard Prophet Muhammad [pbuh] said : MATN 22All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 23. Example of Hadith Imam Bukhary -reported ISNAD from Musa from Abu ‘Awanah from Abu Hussain from Abu Hurayrah - who heard Prophet Muhammad [pbuh] said : “Whosoever fabricates falsehood intentionally against me, let him seek his abode in hell-fire.” MATN 23All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 24. According to the number of “Isnad” MUTAWWATIR a “Sunnah” reported by 4 or more chains of narrators (ISNAD) 24All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 25. THIS TYPE OF HADITH IS UNIVERSALY ACCEPTED AS MOST AUTHENTIC Al-Bukhary Muslim Ad-Darimi Abu Dawud Ibn Majah Musa Ali al-Hidir Muhammad b Esa ‘Amr b ‘Aun Muhamad b Ramh Abu ‘Awanah Ali b Mushir Haitsam Musaddad Al-Laits Abu Hussain Muhammad b Qais Abu Zubair Wabrah Abnu Shihab Abu Hurairah Ali b Rabi’ah Jabir ‘Amir Anas Al-Mughirah Abdullah b Zubair Az-Zubair At-Tirmidzi Ath-Thayalisi Abu Hanifah Ath-Thabrani Al-Hakim Abu Hisham Abdur Rahman ‘Athiyah Abu Ishaq Abul-Fadl b Al-Husain Abu Bakr b Ayyasy Abis-Zinad Abi Sa’ied al-Khudri Ibrahim Muhamad b A Wahab ‘Ashim Amr b Sa’ied Nubaith b Ja’afar b ‘Aun Zirr Uthman Syarieth Abu Hayyan Ibnu Mas’ud Jazid b Hayyan Zaid b ArqamAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 26. THIS TYPE OF HADITH IS UNIVERSALY ACCEPTED AS MOST AUTHENTIC Al-Bukhary Muslim Ad-Darimi Abu Dawud Ibn Majah Musa Ali al-Hidir Muhammad b Esa ‘Amr b ‘Aun Muhamad b Ramh Abu ‘Awanah Ali b Mushir Haitsam Musaddad Al-Laits Abu Hussain Muhammad b Qais Abu Zubair Wabrah Abnu Shihab Abu Hurairah Ali b Rabi’ah Jabir ‘Amir Anas Al-Mughirah Abdullah b Zubair Az-Zubair “Whosoever fabricates falsehood intentionally against me, let him seek his abode in hell-fire.” At-Tirmidzi Ath-Thayalisi Abu Hanifah Ath-Thabrani Al-Hakim Abu Hisham Abdur Rahman ‘Athiyah Abu Ishaq Abul-Fadl b Al-Husain Abu Bakr b Ayyasy Abis-Zinad Abi Sa’ied al-Khudri Ibrahim Muhamad b A Wahab ‘Ashim Amr b Sa’ied Nubaith b Ja’afar b ‘Aun Zirr Uthman Syarieth Abu Hayyan Ibnu Mas’ud Jazid b Hayyan Zaid b ArqamAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 27. According to the number of “Isnad” MUTAWWATIR a “Sunnah” reported by 4 or more chains of narrators (ISNAD) VERY RELIABLE 27All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 28. According to the number of “Isnad” MUTAWWATIR AHAD a “Sunnah” reported a “Sunnah” reported by 4 or more chains by 3 or less chains of narrators (ISNAD) of narrators (ISNAD) RELIABILITY DEPENDS ON VERY RELIABLE STRENGTH OF CHAIN 28All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 29. THE RATIONALE: “THE STRENGTH OF A CHAIN IS AT THE WEAKEST LINK” “Therefore if only one link (narrator) in a report is weak, the whole report is to be regarded as weak.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 30. THE RATIONALE: “AN OBJECT MUST ALSO BE SUPPORTED BY AT LEAST ONE OTHER SEPARATE CHAIN TO BE REGARDED SAFE AND RELIABLE” “Therefore a report which cannot be independently corroborated is ground for it being regarded as weak or unreliable.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 31. THE RATIONALE: “A CHAIN MUST BE CONTINUOUSLY LINKED TO THE SOURCE OF WHICH IT IS SUPPOSED TO BE CONNECTED” “Therefore a report which has gaps in the links (of narrators) is a reason for its rejection.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 32. Further categorization of “AHAD” hadith on the basis of number of Chains. Mash-hur Aziz Gharib (well-known) (strong) (rare) Narrated by way Narrated by way Narrated by way of 3 chains of 2 chains of a single chains CAN BE CONSIDERED CAN BE CONSIDERED FOR FURTHER FOR FURTHER BASED ON ISNAD USUALLY CATERGORIZATION CATERGORIZATION THIS CATEGORY IS REJECTED 32All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 33. Al-‘ilm al-Jarh wa al-Ta’dil (The knowledge of invalidating and declaring reliable of Hadith)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 34. Ahadith which are “MASH-HUR” or “AZIZ “ Maqbul Mardud (Accepted) ( Rejected ) Shahih Hassan Dho’if Maudhu’ Authentic Good Weak Fabrication 34All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 35. Due to defects of the narrator. Due to discontinuity in the chain. Due to incidental reasons. 35All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 36. Continuity of the chain Integrity of the transmitter (narrator) Soundness of narrator’s memory Conformity to stronger sources Absence of hidden defects 36All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 37. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 38. Not contrary to Qur’an & authentic Ahadith Not illogical, against common law Not out of proportion Not containing too much detail on prophecy Not contrary to the position of the Prophet (pbuh) Personal praise or condemnation of any Companions, tribes or places is suspect. 38All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 39. THESE WERE COMPILED AFTER IMAM ASH-SHAFI’IE PERIOD As- S a h i h - Imam Bukhary Al-Musnad as- S a h i h - Imam Muslim Sunan - Imam Abu Dawud Sunan al-Mujtaba - Imam An-Nasa-’i Sunan - Imam At-Tirmidzi Sunan - Imam Ibnu Majah 39All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 40. AL-MUWATHA’ - Imam Malik ibn Anas AL-MUSNAD - Imam Abu Hanifa AL-MUSNAD - Imam As-Shafi’-ie AL-MUSNAD - Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal AL-MUSNAD - Imam At-Tabraniy AL-MUSNAD - Imam Al-Hakim AS-SUNAN - Imam Baihaqy AS-SUNAN - Imam Ad-Darimy …. Etc. 40All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  • 41. “O Allah, bless, grant peace and blessings to our master Muhammad, Your Prophet and Messenger, and to our master Ibrahim, Your friend and intimate friend, and to our master Musa, Your close friend to whom You spoke, and our master Isa, Your Ruh and Word, and to all Your angels, Messengers, Prophets .....All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) 41
  • 42. ... the best of Your creation, Your pure ones, elite and awliya from the people of Your earth and heaven. May Allah bless our master Muhammad in quantity as great as His creation, His good pleasure, the weight of His Throne, and the ink of His words as he deserves .....All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) 42
  • 43. ..... and whenever those who remember mention him and those who neglect his mention neglect it, and bless the people of his House and his pure family, and grant them peace. ACCEPT THIS FROM US O ALLAH! AND INCLUDE US AMONGST THEM WHOM YOU ARE MOST PLEASED ! A-MEENAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) 43
  • 44. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ 44All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)