In respecting the dominance of the followers, adherents of the school of Fiqh of al-Mujtahid-mutlaq al-Imam Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi-’ie rhm.a . here in this region, the practices in this manual / lesson on FIQH matters, shall subscribe and be in conformity with this school of Islamic jurisprudence ( madzhab ).
Yet, we hold to a healthy respect and tolerance ( tasamuh ) towards other madzaahib and ikhtilaaf (differences of opinion) amongst Islamic scholars.
The dominant schools of Islamic jurisprudence generally accepted are the, Ja’afari, Maliki, Hanafi, Shafi’e and Hanbali.
One’s wudhu ’ [ablution] is nullified – such as when any impurity proceeds from one’s ‘lower body openings’ e.g. Urine, stool, gas, worm or much vomiting - the swolah itself would be invalidated. The wudhu’ has to be re-taken before doing the swolah all over again.
Talking will render the swolah invalid. But, if need be out of urgent necessity, certain ways of communication allowed e.g. a mistake by the Imam (prayer leader) may be corrected by those behind him with saying “ sub-Haa-nAllaah ” aloud; amongst ladies by tapping the back of her hands to signal, etc.
Making to much movement other than what is required in swolah . “ Too much ” is defined as “ three or more consecutive movements of any major limbs .” Exceptions, are when there is urgency, such tending to something which cannot be delayed - as long as one do not talk while tending to these emergency.
When the “ aurat ” (i.e. parts of the body that requires covering) becomes exposed – e.g. For man the area between the navel and the knees; for woman, any parts of her body other than her face and hands up to her wrists. But if the exposure is brief, and one is able to immediately rectify (cover it), then this is excused.