Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for
Mus...
(The basic message of Islam)(The basic message of Islam)
FARDHU’AINFARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY: CONDUCTED BY
USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE...
““Allah”Allah” :: Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refersArabic proper noun; name for God, it refers
to the One and On...
““Muhammad s.a.a.w.”Muhammad s.a.a.w.” :: Arabic name meaning “Arabic name meaning “thethe
Praised OnePraised One”; he is ...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
“Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five
things:things:
Bear witness that there isBear witne...
“Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five
things:things:
And to establish SwolahAnd to establ...
“Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five
things:things:
And to pay the ZakahAnd to pay the Z...
“Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five
things:things:
And to make pilgrimageAnd to make pi...
“Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five
things:things:
And to observe fastingAnd to observe...
.....“Tell me about iiman
(Faith/Belief)”
(Belief) iiman is that(Belief) iiman is that
you:you:
Solemnly believe in Allah;...
““Al-Ihsan” (excellence) is:Al-Ihsan” (excellence) is:
... That you serve (worship)... That you serve (worship)
Allah as t...
IIMANIIMAN
BeliefBelief
FaithFaith
ConvictionConviction
IHSANIHSAN
Best orBest or
RighteousRighteous
ConductConduct
‘‘AMAL...
THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO
THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALL...
 IIMANIIMAN is “Belief or Faith” to something beyond sense
perception, termed as “ - al-ghayb” meaning “the
unseen”.
 It...
 Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind
acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Believe o...
"And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou"And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou
hast no knowledge: ve...
 Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere
blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e.
Must be w...
(The Detailed Belief)(The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman“Al-iiman is that you:is that you:
 Solemnly believe in Allah;Solemnl...
(The Detailed Belief)(The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman“Al-iiman is that you:is that you:
 Solemnly believe in Allah;Solemnl...
THE FOURTH ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGINGTHE FOURTH ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING
THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TH...
THE FOURTH ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGINGTHE FOURTH ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING
THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TH...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““And verily We have raised in every nation a messenger,And verily We have raised in every nation a messenger,
(proclaimin...
““And Allah will not mislead a people after He hath guided them,And Allah will not mislead a people after He hath guided t...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““ Who receives guidance, receives it for his own benefit: who goesWho receives guidance, receives it for his own benefit:...
Everyone of us has certain basic questions withinEveryone of us has certain basic questions within
ourselves:ourselves:
““...
Some may ignore these questions, yet they are still inSome may ignore these questions, yet they are still in
us and we wil...
Only AllahOnly Allah s.w.t.s.w.t. the Creator of every creation knowsthe Creator of every creation knows
the truth and Rea...
We do acknowledge a category of people whoWe do acknowledge a category of people who
discover “discover “LawsLaws” in natu...
Yet there is another category of people, who came inYet there is another category of people, who came in
different place a...
The word “Nabi” means
“prophet” refers to a male
person who receives divine
inspiration, to assist them
in guiding the peo...
So not every “Nabi” is a
“Rasul”; whereas all
“Rasul” must also be a
“Nabi”.
According to a tradition,According to a tradi...
ADAMADAM
IDRISIDRIS
NUHNUH
HUDHUD
SALIHSALIH
AdamAdam
EnochEnoch
NoahNoah
HeberHeber
MethuselahMethuselah
NAMES IN THE QUR...
IBRAHIMIBRAHIM
ISMA’ILISMA’IL
ISHAQISHAQ
LUTLUT
YA’KUBYA’KUB
AbrahamAbraham
IshmaelIshmael
IsaacIsaac
LotLot
JacobJacob
NA...
YUSUFYUSUF
SHU’AIBSHU’AIB
AYUBAYUB
MUSAMUSA
HARUNHARUN
JosephJoseph
JethroJethro
JobJob
MosesMoses
AaronAaron
NAMES IN THE...
DZULKIFLIDZULKIFLI
DAWUDDAWUD
SULAIMANSULAIMAN
ILYASILYAS
ALYASA’ALYASA’
EzekielEzekiel
DavidDavid
SolomonSolomon
EliasEli...
YUNUSYUNUS
ZAKARIYYAZAKARIYYA
YAHYAYAHYA
‘‘ISAISA
MUHAMMADMUHAMMAD
JonahJonah
ZachariahZachariah
John the BaptistJohn the ...
NUHNUH
IBRAHIMIBRAHIM
MUSAMUSA
‘‘ISAISA
MUHAMMADMUHAMMAD
NoahNoah
AbrahamAbraham
MosesMoses
JesusJesus
He is “He is “the S...
SIDDIQ
AMANAH
TABLIGH
FATONAHFATONAH
TRUTHFUL
TRUSTWORTHY
CONVEYING
WISE
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE
Meaning “preserved, protected from sinning against
Allah”, although they all have hu...
MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE
This because Allah s.w.t. said:
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““And We made them (Prophets as) leaders, guiding (men) byAnd We made them (Prophets as) leaders, guiding (men) by
Our Com...
MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE
This because Allah s.w.t. said:
““No prophet could (ever) be false to his trust.”No ...
MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE
This because Allah s.w.t. said:
““Now await in patience the command of thy Lord:Now ...
MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE
““And remember We took from the Prophets their Covenant:And remember We took from th...
MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE
Their messengers said to them: "Their messengers said to them: "True, we are human l...
MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE
““Verily We have granted thee aVerily We have granted thee a manifest Victorymanifes...
MIRACLESMIRACLES
The term used for this in Islam is “The term used for this in Islam is “khawariq al-aa-dahkhawariq al-aa-...
MU’-JIZAT
Karomah
Al-Ma-’unah
Istidraj
NabiyNabiy && RasulRasul (Prophets and(Prophets and
Messengers of Allah.)Messengers...
ALLAA-HUM-MA – IN – NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BI-KA – MI-NAL-MAK-RIALLAA-HUM-MA – IN – NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BI-KA – MI-NAL-MAK-RI
WAL –...
MU’JIZATMU’JIZAT
From the wordFrom the word ““i’-jazi’-jaz”” meaning tomeaning to “bring low”“bring low” – refers to– refe...
““Not a messenger did We send before thee withoutNot a messenger did We send before thee without
this inspiration sent by ...
““For We have never sent any MessengerFor We have never sent any Messenger except thatexcept that
he should be heeded (obe...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
For We assuredly sent amongst every People aFor We assuredly sent amongst every People a
messenger, (with the Command) "me...
““Likewise did We make for every Messenger an enemy,― evilLikewise did We make for every Messenger an enemy,― evil
ones me...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
And remember Jesus, the son of Mary, said: "O Children ofAnd remember Jesus, the son of Mary, said: "O Children of
Israel!...
(Jesus is recorded to have said)(Jesus is recorded to have said)
““ ThinkThink not that I have come to abolish the Law and...
COINCIDENTAL or CORROBORATION?
(Jesus is also recorded to have said)(Jesus is also recorded to have said)
““ I have much m...
COINCIDENTAL or CORROBORATION?
““Jesus said to them :Jesus said to them :
‘‘Have you never read in the scriptures:Have you...
THE PROPHET S.A.A.W. SAID:
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““The likeness of me and the other Prophets is similar to thatThe likeness of me and the other Prophets is similar to that...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““O People of the Scripture, there has come to you OurO People of the Scripture, there has come to you Our
Messenger makin...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““O people of the Book! now hath come unto you, makingO people of the Book! now hath come unto you, making
(things) clear ...
“ Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but
(he is) the Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the
Prophets: and All...
““And I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in yourAnd I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in your
affai...
““(Honour) My successors, may Allah s.w.t. be Merciful towards(Honour) My successors, may Allah s.w.t. be Merciful towards...
““ This day have I perfected your religion for (O Muhammad),This day have I perfected your religion for (O Muhammad),
comp...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““ O ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the MessengerO ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger
and those charge...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
“Now whenever Allah and His Messenger have decided
a matter, it is not for a believing man or a believing
woman to claim f...
THE PROPHET S.A.A.W. SAID:
““By Allah!(I swear), even if Musa is alive and present inBy Allah!(I swear), even if Musa is a...
““ O ye who believe!O ye who believe! Give your response to AllahGive your response to Allah
and His Messenger, when He ca...
““The purpose of theThe purpose of the Qur’anQur’an is for invitation (is for invitation (Da’wahDa’wah -calling)-calling)
...
  “ “Certainly did Allah confer [great] favour upon the Certainly did Allah confer [great] favour upon the 
believers when...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
“He it is who has sent unto the unlettered people a messengerHe it is who has sent unto the unlettered people a messenger
...
““And thus have We willed you to be a community of theAnd thus have We willed you to be a community of the
middle way (mid...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““All who obey Allah and the Messenger are in the company ofAll who obey Allah and the Messenger are in the company of
tho...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““ ... and... and neither does he (Muhammad) speak out of hisneither does he (Muhammad) speak out of his
own desire: that ...
““He it is who has sent unto the unlettered peopleHe it is who has sent unto the unlettered people a messengera messenger
...
“Hence, accept [willingly] whatever the Messenger gives you
[thereof], and refrain from [demanding] anything that he
withh...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““And I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in yourAnd I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in your
affai...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““Verily, I am leaving behind me for you all, whosoeverVerily, I am leaving behind me for you all, whosoever
clings to the...
 We must be very careful not to fabricate any lies, attributing orWe must be very careful not to fabricate any lies, attr...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““And upon thee (too) have We bestowed from onAnd upon thee (too) have We bestowed from on
high this reminder,high this re...
103
((Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 2 : 43Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 2 : 43))
But the Qur’an does not provide the detail, thus the Prop...
104
““ .....and be constant in ‘as-Swolah’.....and be constant in ‘as-Swolah’
(that is the fixed obligatory daily prayer)…...
105
……(it means)(it means) ::
““thethe wayway ... or ... the... or ... the lawlaw ““
It is usually used to indicate the pr...
106
……(it means)(it means) ::
““the way ... or ... the law “the way ... or ... the law “
HADITH REGARDING ‘HADITH REGARDIN...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
108
Prophet (pbuh) taught by :Prophet (pbuh) taught by :
(1)(1) Verbal teachingVerbal teaching
(2)(2) Written mediumWritte...
109
……(Plural is “(Plural is “AHADITHAHADITH” - it means)” - it means) ::
““thethe newsnews , the, the reportreport ..or ....
110
It contains two parts :It contains two parts :
((chainchain of narrators of the report)of narrators of the report)
(th...
111
Example of HadithExample of Hadith Imam BukharyImam Bukhary -reported-reported
fromfrom MusaMusa
fromfrom Abu ‘AwanahA...
112
ISNAD
MATN
Example of HadithExample of Hadith Imam BukharyImam Bukhary -reported-reported
fromfrom MusaMusa
fromfrom A...
113
According to the number of “According to the number of “IsnadIsnad””
MUTAWWATIRMUTAWWATIR
a “a “SunnahSunnah” reported...
Al-Bukhary
Musa
Abu ‘Awanah
Abu Hussain
Abu Hurairah
Muslim
Ali al-Hidir
Ali b Mushir
Muhammad b Qais
Ali b Rabi’ah
Al-Mug...
Al-Bukhary
Musa
Abu ‘Awanah
Abu Hussain
Abu Hurairah
Muslim
Ali al-Hidir
Ali b Mushir
Muhammad b Qais
Ali b Rabi’ah
Al-Mug...
116
According to the number of “According to the number of “IsnadIsnad””
MUTAWWATIRMUTAWWATIR
a “a “SunnahSunnah” reported...
117
According to the number of “According to the number of “IsnadIsnad””
MUTAWWATIRMUTAWWATIR AHADAHAD
a “a “SunnahSunnah”...
THE RATIONALE:
“THE STRENGTH OF A CHAIN IS AT THE WEAKEST LINK”
“Therefore if only one link (narrator) in a report is weak...
THE RATIONALE:
“AN OBJECT MUST ALSO BE SUPPORTED BY AT LEAST ONE
OTHER SEPARATE CHAIN TO BE REGARDED SAFE AND RELIABLE”
“T...
THE RATIONALE:
“A CHAIN MUST BE CONTINUOUSLY LINKED TO THE
SOURCE OF WHICH IT IS SUPPOSED TO BE CONNECTED”
“Therefore a re...
121
Further categorization of “Further categorization of “AHADAHAD” hadith” hadith
on the basis of number of Chains.on the...
Al-‘ilm al-Jarh wa al-Ta’dilAl-‘ilm al-Jarh wa al-Ta’dil
(The knowledge of invalidating and(The knowledge of invalidating ...
123
Ahadith which are “Ahadith which are “MASH-HURMASH-HUR” or “” or “AZIZAZIZ ““
MaqbulMaqbul
(Accepted)(Accepted)
Shahih...
124
Due to defects of the narrator.
Due to discontinuity in the chain.
Due to incidental reasons.
All Rights Reserved© Zhu...
125
Continuity of the chain
Integrity of the transmitter (narrator)
Soundness of narrator’s memory
Conformity to stronger ...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
127
Not contrary to Qur’an & authentic Ahadith
Not illogical, against common law
Not out of proportion
Not containing too ...
128
As-As-SSaahhiihh -- Imam BukharyImam Bukhary
Al-Musnad as-Al-Musnad as- SSaahhiihh - Imam Muslim- Imam Muslim
SunanSun...
129
AL-MUWATHA’AL-MUWATHA’ -- Imam Malik ibn AnasImam Malik ibn Anas
AL-MUSNADAL-MUSNAD - Imam Abu Hanifa- Imam Abu Hanifa...
“O Allah, bless, grant peace and blessings to our master
Muhammad, Your Prophet and Messenger, and to our
master Ibrahim, ...
... the best of Your creation, Your pure ones, elite and
awliya' from the people of Your earth and heaven.
May Allah bless...
ACCEPT THIS FROM US O ALLAH! AND INCLUDE US ANDACCEPT THIS FROM US O ALLAH! AND INCLUDE US AND
OUR FAMILY AND LOVED ONES, ...
http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/
http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introduct...
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[Slideshare] fardh'ain(january-2014-batch)lesson #7-(arkanul-iiman-believe-in-his-messengers)-21-march-2014

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[Slideshare] fardh'ain(january-2014-batch)lesson #7-(arkanul-iiman-believe-in-his-messengers)-21-march-2014

  1. 1. Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” IT CAN ALSO BE AIT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSEREFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS,FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, INEDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARYCONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE.SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALLOPEN TO ALL 1 UPDATED 21 MARCH 2014UPDATED 21 MARCH 2014 Every Friday night @Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road,Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid#02-00 next to Masjid KassimKassim All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL ““ARKAAN AL-IIMAN”ARKAAN AL-IIMAN” Articles of Faith / BeliefArticles of Faith / Belief ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”ISLAM” Lessons onLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsFardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL LESSON # 7 LESSON # 7 BELIEVE IN HISBELIEVE IN HIS MESSENGERS (PROPHETS)MESSENGERS (PROPHETS)
  2. 2. (The basic message of Islam)(The basic message of Islam) FARDHU’AINFARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY: CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOKLESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK ““Beginners’ Manual on IslamBeginners’ Manual on Islam”” 2 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  3. 3. ““Allah”Allah” :: Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refersArabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lordto the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – thereSustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah.is none besides Allah. No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  4. 4. ““Muhammad s.a.a.w.”Muhammad s.a.a.w.” :: Arabic name meaning “Arabic name meaning “thethe Praised OnePraised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet,”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaitedthe servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be noSeal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent.more prophet sent. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  6. 6. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: Bear witness that there isBear witness that there is none deserving of worshipnone deserving of worship except Allah, and thatexcept Allah, and that Muhammad is His servantMuhammad is His servant and Messenger.and Messenger. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  7. 7. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: And to establish SwolahAnd to establish Swolah (the obligatory five daily(the obligatory five daily worship or specificworship or specific devotion).devotion). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  8. 8. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: And to pay the ZakahAnd to pay the Zakah (obligatory tax upon the(obligatory tax upon the wealth).wealth). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  9. 9. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: And to make pilgrimageAnd to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (Ka’ba(Hajj) to the House (Ka’ba in Makkah) if you are able.in Makkah) if you are able. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  10. 10. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: And to observe fastingAnd to observe fasting daily in the month ofdaily in the month of Ramadhan.Ramadhan. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  11. 11. .....“Tell me about iiman (Faith/Belief)” (Belief) iiman is that(Belief) iiman is that you:you: Solemnly believe in Allah;Solemnly believe in Allah; His angels;His angels; His Books,His Books, His Messengers;His Messengers; In the Afterlife;In the Afterlife; In the Decree, the good &In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (thebad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of)eternal knowledge of) Allah;Allah; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  12. 12. ““Al-Ihsan” (excellence) is:Al-Ihsan” (excellence) is: ... That you serve (worship)... That you serve (worship) Allah as though you seeAllah as though you see Him, but if you do not seeHim, but if you do not see Him, He (Allah) sees you.”Him, He (Allah) sees you.” ........ “ Tell me about ‘Al-........ “ Tell me about ‘Al- Ihsan’- (the Best orIhsan’- (the Best or Righteous conduct orRighteous conduct or Excellence)”Excellence)” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  13. 13. IIMANIIMAN BeliefBelief FaithFaith ConvictionConviction IHSANIHSAN Best orBest or RighteousRighteous ConductConduct ‘‘AMALAMAL [Islam][Islam] SubmissionSubmission ObedienceObedience PracticePractice Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith isFaith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy.mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSANTogether, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t.which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submissionThus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).to the Will of Allah (as Muslim). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  14. 14. THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHHEED)EED) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  15. 15.  IIMANIIMAN is “Belief or Faith” to something beyond sense perception, termed as “ - al-ghayb” meaning “the unseen”.  It is derived from the root word “ ” which also means “safety, peace, security, protection”  It denote: “certainty of the ultimate truth”, adherence to it instils sense of “security in him” from doubts, uncertainty, restlessness etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  16. 16.  Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Believe or faith must be with knowledge. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  17. 17. "And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou"And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sighthast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to accountand heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day).“for it (on Judgement Day).“ ((Q: Bani Israil : 17 :36Q: Bani Israil : 17 :36))  Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Must be with knowledge. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  18. 18.  Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Must be with knowledge.  Three sources for knowledge: [1] Five sensory perceptions - ; [2] Reasoning - ; [3] True report - ; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  19. 19. (The Detailed Belief)(The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman“Al-iiman is that you:is that you:  Solemnly believe in Allah;Solemnly believe in Allah;  His angels;His angels;  His Books,His Books,  His Messengers;His Messengers;  In the Afterlife;In the Afterlife;  In the Decree, the good & bad, all comesIn the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allahfrom (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.”Most Exalted.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  20. 20. (The Detailed Belief)(The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman“Al-iiman is that you:is that you:  Solemnly believe in Allah;Solemnly believe in Allah;  His angels;His angels;  His Books,His Books,  His Messengers;His Messengers;  In the Afterlife;In the Afterlife;  In the Decree, the good & bad, all comesIn the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allahfrom (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.”Most Exalted.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  21. 21. THE FOURTH ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGINGTHE FOURTH ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTAUHHEEDEED)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  22. 22. THE FOURTH ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGINGTHE FOURTH ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTAUHHEEDEED)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL LESSON # 7 LESSON # 7 ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail TOPIC ON 21 MARCH 2014TOPIC ON 21 MARCH 2014
  23. 23. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  24. 24. ““And verily We have raised in every nation a messenger,And verily We have raised in every nation a messenger, (proclaiming): ‘Serve Allah and shun false gods.’ Then some(proclaiming): ‘Serve Allah and shun false gods.’ Then some of them (there were) whom Allah guided, and some of themof them (there were) whom Allah guided, and some of them (there were) upon whom error had just hold.(there were) upon whom error had just hold. Do but travel in the land and see the nature of theDo but travel in the land and see the nature of the consequence for the deniers!”consequence for the deniers!” ((Qur’an: An-Nahl: 16:36Qur’an: An-Nahl: 16:36)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  25. 25. ““And Allah will not mislead a people after He hath guided them,And Allah will not mislead a people after He hath guided them, until He makes clear to them what to fear (and avoid)― for Allahuntil He makes clear to them what to fear (and avoid)― for Allah hath knowledge of all things.”hath knowledge of all things.” ((Qur’an: Taubah: 9:115Qur’an: Taubah: 9:115)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  26. 26. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  27. 27. ““ Who receives guidance, receives it for his own benefit: who goesWho receives guidance, receives it for his own benefit: who goes astray doth so to his own loss: no bearer of burdens can bear theastray doth so to his own loss: no bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another: nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We hadburden of another: nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We had sent an messenger (to give warning).sent an messenger (to give warning). When We decide to destroy a population, We (first) send a definiteWhen We decide to destroy a population, We (first) send a definite order to those among them who are given the good things of this lifeorder to those among them who are given the good things of this life and yet transgress; so that the word is proved true against them:and yet transgress; so that the word is proved true against them: then We destroy them utterly.”then We destroy them utterly.” ((Qur’an: al-Isra: 17:15-16Qur’an: al-Isra: 17:15-16)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  28. 28. Everyone of us has certain basic questions withinEveryone of us has certain basic questions within ourselves:ourselves: ““Why have we been created?”Why have we been created?” ““What is the purpose of my being here in this world?”What is the purpose of my being here in this world?” ““Why do people die?”Why do people die?” ““Does it end here?”Does it end here?” ““ Where will we go to after death?” ... etc.Where will we go to after death?” ... etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  29. 29. Some may ignore these questions, yet they are still inSome may ignore these questions, yet they are still in us and we will have to seek the Truth regarding thisus and we will have to seek the Truth regarding this matter – sooner or later.matter – sooner or later. Man’s limited knowledge of Reality, would not beMan’s limited knowledge of Reality, would not be able to fathom this mystery.able to fathom this mystery. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  30. 30. Only AllahOnly Allah s.w.t.s.w.t. the Creator of every creation knowsthe Creator of every creation knows the truth and Reality of our existence, the reason forthe truth and Reality of our existence, the reason for our being created and our destiny.our being created and our destiny. Ever since AdamEver since Adam a.sa.s., mankind has been promised by., mankind has been promised by Allah, guidance from Him. This is through His sendingAllah, guidance from Him. This is through His sending of the Prophets and Messengers from Him.of the Prophets and Messengers from Him. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  31. 31. We do acknowledge a category of people whoWe do acknowledge a category of people who discover “discover “LawsLaws” in nature and regard them as reliable” in nature and regard them as reliable and their findings learnt, applied and continue to beand their findings learnt, applied and continue to be taught.taught. These are the people gifted with insights and inspiredThese are the people gifted with insights and inspired with knowledge of the physical world. We call themwith knowledge of the physical world. We call them ““ScientistsScientists”.”. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  32. 32. Yet there is another category of people, who came inYet there is another category of people, who came in different place and time, yet all claimed to havedifferent place and time, yet all claimed to have received Divine communication, asserted similarreceived Divine communication, asserted similar universal message of God, of man’s moral obligation,universal message of God, of man’s moral obligation, of the life in Hereafter etc.of the life in Hereafter etc. They delivered a message which transcend knowledgeThey delivered a message which transcend knowledge of this physical world, inviting mankind towards Faithof this physical world, inviting mankind towards Faith in the One God. These are the “in the One God. These are the “ProphetsProphets.”.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  33. 33. The word “Nabi” means “prophet” refers to a male person who receives divine inspiration, to assist them in guiding the people based upon code of life which had already been conveyed by earlier Messengers (Rasul). Word “Word “RasulRasul” means a” means a “Messenger”, it refers to“Messenger”, it refers to a “a “NabiNabi” who were” who were tasked to convey a newtasked to convey a new message, code of life tomessage, code of life to the people,the people, complementing andcomplementing and superseding what hadsuperseding what had came before.came before. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  34. 34. So not every “Nabi” is a “Rasul”; whereas all “Rasul” must also be a “Nabi”. According to a tradition,According to a tradition, Allah has sent 124,000Allah has sent 124,000 Prophets (Prophets (Anbiya’Anbiya’).). And verily We have raised in everyAnd verily We have raised in every nation a messenger,”nation a messenger,” ((Qur’an: an-Nahl: 16: 36Qur’an: an-Nahl: 16: 36)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  35. 35. ADAMADAM IDRISIDRIS NUHNUH HUDHUD SALIHSALIH AdamAdam EnochEnoch NoahNoah HeberHeber MethuselahMethuselah NAMES IN THE QUR’AN PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  36. 36. IBRAHIMIBRAHIM ISMA’ILISMA’IL ISHAQISHAQ LUTLUT YA’KUBYA’KUB AbrahamAbraham IshmaelIshmael IsaacIsaac LotLot JacobJacob NAMES IN THE QUR’AN PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  37. 37. YUSUFYUSUF SHU’AIBSHU’AIB AYUBAYUB MUSAMUSA HARUNHARUN JosephJoseph JethroJethro JobJob MosesMoses AaronAaron NAMES IN THE QUR’AN PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  38. 38. DZULKIFLIDZULKIFLI DAWUDDAWUD SULAIMANSULAIMAN ILYASILYAS ALYASA’ALYASA’ EzekielEzekiel DavidDavid SolomonSolomon EliasElias ElijahElijah NAMES IN THE QUR’AN PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  39. 39. YUNUSYUNUS ZAKARIYYAZAKARIYYA YAHYAYAHYA ‘‘ISAISA MUHAMMADMUHAMMAD JonahJonah ZachariahZachariah John the BaptistJohn the Baptist JesusJesus NAMES IN THE QUR’AN PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  40. 40. NUHNUH IBRAHIMIBRAHIM MUSAMUSA ‘‘ISAISA MUHAMMADMUHAMMAD NoahNoah AbrahamAbraham MosesMoses JesusJesus He is “He is “the Seal of Prophethoodthe Seal of Prophethood”,”, ““the Awaited and Chosen Onethe Awaited and Chosen One”,”, the “the “Leader of all the MessengersLeader of all the Messengers of Allahof Allah..”” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  41. 41. SIDDIQ AMANAH TABLIGH FATONAHFATONAH TRUTHFUL TRUSTWORTHY CONVEYING WISE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  42. 42. MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE Meaning “preserved, protected from sinning against Allah”, although they all have human frailties and weaknesses. We reject all falsehood and slander made or even insinuated against every prophets of Allah, upholding their honour and dignity. Especially those found in the Bible. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  43. 43. MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE This because Allah s.w.t. said: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  44. 44. ““And We made them (Prophets as) leaders, guiding (men) byAnd We made them (Prophets as) leaders, guiding (men) by Our Command, and We sent them inspiration to do goodOur Command, and We sent them inspiration to do good deeds, to establish regular prayers, and to practise regulardeeds, to establish regular prayers, and to practise regular charity; and they constantly served Us (and Us only).”charity; and they constantly served Us (and Us only).” ((Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 73Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 73)) MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE This because Allah s.w.t. said: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  45. 45. MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE This because Allah s.w.t. said: ““No prophet could (ever) be false to his trust.”No prophet could (ever) be false to his trust.” ((Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 3: 161Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 3: 161)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  46. 46. MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE This because Allah s.w.t. said: ““Now await in patience the command of thy Lord:Now await in patience the command of thy Lord: for verily thou artfor verily thou art in our eyes (constantly watched and preserved)in our eyes (constantly watched and preserved): and celebrate the: and celebrate the praises of thy Lord the while thou standest forth.”praises of thy Lord the while thou standest forth.” ((Qur’an: Tur: 52: 48Qur’an: Tur: 52: 48)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  47. 47. MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  48. 48. MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE ““And remember We took from the Prophets their Covenant:And remember We took from the Prophets their Covenant: and from thee: from Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, theand from thee: from Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, the son of Mary:son of Mary: We took from them a solemn Covenant: ThatWe took from them a solemn Covenant: That (Allah) may question the (Custodians) of Truth concerning(Allah) may question the (Custodians) of Truth concerning the Truth they (were charged with):the Truth they (were charged with): and He has preparedand He has prepared for the Unbelievers a grievous Penalty.”for the Unbelievers a grievous Penalty.” ((Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 7-8Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 7-8)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  49. 49. MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE Their messengers said to them: "Their messengers said to them: "True, we are human like yourselves,True, we are human like yourselves, but Allah doth grant His grace to such of His servants as He pleasesbut Allah doth grant His grace to such of His servants as He pleases. It. It is not for us to bring you an authority except as Allah permits.is not for us to bring you an authority except as Allah permits. ((Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 11Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 11)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  50. 50. MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  51. 51. MA’SUMMA’SUM – INFALLIBLE– INFALLIBLE ““Verily We have granted thee aVerily We have granted thee a manifest Victorymanifest Victory: That Allah: That Allah maymay forgiveforgive thee thy faults of the past and those to follow;thee thy faults of the past and those to follow; fulfilfulfil His favour to thee; andHis favour to thee; and guideguide thee on the Straightthee on the Straight Way;”Way;” ((Qur’an: Fathu: 48: 1-2Qur’an: Fathu: 48: 1-2)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  52. 52. MIRACLESMIRACLES The term used for this in Islam is “The term used for this in Islam is “khawariq al-aa-dahkhawariq al-aa-dah” –” – meaning “meaning “breaking from the normal order.breaking from the normal order.” So, the term” So, the term ““miraclemiracle” is general; to include many kinds which can be” is general; to include many kinds which can be demonstrated by all kinds of people. Islam even warndemonstrated by all kinds of people. Islam even warn Muslims not to generalize as though all types ofMuslims not to generalize as though all types of ““miraclesmiracles” are therefore also “” are therefore also “mu’-jizatmu’-jizat”.”. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  53. 53. MU’-JIZAT Karomah Al-Ma-’unah Istidraj NabiyNabiy && RasulRasul (Prophets and(Prophets and Messengers of Allah.)Messengers of Allah.) AwliyyaAwliyya (Saints).(Saints). Mu’mineenMu’mineen (Believers)(Believers) Others, especially the unbelieversOthers, especially the unbelievers & those practicing sorcery.& those practicing sorcery. PERTAINING TO : All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  54. 54. ALLAA-HUM-MA – IN – NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BI-KA – MI-NAL-MAK-RIALLAA-HUM-MA – IN – NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BI-KA – MI-NAL-MAK-RI WAL – IS- TID - RAAJ – MIN – HAI –WAL – IS- TID - RAAJ – MIN – HAI – THTHU – LAA – ASH- ‘U-RUU – LAA – ASH- ‘U-RU IN-NA-KA – JA-WAA – DUN – KA – REE-MIN-NA-KA – JA-WAA – DUN – KA – REE-M ““O Allah! I seek refuge in You from entrapment (O Allah! I seek refuge in You from entrapment (MAKARMAKAR)) and subtle deception (and subtle deception (ISTIDRAJISTIDRAJ) from wherever I am unaware of.) from wherever I am unaware of. Verily You (O Allah who) is Most Generous, the Most Noble.”Verily You (O Allah who) is Most Generous, the Most Noble.” Among the supplications practiced and taught by my teacher from:Among the supplications practiced and taught by my teacher from: Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-HaddadImam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad ((rahimahullahrahimahullah) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets.) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  55. 55. MU’JIZATMU’JIZAT From the wordFrom the word ““i’-jazi’-jaz”” meaning tomeaning to “bring low”“bring low” – refers to– refers to extra-ordinary capability given to prophets by Allah, asextra-ordinary capability given to prophets by Allah, as Signs or proof of their Prophet hood.Signs or proof of their Prophet hood. Usually, it would approximate and challenge what peopleUsually, it would approximate and challenge what people of the time had already regarded to be the most fantastic.of the time had already regarded to be the most fantastic. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  56. 56. ““Not a messenger did We send before thee withoutNot a messenger did We send before thee without this inspiration sent by Us to him:this inspiration sent by Us to him: ‘that there is no god‘that there is no god but I; therefore worship and serve Me.’but I; therefore worship and serve Me.’ ”” ((Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 25Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 25)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  57. 57. ““For We have never sent any MessengerFor We have never sent any Messenger except thatexcept that he should be heeded (obeyed)he should be heeded (obeyed) by Allah’s leave”.by Allah’s leave”. ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 64Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 64)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  58. 58. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  59. 59. For We assuredly sent amongst every People aFor We assuredly sent amongst every People a messenger, (with the Command) "messenger, (with the Command) "Serve Allah, andServe Allah, and eschew Evileschew Evil": of the people were some whom Allah": of the people were some whom Allah guided, and some on whom Error became inevitablyguided, and some on whom Error became inevitably (established).(established). So travel through the earth, and see what was the endSo travel through the earth, and see what was the end of those who denied (the Truth).”of those who denied (the Truth).” ((Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 36Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 36)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  60. 60. ““Likewise did We make for every Messenger an enemy,― evilLikewise did We make for every Messenger an enemy,― evil ones men and Jinns, inspiring each other with flowery discoursesones men and Jinns, inspiring each other with flowery discourses by way of deception. If thy Lord had so willed, they would notby way of deception. If thy Lord had so willed, they would not have done it: so leave them and their inventions alone.”have done it: so leave them and their inventions alone.” ((Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 112Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 112)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  61. 61. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  62. 62. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  63. 63. And remember Jesus, the son of Mary, said: "O Children ofAnd remember Jesus, the son of Mary, said: "O Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allah (sent) to youIsrael! I am the Messenger of Allah (sent) to you confirming the Law (which came) before me, andconfirming the Law (which came) before me, and givinggiving glad Tidings of an Messenger to come after me, whoseglad Tidings of an Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad (Praised one)name shall be Ahmad (Praised one)."." But when he came to them with Clear Signs they saidBut when he came to them with Clear Signs they said "This is evident sorcery!""This is evident sorcery!" ((Qur’an: Saff: 61: 6Qur’an: Saff: 61: 6)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  64. 64. (Jesus is recorded to have said)(Jesus is recorded to have said) ““ ThinkThink not that I have come to abolish the Law and the Prophetsnot that I have come to abolish the Law and the Prophets; I; I have come not to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly I say tohave come not to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will passyou, till heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass away from the Law until all is accomplished.”away from the Law until all is accomplished.” ((Matthews: 5: 17-20Matthews: 5: 17-20)) COINCIDENTAL or CORROBORATION? All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  65. 65. COINCIDENTAL or CORROBORATION? (Jesus is also recorded to have said)(Jesus is also recorded to have said) ““ I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear.I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. But when he,But when he, the Spirit of Truththe Spirit of Truth, comes, he will guide you into all, comes, he will guide you into all truth.truth. He will not speak on his own; he will only speak what heHe will not speak on his own; he will only speak what he hearshears, and he will, and he will tell you of what is yet to cometell you of what is yet to come. He. He will bringwill bring glory to me by taking from what is mine and making it knownglory to me by taking from what is mine and making it known toto you….”you….” ((John: 16: 7-14John: 16: 7-14)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  66. 66. COINCIDENTAL or CORROBORATION? ““Jesus said to them :Jesus said to them : ‘‘Have you never read in the scriptures:Have you never read in the scriptures: ““The stone the builders rejected has become the capstone”;The stone the builders rejected has become the capstone”; The Lord has done this, and it is marvelous in our eyes.The Lord has done this, and it is marvelous in our eyes. ThereforeTherefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away fromI tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce its fruityou and given to a people who will produce its fruit. He who falls on. He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will bethis stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed.”crushed.” ((Matthews: 21: 42-44Matthews: 21: 42-44)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  67. 67. THE PROPHET S.A.A.W. SAID: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  68. 68. ““The likeness of me and the other Prophets is similar to thatThe likeness of me and the other Prophets is similar to that of a man who built a house and perfectly decorated it exceptof a man who built a house and perfectly decorated it except for a space of one brick. The people used to go round thisfor a space of one brick. The people used to go round this house, wonder and say, ‘If only this missing brick were puthouse, wonder and say, ‘If only this missing brick were put in!’in!’ Thus, I am that brick and I am the Last of the Prophets.”Thus, I am that brick and I am the Last of the Prophets.” ((Hadith agreed upon by Bukhary and MuslimHadith agreed upon by Bukhary and Muslim)) THE PROPHET S.A.A.W. SAID: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  69. 69. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  70. 70. ““O People of the Scripture, there has come to you OurO People of the Scripture, there has come to you Our Messenger making clear to you much of what you usedMessenger making clear to you much of what you used to conceal of the Scripture and overlooking much. Thereto conceal of the Scripture and overlooking much. There has come to you from Allah a light and a clear Book.”has come to you from Allah a light and a clear Book.” ((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 15Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 15)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  71. 71. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  72. 72. ““O people of the Book! now hath come unto you, makingO people of the Book! now hath come unto you, making (things) clear unto you, Our Messenger (Muhammad)(things) clear unto you, Our Messenger (Muhammad) after the break in (the series of) Our Messengers, lest yeafter the break in (the series of) Our Messengers, lest ye should say: there came unto us no bringer of glad tidingsshould say: there came unto us no bringer of glad tidings and no Warner (from evil): but now hath come unto youand no Warner (from evil): but now hath come unto you a bringer of glad tidings and a Warner (from evil): anda bringer of glad tidings and a Warner (from evil): and Allah hath power over all things.”Allah hath power over all things.” ((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 19Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 19)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  73. 73. “ Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things.” (Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 40) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  74. 74. ““And I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in yourAnd I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in your affairs (of this religion), whosoever holdfast to them shallaffairs (of this religion), whosoever holdfast to them shall never be led astray – (these are) thenever be led astray – (these are) the Book of AllahBook of Allah andand thethe SunnahSunnah (Way or tradition) of His Messenger.”(Way or tradition) of His Messenger.” ((From Sermon reported by Ibnu Hisham in his “Seerah”From Sermon reported by Ibnu Hisham in his “Seerah”)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  75. 75. ““(Honour) My successors, may Allah s.w.t. be Merciful towards(Honour) My successors, may Allah s.w.t. be Merciful towards them!.” He was asked: “Who are your successors O Messengerthem!.” He was asked: “Who are your successors O Messenger of Allah?” And he said: “They are those who revive myof Allah?” And he said: “They are those who revive my SunnahSunnah and teaches them to the servants of Allah.”and teaches them to the servants of Allah.” ((Hadith of the Prophet s.a.wHadith of the Prophet s.a.w.).) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  76. 76. ““ This day have I perfected your religion for (O Muhammad),This day have I perfected your religion for (O Muhammad), completed my favour upon you, and have chosen for youcompleted my favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.”Islam as your religion.” ((Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 3Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 3)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  77. 77. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  78. 78. ““ O ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the MessengerO ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those charged with authority among you.and those charged with authority among you. If ye differIf ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and Hisin anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger if ye do believe in Allah and the Last DayMessenger if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day:: that is best, and most suitable for final determination.”that is best, and most suitable for final determination.” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 59Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 59)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  79. 79. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  80. 80. “Now whenever Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, it is not for a believing man or a believing woman to claim freedom of choice insofar as they themselves are concerned; for he who (thus) rebels against Allah and His Messenger has already, most obviously, gone astray.” ((Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 36Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 36)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  81. 81. THE PROPHET S.A.A.W. SAID: ““By Allah!(I swear), even if Musa is alive and present inBy Allah!(I swear), even if Musa is alive and present in your midst, he can have no option except that he mustyour midst, he can have no option except that he must follow me (my teachings).”follow me (my teachings).” ((Hadith narrated by Jabir r.aHadith narrated by Jabir r.a.).) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  82. 82. ““ O ye who believe!O ye who believe! Give your response to AllahGive your response to Allah and His Messenger, when He calls youand His Messenger, when He calls you to thatto that which will give you life”which will give you life” ((Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 24Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 24)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  83. 83. ““The purpose of theThe purpose of the Qur’anQur’an is for invitation (is for invitation (Da’wahDa’wah -calling)-calling) to all the creation (to all the creation (KhalqiKhalqi) to (the worship of the One)) to (the worship of the One) TrueTrue God (Al-Haqq)God (Al-Haqq), and to enter (, and to enter (DukhuuliDukhuuli) into (a transaction by) into (a transaction by adhering to) Hisadhering to) His DeenDeen (religion of Islam).”(religion of Islam).” IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL AN-NASEEHAH ““Sincere advice”Sincere advice” - Ibn Juazayy al-Kalbi rahmatullaahi ‘alayh- Ibn Juazayy al-Kalbi rahmatullaahi ‘alayh. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  84. 84.   “ “Certainly did Allah confer [great] favour upon the Certainly did Allah confer [great] favour upon the  believers when He sent among them a Messenger believers when He sent among them a Messenger  ((MuhammadMuhammad) from among themselves) from among themselves” (Qur’an:  Surah Aali ‘Imran: 3: 164) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL AN-NASEEHAH Sincere Advice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER
  85. 85. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  86. 86. “He it is who has sent unto the unlettered people a messengerHe it is who has sent unto the unlettered people a messenger from among themselves, tofrom among themselves, to (YAT-LU-’ALAY-HIM – AA-YAA-TIHI)(YAT-LU-’ALAY-HIM – AA-YAA-TIHI) convey unto them His messages,convey unto them His messages, and toand to (YUZAK-KII-HIM)(YUZAK-KII-HIM) causecause them to grow in puritythem to grow in purity, and to, and to (YU-’AL-LI-MUHUM)(YU-’AL-LI-MUHUM) impart untoimpart unto them the divine writthem the divine writ (AL-KITAB)(AL-KITAB) as wellas well (AL-HIKMAH)(AL-HIKMAH) as wisdomas wisdom -- whereas before that they were indeed, most obviously, lost inwhereas before that they were indeed, most obviously, lost in error -error - As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62:2- 3) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  87. 87. ““And thus have We willed you to be a community of theAnd thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way (middle way (UMMATA WASOTANUMMATA WASOTAN) [i.e. justly balanced], so) [i.e. justly balanced], so that [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truththat [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truth before all mankind (before all mankind (SHUHADAA-I -’ALAN-NAASSHUHADAA-I -’ALAN-NAAS) , and the) , and the Messenger as a witness over you.“Messenger as a witness over you.“ (Qur’an: Baqarah 2:143(Qur’an: Baqarah 2:143)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  88. 88. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  89. 89. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  90. 90. ““All who obey Allah and the Messenger are in the company ofAll who obey Allah and the Messenger are in the company of those on whom is the Grace of Allah― of the Prophets (whothose on whom is the Grace of Allah― of the Prophets (who teach) the sincere (lovers of Truth), the witnesses (who testify),teach) the sincere (lovers of Truth), the witnesses (who testify), and the Righteous (who do good): ah! How a beautifuland the Righteous (who do good): ah! How a beautiful fellowship!fellowship! Such is the Bounty from Allah: and sufficient is it that AllahSuch is the Bounty from Allah: and sufficient is it that Allah knows all.”knows all.” ((Qur’an: an-Nisa: 4: 69-70Qur’an: an-Nisa: 4: 69-70)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  91. 91. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  92. 92. ““ ... and... and neither does he (Muhammad) speak out of hisneither does he (Muhammad) speak out of his own desire: that [which he conveys to you] is but [aown desire: that [which he conveys to you] is but [a divine] inspiration with which he is being inspireddivine] inspiration with which he is being inspired –– something that a very mighty one has imparted to him:”something that a very mighty one has imparted to him:” ((Qur’an: Najm: 53: 3-5Qur’an: Najm: 53: 3-5)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  93. 93. ““He it is who has sent unto the unlettered peopleHe it is who has sent unto the unlettered people a messengera messenger from among themselves, to convey unto them His messages, andfrom among themselves, to convey unto them His messages, and to cause them to grow in purity, and to impart unto them theto cause them to grow in purity, and to impart unto them the divine writ as well as wisdom -divine writ as well as wisdom - whereas before that they werewhereas before that they were indeed, most obviously, lost in errorindeed, most obviously, lost in error”” ((Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  94. 94. “Hence, accept [willingly] whatever the Messenger gives you [thereof], and refrain from [demanding] anything that he withholds from you; and remain conscious of Allah: for, verily, Allah is severe in retribution.” (Qur’an: Hashr: 59: 7) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  95. 95. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  96. 96. ““And I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in yourAnd I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in your affairs (of this religion), whosoever holdfast to them shallaffairs (of this religion), whosoever holdfast to them shall never be led astray – (these are) thenever be led astray – (these are) the Book of AllahBook of Allah andand thethe SunnahSunnah (Way or tradition) of His Messenger.”(Way or tradition) of His Messenger.” ((From Sermon reported by Ibnu Hisham in his “Seerah”From Sermon reported by Ibnu Hisham in his “Seerah”)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  97. 97. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  98. 98. ““Verily, I am leaving behind me for you all, whosoeverVerily, I am leaving behind me for you all, whosoever clings to them shall never be astray after this till theclings to them shall never be astray after this till the hereafter :-the Book of Allah - the rope stretched fromhereafter :-the Book of Allah - the rope stretched from heaven to the earth;heaven to the earth; and my ‘and my ‘itrahitrah’ [progeny] from my Household – These two’ [progeny] from my Household – These two will never be separated from each other until they returnwill never be separated from each other until they return upon the Pool (in Paradise).upon the Pool (in Paradise). See that you do not differ from (the guidance of) these twoSee that you do not differ from (the guidance of) these two after me.”after me.” ((Hadith reported by TirmidziHadith reported by Tirmidzi)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  99. 99.  We must be very careful not to fabricate any lies, attributing orWe must be very careful not to fabricate any lies, attributing or repeating unverified reports containing lies of what seemed torepeating unverified reports containing lies of what seemed to bebe AhadithAhadith (perhaps in our ignorance), to our Prophet s.a.w. In(perhaps in our ignorance), to our Prophet s.a.w. In one “one “mutawatirmutawatir ” Hadith he warns:” Hadith he warns: ““Whosoever (intentionally) fabricates a lie (in my name)Whosoever (intentionally) fabricates a lie (in my name) against me, let him seek his place (of abode)against me, let him seek his place (of abode) in the Fire (of Hell).”in the Fire (of Hell).” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary, Muslim, Darimi,Hadith reported by Bukhary, Muslim, Darimi, Abu Dawud, Ibnu Majah, Tirmidzi, Abu Hanifa,Abu Dawud, Ibnu Majah, Tirmidzi, Abu Hanifa, At-Thayalisi, at-Tabarani and al-HakimAt-Thayalisi, at-Tabarani and al-Hakim)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  100. 100. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  101. 101. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  102. 102. ““And upon thee (too) have We bestowed from onAnd upon thee (too) have We bestowed from on high this reminder,high this reminder, so that thou (Muhammad) mightso that thou (Muhammad) might make clear unto mankind all that has ever been thusmake clear unto mankind all that has ever been thus bestowed upon thembestowed upon them, and that they might take, and that they might take thought.thought. ((Qur’an : An-Nahl : 16: 44Qur’an : An-Nahl : 16: 44)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  103. 103. 103 ((Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 2 : 43Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 2 : 43)) But the Qur’an does not provide the detail, thus the Prophet (pbuh) said :But the Qur’an does not provide the detail, thus the Prophet (pbuh) said : All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  104. 104. 104 ““ .....and be constant in ‘as-Swolah’.....and be constant in ‘as-Swolah’ (that is the fixed obligatory daily prayer)…”(that is the fixed obligatory daily prayer)…” ((Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 2 : 43Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 2 : 43)) But the Qur’an does not provide the detail, thus the Prophet (pbuh) said :But the Qur’an does not provide the detail, thus the Prophet (pbuh) said : ““Establish ‘as-Swolah’ as you see me do”Establish ‘as-Swolah’ as you see me do” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  105. 105. 105 ……(it means)(it means) :: ““thethe wayway ... or ... the... or ... the lawlaw ““ It is usually used to indicate the practice or the teachingsIt is usually used to indicate the practice or the teachings of our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and are divided into :of our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and are divided into : Qau-liyyahQau-liyyah (sayings)(sayings) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) TaqririyyahTaqririyyah (consent)(consent) Fi’liyyahFi’liyyah (actions)(actions) HammiyyahHammiyyah (resolve)(resolve)
  106. 106. 106 ……(it means)(it means) :: ““the way ... or ... the law “the way ... or ... the law “ HADITH REGARDING ‘HADITH REGARDING ‘SUNNAH QAULIYYAHSUNNAH QAULIYYAH’’ IS GENERALLY DIVIDED INTO TYPESIS GENERALLY DIVIDED INTO TYPES HADITH QUDSI HADITH NABAWWIYHADITH QUDSI HADITH NABAWWIY Direct statement of the ProphetDirect statement of the Prophet The Prophet saying but heThe Prophet saying but he indicates the quote to be God’sindicates the quote to be God’s words which are other thanwords which are other than those in Qur’anthose in Qur’an All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  107. 107. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  108. 108. 108 Prophet (pbuh) taught by :Prophet (pbuh) taught by : (1)(1) Verbal teachingVerbal teaching (2)(2) Written mediumWritten medium (dictation to scribes)(dictation to scribes) (3)(3) Practical demonstrationPractical demonstration All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  109. 109. 109 ……(Plural is “(Plural is “AHADITHAHADITH” - it means)” - it means) :: ““thethe newsnews , the, the reportreport ..or ....or .. narrationnarration““ It is usually used to refer to the report or sayings, transmittedIt is usually used to refer to the report or sayings, transmitted through a chain of people, and originated from or up to thethrough a chain of people, and originated from or up to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Thus a “Thus a “HadithHadith” contains the “” contains the “SunnahSunnah”” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  110. 110. 110 It contains two parts :It contains two parts : ((chainchain of narrators of the report)of narrators of the report) (the(the contentcontent of the teaching fromof the teaching from the Prophet [pbuh])the Prophet [pbuh]) ISNADISNAD MAMATNTN All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  111. 111. 111 Example of HadithExample of Hadith Imam BukharyImam Bukhary -reported-reported fromfrom MusaMusa fromfrom Abu ‘AwanahAbu ‘Awanah fromfrom Abu HussainAbu Hussain fromfrom Abu HurayrahAbu Hurayrah -- who heardwho heard Prophet Muhammad [pbuh] said :Prophet Muhammad [pbuh] said : ISNAD MATN All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  112. 112. 112 ISNAD MATN Example of HadithExample of Hadith Imam BukharyImam Bukhary -reported-reported fromfrom MusaMusa fromfrom Abu ‘AwanahAbu ‘Awanah fromfrom Abu HussainAbu Hussain fromfrom Abu HurayrahAbu Hurayrah - who heard- who heard Prophet Muhammad [pbuh] said :Prophet Muhammad [pbuh] said : ““Whosoever fabricates falsehood intentionally against me,Whosoever fabricates falsehood intentionally against me, let him seek his abode in hell-fire.”let him seek his abode in hell-fire.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  113. 113. 113 According to the number of “According to the number of “IsnadIsnad”” MUTAWWATIRMUTAWWATIR a “a “SunnahSunnah” reported” reported by 4 or more chainsby 4 or more chains of narrators (of narrators (ISNADISNAD)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  114. 114. Al-Bukhary Musa Abu ‘Awanah Abu Hussain Abu Hurairah Muslim Ali al-Hidir Ali b Mushir Muhammad b Qais Ali b Rabi’ah Al-Mughirah Ad-Darimi Muhammad b Esa Haitsam Abu Zubair Jabir Abu Dawud ‘Amr b ‘Aun Musaddad Wabrah ‘Amir Abdullah b Zubair Az-Zubair Ibn Majah Muhamad b Ramh Al-Laits Abnu Shihab Anas At-Tirmidzi Abu Hisham Abu Bakr b Ayyasy ‘Ashim Zirr Ibnu Mas’ud Ath-Thayalisi Abdur Rahman Abis-Zinad Amr b Sa’ied Uthman Abu Hanifah ‘Athiyah Abi Sa’ied al-Khudri Ath-Thabrani Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Nubaith b Syarieth Al-Hakim Abul-Fadl b Al-Husain Muhamad b A Wahab Ja’afar b ‘Aun Abu Hayyan Jazid b Hayyan Zaid b Arqam THIS TYPE OF HADITH IS UNIVERSALY ACCEPTED AS MOST AUTHENTICTHIS TYPE OF HADITH IS UNIVERSALY ACCEPTED AS MOST AUTHENTIC All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  115. 115. Al-Bukhary Musa Abu ‘Awanah Abu Hussain Abu Hurairah Muslim Ali al-Hidir Ali b Mushir Muhammad b Qais Ali b Rabi’ah Al-Mughirah Ad-Darimi Muhammad b Esa Haitsam Abu Zubair Jabir Abu Dawud ‘Amr b ‘Aun Musaddad Wabrah ‘Amir Abdullah b Zubair Az-Zubair Ibn Majah Muhamad b Ramh Al-Laits Abnu Shihab Anas At-Tirmidzi Abu Hisham Abu Bakr b Ayyasy ‘Ashim Zirr Ibnu Mas’ud Ath-Thayalisi Abdur Rahman Abis-Zinad Amr b Sa’ied Uthman Abu Hanifah ‘Athiyah Abi Sa’ied al-Khudri Ath-Thabrani Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Nubaith b Syarieth Al-Hakim Abul-Fadl b Al-Husain Muhamad b A Wahab Ja’afar b ‘Aun Abu Hayyan Jazid b Hayyan Zaid b Arqam THIS TYPE OF HADITH IS UNIVERSALY ACCEPTED AS MOST AUTHENTICTHIS TYPE OF HADITH IS UNIVERSALY ACCEPTED AS MOST AUTHENTIC ““Whosoever fabricates falsehood intentionally against me,Whosoever fabricates falsehood intentionally against me, let him seek his abode in hell-fire.”let him seek his abode in hell-fire.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  116. 116. 116 According to the number of “According to the number of “IsnadIsnad”” MUTAWWATIRMUTAWWATIR a “a “SunnahSunnah” reported” reported by 4 or more chainsby 4 or more chains of narrators (of narrators (ISNADISNAD)) VERY RELIABLEVERY RELIABLE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  117. 117. 117 According to the number of “According to the number of “IsnadIsnad”” MUTAWWATIRMUTAWWATIR AHADAHAD a “a “SunnahSunnah” reported a “” reported a “SunnahSunnah” reported” reported by 4 or more chains by 3 or less chainsby 4 or more chains by 3 or less chains of narrators (of narrators (ISNADISNAD) of narrators () of narrators (ISNADISNAD)) RELIABILITY DEPENDS ONRELIABILITY DEPENDS ON STRENGTH OF CHAINSTRENGTH OF CHAINVERY RELIABLEVERY RELIABLE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  118. 118. THE RATIONALE: “THE STRENGTH OF A CHAIN IS AT THE WEAKEST LINK” “Therefore if only one link (narrator) in a report is weak, the whole report is to be regarded as weak.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  119. 119. THE RATIONALE: “AN OBJECT MUST ALSO BE SUPPORTED BY AT LEAST ONE OTHER SEPARATE CHAIN TO BE REGARDED SAFE AND RELIABLE” “Therefore a report which cannot be independently corroborated is ground for it being regarded as weak or unreliable.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  120. 120. THE RATIONALE: “A CHAIN MUST BE CONTINUOUSLY LINKED TO THE SOURCE OF WHICH IT IS SUPPOSED TO BE CONNECTED” “Therefore a report which has gaps in the links (of narrators) is a reason for its rejection.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  121. 121. 121 Further categorization of “Further categorization of “AHADAHAD” hadith” hadith on the basis of number of Chains.on the basis of number of Chains. Mash-hurMash-hur AzizAziz GharibGharib (well-known)(well-known) (strong)(strong) (rare)(rare) Narrated by wayNarrated by way of 3 chainsof 3 chains Narrated by wayNarrated by way of 2 chainsof 2 chains Narrated by wayNarrated by way of a single chainsof a single chains BASED ON ISNAD USUALLYBASED ON ISNAD USUALLY THIS CATEGORY IS REJECTEDTHIS CATEGORY IS REJECTED CAN BE CONSIDEREDCAN BE CONSIDERED FOR FURTHERFOR FURTHER CATERGORIZATIONCATERGORIZATION CAN BE CONSIDEREDCAN BE CONSIDERED FOR FURTHERFOR FURTHER CATERGORIZATIONCATERGORIZATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  122. 122. Al-‘ilm al-Jarh wa al-Ta’dilAl-‘ilm al-Jarh wa al-Ta’dil (The knowledge of invalidating and(The knowledge of invalidating and declaring reliable of Hadith)declaring reliable of Hadith) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  123. 123. 123 Ahadith which are “Ahadith which are “MASH-HURMASH-HUR” or “” or “AZIZAZIZ ““ MaqbulMaqbul (Accepted)(Accepted) ShahihShahih HassanHassan Authentic GoodAuthentic Good Dho’ifDho’if Maudhu’Maudhu’ WeakWeak FabricationFabrication MardudMardud ( Rejected )( Rejected ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  124. 124. 124 Due to defects of the narrator. Due to discontinuity in the chain. Due to incidental reasons. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  125. 125. 125 Continuity of the chain Integrity of the transmitter (narrator) Soundness of narrator’s memory Conformity to stronger sources Absence of hidden defects All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  126. 126. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  127. 127. 127 Not contrary to Qur’an & authentic Ahadith Not illogical, against common law Not out of proportion Not containing too much details on prophecy Not contrary to the position of the Prophet (pbuh) Personal praise or condemnation of any Companions, tribes or places is suspect. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  128. 128. 128 As-As-SSaahhiihh -- Imam BukharyImam Bukhary Al-Musnad as-Al-Musnad as- SSaahhiihh - Imam Muslim- Imam Muslim SunanSunan -- Imam Abu DawudImam Abu Dawud Sunan al-MujtabaSunan al-Mujtaba -- Imam An-Nasa-’iImam An-Nasa-’i SunanSunan -- Imam At-TirmidziImam At-Tirmidzi SunanSunan -- Imam Ibnu MajahImam Ibnu Majah THESE WERE COMPILED AFTER IMAM ASH-SHAFI’IE PERIODTHESE WERE COMPILED AFTER IMAM ASH-SHAFI’IE PERIOD All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  129. 129. 129 AL-MUWATHA’AL-MUWATHA’ -- Imam Malik ibn AnasImam Malik ibn Anas AL-MUSNADAL-MUSNAD - Imam Abu Hanifa- Imam Abu Hanifa AL-MUSNADAL-MUSNAD - Imam As-Shafi’-ie- Imam As-Shafi’-ie AL-MUSNADAL-MUSNAD -- Imam Ahmad ibn HanbalImam Ahmad ibn Hanbal AL-MUSNADAL-MUSNAD -- Imam At-TabraniyImam At-Tabraniy AL-MUSNADAL-MUSNAD -- Imam Al-HakimImam Al-Hakim AS-SUNANAS-SUNAN -- Imam BaihaqyImam Baihaqy AS-SUNANAS-SUNAN -- Imam Ad-Darimy …. Etc.Imam Ad-Darimy …. Etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  130. 130. “O Allah, bless, grant peace and blessings to our master Muhammad, Your Prophet and Messenger, and to our master Ibrahim, Your friend and intimate friend, and to our master Musa, Your close friend to whom You spoke, and our master 'Isa, Your Ruh and Word, and to all Your angels, Messengers, Prophets ..... 130 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  131. 131. ... the best of Your creation, Your pure ones, elite and awliya' from the people of Your earth and heaven. May Allah bless our master Muhammad in quantity as great as His creation, His good pleasure, the weight of His Throne, and the ink of His words as he deserves ..... 131 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  132. 132. ACCEPT THIS FROM US O ALLAH! AND INCLUDE US ANDACCEPT THIS FROM US O ALLAH! AND INCLUDE US AND OUR FAMILY AND LOVED ONES, TO ALSO BE AMONGSTOUR FAMILY AND LOVED ONES, TO ALSO BE AMONGST THEM WHOM YOU ARE MOST PLEASED !THEM WHOM YOU ARE MOST PLEASED ! A-MEENA-MEEN ..... and whenever those who remember mention him and..... and whenever those who remember mention him and those who neglect his mention neglect it, and bless thethose who neglect his mention neglect it, and bless the people of his House and his pure family, and grantpeople of his House and his pure family, and grant them peace.them peace. 132 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  133. 133. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 133 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)

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