[Slideshare] fardh'ain(january-2014-batch)lesson #4-(arkanul-iiman-believe-in-allah)-28-february-2014

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  • 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” IL A-’ R JIB F H O N # DIT S O HA E S 4 Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail L “ARKAAN AL-IIMAN” Articles of Faith / Belief Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL BELIEVE IN ALLAH Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) UPDATED 28 FEBRUARY 2014 1
  • 2. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL FARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “Beginners’ Manual on Islam” (The basic message of Islam) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 2
  • 3. “Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah. No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 4. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS “Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “the Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 5. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 6. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Islam is built upon five things: Bear witness that there is none deserving of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.
  • 7. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Islam is built upon five things: And to establish Swolah (the obligatory five daily worship or specific devotion).
  • 8. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Islam is built upon five things: And to pay the Zakah (obligatory tax upon the wealth).
  • 9. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Islam is built upon five things: And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (Ka’ba in Makkah) if you are able.
  • 10. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Islam is built upon five things: And to observe fasting daily in the month of Ramadhan.
  • 11. .....“Tell me about iiman (Faith/Belief)” (Belief) iiman is that you: Solemnly believe in Allah; His angels; His Books, His Messengers; In the Afterlife; In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 12. ........ “ Tell me about ‘Al-Ihsan’(the Best or Righteous conduct or Excellence)” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “Al-Ihsan” (excellence) is: ... That you serve (worship) Allah as though you see Him, but if you do not see Him, He (Allah) sees you.”
  • 13. IIMAN Belief Faith Conviction ‘AMAL IHSAN [Islam] Submission Obedience Practice Best or Righteous Conduct Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 14. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL EL U D CI A TIO N OF : THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAU HEED) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 15. IIMAN is “Belief or Faith” to something beyond sense perception, termed as “ - al-ghayb” meaning “the unseen”. It is derived from the root word “ ” which also means “safety, peace, security, protection” It denote: “certainty of the ultimate truth”, adherence to it instils sense of “security in him” from doubts, uncertainty, restlessness etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 16. Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Believe or faith must be with knowledge (‘ILM ). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 17. Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Believe or faith must be with knowledge (‘ILM ). "And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day).“ (Q: Bani Israil : 17 :36) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 18. Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Believe or faith must be with knowledge (‘ILM ). Three sources for knowledge: [1] Five sensory perceptions [2] Reasoning [3] True report - All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ; ; ;
  • 19. (The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you:  Solemnly believe in Allah;  His angels;  His Books,  His Messengers;  In the Afterlife;  In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 20. (The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you:  Solemnly believe in Allah;  His angels;  His Books,  His Messengers;  In the Afterlife;  In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 21. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 22. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 23. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 24. "In (with) the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful." (Qur'an: Al-Fatiha: 1: 1) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 25. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 26. "QUL – HU-WALLAA - HU- AHAD, ALLAA-HUS – SwO - MAD, LAM-YA-LID – WA –LAM – YUU - LAD, WA-LAM – YAKUN – LA - HUU KU-FU-AN - AHAD" All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 27. "No vision can encompass Him, whereas He encompasses all vision: for He alone is unfathomable (latif) *, all-aware.“ (Qur’an: An'am: 6: 103) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 28. "There is nothing like unto Him*, and yet He alone is allhearing, all-seeing.“ (Qur’an: As-Shura 42 : 11) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 29. Holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. have said: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 30. Holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. have said: "(To know Allah) Think and reflect upon Allah's creation and do not try to think of His Essence (Dzat), for you will certainly not be able to comprehend it.“ (Hadith reported by Abu-Shaykh – al Jami’ : 134 Risalah Tauhid) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 31. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 32. “And yet, some people choose to worship certain earthly things or beings as deities that [are supposed to] resurrect the dead; and they fail to realize that, had there been in heaven or on earth any other deity besides Allah, both [those realms] would surely have fallen to ruin! But limitless in His Glory is Allah, enthroned in His awesome almightiness [far] above anything that man can devise by way of definition!” (Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 21-22) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 33. When we know that there can be only One God, Who is the Unique, the Uncreated Creator, Who is totally different from creations - the easiest and the safest is firstly to deny any possibility of others in existence , to be God except Allah. Errors of anthropomorphism and pagan misconception, where objects in creation or imagined, are being regarded as God, or manifestations of God (which has occurred even in monotheist religions) - and thus, these are to be denied prior to our affirming Allah as the Divine. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 34. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 35. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 36. The term “ “ pronounce ‘SHIRK’ – means “partner; associate; one who shares; etc.” Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : “associating or ascribing to Allah, with others as partners .” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 37. The term “ “ pronounce ‘SHIRK’ – means “partner; associate; one who shares; etc.” Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : “associating or ascribing to Allah, with others as partners .” NOTE: The sin of "SHIRK “ ‘outward action.’ All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) is in the ‘ belief ’, not merely the
  • 38. It is only “ SHIRK” when a person: [1] who in his belief, regards other being or entity in creation, or imaginary ‘beings’ conjured in his mind, etc. to be also ‘Divine’; or [2] belief that they (these creations) have a share in ‘Divinity ’ with Allah in His exclusive aspects; in His exclusive attributes; or His ‘union or in-dwelling’ or ‘incarnation’ in them; etc. or [3] to regard any of these as being independent of Allah. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 39. NOTE: It is indeed true when a learned scholar said: “ “ SHIRK is an intellectual sin.” Just like TAUHEED, it deals primarily with ‘thoughts or cognition’; i.e. what a person ‘knows and believes’ regarding God or the ‘Divine’ - (the doctrine or theological concept that the person holds in his mind). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 40. NOTE: A person’s belief may generally be presumed to be adhering to the creed (religion) which he professes to follow. Thus, unlike non-Muslims, all Muslims are to be regarded as a “Muwaheed”, (upholding TAUHEED) unless proven to be otherwise. This is because he begins by denying any other to be god before acknowledging Allah, Who Alone is God – One and Unique without partner nor equal nor rival. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 41. NOTE: One of the primary cause leading to SHIRK is ignorance of the true knowledge of this DEEN of Islam in matters of AQEEDAH. Allah s.w.t. warns us: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 42. NOTE: One of the primary cause leading to SHIRK is ignorance of the true knowledge of this DEEN of Islam in matters of AQEEDAH. Allah s.w.t. warns us: "And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day)." (Qur’an: Bani Israil : 17 :36) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 43. NOTE: One of the primary cause leading to SHIRK is ignorance of the true knowledge of this DEEN of Islam in matters of AQEEDAH. Allah s.w.t. warns us: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 44. NOTE: One of the primary cause leading to SHIRK is ignorance of the true knowledge of this DEEN of Islam in matters of AQEEDAH. Allah s.w.t. warns us: " Now if you pay heed (follow) unto the majority of those [who live] on earth, they will but lead thee astray from the path of Allah: they follow but [other people's] conjectures, and they themselves do nothing but guess." (Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 116) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 45. NOTE: One of the primary cause leading to SHIRK is ignorance of the true knowledge of this DEEN of Islam in matters of AQEEDAH. Allah s.w.t. warns us: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 46. NOTE: One of the primary cause leading to SHIRK is ignorance of the true knowledge of this DEEN of Islam in matters of AQEEDAH. Allah s.w.t. warns us: " But when they are told, "Follow what Allah has revealed" some answers, "Nay, we shall follow (only) that which we found our forefathers believe in and did." What! even though their forefathers did not understand anything and had no guidance ?“ (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 170) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 47. NOTE: Thus, Muslims must avoid blindly imitating others in matters of belief (AQEEDAH) and devotional practices (‘IBAADAH) related to belief, without basis in Islamic knowledge. These kinds of belief, which are untruths to be avoided are termed: - “khurafat” : superstitions; myths; fables; etc. -“Takhayyulat” (pl. From “takhayyul”) : imaginations; whims, delusions; fantasies; etc All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 48. DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD : ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA – A’-LAMU, WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA – MI-NADZ—DZAM - BIL– LADZII - LAA – A’-LAM “O Allah! I seek refuge with You from committing SHIRK i.e. associating others with You, knowingly, and I seek Your forgiveness from the committing of the sins which I do not know.” (Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 49. TO CONTINUE ASMA’ WA-SIFAT All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 50. "Allah is He, whom there is no other god; (‘AALIM AL-GHAYBI WAS-SHAHAADA) Who knows (all things), both secret and open, He, (AR-RAH-MAAN) the Most Compassionate, (AR-RAHEEM) the Most Merciful.“ (Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 22) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 51. "Allah is He, whom there is no other god; (AL-MAALIK) the Sovereign, (AL-QUD-DUS) the Holy One, (AS-SALAAM) the Source of Peace and Perfection, (AL-MU’-MEEN) the Guardian of faith, (AL-MUHAY-MEEN) the Preserver of Safety, (AL-’AZIZ) the Exalted in Might, (AL-JAB-BAR) the Irresistible, (AL-MUTAKABBIR) the Supreme.“ (Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 22) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 52. "Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above the partners they attribute to Him.“ (Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 23) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 53. "He is Allah! (AL-KHAALIQ) The Creator, (AL-BAA-RI-U) the Evolver, (AL-MUSAW-WIR) the Bestower of forms (and colours) – to Him belongs (ASMA-UL-HUSNA) the Most Beautiful (Most Perfect) Names!“ (Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 24) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 54. "Whatever is in the heavens or on Earth, both declare His Praise and Glory: for He alone is almighty, truly wise!!“ (Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 24) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 55. "And if my servants ask you concerning Me – behold, I am near; I respond to the call of him who calls Me: let him then respond unto Me, and believe in Me, so that they might follow the right way“ (Qur'an: Baqarah: 2: 186) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 56. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL Extracted from: “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail
  • 57. "Say: '[Thus speaks Allah] O you servants of Mine who have transgressed (sinned) against your own selves! Despair not of Allah's mercy: behold, Allah forgives all sins – for verily, He alone is muchforgiving, a dispenser of Grace!“ (Qur'an: Zumar: 39: 53) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 58. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 59. “And return [in repentance] to your Lord and submit to Him (ASLIMU) before the punishment comes upon you; then you will not be helped. And follow the best of what was revealed to you from your Lord before the punishment comes upon you suddenly while you do not perceive. Lest a soul should say, "Oh [how great is] my regret over what I neglected in regard to Allah and that I was among the mockers.“ (Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 54-56) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 60. There is no such thing as the Original Sin… Because to us God (Allah) is Most Just Ever-forgiving and Most Merciful All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 61. "That no bearer of burdens shall be made to bear another's burden; and naught shall be accounted unto man except what he is striving for; “ (Qur'an: Najm: 53: 38) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 62. Our question to them : Is original sin compatible with standar ds of God’s justice Consider: mentioned in their own book ? “ The soul that sinneth it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity (sins) of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity (sins) of the son, the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him.” (Ezekiel 18: 20) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 63. Our question to them : Is original sin compatible with standar ds of God’s justice Consider: mentioned in their own book ? “But the wicked will turn from all his sins that he hath committed, and keep all my statutes and do that which is lawful and right, he shall surely live, he shall not die.” (Ezekiel 18 : 21) (Note the concept of repentance here : is consistent with that in Islam. Unfortunately Christians have replaced this with ‘blood redemption’) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 64. THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 65. THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement)
  • 66. THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned Man was placed on earth innocent – not condemned ISLAM’S MESSAGE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement)
  • 67. Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement) THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned Man was placed on earth innocent – not condemned Thus he requires GUIDANCE For in life he may fall into sin ISLAM’S MESSAGE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 68. Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement) THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned Even if he falls, there is hope of Allah’s Mercy and Forgiveness Man was placed on earth innocent – not condemned Thus he requires GUIDANCE Yet in life he may fall into sin MERCY Forgiveness through repentance and ISLAM’S MESSAGE reparation, while in this world All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 69. There is no such thing as the Original Sin… also Because to us God (Allah) Has already forgiven Adam and Hawa All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 70. There is no such thing as the Original Sin… also “They (Adam and Hawa) said, "Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.” (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 23) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 71. There is no such thing as the Original Sin… also “Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words, and He accepted his repentance. Indeed, it is He who is the Accepting of repentance, the Most Merciful.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 37) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 72. "No vision can encompass Him whereas He encompasses all vision : for He is (AL-LATIFF) unfathomable, (AL-KHABIR) all-Aware." (Qur'an: An'am: 6: 103) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 73. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 74. "That no bearer of burdens shall be made to bear another's burden; and naught shall be accounted unto man except what he is striving for; and in time [the nature of all] his striving will be shown [to him in its true light], whereupon he shall be requited for it with the fullest requital; and that with thy Sustainer is the beginning and the end [of all that exists].“ (Qur'an: Najm: 53: 38-42) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 75. EXTRACTED FROM “INTRODUCTION TO TAUHEED COURSE NOTES” This is one of the traditional approaches in ensuring the understanding of attributes of Allah, amongst Muslims who are exposed to other religious or philosophical views, does not deviate from that of the pious predecessors’ (Salafus-Soleheen) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 76. ADDITIONAL NOTES TO DISTINGUISH ALLAH’S EXISTENCE FROM THAT OF CREATION AND MUSLIMS’ UNDERSTANDING OF ALLAH’S ESSENTIAL ATTRIBUTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 77. "No vision can encompass Him, whereas He encompasses all vision: for He alone is unfathomable (latif) *, all-aware.“ (Qur’an: An'am: 6: 103) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 78. "There is nothing like unto Him*, and yet He alone is allhearing, all-seeing.“ (Qur’an: As-Shura 42 : 11) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 79. Thus, even the "how " of His being "different" from everything else is beyond the categories of human thought. Therefore, the concern in Islamic theology is not in trying to discern His Essence (Dzat), which is an impossibility due to human imperfection and limitation. But we are encourage to know Him by way of His attributes and other Signs (Aayat). 79 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 80. Thus, even the "how " of His being "different" from everything else is beyond the categories of human thought. Therefore, the concern in Islamic theology is not in trying to discern His Essence (Dzat), which is an impossibility due to human imperfection and limitation. But we are encourage to know Him by way of His attributes and other Signs ( Aayat). The Holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. have said: "(To know Allah) Think and reflect upon Allah's attributes ( Sifat) and do not try to think of (reality of) His Essence (Dzat).“ (Hadith reported by Abu-Shaykh – al Jami’ : 134 Risalah Tauhid) 80 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 81.  In man’s reliance upon rationalising to understand the ‘nature’ of God, they may be prone to error which, if left unguided, may lead to grave consequences.  Although mankind may discern the existence of God – the Supreme Being, Creator of every creations, yet knowledge about who that Supreme Being is (what are His names, attributes etc.), must come from God Himself. 81 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 82.  Islamic scholars responded by stipulating the ‘criteria’ or guideline for using reason (‘aqliyyah) in theology, which must also be substantiated with textual basis in Revelations (naqliyyah).  Without which, man’s tendencies towards speculating with anthropomorphic imaginings may occur – especially when ignoring difference in meaning of words in Qur’an, between metaphorical and literal. 82 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 83. “.. in it (Al-Qur’an) are AAYAT MUHKAMAT - verses basic or fundamental (of established meaning); they are the FOUNDATION OF THE BOOK: others are AAYAT MUTASHAABIHAT – verses not of well-established meaning.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 7) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 84. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 85. “But those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part thereof that is not of well-established meaning (AAYAT MUTASHAABIHAT ), seeking discord, and searching for its interpretation but no one knows its true meanings except Allah *, and those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in it; the whole of it is from our Lord"; and none will grasp the Message except men of understanding.”...” understanding.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 7) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 86. ADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 87. ADDITIONAL NOTES * Attributing human forms or personalities to Allah. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 88. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE WUJUD  There are countless ways to verify the existence of God. When Muslim acknowledges God’s existence, by this he is also certain of what God is not – i.e. anything antithetical to this notion is rejected as absurd, and cannot be attributed to God. ALLAH’S ATTRIBUTE (SIFAT) WHICH IS ALSO HIS ESSENCE (DZAT) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 89. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE QIDAM ETERNITY - FOREVER EXISTING WITHOUT ANY BEGINNING  Our understanding of “existence” must be differentiated when applied to God. Firstly, Allah is the creator of our ‘notion’ of time, thus only Allah alone has existed without any beginning (forever existing). Whose existence is (WAJIB-AL-WUJUD) essential ,to the existence of creations – i.e. termed ‘contingent existence’ - ( MUMKIN-AL-WUJUD). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 90. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE BAQA’ EVERLASTINGNESS – ETERNALLY WITHOUT END  As our understanding of “existence” must be differentiated when applied to God, therefore secondly, Allah alone is Absolute and will always exist without any ending (forever existing). All other existence (i.e. in creations) is only contingent existence (mumkin al-wujud) which may cease, dependent upon the Will of Allah. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 91. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE MUKHALA-FATUHU-LILHAWADITH DIFFERENT FROM ANYTHING WHICH IS REGARDED AS NEW (CREATION)  Muslim holds the belief that we cannot attribute to Allah similar attributes like those possessed by creations. Any descriptions in the Qur’an and As-Sunnah which use metaphors or allegorical verses (ayat mutashabbiha) for Allah, must not be taken as literal or regarded as having a decisive meaning. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 92. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE QIYAA-MUHU-BI-NAFSIHI HE EXISTED BY HIMSELF (WITHOUT NEED FOR OTHERS)  Men’s tendencies towards anthropomorphic attributions to God is to be refuted. Allah alone is God, the One Being who is Absolute and utterly transcends the notion of ever needing a cause, other than in and by Himself. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 93. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE WAH-DAA-NIYAH ABSOLUTE ONENESS  In our understanding Allah - His attributes (sifaat ), His Names (asma’) and His Acts (Af -’al ); we do not in any way negate His Absolute Oneness. Allah being the Absolute One, indivisible, Infinite Being – having no partners, etc. is fundamental in the Islamic Creed. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 94. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE QUDRAH POSSESSING POWER  Certainly Allah is all-powerful. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God as having attributes of weakness, impotent etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 95. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE IRAADAH POSSESSING WILL  Certainly Allah possesses ‘Will’. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the misconception of God without a Will, incapable of decree and decision, inconsequential, uncreative, etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 96. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE ‘ILMUN KNOWING  Certainly Allah is all-knowing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God as being ignorant, forgetful, etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 97. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE HAYAAT LIVING  Certainly Allah is the Ever-Living. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God who is dead or who can die. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 98. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE SAM’UN HEARING  Certainly Allah is all-Hearing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the ridiculous assertion of God as being deaf, deprived or obstructed from hearing etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 99. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE BASWARUN SEEING  Certainly Allah is All-Seeing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the ridiculous assertion of God as being blind, or that things can be concealed or hidden from Him, etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 100. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE KALAAMUN SPEECH  Certainly Allah possesses Speech. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the foolish assertion of God as being dumb, unable to communicate, etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 101. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 102. Say, "O disbelievers, I do not worship what you worship. Nor are you worshippers of what I worship. Nor will I be a worshipper of what you worship. Nor will you be worshippers of what I worship. For you is your religion, and for me is my religion.“ (Qur’an: Kafirun: 109: 1-6) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 103. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 104. “ He is (AL-HAYU) the Ever-Living; there is no deity except Him, so (FAD-’UUHU) call upon Him, [being] sincere to Him in religion (MUKH-LISAN LAHUD-DEEN). [All] praise is [due] to Allah, (ROB-BIL-’AA-LA-MEEN) Lord of the worlds. Say, [O Muhammad], "Indeed, I have been forbidden to worship those you call upon (TAD-’UUNA) besides Allah once the clear proofs have come to me from my Lord, and I have been commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds.” (Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 65-66) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 105.  Difference between the terms: “ILAAH” “The Divine” – that Supreme Being, acknowledged by all religions to transcend in His Infiniteness, from others in creation and the created. “MA’-BUD” “That which is worshipped” – that object or entity of worship, defined (rightly or wrongly) by one’s theological doctrines as “ the Divine”. Therefore “ilaah” and “ma’bud” are not necessarily synonymous. Thus we assert there is no “ilaah” except Allah, but we reject what others are worshipping (termed as their “ma’bud”) and invite them to the correct “ilaah” i.e. Allah – the pure message of TAUHEED. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 106. “Say: ‘O People of the Book (Scripture)! Exceed not in your religion the bounds (of what is proper), trespassing beyond the Truth , nor follow the vain desires of people who went wrong in times gone by – who misled many, and strayed (themselves from the even Way.” (Qur’an: al- Maa-’idah: 5 : 77) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 107. Say: O People of the Scripture! Come to a common word between us and you: that we shall worship none but Allah (God), and that we shall ascribe no partner unto Him, and that none of us shall take others for lords beside Allah (God). And if they turn away, then say: Bear witness that we are they who have surrendered (unto Him). (Qur’an: Aal ‘Imran 3:64) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 108. IMPORTANT DZIKR LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WAHDAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL-HAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, “There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except Allah, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 109. TO BE CONTINUED – All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 110. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE SECOND ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED) TO BE CONTINUED – All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 111. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 111