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[Slideshare] fardh'ain(august-2013-batch)# 7 -arkan-ul-iiman-(believe-in-his-messengers)-25-october-2013a

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    • 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” IL A-’ R JIB F # H O N T I O AD SS H E 7 Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail L “ARKAAN AL-IIMAN” Articles of Faith / Belief BELIEVE IN HIS MESSENGERS (PROPHETS) Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) UPDATED 25 OCTOBER 2013 1
    • 2. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL FARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “Beginners’ Manual on Islam” (The basic message of Islam) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) 2
    • 3. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS “Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah. No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 4. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS “Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “the Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 5. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 6. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Islam is built upon five things: Bear witness that there is none deserving of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.
    • 7. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Islam is built upon five things: And to establish Swolah (the obligatory five daily worship or specific devotion).
    • 8. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Islam is built upon five things: And to pay the Zakah (obligatory tax upon the wealth).
    • 9. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Islam is built upon five things: And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (Ka’ba in Makkah) if you are able.
    • 10. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Islam is built upon five things: And to observe fasting daily in the month of Ramadhan.
    • 11. .....“Tell me about iiman (Faith/Belief)” (Belief) iiman is that you: Solemnly believe in Allah; His angels; His Books, His Messengers; In the Afterlife; In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 12. ........ “ Tell me about ‘AlIhsan’- (the Best or Righteous conduct or Excellence)” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) “Al-Ihsan” (excellence) is: ... That you serve (worship) Allah as though you see Him, but if you do not see Him, He (Allah) sees you.”
    • 13. IIMAN Belief Faith Conviction ‘AMAL [Islam] Submission Obedience Practice IHSAN Best or Righteous Conduct Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 14. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAU HEED) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 15.  IIMAN is “Belief or Faith” to something beyond sense perception, termed as “ - al-ghayb” meaning “the unseen”.  It is derived from the root word “ ” which also means “safety, peace, security, protection”  It denote: “certainty of the ultimate truth”, adherence to it instils sense of “security in him” from doubts, uncertainty, restlessness etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 16.  Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Believe or faith must be with knowledge. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 17.  Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Must be with knowledge. "And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day).“ (Q: Bani Israil : 17 :36) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 18.  Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Must be with knowledge.  Three sources for knowledge: [1] Five sensory perceptions [2] Reasoning [3] True report - All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ; ; ;
    • 19. (The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you:  Solemnly believe in Allah;  His angels;  His Books,  His Messengers;  In the Afterlife;  In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 20. (The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you:  Solemnly believe in Allah;  His angels;  His Books,  His Messengers;  In the Afterlife;  In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 21. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE FOURTH ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 22. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 23. “And verily We have raised in every nation a messenger, (proclaiming): ‘Serve Allah and shun false gods.’ Then some of them (there were) whom Allah guided, and some of them (there were) upon whom error had just hold. Do but travel in the land and see the nature of the consequence for the deniers!” (Qur’an: An-Nahl: 16:36) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 24. “And Allah will not mislead a people after He hath guided them, until He makes clear to them what to fear (and avoid)― for Allah hath knowledge of all things.” (Qur’an: Taubah: 9:115) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 25. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 26. “ Who receives guidance, receives it for his own benefit: who goes astray doth so to his own loss: no bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another: nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We had sent an messenger (to give warning). When We decide to destroy a population, We (first) send a definite order to those among them who are given the good things of this life and yet transgress; so that the word is proved true against them: then We destroy them utterly.” (Qur’an: al-Isra: 17:15-16) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 27. Everyone of us has certain basic questions within ourselves: “Why have we been created?” “What is the purpose of my being here in this world?” “Why do people die?” “Does it end here?” “ Where will we go to after death?” ... etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 28. Some may ignore these questions, yet they are still in us and we will have to seek the Truth regarding this matter – sooner or later. Man’s limited knowledge of Reality, would not be able to fathom this mystery. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 29. Only Allah s.w.t. the Creator of every creation knows the truth and Reality of our existence, the reason for our being created and our destiny. Ever since Adam a.s., mankind has been promised by Allah, guidance from Him. This is through His sending of the Prophets and Messengers from Him. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 30. We do acknowledge a category of people who discover “Laws” in nature and regard them as reliable and their findings learnt, applied and continue to be taught. These are the people gifted with insights and inspired with knowledge of the physical world. We call them “Scientists”. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 31. Yet there is another category of people, who came in different place and time, yet all claimed to have received Divine communication, asserted similar universal message of God, of man’s moral obligation, of the life in Hereafter etc. They delivered a message which transcend knowledge of this physical world, inviting mankind towards Faith in the One God. These are the “Prophets.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 32. The word “Nabi” means “prophet” refers to a male person who receives divine inspiration, to assist them in guiding the people based upon code of life which had already been conveyed by earlier Messengers (Rasul). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Word “Rasul” means a “Messenger”, it refers to a “Nabi” who were tasked to convey a new message, code of life to the people, complementing and superseding what had came before.
    • 33. So not every “Nabi” is a “Rasul”; whereas all “Rasul” must also be a “Nabi”. According to a tradition, Allah has sent 124,000 Prophets (Anbiya’). And verily We have raised in every nation a messenger,” (Qur’an: an-Nahl: 16: 36) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 34. NAMES IN THE QUR’AN PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT ADAM Adam IDRIS Enoch NUH Noah HUD Heber SALIH Methuselah All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 35. NAMES IN THE QUR’AN PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT IBRAHIM Abraham ISMA’IL Ishmael ISHAQ Isaac LUT Lot YA’KUB Jacob All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 36. NAMES IN THE QUR’AN PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT YUSUF Joseph SHU’AIB Jethro AYUB Job MUSA Moses HARUN Aaron All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 37. NAMES IN THE QUR’AN PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT DZULKIFLI Ezekiel DAWUD David SULAIMAN Solomon ILYAS Elias ALYASA’ Elijah All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 38. NAMES IN THE QUR’AN PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT YUNUS Jonah ZAKARIYYA Zachariah YAHYA John the Baptist ‘ISA Jesus MUHAMMAD All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 39. NUH Noah IBRAHIM Abraham MUSA Moses ‘ISA Jesus MUHAMMAD He is “the Seal of Prophethood”, “the Awaited and Chosen One”, the “Leader of all the Messengers of Allah.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 40. SIDDIQ TRUTHFUL AMANAH TRUSTWORTHY TABLIGH CONVEYING FATONAH All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) WISE
    • 41. MA’SUM – INFALLIBLE Meaning “preserved, protected from sinning against Allah”, although they all have human frailties and weaknesses. We reject all falsehood and slander made or even insinuated against every prophets of Allah, upholding their honour and dignity. Especially those found in the Bible. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 42. MA’SUM – INFALLIBLE This because Allah s.w.t. said: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 43. MA’SUM – INFALLIBLE This because Allah s.w.t. said: “And We made them (Prophets as) leaders, guiding (men) by Our Command, and We sent them inspiration to do good deeds, to establish regular prayers, and to practise regular charity; and they constantly served Us (and Us only).” (Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 73) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 44. MA’SUM – INFALLIBLE This because Allah s.w.t. said: “No prophet could (ever) be false to his trust.” (Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 3: 161) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 45. MA’SUM – INFALLIBLE This because Allah s.w.t. said: “Now await in patience the command of thy Lord: for verily thou art in our eyes (constantly watched and preserved): and celebrate the praises of thy Lord the while thou standest forth.” (Qur’an: Tur: 52: 48) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 46. MA’SUM – INFALLIBLE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 47. MA’SUM – INFALLIBLE “And remember We took from the Prophets their Covenant: and from thee: from Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, the son of Mary: We took from them a solemn Covenant: That (Allah) may question the (Custodians) of Truth concerning the Truth they (were charged with): and He has prepared for the Unbelievers a grievous Penalty.” (Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 7-8) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 48. MA’SUM – INFALLIBLE Their messengers said to them: "True, we are human like yourselves, but Allah doth grant His grace to such of His servants as He pleases . It is not for us to bring you an authority except as Allah permits. (Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 11) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 49. MA’SUM – INFALLIBLE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 50. MA’SUM – INFALLIBLE “Verily We have granted thee a manifest Victory: That Allah may forgive thee thy faults of the past and those to follow; fulfil His favour to thee; and guide thee on the Straight Way;” (Qur’an: Fathu: 48: 1-2) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 51. MIRACLES The term used for this in Islam is “khawariq al-aa-dah” – meaning “breaking from the normal order.” So, the term “miracle” is general; to include many kinds which can be demonstrated by all kinds of people. Islam even warn Muslims not to generalize as though all types of “miracles” are therefore also “mu’-jizat”. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 52. PERTAINING TO : MU’-JIZAT Nabiy & Rasul (Prophets and Messengers of Allah.) Karomah Awliyya (Saints). Al-Ma-’unah Mu’mineen (Believers) Istidraj Others, especially the unbelievers & those practicing sorcery. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 53. Among the supplications practiced and taught by my teacher from: Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad (rahimahullah) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets. ALLAA-HUM-MA – IN – NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BI-KA – MI-NAL-MAK-RI WAL – IS- TID - RAAJ – MIN – HAI – THU – LAA – ASH- ‘U-RU IN-NA-KA – JA-WAA – DUN – KA – REE-M “O Allah! I seek refuge in You from entrapment (MAKAR) and subtle deception (ISTIDRAJ) from wherever I am unaware of. Verily You (O Allah who) is Most Generous, the Most Noble.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 54. MU’JIZAT From the word “i’-jaz” meaning to “bring low” – refers to extra-ordinary capability given to prophets by Allah, as Signs or proof of their Prophet hood. Usually, it would approximate and challenge what people of the time had already regarded to be the most fantastic. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 55. “Not a messenger did We send before thee without this inspiration sent by Us to him: ‘that there is no god but I; therefore worship and serve Me.’ ” (Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 25) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 56. “For We have never sent any Messenger except that he should be heeded (obeyed) by Allah’s leave”. (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 64) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 57. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 58. For We assuredly sent amongst every People a messenger, (with the Command) "Serve Allah, and eschew Evil": of the people were some whom Allah guided, and some on whom Error became inevitably (established). So travel through the earth, and see what was the end of those who denied (the Truth).” (Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 36) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 59. “Likewise did We make for every Messenger an enemy,― evil ones men and Jinns, inspiring each other with flowery discourses by way of deception. If thy Lord had so willed, they would not have done it: so leave them and their inventions alone.” (Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 112) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 60. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 61. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 62. And remember Jesus, the son of Mary, said: "O Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allah (sent) to you confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving glad Tidings of an Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad (Praised one)." But when he came to them with Clear Signs they said "This is evident sorcery!" (Qur’an: Saff: 61: 6) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 63. COINCIDENTAL or CORROBORATION? (Jesus is recorded to have said) “ Think not that I have come to abolish the Law and the Prophets ; I have come not to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass away from the Law until all is accomplished.” (Matthews: 5: 17-20) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 64. COINCIDENTAL or CORROBORATION? (Jesus is also recorded to have said) “ I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. But when he, the Spirit of Truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will only speak what he hears, and he will tell you of what is yet to come. He will bring glory to me by taking from what is mine and making it known to you….” (John: 16: 7-14) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 65. COINCIDENTAL or CORROBORATION? “Jesus said to them : ‘Have you never read in the scriptures: “The stone the builders rejected has become the capstone”; The Lord has done this, and it is marvelous in our eyes. Therefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce its fruit . He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed.” (Matthews: 21: 42-44) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 66. THE PROPHET S.A.A.W. SAID: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 67. THE PROPHET S.A.A.W. SAID: “The likeness of me and the other Prophets is similar to that of a man who built a house and perfectly decorated it except for a space of one brick. The people used to go round this house, wonder and say, ‘If only this missing brick were put in!’ Thus, I am that brick and I am the Last of the Prophets.” (Hadith agreed upon by Bukhary and Muslim) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 68. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 69. “O People of the Scripture, there has come to you Our Messenger making clear to you much of what you used to conceal of the Scripture and overlooking much. There has come to you from Allah a light and a clear Book.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 15) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 70. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 71. “O people of the Book! now hath come unto you, making (things) clear unto you, Our Messenger (Muhammad) after the break in (the series of) Our Messengers, lest ye should say: there came unto us no bringer of glad tidings and no Warner (from evil): but now hath come unto you a bringer of glad tidings and a Warner (from evil): and Allah hath power over all things.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 19) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 72. “ Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things.” (Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 40) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 73. “And I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in your affairs (of this religion), whosoever holdfast to them shall never be led astray – (these are) the Book of Allah and the Sunnah (Way or tradition) of His Messenger.” (From Sermon reported by Ibnu Hisham in his “Seerah” ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 74. “(Honour) My successors, may Allah s.w.t. be Merciful towards them!.” He was asked: “Who are your successors O Messenger of Allah?” And he said: “They are those who revive my Sunnah and teaches them to the servants of Allah.” (Hadith of the Prophet s.a.w.) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 75. “ This day have I perfected your religion for (O Muhammad), completed my favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” (Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 3) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 76. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 77. “ O ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day : that is best, and most suitable for final determination.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 59) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 78. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 79. “Now whenever Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, it is not for a believing man or a believing woman to claim freedom of choice insofar as they themselves are concerned; for he who (thus) rebels against Allah and His Messenger has already, most obviously, gone astray.” (Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 36) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 80. THE PROPHET S.A.A.W. SAID: “By Allah!(I swear), even if Musa is alive and present in your midst, he can have no option except that he must follow me (my teachings).” (Hadith narrated by Jabir r.a.) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 81. “ O ye who believe! Give your response to Allah and His Messenger, when He calls you to that which will give you life” (Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 24) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 82. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 83. “He it is who has sent unto the unlettered people a messenger from among themselves, to convey unto them His messages, and to cause them to grow in purity, and to impart unto them the divine writ as well as wisdom - whereas before that they were indeed, most obviously, lost in error As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62:2- 3) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 84. “And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way (ummatan wasotan) [i.e. justly balanced], so that [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truth before all mankind (shuhadaa-a ‘alan-naas) , and the Messenger as a witness over you.“ (Qur’an: Baqarah 2:143) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 85. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 86. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 87. “All who obey Allah and the Messenger are in the company of those on whom is the Grace of Allah― of the Prophets (who teach) the sincere (lovers of Truth), the witnesses (who testify), and the Righteous (who do good): ah! How a beautiful fellowship! Such is the Bounty from Allah: and sufficient is it that Allah knows all.” (Qur’an: an-Nisa: 4: 69-70) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 88. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 89. “ ... and neither does he (Muhammad) speak out of his own desire: that [which he conveys to you] is but [a divine] inspiration with which he is being inspired – something that a very mighty one has imparted to him:” (Qur’an: Najm: 53: 3-5) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 90. “He it is who has sent unto the unlettered people a messenger from among themselves, to convey unto them His messages, and to cause them to grow in purity, and to impart unto them the divine writ as well as wisdom - whereas before that they were indeed, most obviously, lost in error” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 91. “Hence, accept [willingly] whatever the Messenger gives you [thereof], and refrain from [demanding] anything that he withholds from you; and remain conscious of Allah: for, verily, Allah is severe in retribution.” (Qur’an: Hashr: 59: 7) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 92. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 93. “And I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in your affairs (of this religion), whosoever holdfast to them shall never be led astray – (these are) the Book of Allah and the Sunnah (Way or tradition) of His Messenger.” (From Sermon reported by Ibnu Hisham in his “Seerah” ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 94. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 95. “Verily, I am leaving behind me for you all, whosoever clings to them shall never be astray after this till the hereafter :-the Book of Allah - the rope stretched from heaven to the earth; and my ‘itrah’ [progeny] from my Household – These two will never be separated from each other until they return upon the Pool (in Paradise). See that you do not differ from (the guidance of) these two after me.” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 96.  We must be very careful not to fabricate any lies, attributing or repeating unverified reports containing lies of what seemed to be Ahadith (perhaps in our ignorance), to our Prophet s.a.w. In one “mutawatir ” Hadith he warns: “Whosoever (intentionally) fabricates a lie (in my name) against me, let him seek his place (of abode) in the Fire (of Hell).” (Hadith reported by Bukhary, Muslim, Darimi, Abu Dawud, Ibnu Majah, Tirmidzi, Abu Hanifa, At-Thayalisi, at-Tabarani and al-Hakim) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 97. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 98. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 99. “And upon thee (too) have We bestowed from on high this reminder, so that thou (Muhammad) might make clear unto mankind all that has ever been thus bestowed upon them, and that they might take thought. (Qur’an : An-Nahl : 16: 44) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 100. (Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 2 : 43) But the Qur’an does not provide the detail, thus the Prophet (pbuh) said : 100 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 101. “ .....and be constant in ‘as-Swolah’ (that is the fixed obligatory daily prayer)…” (Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 2 : 43) But the Qur’an does not provide the detail, thus the Prophet (pbuh) said : “Establish ‘as-Swolah’ as you see me do” (Hadith reported by Bukhary) 101 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 102. …(it means) : “the way ... or ... the law “ It is usually used to indicate the practice or the teachings of our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and are divided into : Qau-liyyah (sayings) Taqririyyah (consent) Fi’liyyah (actions) Hammiyyah (resolve) 102 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 103. …(it means) : “the way ... or ... the law “ HADITH REGARDING ‘SUNNAH QAULIYYAH’ IS GENERALLY DIVIDED INTO TYPES HADITH QUDSI The Prophet saying but he indicates the quote to be God’s words which are other than those in Qur’an HADITH NABAWWIY Direct statement of the Prophet 103 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 104. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 105. Prophet (pbuh) taught by : (1) Verbal teaching (2) Written medium (dictation to scribes) (3) Practical demonstration 105 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 106. …(Plural is “AHADITH” - it means) : “the news , the report ..or .. narration“ It is usually used to refer to the report or sayings, transmitted through a chain of people, and originated from or up to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Thus a “Hadith” contains the “Sunnah” 106 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 107. It contains two parts : ISNAD MATN (chain of narrators of the report) (the content of the teaching from the Prophet [pbuh]) 107 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 108. from from from from Imam Bukhary -reported Musa Abu ‘Awanah Abu Hussain Abu Hurayrah - who heard Prophet Muhammad [pbuh] said : MATN 108 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ISNAD Example of Hadith
    • 109. from from from from Imam Bukhary -reported Musa Abu ‘Awanah Abu Hussain Abu Hurayrah - who heard ISNAD Example of Hadith Prophet Muhammad [pbuh] said : “Whosoever fabricates falsehood intentionally against me, let him seek his abode in hell-fire.” MATN 109 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 110. According to the number of “Isnad” MUTAWWATIR a “Sunnah” reported by 4 or more chains of narrators (ISNAD) 110 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 111. THIS TYPE OF HADITH IS UNIVERSALY ACCEPTED AS MOST AUTHENTIC Al-Bukhary Musa Abu ‘Awanah Abu Hussain Abu Hurairah At-Tirmidzi Abu Hisham Abu Bakr b Ayyasy ‘Ashim Zirr Ibnu Mas’ud Muslim Ali al-Hidir Ali b Mushir Muhammad b Qais Ali b Rabi’ah Al-Mughirah Ath-Thayalisi Abdur Rahman Abis-Zinad Amr b Sa’ied Uthman All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Ad-Darimi Muhammad b Esa Haitsam Abu Zubair Jabir Abu Hanifah ‘Athiyah Abi Sa’ied al-Khudri Abu Dawud ‘Amr b ‘Aun Musaddad Wabrah ‘Amir Abdullah b Zubair Az-Zubair Ath-Thabrani Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Nubaith b Syarieth Ibn Majah Muhamad b Ramh Al-Laits Abnu Shihab Anas Al-Hakim Abul-Fadl b Al-Husain Muhamad b A Wahab Ja’afar b ‘Aun Abu Hayyan Jazid b Hayyan Zaid b Arqam
    • 112. THIS TYPE OF HADITH IS UNIVERSALY ACCEPTED AS MOST AUTHENTIC Al-Bukhary Musa Abu ‘Awanah Abu Hussain Abu Hurairah Muslim Ali al-Hidir Ali b Mushir Muhammad b Qais Ali b Rabi’ah Al-Mughirah Ad-Darimi Muhammad b Esa Haitsam Abu Zubair Jabir Abu Dawud ‘Amr b ‘Aun Musaddad Wabrah ‘Amir Abdullah b Zubair Az-Zubair Ibn Majah Muhamad b Ramh Al-Laits Abnu Shihab Anas “Whosoever fabricates falsehood intentionally against me, let him seek his abode in hell-fire.” At-Tirmidzi Abu Hisham Abu Bakr b Ayyasy ‘Ashim Zirr Ibnu Mas’ud Ath-Thayalisi Abdur Rahman Abis-Zinad Amr b Sa’ied Uthman All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Abu Hanifah ‘Athiyah Abi Sa’ied al-Khudri Ath-Thabrani Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Nubaith b Syarieth Al-Hakim Abul-Fadl b Al-Husain Muhamad b A Wahab Ja’afar b ‘Aun Abu Hayyan Jazid b Hayyan Zaid b Arqam
    • 113. According to the number of “Isnad” MUTAWWATIR a “Sunnah” reported by 4 or more chains of narrators (ISNAD) VERY RELIABLE 113 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 114. According to the number of “Isnad” MUTAWWATIR a “Sunnah” reported by 4 or more chains of narrators (ISNAD) VERY RELIABLE AHAD a “Sunnah” reported by 3 or less chains of narrators (ISNAD) RELIABILITY DEPENDS ON STRENGTH OF CHAIN 114 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 115. THE RATIONALE: “THE STRENGTH OF A CHAIN IS AT THE WEAKEST LINK” “Therefore if only one link (narrator) in a report is weak, the whole report is to be regarded as weak.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 116. THE RATIONALE: “AN OBJECT MUST ALSO BE SUPPORTED BY AT LEAST ONE OTHER SEPARATE CHAIN TO BE REGARDED SAFE AND RELIABLE” “Therefore a report which cannot be independently corroborated is ground for it being regarded as weak or unreliable.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 117. THE RATIONALE: “A CHAIN MUST BE CONTINUOUSLY LINKED TO THE SOURCE OF WHICH IT IS SUPPOSED TO BE CONNECTED” “Therefore a report which has gaps in the links (of narrators) is a reason for its rejection.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 118. Further categorization of “AHAD” hadith on the basis of number of Chains. Mash-hur Aziz (well-known) (strong) (rare) Narrated by way of 3 chains Narrated by way of 2 chains Narrated by way of a single chains CAN BE CONSIDERED FOR FURTHER CATERGORIZATION CAN BE CONSIDERED FOR FURTHER CATERGORIZATION BASED ON ISNAD USUALLY THIS CATEGORY IS REJECTED All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Gharib 118
    • 119. Al-‘ilm al-Jarh wa al-Ta’dil (The knowledge of invalidating and declaring reliable of Hadith) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 120. Ahadith which are “MASH-HUR” or “AZIZ “ Maqbul (Accepted) Shahih Hassan Authentic Good Mardud ( Rejected ) Dho’if Weak Maudhu’ Fabrication 120 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 121. Due to defects of the narrator. Due to discontinuity in the chain. Due to incidental reasons. 121 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 122. Continuity of the chain Integrity of the transmitter (narrator) Soundness of narrator’s memory Conformity to stronger sources Absence of hidden defects 122 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 123. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 124. Not contrary to Qur’an & authentic Ahadith Not illogical, against common law Not out of proportion Not containing too much details on prophecy Not contrary to the position of the Prophet (pbuh) Personal praise or condemnation of any Companions, tribes or places is suspect. 124 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 125. THESE WERE COMPILED AFTER IMAM ASH-SHAFI’IE PERIOD As- S a h i h - Imam Bukhary Al-Musnad as- S a h i h Sunan - - Imam Muslim Imam Abu Dawud Sunan al-Mujtaba - Imam An-Nasa-’i Sunan - Imam At-Tirmidzi Sunan - Imam Ibnu Majah 125 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 126. AL-MUWATHA’ - Imam Malik ibn Anas AL-MUSNAD - Imam Abu Hanifa AL-MUSNAD - Imam As-Shafi’-ie AL-MUSNAD - Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal AL-MUSNAD - Imam At-Tabraniy AL-MUSNAD - Imam Al-Hakim AS-SUNAN - Imam Baihaqy AS-SUNAN - Imam Ad-Darimy …. Etc. 126 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
    • 127. “O Allah, bless, grant peace and blessings to our master Muhammad, Your Prophet and Messenger, and to our master Ibrahim, Your friend and intimate friend, and to our master Musa, Your close friend to whom You spoke, and our master 'Isa, Your Ruh and Word, and to all Your angels, Messengers, Prophets ..... All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) 127
    • 128. ... the best of Your creation, Your pure ones, elite and awliya' from the people of Your earth and heaven. May Allah bless our master Muhammad in quantity as great as His creation, His good pleasure, the weight of His Throne, and the ink of His words as he deserves ..... All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) 128
    • 129. ..... and whenever those who remember mention him and those who neglect his mention neglect it, and bless the people of his House and his pure family, and grant them peace. ACCEPT THIS FROM US O ALLAH! AND INCLUDE US AND OUR FAMILY AND LOVED ONES, TO ALSO BE AMONGST THEM WHOM YOU ARE MOST PLEASED ! A-MEEN All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) 129
    • 130. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) 130