0
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST
COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFUL

“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON
ISLAM”

IL
A-’
R

JIB
F
#
H O N
T
I
O
AD
...
FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST
COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFUL

FARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY
USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE H...
FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS

“Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers
to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord...
FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS

“Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “the
Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet,
...
“For We have never sent any Messenger except that he
should be heeded (obeyed) by Allah’s leave”.
(Qur’an : An-Nisa : 4 : ...
FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“Tell me about Islam”

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)

Islam is built upon five
things:
Bear witness tha...
“Tell me about Islam”

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)

Islam is built upon five
things:
And to establish...
“Tell me about Islam”

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)

Islam is built upon five
things:
And to pay the Z...
“Tell me about Islam”

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)

Islam is built upon five
things:
And to make pilg...
“Tell me about Islam”

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)

Islam is built upon five
things:
And to observe f...
.....“Tell me about iiman
(Faith/Belief)”

(Belief) iiman is that
you:
Solemnly believe in Allah;
His angels;
His Books,
H...
........ “ Tell me about ‘AlIhsan’- (the Best or
Righteous conduct or
Excellence)”

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ism...
IIMAN
Belief
Faith
Conviction

‘AMAL
[Islam]
Submission
Obedience
Practice

IHSAN
Best or
Righteous
Conduct

Faith without...
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST
COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFUL

THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO
THE ABSOLUTE ONEN...


IIMAN is “Belief or Faith” to something beyond sense
perception, termed as “

- al-ghayb” meaning “the

unseen”.


It ...


Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind
acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Belief o...


Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind
acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Belief o...


Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere
blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e.
Belief o...
(The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you:


Solemnly believe in Allah;



His angels;



His Books,



His Messenge...
(The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you:


Solemnly believe in Allah;



His angels;



His Books,



His Messenge...
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFUL

THE THIRD ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING
THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS ...
Behold thy Lord said to the angels: "I will create a vicegerent on
earth." They said "Wilt thou place therein one who will...
And He (Allah)taught Adam the names of all things; then He
placed them before the angels and said: "Tell Me the names of
t...
    They said: "Glory to Thee: of knowledge we have none, save

that Thou hast taught us: in truth it is Thou who art perf...
He said: "O Adam! tell them their names." When he had told
them their names, Allah said: "Did I not tell you that I know t...
And behold We said to the angels: "Bow down to Adam";
and they bowed down: not so Iblis: he refused and was
haughty: he wa...
We said: "O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden and
eat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) ye wil...
“ Then did Satan make them slip from the (Garden) and get
them out of the state (of felicity) in which they had been. We
s...
“Then learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration and his
Lord turned toward him; for He is Oft-Returning Most Merciful...
We said: "Get ye down all from here; and if, as is sure, there
comes to you guidance from Me" whosoever follows My
guidanc...
"But those who reject Faith and belie Our Signs, they shall be
Companions of the Fire; they shall abide therein."
(Qur’an:...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“Has there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he was
nothing--(not even) mentioned?― Verily We created Man from...
EPISTEMOLOGY

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
EPISTEMOLOGY

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
EPISTEMOLOGY

Amongst the definitions:
“....... Knowledge is the arrival (husul-                 )* of the meaning 
(ma’na...
al-Jaahiz
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
EPISTEMOLOGY

To understand how we as human learn, let us analyse the 
computer (a product attempted by human to create an...
EPISTEMOLOGY

INPUT    -      PROCESSING   -   OUTPUT

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
EPISTEMOLOGY

KEYBOARD
THUMB-DISK-DRIVES

SCANNER

MOUSE

FEED TO CPU TO BE PROCESSED
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj I...
EPISTEMOLOGY

• KEYBOARD
• MOUSE
• THUMB/DISK DRIVE

 THE FIVE SENSES:
SIGHT, SOUND, TOUCH, SMELL,
TASTE.

 TRUE REPORT
...
EPISTEMOLOGY

PROCESSING TAKES
PLACE HERE
INPUT
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)

OUTPUT
(FEEDBACK)
EPISTEMOLOGY

• Control unit – storage, speed

 Memory

• ROM – Read only memory

 Linguistic & literacy

• RAM – Random...
EPISTEMOLOGY

SCREEN MONITOR 

PRINTER - SCANNER

FROM CPU TO OUTPUT 
OR BE SAVED, PRINTED
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee...
EPISTEMOLOGY

• Monitor – screen
• Printer – scanner
• Thumb-drive
• Disk-drive
• Sound-system

 Speech
 Actions
 Creat...
EPISTEMOLOGY

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
(Allah) Most Gracious! It is He Who has taught the Qur'an. He
has created man: He has taught him speech (and Intelligence)...
Thus, what our Prophet Muhammad s.a,w. received was
not something new - as this phenomena (revelation) had
already occurre...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
REGARDING AL-QUR’AN :
IT IS BOOK WHICH ....

AL-QUR’AN

•Claims to be from God;
•And which could not
be produced by any
wh...
REGARDING AL-QUR’AN :
IT IS BOOK WHICH ....

AL-QUR’AN

•And does not contain
discrepancies;
•And has contributed to
the w...
REGARDING AL-QUR’AN :
IT IS BOOK WHICH ....

AL-QUR’AN

•And can be shown that
some of its prophecies
were proven true;
•A...
REGARDING AL-QUR’AN :
IT IS BOOK WHICH ....

AL-QUR’AN

•And the whole book still
remains in its original
text (language);...
REGARDING AL-QUR’AN :
IT IS BOOK WHICH ....

AL-QUR’AN

•And has universal
appeal and
application.
IT MUST BE FROM GOD...
...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
”This Qur'an is not such as can be produced by other than
Allah; on the contrary it is a confirmation of (revelations)
tha...
WHAT WERE THESE BOOKS ?

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
TAURAT
(Torah / Law)
Book revealed to
Prophet Musa (Moses)
a.s.

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
ZABUR

(Psalm)

Book revealed to Prophet
Dawud (David) a.s.

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
INJIL

(Evangel / Gospel)
Book revealed to Prophet
‘Isa (Jesus) a.s.

All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“There is among them a section who distort the Book with
their tongues; (as they read) so that you would think it is a
par...
The Christians and the Jews may
offer the Bible as their evidence of
their revealed Books from God.
THEREFORE IT IS PERTIN...
The Bible ...… some facts.
• It is a collection of writings.
• Generally it contains recordings of the

history of the Jew...
The Bible ...… some facts.
• The name “Bible” is not found in the

Bible.
• This term “Bible” comes from the Greek

work “...
The Bible ...… some facts.
• The total number of books that make up

the Bible differ between the Catholic’s
(they have 73...
The Bible ...… some facts.
• It can be divided into 2 parts:

Old testament – Jewish writings written
originally in Hebrew...
The Bible ...… some facts.
• It can be divided into 2 parts:

New Testament – the oldest
manuscripts written in Koine Gree...
The Bible ...… some facts.
• The most popular Bible e.g. the King

James (the Authorized version) and the
Latin Vulgate in...
The Bible ...… some facts.
• Their own admission:

“Yet the King James version has serious defects.
….. And discovery of m...
Summary : what is the Bible?
 It may contain words of prophets;

some eye-witness or even hearsay
accounts of what had ha...
Summary : what is the Bible?
 Biblical scholars admit that many

were written by anonymous (unknown)
person or persons; s...
Summary : what is the Bible?
 The Gospels (according to Mark,

Mathew, Luke and John) are not the
same as what we Muslims...
Summary : what is the Bible?
 The Pentateuch (first 5 Books said to

be the book of Moses : the Torah) is
not the same as...
Summary : what is the Bible?
 The Psalm (of David) is not the same

as what we Muslims refer to as the
“Zabur” of Prophet...
Summary : what is the Bible?
 As the collections called the Bible

have been tampered with and
interpolations made by peo...
Summary : what is the Bible?
 For Muslims, the Qur’an is the

“Furqaan” (Criterion to determine what
for us, is the Truth...
Summary : what is the Bible?
 Revisions have been made to the

Bible when a much older manuscripts
were found. Still thes...
Summary : what is the Bible?
So when we Muslims say we Believe in the
Taurat, Zabur and Injeel, we do not mean we
believe ...
Why a subsequent book of revelation is
required is because:
[1] Mankind living standard is evolving towards a higher
form ...
Why a subsequent book of revelation is
required is because:
[2] the recordings of earlier Books did not survive fully
inta...
Why a subsequent book of revelation is
required is because:
[3] Literacy amongst the people, and the appropriate technolog...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“Alif Lam Mim. This is the Book (of Allah); in it is guidance
sure, without doubt, to those who are most conscious
(with r...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“Praise be to Allah Who hath sent to His Servant
(Muhammad) the Book, and hath allowed therein no
Crookedness: (He hath ma...
“… And to warn those who say, "Allah has taken a son. They
have no knowledge of it, nor had their fathers. Grave is the wo...
“Alif Lam Ra. (This Qur’an is) A Book which We have revealed unto
thee (O Muhammad) in order that thou might lead mankind ...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“The Day that the wrongdoer will bite at his hands,
He will say "Oh! would that I had taken a (straight)
path with the Mes...
“We have, without doubt sent down the Message (Al-Qur’an);
and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption).”
(Qur’an: Hij...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
All welcome to visit my web-blog:

http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/
http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/
http://oyoub...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

[Slideshare] fardh'ain(august-2013-batch)# 6 -arkan-ul-iiman-(believe-in-his-books)-18-october-2013

195

Published on

Published in: Spiritual, News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
195
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "[Slideshare] fardh'ain(august-2013-batch)# 6 -arkan-ul-iiman-(believe-in-his-books)-18-october-2013"

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” IL A-’ R JIB F # H O N T I O AD SS H E 6 Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail L “ARKAAN AL-IIMAN” Articles of Faith / Belief Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL REGISTER via http://goo.gl/4EF4y For further queries, contact E-mail: ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / especially for Using textbook & curriculum he has developed+65 96838279 Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. BELIEVE IN HIS BOOKS “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) UPDATED 18 OCTOBER 2013 1
  2. 2. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL FARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “Beginners’ Manual on Islam” (The basic message of Islam) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) 2
  3. 3. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS “Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah. No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  4. 4. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS “Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “the Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  5. 5. “For We have never sent any Messenger except that he should be heeded (obeyed) by Allah’s leave”. (Qur’an : An-Nisa : 4 : 64) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  6. 6. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  7. 7. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Islam is built upon five things: Bear witness that there is none deserving of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.
  8. 8. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Islam is built upon five things: And to establish Swolah (the obligatory five daily worship or specific devotion).
  9. 9. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Islam is built upon five things: And to pay the Zakah (obligatory tax upon the wealth).
  10. 10. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Islam is built upon five things: And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (Ka’ba in Makkah) if you are able.
  11. 11. “Tell me about Islam” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Islam is built upon five things: And to observe fasting daily in the month of Ramadhan.
  12. 12. .....“Tell me about iiman (Faith/Belief)” (Belief) iiman is that you: Solemnly believe in Allah; His angels; His Books, His Messengers; In the Afterlife; In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  13. 13. ........ “ Tell me about ‘AlIhsan’- (the Best or Righteous conduct or Excellence)” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) “Al-Ihsan” (excellence) is: ... That you serve (worship) Allah as though you see Him, but if you do not see Him, He (Allah) sees you.”
  14. 14. IIMAN Belief Faith Conviction ‘AMAL [Islam] Submission Obedience Practice IHSAN Best or Righteous Conduct Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  15. 15. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  16. 16.  IIMAN is “Belief or Faith” to something beyond sense perception, termed as “ - al-ghayb” meaning “the unseen”.  It is derived from the root word “ ” which also means “safety, peace, security, protection”  It denote: “certainty of the ultimate truth”, adherence to it instils sense of “security in him” from doubts, uncertainty, restlessness etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  17. 17.  Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Belief or faith must be with knowledge. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  18. 18.  Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Belief or faith must be with knowledge. "And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day).“ (Q: Bani Israil : 17 :36) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  19. 19.  Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Belief or faith must be with knowledge.  Three sources for knowledge: [1] Five sensory perceptions [2] Reasoning [3] True report - All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ; ; ;
  20. 20. (The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you:  Solemnly believe in Allah;  His angels;  His Books,  His Messengers;  In the Afterlife;  In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  21. 21. (The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you:  Solemnly believe in Allah;  His angels;  His Books,  His Messengers;  In the Afterlife;  In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  22. 22. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE THIRD ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  23. 23. Behold thy Lord said to the angels: "I will create a vicegerent on earth." They said "Wilt thou place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood? Whilst we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy holy (name)?" He said: "I know what ye know not." (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:30) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  24. 24. And He (Allah)taught Adam the names of all things; then He placed them before the angels and said: "Tell Me the names of these if ye are right." (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:31) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  25. 25.     They said: "Glory to Thee: of knowledge we have none, save that Thou hast taught us: in truth it is Thou who art perfect in knowledge and wisdom." (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:32) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  26. 26. He said: "O Adam! tell them their names." When he had told them their names, Allah said: "Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of heaven and earth, and I know what ye reveal and what ye conceal?" (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:33) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  27. 27. And behold We said to the angels: "Bow down to Adam"; and they bowed down: not so Iblis: he refused and was haughty: he was of those who reject Faith. ” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:34) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  28. 28. We said: "O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden and eat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) ye will; but approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:35) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  29. 29. “ Then did Satan make them slip from the (Garden) and get them out of the state (of felicity) in which they had been. We said: "Get ye down all (ye people) with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling place and your means of livelihood for a time.". (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:36) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  30. 30. “Then learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration and his Lord turned toward him; for He is Oft-Returning Most Merciful.“ (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:37) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  31. 31. We said: "Get ye down all from here; and if, as is sure, there comes to you guidance from Me" whosoever follows My guidance on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.“ (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:38) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  32. 32. "But those who reject Faith and belie Our Signs, they shall be Companions of the Fire; they shall abide therein." (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:39) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  34. 34. “Has there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he was nothing--(not even) mentioned?― Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: so We gave him (the gifts), of Hearing and Sight. We showed him the Way: whether he be grateful or ungrateful (rests on his will).” (Qur’an: al-Insan: 76:1-3) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  35. 35. EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  36. 36. EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  37. 37. EPISTEMOLOGY Amongst the definitions: “....... Knowledge is the arrival (husul-                 )* of the meaning  (ma’na-                 ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of  the subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’s  arrival (wusul-                 ) at the meaning of that thing or the object  of knowledge.”     By “meaning” (ma’na-             ) is: “the recognition of the proper place of anything in a system ...” Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas * “attainment; acquirement” is a better translation. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  38. 38. al-Jaahiz All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  39. 39. EPISTEMOLOGY To understand how we as human learn, let us analyse the  computer (a product attempted by human to create an  imitation or artificial intelligence) Computerization is a total system comprising of:           [1] INPUT           [2] PROCESSING            [3] OUTPUT All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  40. 40. EPISTEMOLOGY INPUT    -      PROCESSING   -   OUTPUT All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  41. 41. EPISTEMOLOGY KEYBOARD THUMB-DISK-DRIVES SCANNER MOUSE FEED TO CPU TO BE PROCESSED All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  42. 42. EPISTEMOLOGY • KEYBOARD • MOUSE • THUMB/DISK DRIVE  THE FIVE SENSES: SIGHT, SOUND, TOUCH, SMELL, TASTE.  TRUE REPORT • SCANNER • BLUETOOTH/WIRELESS COMPUTER All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)  EXTRA-SENSORY -INSPIRATION, DREAM, INTUITION, BURST OF BRILLIANCE HUMAN BEING
  43. 43. EPISTEMOLOGY PROCESSING TAKES PLACE HERE INPUT All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) OUTPUT (FEEDBACK)
  44. 44. EPISTEMOLOGY • Control unit – storage, speed  Memory • ROM – Read only memory  Linguistic & literacy • RAM – Random access memory  Logic & music • BIOS – Basic input-output   Deductive - inductive System • DOS – Disk operating System;  Drivers etc. • ALU – Arithmetic logic unit COMPUTER All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)  Speculative extrapolation  Emotive - empathy  Contemplative - intuition  Extraneous linkage HUMAN BEING
  45. 45. EPISTEMOLOGY SCREEN MONITOR  PRINTER - SCANNER FROM CPU TO OUTPUT  OR BE SAVED, PRINTED All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) THUMB-DISK-DRIVES
  46. 46. EPISTEMOLOGY • Monitor – screen • Printer – scanner • Thumb-drive • Disk-drive • Sound-system  Speech  Actions  Creativity  Behaviour  Disposition (akhlaq) • Projector • Other devices COMPUTER All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) HUMAN BEING
  47. 47. EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  48. 48. (Allah) Most Gracious! It is He Who has taught the Qur'an. He has created man: He has taught him speech (and Intelligence) (Qur’an: ar-Rahmaan: 55:1-4) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  49. 49. Thus, what our Prophet Muhammad s.a,w. received was not something new - as this phenomena (revelation) had already occurred before him. Thus those, termed the “People of the Book” amongst those of Abrahamic line i.e. the Jews and Christians, would be the independent parties than can corroborate not deny but confirm this. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  50. 50. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  51. 51. REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH .... AL-QUR’AN •Claims to be from God; •And which could not be produced by any who tries; •And contains absolute principles; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) 51
  52. 52. REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH .... AL-QUR’AN •And does not contain discrepancies; •And has contributed to the well-being of mankind at all levels; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) 52
  53. 53. REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH .... AL-QUR’AN •And can be shown that some of its prophecies were proven true; •And some of its data compatible with scientific research; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) 53
  54. 54. REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH .... AL-QUR’AN •And the whole book still remains in its original text (language); •And speaks of God and His plan; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) 54
  55. 55. REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH .... AL-QUR’AN •And has universal appeal and application. IT MUST BE FROM GOD... NO OTHER CONCLUSION IS PLAUSIBLE! All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) 55
  56. 56. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  57. 57. ”This Qur'an is not such as can be produced by other than Allah; on the contrary it is a confirmation of (revelations) that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book ― wherein there is no doubt from the Lord of the Worlds.” (Q:Yunos:10:37) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  58. 58. WHAT WERE THESE BOOKS ? All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  59. 59. TAURAT (Torah / Law) Book revealed to Prophet Musa (Moses) a.s. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  60. 60. ZABUR (Psalm) Book revealed to Prophet Dawud (David) a.s. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  61. 61. INJIL (Evangel / Gospel) Book revealed to Prophet ‘Isa (Jesus) a.s. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  62. 62. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  63. 63. “There is among them a section who distort the Book with their tongues; (as they read) so that you would think it is a part of the Book but it is no part of the Book; and they say "That is from Allah" but it is not from Allah: it is they who tell a lie against Allah, and (well) they know it! “ (Q:Aali’Imran 3:78) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  64. 64. The Christians and the Jews may offer the Bible as their evidence of their revealed Books from God. THEREFORE IT IS PERTINENT FOR MUSLIMS TO SEEK ANSWER TO THESE QUESTIONS: •What is the Bible? •Can Muslim accept the Bible to be the revealed Books of God? All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  65. 65. The Bible ...… some facts. • It is a collection of writings. • Generally it contains recordings of the history of the Jewish people. Written and re-written by scribes (especially when the Jews lost these during their enslavement by Persians and Romans or because the recordings tended to fade). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  66. 66. The Bible ...… some facts. • The name “Bible” is not found in the Bible. • This term “Bible” comes from the Greek work “Biblion” which means “collection of writings or book”. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  67. 67. The Bible ...… some facts. • The total number of books that make up the Bible differ between the Catholic’s (they have 73 books) and Protestant Christian’s (only accept 66 books). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  68. 68. The Bible ...… some facts. • It can be divided into 2 parts: Old testament – Jewish writings written originally in Hebrew, compiled over a period of 2,000 years; many of its authors are unknown. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  69. 69. The Bible ...… some facts. • It can be divided into 2 parts: New Testament – the oldest manuscripts written in Koine Greek (not Aramaic which was the language that Jesus spoke), comprise of the 4 Gospels and letters written by Paul and others. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  70. 70. The Bible ...… some facts. • The most popular Bible e.g. the King James (the Authorized version) and the Latin Vulgate in used was based on an ancient text. Since then, they have discovered more ancient texts, and Christian biblical scholars have to revise their Bible to ensure accuracy. And they admit that there has been interpolations done to the Bible. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  71. 71. The Bible ...… some facts. • Their own admission: “Yet the King James version has serious defects. ….. And discovery of many biblical manuscripts more ancient than those on which the King James version was based made it apparent that these defects were so many as to call for a revision.” (Forward in the New Revised Standard version of the Bible ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  72. 72. Summary : what is the Bible?  It may contain words of prophets; some eye-witness or even hearsay accounts of what had happened; it may contain quotations of perhaps revelations from God; it may contain interpretations and interpolations of people regarding the religion; etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  73. 73. Summary : what is the Bible?  Biblical scholars admit that many were written by anonymous (unknown) person or persons; sometimes conveniently attributed to certain prophets. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  74. 74. Summary : what is the Bible?  The Gospels (according to Mark, Mathew, Luke and John) are not the same as what we Muslims refer to as the “Injeel” of Prophet Jesus a.s. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  75. 75. Summary : what is the Bible?  The Pentateuch (first 5 Books said to be the book of Moses : the Torah) is not the same as what we Muslims refer to as the “Taurat” of Prophet Moses a.s. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  76. 76. Summary : what is the Bible?  The Psalm (of David) is not the same as what we Muslims refer to as the “Zabur” of Prophet David a.s. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  77. 77. Summary : what is the Bible?  As the collections called the Bible have been tampered with and interpolations made by people, we cannot be certain of its total reliability and authenticity. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  78. 78. Summary : what is the Bible?  For Muslims, the Qur’an is the “Furqaan” (Criterion to determine what for us, is the Truth and what is not). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  79. 79. Summary : what is the Bible?  Revisions have been made to the Bible when a much older manuscripts were found. Still these manuscripts are not those dated to the time of Jesus a.s. (because these were written in Greek, whereas Jesus a.s. never spoke Greek but Aramaic). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  80. 80. Summary : what is the Bible? So when we Muslims say we Believe in the Taurat, Zabur and Injeel, we do not mean we believe in the Bible!  Only the Qur’an has remained the only authentic Book of revelations from Allah, still preserved exactly as it was “ recited”, in the original language as when it was revealed. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  81. 81. Why a subsequent book of revelation is required is because: [1] Mankind living standard is evolving towards a higher form of civilization – a global and more cosmopolitan era, thus their laws need to be gradually updated – while its principle and fundamental teachings remaining the same ; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  82. 82. Why a subsequent book of revelation is required is because: [2] the recordings of earlier Books did not survive fully intact but were proven to have been tampered with and corrupted; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  83. 83. Why a subsequent book of revelation is required is because: [3] Literacy amongst the people, and the appropriate technology of writing & printing on a mass-scale etc. was not available until much later. Thus, subsequent revelations would ensure the pristine teachings are adhered to because corruptions to the previous recordings had occurred; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  84. 84. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  85. 85. “Alif Lam Mim. This is the Book (of Allah); in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to those who are most conscious (with reverential fear of) Allah.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 2) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  86. 86. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  87. 87. “Praise be to Allah Who hath sent to His Servant (Muhammad) the Book, and hath allowed therein no Crookedness: (He hath made it) Straight (and Clear), in order that He may warn (the godless) of a terrible Punishment from Him, and that He may give Glad Tidings to the Believers who work righteous deeds, that they shall have a goodly Reward. In which they will remain forever..” (Qur’an: Kahfi: 18:1-3) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  88. 88. “… And to warn those who say, "Allah has taken a son. They have no knowledge of it, nor had their fathers. Grave is the word that comes out of their mouths; they speak not except a lie.” (Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 4-5) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  89. 89. “Alif Lam Ra. (This Qur’an is) A Book which We have revealed unto thee (O Muhammad) in order that thou might lead mankind out of the depths of darkness into light― by the leave of their Lord― to the Way of (Him) Exalted in Power, Worthy of all Praise!” (Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 1) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  90. 90. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  91. 91. “The Day that the wrongdoer will bite at his hands, He will say "Oh! would that I had taken a (straight) path with the Messenger! “ “Ah! woe is me! would that I had never taken such a one for a friend! He did lead me astray from the Message (of Allah) after it had come to me! Ah! the Evil One is but a traitor to man! “ Then the Messenger will say: "O my Lord! truly my people took this Qur'an for just foolish nonsense." (Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 27-30) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  92. 92. “We have, without doubt sent down the Message (Al-Qur’an); and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption).” (Qur’an: Hijr: 15: 9)    All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  93. 93. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  94. 94. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/  http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) 94
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×