All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPAS...
• In the discourse regarding human motivation, ever since Maslow’sIn the discourse regarding human motivation, ever since ...
• Goal-Setting TheoryGoal-Setting Theory
• Management by Objectives (MOB)Management by Objectives (MOB)
• Self-EfficacySel...
• Due to the popularity of Maslow’s Theory (despite the criticism), we begin
our discussion on motivation using his pyrami...
AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005
*Diagram from Wikipedia5
Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in
psychology that Abrah...
Maslow’s observation of peoples’ tendencies towards beingMaslow’s observation of peoples’ tendencies towards being
self-ce...
Maslow does acknowledge the role of religion which somehowMaslow does acknowledge the role of religion which somehow
motiv...
This equates human still to be on the same level as that ofThis equates human still to be on the same level as that of
ani...
• We, Muslims differ from this view that human is an specieWe, Muslims differ from this view that human is an specie
evolv...
• Yet Maslow and other secular psychologists, may be partly
correct in their observation of human behaviour, perhaps
becau...
““Have you seen the one who takes as his god his own desire?Have you seen the one who takes as his god his own desire?
The...
• In applying his theory on motivation - following strictly hisIn applying his theory on motivation - following strictly h...
• But, this hierarchy of needs theory is irrelevant regarding the
religiously inclined, or those who already subscribe to ...
‘Self-actualization’ — a concept Maslow attributed to Kurt Goldstein.
IN ENUMERATING TRAITS OF SELF-ACTUALIZED
PEOPLE, WE ...
1. Awareness:1. Awareness:
efficient perception of reality
freshness of appreciation
peak experiences
ethical awareness
2....
3. Freedom3. Freedom
need for solitude
autonomous, independent
creativity, originality
spontaneous
4. Trust4. Trust
proble...
17AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005
““an episode or spurt in which the powers of the person come together inan episode or s...
18AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005
““an episode or spurt in which the powers of the person come together inan episode or s...
19AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005
TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
20AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005
TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM
AND WHEN RELIGION ORAND WHEN RELIGION OR
METAPHYSICS CAN B...
TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’
GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH”GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH”
Human perfection
...
SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’
Esteem,
Love / sense of belonging
Safety,
Physiological,
GUIDED BY...
SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’
Esteem,
Love / belonging
Safety,
Physiological,
GUIDED BY THE “SHA...
SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’
GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH”GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH”
RIGHTEOUSNESS & P...
SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’
Esteem,
Love / belonging
Safety,
Physiological,
GUIDED BY THE “SHA...
SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’
Esteem,
Love / belonging
Safety,
Physiological,
GUIDED BY THE “SHA...
SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’
Esteem,
Love / belonging
Safety,
Physiological,
GUIDED BY THE “SHA...
“LET IT NOT deceive thee that those who are bent on
denying the truth seem to be able to do as they please on
earth: it is...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
““Seek instead, by means of what Allah has grantedSeek instead, by means of what Allah has granted
thee, [the good of] the...
““Work for your worldly needs, as though you are goingWork for your worldly needs, as though you are going
to live forever...
““What I have forbidden to you, avoid; what I have orderedWhat I have forbidden to you, avoid; what I have ordered
you [to...
““There will come a time for mankind (in future),There will come a time for mankind (in future),
when they (people) will n...
““Verily, the flesh and blood which grew from partakingVerily, the flesh and blood which grew from partaking
food which ar...
““Blessed is He (Allah) in whose hand is dominion, and He isBlessed is He (Allah) in whose hand is dominion, and He is
ove...
““Allah keeps firm those who believe, with the firm word, inAllah keeps firm those who believe, with the firm word, in
wor...
““Have you not considered those who exchanged theHave you not considered those who exchanged the
favour of Allah for disbe...
AND WITH ALLAH
IS THE GUIDANCE
AND TRUE SUCCESS
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
40
 ””All praise is due to Allah, who has guided us unto this;All praise is due to Allah, who has guided us unto this;
for...
41
 And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon the
Messenger of Allah and upon His household
and Companions .
All Rights R...
42
 "Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of our"Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of...
43
““Our Lord ! Grant that our spouses and our offspring be a joy toOur Lord ! Grant that our spouses and our offspring be...
44
"Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm;"Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm...
45
““Our Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth after YouOur Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth afte...
46
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
47
““Our Lord ! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; OurOur Lord ! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into err...
48
"Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter"Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the He...
49
““(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations
of All...
50
And salutations of Allah and Peace beAnd salutations of Allah and Peace be
upon our Leader Muhammad, and uponupon our L...
51
”Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what
they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messen...
““Grant us (these our supplication),Grant us (these our supplication),
by Your Mercy, (O Allah, You are) theby Your Mercy,...
http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/
http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/
http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/
http://al-am...
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[Slideshare] a-muslim response to maslow's hierachy of needs(2005)

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[Slideshare] a-muslim response to maslow's hierachy of needs(2005)

  1. 1. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. Extract from course conducted by:Extract from course conducted by: USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL ( PERGAS )( PERGAS ) SINGAPORESINGAPORE UNDERSTANDING THE ISLAMIC WORLDVIEWUNDERSTANDING THE ISLAMIC WORLDVIEW TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM
  2. 2. • In the discourse regarding human motivation, ever since Maslow’sIn the discourse regarding human motivation, ever since Maslow’s “hierarchy of needs” there has been many subsequent theories which“hierarchy of needs” there has been many subsequent theories which were critical of it and alternatives are being offered. These include:were critical of it and alternatives are being offered. These include: • Theory X and Theory YTheory X and Theory Y • Herzberg 2-Factor TheoryHerzberg 2-Factor Theory • David McClelland's Theory of NeedsDavid McClelland's Theory of Needs • Cognitive Evaluation TheoryCognitive Evaluation Theory All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  3. 3. • Goal-Setting TheoryGoal-Setting Theory • Management by Objectives (MOB)Management by Objectives (MOB) • Self-EfficacySelf-Efficacy • Reinforcement TheoryReinforcement Theory • Equity and Justice TheoryEquity and Justice Theory • Expectancy TheoryExpectancy Theory Yet, Maslow’s observation regarding the human natural preference orYet, Maslow’s observation regarding the human natural preference or tendencies towards fulfilment of his basic needs before aspiring towardstendencies towards fulfilment of his basic needs before aspiring towards being altruistic, hold true in most instances (although there arebeing altruistic, hold true in most instances (although there are exceptions).exceptions). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  4. 4. • Due to the popularity of Maslow’s Theory (despite the criticism), we begin our discussion on motivation using his pyramid as a base comparison. Hoping that it being familiar to all those engaged in discourse on motivation, it would aid easy appreciation when compared. • This presentation, Insha'Allah, intends to present a Muslim’s response of Maslow’s “Hierarchy of Needs Theory” including an explanation of what motivates a Muslim. I have long asserted that a Muslim’s worldview requires him to focus on different ‘drivers’ (considerations) as motivation. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  5. 5. AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005 *Diagram from Wikipedia5 Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology that Abraham Maslow (1908 –1970) proposed in his 1943 paper “A Theory of Human Motivation” TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  6. 6. Maslow’s observation of peoples’ tendencies towards beingMaslow’s observation of peoples’ tendencies towards being self-centred; whose instinct for survival, for self-preservation,self-centred; whose instinct for survival, for self-preservation, not unlike the animal species - echoes the “not unlike the animal species - echoes the “DarwinianDarwinian” theory” theory of the “of the “Origin of Species by means of Natural SelectionOrigin of Species by means of Natural Selection” and” and the survival of the fittest. Whether or not Maslow subscribe tothe survival of the fittest. Whether or not Maslow subscribe to Darwinism, is irrelevant. Perhaps it is coincidental.Darwinism, is irrelevant. Perhaps it is coincidental. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  7. 7. Maslow does acknowledge the role of religion which somehowMaslow does acknowledge the role of religion which somehow motivates man towards self-actualization which he actuallymotivates man towards self-actualization which he actually admires, albeit as the exception. Yet, for him and manyadmires, albeit as the exception. Yet, for him and many secular-humanists, behavioural psychologists etc. generally,secular-humanists, behavioural psychologists etc. generally, they view man’s potential towards purely altruistic motivationthey view man’s potential towards purely altruistic motivation can be possible only after most of his basic needs & wants arecan be possible only after most of his basic needs & wants are addressed adequately.addressed adequately. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  8. 8. This equates human still to be on the same level as that ofThis equates human still to be on the same level as that of animals, as though naturally, man is unable to resist his primalanimals, as though naturally, man is unable to resist his primal instincts and urges for survival. But are human notinstincts and urges for survival. But are human not distinguished for having free-will and capable of being moral?distinguished for having free-will and capable of being moral? Surely being human must entail this difference.Surely being human must entail this difference. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  9. 9. • We, Muslims differ from this view that human is an specieWe, Muslims differ from this view that human is an specie evolved from the animal (as in “evolved from the animal (as in “DarwinianDarwinian”), because we”), because we believe that human is a unique and separate specie altogether,believe that human is a unique and separate specie altogether, who already possess intellect, free-will and innate moralwho already possess intellect, free-will and innate moral conscience which differentiate us from beasts. A man whoconscience which differentiate us from beasts. A man who denies or by ignoring this in himself, and to merely follow hisdenies or by ignoring this in himself, and to merely follow his desires is to stoop into becoming inhuman (to de-humanise).desires is to stoop into becoming inhuman (to de-humanise). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  10. 10. • Yet Maslow and other secular psychologists, may be partly correct in their observation of human behaviour, perhaps because those whom they have observed were generally the immoral, the irreligious and selfish people of his time, even those who claim to follow religion – because admittedly there are such human-beings. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  11. 11. ““Have you seen the one who takes as his god his own desire?Have you seen the one who takes as his god his own desire? Then would you be responsible for him? Or do you think thatThen would you be responsible for him? Or do you think that most of them hear or reason? They are not except likemost of them hear or reason? They are not except like livestock. Rather, they are [even] more astray in [their] way.”livestock. Rather, they are [even] more astray in [their] way.” ((Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 43-44Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 43-44)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  12. 12. • In applying his theory on motivation - following strictly hisIn applying his theory on motivation - following strictly his hierarchy of needs pyramid – thus it may only be effective regarding those who are still driven by their desires, ego, selfish considerations. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  13. 13. • But, this hierarchy of needs theory is irrelevant regarding the religiously inclined, or those who already subscribe to an altruistic philosophy in life, the self-actualised – especially the Muslims, because Islam’s approach to a human (Muslim) development begins firstly with conscious affirmation or declaration towards self-actualization (as a Witness - ). • Islam’s teaching for human development in fact begins by “Self- actualising” each and every Muslim. So, Maslow’s observations of an ‘self-actualised’ person is indeed interesting for Muslims to relate to. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  14. 14. ‘Self-actualization’ — a concept Maslow attributed to Kurt Goldstein. IN ENUMERATING TRAITS OF SELF-ACTUALIZED PEOPLE, WE TEND TO AGREE WITH MASLOW, FOR TO US, HE IS AS THOUGH IN FACT ALSO DESCRIBING A MUSLIM ADHERING TO THE TRUE TEACHINGS OF ISLAM. TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  15. 15. 1. Awareness:1. Awareness: efficient perception of reality freshness of appreciation peak experiences ethical awareness 2. Honesty:2. Honesty: philosophical sense of humour social interest deep interpersonal relationships democratic character structure All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  16. 16. 3. Freedom3. Freedom need for solitude autonomous, independent creativity, originality spontaneous 4. Trust4. Trust problem centred acceptance of self, others, nature resistance to enculturation - identity with humanity All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  17. 17. 17AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005 ““an episode or spurt in which the powers of the person come together inan episode or spurt in which the powers of the person come together in a particularly and intensely enjoyable way, and in which he is morea particularly and intensely enjoyable way, and in which he is more integrated and less split, more open for experience, more idiosyncratic,integrated and less split, more open for experience, more idiosyncratic, more perfectly expressive or spontaneous, or fully functioning, moremore perfectly expressive or spontaneous, or fully functioning, more creative, more humorous, more ego-transcending, more independent ofcreative, more humorous, more ego-transcending, more independent of his lower needs, etc. He becomes in these episodes more truly himself,his lower needs, etc. He becomes in these episodes more truly himself, more perfectly actualising his potentialities, closer to the core of hismore perfectly actualising his potentialities, closer to the core of his being, more fully human. Not only are these his happiest and mostbeing, more fully human. Not only are these his happiest and most thrilling moments, but they are also moments of greatest maturity,thrilling moments, but they are also moments of greatest maturity, individuation, fulfilment - in a word, his healthiest moments.”individuation, fulfilment - in a word, his healthiest moments.” TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  18. 18. 18AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005 ““an episode or spurt in which the powers of the person come together inan episode or spurt in which the powers of the person come together in a particularly and intensely enjoyable way, and in which he is morea particularly and intensely enjoyable way, and in which he is more integrated and less split, more open for experience, more idiosyncratic,integrated and less split, more open for experience, more idiosyncratic, more perfectly expressive or spontaneous, or fully functioning, moremore perfectly expressive or spontaneous, or fully functioning, more creative, more humorous, more ego-transcending, more independent ofcreative, more humorous, more ego-transcending, more independent of his lower needs, etc. He becomes in these episodes more truly himself,his lower needs, etc. He becomes in these episodes more truly himself, more perfectly actualising his potentialities,more perfectly actualising his potentialities, closer to the core of hiscloser to the core of his being, more fully human. Not only are these his happiest and mostbeing, more fully human. Not only are these his happiest and most thrilling moments, but they are also moments of greatest maturity,thrilling moments, but they are also moments of greatest maturity, individuation, fulfilment - in a word, his healthiest momentsindividuation, fulfilment - in a word, his healthiest moments.”.” TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  19. 19. 19AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005 TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  20. 20. 20AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005 TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM AND WHEN RELIGION ORAND WHEN RELIGION OR METAPHYSICS CAN BEMETAPHYSICS CAN BE THE MEANS TO ACHIEVE THIS,THE MEANS TO ACHIEVE THIS, THEREFORE :THEREFORE : All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  21. 21. TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  22. 22. SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’ GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH”GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH” Human perfection ISLAM BEGINS WITH 22 TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM ““O you who have attained to faith! Surrender yourselves wholly untoO you who have attained to faith! Surrender yourselves wholly unto Allah, and follow not Satan's footsteps, for, verily, he is your open foe.“Allah, and follow not Satan's footsteps, for, verily, he is your open foe.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2-208Qur’an: Baqarah: 2-208)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  23. 23. SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’ Esteem, Love / sense of belonging Safety, Physiological, GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH”GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH” RIGHTEOUSNESS & PIETYRIGHTEOUSNESS & PIETY ((Bir/ TaqwaBir/ Taqwa)) HONOUR & SELF-ESTEEM,HONOUR & SELF-ESTEEM, ((‘Izzat/Ikram‘Izzat/Ikram)) SENSE OF BELONGINGSENSE OF BELONGING ((Usrah/UmmahUsrah/Ummah)) SECURITY,SECURITY, ((Ahkam/Jihad/SalaamAhkam/Jihad/Salaam)) BASIC NEEDSBASIC NEEDS ((Halal/HaramHalal/Haram)) Human perfection ISLAM BEGINS WITH     "Be ye (Robbaniyin) worshippers of Him (Who is truly the Cherisher of all)"Be ye (Robbaniyin) worshippers of Him (Who is truly the Cherisher of all) for ye have taught the Book and ye have studied it earnestly." (Q:3:79)for ye have taught the Book and ye have studied it earnestly." (Q:3:79) 23 TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM ISLAM EMPHASISE FURTHER All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  24. 24. SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’ Esteem, Love / belonging Safety, Physiological, GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH”GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH” RIGHTEOUSNESS & PIETYRIGHTEOUSNESS & PIETY ((Bir/ TaqwaBir/ Taqwa)) HONOUR & SELF-ESTEEM,HONOUR & SELF-ESTEEM, ((‘Izzat/Ikram‘Izzat/Ikram)) SENSE OF BELONGING (SENSE OF BELONGING (Usrah/UmmahUsrah/Ummah)) SECURITY, (SECURITY, (Ahkam/Jihad/SalaamAhkam/Jihad/Salaam)) BASIC NEEDS (BASIC NEEDS (Halal/HaramHalal/Haram)) Human perfection TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM ISLAM BEGINS WITH 24 ISLAM EMPHASISE FURTHER ““SELF-PURIFICATION”SELF-PURIFICATION” Tazkiyyatun-NafsTazkiyyatun-Nafs All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  25. 25. SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’ GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH”GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH” RIGHTEOUSNESS & PIETYRIGHTEOUSNESS & PIETY ((Bir/ TaqwaBir/ Taqwa)) Human perfection TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM ISLAM BEGINS WITH 25 ““SELF-PURIFICATION”SELF-PURIFICATION” Tazkiyyatun-NafsTazkiyyatun-Nafs Thoroughly shedding every base, egoistic, animalistic, devilish, materialistic tendencies & desires, for higher angelic spiritual traits – termed ‘selfless Godliness’ - “RobbaaniyIn” modelled after Prophet Muhammad’s noble traits or disposition (Akhlaq). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  26. 26. SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’ Esteem, Love / belonging Safety, Physiological, GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH”GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH” RIGHTEOUSNESS & PIETYRIGHTEOUSNESS & PIETY ((Bir/ TaqwaBir/ Taqwa)) HONOUR & SELF-ESTEEM,HONOUR & SELF-ESTEEM, ((‘Izzat/Ikram‘Izzat/Ikram)) SENSE OF BELONGING (SENSE OF BELONGING (Usrah/UmmahUsrah/Ummah)) SECURITY, (SECURITY, (Ahkam/Jihad/SalaamAhkam/Jihad/Salaam)) BASIC NEEDS (BASIC NEEDS (Halal/HaramHalal/Haram)) Human perfection TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM ISLAM BEGINS WITH 26 ““SELF-PURIFICATION”SELF-PURIFICATION” Tazkiyyatun-NafsTazkiyyatun-Nafs All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  27. 27. SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’ Esteem, Love / belonging Safety, Physiological, GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH”GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH” RIGHTEOUSNESS & PIETYRIGHTEOUSNESS & PIETY ((Bir/ TaqwaBir/ Taqwa)) HONOUR & SELF-ESTEEM,HONOUR & SELF-ESTEEM, ((‘Izzat/Ikram‘Izzat/Ikram)) SENSE OF BELONGING (SENSE OF BELONGING (Usrah/UmmahUsrah/Ummah)) SECURITY, (SECURITY, (Ahkam/Jihad/SalaamAhkam/Jihad/Salaam)) BASIC NEEDS (BASIC NEEDS (Halal/HaramHalal/Haram)) Human perfectionFurther ‘MUJAAHADAH’ , emulating Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w with TAUFIQ from Allah - to attain ISLAM BEGINS WITH 27 TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM ““INSAN KAAMIL”INSAN KAAMIL” ““INSAN ROB-BANI”INSAN ROB-BANI” ““SELF-PURIFICATION”SELF-PURIFICATION” Tazkiyyatun-NafsTazkiyyatun-Nafs All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  28. 28. SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’ Esteem, Love / belonging Safety, Physiological, GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH”GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH” RIGHTEOUSNESS & PIETYRIGHTEOUSNESS & PIETY ((Bir/ TaqwaBir/ Taqwa)) HONOUR & SELF-ESTEEM,HONOUR & SELF-ESTEEM, ((‘Izzat/Ikram‘Izzat/Ikram)) SENSE OF BELONGING (SENSE OF BELONGING (Usrah/UmmahUsrah/Ummah)) SECURITY, (SECURITY, (Ahkam/Jihad/SalaamAhkam/Jihad/Salaam)) BASIC NEEDS (BASIC NEEDS (Halal/HaramHalal/Haram)) Human perfectionFurther ‘MUJAAHADAH’ , emulating Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w with TAUFIQ from Allah - to attain ISLAM BEGINS WITH 28 ““INSAN KAAMIL”INSAN KAAMIL” ““INSAN ROB-BANI”INSAN ROB-BANI”     "Be ye (Robbaniyin) worshippers of Him (Who is truly the Cherisher of all)"Be ye (Robbaniyin) worshippers of Him (Who is truly the Cherisher of all) for ye have taught the Book and ye have studied it earnestly." (Q:3:79)for ye have taught the Book and ye have studied it earnestly." (Q:3:79) ““SELF-PURIFICATION”SELF-PURIFICATION” Tazkiyyatun-NafsTazkiyyatun-Nafs TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  29. 29. “LET IT NOT deceive thee that those who are bent on denying the truth seem to be able to do as they please on earth: it is [but] a brief enjoyment, with hell thereafter as their goal - and how vile a resting place! -” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 196-197) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  30. 30. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  31. 31. ““Seek instead, by means of what Allah has grantedSeek instead, by means of what Allah has granted thee, [the good of] the life to come, without forgetting,thee, [the good of] the life to come, without forgetting, withal, thine own [rightful] share in this world; and dowithal, thine own [rightful] share in this world; and do good [unto others] as Allah has done good unto thee;good [unto others] as Allah has done good unto thee; and seek not to spread corruption on earth: for, verily,and seek not to spread corruption on earth: for, verily, Allah does not love the spreaders of corruption!””Allah does not love the spreaders of corruption!”” ((Qur’an: Qasas: 28: 77Qur’an: Qasas: 28: 77)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  32. 32. ““Work for your worldly needs, as though you are goingWork for your worldly needs, as though you are going to live forever, and strive (also to prepare) for yourto live forever, and strive (also to prepare) for your Hereafter, as though you are going to die tomorrow.”Hereafter, as though you are going to die tomorrow.” ((Hadith reported by BaihaqyHadith reported by Baihaqy)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  33. 33. ““What I have forbidden to you, avoid; what I have orderedWhat I have forbidden to you, avoid; what I have ordered you [to do], do as much of it as you can. It was only theiryou [to do], do as much of it as you can. It was only their excessive questioning and their disagreeing with theirexcessive questioning and their disagreeing with their Prophets that destroyed those who came before you.”Prophets that destroyed those who came before you.” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary & MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary & Muslim)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  34. 34. ““There will come a time for mankind (in future),There will come a time for mankind (in future), when they (people) will not care how they work (towhen they (people) will not care how they work (to get their wealth), whether it is Halal (through legalget their wealth), whether it is Halal (through legal means) or Haram (through illicit ways)”means) or Haram (through illicit ways)” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and an-Nasa-iHadith reported by Bukhary and an-Nasa-i)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  35. 35. ““Verily, the flesh and blood which grew from partakingVerily, the flesh and blood which grew from partaking food which are Haram (forbidden) will never enter thefood which are Haram (forbidden) will never enter the Paradise. The fire (of Hell) is most appropriate forParadise. The fire (of Hell) is most appropriate for such.”such.” ((Hadith reported by Tirmidzi and Ibnu HibbanHadith reported by Tirmidzi and Ibnu Hibban)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  36. 36. ““Blessed is He (Allah) in whose hand is dominion, and He isBlessed is He (Allah) in whose hand is dominion, and He is over all things competent -[He] who created death and life toover all things competent -[He] who created death and life to test you [as to] which of you is best in deed - and He is thetest you [as to] which of you is best in deed - and He is the Exalted in Might, the Forgiving -.”Exalted in Might, the Forgiving -.” ((Qur’an: Mulk: 67: 1-2Qur’an: Mulk: 67: 1-2)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  37. 37. ““Allah keeps firm those who believe, with the firm word, inAllah keeps firm those who believe, with the firm word, in worldly life and in the Hereafter. And Allah sends astray theworldly life and in the Hereafter. And Allah sends astray the wrongdoers. And Allah does what He wills.”wrongdoers. And Allah does what He wills.” ((Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 27Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 27)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  38. 38. ““Have you not considered those who exchanged theHave you not considered those who exchanged the favour of Allah for disbelief and settled their people [in]favour of Allah for disbelief and settled their people [in] the home of ruin?”the home of ruin?” ((Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 28Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 28)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  39. 39. AND WITH ALLAH IS THE GUIDANCE AND TRUE SUCCESS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  40. 40. 40  ””All praise is due to Allah, who has guided us unto this;All praise is due to Allah, who has guided us unto this; for we would certainly not have found the right pathfor we would certainly not have found the right path unless Allah had guided us!”unless Allah had guided us!” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  41. 41. 41  And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon the Messenger of Allah and upon His household and Companions . All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  42. 42. 42  "Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of our"Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of our progeny a people Muslim bowing to Thy (Will) and show us ourprogeny a people Muslim bowing to Thy (Will) and show us our places for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (inplaces for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning Most-Merciful.Mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning Most-Merciful. ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 128Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 128)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  43. 43. 43 ““Our Lord ! Grant that our spouses and our offspring be a joy toOur Lord ! Grant that our spouses and our offspring be a joy to our eyes, and cause us to be foremost amongst those who areour eyes, and cause us to be foremost amongst those who are conscious of Thee! (as ‘mut-taqqin’).”conscious of Thee! (as ‘mut-taqqin’).” ((Qur’an : al-Furqan: 25: 74Qur’an : al-Furqan: 25: 74)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  44. 44. 44 "Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm;"Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm; Help us against those that reject faith."Help us against those that reject faith." ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:250Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:250)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  45. 45. 45 ““Our Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth after YouOur Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth after You have guided us; and bestow upon us the gift of Thy Gracehave guided us; and bestow upon us the gift of Thy Grace (Mercy): verily, You are the (true) giver of Gifts (bestowals).”(Mercy): verily, You are the (true) giver of Gifts (bestowals).” ((Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran : 3 : 8Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran : 3 : 8)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  46. 46. 46 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  47. 47. 47 ““Our Lord ! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; OurOur Lord ! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay onLord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us : Our Lord ! Lay not on us a burden greaterthose before us : Our Lord ! Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins, And grantthan we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins, And grant us forgiveness, Have Mercy on us. You are our protector :us forgiveness, Have Mercy on us. You are our protector : Help us against the unbelievers.”Help us against the unbelievers.” ((Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 286Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 286)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  48. 48. 48 "Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter"Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the fire!"and save us from the torment of the fire!" ((Qur’an : al-Baqarah: 2 : 201Qur’an : al-Baqarah: 2 : 201)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  49. 49. 49 ““(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations of Allah and Peace be upon him and his family, in accordanceof Allah and Peace be upon him and his family, in accordance with what he deserves (in Allah’s knowledge & estimation).”with what he deserves (in Allah’s knowledge & estimation).” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  50. 50. 50 And salutations of Allah and Peace beAnd salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our Leader Muhammad, and uponupon our Leader Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions .His household and Companions . All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  51. 51. 51 ”Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” (Qur’an : Saffat: 37 : 180-182) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  52. 52. ““Grant us (these our supplication),Grant us (these our supplication), by Your Mercy, (O Allah, You are) theby Your Mercy, (O Allah, You are) the Most Merciful of those who show Mercy!”Most Merciful of those who show Mercy!” 52 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)
  53. 53. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 53 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2005)

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