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[Slideshare] akhlaq-course (february 2013-batch) - # 3b -(9-march-2013)

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  • 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ILM AL-AKHLAQ ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 3 b – PREPARATION FOR LEARNING INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ILM AL-AKHLAQ “Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Khuluq) disposition.” Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) UPDATED – 9 March 2013
  • 2. PREVIOUS LESSON EPISTEMOLOGY  It is called “Ruh” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do not know except very little.  When it is in cognitive mode of its own existence, awareness of its identity, it is called “Nafs” – ‘self’. And it may go through many ‘states’ ( AHWAL)  The word “Qolb” – “Fu-ad” ‘heart’, also refers to our Soul, when it is in the mode of reflection, or contemplation in understanding meanings. Maintaining its well-being and purity must be of the ultimate concern.  When Allah s.w.t. grants Taufiq whereupon its understanding of ‘Reality’ penetrates deeply, it is referred to as “Lubb” - ‘innermost’; ‘core’  If is guided by Allah to go deeper still, it is referred to as “ Sirr” – ‘secret’  But all these terms refer to the same thing i.e. Our Spiritual Self. WaAllaahu a’lam All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 3. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 4. PREVIOUS LESSON “TRADITIONAL LEARNING FROM ISLAMIC TEACHERS AND SCHOLARS” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 5. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 6. PREVIOUS LESSON “Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion(Deen); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen); a learned scholar (of the Deen) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” (Reported by Bukhary and Muslim) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 7. PREVIOUS LESSON “The best ones amongst you is the person who makes you remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.” (Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a.) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 8. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 9. PREVIOUS LESSON “Knowledge is not from the listening of much narrations (or merely reading books), verily knowledge is light (which Allah s.w.t. casts) into the heart.” (Saying of * Ibnu Mas’ud r.a.) * The famous companion (SAHABI) of the Prophet s.a.a.w. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 11. ING RN WA “Whoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue with the learned (scholars), or to brag with the foolish; or with it to attract peoples’ attention to himself; Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire.” (Hadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn Majah)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 12. “We are (much) in need of a little Adab, from (that of) going out (seeking) after much of ‘ilm (knowledge)” – (Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 13. "Indeed the scholars are the inheritors of the Prophets, but if they fall into covetousness and greed, who shall be taken as leaders? The merchants and businessmen are the trustees of Allah, so if they are treacherous, who can be trusted? The warriors are the guests of Allah so if they become extreme (or take spoils without right), with whom can we defeat the enemies? The righteous and ascetic ones are the kings of the earth but if they become insincere (i.e. have riya’), who shall be followed? The governors/rulers are the shepherds (protectors) of the people, but if the shepherd becomes a wolf, who shall protect the flock?" - Imam Abdullah ibn al-MubarakAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 14. “(‘ilm) Knowledge without Adab, is like (having) fire (but) without wood (fuel); and Adab without knowledge (‘ilm) , is like (having) the Soul (but) without body.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 15.  Purify his soul (nafs) from impure traits and blameworthy Such as:- characteristics. ‘ujub (self-conceit) Juhud (ungrateful; obstinacy) Kibr (arrogance) Hasd (jealousy) Riya’ (ostentatious) Hub al-jah (love for status) Hub ad-dunya (love of the world) Etc. .. amongst others .... He is indeed successful who purify and causes it to grow, (Qur’an: Shams: 91: 10)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 15
  • 16.  Remove impediments (affairs of the world) to devote with undivided attention to the study. “Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his (one) body “ (Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 4)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 16
  • 17.  Never scorn knowledge nor exalt himself/herself over the teacher. Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: “Whosever has humility (tawwadhu’), Allah will raise his rank (and status); and whosoever is arrogant (proud - takabbur) Allah will humiliate him.” (Hadith of our Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 17
  • 18.  Observe priority in learning and submit to the advise of the teacher in the matters of his learning. “... and be satisfied with your ignorance if you have wronged a teacher.” A POEM FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 18
  • 19.  Must be patient and not be hasty in learning as one may need to master praiseworthy knowledge. Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: “Calmness is from Allah, and (whereas) hastiness is from satan.” (Hadith reported by Baihaqy from Anas r.a.)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 19
  • 20.  Do not attempt to address every branch of knowledge but must observe order and begin with the most important. O ye who believe! put not yourselves forward before Allah and His Messenger: but fear Allah: for Allah is He who hears and knows all things. (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 20
  • 21.  Learn to ascertain the noble nature of this or other science. Such as to know value & priority:- Fardh ‘Ain (personal obligation) Fardh Kifaya (community obligation) Muqaddimat (introductory) Mukhtasar (Summary) Mufasssal (Detail) Mujmal (General) Khususiya (Specialised) Usul (Principles) Furu’ (Branches or secondary) Manfa’at (beneficial) Ghoyr Manfa’at (not beneficial) Etc. .. amongst others ....All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 21
  • 22.  Purpose of learning is for the adornment of inner self with virtues – seeking nearness to Allah (“Taqarrub-il- lAllaah”) and attainment of piety (“Taqwa”). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 13)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 22
  • 23. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 24. Avoid polemics. (Difference between Maslahat al-mursalah and Bid’ah) 1. Niyyat : Essentials (rukn ’) in every worship (servitude). 2. Intention is formulated in the heart and mind. 3. In language that one understands. 4. Conscious awareness accompanying the act. 5. Clarity of action and purpose. 6. To eradicate ambiguity. 7. Sincerity towards Allah s.w.t.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 25. As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad (rahimahullah) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 26. “I intend to learn and teach (knowledge), to gain and to share benefits, to receive and to give reminders, to seek (Allah’s) bestowals and to bestow (upon others), to holdfast to the teachings of the Book of Allah (Qur’an) and As-Sunnah of His Messenger s.a.a.w. , to invite towards the right guidance, to show to the path of goodness, beseeching and seeking to please Allah s.w.t., so as to gain nearness to Him and hoping for (His acceptance and) His reward. Amin” As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad (rahimahullah) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 27.  Refer also to the traditional text : “Ta’lim Muta’allim Tariqit Ta’allum” “INSTRUCTION OF THE STUDENT : THE METHOD OF LEARNING” by Sheikh Imam Tajuddin Nu’man al-Zarnuji.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 27
  • 28. EPISTEMOLOGYAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 29. EPISTEMOLOGY OXFORD DICTIONARIES’ DEFINITION: Knowledge is a collection of facts, information, and/or skills acquired through experience or education or (more generally) the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject. It can be implicit (as with practical skill or expertise) or explicit (as with the theoretical understanding of a subject); and it can be more or less formal or systematic.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 30. EPISTEMOLOGY EQUIVALENT TERMS USED IN ISLAM MA’-LUMAT facts, information (information; facts) SINA’-AH (skills, industrious); Skills FANNIYAH (artistry); ’ILM – Knowledge (science and knowledge) education TA-ADDIB; - which includes TA’-LIM; TAR-BIYYAH; TAZKIYYAH, etc.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 31. EPISTEMOLOGY Amongst the definitions: “....... Knowledge is the arrival (husul- )* of the meaning (ma’na- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of the subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’s arrival (wusul- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object of knowledge.” By “meaning” (ma’na- ) is: “the recognition of the proper place of anything in a system ...” Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-AttasAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) * “attainment; acquirement” is a better translation.
  • 32. EPISTEMOLOGYAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 33. Whatever is outside of the Knowledge resides in the person – to be regarded as person – and is also an information ( ) – not attribute (sifat- ) of the knowledge ( ). person him/herself. * By person we mean the “spiritual soul” - RUH. * Unlike those with secular worldview that regard knowledge to reside in the person’s ‘physical’ (brain).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 34. Information may not necessarily Knowledge has to do with convey any meanings, but can be “meanings” – which may subjected to process or include abstract concepts and interpretation – by a human – construct, beyond the striving to seek and arriving at material forms. understanding of “meanings” from it.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 35. Every one may have equal access Yet, there can be difference to a given information. in levels and depths of knowledge to a given information, depending upon who contemplates upon it.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 36. Just as raw data input are meant It is when cognition of man to be processed by the computer , are applied to process our readings, observations, news, these information, that he data and information etc. are may be said to arrive at objects to be understood and ‘knowledge’ (i.e. when it possible meanings from it to be becomes meaningful). comprehended by us human.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 37. THUS the Qur’an categorize THUS the Qur’anic approach these (information) as: “Signs” – for man’s education enjoins him to “Read” ( ) aayat ( ) these signs to arrive at the Al-Qur’an – aayat Qawliyyah “meanings” – regarding the Universe – aayat Kauniyah REALITY.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 38. Note: Arabic word “universe” and “a scholar; one who is knowledgeable” is spelt: ( )All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 39. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 40. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 41. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 42. “ If it [Tasawwuf] consisted of practices, it could be acquired by effort(mujahadah), and if it consisted of sciences, it could be gained by instruction (taallum ) but it is akhlaq and it is not acquired until you demand from yourself the requirements (hukm) of akhlaq, conform your actions to them, and do justice to them. Imam ‘Ali Hujwiri [May Allah be pleased with him]All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 43. The distinction between practices (rusum) and akhlaq is this, that practices are contrived (bi-takalluf) actions proceeding from particular motives (asbab), such that their "outer form" (zahir) is at variance with their "inner truth" (batin); they are actions devoid of essence (mana). Akhlaq, on the other hand, are non-contrived praiseworthy actions not proceeding from particular motives. Their outer form is in harmony with their inner truth; they are actions devoid of pretension.” Imam ‘Ali Hujwiri [May Allah be pleased with him]All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 44. “The knowledge is what benefits, not what is memorized” (Imam Muhammad Idris ash-Shafi’e rhm. a.)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 45. “O YOU who have attained to faith! Why do you say one thing and do another? Most loathsome is it in the sight of Allah that you say what you do not do!” (Qur’an: Saff: 61: 2-3)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 46. “Do you bid other people to be pious, the while you forget your own selves - and yet you recite the divine writ? Will you not, then, use your reason?” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 44)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 47. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 48. “THE PARABLE of those who were graced with the burden of the Torah, and thereafter failed to bear this burden, is that of an ass that carries a load of books [but cannot benefit from them]. Calamitous is the parable of people who are bent on giving the lie to Allahs messages - for Allah does not bestow His guidance upon such evildoing folk!” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 5)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 49. “NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL) “Now there is a kind of man whose views on the life of this world may please thee greatly, and [the more so as] he cites Allah as witness to what is in his heart and is, moreover, exceedingly skilful in argument.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 204)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 50. “NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL) “But whenever he prevails, he goes about the earth spreading corruption and destroying [mans] tilth and progeny: and Allah does not love corruption.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 205)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 51. “NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL) REFLECTION: Today, leaders are chosen by people based on their ability to impress and dazzle others with their speeches. Even those with better character, outstanding moral qualities, proven ability to serve, etc. may simply be ‘passed-over’ by such people who can mesmerised others. They may even claim to religiosity and piety; exceedingly skilful in imitating the learned with information they may read in books and internet; and with their social skills they often manoeuvre and position themselves amongst religious groups seeking to gain ‘credentials’ through such associations.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 52. “NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL) REFLECTION: It is frightening that Islamic values and principle in ascertaining the rightful leadership of the Muslims have been replaced with the secular culture of “corporate governance”, where economic consideration and pragmatism is unashamedly embraced over ethical-religious consideration. “TAQWA” or any references towards adhering to Islamic principles are regarded as orthodox, antiquated and irrelevant to their “progressive”, “open-minded”, “liberal” and “moderate” religiosity (as though coining a new type of ‘Islam’, whatever that means!).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 53. “NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL) “And whenever he is told, "Be conscious of Allah (TAQWA)," his false pride drives him into sin: wherefore hell will be his allotted portion-and how vile a resting-place! ” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 206)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 54. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 55. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ “Hast thou not observed those who assert that they believe in that which hath been sent down unto thee and that which hath been sent down before thee desiring to go to TAGHUT (the devil) for judgement, whereas they have been commanded to disbelieve in him; and Satan desires to lead them far astray.” (Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 60)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 56. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ “As for those who take the deniers of the truth for their allies in preference to the believers - do they hope to be honoured by them when, behold, all honour belongs to Allah [alone]?” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 139)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 57. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ REFLECTION: From being a Muslim, actually one has to strive towards being true believer – Mu’-meen. Without which, hypocrisy (NIFAQ) may afflict such Muslim - especially when they lack sincerity towards Allah and the Prophet s.a.a.w. Such people would inwardly rejects Islam and its teachings, preferring other “-isms”, ways or rules, even when these are contrary to the Islamic principles. Their ignorance of Islam would be obvious yet, they may styled themselves as being well-read, intellectual and ‘knowledgeable ’ on the subject of Islam.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 58. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ “When it is said to them: "Come to what Allah hath revealed and to the Messenger": thou sees the Hypocrites (Munafiqun) , avert their faces from thee in disgust.” (Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 61)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 59. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 60. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ “Of the people there are some who say: "We believe in Allah and the Last Day" but they do not (really) believe. Fain would they deceive Allah and those who believe, but they only deceive themselves, and realize (it) not! In their hearts is a disease; and Allah has increased their disease and grievous is the penalty they (incur), because they are false (to themselves).” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 8-10)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 61. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ “When it is said to them: "Make not mischief on the earth", they say: "Why, we only want to make peace!" (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 11)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 62. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ “When it is said to them: "Believe as the others believe" they say: "Shall we believe as the fools believe?" Nay, of a surety they are the fools, but they do not know.“ (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 13)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 63. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ “When they meet those who believe, they say: "We believe" but when they are alone with their evil ones (SHAYAATIN – their leaders) they say: "We are really with you, we (were) only jesting.“ (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 14)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 64. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ REFLECTION: These Muslims, referred to as hypocrites, would outwardly insist their loyalty and affiliation is with the Muslims, yet they are merely mocking Islam. They may have a hidden agenda for this, because their true loyalty is in fact with their ‘leaders’ whom Allah describes as their ‘Satans’ (SHAYAATIN).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 65. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ “Allah will throw back their mockery on them and give them rope in their trespasses (TUGHYAN) ; so they will wander like blind ones (to and fro)” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 16)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 66. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ “These are they who have bartered guidance for error: but their traffic is profitless, and they have lost true direction.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 16)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 67. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ REFLECTION: Although it may seem that they are successful in their scheme, having their ways infiltrating into the Muslim community and institutions, this is only because Allah has gave them temporary leeway, to test all of us mankind. Yet, the reality is that they (MUNAFIQUN) have no true direction in life, they are astray, groping like the blind.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 68. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ “Of those who reject faith the patrons are the TAGHUT – (Evil Ones): from light they will lead them forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companions of the fire, to dwell therein (for ever).” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 69. REFLECTION: Allah tells us that these hypocrites (MUNAFIQUN) and the Unbelievers (KAFIRUN) are in fact being led by TAGHUT, who is their WALIY (patron, protector, friend, helper, etc.). When judged in the light of Islam, their life is moving along a slippery downward path into further unbelief. One of the most glaring sign of the MUNAFIQUN is their ‘intimate’ alliance, and almost sycophantic dependence upon the help and patronage of those whom Allah had warned us to be vigilant against.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 70. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 71. “O you who believe! Take not for friends and protectors those who take your religion for a mockery or sport,― whether among those who received the Scripture before you, or among those who reject Faith; but (be conscious and) fear you Allah, if you have Faith (indeed).” (Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 57)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 72. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 73. “Never will the Jews or the Christians be satisfied with you unless you follow their form of religion. Say: "The Guidance of Allah that is the (only) Guidance." Were you to follow their desires, after the knowledge which has reached you, then would you find neither protector nor Helper against Allah.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 120)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 74. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 75. “O ye who believe! take not the Jews and the Christians for your AULIYA’ (friends, helpers, protectors, etc.): they are but friends and protectors to each other. And he amongst you that turns to them (for friendship, patronage) is of them. Verily Allah guides not a people unjust.” (Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 51) 51All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 76. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 77. “And, indeed, He has enjoined upon you in this divine writ that whenever you hear people deny the truth of Allahs messages and mock at them, you shall avoid their company until they begin to talk of other things - or else, verily, you will become like them. Behold, together with those who deny the truth Allah will gather in hell the hypocrites,” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 140)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 78. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 78
  • 79. “O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy (bitaanah*) those outside your ranks; they will not fail to corrupt you. They only desire your ruin: rank hatred has already appeared from their mouths; what their hearts conceal is far worse. We have made plain to you the Signs, if ye have wisdom. (Qur’an : Aali’Imran: 3:118) *bitaanah : advisors, consultants, protectors, intimate friends, helpers ...All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 79
  • 80. “O ye who believe! (Be conscious of Allah and) Fear Allah (TAQWA) and be with those who are true (in word and deed).” (Qur’an: Taubah:9: 119)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 80
  • 81. “He is not from my Ummah (community), One who do not respect our elders, or One who is not merciful (kind) to our young, andOne who do not know our ‘Ulama’ - Islamic scholars (and respect their rights ) .” (Hadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by Tabrany ) 81
  • 82. “A person is upon the religion (way of life) of the ones (friends) he is close to, therefore look to whom you (love to be) close to.” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 82
  • 83. Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims: ”Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEEN (Religion), so look thoroughly into the person from whom you acquire (the knowledge of) your DEEN (Religion).”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 83
  • 84. “Whosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increase in his detachment (ZUHD) for the world, would not have any increase with Allah except in his distancing himself further” (Hadith reported by Dailami from ‘Ali ibn Abi Tolib r.a .)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 84
  • 85. “He is not an ascetic (ZAHID) he who is detached (denounce) the dirham and dinar (i.e. money), but verily a true ascetic ( ZAHID) is one who detaches himself from all other except the Irresistable (Allah jallaajalaa-luh)” (Explanation of “ZUHD” by Ibn ‘Arabiy)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 85
  • 86. A SCHOLARS’ ADVICE FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM” “He who does not exert cautious abstinence (WARA’) while learning, God (Allah) the Almighty chastise [him] in one of three ways: [1] either deprives him of life in his youth, or [2] exiles him into [far-off] regions, or [3] punishes him [by forcing him to enter] the service of the Sultan.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 86
  • 87. “O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us the ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 88. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 89. "Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people."All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 90. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 91. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 92. "Verily Allah does not remove knowledge from the (hearts of the) people, rather he takes away knowledge by taking away its people (the true scholars – ‘ULAMA), until there are no more scholars, the people then take leaders that are ignorant, and when they are asked, and give fatwas – religious rulings, (they give) without knowledge, so they misguide and are misguided.“ (Hadith reported by Ashaab as-Sunnan from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a .)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 93. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 93