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[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
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[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)
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[Slideshare a]intermediate islam-introductnakhlaq-lesson#3b cont'd(12-nov-2011)

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“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ILM AL-AKHLAQ ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail …

“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ILM AL-AKHLAQ ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

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  • 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ ILM AL-AKHLAQ “ Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Khuluq) disposition.” Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ ILM AL-AKHLAQ ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 3B – (cont’d) PREPARATION FOR LEARNING
  • 2. <ul><li>It is called “ Ruh ” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do not know except very little. </li></ul><ul><li>When it is in cognitive mode of its own existence, awareness of its identity, it is called “ Nafs ” – ‘self’. And it may go through many ‘states’ ( AHWAL ) </li></ul><ul><li>The word “ Qolb ” – “ Fu-ad ” ‘heart’, also refers to our Soul, when it is in the mode of reflection, or contemplation in understanding meanings. Maintining its well-being and purity must be of the ultimate concern. </li></ul><ul><li>When Allah s.w.t. grants Taufiq whereupon its understanding of ‘Reality’ penetrates deeply, it is referred to as “ Lubb ” - ‘innermost’ </li></ul><ul><li>If is guided by Allah to go deeper still, it is referred to as “ Sirr ” – ‘secret’ </li></ul><ul><li>But all these terms refer to the same thing i.e. Our Spiritual Self. </li></ul><ul><li>WaAllaahu a’lam </li></ul>EPISTEMOLOGY PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 3. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 4. “ TRADITIONAL LEARNING FROM ISLAMIC TEACHERS AND SCHOLARS” PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 5. TO CONTINUE LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 6. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 7. “ It is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom― although they had been, before, in manifest error― .“ ( Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 8. “ As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.” ( Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 9. “ Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will: and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty.” ( Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 4 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 10. “ Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says &amp;quot;I am of those who bow in Islam&amp;quot; ( Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 41: 33 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 11. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 12. “ Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religion ( LIYA-TAFAQQAHU -FID-DEEN ) and admonish the people when they return to them― that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).” ( Qur’an: Taubah: 9:122 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 13. Say: &amp;quot;Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition.“ ( Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 9 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 14. “ So ask the people of the ‘Remembrance’ (i.e. those who know) in matters which you do not know. “ ( Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 7 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 15. “ Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants, those who have knowledge ( AL-’ULAMA ): for Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving. “ ( Qur’an: Fatir: 35: 28 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 16. “ Allah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted Knowledge ( UU-TUL-’ILMA ): and Allah is well-acquainted with all ye do.” ( Qur’an: Mujadilah: 58: 11 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 17. He (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the message but men of understanding .“ ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 269 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 18. Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 19. “ Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion( Deen ); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen ); a learned scholar (of the Deen ) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” ( Reported by Bukhary and Muslim ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 20. “ Whosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek knowledge ( ‘ILMA ), Allah will make easy for him the path to Paradise.” ( Reported by Abu Daud &amp; Tirmidzi ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 21. “ The best ones amongst you is the person who makes your remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.” ( Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a .) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 23. “ Indeed, Allah bestowed a favour upon the believers when he raised up in their midst a Messenger from among themselves, to convey His messages unto them, and to cause them to grow in purity, and to impart unto them the divine writ as well as wisdom - whereas before that they were indeed, most obviously, lost in error.” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 163 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 24. “ Knowledge is not from the listening of much narrations (or merely reading books), verily knowledge is light (which Allah s.w.t. casts) into the heart.” ( Saying of * Ibnu Mas’ud r.a .) * The famous companion (SAHABI) of the Prophet s.a.a.w. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 25. “ The most meritorious of knowledge is knowledge of the ‘ Haal ’ (spiritual state); and the most meritorious of actions ( ‘Amal -deeds) is to maintain (preserve) one’s standing (goodly spiritual state attained).” * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: <ul><li>The famous student of Imam Abu Hanifah r.h.m . </li></ul><ul><li>Amongst the teachers of Imam Ash-Shafi’ie r.h.m </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 26. <ul><li>REFLECTION: </li></ul><ul><li>Our concern should be towards drawing close to Allah spiritually described as states ( Haal ). In the incremental states which we gained, we must strive to maintain with ‘amal (practice) as we can regress. When ‘ istiqomah ’ in one’s Haal is achieved, it is called ‘ Maqom ’ </li></ul>* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 27. “ Learn (seek knowledge)! For the learning is an adornment for the one who (strive and) possesses it; a virtue and a prelude to every praiseworthy action.” * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 28. <ul><li>REFLECTION: </li></ul><ul><li>Certainly, this is from the Islamic perspective of knowledge linked to ‘ibaadah – not the secularist-culture of learning which is attached to value-system quite opposed to Islamic ideals. </li></ul>* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 29. “ Give yourself up to the study of jurisprudence ( FIQH ), for the knowledge of jurisprudence is the best guide to piety and the fear of God and it is the straightest path to the ultimate goal .” <ul><li>REFLECTION: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fiqh ” – literally means “profound understanding (of the Deen)” – ref: al-Qur’an Surah Taubah : 9: 122, which later was used to refer to the studies of Islamic jurisprudence. </li></ul>* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 30. “ It ( FIQH ) is the milestone leading to the ways of proper guidance; it is the fortress that saves [one] from all hardships. “ <ul><li>REFLECTION: </li></ul><ul><li>Again, one has to understand Islam’s value system which do not separate the eternal goodness and hardship in Hereafter with present life which is temporary and fleeting. Thus, those with secular worldview, may not be able to appreciate profoundly this message. </li></ul>* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 31. “ Indeed, one godly person versed in jurisprudence ( FIQH ) is more powerful against Satan than a thousand [ordinary] worshippers.” <ul><li>REFLECTION: </li></ul><ul><li>Only by knowing the boundaries between obedience and disobedience, instilled with Taqwa (fear of transgression) that can effectively equip a Muslim against being tempted or deceived by Satan. Thus, the emphasis upon this knowledge. </li></ul>* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 32. REMEMBER FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 33. Knowledge is a collection of  facts ,  information , and/or  skills  acquired through experience or  education  or (more generally) the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject. It can be implicit (as with practical skill or expertise) or explicit (as with the theoretical understanding of a subject); and it can be more or less formal or systematic. OXFORD DICTIONARIES’ DEFINITION: REMEMBER FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 34.   facts ,  information Skills   Knowledge   education   MA’-LUMAT (information; facts) SINA’-AH (skills, industrious); FANNIYAH (artistry); ’ ILM – (science and knowledge) TA-ADDIB ; - which includes TA’-LIM ; TAR-BIYYAH ; TAZKIYYAH , etc. EQUIVALENT TERMS USED IN ISLAM REMEMBER FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 35. REMEMBER FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 36. <ul><li>Whatever is outside of the person – to be regarded as information ( ) – not knowledge ( ). </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge resides in the person – and is also an attribute ( sifat - ) of the person him/herself. </li></ul><ul><li>* By person we mean the “ spiritual soul ” - RUH . </li></ul>* Unlike those with secular worldview that regard knowledge to reside in the person’s ‘physical’ (brain). REMEMBER FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 37. <ul><li>Information may not necessarily convey any meanings, but can be subjected to process or interpretation – by a human – striving to seek and arriving at understanding of “ meanings ” from it. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge has to do with “ meanings ” – which may include abstract concepts and construct, beyond the material forms. </li></ul>REMEMBER FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 38. <ul><li>Every one may have equal access to a given information. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, there can be difference in levels and depths of knowledge to a given information, depending upon who contemplates upon it. </li></ul>REMEMBER FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 39. <ul><li>Just as raw data input are meant to be processed by the computer , our readings, observations, news, data and information etc. are objects to be understood and possible meanings from it to be comprehended by us human. </li></ul><ul><li>It is when cognition of man are applied to process these information, that he may be said to arrive at ‘ knowledge ’ (i.e. when it becomes meaningful). </li></ul>REMEMBER FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 40. <ul><li>THUS the Qur’an categorize these (information) as: “ Signs ” – aayat ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Qur’an – aayat Qawliyyah </li></ul><ul><li>Universe – aayat Kauniyah </li></ul><ul><li>THUS the Qur’anic approach for man’s education enjoins him to “ Read ” ( ) these signs to arrive at the “ meanings ” – regarding the REALITY . </li></ul>REMEMBER FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 41. Note : Arabic word “ universe ” and “ a scholar; one who is knowledgeable ” is spelt: ( ) REMEMBER FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 42. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 43. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 44. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 45. <ul><li>“ If it [ Tasawwuf ] consisted of practices, it could be acquired by effort ( mujahadah ), and if it consisted of sciences, it could be gained by instruction ( ta&apos;allum  ) but it is  akhlaq  and it is not acquired until you demand from yourself the requirements ( hukm ) of  akhlaq , conform your actions to them, and do justice to them. </li></ul><ul><li>Imam ‘Ali Hujwiri [May Allah be pleased with him] </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 46. <ul><li>The distinction between practices ( rusum ) and  akhlaq  is this, that practices are contrived ( bi-takalluf ) actions proceeding from particular motives ( asbab ), such that their &amp;quot;outer form&amp;quot; ( zahir ) is at variance with their &amp;quot;inner truth&amp;quot; ( batin ); they are actions devoid of essence ( ma&apos;na ).  </li></ul><ul><li>Akhlaq , on the other hand, are non-contrived praiseworthy actions not proceeding from particular motives. Their outer form is in harmony with their inner truth; they are actions devoid of pretension.” </li></ul><ul><li>Imam ‘Ali Hujwiri [May Allah be pleased with him] </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 47. “ The knowledge is what benefits, not what is memorized” ( Imam Muhammad Idris ash-Shafi’e rhm. a .) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 48. “ O YOU who have attained to faith! Why do you say one thing and do another? Most loathsome is it in the sight of Allah that you say what you do not do!” ( Qur’an: Saff: 81: 2-3 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 49. “ Do you bid other people to be pious, the while you forget your own selves - and yet you recite the divine writ? Will you not, then, use your reason?” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 44 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 50. “ THE PARABLE of those who were graced with the burden of the Torah, and thereafter failed to bear this burden, is that of an ass that carries a load of books [but cannot benefit from them]. Calamitous is the parable of people who are bent on giving the lie to Allah&apos;s messages - for Allah does not bestow His guidance upon such evildoing folk!” ( Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 5 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 51. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ Now there is a kind of man whose views on the life of this world may please thee greatly, and [the more so as] he cites Allah as witness to what is in his heart and is, moreover, exceedingly skilful in argument.” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 204 ) “ NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL)
  • 52. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ But whenever he prevails, he goes about the earth spreading corruption and destroying [man&apos;s] tilth and progeny: and God does not love corruption.” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 205 ) “ NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL)
  • 53. <ul><li>REFLECTION: </li></ul><ul><li>Today, leaders are chosen by people based on their ability to impress and dazzle others with their speeches. </li></ul><ul><li>Even those with better character, outstanding moral qualities, proven ability to serve, etc. may simply be ‘passed-over’ by such people who can mesmerised others. They may even claim to religiosity and piety; exceedingly skilful in imitating the learned with information they may read in books and internet; and with their social skills they often manoeuvre and position themselves amongst religious groups seeking to gain ‘credentials’ through such associations. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL)
  • 54. <ul><li>REFLECTION: </li></ul><ul><li>It is frightening that Islamic values and principle in ascertaining the rightful leadership of the Muslims have been replaced with the secular culture of “ corporate governance ”, where economic consideration and pragmatism is unashamedly embraced over ethical-religious consideration. </li></ul><ul><li>“ TAQWA ” or any references towards adhering to Islamic principles are regarded as orthodox, antiquated and irrelevant to their “ progressive ”, “ open-minded ”, “liberal” and “ moderate ” religiosity (as though coining a new type of ‘Islam’, whatever that means!). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL)
  • 55. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ And whenever he is told, &amp;quot;Be conscious of Allah ( TAQWA ),&amp;quot; his false pride drives him into sin: wherefore hell will be his allotted portion-and how vile a resting-place! ” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 206 ) “ NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL)
  • 56. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 57. “ Hast thou not observed those who assert that they believe in that which hath been sent down unto thee and that which hath been sent down before thee desiring to go to TAGHUT (the devil) for judgement, whereas they have been commanded to disbelieve in him; and Satan desires to lead them far astray.” ( Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 60 ) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 58. “ As for those who take the deniers of the truth for their allies in preference to the believers - do they hope to be honoured by them when, behold, all honour belongs to Allah [alone]?” ( Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 139 ) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 59. <ul><li>REFLECTION: </li></ul><ul><li>From being a Muslim , actually one has to strive towards being true believer – Mu’-meen . Without which, hypocrisy ( NIFAQ ) may afflict such Muslim - especially when they lack sincerity towards Allah and the Prophet s.a.a.w. </li></ul><ul><li>Such people would inwardly rejects Islam and its teachings, preferring other “ - isms ”, ways or rules, even when these are contrary to the Islamic principles. Their ignorance of Islam would be obvious yet, they may styled themselves as being well-read, intellectual and ‘ knowledgeable ’ on the subject of Islam. </li></ul>ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 60. “ When it is said to them: &amp;quot;Come to what Allah hath revealed and to the Messenger&amp;quot;: thou sees the Hypocrites ( Munafiqun ) , avert their faces from thee in disgust.” ( Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 61 ) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 61. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 62. “ Of the people there are some who say: &amp;quot;We believe in Allah and the Last Day&amp;quot; but they do not (really) believe. Fain would they deceive Allah and those who believe, but they only deceive themselves, and realize (it) not! In their hearts is a disease; and Allah has increased their disease and grievous is the penalty they (incur), because they are false (to themselves). ” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 8-10 ) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 63. “ When it is said to them: &amp;quot;Make not mischief on the earth&amp;quot;, they say: &amp;quot;Why, we only want to make peace!&amp;quot; ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 11 ) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 64. “ When it is said to them: &amp;quot;Believe as the others believe&amp;quot; they say: &amp;quot;Shall we believe as the fools believe?&amp;quot; Nay, of a surety they are the fools, but they do not know.“ ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 13 ) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 65. “ When they meet those who believe, they say: &amp;quot;We believe&amp;quot; but when they are alone with their evil ones ( SHAYAATIN – their leaders) they say: &amp;quot;We are really with you, we (were) only jesting.“ ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 14 ) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 66. <ul><li>REFLECTION: </li></ul><ul><li>These Muslims, referred to as hypocrites, would outwardly insist their loyalty and affiliation is with the Muslims, yet they are merely mocking Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>They may have a hidden agenda for this, because their true loyalty is in fact with their ‘ leaders ’ whom Allah describes as their ‘ Satans ’ ( SHAYAATIN ). </li></ul>ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 67. “ Allah will throw back their mockery on them and give them rope in their trespasses ( TUGHYAN ) ; so they will wander like blind ones (to and fro)” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 16 ) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 68. “ These are they who have bartered guidance for error: but their traffic is profitless, and they have lost true direction.” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 16 ) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 69. <ul><li>REFLECTION: </li></ul><ul><li>Although it may seem that they are successful in their scheme, having their ways infiltrating into the Muslim community and institutions, this is only because Allah has gave them temporary leeway, to test all of us mankind. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, the reality is that they ( MUNAFIQUN ) have no true direction in life, they are astray, groping like the blind. </li></ul>ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 70. “ Of those who reject faith the patrons are the TAGHUT – (Evil Ones): from light they will lead them forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companions of the fire, to dwell therein (for ever).” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 71. <ul><li>REFLECTION: </li></ul><ul><li>Allah tells us that these hypocrites ( MUNAFIQUN ) and the Unbelievers ( KAFIRUN ) are in fact being led by TAGHUT , who is their WALIY (patron, protector, friend, helper, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>When judged in the light of Islam, their life is moving along a slippery downward path into further unbelief. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most glaring sign of the MUNAFIQUN is their ‘ intimate ’ alliance, and almost sycophantic dependence upon the help and patronage of those whom Allah had warned us to be vigilant against. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 72. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 73. “ O you who believe! Take not for friends and protectors those who take your religion for a mockery or sport ,― whether among those who received the Scripture before you, or among those who reject Faith; but (be conscious and) fear you Allah, if you have Faith (indeed).” ( Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 57 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 74. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 75. “ Never will the Jews or the Christians be satisfied with you unless you follow their form of religion. Say: &amp;quot;The Guidance of Allah that is the (only) Guidance.&amp;quot; Were you to follow their desires, after the knowledge which has reached you, then would you find neither protector nor Helper against Allah.” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 120 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 76. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 77. “ O ye who believe! take not the Jews and the Christians for your AULIYA’ (friends, helpers, protectors, etc.): they are but friends and protectors to each other. And he amongst you that turns to them (for friendship, patronage) is of them . Verily Allah guides not a people unjust.” ( Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 51 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 78. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 79. “ And, indeed, He has enjoined upon you in this divine writ that whenever you hear people deny the truth of Allah&apos;s messages and mock at them, you shall avoid their company until they begin to talk of other things - or else, verily, you will become like them. Behold, together with those who deny the truth Allah will gather in hell the hypocrites,” ( Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 140 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 80. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 81. “ O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy ( bitaanah * ) those outside your ranks; they will not fail to corrupt you. They only desire your ruin: rank hatred has already appeared from their mouths; what their hearts conceal is far worse. We have made plain to you the Signs, if ye have wisdom. ( Qur’an : Aali’Imran: 3:118 ) * bitaanah : advisors, consultants, protectors, intimate friends, helpers ... All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 82. “ O ye who believe! (Be conscious of Allah and) Fear Allah ( TAQWA ) and be with those who are true (in word and deed).” ( Qur’an: Taubah:9: 119 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 83. “ He is not from my Ummah (community), One who do not respect our elders, or One who is not merciful (kind) to our young, and One who do not know our ‘Ulama’ - Islamic scholars (and respect their rights ) .” ( Hadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by Tabrany ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 84. “ A person is upon the religion (way of life) of the ones (friends) he is close to, therefore look to whom you (love to be) close to.” ( Hadith reported by Tirmidzi ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 85. ” Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEEN (Religion), so look thoroughly into the person from whom you acquire (the knowledge of) your DEEN (Religion).” Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 86. “ Whosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increase in his detachment ( ZUHD ) for the world, would not have any increase with Allah except in his distancing himself further” ( Hadith reported by Dailami from ‘Ali ibn Abi Tolib r.a .) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 87. “ He is not an ascetic ( ZAHID ) he who is detached (denounce) the dirham and dinar (i.e. money), but verily a true ascetic ( ZAHID ) is one who detaches himself from all other except the Irresistable ( Allah jallaajalaa-luh )” ( Explanation of “ ZUHD ” by Ibn ‘Arabiy ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 88. “ He who does not exert abstinence ( WARA’) while learning, God (Allah) the Almighty chastise [him] in one of three ways: [1] either deprives him of life in his youth, or [2] exiles him into [far-off] regions, or [3] punishes him [by forcing him to enter] the service of the Sultan.” A SCHOLARS’ ADVICE FROM KITAB “ TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM ” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 89. “ O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us the ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 90. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 91. &amp;quot;Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people.&amp;quot; All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 92. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)

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