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[Slideshare] adab-lesson#9=adab-towards-al-qur'an-allah-[1-feb-2012]

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LESSONS ON ISLAMIC …

LESSONS ON ISLAMIC
CONCEPT OF ADAB
By: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail
ADAB TOWARDS
اَلْقُرْآنُ الْكَرِيْمِ
THE NOBLE
QUR’AN

Published in: Education, Spiritual

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  • 1. 1 LESSONS ONLESSONS ON ISLAMICISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADABCONCEPT OF ADAB By: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Insha’Allah -This is a follow-up course, after completion of 18 weeks course on the kitab “Ta’lim al-Muta’allim Tariqit Ta’allum ” of Sheikh Tajuddin Nu’man Zarnuji ( 1st February 2012 ) Every Wednesday night @ 8pm Wisma Indah 448 Changi Rd,#02-00 (Next to Masjid Kassim), Arabic (plural) of Adab : meanings – “good breeding, decency, nurture, good manners, refinement, cultured, decorum, courteous, etiquette, propriety, social grace, to educate, discipline, the humanities, etc.” sense of proportion and knowledge of their rightful place in the order of things, the absence of which indicates injustice LESSON# 9LESSON# 9 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASSIONATE MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 2ND RUN OF THE MODULE
  • 2. By retracing our life, we start with understandingBy retracing our life, we start with understanding our basic nature as a human being - havingour basic nature as a human being - having inherent powers and their potentialities to beinherent powers and their potentialities to be developed.developed. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 3. In our relationship regarding our Education – weIn our relationship regarding our Education – we are to encounter, i.e. assisted by our educators -are to encounter, i.e. assisted by our educators - with what is referred to as, “with what is referred to as, “knowledgeknowledge”.”. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 4. Yet, we are born helpless and have to be cared,Yet, we are born helpless and have to be cared, nurtured, to be inculcated with discipline, taught andnurtured, to be inculcated with discipline, taught and developed by adeveloped by a Murabbi’Murabbi’ (EDUCATOR) – the first of(EDUCATOR) – the first of whom are our PARENTS.whom are our PARENTS. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 5. Relationship with the Parents and TeacherRelationship with the Parents and Teacher Yet, we are born helpless and have to be cared,Yet, we are born helpless and have to be cared, nurtured, to be inculcated with discipline, taught andnurtured, to be inculcated with discipline, taught and developed by adeveloped by a Murabbi’Murabbi’ (EDUCATOR) – the first of(EDUCATOR) – the first of whom are our PARENTS.whom are our PARENTS. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 6. Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODY TONGUE MIND DESIRE HEART Obedience to Parents and teachersObedience to Parents and teachers Beginning of education: [1] Tarbiyya pertains to training of the soul still attached to desires, etc. Teacher/Educator: [1] Parent [2] Teacher Although ultimate is Knowledge, (both theoretical and practical) – initial disciplining, rote learning, memorization, etc. may be crucial. PARENTSPARENTS TEACHERSTEACHERS KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE Relationship with the Parents and TeacherRelationship with the Parents and Teacher All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 7. Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODY TONGUE MIND DESIRE HEART Obedience to Parents and teachersObedience to Parents and teachers Beginning of education: [1] Tarbiyya pertains to training of the soul still attached to desires, etc. Teacher/Educator: [1] Parent [2] Teacher Although ultimate is Knowledge, (both theoretical and practical) – initial disciplining, rote learning, memorization, etc. may be crucial. KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE Relationship with the Parents and TeacherRelationship with the Parents and Teacher PARENTSPARENTS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) TEACHERSTEACHERS
  • 8. ““Educate (nurture) your children upon three things:Educate (nurture) your children upon three things: [1] To Love your Prophet (s.a.w.),[1] To Love your Prophet (s.a.w.), [2] And to love the Family members of his household (Aali[2] And to love the Family members of his household (Aali Muhammad),Muhammad), [3] and (learn) to recite Al-Qur’an.”[3] and (learn) to recite Al-Qur’an.” ((Hadith narrated by TabraniHadith narrated by Tabrani)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 9. “Educate (nurture) your children upon three things: [1] To Love your Prophet (s.a.w.), [2] And to love the Family members of his household (Aali Muhammad), [3] and (learn) to recite Al-Qur’an.” (Hadith narrated by Tabrani) SELFSELF KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE TEACHERSTEACHERS THE WORLDTHE WORLD PARENTSPARENTS TIMETIME ALLAH AHLIL-BAYTIHI ASHAABIHI AL-QUR’ANAL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAHRelationshipRelationship towards thetowards the Prophet s.a.w. hisProphet s.a.w. his household &household & companions, andcompanions, and reciting al-Qur’anreciting al-Qur’an HISTORYHISTORY *Seerah Tashri’ Tabaqat Islamic S.E. Asia The World All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RASULULLAH
  • 10. WHAT ARE THESE AND HOW TO INCULCATE. ?WHAT ARE THESE AND HOW TO INCULCATE. ? All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 11. “Educate (nurture) your children upon three things: [1] To Love your Prophet (s.a.w.), [2] And to love the Family members of his household (Aali Muhammad), [3] and (learn) to recite Al-Qur’an.” (Hadith narrated by Tabrani) SELFSELF KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE TEACHERSTEACHERS THE WORLDTHE WORLD PARENTSPARENTS TIMETIME ALLAH ASHAABIHI AL-QUR’ANAL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAHRelationshipRelationship towards thetowards the Prophet s.a.w. hisProphet s.a.w. his household &household & companions, andcompanions, and reciting al-Qur’anreciting al-Qur’an HISTORYHISTORY *Seerah Tashri’ Tabaqat Islamic S.E. Asia The World All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RASULULLAH AHLIL-BAYTIHI
  • 12. HAVE YOU REALLY KNOWN THEM ?HAVE YOU REALLY KNOWN THEM ? All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 13. “Educate (nurture) your children upon three things: [1] To Love your Prophet (s.a.w.), [2] And to love the Family members of his household (Aali Muhammad), [3] and (learn) to recite Al-Qur’an.” (Hadith narrated by Tabrani) SELFSELF KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE TEACHERSTEACHERS THE WORLDTHE WORLD PARENTSPARENTS TIMETIME ALLAH ASHAABIHI AL-QUR’ANAL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAHRelationshipRelationship towards thetowards the Prophet s.a.w. hisProphet s.a.w. his household &household & companions, andcompanions, and reciting al-Qur’anreciting al-Qur’an HISTORYHISTORY *Seerah Tashri’ Tabaqat Islamic S.E. Asia The World All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RASULULLAH AHLIL-BAYTIHI
  • 14. “Educate (nurture) your children upon three things: [1] To Love your Prophet (s.a.w.), [2] And to love the Family members of his household (Aali Muhammad), [3] and (learn) to recite Al-Qur’an.” (Hadith narrated by Tabrani) SELFSELF KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE TEACHERSTEACHERS THE WORLDTHE WORLD PARENTSPARENTS TIMETIME ALLAH ASHAABIHI AS-SUNNAHRelationshipRelationship towards thetowards the Prophet s.a.w. hisProphet s.a.w. his household &household & companions, andcompanions, and reciting al-Qur’anreciting al-Qur’an HISTORYHISTORY *Seerah Tashri’ Tabaqat Islamic S.E. Asia The World All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RASULULLAH AHLIL-BAYTIHI AL-QUR’ANAL-QUR’AN
  • 15. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 16. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON ““... the Book of Allah, Most Exalted... the Book of Allah, Most Exalted (al-Qur’an), is the cable stretched from(al-Qur’an), is the cable stretched from heaven to earth;”heaven to earth;” ((Prophet Muhammad s.a.wProphet Muhammad s.a.w.).)
  • 17. Etiquette with the Quran : English translationEtiquette with the Quran : English translation ofof Al-Tibyan fi Adab Hamalat al-Qur'anAl-Tibyan fi Adab Hamalat al-Qur'an ((Imam An-Nawawi rahimahumullahImam An-Nawawi rahimahumullah)) ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CLASSICAL BOOK THATONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CLASSICAL BOOK THAT DISCUSSES EXTENSIVELY REGARDING THE SUBJECT.DISCUSSES EXTENSIVELY REGARDING THE SUBJECT. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 18. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) ““O MANKIND! There has now come unto you an admonitionO MANKIND! There has now come unto you an admonition from your Sustainer, and a cure for all [the ill] that may befrom your Sustainer, and a cure for all [the ill] that may be in men's hearts, and guidance and grace unto all whoin men's hearts, and guidance and grace unto all who believe [in Him].”believe [in Him].” ((Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 57Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 57))
  • 19. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) ““Hallowed is He who from on high, step by step, has bestowedHallowed is He who from on high, step by step, has bestowed upon His servant the standard by which to discern the trueupon His servant the standard by which to discern the true from the false, so that to all the world it might be a warning:”from the false, so that to all the world it might be a warning:” ((Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 1Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 1))
  • 20. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 21. ““O you who have attained to faith! Hold fast unto yourO you who have attained to faith! Hold fast unto your belief in Allah and His Messenger, and in the divine writbelief in Allah and His Messenger, and in the divine writ which He has bestowed from on high upon Hiswhich He has bestowed from on high upon His Messenger, step by step, as well as in the revelationMessenger, step by step, as well as in the revelation which He sent down aforetime: for he who denies Allah,which He sent down aforetime: for he who denies Allah, and His angels, and His revelations, and His messengers,and His angels, and His revelations, and His messengers, and the Last Day, has indeed gone far astray.”and the Last Day, has indeed gone far astray.” ((Qur’an: an-Nisa’: 4: 136Qur’an: an-Nisa’: 4: 136)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 22. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 23. ““They who are bent on denying the truth claim that they willThey who are bent on denying the truth claim that they will never be raised from the dead! Say: "Yea, by my Sustainer!never be raised from the dead! Say: "Yea, by my Sustainer! Most surely will you be raised from the dead, and then, mostMost surely will you be raised from the dead, and then, most surely, will you be made to understand what you did [in life]!surely, will you be made to understand what you did [in life]! For, easy is this for Allah.For, easy is this for Allah. Believe then, [O men,] in Allah and His Messenger, and in theBelieve then, [O men,] in Allah and His Messenger, and in the light [of revelation] which We have bestowed [on you] from onlight [of revelation] which We have bestowed [on you] from on high (al-Qur’an)! And Allah is fully aware of all that you do.”high (al-Qur’an)! And Allah is fully aware of all that you do.” ((Qur’an: Taghabun: 64: 7-8Qur’an: Taghabun: 64: 7-8)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 24. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 25. ““VERILY, this Qur'an shows the way to all that is mostVERILY, this Qur'an shows the way to all that is most upright, and gives the believers who do good deeds the gladupright, and gives the believers who do good deeds the glad tiding that theirs will be a great reward; and [it announces,tiding that theirs will be a great reward; and [it announces, too,] that We have readied grievous suffering for those whotoo,] that We have readied grievous suffering for those who will not believe in the life to come.”will not believe in the life to come.” ((Qur’an: al-Isra’: 17: 9-10Qur’an: al-Isra’: 17: 9-10)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 26. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 27. ““ALL PRAISE is due to Allah, who has bestowed. this divineALL PRAISE is due to Allah, who has bestowed. this divine writ from on high upon His servant, and has not allowed anywrit from on high upon His servant, and has not allowed any deviousness to obscure its meaning: [a divine writ] unerringlydeviousness to obscure its meaning: [a divine writ] unerringly straight, meant to warn [the godless] of a severe punishmentstraight, meant to warn [the godless] of a severe punishment from Him, and to give unto the believers who do good worksfrom Him, and to give unto the believers who do good works the glad tiding that theirs shall be a goodly reward- [a statethe glad tiding that theirs shall be a goodly reward- [a state of bliss] in which they. shall dwell beyond the count of time.”of bliss] in which they. shall dwell beyond the count of time.” ((Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 1-3Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 1-3)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 28. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 29. ““Furthermore, [this divine writ is meant] to warn all thoseFurthermore, [this divine writ is meant] to warn all those who assert, "God has taken unto Himself a son. Nowho assert, "God has taken unto Himself a son. No knowledge whatever have they of Him, and neither had theirknowledge whatever have they of Him, and neither had their forefathers: dreadful -is this saying that comes out of theirforefathers: dreadful -is this saying that comes out of their mouths, [and] nothing but falsehood do they utter!”mouths, [and] nothing but falsehood do they utter!” ((Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 4-5Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 4-5)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 30. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 31. ““Ta Ha (O MAN)! We did not bestow the Qur'an on thee from on highTa Ha (O MAN)! We did not bestow the Qur'an on thee from on high to make thee unhappy, but only as an exhortation to all who stand into make thee unhappy, but only as an exhortation to all who stand in awe [of Allah]:a revelation from Him who has created the earth andawe [of Allah]:a revelation from Him who has created the earth and the high heavens; the Most Gracious, established on the throne of Histhe high heavens; the Most Gracious, established on the throne of His almightiness? Unto Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all thatalmightiness? Unto Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth, as well as all that is between them and all that is beneathis on earth, as well as all that is between them and all that is beneath the soil. And if thou say anything aloud, [He hears it] since, behold, Hethe soil. And if thou say anything aloud, [He hears it] since, behold, He knows [even] the secret [thoughts of man] as well as all that is yetknows [even] the secret [thoughts of man] as well as all that is yet more hidden [within him]. Allah - there is no deity save Him; Hismore hidden [within him]. Allah - there is no deity save Him; His [alone] are the attributes of perfection!”[alone] are the attributes of perfection!” ((Qur’an: Ta Ha: 20: 1-8Qur’an: Ta Ha: 20: 1-8)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 32. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 33. ““AND [on that Day] the Messenger will say: “O my Sustainer!AND [on that Day] the Messenger will say: “O my Sustainer! Behold, [some of] my people have come to regard this Qur’an asBehold, [some of] my people have come to regard this Qur’an as something [that ought to be] discarded (something [that ought to be] discarded (MAH-JUURAMAH-JUURA)!)! For so it is that against every prophet We have set up enemiesFor so it is that against every prophet We have set up enemies from among those who are lost in sin: yet none can guide and givefrom among those who are lost in sin: yet none can guide and give succour as thy Sustainer does!”succour as thy Sustainer does!” ((Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 30-31Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 30-31)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 34. has the meanings: “has the meanings: “abandoned, forsaken, deserted, in disuse; out ofabandoned, forsaken, deserted, in disuse; out of use, obsolete, antiquated, archaicuse, obsolete, antiquated, archaic, etc.”, etc.” Also noteAlso note:: another word derived from same root isanother word derived from same root is ‫ه‬‫ه‬ meansmeans ““obsceneobscene” , thus the translation sometimes given in the verse is that” , thus the translation sometimes given in the verse is that they treat the Qur’an as “they treat the Qur’an as “just a foolish nonsensejust a foolish nonsense” stressing their” stressing their aversion to the Qur’an and its teachings, its people (aversion to the Qur’an and its teachings, its people ( ahlul-Qur’anahlul-Qur’an)) etc.etc. WaAllaahu a’lamWaAllaahu a’lam All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 35. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) ““But as for him who shall turn away from remembering Me -But as for him who shall turn away from remembering Me - his shall be a life of narrow scope and on the Day ofhis shall be a life of narrow scope and on the Day of Resurrection We shall raise him up blind.“Resurrection We shall raise him up blind.“ ((Qur’an: Ta Ha: 20: 124Qur’an: Ta Ha: 20: 124))
  • 36. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) ““[And so, on Resurrection Day, the sinner] will ask: "O my[And so, on Resurrection Day, the sinner] will ask: "O my Sustainer! Why hast Thou raised me up blind, whereas [on earth]Sustainer! Why hast Thou raised me up blind, whereas [on earth] I was endowed with sight?”I was endowed with sight?” ((Qur’an: Ta Ha: 20: 125Qur’an: Ta Ha: 20: 125))
  • 37. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) [Allah] will reply: "Thus it is: there came unto thee Our messages,[Allah] will reply: "Thus it is: there came unto thee Our messages, but thou were oblivious of them; and thus shalt thou be todaybut thou were oblivious of them; and thus shalt thou be today consigned to oblivion (disregarded)!"consigned to oblivion (disregarded)!" ((Qur’an: Ta Ha: 20: 126Qur’an: Ta Ha: 20: 126))
  • 38. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) ““For, thus shall We recompense him who wastes his own self andFor, thus shall We recompense him who wastes his own self and does not believe in his Sustainer's messages: and, indeed, thedoes not believe in his Sustainer's messages: and, indeed, the suffering [of such sinners] in the life to come shall be most severesuffering [of such sinners] in the life to come shall be most severe and most enduring!”and most enduring!” ((Qur’an: Ta Ha: 20: 127Qur’an: Ta Ha: 20: 127))
  • 39. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 40. ““O you servants of Mine! Be, then, conscious of Me - seeingO you servants of Mine! Be, then, conscious of Me - seeing that for those who shun the powers of evil lest they [bethat for those who shun the powers of evil lest they [be tempted to] worship them, and turn unto Allah instead, theretempted to] worship them, and turn unto Allah instead, there is the glad tiding [of happiness in the life to come].is the glad tiding [of happiness in the life to come]. Give, then, this glad tiding to [those of] My servants; whoGive, then, this glad tiding to [those of] My servants; who listen [closely] to all that is said, and follow the best of it: [for]listen [closely] to all that is said, and follow the best of it: [for] it is they whom Allah has graced with His guidance, and it isit is they whom Allah has graced with His guidance, and it is they who are [truly] endowed with insight!”they who are [truly] endowed with insight!” ((Qur’an: az-Zumar: 39: 16-18Qur’an: az-Zumar: 39: 16-18)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 41. ““to read, to read out loud, public reading, to recite,to read, to read out loud, public reading, to recite, recitation, to follow one another, be successive,”recitation, to follow one another, be successive,” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 42. ““to declaim, to recite, to read, to peruse, to study,”to declaim, to recite, to read, to peruse, to study,” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 43. ““reflection, meditation, thinking, consideration,reflection, meditation, thinking, consideration, contemplation”contemplation” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 44. ““to remember, bear in mind, think, keep in mind, knowto remember, bear in mind, think, keep in mind, know by heart, recall, recollect, to repeat from memory, toby heart, recall, recollect, to repeat from memory, to remind, to point out, to confer, take counsel, etc.”remind, to point out, to confer, take counsel, etc.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 45. Al-KitabAl-Kitab (the Book) – (ref: Qur’an: 2:2)(the Book) – (ref: Qur’an: 2:2) Al-FurqanAl-Furqan (the Criterion) – (ref: Qur’an: 25:1)(the Criterion) – (ref: Qur’an: 25:1) Al-Shifa’Al-Shifa’ (the Healing) – (ref: Qur’an: 10: 57)(the Healing) – (ref: Qur’an: 10: 57) Al-HudaAl-Huda (the Guidance) – (ref: Qur’an: 72: 13)(the Guidance) – (ref: Qur’an: 72: 13) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 46. Al-DzikrAl-Dzikr (the Reminder) – (ref: Qur’an: 15:9)(the Reminder) – (ref: Qur’an: 15:9) Al-HikmahAl-Hikmah (the Wisdom) – (ref: Qur’an: 17:39)(the Wisdom) – (ref: Qur’an: 17:39) Al-HaqqAl-Haqq (the Truth) – (ref: Qur’an: 7:157)(the Truth) – (ref: Qur’an: 7:157) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 47. Al--KhayrAl--Khayr (the Goodness) – (ref: Qur’an: 3: 104)(the Goodness) – (ref: Qur’an: 3: 104) Al-Qur’an al-MajeedAl-Qur’an al-Majeed (the Sublime Recitation) –(the Sublime Recitation) – (ref: Qur’an: 50:1)(ref: Qur’an: 50:1) Al-Qur’an al-HakeemAl-Qur’an al-Hakeem (the Recitation full of Wisdom) –(the Recitation full of Wisdom) – (ref: Qur’an: 36: 2)(ref: Qur’an: 36: 2) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 48. There are other adjectives and verbs used for the Qur’an (butThere are other adjectives and verbs used for the Qur’an (but without the definite article –without the definite article – ““alal ”” literally meaning “literally meaning “thethe ” which” which when added to a verb or an adjective would become a name): viz.when added to a verb or an adjective would become a name): viz. KarimKarim (Noble),(Noble), Hab-lullaahHab-lullaah (rope or bond with God),(rope or bond with God), Mau-’idzahMau-’idzah (Admonition),(Admonition), All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 49. There are other adjectives and verbs used for the Qur’an (butThere are other adjectives and verbs used for the Qur’an (but without the definite article –without the definite article – ““alal ”” literally meaning “literally meaning “thethe ” which” which when added to a verb or an adjective would become a name): viz.when added to a verb or an adjective would become a name): viz. TadzkirahTadzkirah (Reminder),(Reminder), HukmHukm (the Ordinance),(the Ordinance), BurhaanBurhaan (proof),(proof), TanzilTanzil (brought down from on High(brought down from on High),), All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 50. There are other adjectives and verbs used for the Qur’an (butThere are other adjectives and verbs used for the Qur’an (but without the definite article –without the definite article – ““alal ”” literally meaning “literally meaning “thethe ” which” which when added to a verb or an adjective would become a name): viz.when added to a verb or an adjective would become a name): viz. Tib-yaan-li-kulli-shai’Tib-yaan-li-kulli-shai’ (explanation for everything),(explanation for everything), WahyiWahyi (revelation),(revelation), All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 51. There are other adjectives and verbs used for the Qur’an (butThere are other adjectives and verbs used for the Qur’an (but without the definite article –without the definite article – ““alal ”” literally meaning “literally meaning “thethe ” which” which when added to a verb or an adjective would become a name): viz.when added to a verb or an adjective would become a name): viz. Marfu-‘atin-Mutah-harahMarfu-‘atin-Mutah-harah (Lofty and Pure)(Lofty and Pure) RuhRuh (Spirit or life giving message)(Spirit or life giving message) Ah-san al-hadithAh-san al-hadith (the best of speech), etc.(the best of speech), etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 52. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) ““Verily, by this Book (al-Qur’an) Allah elevates (the ranks of) a peopleVerily, by this Book (al-Qur’an) Allah elevates (the ranks of) a people (honouring them) and (by it too He) lowers (the ranks of) others”(honouring them) and (by it too He) lowers (the ranks of) others” ((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim))
  • 53. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) ““Whenever any one of you wish to speak (converse) withWhenever any one of you wish to speak (converse) with His Robb (Lord Sustainer), let him read the Qur’an”His Robb (Lord Sustainer), let him read the Qur’an” ((Hadith reported by Dailamy and BaihaqyHadith reported by Dailamy and Baihaqy))
  • 54. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) ““Whoever recites one letter from the Book of Allah (al-Qur’an)Whoever recites one letter from the Book of Allah (al-Qur’an) will be rewarded with onewill be rewarded with one HasanahHasanah (merit), the merit then(merit), the merit then would be multiplied by ten (would be multiplied by ten (HasanahHasanah)”)” ((Hadith reported by Dailamy and BaihaqyHadith reported by Dailamy and Baihaqy))
  • 55. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “The best amongst you is one who learns the Qur’an and who teaches it” (Hadith reported by Bukhary)
  • 56. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “Those who are proficient in reciting the Qur’an will be amongst the ranks noble of angels in servitude; And as for those still struggling (to learn) with difficulty reciting will receive double (the reward).” (Hadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim)
  • 57. “ ... and (learn) to recite Al-Qur’an.” (Hadith narrated by Tabarani All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 58. ““Every (knowledge and skill), for which an obligation cannot beEvery (knowledge and skill), for which an obligation cannot be fulfilled except by (possessing) it (i.e. knowledge and skill),fulfilled except by (possessing) it (i.e. knowledge and skill), its acquisition is (therefore) obligatory (its acquisition is (therefore) obligatory (waajibwaajib).”).” - A principle in Islamic jurisprudenceA principle in Islamic jurisprudence. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 59. SIMPLE RULESIMPLE RULE:: 1.1.Clear pronunciation of letters (Clear pronunciation of letters (makhrajmakhraj).). 2.2.Stressing the rule of stoppage (Stressing the rule of stoppage (sukunsukun).). 3.3.Stressing the dual-usage of letterStressing the dual-usage of letter indicated by a (indicated by a (saddasadda) – stop and) – stop and then to begin.then to begin. 4. Giving due length-duration to4. Giving due length-duration to verbalizing (verbalizing (maddmadd)) Bis-mil-laa-hir-roBis-mil-laa-hir-roHH-maa-nir-ro--maa-nir-ro-HHeemeem All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 60. SIMPLE RULESIMPLE RULE:: 1.1.Clear pronunciation of letters (Clear pronunciation of letters (makhrajmakhraj).). 2.2.Stressing the rule of stoppage (Stressing the rule of stoppage (sukunsukun).). 3.3.Stressing the dual-usage of letterStressing the dual-usage of letter indicated by a (indicated by a (saddasadda) – stop and) – stop and then to begin.then to begin. 4. Giving due length-duration to4. Giving due length-duration to verbalizing (verbalizing (maddmadd)) Al-Al-HHam-du-lil-laa-hi rob-bil-am-du-lil-laa-hi rob-bil-’a’aa-la-meena-la-meen All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 61. SIMPLE RULESIMPLE RULE:: 1.1.Clear pronunciation of letters (Clear pronunciation of letters (makhrajmakhraj).). 2.2.Stressing the rule of stoppage (Stressing the rule of stoppage (sukunsukun).). 3.3.Stressing the dual-usage of letterStressing the dual-usage of letter indicated by a (indicated by a (saddasadda) – stop and) – stop and then to begin.then to begin. 4. Giving due length-duration to4. Giving due length-duration to verbalizing (verbalizing (maddmadd)) Ar-roAr-roHH-maa-nir-ro--maa-nir-ro-HHee-mee-m All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 62. SIMPLE RULESIMPLE RULE:: 1.1.Clear pronunciation of letters (Clear pronunciation of letters (makhrajmakhraj).). 2.2.Stressing the rule of stoppage (Stressing the rule of stoppage (sukunsukun).). 3.3.Stressing the dual-usage of letterStressing the dual-usage of letter indicated by a (indicated by a (saddasadda) – stop and) – stop and then to begin.then to begin. 4. Giving due length-duration to4. Giving due length-duration to verbalizing (verbalizing (maddmadd)) Maa-li-ki - yau-mid-dee-nMaa-li-ki - yau-mid-dee-n All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 63. SIMPLE RULESIMPLE RULE:: 1.1.Clear pronunciation of letters (Clear pronunciation of letters (makhrajmakhraj).). 2.2.Stressing the rule of stoppage (Stressing the rule of stoppage (sukunsukun).). 3.3.Stressing the dual-usage of letterStressing the dual-usage of letter indicated by a (indicated by a (saddasadda) – stop and) – stop and then to begin.then to begin. 4. Giving due length-duration to4. Giving due length-duration to verbalizing (verbalizing (maddmadd)) Iy-yaa-ka – nIy-yaa-ka – na’a’ –bu-du ––bu-du – wa iy-yaa-ka – nas-ta-wa iy-yaa-ka – nas-ta-’e’eenen All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 64. SIMPLE RULESIMPLE RULE:: 1.1.Clear pronunciation of letters (Clear pronunciation of letters (makhrajmakhraj).). 2.2.Stressing the rule of stoppage (Stressing the rule of stoppage (sukunsukun).). 3.3.Stressing the dual-usage of letterStressing the dual-usage of letter indicated by a (indicated by a (saddasadda) – stop and) – stop and then to begin.then to begin. 4. Giving due length-duration to4. Giving due length-duration to verbalizing (verbalizing (maddmadd)) Ih-di-nasw – swi-raa- twal –Ih-di-nasw – swi-raa- twal – mus-ta-qee-mmus-ta-qee-m All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 65. SIMPLE RULESIMPLE RULE:: 1.1.Clear pronunciation of letters (Clear pronunciation of letters (makhrajmakhraj).). 2.2.Stressing the rule of stoppage (Stressing the rule of stoppage (sukunsukun).). 3.3.Stressing the dual-usage of letterStressing the dual-usage of letter indicated by a (indicated by a (saddasadda) – stop and) – stop and then to begin.then to begin. 4. Giving due length-duration to4. Giving due length-duration to verbalizing (verbalizing (maddmadd)) Swi-raa- twal – la-dzee -naSwi-raa- twal – la-dzee -na an-an- ‘a‘am – ta –m – ta – ‘a‘alay – hee-mlay – hee-m All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 66. SIMPLE RULESIMPLE RULE:: 1.1.Clear pronunciation of letters (Clear pronunciation of letters (makhrajmakhraj).). 2.2.Stressing the rule of stoppage (Stressing the rule of stoppage (sukunsukun).). 3.3.Stressing the dual-usage of letterStressing the dual-usage of letter indicated by a (indicated by a (saddasadda) – stop and) – stop and then to begin.then to begin. 4. Giving due length-duration to4. Giving due length-duration to verbalizing (verbalizing (maddmadd)) Ghoy – ril – magh – dwuu – bi -Ghoy – ril – magh – dwuu – bi - ‘a‘alay –him,lay –him, Wa – ladw – dwWa – ladw – dwaaaaaa-l - lee-n-l - lee-n All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 67. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 68. ““Indeed, it is a noble Qur'an. In a Register well-protected;Indeed, it is a noble Qur'an. In a Register well-protected; None touch it except the purified. [It is] a revelation from theNone touch it except the purified. [It is] a revelation from the Lord of the worlds.”Lord of the worlds.” ((Qur’an: Waqi-’ah: 56: 77-80Qur’an: Waqi-’ah: 56: 77-80)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 69. This Qur’an being “ Kitaa-bullah ” (the book of Allah), must be approached unlike any other book. It is sad that we Muslims sometimes do not even know that there are ADAB concerning how we are to approach the Qur’an. Thus the lack of these adab only obstruct us from its benefits. We are to be aware of the value of the Qur’an. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 70. Condition of the recite: purity, politeness and quietness, facing the Qiblah Amount to be recited – not forgetting to ensure understanding what is being recited. Although you may not know Arabic, today there are translations available (admittedly translation may not be perfect, yet it can give some understanding of the meaning of the Qur’an). Recite it in slow and distinct manner (tartil) - middle tone- Tajwid, makhraj, qalqalah, etc - beautify it melodiously. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 71. To weep while reading the Quran Fulfil the right (Haqq) of the verses recited : eg. Saida (prostration), du’a (supplication), ta’awuz (seeking protection of Allah), appropriate responses, etc.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 72. ““So when you recite the Qur'an, [first] seek refuge in AllahSo when you recite the Qur'an, [first] seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the expelled [from His mercy].”from Satan, the expelled [from His mercy].” ((Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 98Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 98)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 73. ““Indeed, there is for him no authority over (Indeed, there is for him no authority over (MU’-MINEENMU’-MINEEN)) those who have attained to faith and rely upon, by puttingthose who have attained to faith and rely upon, by putting their trust in their Lord (their trust in their Lord (MUTAWAK-KILEENMUTAWAK-KILEEN).). His (satan) authority is only over those who take him as anHis (satan) authority is only over those who take him as an ally and those who through him associate others with Allahally and those who through him associate others with Allah ((MUSH-RIKEENMUSH-RIKEEN).”).” ((Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 99-100Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 99-100)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 74. Begin with: ““ A-’uu-A-’uu-dzdzu - bil-laa - his – sa-mii- ’il – ‘aleem,u - bil-laa - his – sa-mii- ’il – ‘aleem, mi-nash – shay -mi-nash – shay - twtwaa – nir – ra - jeemaa – nir – ra - jeem I seek refuge with Allah Who hears and knows all, from the accursed Satan. Ending with: ““ swswa – da – qal - laah – hul - ’a-a – da – qal - laah – hul - ’a-zzeem”eem” Allah the Most Esteemed has spoken the TruthAllah the Most Esteemed has spoken the Truth All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 75. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 76. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “Whosoever speaks (elaborates) upon the Qur’an without knowledge, let him prepare to be placed in Hell” (Hadith reported by Bukhary)
  • 77. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “Whosoever speaks (interprets) from the book of Allah relying only upon his thoughts (own personal opinion), and even if (the interpretation is) correct, he has committed a wrong” (Hadith reported by Ahmad)
  • 78. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 79. "He it is Who has sent down to thee the Book: in it are verses basic or"He it is Who has sent down to thee the Book: in it are verses basic or fundamental (of established meaning) “fundamental (of established meaning) “Aayat muhkamatAayat muhkamat”; they are”; they are the foundation of the Book: others are not of well-establishedthe foundation of the Book: others are not of well-established meaning –”meaning –”Aayat mutashaabihatAayat mutashaabihat”. But those in whose hearts is”. But those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part thereof that is allegorical (”perversity follow the part thereof that is allegorical (”AayatAayat mutashaabihatmutashaabihat”” not of well-established meaning). Seeking discordnot of well-established meaning). Seeking discord and searching for its interpretation, but no one knows its trueand searching for its interpretation, but no one knows its true meanings except Allah, and those who are firmly grounded inmeanings except Allah, and those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in it; the whole of it is from our Lord";knowledge say: "We believe in it; the whole of it is from our Lord"; and none will grasp the Message except men of understanding.“and none will grasp the Message except men of understanding.“ (Qur'an: Aali 'Imran: 3: 7(Qur'an: Aali 'Imran: 3: 7)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  • 80. “Educate (nurture) your children upon three things: [1] To Love your Prophet (s.a.w.), [2] And to love the Family members of his household (Aali Muhammad), [3] and (learn) to recite Al-Qur’an.” (Hadith narrated by Tabrani) SELFSELF KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE TEACHERSTEACHERS THE WORLDTHE WORLD PARENTSPARENTS TIMETIME ALLAH ASHAABIHI AL-QUR’ANAL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAHRelationshipRelationship towards thetowards the Prophet s.a.w. hisProphet s.a.w. his household &household & companions, andcompanions, and reciting al-Qur’anreciting al-Qur’an HISTORYHISTORY *Seerah Tashri’ Tabaqat Islamic S.E. Asia The World All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RASULULLAH AHLIL-BAYTIHI
  • 81. “Educate (nurture) your children upon three things: [1] To Love your Prophet (s.a.w.), [2] And to love the Family members of his household (Aali Muhammad), [3] and (learn) to recite Al-Qur’an.” (Hadith narrated by Tabrani) SELFSELF KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE TEACHERSTEACHERS THE WORLDTHE WORLD PARENTSPARENTS TIMETIME ASHAABIHI AL-QUR’ANAL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAHRelationshipRelationship towards thetowards the Prophet s.a.w. hisProphet s.a.w. his household &household & companions, andcompanions, and reciting al-Qur’anreciting al-Qur’an HISTORYHISTORY *Seerah Tashri’ Tabaqat Islamic S.E. Asia The World All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RASULULLAH AHLIL-BAYTIHI ALLAH
  • 82. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) TO BE CONTINUED -
  • 83. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) TO BE CONTINUED -
  • 84. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 84All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))