[Slideshare] adab-lesson#13(n)-part2-adab-towards-allah-'taqwa'-piety-godfearing-consciousness-cont'd-[3-may-2014]

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[Slideshare] adab-lesson#13(n)-part2-adab-towards-allah-'taqwa'-piety-godfearing-consciousness-cont'd-[3-may-2014]

  1. 1. LESSON # 13 (n)LESSON # 13 (n) –– part 2 (continuation)part 2 (continuation) ADAB TOWARDS ALLAHADAB TOWARDS ALLAH ( ‘TAQWA’ – Piety , God fearing consciousness )( ‘TAQWA’ – Piety , God fearing consciousness ) 3RD RUN OF THE MODULE Arabic (plural) of Adab : meanings – “good breeding, decency, nurture, good manners, refinement, cultured, decorum, courteous, etiquette, propriety, social grace, to educate, discipline, the humanities, etc.” sense of proportion and knowledge of their rightful place in the order of things, the absence of which indicates injustice started 18 January 2014 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) UPDATEDUPDATED - 3 MAY 2014- 3 MAY 2014 Topic for 3 May 2014Topic for 3 May 2014 ADAB (Part 2) -The continuationADAB (Part 2) -The continuation
  2. 2. By retracing our life, we start with understandingBy retracing our life, we start with understanding our basic nature as a human being - havingour basic nature as a human being - having inherent powers and their potentialities to beinherent powers and their potentialities to be developed.developed. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  3. 3. In our relationship regarding our Education – weIn our relationship regarding our Education – we are to encounter, i.e. assisted by our educators -are to encounter, i.e. assisted by our educators - with what is referred to as, “with what is referred to as, “knowledgeknowledge”.”. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  4. 4. Yet, we are born helpless and have to be cared,Yet, we are born helpless and have to be cared, nurtured, to be inculcated with discipline, taught andnurtured, to be inculcated with discipline, taught and developed by adeveloped by a Murabbi’Murabbi’ (EDUCATOR) – the first of(EDUCATOR) – the first of whom are our PARENTS.whom are our PARENTS. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  5. 5. TO PROCEED WE ARE STILL NOW ON THE TOPICWE ARE STILL NOW ON THE TOPIC All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  7. 7. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  8. 8. THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART NAFS al-AMMARAHNAFS al-AMMARAH (Commanding self)(Commanding self) Link to variousLink to various QuwwahQuwwah (powers):(powers): [1][1] shahwiyyashahwiyya (desires)(desires) [2][2] ghadabiyyaghadabiyya (anger)(anger) [3][3] WahmiyahWahmiyah (imaginative)(imaginative) [4][4] ‘aqliyya‘aqliyya (thoughts)(thoughts) Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. AD-DEENUL-ISLAMAD-DEENUL-ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  9. 9. THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. ALLAH RASULULLAH HEREAFTERHEREAFTER AL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  10. 10. THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. RASULULLAH HEREAFTERHEREAFTER AL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAH ALLAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  11. 11. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  12. 12. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  13. 13. II-MANII-MAN RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  14. 14. Definition of iiman : “Utterance with the tongue (speech); affirmation with the heart/mind (conviction); and manifesting through practice (actions).” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  15. 15. SIL-MI - KAAFAHSIL-MI - KAAFAH RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  16. 16. [1] TONGUE[1] TONGUE [2] HEARING[2] HEARING [3] SIGHT[3] SIGHT [4] HANDS[4] HANDS [5] LEGS[5] LEGS [6] STOMACH[6] STOMACH [7] PRIVATE PARTS[7] PRIVATE PARTS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  17. 17. AL-IAL-IHHSANSAN RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  18. 18. DZIKRDZIKR RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  19. 19. SHAKURSHAKUR RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  20. 20. KHKHAUFAUF RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  21. 21. KHKHASHI-YAASHI-YA RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  22. 22. RA-JAARA-JAA RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  23. 23. TAWAA-TAWAA-DHDHU’U’ RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  24. 24. HAYAA’HAYAA’ RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  25. 25. TAU-BAHTAU-BAH RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  26. 26. ISTIGHFARISTIGHFAR RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  27. 27. DU’ADU’A RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  28. 28. SwSwOBR’OBR’ RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  29. 29. REDHAREDHA RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  30. 30. ISTIQOMAHISTIQOMAH RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  31. 31. TAF-WIDwTAF-WIDw RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  32. 32. TAWAKKULTAWAKKUL RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  33. 33. IKHLASwIKHLASw RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  34. 34. TAQWALLAHTAQWALLAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON
  35. 35. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  36. 36. ““O MANKIND! Worship your Sustainer, who hasO MANKIND! Worship your Sustainer, who has created you and those who lived before you, socreated you and those who lived before you, so that you might remain conscious of Himthat you might remain conscious of Him ((TAQWATAQWA).). Who has made the earth a resting-place for youWho has made the earth a resting-place for you and the sky a canopy, and has sent down waterand the sky a canopy, and has sent down water from the sky and thereby brought forth fruits forfrom the sky and thereby brought forth fruits for your sustenance: do not, then, claim that there isyour sustenance: do not, then, claim that there is any power that could rival Allah, when you knowany power that could rival Allah, when you know [that He is One].”[that He is One].” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 21-22Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 21-22)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  37. 37. ““O you who have attained to faith! Be conscious of (and fearO you who have attained to faith! Be conscious of (and fear transgressing against) Allah (transgressing against) Allah (TAQWATAQWA) with all the) with all the consciousness (consciousness (HAQ-QATU-QAA-TIHIHAQ-QATU-QAA-TIHI) that is due to Him, and) that is due to Him, and do not allow death to overtake you ere you have surrendereddo not allow death to overtake you ere you have surrendered yourselves unto Him (yourselves unto Him (MUS-LI-MUUNMUS-LI-MUUN).”).” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 102Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 102)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  38. 38. “O YOU who have attained to faith! (Remain conscious of ) and fear Allah (TAQWA), and seek with the means ( AL-WASILAH) to come closer unto Him, and (JIHAAD) strive hard in His cause, so that you might attain to a happy state (MUF-LIHUUN).” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 35) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  39. 39. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  40. 40. ““O you who have attained to faith! RemainO you who have attained to faith! Remain conscious of Allah (conscious of Allah (TAQWATAQWA), and [always] speak), and [always] speak with a will to bring out [only] what is just and true –with a will to bring out [only] what is just and true – [whereupon] He will cause your deeds to be[whereupon] He will cause your deeds to be virtuous, and will forgive you your sins. And [knowvirtuous, and will forgive you your sins. And [know that] whoever pays heed unto Allah and Histhat] whoever pays heed unto Allah and His Messenger has already attained to a mightyMessenger has already attained to a mighty triumph.”triumph.” ((Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 70-71Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 70-71)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  41. 41. ““Fulfil the personal religious obligations (Fulfil the personal religious obligations (FARDHFARDH’) that has’) that has been fixed by Allah (upon Muslims), and this will make you tobeen fixed by Allah (upon Muslims), and this will make you to become a person ofbecome a person of TAQWATAQWA (righteous and God-fearing).”(righteous and God-fearing).” ((Hadith reported by TabaraniHadith reported by Tabarani)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  42. 42. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  43. 43. From the word root “From the word root “WAU-QAF-YAWAU-QAF-YA” - we have:” - we have: ““WI-QAA-YAWI-QAA-YA” meaning – “” meaning – “to safeguard; shelter; shield;to safeguard; shelter; shield; take care from; precaution; avert; etc.take care from; precaution; avert; etc.”” Thus the implication is “Thus the implication is “to have regard or being conscious of Allahto have regard or being conscious of Allah such that we are especially cautious (by safeguarding ourselvessuch that we are especially cautious (by safeguarding ourselves and our deeds from all sins), so as not to incur His wrath andand our deeds from all sins), so as not to incur His wrath and punishmentpunishment..”” TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  44. 44. The usual translation into English isThe usual translation into English is ‘reverential fear of Allah’‘reverential fear of Allah’,, which may convey some aspect of it, yet the full understanding ofwhich may convey some aspect of it, yet the full understanding of this term still evades many. I prefer to use termthis term still evades many. I prefer to use term “the“the ‘‘consciousness of Allah’consciousness of Allah’,, which entails factors which lead to truewhich entails factors which lead to true obedience to Allah s.w.t. and His Messenger Muhammad s.a.w. -obedience to Allah s.w.t. and His Messenger Muhammad s.a.w. - obedience to what Allah has ordered and staying away from whatobedience to what Allah has ordered and staying away from what Allah forbade.Allah forbade. TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  45. 45. If you are wearing an overflowing robe, how would you walk through upon a road full of bushes of thorns ? # ۱ PARABLE OF WALKING IN THORNY PATHWAY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  46. 46. It would not be a problem to walk upon this road this wide isn’t it? 2 metres # ۲ Suppose you are shown this lighted path …. PARABLE OF ‘ACROPHOBIA’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  47. 47. But now knowing the reality of where you really are, how would you be walking upon it? 2 metres # ۲ PARABLE OF ‘ACROPHOBIA’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  48. 48. Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazalie rhmImam Abu Hamid al-Ghazalie rhm. [Ref: “al-Ghazalie –. [Ref: “al-Ghazalie – Inner Dimensions of Islamic Worship”] has listed sixInner Dimensions of Islamic Worship”] has listed six important qualities in ‘important qualities in ‘TaqwaTaqwa’ (consciousness of Allah):’ (consciousness of Allah): TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  49. 49. [1] AWARENESS[1] AWARENESS By conscious awareness we mean the state in which one’sBy conscious awareness we mean the state in which one’s mind and feelings are in no way distracted from what one ismind and feelings are in no way distracted from what one is doing and saying. Perception is united with action and speech.doing and saying. Perception is united with action and speech. Thoughts do not wonder. When the mind remains attentive toThoughts do not wonder. When the mind remains attentive to what one is doing, when one is whole-heartedly involved, andwhat one is doing, when one is whole-heartedly involved, and when nothing makes one heedless, that is when one haswhen nothing makes one heedless, that is when one has achieved conscious awareness.achieved conscious awareness. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  50. 50. [2] UNDERSTANDING[2] UNDERSTANDING Understanding the meaning of one’s words is something thatUnderstanding the meaning of one’s words is something that goes beyond awareness, for one may be conscious of making angoes beyond awareness, for one may be conscious of making an utterance, yet not be aware of the meaning of that utterance.utterance, yet not be aware of the meaning of that utterance. What we mean by understanding therefore is an awarenessWhat we mean by understanding therefore is an awareness that also include comprehension of the meaning of one’sthat also include comprehension of the meaning of one’s utterance.utterance. People differ in this respect, not sharing a commonPeople differ in this respect, not sharing a common understanding of the Qur’an and the glorifications (we uttered).understanding of the Qur’an and the glorifications (we uttered). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  51. 51. [3] REVERENCE[3] REVERENCE As for reverence, this is something beyond both awarenessAs for reverence, this is something beyond both awareness and understanding. A man may address his servant in fulland understanding. A man may address his servant in full awareness and understanding the meaning of his words,awareness and understanding the meaning of his words, yet without reverence, for reverence is in additionalyet without reverence, for reverence is in additional element.element. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  52. 52. As for awe, it is over and above reverence. In fact, it represents aAs for awe, it is over and above reverence. In fact, it represents a kind of fear that grows out of the latter (i.e. reverence). Withoutkind of fear that grows out of the latter (i.e. reverence). Without experiencing fear, one will not stand in awe. There is an ordinaryexperiencing fear, one will not stand in awe. There is an ordinary fear of things we find repugnant, like scorpions or bad temper,fear of things we find repugnant, like scorpions or bad temper, but this is not awe. What we called awe, is the kind of fear webut this is not awe. What we called awe, is the kind of fear we have for a mighty king. Awe is the kind of fear induced by ahave for a mighty king. Awe is the kind of fear induced by a sense of majesty.sense of majesty. [4] AWE[4] AWE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  53. 53. [5] HOPE[5] HOPE As for hope, this is unquestionably something else again. ThereAs for hope, this is unquestionably something else again. There are many who revere one or other, and who are in awe of him orare many who revere one or other, and who are in awe of him or afraid of his power, yet do not hope to be rewarded by him. Inafraid of his power, yet do not hope to be rewarded by him. In our prayers, however, we must hope for the reward of God,our prayers, however, we must hope for the reward of God, Great and Glorious is He, just as we fear His punishment for ourGreat and Glorious is He, just as we fear His punishment for our faults.faults. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  54. 54. [6] SHAME[6] SHAME As for shame, it is something additional to all the rest, for itAs for shame, it is something additional to all the rest, for it is based on the realization of one’s deficiencies and theis based on the realization of one’s deficiencies and the apprehension of sin. It is quite possible to conceive ofapprehension of sin. It is quite possible to conceive of reverence, fear and hope, without this element of shame.reverence, fear and hope, without this element of shame. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  55. 55. In summary,In summary, TAQWATAQWA is that state of consciousness of Allah s.w.t.is that state of consciousness of Allah s.w.t. with:with: [1] AWARENESS[1] AWARENESS [2] UNDERSTANDING[2] UNDERSTANDING [3] REVERENCE[3] REVERENCE [4] AWE[4] AWE [5] HOPE[5] HOPE [6] SHAME[6] SHAME All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  56. 56. TAUFIQTAUFIQ HIDAAYAHIDAAYA (success) (guidance) PARABLE OF THE ROAD What is …. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  57. 57. TAUFIQTAUFIQ HIDAAYAHIDAAYA (astray)(astray) (success) (guidance) PARABLE OF THE ROAD All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  58. 58. TAUFIQTAUFIQ (missed completely) (‘Bulls-eye’) (on target) HIDAAYAHIDAAYA (missed completely) PARABLE IN ARCHERY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  59. 59. TAQWALLAHTAQWALLAH TO PROCEED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Part 2Part 2 – a continuation– a continuation
  60. 60. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  61. 61. MUSLIMMUSLIM Submission TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MAQOM AL-ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) FIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFFIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA BEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OFBEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OF AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM
  62. 62. BeingBeing MUSLIMMUSLIM is the minimum level or state, the entrance whichis the minimum level or state, the entrance which requires building a total way of life with striving in Allah’s way. And werequires building a total way of life with striving in Allah’s way. And we are warned against ever exiting this basic state till death.are warned against ever exiting this basic state till death. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““O you who have believed, be conscious of and fearO you who have believed, be conscious of and fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die exceptAllah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].”as Muslims [in submission to Him].” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 102Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 102))
  63. 63. BeingBeing MUSLIMMUSLIM requires firstly the acknowledgement and acceptance ofrequires firstly the acknowledgement and acceptance of the message ofthe message of AT-TAUHEEDAT-TAUHEED andand AR-RISAALAHAR-RISAALAH. Thus its entrance is the. Thus its entrance is the SHAHAADAHTAINSHAHAADAHTAIN – as a serious personal declaration of commitment to– as a serious personal declaration of commitment to become truebecome true WitnessesWitnesses towards upholdingtowards upholding DEEN Al-IslamDEEN Al-Islam throughthrough submission and obedience.submission and obedience. This is the first basic level open to all mankind. As long as the MuslimThis is the first basic level open to all mankind. As long as the Muslim remain true – without opposing its principle (viz.remain true – without opposing its principle (viz. SHIRKSHIRK andand IRTIDADIRTIDAD),), ultimately Paradise is assured to him / her.ultimately Paradise is assured to him / her. Yet, it does not guarantee that a Muslim will be averted from sinningYet, it does not guarantee that a Muslim will be averted from sinning and punishment, for there is still the danger of the Hell-fire which weand punishment, for there is still the danger of the Hell-fire which we must strive to avoid through conforming to the Guidance of Allah andmust strive to avoid through conforming to the Guidance of Allah and His Last Messenger Muhammad s.a.a.w. in seeking Allah’s Mercy.His Last Messenger Muhammad s.a.a.w. in seeking Allah’s Mercy. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  64. 64. Muslims must be told not to be complacent, but must take seriously theirMuslims must be told not to be complacent, but must take seriously their Islamic education in what is termed -Islamic education in what is termed - FARDH’AINFARDH’AIN (personal obligation)(personal obligation) knowledge.knowledge. The higher part of their development indeed is crucial, not merely theThe higher part of their development indeed is crucial, not merely the outward conformity to Al-Islam, but more so development of their inneroutward conformity to Al-Islam, but more so development of their inner certainty with affirmation of thecertainty with affirmation of the TRUTHTRUTH with authentic creed / beliefwith authentic creed / belief ((AQEEDAH SAAQEEDAH SAHHEEHAHEEHAH).). Without such pursuit, his conforming to Islamic teaching and practicesWithout such pursuit, his conforming to Islamic teaching and practices may be mere outward rituals, devoid of understanding which may lead tomay be mere outward rituals, devoid of understanding which may lead to doubts (doubts (SHAKKSHAKK) and even hypocrisy () and even hypocrisy (NIFAQNIFAQ).). Being at the level of Muslim is still not sufficient because if he/she whoBeing at the level of Muslim is still not sufficient because if he/she who does not strive towards higher state ofdoes not strive towards higher state of TAQWA,TAQWA, he/she may be in dangerhe/she may be in danger of sinning and of rebelliousness.of sinning and of rebelliousness. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  65. 65. MUSLIMMUSLIM Submission TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MAQOM AL-ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) FIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFFIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA BEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OFBEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OF AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM ““And those who strive for Us - We will surely guide them toAnd those who strive for Us - We will surely guide them to Our ways. And indeed, Allah is with the doers of good.”Our ways. And indeed, Allah is with the doers of good.” ((Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 69Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 69)) MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN God-consciousness or Piety
  66. 66. MUSLIMMUSLIM Submission TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MUNAFEEQINMUNAFEEQIN FASIQEENFASIQEEN MUJRIMEENMUJRIMEEN ZOLIMEENZOLIMEEN GHOFILEENGHOFILEEN MUSRIFEENMUSRIFEEN MUFSIDEENMUFSIDEEN IF NO EFFORT DONE TOWARDS STRIVING FOR HIGHER STATIONS, A MUSLIM MAY END-UP BECOMING .... MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN ETC. God-consciousness or Piety All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) FIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFFIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA BEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OFBEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OF AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM
  67. 67. MUSLIMMUSLIM MU’MEENMU’MEEN Believer Submission TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MAQOM AT-TAUBAHMAQOM AT-TAUBAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) FIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFFIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA BEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OFBEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OF AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM
  68. 68. The state ofThe state of IIMANIIMAN is not static, but can become strong or even becomeis not static, but can become strong or even become weak, as it commensurate withweak, as it commensurate with ‘ILM‘ILM (Knowledge) and(Knowledge) and ‘‘AMALAMAL (Deeds).(Deeds). IIMANIIMAN is a state which motivates a Muslim to draw closer and return tois a state which motivates a Muslim to draw closer and return to Allah’s Mercy with –Allah’s Mercy with – TAUBAHTAUBAH (return; repentance)(return; repentance) The essence of which is the knowledge with practical deeds: knowledge ofThe essence of which is the knowledge with practical deeds: knowledge of what is right and wrong; knowledge of one’s self (what is right and wrong; knowledge of one’s self (NAFSNAFS) and the) and the consequence of one’s action; knowledge of the reality (consequence of one’s action; knowledge of the reality (HAQEEQAHHAQEEQAH) of Life in) of Life in this world and the Hereafter; knowledge of rights (this world and the Hereafter; knowledge of rights (HUQQUQHUQQUQ) of Allah and of) of Allah and of others etc.others etc. The priority therefore is to seeking or to gain nearness (The priority therefore is to seeking or to gain nearness (QURBQURB) to Allah SWT,) to Allah SWT, withwith ‘ILM‘ILM andand AMALAMAL . And one must not forget that. And one must not forget that ‘ILM‘ILM takes precedencetakes precedence overover ‘AMAL‘AMAL – and that with knowledge alone but without believing and– and that with knowledge alone but without believing and manifesting this with righteous deeds, this is also condemned.manifesting this with righteous deeds, this is also condemned. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  69. 69. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““The parable of those who were charged with the Torah and thenThe parable of those who were charged with the Torah and then they failed to live up to it is that of a donkey laden with books. Eventhey failed to live up to it is that of a donkey laden with books. Even more evil is the parable of the people who gave the lie to the Signsmore evil is the parable of the people who gave the lie to the Signs of Allah. Allah does not direct such wrong-doers to the Right Way.”of Allah. Allah does not direct such wrong-doers to the Right Way.” ((Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 5Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 5))
  70. 70. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““O you who have believed, why do you say what youO you who have believed, why do you say what you do not do? Great is hatred in the sight of Allah thatdo not do? Great is hatred in the sight of Allah that you say what you do not do.”you say what you do not do.” ((Qur’an: Saff: 61: 2-3Qur’an: Saff: 61: 2-3))
  71. 71. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  72. 72. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““Do you order (Do you order (AL-BIRRAL-BIRR) righteousness of the people) righteousness of the people and forget yourselves while you recite the Scripture?and forget yourselves while you recite the Scripture? Then will you not reason?Then will you not reason? And seek help through patience perseveranceAnd seek help through patience perseverance ((SWOBRSWOBR) and prayer () and prayer (SWOLAHSWOLAH), and indeed, it is), and indeed, it is difficult except for thedifficult except for the KHKHO-SHI-’EENO-SHI-’EEN – the humbly– the humbly submissive [to Allah].submissive [to Allah]. Who are certain that they will meet their Lord andWho are certain that they will meet their Lord and that they will return to Him.”that they will return to Him.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 44-46Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 44-46))
  73. 73. MUSLIMMUSLIM MU’MEENMU’MEEN MUMUHHSEENSEEN Believer Submission Best or righteous conduct TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MAQOM AL-WARA’MAQOM AL-WARA’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) FIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFFIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA BEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OFBEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OF AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM
  74. 74. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Basic in attesting toBasic in attesting to TAUTAUHHEEDEED are the three aspects ofare the three aspects of ISLAM-IIMAN-IISLAM-IIMAN-IHHSAN.SAN. AndAnd IIHHSANSAN being the perfection of what constitute “being the perfection of what constitute “Good or Righteousness ofGood or Righteousness of Best in DeedsBest in Deeds”, after the other 2 aspects are attained.”, after the other 2 aspects are attained. What is interesting to note is that, even with correct Action (What is interesting to note is that, even with correct Action (‘AMAL‘AMAL) motivated) motivated by correct Belief (by correct Belief (IIMANIIMAN), it is still not regarded or accepted as truly good or), it is still not regarded or accepted as truly good or Righteous by Allah SWT and the Allah’s Messenger s.a.a.w.Righteous by Allah SWT and the Allah’s Messenger s.a.a.w. The criteria is in our inner attitude (raison detre); the motive or intention for ourThe criteria is in our inner attitude (raison detre); the motive or intention for our serving or worshipping Allah, which the Prophet succinctly emphasized:serving or worshipping Allah, which the Prophet succinctly emphasized:
  75. 75. Basic in attesting toBasic in attesting to TAUTAUHHEEDEED are the three aspects ofare the three aspects of ISLAM-IIMAN-IISLAM-IIMAN-IHHSAN.SAN. AndAnd IIHHSANSAN being the perfection of what constitute “being the perfection of what constitute “Good or Righteousness ofGood or Righteousness of Best in DeedsBest in Deeds”, after the other 2 aspects are attained.”, after the other 2 aspects are attained. What is interesting to note is that, even with correct Action (What is interesting to note is that, even with correct Action (‘AMAL‘AMAL) motivated) motivated by correct Belief (by correct Belief (IIMANIIMAN), it is still not regarded or accepted as truly good or), it is still not regarded or accepted as truly good or Righteous by Allah SWT and the Allah’s Messenger s.a.a.w.Righteous by Allah SWT and the Allah’s Messenger s.a.a.w. The criteria is in our inner attitude (raison detre); the motive or intention for ourThe criteria is in our inner attitude (raison detre); the motive or intention for our serving or worshipping Allah, which the Prophet succinctly emphasized:serving or worshipping Allah, which the Prophet succinctly emphasized: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““Al- IAl- Ihhsansan (righteousness or best conduct) is that you(righteousness or best conduct) is that you worship (serve) Allah as though you are seeing Him;worship (serve) Allah as though you are seeing Him; while you see Him not, yet truly He sees you”while you see Him not, yet truly He sees you” ((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim))
  76. 76. When we realize that it is not the mere deeds that we are able to do, norWhen we realize that it is not the mere deeds that we are able to do, nor the conviction that we are upon the right path (in our belief), but rather, itthe conviction that we are upon the right path (in our belief), but rather, it is the scrutiny in our hearts by Allah, Who Knows the innermost heart inis the scrutiny in our hearts by Allah, Who Knows the innermost heart in our Souls – in our intentions, concerning whether it is acceptable to Him orour Souls – in our intentions, concerning whether it is acceptable to Him or rejected by Him that will make us people to be extra-cautious by therejected by Him that will make us people to be extra-cautious by the Islamic concept termed asIslamic concept termed as WARA’ - cautiousness; piety; pious; godliness;WARA’ - cautiousness; piety; pious; godliness; Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said:Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “Part of someone’s being good Muslim, is his leaving alone matters that does not concern him.” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi)
  77. 77. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “Leave that which makes you doubt for that which does not make you doubt.” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi and Nasa-i) When we realize that it is not the mere deeds that we are able to do, norWhen we realize that it is not the mere deeds that we are able to do, nor the conviction that we are upon the right path (in our belief), but rather, itthe conviction that we are upon the right path (in our belief), but rather, it is the scrutiny in our hearts by Allah, Who Knows the innermost heart inis the scrutiny in our hearts by Allah, Who Knows the innermost heart in our Souls – in our intentions, concerning whether it is acceptable to Him orour Souls – in our intentions, concerning whether it is acceptable to Him or rejected by Him that will make us people to be extra-cautious by therejected by Him that will make us people to be extra-cautious by the Islamic concept termed asIslamic concept termed as WARA’ - cautiousness; piety; pious; godliness;WARA’ - cautiousness; piety; pious; godliness; Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said:Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said:
  78. 78. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““That which isThat which is HALALHALAL - lawful - is clear (plain) and that which is- lawful - is clear (plain) and that which is HARAMHARAM – unlawful - is clear (plain), and between these two are– unlawful - is clear (plain), and between these two are MUTASHABIHATMUTASHABIHAT - doubtful matters-, about which many people- doubtful matters-, about which many people do not know…..”do not know…..” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim))
  79. 79. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “…“… Whoever avoids doubtful matters safeguards himself in regardWhoever avoids doubtful matters safeguards himself in regard to his religion and his honour, whereas he who falls into doubtfulto his religion and his honour, whereas he who falls into doubtful matters is falling into that which is unlawful, like the shepherdmatters is falling into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures his herd around a sanctuary for them to graze …”who pastures his herd around a sanctuary for them to graze …” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim))
  80. 80. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “…“… Verily every king has a sanctuary, and verily the sanctuary of Allah is HisVerily every king has a sanctuary, and verily the sanctuary of Allah is His prohibitions (prohibitions (MUHARAMATMUHARAMAT) . Verily, in the body is a morsel of flesh, if it is) . Verily, in the body is a morsel of flesh, if it is good (wholesome) then the whole body is well (whole), but if it is spoiltgood (wholesome) then the whole body is well (whole), but if it is spoilt (diseased) then the whole body will be spoilt . Verily this is the heart ((diseased) then the whole body will be spoilt . Verily this is the heart (QOLBUQOLBU)”)” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim))
  81. 81. Yet, this conscious or awareness that Allah sees us (Yet, this conscious or awareness that Allah sees us (IIHHSANSAN) must be extended) must be extended and permeates our entire life and activities towards doing good to othersand permeates our entire life and activities towards doing good to others amongst Allah’s creation – not merely in formal worship in mosques or home.amongst Allah’s creation – not merely in formal worship in mosques or home. To serve withTo serve with IIHHSANSAN is to spread, with gratitude (is to spread, with gratitude (SHAKUR)SHAKUR) , with acts of, with acts of IIHHSANSAN to others too, as Allah has commanded thus:to others too, as Allah has commanded thus: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““And do good (And do good (FA-AFA-AHHSINSIN) as Allah has done good to you. And desire not) as Allah has done good to you. And desire not corruption in the land. Indeed, Allah does not like corrupters.“corruption in the land. Indeed, Allah does not like corrupters.“ ((Qur’an: Qasas: 28: 77Qur’an: Qasas: 28: 77))
  82. 82. MUSLIMMUSLIM MU’MEENMU’MEEN MUMUHHSEENSEEN MUKHLISWEEN Believer Submission Best or righteous conduct Sincerity TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MAQOM AZ-ZUHUDMAQOM AZ-ZUHUD All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) FIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFFIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA BEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OFBEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OF AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM
  83. 83. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““The religion (The religion (DEENDEEN) is Sincerity.” We said: To whom? He) is Sincerity.” We said: To whom? He then said: “To Allah, to His Books, to His Messengers, and tothen said: “To Allah, to His Books, to His Messengers, and to the leaders of Muslims and their general folks.”the leaders of Muslims and their general folks.” ((Hadith related by MuslimHadith related by Muslim))
  84. 84. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  85. 85. ““Verily, what I fear the most for my community (ummah)Verily, what I fear the most for my community (ummah) isis SHIRKSHIRK (ascribing partners) to Allah.(ascribing partners) to Allah. I am not saying that they will worship the sun or theI am not saying that they will worship the sun or the moon or idols, butmoon or idols, but it is in their being insincere in doingit is in their being insincere in doing good deeds, not intending it for Allah’s sake but only togood deeds, not intending it for Allah’s sake but only to please their hidden desiresplease their hidden desires.”.” ((Hadith reported by Ibnu Majah in “Kitab Az-ZuhduHadith reported by Ibnu Majah in “Kitab Az-Zuhdu”)”) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  86. 86. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““Say: "Verily, I am commanded to serveSay: "Verily, I am commanded to serve (worship) Allah with sincere devotion;(worship) Allah with sincere devotion; And I am commanded to be the first ofAnd I am commanded to be the first of those who bow to Allah in Islam."those who bow to Allah in Islam." ((Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 11-12Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 11-12))
  87. 87. MUSLIMMUSLIM MU’MEENMU’MEEN MUMUHHSEENSEEN MUKHLISWEEN MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN Believer Submission Best or righteous conduct Sincerity God-consciousness or Piety TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) FIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFFIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA BEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OFBEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OF AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM MAQOM AL-’ARIFEENMAQOM AL-’ARIFEEN
  88. 88. The highest aspect ofThe highest aspect of TAQWATAQWA – Is that conferred upon the truly– Is that conferred upon the truly knowledgeable of Allah – theknowledgeable of Allah – the ’ARIFEEN BIL-LAH’ARIFEEN BIL-LAH.. It is through Allah granting the “opening” -It is through Allah granting the “opening” - FAT-FAT-HH - of Knowledge of Allah- of Knowledge of Allah (gnosis-(gnosis- MA’RIFAHMA’RIFAH), or sometimes referred to as the “), or sometimes referred to as the “unveilingunveiling” ,” , ““illuminationsilluminations”, “”, “beatific witnessingbeatific witnessing” etc. whence the person attained to” etc. whence the person attained to the highest form of conviction (the highest form of conviction (HAQQ-AL-YAQEENHAQQ-AL-YAQEEN).). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  89. 89. AND ALLAH KNOWS ALLAND ALLAH KNOWS ALL All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  90. 90. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 90 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)

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