Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
[Slideshare] adab-lesson#13(n)-adab-towards-allah-'taqwa'-piety-godfearing-consciousness-part-1-[26-april-2014]
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

[Slideshare] adab-lesson#13(n)-adab-towards-allah-'taqwa'-piety-godfearing-consciousness-part-1-[26-april-2014]

  • 287 views
Published

 

Published in Education , Spiritual
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
287
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. LESSON # 13 (n)LESSON # 13 (n) –– part 1part 1 ADAB TOWARDS ALLAHADAB TOWARDS ALLAH ( ‘TAQWA’ – Piety , God fearing consciousness )( ‘TAQWA’ – Piety , God fearing consciousness ) 3RD RUN OF THE MODULE Arabic (plural) of Adab : meanings – “good breeding, decency, nurture, good manners, refinement, cultured, decorum, courteous, etiquette, propriety, social grace, to educate, discipline, the humanities, etc.” sense of proportion and knowledge of their rightful place in the order of things, the absence of which indicates injustice started 18 January 2014 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) UPDATEDUPDATED - 26 APRIL 2014- 26 APRIL 2014 Topic for 26 April 2014Topic for 26 April 2014 ADAB (Part 2) -The continuationADAB (Part 2) -The continuation
  • 2. By retracing our life, we start with understandingBy retracing our life, we start with understanding our basic nature as a human being - havingour basic nature as a human being - having inherent powers and their potentialities to beinherent powers and their potentialities to be developed.developed. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 3. In our relationship regarding our Education – weIn our relationship regarding our Education – we are to encounter, i.e. assisted by our educators -are to encounter, i.e. assisted by our educators - with what is referred to as, “with what is referred to as, “knowledgeknowledge”.”. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 4. Yet, we are born helpless and have to be cared,Yet, we are born helpless and have to be cared, nurtured, to be inculcated with discipline, taught andnurtured, to be inculcated with discipline, taught and developed by adeveloped by a Murabbi’Murabbi’ (EDUCATOR) – the first of(EDUCATOR) – the first of whom are our PARENTS.whom are our PARENTS. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 5. TO PROCEED WE ARE STILL NOW ON THE TOPICWE ARE STILL NOW ON THE TOPIC All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 7. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 8. THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART NAFS al-AMMARAHNAFS al-AMMARAH (Commanding self)(Commanding self) Link to variousLink to various QuwwahQuwwah (powers):(powers): [1][1] shahwiyyashahwiyya (desires)(desires) [2][2] ghadabiyyaghadabiyya (anger)(anger) [3][3] WahmiyahWahmiyah (imaginative)(imaginative) [4][4] ‘aqliyya‘aqliyya (thoughts)(thoughts) Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. AD-DEENUL-ISLAMAD-DEENUL-ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 9. THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. ALLAH RASULULLAH HEREAFTERHEREAFTER AL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 10. THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. RASULULLAH HEREAFTERHEREAFTER AL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAH ALLAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 11. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 12. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 13. II-MANII-MAN RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 14. Definition of iiman : “Utterance with the tongue (speech); affirmation with the heart/mind (conviction); and manifesting through practice (actions).” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 15. SIL-MI - KAAFAHSIL-MI - KAAFAH RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 16. [1] TONGUE[1] TONGUE [2] HEARING[2] HEARING [3] SIGHT[3] SIGHT [4] HANDS[4] HANDS [5] LEGS[5] LEGS [6] STOMACH[6] STOMACH [7] PRIVATE PARTS[7] PRIVATE PARTS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 17. AL-IHSANAL-IHSAN RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 18. DZIKRDZIKR RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 19. SHAKURSHAKUR RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 20. KHKHAUFAUF RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 21. KHKHASHI-YAASHI-YA RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 22. RA-JAARA-JAA RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 23. TAWAA-TAWAA-DHDHU’U’ RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 24. HAYAA’HAYAA’ RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 25. TAU-BAHTAU-BAH RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 26. ISTIGHFARISTIGHFAR RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 27. DU’ADU’A RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 28. SwSwOBR’OBR’ RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 29. REDHAREDHA RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 30. ISTIQOMAHISTIQOMAH RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 31. TAF-WIDwTAF-WIDw RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 32. TAWAKKULTAWAKKUL RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 33. IKHLASwIKHLASw RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 34. TAQWALLAHTAQWALLAH TO PROCEED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 35. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 36. ““O MANKIND! Worship your Sustainer, who hasO MANKIND! Worship your Sustainer, who has created you and those who lived before you, socreated you and those who lived before you, so that you might remain conscious of Him (that you might remain conscious of Him (TAQWATAQWA).). Who has made the earth a resting-place for youWho has made the earth a resting-place for you and the sky a canopy, and has sent down waterand the sky a canopy, and has sent down water from the sky and thereby brought forth fruits forfrom the sky and thereby brought forth fruits for your sustenance: do not, then, claim that there isyour sustenance: do not, then, claim that there is any power that could rival Allah, when you knowany power that could rival Allah, when you know [that He is One].”[that He is One].” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 21-22Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 21-22)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 37. ““O you who have attained to faith! Be conscious ofO you who have attained to faith! Be conscious of Allah (Allah (TAQWATAQWA) with all the consciousness that is) with all the consciousness that is due to Him, and do not allow death to overtakedue to Him, and do not allow death to overtake you ere you have surrendered yourselves untoyou ere you have surrendered yourselves unto Him.”Him.” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 102Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 102)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 38. “O YOU who have attained to faith! Remain conscious of Allah (TAQWA), and seek to come closer unto Him, and strive hard in His cause, so that you might attain to a happy state.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 35) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 39. ““O YOU who have attained to faith! Do not put yourselvesO YOU who have attained to faith! Do not put yourselves forward in the presence of [what] Allah and His Messengerforward in the presence of [what] Allah and His Messenger [may have ordained], but remain conscious of Allah[may have ordained], but remain conscious of Allah ((TAQWATAQWA): for, verily, Allah is all-hearing, all-knowing!”): for, verily, Allah is all-hearing, all-knowing!” ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 40. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 41. ““O YOU who have attained to faith! Remain consciousO YOU who have attained to faith! Remain conscious of Allah (of Allah (TAQWATAQWA); and let every human being look to); and let every human being look to what he sends ahead for the morrow! And [oncewhat he sends ahead for the morrow! And [once again]: Remain conscious of Allah, for Allah is fullyagain]: Remain conscious of Allah, for Allah is fully aware of all that you do; and be not like those who areaware of all that you do; and be not like those who are oblivious of Allah, and whom He therefore causes tooblivious of Allah, and whom He therefore causes to be oblivious of [what is good for] their own selves:be oblivious of [what is good for] their own selves: [for] it is they, they who are truly depraved!”[for] it is they, they who are truly depraved!” ((Qur’an: Hashr: 59: 18-19Qur’an: Hashr: 59: 18-19)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 42. “Not equal are those who are destined for the fire and those who are destined for paradise: those who are destined for paradise - it is they, they [alone] who shall triumph [on Judgment Day]!” (Qur’an: Hashr: 59: 20) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 43. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 44. ““O YOU who have attained to faith! RemainO YOU who have attained to faith! Remain conscious of Allah (conscious of Allah (TAQWATAQWA), and believe in His), and believe in His Messenger, [and] He will grant you doubly of HisMessenger, [and] He will grant you doubly of His grace, and will light for you a light wherein yougrace, and will light for you a light wherein you shall walk, and will forgive you [your past sins]:shall walk, and will forgive you [your past sins]: for Allah is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.”for Allah is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.” ((Qur’an: Hadid: 57: 28Qur’an: Hadid: 57: 28)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 45. ““And remain conscious of Allah (And remain conscious of Allah (TAQWATAQWA), and it is), and it is Allah who is teaching you [herewith] - and Allah hasAllah who is teaching you [herewith] - and Allah has full knowledge of everything.”full knowledge of everything.” ((Qur’an: Hashr: 59: 2020)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 46. ““O YOU who have attained to faith! Remain consciousO YOU who have attained to faith! Remain conscious of Allah (of Allah (TAQWATAQWA), and be among those who are true), and be among those who are true to their word!”to their word!” ((Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 119Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 119)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 47. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 48. ““O you who have attained to faith! RemainO you who have attained to faith! Remain conscious of Allah (conscious of Allah (TAQWATAQWA), and [always] speak), and [always] speak with a will to bring out [only] what is just and true –with a will to bring out [only] what is just and true – [whereupon] He will cause your deeds to be[whereupon] He will cause your deeds to be virtuous, and will forgive you your sins. And [knowvirtuous, and will forgive you your sins. And [know that] whoever pays heed unto Allah and Histhat] whoever pays heed unto Allah and His Messenger has already attained to a mightyMessenger has already attained to a mighty triumph.”triumph.” ((Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 70-71Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 70-71)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 49. ““Fulfil the personal religious obligations (Fulfil the personal religious obligations (FARDHFARDH’) that has’) that has been fixed by Allah (upon Muslims), and this will make you tobeen fixed by Allah (upon Muslims), and this will make you to become a person ofbecome a person of TAQWATAQWA (righteous and God-fearing).”(righteous and God-fearing).” ((Hadith reported by TabaraniHadith reported by Tabarani)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 50. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 51. ““Be conscious of Allah (Be conscious of Allah (TAQWATAQWA) wherever you may be,) wherever you may be, and follow-up whatever misdeeds you may haveand follow-up whatever misdeeds you may have committed (as reparation) by doing (more) righteouscommitted (as reparation) by doing (more) righteous deeds (for these) shall efface them (the negative effectdeeds (for these) shall efface them (the negative effect of these misdeeds), and interact with people in the bestof these misdeeds), and interact with people in the best manner of disposition (i.e. adopt a noble character).”manner of disposition (i.e. adopt a noble character).” ((Hadith reported by Tabrani from Abi DzarHadith reported by Tabrani from Abi Dzar)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 52. ““Islam (submission to the Will of Allah) is built upon five .... “Islam (submission to the Will of Allah) is built upon five .... “ ((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim)) ““Do not regard your duty inDo not regard your duty in ‘ibadat‘ibadat as mere rituals,as mere rituals, for they are for your education and developmentalfor they are for your education and developmental program to become truly a Muslim”program to become truly a Muslim” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 53. Aspects of practices, when consistently performed definitely willAspects of practices, when consistently performed definitely will leave an indelible impression upon our disposition – sooner or later byleave an indelible impression upon our disposition – sooner or later by Allah’s leave.Allah’s leave. To hasten impact, doing an act with knowledge certainly is important.To hasten impact, doing an act with knowledge certainly is important. Thus acts of devotions which in Islam constitute the essential programmeThus acts of devotions which in Islam constitute the essential programme for every Muslim’s development. To merely see these aspects purelyfor every Muslim’s development. To merely see these aspects purely from the “from the “ do’s and don’tdo’s and don’t ” alone ; or mere ritualistic perspective, would” alone ; or mere ritualistic perspective, would be incorrect.be incorrect. Implicit in all the teaching on the practices is the development ofImplicit in all the teaching on the practices is the development of inner awareness and purity in theinner awareness and purity in the NafsNafs (Self), which would then form(Self), which would then form that character (disposition) of a person who submits to Allah.that character (disposition) of a person who submits to Allah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 54. There is always that inner dimension in the Muslims’ acts of worship ,There is always that inner dimension in the Muslims’ acts of worship , the spiritual to what is seen as physical.the spiritual to what is seen as physical. Why It begins with the physical aspects is because man’s innerWhy It begins with the physical aspects is because man’s inner spirituality is usually dimmed by our attraction to the physical andspirituality is usually dimmed by our attraction to the physical and material outlook in life.material outlook in life. The development favoured by Islam is for the achievement of aThe development favoured by Islam is for the achievement of a balanced growth, both physical and spiritual: for the material well-beingbalanced growth, both physical and spiritual: for the material well-being in this world as well as, more importantly, the eternal happiness in thein this world as well as, more importantly, the eternal happiness in the Hereafter – the place where ourHereafter – the place where our NAFSNAFS (Self) ultimately will be for(Self) ultimately will be for eternity.eternity. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 55. We may taste the higher conditions (We may taste the higher conditions (HAALHAAL), but by our sincere), but by our sincere striving we hope Allah may grant us the success (striving we hope Allah may grant us the success (TaufiqTaufiq) to have) to have consistency (consistency (ISTIQOMAHISTIQOMAH) to be in this condition such that it becomes our) to be in this condition such that it becomes our permanent state or station (permanent state or station (MAQOMMAQOM).”).” Thus, this basic conditionThus, this basic condition ((HAALHAAL) and state or station () and state or station (MAQOMMAQOM) – of) – of ““ISLAMISLAM” OR the condition of “” OR the condition of “submission and obedience to Allah’s willsubmission and obedience to Allah’s will ”” must firstly be traversed first prior to attainment of the higher stations.must firstly be traversed first prior to attainment of the higher stations. The condition of being Muslim is for all to begin with, whereas theThe condition of being Muslim is for all to begin with, whereas the subsequent stations are subsequent conferment or attainment of thesubsequent stations are subsequent conferment or attainment of the degree of nearness to Allah the highest beingdegree of nearness to Allah the highest being TAQWATAQWA.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 56. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 57. From the word root “From the word root “WAU-QAF-YAWAU-QAF-YA” - we have:” - we have: ““WI-QAA-YAWI-QAA-YA” meaning – “” meaning – “to safeguard; shelter; shield;to safeguard; shelter; shield; take care from; precaution; avert; etc.take care from; precaution; avert; etc.”” Thus the implication is “Thus the implication is “to have regard or being conscious of Allahto have regard or being conscious of Allah such that we are especially cautious (by safeguarding ourselvessuch that we are especially cautious (by safeguarding ourselves and our deeds from all sins), so as not to incur His wrath andand our deeds from all sins), so as not to incur His wrath and punishmentpunishment..”” TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 58. The usual translation into English isThe usual translation into English is ‘reverential fear of Allah’‘reverential fear of Allah’,, which may convey some aspect of it, yet the full understanding ofwhich may convey some aspect of it, yet the full understanding of this term still evades many. I prefer to use termthis term still evades many. I prefer to use term “the“the ‘‘consciousness of Allah’consciousness of Allah’,, which entails factors which lead to truewhich entails factors which lead to true obedience to Allah s.w.t. and His Messenger Muhammad s.a.w. -obedience to Allah s.w.t. and His Messenger Muhammad s.a.w. - obedience to what Allah has ordered and staying away from whatobedience to what Allah has ordered and staying away from what Allah forbade.Allah forbade. TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 59. If you are wearing an overflowing robe, how would you walk through upon a road full of bushes of thorns ? # ۱ PARABLE OF WALKING IN THORNY PATHWAY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 60. It would not be a problem to walk upon this road this wide isn’t it? 2 metres # ۲ Suppose you are shown this lighted path …. PARABLE OF ‘ACROPHOBIA’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 61. But now knowing the reality of where you really are, how would you be walking upon it? 2 metres # ۲ PARABLE OF ‘ACROPHOBIA’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 62. TAUFIQTAUFIQ HIDAAYAHIDAAYA (success) (guidance) PARABLE OF THE ROAD What is …. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 63. TAUFIQTAUFIQ HIDAAYAHIDAAYA (astray)(astray) (success) (guidance) PARABLE OF THE ROAD All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 64. TAUFIQTAUFIQ (missed completely) (‘Bulls-eye’) (on target) HIDAAYAHIDAAYA (missed completely) PARABLE IN ARCHERY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 65. Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazalie rhmImam Abu Hamid al-Ghazalie rhm. [Ref: “al-Ghazalie –. [Ref: “al-Ghazalie – Inner Dimensions of Islamic Worship”] has listed sixInner Dimensions of Islamic Worship”] has listed six important qualities in ‘important qualities in ‘TaqwaTaqwa’ (consciousness of Allah):’ (consciousness of Allah): TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 66. [1] AWARENESS[1] AWARENESS By conscious awareness we mean the state in which one’sBy conscious awareness we mean the state in which one’s mind and feelings are in no way distracted from what one ismind and feelings are in no way distracted from what one is doing and saying. Perception is united with action and speech.doing and saying. Perception is united with action and speech. Thoughts do not wonder. When the mind remains attentive toThoughts do not wonder. When the mind remains attentive to what one is doing, when one is whole-heartedly involved, andwhat one is doing, when one is whole-heartedly involved, and when nothing makes one heedless, that is when one haswhen nothing makes one heedless, that is when one has achieved conscious awareness.achieved conscious awareness. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 67. [2] UNDERSTANDING[2] UNDERSTANDING Understanding the meaning of one’s words is something thatUnderstanding the meaning of one’s words is something that goes beyond awareness, for one may be conscious of making angoes beyond awareness, for one may be conscious of making an utterance, yet not be aware of the meaning of that utterance.utterance, yet not be aware of the meaning of that utterance. What we mean by understanding therefore is an awarenessWhat we mean by understanding therefore is an awareness that also include comprehension of the meaning of one’sthat also include comprehension of the meaning of one’s utterance.utterance. People differ in this respect, not sharing a commonPeople differ in this respect, not sharing a common understanding of the Qur’an and the glorifications (we uttered).understanding of the Qur’an and the glorifications (we uttered). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 68. [3] REVERENCE[3] REVERENCE As for reverence, this is something beyond both awarenessAs for reverence, this is something beyond both awareness and understanding. A man may address his servant in fulland understanding. A man may address his servant in full awareness and understanding the meaning of his words,awareness and understanding the meaning of his words, yet without reverence, for reverence is in additionalyet without reverence, for reverence is in additional element.element. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 69. As for awe, it is over and above reverence. In fact, it represents aAs for awe, it is over and above reverence. In fact, it represents a kind of fear that grows out of the latter (i.e. reverence). Withoutkind of fear that grows out of the latter (i.e. reverence). Without experiencing fear, one will not stand in awe. There is an ordinaryexperiencing fear, one will not stand in awe. There is an ordinary fear of things we find repugnant, like scorpions or bad temper,fear of things we find repugnant, like scorpions or bad temper, but this is not awe. What we called awe, is the kind of fear webut this is not awe. What we called awe, is the kind of fear we have for a mighty king. Awe is the kind of fear induced by ahave for a mighty king. Awe is the kind of fear induced by a sense of majesty.sense of majesty. [4] AWE[4] AWE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 70. [5] HOPE[5] HOPE As for hope, this is unquestionably something else again. ThereAs for hope, this is unquestionably something else again. There are many who revere one or other, and who are in awe of him orare many who revere one or other, and who are in awe of him or afraid of his power, yet do not hope to be rewarded by him. Inafraid of his power, yet do not hope to be rewarded by him. In our prayers, however, we must hope for the reward of God,our prayers, however, we must hope for the reward of God, Great and Glorious is He, just as we fear His punishment for ourGreat and Glorious is He, just as we fear His punishment for our faults.faults. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 71. [6] SHAME[6] SHAME As for shame, it is something additional to all the rest, for itAs for shame, it is something additional to all the rest, for it is based on the realization of one’s deficiencies and theis based on the realization of one’s deficiencies and the apprehension of sin. It is quite possible to conceive ofapprehension of sin. It is quite possible to conceive of reverence, fear and hope, without this element of shame.reverence, fear and hope, without this element of shame. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 72. In summary,In summary, TAQWATAQWA is that state of consciousness of Allah s.w.t.is that state of consciousness of Allah s.w.t. with:with: [1] AWARENESS[1] AWARENESS [2] UNDERSTANDING[2] UNDERSTANDING [3] REVERENCE[3] REVERENCE [4] AWE[4] AWE [5] HOPE[5] HOPE [6] SHAME[6] SHAME All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) TO BE CONTINUED
  • 73. AND ALLAH KNOWS ALLAND ALLAH KNOWS ALL All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  • 74. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 74 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)