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Slideshare (adab-2013)lesson#-12-adab-qur'an-inculcation-social-awareness-cont'd-(28-dec-2013)

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  • 1. Topic for 28 December 2013 LESSON # 12 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. FROM TASAWWUR ISLAM ‘A SOCIOLOGICAL PRESPECTIVE’- (contn’d) 3RD RUN OF THE MODULE started 24 August 2013 Arabic (plural) of Adab : meanings – “good breeding, decency, nurture, good manners, refinement, cultured, decorum, courteous, etiquette, propriety, social grace, to educate, discipline, the humanities, etc.” sense of proportion and knowledge of their rightful place in the order of things, the absence of which indicates injustice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) UPDATED - 28 DECEMBER 2013
  • 2. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON By retracing our life, we start with understanding our basic nature as a human being - having inherent powers and their potentialities to be developed. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 3. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON In our relationship regarding our Education – we are to encounter, i.e. assisted by our educators with what is referred to as, “knowledge”. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 4. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON Yet, we are born helpless and have to be cared, nurtured, to be inculcated with discipline, taught and developed by a Murabbi’ (EDUCATOR) – the first of whom are our PARENTS. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 5. Relationship with the Parents and Teacher Beginning of education: [1] Tarbiyya pertains to training of the soul still attached to desires, etc. Obedience to Parents and teachers TIME KNOWLEDGE TEACHERS PARENTS Teacher/Educator: BODY [1] Parent [2] Teacher Although ultimate is Knowledge, (both theoretical and practical) – initial disciplining, rote learning, memorization, etc. may be crucial. SELF TONGUE MIND HEART DESIRE Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) THE WORLD
  • 6. APPENDIX ALLAH RASULULLAH AHLIL-BAYTIHI ASHAABIHI AL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAH KNOWLEDGE TEACHERS PARENTS BODY SELF TONGUE MIND HEART DESIRE 6 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 7. APPENDIX ALLAH HEREAFTER RASULULLAH AHLIL-BAYTIHI ASHAABIHI AL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAH TIME KNOWLEDGE TEACHERS PARENTS BODY SELF TONGUE MIND HEART DESIRE THE WORLD 7 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 8. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 9.  With the “loss of Adab”, even the knowledge of who the true leaders and scholars is lost, and the confusion compounded.  Actually this confusion in knowledge can be corrected through Education.  Yet, education in man cannot be truly done without his having basic “Adab” itself.  Thus the importance of restoring the “Adab” in every Muslim.  It may even have to begin by correcting their misuse of “terms” (istilah) and clarifying wrongly assumed “definition” (ta’rifat) that may have caused whatever misunderstandings. 9 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 10. Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas : “The learned and wise among Muslims must use constant vigilance in detecting erroneous usage in language which impinges upon semantic change in major key elements and creates general confusion and error in the understanding of Islam and of its worldview.” Quote: “The Concept of Education in Islam” pp. 37-38 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 11. EPISTEMOLOGY Thus, perspective of Education in Islam can be defined: “... Recognition and acknowledgement, progressively instilled into man, of the proper places of things in the order of creation, such that it leads to the recognition and acknowledgement of the proper place of God in the order of being and existence.” Quoted from: “The Educational Philosophy and Practice of Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas” by Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud (ISTAC publication). In other words, it is all about – “ADAB ” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 12. “ …. it is very much related to the Islamic concept of Education for ADAB is recognition and acknowledgement of the Reality, and knowing of one’s place in the order of things; capable of putting the right thing in their rightful place, in their rightful manner; rendering just due to whomsoever has the right, and in our acquisition of rightful things to be in accordance with the right proportion and under the right circumstance …. It is very closely related to the Islamic concept of al-’Adl (the justice)*, the upholding of which leads to TAQWA (the consciousness of Allah)” Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail – course on “Islamic Concept of Adab” * Including al-QISTw –higher form of justice (tampered with IHSAN) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 13. ONLY FOR THOSE MEANT TO BE SUBDUED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 14. APPENDIX ALLAH HEREAFTER RASULULLAH ASHAABIHI AL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAH HISTORY TIME KNOWLEDGE ANCESTORS AHLIL-BAYTIHI SIBLINGS CLASSMATES FRIENDS SELF MIND EMPLOYER/EMPLOYEE AL-UMMAH FELLOW MUSLIMS NGO’s/GO’s All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) AD-DA’WAH MUJAAHID SPOUSE TONGUE CO-WORKERS AL-‘ULAMA TEACHERS PARENTS BODY IMAM MADZAAHIB NON-MUSLIMS HEART IN-LAWS CHILDREN HEALTH DESIRE WEALTH STATUS NEIGHBOURS AMBITIONS THE WORLD 14
  • 15. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 16. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 17. “In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. [All] praise is [due] to Allah, Lord of the worlds - The Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful, Sovereign of the Day of Recompense. It is You we worship and You we ask for help. Guide us to the straight path - The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favour, not of those who have evoked [Your] anger or of those who are astray.” (Qur’an: al-Fateha: 1: 1-7) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 18. “Every child is born in a state of pure innocence ( FITWRAH), It is the parents then who would make him to become a Jew or a Christian or a Pagan.” (Hadith reported by Bukhary) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 20. “O YOU who have attained to faith! Ward off from yourselves (i.e. save yourself) and those who are close to you (AHLI-KUM) that fire [of the hereafter] whose fuel is human beings and stones: [lording] over it are angelic powers awesome [and] severe, who do not disobey Allah in whatever He has commanded them, but [always] do what they are bidden to do.” (Qur’an: Tahrim: 66: 6) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 21. AR W G IN N “When people TATRUKU - leave (set aside) the affairs of their DEEN – religion, because of their concern in improving their worldly matters, then Allah will open upon them much danger (harm).” (Hadith reported by Ahmad) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 22. Every tree begun from a seed, and would grow in stages – from seedling into a plant which from its onset develops several important crucial components viz. Its roots, its stems which then grow into trunk and branches, its barks and leaves etc. All of these has to be nurtured and let to grow in tandem – as and when conditions permits. If any of these is neglected, or process for their growth stymied to only allow one component to be fully developed without these others – then the tree may be harmed. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 23. “People are like minerals, the best of them in Jahiliyah will still be the best amongst them in Islam, so long as they have proper (profound) understanding (of this Deen).” (Hadith reported by Bukhary, Muslim, Darimi and Ahmad) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 24. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 25. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 26. TASAWWUR ISLAM LEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF MUTTAQEEN TAQWA God-consciousness or Piety IF NO EFFORT DONE TOWARDS STRIVING FOR HIGHER STATIONS, A MUSLIM MAY END-UP BECOMING .... MUSLIM MUSRIFEEN MUNAFEEQIN Submission All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FASIQEEN ZOLIMEEN MUJRIMEEN GHOFILEEN MUFSIDEEN ETC. FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 27. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 28. TASAWWUR ISLAM LEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF MUTTAQEEN TAQWA God-consciousness or Piety MAQOM AL-’ARIFEEN MUKHLISWEEN Sincerity MUHSEEN MAQOM AZ-ZUHUD Best or righteous conduct MU’MEEN MAQOM AL-WARA’ Believer MUSLIM MAQOM AT-TAUBAH Submission MAQOM AL-ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 29. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  • 30. “O you who have believed, (be conscious of and) fear Allah (TAQWA) as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 103) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 31. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 32. “O YOU who have attained to faith! Ward off from yourselves (i.e. save yourself) and those who are close to you (AHLI-KUM) that fire [of the hereafter] whose fuel is human beings and stones: [lording] over it are angelic powers awesome [and] severe, who do not disobey Allah in whatever He has commanded them, but [always] do what they are bidden to do.” (Qur’an: Tahrim: 66: 6) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 33. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 34. “Say, "O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Indeed, Allah forgives all sins. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful.” (Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 53) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 35. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 36. “And return [in repentance] to your Lord and submit to Him before the punishment comes upon you; then you will not be helped. And follow the best of what was revealed to you from your Lord before the punishment comes upon you suddenly while you do not perceive, .” (Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 54-55) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 37. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 38. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 39. “O you who have believed, (be conscious of and) fear Allah (TAQWA). And let every soul look to what it has put forth for tomorrow - and fear Allah (TAQWA). Indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what you do. And be not like those who forgot Allah, so He made them forget themselves. Those are the defiantly disobedient (FAASIQUN).” (Qur’an: Hashr: 59: 18-19) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 40. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. "Not equal are the companions of the Fire and the companions of Paradise. The companions of Paradise - they are the ones who attain [true success].” (Qur’an: Surah Al-Hashr: 59: 20) AN-NASEEHAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  • 41. “Be not deceived by the [uninhibited] movement of the disbelievers throughout the land: [It is but] a small enjoyment; then their [final] refuge is Hell, and wretched is the resting place)!” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 196-197) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 42. “On the other hand, for those who (are conscious and) fear their Lord, are Gardens with rivers flowing beneath: therein are they to dwell (for ever) a gift,― from the presence of Allah; and that which is in the presence of Allah is the best (bliss) for the righteous.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 198)
  • 43. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 44. “HAST THOU ever considered [the kind of man] who makes his own desires (HAWA) his deity, and whom Allah has [thereupon] let go astray, knowing [that his mind is closed to all guidance], and whose hearing and heart He has sealed, and upon whose sight He has placed a veil? Who, then, could guide him after Allah [has abandoned him]? Will you not, then, (TADZAKKARUN) bethink your-selves? “ (Qur’an: Jatsiyah: 45: 23) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 45. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 46. “The craving for ever-greater worldly gains and to excel others in that regard keeps you occupied until you reach your graves . Nay, you will soon come to know; nay, again, you shall soon come to know. Nay, would that you knew with certainty of knowledge (what your attitude will lead to, you would never have acted the way you do). You will surely end up seeing Hell; again, you shall most certainly end up seeing it with absolute certainty. Then, on that Day, you will be called to account for all the bounties you enjoyed.” (Qur’an: Takathur: 102: 1-8) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 47. “And nothing is the life of this world (DUN-YAA) but a play and a passing delight; and the life in the hereafter is by far the better for all who are conscious of Allah (YATTAQUUN) Will you not, then, use your reason? ” (Qur’an: An’am: 6: 32) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 48. “Whoever memorizes (HAFIZA) ten verses from the beginning of Surah Al-Kahf will be protected from the False Messiah (DAJJAL). “ (Hadith reported by Muslim. Abu Dawud, Nasa-i) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 49. AL-HAM-DU-LIL-LAA-HIL-LA-DZEE – AN-ZA-LA –’ALAA – ‘AB-DI-HIL – KI-TAA-BA [All] praise is [due] to Allah, who has sent down upon His Servant the Book WA – LAM – YAJ – ‘AL – LA-HUU – ‘I- WA - JAA and has not made therein any deviance QOY-YEE-MAN – LI-YUN- DZI-RA – BA’-SAN – SHA-DEE-DAM – MIN – LA-DUN-HU .[He has made it] straight, to warn of severe punishment from Him All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) QUR’AN: AL-KAHFI: 18: 1-2
  • 50. WA – YU – BASH – SHI - RUL – MU’- MI - NEE – NAL LA-DZEE - NA – YA’- MA – LUS – SWO – LI – HAA - TI and to give good tidings to the believers who do righteous deeds - AN – NA – LA – HUM – AJ-RAN – HA-SA-NAH that they will have a good reward MAA – KI – TSEE – NA – FEE – HI – A-BA-DAA In which they will remain forever. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) QUR’AN: AL-KAHFI: 18: 2-3
  • 51. WA – YUN – DZI-RAL – LA-DZEE-NA – QO –LUT – TA – KHO-DZAL-LAA-HU – WA – LA-DA And to warn those who say, "Allah has taken a son." MAA – LA-HUM – BI-HI – MIN – ‘IL –MIN – WA-LAA – LI- AA – BA – I - HIM They have no knowledge of it, nor had their fathers. KA-BU-RAT – KA-LI-MA-TAN – TAKH – RU-JU – MIN –AF-WAA –HI-HIM Grave is the word that comes out of their mouths;. . QUR’AN: AL-KAHFI: 18: 4-5 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 52. IN –YA – QUU – LUU –NA – IL-LAA – KA – DZI-BAA they speak not except a lie - FA - LA –’AL-LA-KA – BAA – KHI – ‘UN – NAF- SA –KA – ‘A-LAA - AA – TSAA – RI-HIM Then perhaps you would kill yourself through grief over them, [O Muhammad], IN – LAM – YU’ – NUU – BI – HAA –DZAL – HA – DEETHI – A-SA-FAA if they do not believe in this message, [and] out of sorrow . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) QUR’AN: AL-KAHFI: 18: 5-6
  • 53. IN –NAA – JA-’AL-NAA – MAA – ‘ALAL – ARDWI – ZEE - NA – TAN – LA-HAA Indeed, We have made that which is on the earth adornment for it LI-NAB – LU-WA- HUM – AI –YU - HUM- AH – NA-U – ‘A- MA-LAA that We may test them [as to] which of them is best in deed.- WA – IN – NAA – LA – JAA – ‘I-LUU-NA – MAA – SWO-’EE –DAN – JU-RU-ZA And indeed, We will make that which is upon it [into] a barren ground. . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) QUR’AN: AL-KAHFI: 18: 7-8
  • 54. AM – HA = SIB – TA – AN – NA – AS – HAA - BAL – KAH –FI Or have you thought that the companions of the cave WAR – RO – QEE – MI KAA – NUU – MIN – AA – YAA – TI-NAA - ‘A - JA - BAA and the inscription were, among Our signs, a wonder? IDZ - AWAL – FIT – YA-TU – ILAL – KAH –FI – FA – QAA - LUU [Mention] when the youths retreated to the cave and said … All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) QUR’AN: AL-KAHFI: 18: 9-10
  • 55. ROB – BA – NAA – AA – TI - NAA  "Our Lord,." MIN – LA – DUNKA – ROH – MA - TAN grant us from Yourself mercy WA – HAI – YI ɔ - LA-NAA – MIN – AM-RI - NAA – RA – SHA-DAA and prepare for us from our affair right guidance. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) QUR’AN: AL-KAHFI: 18:10
  • 56. AND ALLAH KNOWS ALL All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 57. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 58. “O Allah, bless our master Muhammad, Your slave and Your Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, and upon the family of our Master Muhammad, and his wives, the mothers of all the Believers, and upon his descendants, the people of his house, just as You have blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim, in the worlds, for You are the Praiseworthy, the Mighty!" All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 59. “And sanctify our master Muhammad, Your slave and Your Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, and upon the family of our Master Muhammad, and his wives, the mothers of all the Believers, and upon his descendants, the people of his house, just as You have sanctified Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim, in the worlds, for You are the Praiseworthy, the Mighty!" All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 60. “O Allah! Grant us the love for You, and the love for Your Messenger Muhammad s.a.w., and the love towards whoever has love for You, and make us to love doing every deeds which can bring us towards Your Nearness, and make us to love You more than our love for cool (drinking) water.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 61. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 62. "Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people." All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 63. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 64. “O Allah, make my speech be guidance, inspire me with reverential fear, give me success in that which is most pure, and employ me in what is most pleasing to Thee! O Allah, let me tread the most exemplary path and make me live and die in Thy creed! O Allah, bless Muhammad and his Household, give me to enjoy moderation, make me into one of the people of right behaviour, the proofs of right conduct, and the servants of righteousness," All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 65. O Allah! Make faith (iiman) dear to us and beautify it in our hearts and make disbelief (Kufr), sinning (Fusuq) and rebelliousness (`isyan) hateful to us, and make us among the rightly guided ( Raa-shi-duun). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 66. O Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as Muslims and join us with the ranks of the righteous ones, without tasting humiliation or turmoil. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 67. ‘And (may Allah send) salutations and prayers upon Muhammad and upon the household and companions of Muhammad (the pure ones of his family and all the loyal followers). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 68. “Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  • 69. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/  http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/  http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/  http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/  http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)

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