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Muslim festivals[slideshare]

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Brief talk for staff of Temasek Polytechnic Singapore, on Islam & Muslim days of festivals.

Brief talk for staff of Temasek Polytechnic Singapore, on Islam & Muslim days of festivals.

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  • 1. UNDERSTANDING THEUNDERSTANDING THE ““EID-AINEID-AIN”” TWO ANNUAL FESTIVALSTWO ANNUAL FESTIVALS OF ISLAMOF ISLAM Prepared by:Prepared by: Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailZhulkeflee Hj Ismail IN THE NAME OF ALLAHIN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATEMOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL ISLAM & THE MUSLIMSISLAM & THE MUSLIMS A PRESENTATION FOR STAFF OF TEMASEK POLYTECHNIC @ LIBRARY SEMINAR ROOM LEVEL 9 TEMASEK POLYTECHNIC TAMPINES, SINGAPORE. WEDNESDAY, 24 NOV 2010 @ 3.30PM All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 2. DISPELLING SOMEDISPELLING SOME MISCONCEPTIONSMISCONCEPTIONS ‘Eid-ul-Fitr’ & for that matter ‘Eid-ul-Adha are not the Muslims’ new year. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 3. DISPELLING SOMEDISPELLING SOME MISCONCEPTIONSMISCONCEPTIONS ‘Eid-ul-Fitr’ & for that matter ‘Eid-ul-Adha , are not the Muslims’ new year. The Muslim’s new year begins in the first lunar calendar month of Muharram. (this year coincide with 7 Dec 2010) All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 4. DISPELLING SOMEDISPELLING SOME MISCONCEPTIONSMISCONCEPTIONS ‘Eid-ul-Fitr’ & for that matter ‘Eid-ul-Adha are not the Muslims’ new year. The Muslim’s new year begins in the first lunar calendar month of Muharram. (this year coincide with 7 Dec 2010) There are also other auspicious days commemorated by Muslims. Some may be sanctioned from teachings of Qur’an and As-Sunnah, while there may also be other customs, culture and practices, adopted by the Muslims in this region, termed as “adat”. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 5. ‘‘EID-AL-FITRIEID-AL-FITRI (Festival of the breaking the Fast)(Festival of the breaking the Fast) All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010 ISLAM & THE MUSLIMSISLAM & THE MUSLIMS
  • 6. Understanding terminologiesUnderstanding terminologies • EID – ( “Festival”) • AL – (“the”) • FITR’ – (“break”) So ‘Eid-ul-Fitr’ means “festival of the breaking of the fast” • Malays sometimes use the term “Hari Raya Puasa” – meaning “festival of Fasting (marking the end of Ramadhan month)”. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 7. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 8. “O ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you that ye may (learn) Taqwa (God-consciousness leading to self-restraint).― “ (Surah Baqarah: 2: 183) WHY DO MUSLIMS FAST? All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 9. “Allah (God) intends every facility for you He does not want to put you to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period (of fasting), and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.” (Surah Baqarah: 2: 185) WHY DO MUSLIMS FAST? All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 10. Fasting and its significance?Fasting and its significance? • Daily fasting in month of Ramadhan is the thirdDaily fasting in month of Ramadhan is the third pillar of Islam.pillar of Islam. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 11. Fasting and its significance?Fasting and its significance? • Daily fasting in month of Ramadhan is the thirdDaily fasting in month of Ramadhan is the third pillar of Islam.pillar of Islam. • It is for development of a Muslim’s strength,It is for development of a Muslim’s strength, discipline in self-denial – a crucial factor to being adiscipline in self-denial – a crucial factor to being a MuslimMuslim – ability to submit our will and desire to all– ability to submit our will and desire to all that which Allah commands.that which Allah commands. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 12. Fasting and its significance?Fasting and its significance? • Daily fasting in month of Ramadhan is the thirdDaily fasting in month of Ramadhan is the third pillar of Islam.pillar of Islam. • It is for development of a Muslim’s strength,It is for development of a Muslim’s strength, discipline in self-denial – a crucial factor to being adiscipline in self-denial – a crucial factor to being a MuslimMuslim – ability to submit our will and desire to all– ability to submit our will and desire to all that which Allah commands.that which Allah commands. • A period of self-renewal, re-orientation of our lifeA period of self-renewal, re-orientation of our life back towards natural state or “back towards natural state or “fitrahfitrah” - free of sins” - free of sins and blame with God’s Mercy and forgiveness.and blame with God’s Mercy and forgiveness. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 13. Why the festival?Why the festival? • It is in the accomplishment of the one monthIt is in the accomplishment of the one month fasting that Muslims celebrate.fasting that Muslims celebrate. IT MUST BE CELEBRATED FOR:IT MUST BE CELEBRATED FOR: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 14. Why the festival?Why the festival? • It is in the accomplishment of the one monthIt is in the accomplishment of the one month fasting that Muslims celebrate.fasting that Muslims celebrate. IT MUST BE CELEBRATED FOR:IT MUST BE CELEBRATED FOR:  expressing gratitude to Allah through glorifications;expressing gratitude to Allah through glorifications; All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 15. Why the festival?Why the festival? • It is in the accomplishment of the one monthIt is in the accomplishment of the one month fasting that Muslims celebrate.fasting that Muslims celebrate. IT MUST BE CELEBRATED FOR:IT MUST BE CELEBRATED FOR:  expressing gratitude to Allahexpressing gratitude to Allah through glorifications;through glorifications; Thanksgiving by appreciating good things;Thanksgiving by appreciating good things; All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 16. Why the festival?Why the festival? • It is in the accomplishment of the one monthIt is in the accomplishment of the one month fasting that Muslims celebrate.fasting that Muslims celebrate. IT MUST BE CELEBRATED FOR:IT MUST BE CELEBRATED FOR:  expressing gratitude to Allah througexpressing gratitude to Allah through glorifications;h glorifications; Thanksgiving by appreciating good things;Thanksgiving by appreciating good things; renewal of bonds and relationship;renewal of bonds and relationship; All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 17. Why the festival?Why the festival? • It is in the accomplishment of the one monthIt is in the accomplishment of the one month fasting that Muslims celebrate.fasting that Muslims celebrate. IT MUST BE CELEBRATED FOR:IT MUST BE CELEBRATED FOR:  expressing gratitude to Allah texpressing gratitude to Allah through glorifications;hrough glorifications; Thanksgiving by appreciating good things;Thanksgiving by appreciating good things; renewal of bonds and relationship;renewal of bonds and relationship; Charity and giving;Charity and giving; All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 18. Why the festival?Why the festival? • It is in the accomplishment of the one monthIt is in the accomplishment of the one month fasting that Muslims celebrate.fasting that Muslims celebrate. IT MUST BE CELEBRATED FOR:IT MUST BE CELEBRATED FOR:  expressing gratitude to Allahexpressing gratitude to Allah through glorifications;through glorifications; Thanksgiving by appreciating good things;Thanksgiving by appreciating good things; renewal of bonds and relationship;renewal of bonds and relationship; Charity and giving;Charity and giving; and the steadfastness in worship – all throughand the steadfastness in worship – all through obedience and consciousness (piety) to God.obedience and consciousness (piety) to God. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 19. How it is celebrated by Muslims?How it is celebrated by Muslims? • Before the day of celebration, Muslims must give toBefore the day of celebration, Muslims must give to the poor and needy Muslims the tax calledthe poor and needy Muslims the tax called ‘‘sadaqat-ul-fitrsadaqat-ul-fitraa’ or ‘’ or ‘zakat-ul-fitra’.zakat-ul-fitra’. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 20. How it is celebrated by Muslims?How it is celebrated by Muslims? • Before the day of celebration, Muslims must give toBefore the day of celebration, Muslims must give to the poor and needy Muslims the tax calledthe poor and needy Muslims the tax called ‘‘sadaqat-ul-fitrsadaqat-ul-fitraa’ or ‘’ or ‘zakat-ul-fitra’.zakat-ul-fitra’. • The chanting of glorification to God (The chanting of glorification to God (takbirtakbir)) throughout the evening until they perform thethroughout the evening until they perform the morningmorning ‘Eid‘Eid prayer.prayer. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 21. How it is celebrated by Muslims?How it is celebrated by Muslims? • Before the day of celebration, Muslims must give toBefore the day of celebration, Muslims must give to the poor and needy Muslims the tax calledthe poor and needy Muslims the tax called ‘‘sadaqat-ul-fitrsadaqat-ul-fitra’a’ or ‘or ‘zakat-ul-fitra’zakat-ul-fitra’.. • The chanting of glorification to God (The chanting of glorification to God (takbirtakbir)) throughout the evening until they perform thethroughout the evening until they perform the morningmorning ‘Eid‘Eid prayer.prayer. • MorningMorning ‘Eid‘Eid prayer with sermon in open fields andprayer with sermon in open fields and mosques are attended both, by male & female.mosques are attended both, by male & female. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 22. How it is celebrated by Muslims?How it is celebrated by Muslims? • Before the day of celebration, Muslims must give toBefore the day of celebration, Muslims must give to the poor and needy Muslims the tax calledthe poor and needy Muslims the tax called ‘‘sadaqat-ul-fitrsadaqat-ul-fitra’a’ or ‘or ‘zakat-ul-fitra’.zakat-ul-fitra’. • The chanting of glorification to God (The chanting of glorification to God (takbirtakbir)) throughout the evening until they perform thethroughout the evening until they perform the morningmorning ‘Eid‘Eid prayer.prayer. • MorningMorning ‘Eid‘Eid prayer with sermon in open fields andprayer with sermon in open fields and mosques are attended both, by male & female.mosques are attended both, by male & female. • Congratulating each other, feasting and mutualCongratulating each other, feasting and mutual visiting.visiting. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 23. How it is celebrated by Muslims?How it is celebrated by Muslims? • Before the day of celebration, Muslims must give to theBefore the day of celebration, Muslims must give to the poor and needy Muslims the tax called ‘poor and needy Muslims the tax called ‘sadaqat-ul-sadaqat-ul- fitrfitra’a’ or ‘or ‘zakat-ul-fitra’.zakat-ul-fitra’. • The chanting of glorification to God (The chanting of glorification to God (takbirtakbir) throughout) throughout the evening until they perform the morningthe evening until they perform the morning ‘Eid‘Eid prayer.prayer. • MorningMorning ‘Eid‘Eid prayer with sermon in open fields andprayer with sermon in open fields and mosques are attended both, by male & female.mosques are attended both, by male & female. • Congratulating each other, feasting and mutual visiting.Congratulating each other, feasting and mutual visiting. • Although the day of celebration is technically for oneAlthough the day of celebration is technically for one day, customarily in Singapore,day, customarily in Singapore, hari rayahari raya merriment andmerriment and visiting may even continue for a whole month.visiting may even continue for a whole month. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 24. How it is celebrated by Muslims?How it is celebrated by Muslims? All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 25. How it is celebrated by Muslims?How it is celebrated by Muslims? All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 26. How it is celebrated by Muslims?How it is celebrated by Muslims? All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 27. How it is celebrated by Muslims?How it is celebrated by Muslims? All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 28. How it is celebrated by Muslims?How it is celebrated by Muslims? All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 29. How it is celebrated by Muslims?How it is celebrated by Muslims? All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 30. How it is celebrated by Muslims?How it is celebrated by Muslims? All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 31. How it is celebrated by Muslims?How it is celebrated by Muslims? All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 32. How it is celebrated by Muslims?How it is celebrated by Muslims? All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 33. ‘‘EID-AL-ADHAEID-AL-ADHA (Festival of the Sacrifice)(Festival of the Sacrifice) All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010 ISLAM & THE MUSLIMSISLAM & THE MUSLIMS
  • 34. Understanding terminologiesUnderstanding terminologies • ‘EID – ( “Festival” ) • AL – (“the”) • ADHA – (“slaughter”) So ‘Eid-ul-Adha literally means “festival of the slaughter” • Sometimes the word “QURBAN” is used which only implicitly refers to the “slaughter”, but this word literally means “seeking nearness”. • Malays sometimes use the term “Hari Raya Haji” – meaning “festival of the pilgrimage” All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 35. Understanding terminologiesUnderstanding terminologies • The theme for this celebration is very much linked to the life, creed and rites of the Prophet Abraham and his family a.s. – who are to be regarded by Islam, foremost as models for Muslims. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 36. Understanding terminologiesUnderstanding terminologies • The theme for this celebration is very much linked to the life, creed and rites of the Prophet Abraham and his family a.s. – who are to be regarded by Islam, foremost as models for Muslims. • Thus ‘Eid-ul-Adha , is preceded with the performance of rites of Hajj (pilgrimage) and other rites connected with Makkah, Ka’aba, Arafah, Mudzdalifah, Mina, Abraham, Hagar and Ishmael. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 37. Understanding terminologiesUnderstanding terminologies • The theme for this celebration is very much linked to the life, creed and rites of the Prophet Abraham and his family a.s. – who are to be regarded by Islam, foremost as models for Muslims. • Thus ‘Eid-ul-Adha , is preceded with the performance of rites of Hajj (pilgrimage) and other rites connected with Makkah, Ka’aba, Arafah, Mudzdalifah, Mina, Abraham, Hagar and Ishmael. • This, Hajj, is one of the pillar of Islam, for Muslims who can afford to undertake the journey, at least once in their lifetime. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 38. 38 ““Say : We believe in Allah, and in that which has beenSay : We believe in Allah, and in that which has been revealed to us and that which has been sent downrevealed to us and that which has been sent down on Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob, and theon Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which was given to Moses and Jesustribes, and that which was given to Moses and Jesus and the prophets of their lord; we make no divisionand the prophets of their lord; we make no division between any of them, and to Him (Allah) webetween any of them, and to Him (Allah) we surrender (as Muslims).”surrender (as Muslims).” ((Qur’an : al- Baqarah : 2 : 135Qur’an : al- Baqarah : 2 : 135)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2010All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2010 ISLAM – The Creed of AbrahamISLAM – The Creed of Abraham
  • 39. “for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, (other nations) a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) ADAM (other nations) NOAH (Nuh) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) (1st Born) (2nd Born) ISHMAEL (Isma’il) ISAAC (Ishaq) ABRAHAM (Ibrahim) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2010All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2010
  • 40. “for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, (other nations) a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) JOHN THE BAPTIST (Yahya) ADAM (other nations) NOAH (Nuh) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) JACOB (Ya’akub)) (1st Born) (2nd Born) ISHMAEL (Isma’il) ISAAC (Ishaq) JOSEPH (Yusuf) MOSES (Musa) DAVID (Dawud) ABRAHAM (Ibrahim) SOLOMON (Sulaiman) (many others amongst Israelite) JESUS CHRIST (‘Isa al-Masih) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2010All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2010
  • 41. “for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, (other nations) a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) JOHN THE BAPTIST (Yahya) MUHAMMAD (The chosen Seal of Prophethood) ADAM (other nations) NOAH (Nuh) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) JACOB (Ya’akub)) (1st Born) (2nd Born) ISHMAEL (Isma’il) ISAAC (Ishaq) JOSEPH (Yusuf) (The Quraysh tribe in Mecca, direct descendants of Ishmael) MOSES (Musa) DAVID (Dawud) ABRAHAM (Ibrahim) SOLOMON (Sulaiman) (many others amongst Israelite) JESUS CHRIST (‘Isa al-Masih) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2010All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2010
  • 42. SURAH AN-NAHLU: 16 : 123SURAH AN-NAHLU: 16 : 123 ““Then We revealed to thee (Muhammad): ‘FollowThen We revealed to thee (Muhammad): ‘Follow the ways (creed) of Abraham the true in Faith, andthe ways (creed) of Abraham the true in Faith, and he was not of those who ascribe divinity to othershe was not of those who ascribe divinity to others besides Allah”besides Allah” ((Qur’an : An-Nahl : 16 : 123Qur’an : An-Nahl : 16 : 123)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2010All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2010 ‘Slideshare’ unable to upload Qur’anic Arabic fonts. Please refer to a Mushaf
  • 43. SURAH AL-BAQARAH: 2 : 130-131SURAH AL-BAQARAH: 2 : 130-131 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2010All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2010 ‘Slideshare’ unable to upload Qur’anic Arabic fonts. Please refer to a Mushaf
  • 44. SURAH AL-BAQARAH: 2 : 130-131SURAH AL-BAQARAH: 2 : 130-131 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2010All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2010 ““And who turns away from the religion ofAnd who turns away from the religion of Abraham but such as debase their souls withAbraham but such as debase their souls with folly? Him (Abraham) We chose and renderedfolly? Him (Abraham) We chose and rendered pure in this world: and he will be in thepure in this world: and he will be in the Hereafter in the ranks of the Righteous.Hereafter in the ranks of the Righteous. Behold! His Lord said to him: "Submit (thyBehold! His Lord said to him: "Submit (thy will to Me)" He (Abraham) said: "I bow (mywill to Me)" He (Abraham) said: "I bow (my will) to the Lord and Cherisher of thewill) to the Lord and Cherisher of the universe.“universe.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:130-131Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:130-131))
  • 45. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 46. “Behold the first House of Worship ever set up for mankind was indeed the one in Bakkah (Makkah): rich in blessings and a source of guidance unto all the worlds, full of clear messages. [It is] the place whereon Abraham once stood; and whoever enters it finds inner peace…. ” (Qur’an : Aali-’Imran 3 : 96) THE COMMANDMENT All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 47. “… Hence pilgrimage (Hajj) unto the House (Ka’abah) is duty owed to God by all people who are able to undertake it. And as to those who deny the truth – verily, God does not stand in need of anything in all the world.” (Qur’an : Aali-’Imran 3 : 97) THE COMMANDMENT All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 48. When did Hajj began …? 48 • Focus on the Ka’abah or “Baytullaah” (“the House of God”) located in the peninsula of Arabia: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 49. When did Hajj began …? 49 • Focus on the Ka’abah or “Baytullaah” (“the House of God”) located in the peninsula of Arabia: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 50. When did Hajj began …? 50 • Focus on the Ka’abah or “Baytullaah” (“the House of God”) located in the peninsula of Arabia: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 51. When did Hajj began …? 51 • Focus on the Ka’abah or “Baytullaah” (“the House of God”) located in the peninsula of Arabia: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 52. When did Hajj began …? 52 • Focus on the Ka’abah or “Baytullaah” (“the House of God”) located in the peninsula of Arabia: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 53. When did Hajj began …? 53 • Focus on the Ka’abah or “Baytullaah” (“the House of God”) located in the peninsula of Arabia: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 54. When did Hajj began …? 54 • Focus on the Ka’abah or “Baytullaah” (“the House of God”) located in the peninsula of Arabia: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 55. 55 When did Hajj began …?When did Hajj began …? • Believed to have been the most ancient house of worship (Bayt-al-Aatiq) ever built on earth for mankind. Since Prophet Adam’s time. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 56. 56 When did Hajj began …?When did Hajj began …? • Believed to have been the most ancient house of worship (Bayt-al-Aatiq) ever built on earth for mankind. Since Prophet Adam’s time. • It was lost or forgotten after the great deluge in the time of Prophet Noah a.s. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 57. 57 When did Hajj began …?When did Hajj began …? • ‘Re-discovered’ when Prophet Abraham a.s. was guided to settle his descendent through Ishmael a.s. in the valley of Bakkah or Makkah. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 58. 58 When did Hajj began …?When did Hajj began …? • ‘Re-discovered’ when Prophet Abraham a.s. was guided to settle his descendent through Ishmael a.s. in the valley of Bakkah or Makkah. • God tested Abraham’s family Hagar and Ishmael, and granted them the well of “zam-zam” which then became a settlement called Makkah (in the valley of Bakkah). All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 59. From the founding of the well of “Zam-zam” in the valleyFrom the founding of the well of “Zam-zam” in the valley of Bakkah, it later grew to became known as Makkah to this day:of Bakkah, it later grew to became known as Makkah to this day: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 60. 60 • PREPARATIONSPREPARATIONS pure intentions & personal sacrifice. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 61. 61 • PREPARATIONSPREPARATIONS pure intentions & personal sacrifice. • THE JOURNEYINGTHE JOURNEYING Putting on the ‘Ihram’ – state of devotion as pilgrims journeying to return to his Lord, answer His Divine call. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 62. 62 • PREPARATIONSPREPARATIONS pure intentions & personal sacrifice. • THE JOURNEYINGTHE JOURNEYING Putting on the ‘Ihram’ – state of devotion as pilgrims journeying to return to his Lord, answer His Divine call. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 63. 63 • TAWAFTAWAF Circumambulation around the KA’ABAH. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 64. 64 • TAWAFTAWAF Circumambulation around the KA’ABAH. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 65. 65 • TAWAFTAWAF Circumambulation around the KA’ABAH. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 66. 66 • TAWAFTAWAF Circumambulation around the KA’ABAH. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 67. 67 • TAWAFTAWAF Circumambulation around the KA’ABAH. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 68. 68 • SA’ISA’I Re- enacting the running between theRe- enacting the running between the hills ofhills of Mount SafaMount Safa andand MarwahMarwah ofof ProphetProphet Abraham’s wife HagarAbraham’s wife Hagar .. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 69. 69 • SA’ISA’I Re- enacting the running between theRe- enacting the running between the hills ofhills of Mount SafaMount Safa andand MarwahMarwah ofof ProphetProphet Abraham’s wife HagarAbraham’s wife Hagar .. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 70. 70 • SA’ISA’I Re- enacting the running between theRe- enacting the running between the hills ofhills of Mount SafaMount Safa andand MarwahMarwah ofof ProphetProphet Abraham’s wife HagarAbraham’s wife Hagar .. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 71. 71 • SA’ISA’I Re- enacting the running between theRe- enacting the running between the hills ofhills of Mount SafaMount Safa andand MarwahMarwah ofof ProphetProphet Abraham’s wife HagarAbraham’s wife Hagar .. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 72. 72 • THE GREAT GATHERINGTHE GREAT GATHERING The gathering of over 2.5 million pilgrims on the plains of Arafat. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 73. 73 • THE GREAT GATHERINGTHE GREAT GATHERING The gathering of over 2.5 million pilgrims on the plains of Arafat. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 74. 74 • THE GREAT GATHERINGTHE GREAT GATHERING The gathering of over 2.5 million pilgrims on the plains of Arafat. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 75. 75 • THE GREAT GATHERINGTHE GREAT GATHERING The gathering of over 2.5 million pilgrims on the plains of Arafat. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 76. 76 • THE GREAT GATHERINGTHE GREAT GATHERING The gathering of over 2.5 million pilgrims on the plains of Arafat. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 77. 77 • THE GREAT GATHERINGTHE GREAT GATHERING The gathering of over 2.5 million pilgrims on the plains of Arafat. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 78. 78 • THE SPIRITUAL RETURNTHE SPIRITUAL RETURN On the way back, to pass by Muzdalifah and make spiritual preparation for the jihad against Satan (the avowed enemy of all the children of Adam). Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 79. 79 • THE SPIRITUAL RETURNTHE SPIRITUAL RETURN On the way back, to pass by Muzdalifah and make spiritual preparation for the jihad against Satan (the avowed enemy of all the children of Adam). Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010 … Picking pebbles, prayers, supplications, Qur’an reading & other nightly devotions
  • 80. 80 • STONING THE DEVILSTONING THE DEVIL At Mina, pilgrims pelt the 3 stone pillars representing satan, and engages in deep remembrance of God. Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010 “Behold, satan is an enemy unto you: so treat him as an enemy.” (Qur’an: al-Fatir : 35 : 6) “O Believers! Surrender yourselves wholly unto God, and follow not satan’s footsteps, for verily , he is your open foe.” (Qur’an: al-Baqarah : 2 : 208)
  • 81. 81 Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010 … stoning the Jumrah representing ‘satan’ …. and all evil which he represents
  • 82. 82 Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010 … battle against the enemy of mankind …. Satan , in well-disciplined ranks …
  • 83. 83 Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010 … battle against the enemy of mankind …. Satan , in well-disciplined ranks …
  • 84. 84 Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010 … being a soldier representing good against the enemy of mankind …. Satan ,
  • 85. 85 Some of the important rites: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010 … living in tents for 2-3 days, engaging in the remembrance and glorification of God.
  • 86. 86 Some of the important rites: • OFFERING SACRIFICEOFFERING SACRIFICE "That they (the pilgrims) may witness the benefits"That they (the pilgrims) may witness the benefits (provided) for them, and celebrate the name of Allah,(provided) for them, and celebrate the name of Allah, through the Days appointed over the cattle which Hethrough the Days appointed over the cattle which He has provided for them (for sacrifice): then eat ye thereofhas provided for them (for sacrifice): then eat ye thereof and feed the distressed ones in want.”and feed the distressed ones in want.” ((Qur’an: al-Hajj : 22 : 28Qur’an: al-Hajj : 22 : 28)) All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 87. AS FOR THE REST OF MUSLIMSAS FOR THE REST OF MUSLIMS ALL OVER THE WORLD, WHOALL OVER THE WORLD, WHO ARE NOT PERFORMINGARE NOT PERFORMING HAJJ , THEY CELEBRATE THEHAJJ , THEY CELEBRATE THE ‘EID-UL ADHA …….‘EID-UL ADHA ……. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 88. How it is celebrated by them …How it is celebrated by them … • The chanting of glorification to God (The chanting of glorification to God (takbirtakbir)) throughout the evening, the next day andthroughout the evening, the next day and continues for the following 3 days.continues for the following 3 days. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 89. How it is celebrated by them …How it is celebrated by them … • The chanting of glorification to God (The chanting of glorification to God (takbirtakbir)) throughout the evening, the next day andthroughout the evening, the next day and continues for the following 3 days.continues for the following 3 days. • MorningMorning ‘Eid‘Eid prayer with sermon in openprayer with sermon in open fields and mosques.fields and mosques. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 90. How it is celebrated by them …How it is celebrated by them … • The chanting of glorification to God (The chanting of glorification to God (takbirtakbir)) throughout the evening, the next day andthroughout the evening, the next day and continues for the following 3 days.continues for the following 3 days. • MorningMorning ‘Eid‘Eid prayer with sermon in openprayer with sermon in open fields and mosques.fields and mosques. • After which the rites of “After which the rites of “UdhiyahUdhiyah” or” or ““QurbanQurban” – slaughtering sheep, camel, cows” – slaughtering sheep, camel, cows etc. are done.etc. are done. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 91. How it is celebrated by them …How it is celebrated by them … • The chanting of glorification to God (The chanting of glorification to God (takbirtakbir)) throughout the evening, the next day andthroughout the evening, the next day and continues for the following 3 days.continues for the following 3 days. • MorningMorning ‘Eid‘Eid prayer with sermon in openprayer with sermon in open fields and mosques.fields and mosques. • After which the rites of “After which the rites of “UdhiyahUdhiyah” or” or ““QurbanQurban” – slaughtering sheep, camel, cows” – slaughtering sheep, camel, cows etc. are done.etc. are done. • The meat distributed to the poor, the needy,The meat distributed to the poor, the needy, family, friends, neighbours..family, friends, neighbours.. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 92. How it is celebrated by them …How it is celebrated by them … • The chanting of glorification to God (The chanting of glorification to God (takbirtakbir)) throughout the evening, the next day andthroughout the evening, the next day and continues for the following 3 days.continues for the following 3 days. • MorningMorning ‘Eid‘Eid prayer with sermon in open fieldsprayer with sermon in open fields and mosques.and mosques. • After which the rites of “After which the rites of “UdhiyahUdhiyah” or “” or “QurbanQurban”” – slaughtering sheep, camel, cows etc. are done.– slaughtering sheep, camel, cows etc. are done. • The meat distributed to the poor, the needy,The meat distributed to the poor, the needy, family, friends, neighbours.family, friends, neighbours. • Congratulating each other, feasting and mutualCongratulating each other, feasting and mutual visiting.visiting. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 93. How it is celebrated by them …How it is celebrated by them … • Although the day of celebration is technicallyAlthough the day of celebration is technically for four continuous days, customarily infor four continuous days, customarily in Singapore,Singapore, hari raya hajihari raya haji celebrationcelebration is not asis not as grand as in other Muslim countries.grand as in other Muslim countries. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 94. All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 95. “And thus [it is]: unto every community have We appointed [sacrifice as] an act of worship, so that they may extol the name of God (Allah) over the sustenance He gave them from animals (fit for food) but your God is one God: submit then your wills to Him (in Islam) and give thou the Good News to those who humble themselves―…. “ (Qur’an: al-Hajj : 22 : 34) All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 96. Significance of the “Significance of the “animalanimal slaughterslaughter.”.” • Commemorate the great sacrifice of Prophet AbrahamCommemorate the great sacrifice of Prophet Abraham and his family.and his family. • EDUCATING MUSLIMS ON:EDUCATING MUSLIMS ON: All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 97. Significance of the “Significance of the “animalanimal slaughterslaughter.”.” • Commemorate the great sacrifice of Prophet AbrahamCommemorate the great sacrifice of Prophet Abraham and his family.and his family. • EDUCATING MUSLIMS ON:EDUCATING MUSLIMS ON:  Remembrance of God and teachings of His Prophets;Remembrance of God and teachings of His Prophets; All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 98. Significance of the “Significance of the “animalanimal slaughterslaughter.”.” • Commemorate the great sacrifice of Prophet AbrahamCommemorate the great sacrifice of Prophet Abraham and his family.and his family. • EDUCATING MUSLIMS ON:EDUCATING MUSLIMS ON:  Remembrance of God and teachings of His Prophets;Remembrance of God and teachings of His Prophets;  Meaning of being Muslims who are committed, willing toMeaning of being Muslims who are committed, willing to under trials with self-sacrifice in God’s way;under trials with self-sacrifice in God’s way; All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 99. Significance of the “Significance of the “animalanimal slaughterslaughter.”.” • Commemorate the great sacrifice of Prophet AbrahamCommemorate the great sacrifice of Prophet Abraham and his family.and his family. • EDUCATING MUSLIMS ON:EDUCATING MUSLIMS ON:  Remembrance of God and teachings of His Prophets;Remembrance of God and teachings of His Prophets;  Meaning of being Muslims who are committed, willing toMeaning of being Muslims who are committed, willing to under trials with self-sacrifice in God’s way;under trials with self-sacrifice in God’s way;  Inculcation of gratefulness by appreciating the benefits ofInculcation of gratefulness by appreciating the benefits of life animals which we have been permitted to partake aslife animals which we have been permitted to partake as food;food; All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 100. Significance of the “Significance of the “animalanimal slaughterslaughter.”.” • Commemorate the great sacrifice of Prophet AbrahamCommemorate the great sacrifice of Prophet Abraham and his family.and his family. • EDUCATING MUSLIMS ON:EDUCATING MUSLIMS ON:  Remembrance of God and teachings of His Prophets;Remembrance of God and teachings of His Prophets;  Meaning of being Muslims who are committed, willing toMeaning of being Muslims who are committed, willing to under trials with self-sacrifice in God’s way;under trials with self-sacrifice in God’s way;  Inculcation of gratefulness by appreciating the benefits ofInculcation of gratefulness by appreciating the benefits of life animals which we have been permitted to partake aslife animals which we have been permitted to partake as food;food;  Learning life-skills and mutual co-operation;Learning life-skills and mutual co-operation; All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 101. Significance of the “Significance of the “animalanimal slaughterslaughter.”.” • Commemorate the great sacrifice of Prophet AbrahamCommemorate the great sacrifice of Prophet Abraham and his family.and his family. • EDUCATING MUSLIMS ON:EDUCATING MUSLIMS ON:  Remembrance of God and teachings of His Prophets;Remembrance of God and teachings of His Prophets;  Meaning of being Muslims who are committed, willing toMeaning of being Muslims who are committed, willing to under trials with self-sacrifice in God’s way;under trials with self-sacrifice in God’s way;  Inculcation of gratefulness by appreciating the benefits ofInculcation of gratefulness by appreciating the benefits of life animals which we have been permitted to partake aslife animals which we have been permitted to partake as food;food;  Learning life-skills and mutual co-operation;Learning life-skills and mutual co-operation;  Serving God through serving fellow humans by providingServing God through serving fellow humans by providing them beginning with basic needs;them beginning with basic needs; All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010
  • 102. Q & AQ & A sessionsession May Allah grant us all theMay Allah grant us all the understanding…… Thank you!understanding…… Thank you! All Rights reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2010

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