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LESSONS ON ISLAMIC …

LESSONS ON ISLAMIC
CONCEPT OF ADAB
By: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

LESSON# 3
“THE COVENANT”

Published in: Education, Spiritual

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  • 11/02/11 17:08 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
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    • 1. Arabic (plural) of Adab : meanings – “good breeding, decency, nurture, good manners, refinement, cultured, decorum, courteous, etiquette, propriety, social grace, to educate, discipline, the humanities, etc.” sense of proportion and knowledge of their rightful place in the order of things, the absence of which indicates injustice LESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADAB By: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Insha’Allah -This is a follow-up course, after completion of 18 weeks course on the kitab “ Ta’lim al-Muta’allim Tariqit Ta’allum ” of Sheikh Tajuddin Nu’man Zarnuji ( 2 November 2011 ) Every Wednesday night @ 8pm Wisma Indah 448 Changi Rd,#02-00 (Next to Masjid Kassim), LESSON# 3 “ THE COVENANT” IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASSIONATE MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 2 ND RUN OF THE MODULE
    • 2.
      • Arabic (plural) of Adab : meanings – “good breeding, decency, nurture, good manners, refinement, cultured, decorum, courteous, etiquette, propriety, social grace, to educate, discipline, the humanities, etc.”
      All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) sense of proportion and knowledge of their rightful place in the order of things, the absence of which indicates injustice
    • 3. “ We are (much) in need of a little adab, from (that of) going out (seeking) after much of ‘ilm (knowledge)” – Imam ‘Abdullah al-Mubarak All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 4. “ Allah witnesses that there is no deity except Him, and [so do] the angels and those of knowledge - [that He is] maintaining [creation] in justice ( QISTw ). There is no deity except Him, the Exalted in Might, the Wise." ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 18 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 5. “ O MANKIND! Worship (serve) your Sustainer, who has created you and those who lived before you, so that you might remain conscious of Him ( TAQWA )“ ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 21 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 7. “ (Allah) Who has made the earth a resting-place for you and the sky a canopy, and has sent down water from the sky and thereby brought forth fruits for your sustenance: do not, then, claim that there is any power that could rival Allah, when you know [that He is One].” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 22 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 8.
      • “ The foremost in religion is the acknowledgement of Him (Allah)”
      • Mankind’s existence is not accidental as though without purpose, but humans by nature are capable of knowing meanings and purpose to his life and his special place in nature.
      • Unlike animals, man’s reasoning faculty is summoned to reflect upon the higher philosophical questions as to the meaning and purpose of life which leads to the cognition of the existence of the Divine.
      • There is already and innate predisposition in him towards wanting to serve (worship) someone or something.
      All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) Imam ‘Ali bin Abi Tolib r.a. said:
    • 9.
      • Those who claimed to be “ atheists ” even are in reality serving or worshipping their own Selves (their desires).
      “ Have you seen he who has taken as his god his [own] desire, and Allah has sent him astray due to knowledge and has set a seal upon his hearing and his heart and put over his vision a veil? So who will guide him after Allah? Then will you not be reminded?” ( Qur’an: Jathiya: 45: 24 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 11. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 12. And [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam - from their loins - their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], "Am I not your Lord?" They said, "Yes, we have testified." [This] - lest you should say on the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were of this unaware." ( Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 13.
      • Mankind is called ( insaan ) – a word whose roots is the word ( nis-yaan ; nasiy ) – meaning “forgetfulness; to forget”.
      • Prophets came to ‘remind’; and thus the Qur’an is also named as
      • “ “ ( Adz-Dzikr ) meaning -‘the Reminder’
      • Islam asserts that mankind, naturally has a pure instinct
      • ( fitrah saleema ) to know of God’s existence.
      All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 14. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
      • The ability to perceive the existence of a Supreme Being (God) is innate in human nature ( Fitrah ), and it is this instinctive cognition that explains why in every culture there is a term referring to the Supernatural Divine - God.
      • In this verse we are told that, spiritually, our soul has already testified to Allah’s Lordship prior to our physical sojourn on this earth. Thus it is the Arabic term for “ man ” has that meaning “ to forget ”, and messengers were sent but to be ( MUDZAKKIR ) the ones to give “ reminders ” ( DZIKR ) to man, as well as the “ Warner ” ( NADZEERA ) regarding the consequence for heedlessness of this Reality.
    • 15. “ Every child is born in a state of pure innocence ( FITRAH ), It is the parents then who would make him to become a Jew or a Christian or a Pagan.” ( Hadith reported by Bukhary ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) Prophet Muhammad’ s.a.a.w. said :
    • 16. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
      • Thus Islam view humankind positively, free of blame or sins, left in the care of parents. Each one of us are said to be upon the pure and innocent nature of submission (“ Islam ”), but may be nurtured to become otherwise.
      • Even if they veered into a deviant path, he still can or is expected to continuously seek and return to the path of Truth and reformation.
      • Although he is not compelled because of his freewill, yet his innate potentials are to be developed and actualised towards knowing the truth. Those who are aware but reject truth is thus guilty of “ KUFR ” “ concealing; covering up; rejecting truth; or being ungrateful ; ”
    • 17. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
      • And those who know the Truth are to invite all with reasoning and wisdom, appealing to their innate volition towards recognizing the higher Reality and purpose, transcending this temporary earthly existence. It is never hopeless.
    • 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ CONSIDER the flight of time! Verily, man is bound to lose himself unless he be of those who attain to faith, and do good works, and enjoin upon one another the keeping to truth, and enjoin upon one another patience in adversity.” ( Qur’an: al-’Asr: 103: 1-3 )
      • And those who know the Truth are to invite all with reasoning and wisdom, appealing to their innate volition towards recognizing the higher Reality and purpose, transcending this temporary earthly existence. It is never hopeless.
    • 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
      • Islam’s message is the message of Mercy and Allah’s Forgiveness, and we must never despair in inviting all fellow man to Allah’s way.
      “ CALL THOU (all mankind] unto thy Sustainer's path with wisdom and goodly exhortation, and argue with them in the most kindly manner- for, behold, thy Sustainer knows best as to who strays from His path, and best knows He as to who are the right-guided.” ( Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125 )
    • 20. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ No (don’t destroy them) ! But my hope is that Allah will bring forth from their descendents, people who worship Allah Alone, and do not set up partners (i.e. commit shirk) to Him. ” Prophet Muhammad’s reaction to suggestion for him invoke destruction (as punishment ) upon his oppressors (Quraysh) :
    • 21. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
      • When we enter into Islam, the “ Shahaadahtain ” constitute the re-affirmation (reconnection) with our primordial (spiritual) bond with our Creator Sustainer.
      • This bond is in-fact our “ self-actualizing ” which re-orientate and align our aim and purpose of life upon a single TAU H EEDIC paradigm : life of service and servitude to the One God through submission and obedience, following His Last Messenger Muhammad s.a.a.w..
    • 22. “ And He is Allah; there is no deity except Him. To Him is [due all] praise in the first [life] and the Hereafter. And His is the [final] decision, and to Him you will be returned.” ( Qur’an: Qasas: 28: 70 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 23. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 24. “  Say: ‘O my servants who have transgressed against their own souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and bow to His [Will], before the Penalty comes on you: After that ye shall not be helped.” ( Qur’an: Surah az-Zumar: 39: 53-54 )   All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 25. “ But seek, through that which Allah has given you, the home of the Hereafter; and [yet], do not forget your share of the world. And do good as Allah has done good to you. And desire not corruption in the land. Indeed, Allah does not like corrupters.“ ( Qur’an: Qasas: 28: 77 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 26. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. taught this important DU’A :
    • 27. ‘ O All a h, You are my Lord, none has the right to be worshipped except You, You created me and I am Your servant and I abide to Your covenant and promise as best I can, I seek refuge in You from the evil of which I have committed. I acknowledge Your favor upon me and I acknowledge my sin, so forgive me, for verily none can forgive sin except You.’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. taught this important DU’A :
    • 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 29. Let not the strutting about of the Unbelievers through the land deceive thee (seemingly able to do as they please on earth): it is [but] a brief enjoyment, with hell thereafter as their goal – and how vile a resting-place! – whereas those who remain conscious of their Sustainer ( TAQWA ) shall have gardens through which running waters flow, therein to abide: a ready welcome from Allah. And that which is with Allah is best for the truly virtuous.” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 196-197 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 30. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 31. “ And hold firmly to the ( HABL ) rope of Allah all together and do not become divided. And remember the favour of Allah upon you - when you were enemies and He brought your hearts together and you became, by His favour, brothers. ” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3:103 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 32. “ Under covenant ( HABL – bond; relationship) with Allah –- and covenant ( HABL – bond; relationship) with fellow mankind” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3:112 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 33. “ And I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in your affairs (of this religion), whosoever holdfast to them shall never be led astray – (these are) the Book of Allah and the Sunnah (Way or tradition) of His Messenger.” ( From Sermon reported by Ibnu Hisham in his “Seerah” ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 34. Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 35. “ Verily, I am leaving behind me for you all, whosoever clings to them shall never be astray after this till the hereafter :-the Book of Allah - the rope stretched from heaven to the earth; and my ‘ itrah ’ [progeny] from my Household – These two will never be separated from each other until they return upon the Pool (in Paradise). See that you do not differ from (the guidance of) these two after me.” ( Hadith reported by Tirmidzi ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 36.
      • In our existence, we have to be mindful of our life and all our responsibilities and commitment which we are commanded to bind ourselves to, or have taken upon ourselves towards those whom we have covenanted (made contract/agreement) with.
      • Placing them in their rightful place, fulfilling or giving them their just due becomes imperative especially when we realize we shall most certainly be called to account for all them in the presence of Allah azza-wajalla in the HEREAFTER.
      All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 37.
      • The word “ “ ( habl’ ) literally means “ cord; string; rope; cable; etc .” it gives us the imaginary of something which is to be used for:
      • “ binding oneself to or with it ” ;
      • “ something to cling on to, to holdfast, as a means of once salvation ”;
      • the “ bond which unites ”;
      All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 38.
      • The word “ “ ( habl’ ) literally means “ cord; string; rope; cable; etc. ” it gives us the imaginary of something which is to be used for:
      • “ the connecting link which symbolises unity and continuity which is unbroken ”; etc.;
      • As in “ cable or rope ”, it evoke unity in diversity, when every strands and cord were to be in their rightful place, functioning accordingly to their own way, fulfilling their due – leads to strength.
      All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 39. “ And interact with people in the best manner of disposition (i.e. adopt a noble character).” ( Hadith reported by at-Tabrani )
      • In interacting with people, our Prophet s.a.w. commands us to adopt the best manner in our disposition, which when applied would require knowledge with “ Adab . ”
      All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 40.
      • Our existence thus, has to do with relationship which must even be extended towards the rest of the universe, and transcends the notion of space and time, into the realm of timeless eternity, which ultimately we will all be brought back to.
      All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 41.
      • These, on the following charts, are the general overview of whom we need to relate with our “ Adab ” to – while we are in this world. To know their place, significance and accord them their due respect, rights etc. as we shall be held accountable.
      • It is suggested that for which ever lessons, mind-map should be drawn and annotated wherever relevant as we go along.( ADVISE : From it, do make your own notes – please! )
      All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 42.
      • The subject matter may seem disparate, but actually they are interconnected wholistically – i.e. connected to the Divine Plan.
      • For “ we are in the world but not of this world .”
      • WaAllaa-hu a’-lam.
      All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 43. (MASTER-CHART) APPENDIX PROPOSED ASPECTS OF RELATIONSHIP : LESSONS TO COVER TO THE EXTENT AS PERMITTED BY TIME CONSTRAIN, FOLLOWING THE PRIORITY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) LESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADAB By: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASSIONATE MOST MERCIFUL.
    • 44. SELF ALLAH RASULULLAH SIBLINGS KNOWLEDGE NEIGHBOURS AL-QUR’AN TEACHERS FELLOW MUSLIMS NON-MUSLIMS THE WORLD BODY MIND TONGUE HEART DESIRE AS-SUNNAH AHLIL-BAYTIHI ASHAABIHI IMAM MADZAAHIB FRIENDS CO-WORKERS SPOUSE CHILDREN PARENTS WEALTH STATUS HEREAFTER TIME HEALTH AL-‘ULAMA CLASSMATES EMPLOYER/EMPLOYEE ANCESTORS AD-DA’WAH AL-UMMAH HISTORY MUJAAHID AMBITIONS IN-LAWS NGO’s/GO’s APPENDIX All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 45. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)